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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

MEANING OF THE RESEARCH

‘Research ‘means a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a


specific topic. Research is a careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for
new facts in any branch of knowledge. Research compromises defining and redefining
problems. Formulating hypothesis or suggested solution; collecting, organizing and
evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions; and at last carefully testing
the conclusion to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.

Methodology is defined as “the study of methods by which we gain knowledge, it deals


with cognitive process imposed on research problems rising from the nature of its subject
matter “

3.1 TYPES OF RESEARCH

A) DESPCRITIVE RESEARCH

In this survey descriptive research is used which is most appropriate. This research
enables a research to explore new areas of investigation: normally empirical problem are
investigated adopting this approach. A researcher develops his hypothesis based on his
knowledge about the subject matter to study.

B) EXPERIMENTEL RESEARCH

The experimental research is mainly focused finding out the cause and effect
relationship of the phenomenon under study. Actually is arranged and controlled, it
becomes an experimental study.

C) EXPLORATORY RESEARCH

This also called formulate research design. This aims at formulating a problem for
more precise idea or hypothesis. Based on this, the subsequent stages of research could be
planned.
3.2 TARGET RESPONDENTS

The target respondents where the junior Programmers and the senior programmers of the
company.

3.3 ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY

The Team Mangers where considered as the compromising units so they where not
included in the survey.

The trainee programmers where also not included in the study.

3.3.1 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

1. Time constraints:

As the respondents were busy in work, they could not spare time during the
interview schedule and hence sample size was restricted.

There is lack of co-operation on the part of certain employees.

2. Cost constraints:

Due to cost factors, survey could not be extended further.

3. Other Constraints

There is a lack of communication skills between the group members. Problems in


finding of data for the research. Different educational background of group members

3.4 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

Convenience sampling procedure used in the survey. This method of sampling


involves selecting the samples involve selecting the sample elements using some
convenient method going through the rigor of sampling method. The researcher may use
of any convenient base to select the required number of samples.

3.4.1 SAMPLE SIZE

The sample size is 64 employees

3.4.2 PERIOD OF STUDY

The period of the study is 1 month (July)


3.5 DATA PROCESSING

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

Questionnaire is the research instrument used in this survey. In this method,


apre-printed listed of questions arranged in sequence is used to elicit response from the
informants.

3.5.1 QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN

The questionnaire is of structured type which consists of close-ended, open-


ended, multiple choice and dichotomous to suit the study.

3.5.2 DATA COLLECTION

Data could be broadly classified as follows:

Primary data

Secondary data

Primary data

It is known as the data collected for the first time, primary data are generated
when the researcher employing mail questionnaires, telephone surveys, personal
interviews and experiment investigates a particular problem at hand.

Secondary data:

Secondary data are collected from some earlier research work and are applicable
or usable in the study researcher has presently undertaken.

3.6 TOOLS FOR ANALYSIS

CHISQUARE TEST

PERCENTAGE ANALYSIS