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Abstract

This project design II is entitled “Instructional Mock-up of Four speed Manual


Transmission”. This project is aimed to develop an innovation of 4 speed Manual
transmission which driven by the 220V A.C motor as electrical power source that can
operate the gearings to be shifted. This project would be used as tool for automotive
students to gain knowledge about the function and operation of the gearings in order to
shift.

ii
Acknowledgement

The researchers would like to take this opportunity and privilege to extend their
sincerest thanks and gratitude to the below-mentioned persons who helped and guided
them in accomplishing the research to:

Mrs. Nenita C. Drilon (Adviser) for giving her idea and guiding to the researchers to
accomplish this project.

Mr. Cemilon Dumat-ol, Mr. Ferdinand M. Oraiz, Mr. Cerilo R. Raiz, mr. Madrona for their
comments and suggestions about the project.

To our beloved parents of the researchers and relatives for their financial support since
starting class to finish this project.

Above all to our Almighty God for his giving us strength, knowledge and guiding us in all
we had undertaken.

iii
List of Tables

Table 1. Functionally

Table 2. Aesthetics

Table 3. Manipulability

Table 4. Bill of Materials

List of Figures

Figure 1. Project Output

Figure 2. Frame

Figure 3. Expected Output

Figure 4. First-Speed Gear

Figure 5.Second-Speed Gear

Figure 6. third-Speed Gear

Figure 7. Fourth-Speed Gear

Figure 8. Reverse Gear

Figure 9. Expected Output

Figure 10. Front View

Figure 11. Left Side View

Figure 12. Right side View

Figure 13. Top View

iv
Table of Contents

Page

Title Page………………………………………………………………………….i

Approval Sheet…………………………………………………………………..ii

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………...iii

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………iv

List of Table………………………………………………………………………vi

List of Figure…………………………………………………………………….vi

Table of Contents……………………………………………………………….vi-vii

Chapter I The Problem

1. Introduction……………………………………………….1

2. Background and Rationale……………………………..2

3. Statement of the Problem………………………………3

4. Objective…………………………………………………..4

5. Significant of the Study…………………………………4

6. Scope and Limitation……………………………………5-6

7. Theoretical Framework………………………………….7-8

8. Definition of Terms………………………………………7-8

v
Chapter II

2.1 Review of Related Literature………………………………….9-13

Chapter III Methodology

3.1 Design and Calculation………………………………………….14-22

3.2 Safety of the User…………………………………………………23

3.3 Usability of the mock-up………………………………………..24

3.4 Materials Use……………………………………………………..24

3.5 The expected Output……………………………………………25

3.6 acceptability of the Device…………………………………….25

3.7 Prototype Development………………………………………..26-27

Chapter IV Result and discussion

4.1 Performance of the Device………………………………………28

4.2 evaluation of the Acceptability of the Device…………………29-32

Chapter V

5.1 Conclusion…………………………………………………………..33

5.2 Recommendation…………………………………………………..33

Appendices

References

Bibliography

Curriculum Vitae

vi
Chapter 1

The Problem

1. Introduction

This project entitled “Instructional mock-up of Four Speed Manual Transmission”


is made from utilizing and recycling the old parts of Toyota Vulcan as Instructional
Mock-up that can help give a deeper knowledge for those students who want to know
about the operation of manual transmission specially the automotive students.

It cannot be denied that during lecture the students will not directly understand of
the explanation of their instructors without actual hands on, through this project it can
give more explanation and actual seen during discussion rather than those books,
drawings on board or imagining if what instructors talking about during lectures. The
automotive students like the researchers are necessary to gain more practical skills,
more in hands on and wider knowledge about manual transmission and actual
manipulation augmenting the critical skills in problem solving being encountered in
actual work situation.

Through this project also the researchers are given a chance to display their
innovation skills in modifying things to be more useful accessible and good looking by
applying some preservation of techniques in preserving materials. Sharing of
techniques and ideas if what it has been learned during lecture and how to do task
given by the instructors are accurately and precisely by doing it into an enjoyable way
as what to do.
The researchers adapted from our mentors in the industries the researchers
gladly and freely give it to our subordinates. Through this project that could be spare
them foot be like us facing and a blank spare just imagining on how this would operate
as mechanism sharing of knowledge that the researchers acquire from this institution is
the greatest fulfillment.

2. Background and Rationale

This project entitled “Instructional Mock-up of Four Speed Manual


Transmission” as a fulfillment project for the subject AMT-44 project Design II. The
researchers would like to fill in lacking Instructional mock-up in Automotive shop in
MUST-JC because based on gathering information from the Automotive students under
year level, according to them it is easy to absorb the lesson when there is actual seen
during discussion rather than Automotive books and drawings on board. That’s why the
researchers provide the functionally mock-up with the functional of manual transmission
from the utilizing, reconditioning and rehabilitation the old parts of minicab to get useful
for the coning automotive students.

3. Statement of the Problem

This study aims to construct the Instructional mock-up for automotive shop of
MUST-JC and to provide easy access of the basic operation of the Car Manual
Transmission for the succeeding years for the BS-AMT students. Through this project
that could be seen the actual operation between clutch and transmission driven by A.C
motor and to felt by educators in a skill exclusive for automotive students that it is in
scarcity of instructional facilities and equipment that has been a perennial problem that
acquires an immediate solution to improve instruction particularly in Automotive
department.

The researchers believe that the construction of the production of the automotive
manual transmission will be a great contribution to the learning process of the students
of Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Jasaan campus.

Through this project Instructional mock-up, the automotive students will be


trained the trouble shooting and knowing all parts of Manual Transmission and doing
maintenance work as an application of what they have learned during lecture.

4. Objective

1. To make Instructional Mock-up Four Speed transmission for all users and other
related school.

2. To provide easy access of actual operation transmission to the Automotive


students.

1. Significance of the Study


This project output is significant to automotive students in designing and
analyzing of ideas of manual transmission to acquire further knowledge particularly on
its functions of gearings, clutch and other transmission failure.

The project study would hopefully facilitate the positive acquisition of skillful
knowledge in the manipulatively and easy knowing of parts about manual transmission,
this project can be constructed out of locally and surlus automotive unit parts and other
available materials in the locality. Since this will be done in other automotive shop,
develop in them the right attitudes toward work and likewise install in their minds the
correct values, initiative and resourcefulness which are sadly lacking in the most of the
students today.

Through this Instructional mock-up, it will also help in catering and learning
interest and curiosity to do something out of waste materials that could be an economic
value thus leading them to become automotive technicians. The output of this study
prepares and equips students with much-needed skills, necessary for Automotive
Students Technology Area.

2. Scope and Limitation

This study focused only for the Automotive shop in MUST-JC that can give
explanation on how manual transmission work and easy absorb to the automotive
students when there is an actual seen and actual hands on rather than those books,
drawings on board or imagining.
3. Theoretical Framework

The researchers would explain to the instructors and automotive students


about what the researchers are studied gathered information about and what
output to be constructed. Therefore, this project, the Instructional Mock-up of
Four Speed Manual Transmission that could be seen an actual operation of
gearing and clutching during demonstration and also if could give them adding
knowledge for bringing outside of school campus and that could be share to all
automotive students.

1.8 Definition of Terms

AC motor is an electric motor driven by alternating current. It commonly consists


of two basic parts, an outside stationary stator having coils supplied with alternating
current to produce a rotating magnetic field, and an inside rotor attached to the output
shaft that is given a torque by the rotating field.

Capacitor is a passive electronic component consisting of a pair of conductors


separated by a dielectric. When there is a potential difference (voltage) across the
conductors, a static electric field develops in the dielectric that stores energy and
produces a mechanical force between the conductors.

Flywheel is a mechanical device with a significant moment of inertia used as a


storage device for rotational energy. Flywheels resist changes in their rotational speed,
which helps steady the rotation of the shaft when a fluctuating torque is exerted on it by
its power source such as a piston-based (reciprocating) engine, or when an intermittent
load, such as piston pump, is placed on it.

Indicator lamp to determine if the sleeve is already engages.


Limit Switch and sliding switch is a switch is an electrical component that can
break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to
another. The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical
device with one or more sets of electrical contacts.

Manual Transmission is also known as a manual gearbox or standard


transmission ( informally, a “manual”, “straight shift”, “stick (shift)”, or “straight drive”) is
a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications. It generally uses a driver –
operated clutch, typically operated by a pedal or lever, for regulating torque transfer
from the internal combustion engine to the transmission, and a gear stick, either
operated hand (as in a car) or by foot (as on a motorcycle).

Shift shaft a shaft mounted on the shift fork that can move forward and
backward.

Chapter II

Review of Related literature

Local settings

According to Ronald A. Rodrigues on June 3, 2008, he studied the disc power


electric motor-driven gearbox suits on hub application. According to him the Disc Power
electric motor-driven gearbox is said to be compact and economical for in-hub
application, the assembly comprises a dynamic, brushless and maintenance-fee
synchronies pancake motor with an integral, low-backlash planetary gearbox.

Disc Power units are available with the power ratings from 0.42W to 1 Kw and up
to 110 Nm of torque. The planetary gearbox with lifetime lubrication is available in
transmission ratios from 5:1 up to 50:1 it is smaller and lighter than other gear
configurations, has a higher efficiency and is exceptionally quiet. This latest additional to
the Ronald A. Rodrigues range can be combined with a range of motor feedback
system such as hall effect sensors, encoders or resolvers to suit application.

Disc Power units are suitable for automatic vehicles, forklifts, wheel chairs and
any industrial application where minimal space and low noise are important design
criteria.

Foreign setting
According to Harrington, Donald J. he invented DIY Drive Gearboxes, DIY drive
Gearbox is used for Go Kart, on One single motor unit and two double motor units one
of which has built-in-band-brakes. Some of their design features are:

1. Self-contained-multiple drive components don’t need to be separately attached to


the buggy main frame of chassis. Drive wheels are attached directly to the output
shaft.

2. Timber Cases-easier to make and easy to secure to.

3. A combination of roller chain and gear stages to obtained overall speed reduction
ratio from about 10:1 to 27:1 form the motor output shaft and wheel axles
speeds. A range of differential finals stage gears can be used at the build stage
to set the reduction ratio needed for a particular application.

4. First stage (motor) chain drive which is more forgiving of slight inaccuracies in
the motor positioning than a greater first stage this allows the motor fixing
method to be simple.

5. Inexpensive needle roller bearing on all shafts.

6. Steel shaft for strength with bench ground end flat for torque attachments.

Build procedures to allow accurately positioning of bearing housing in the casing to get
correct shaft centre distance and alignments.

With the electric scooter motors, use in the gear boxes a range of output shaft
speeds are obtained between about 150 rpm and 370 rpm depending on which 2nd
stage gears are used. The motors have rated power output of 250W giving a total of
500 output for the double motor unit. The brake unit has built-in scooter band brakes
which braking directly the final axle- this provides mechanical braking which is
independent of the electrical drive.
By using gear and roller chain stages and rollers bearings throughout, the boxes
are efficient and loose little drive energy in transmission. Importantly for the buggy use
they are both reversible (can be drive in reverse) and back-drivable (can be driven from
the output shaft). This later characteristics allows the use of “ 4 quadrant” motor
controllers to provide some dynamic re-generative braking for the application. Another
practical application of this is to allow the vehicle to be towed easily when the drive
motor is isolated from their controller.

According to Jason, David A. (Plymouth MI). he invented Manual Transmission


using chain and planetary Gear set as final Drive. He said the manual transmission for
an engine or motor with a reduce package size and increased efficiency comprising: an
input sprocket an output sprocket.

A chain and a planetary gear set. The output sprocket is drivingly connecting to
the input sprocket through the chain. The output sprocket has a hallow center portion
that receives the sun gear of the planetary gear set. The planetary gear set also
includes at least two planet gears meshed with the sun gear which is mounted to a fixed
Planet carrier for driving a differential with a ring gear portion.

When the input sprocket is rotated in a first direction and the sun gear drives
gears to rotate in a second direction, opposite the first direction, driving the gear portion
and differential in the second direction. The present invention reduces the overall final
drive package, making it radically smaller with a lower rotational inertia and decreased
weight of the final drive.

The chain is preferably an inverted tooth chain, although other power


transmission chain maybe used. The number of teeth on the sun gear, planet gear, and
ring gear formed as part of the differential housing may be altered to change the speed
direction ratio as applicable to differential transmission.
According to shanghai Tongyu educational Instrument AMnufacturer Co. Ltd.,
who studied of Anatomy of running training manual transmission station (later driven) is
the front drive type using the mass-based precursor original manual transmission.

The established geometrical conditions or distances between the selector


positions in the selector mechanism can establish the necessary step number according
to the individual step angle of the electric motor and of the distance between the
selector positions. After the selector procedure, only feedback is still necessary with
which the attainment of the intended position can be verified in an advantageous
manner, electric motor are used, which can return their own position to a sensor control
without additional expenditure, so that the constructive expenditure is further reduced.
Chapter III

Methodology

3.1a Design Consideration

This project Instructional Mock-up of Four Speed Manual Transmission is

mounted on a metal frame, the frame it looks like a table that has different sizes such

as: 2’ height, 3’ height and 2’ width (2’x3’x2’). This project has different colors which are

the fame color blue, the panel board has a color white, the transmission has a gray

color, the flywheel has a color red and the A.C. motor has a color gray then the left side

of the transmission has a clutch handle to connect and disconnect a shaft from its drive-

wheel while the drive mechanism is connected. Under the fame there’s a wiring harness

from the source voltage to different lamps. The panel board has a six lamp’s attached

as a light indicator when the transmission is already engaged to the different speed-

gears. That using a ratio of revolution from the pinion gear meshed to the flywheel as a

drive mechanism.

Figure 1

Procedures

A.Frame

Step 1: Prepare all materials, equipments and safety goggles.

Step 2: Get the exact measure of height, width and length by using scale tape.

Step 3: Cut the angular bar to start by making a mock-up using by hack saw.
Step 4: Full weld the height and width of the mock-up together with brase it’s a form of

square with a four side by using a welding machine together with safety googles and

welding rod. (E6011 or E6012).

Step 5. Joining the stand and full weld on its stand position by using again the welding

machine.

Step 6: Joining the panel board and full weld on its end of the angle bar.

Step 7: put the plain wood by using 10mm bolt and tight with the plain washer.

Step 8: Full weld the bracket of the A.C. motor.

Figure 2
B. Instructional Mock-up

Step 9: Put A.C. motor into the bracket.

Step 10: Put transmission on the top of the mock-up.

Step 11: Place 12mm bolt under the transmission and tight.

Step 12: install the flywheel and clutch that constantly meshed to a pinion gear.

Step 13: Full weld the clutch handle that fatted into a clutch linkage.

Step 14: Full weld the shifting lever bracket.

Step 15: Install the shifting lever.

Step 16: Install the limit switch to the base of the shifting lever.

Step 17: Install the indicator lamp to the panel board.

Step 18: Install the wiring from the switch lamp.

Step 19: Check all accessories and component attached to the mock-up after of making

a mock-up before you are going to test.

Figure 3
Figure 1 shows the normal operation of the transmission. It is in neutral position.

All gears have no power transmitted except the three needed for reverse are constantly

in meshed. Wheels on the output shaft revolve around it and those on lay shaft are fixed

in neutral.

Neutral

Figure 4

Figure 2 shows the first speed- gear, depressed the clutch to disengage the shaft

connected. Move the gear shift lever into the first position this causes linkage in the

transmission to select the first-reverse synchronizer and move its sleeve to the right.
The sleeve assembly is locked to the first-speed gear. Since the synchronizer and

sleeve assembly is locked to the output shaft, the first speed gear drives the output

shaft when the clutch is engaged.

In the first gear, there ia torque multiplication and speed reduction through the

transmission. The main-drive gear is smaller than the counter gear it drives this

provides gear reduction there’s more gear reduction as the small counter gear drive

large first speed gear, the gear reduction can vary. A typical first gear ratio is about 4:1;

the crankshaft turns four times to turn the output shaft once.

First-Speed Gear

Figure 5

Figure 3 shows the shifting into second, the first-second speeed gear

synchronizer sleeve moves to the left. The sleeve moves through its center or neutral
position. Unlocking the first-speed gear and locking the second-speed gear to the output

shaft. The second-speed gear driven by the counter gear, second gear now drives the

output shaft through the synchronizer sleeve. There is less than in first gear because

there is different in size of the gear.

A typical gear ratio for the second Speed gear is about 2.4:1; the input shaft turns

2.4 times to turn the output shaft once.

Second-Speed Gear

Figure 6

Figure 4 shows the third-speed gear, the first-second synchronizer sleeve moves

to its neutral position. The third-fourth synchronizer sleeve move to the left so that it
meshes with third-speed gear the counter gear third gear now drives the third-speed

gear and the output shaft through the synchronizer. A typical gear reduction in third is

about 1.5:1.

Third-Speed Gear

Figure 7

Figure 5 shows the fourth-speed gear, or direct drive. In fourth, the third-fourth

synchronizer sleeve moves to the right so that it meshes with the main drive gear on the

end of the input shaft. The output shaft is now driven by the main drive gear through the

synchronizer. This is direct drive and the gear ratio is about 1:1.
Fourth-Speed Gear

Figure 8

Figure 6 shows the reverse, all synchronizer sleeve are in neutral. The reverse-

idler gear slides into mesh with reverse gear on the counter gear and the gear teeth on

the first-second synchronizer sleeve. This serves gear on the output shaft. The counter

gear drives the reverse-idler gear and it drives the output shaft through the synchronizer

sleeve. The output shaft turns in the reverse direction because of the reverse idler gear.

A typical reverse gear ratio is about 3.5:1.


Reverse Gear

Figure 9

The different gear ratio explain on the different figure on the top is depend upon the

model of the manufacturer’s.

3.2b Safety of the User

The researchers would like to secure safety during demonstration and discussion

so that as a researcher made of mock-up that have protection to all concerned because

it is welded in every end sides of the mock-up. All components attached in mock-up is

previously bolted and welded. It is safety by using lecturer tool.


3.3c Usability of the Mock-up of all Sides

There are two persons spending time to operate the mock-up, one person by

shifting into different speed gear and one another person user by pressing the clutch

handle to correct and disconnec the shafting inside of the mechanism.

3.4d The Material Use

The researchers used the following materials.

1. of 3x3/16” Angular bar 12. 16mm Automotive Wire

2. Limit Switch 13. Mighty Bond

3. Indicator lamp 14. Stainless Welding Rod

4. A.C. Motor 15. Welding Rod (E1612 and E1611)

5. Sliding Switch 16. Cutting Disc

6. 12mm,14mm,17mm bolt 17. 50ml Lotus Paint

7. Manual Transmission 18. Stick glue

8. Welding Rod 19. 12V battery

9. Paint Brush

10. Acrylic Paint

11. Pulley
3.5 The Expected Output

Figure 10

3.2 Acceptability of the Device

The Survey questionnaire is utilized in the evaluation of the device. All first year

automotive students as a respondent had tested the device on the operation of the

manual transmission and then tested how to operate the device.

The reseachers use the likert scale to determine the perception of the

respondents on the functionality, Aesthetics and Manipulability of the device. The

criteria shows below.

Likert Scale Value

5-Strongly Agree 4.6-5.0

4-Agree 37.7-4.59

3-Undecided 2.8-3.69
2-Disagree 1.9-2.79

1-Strongly Disagree 1.0-1.89

3.3 Protoype Development Mechanism

The mock-up has a different view. The figure 11 show the front view of the

project. Figure 12 shows the right side view of the project to show the diagram of the

device. Figure 13 shows the left side view it indicate to show the left side view of the

mock-up together with the driving and driven mechanism. And last figure 14 show the

top view of the Instructional mock-up to show the whole attached to the mechanism.

Front View Right Side View

Figure 11 Figure 12

Left Side View Top View


Figure 13 Figure 14

Chapter IV

Result and Discussion

4.1 Performance of the Device

This chapter presents the conducted test with the first year automotive students
together with the chairman in automotive department at automotive shop in MUST-JC,
the manual transmission was tested run by 220V A.C. motor as a power source, the
manual transmission is operationally with the pinion gear that constantly meshing into a
flywheel because once A.C. motor that could be transmitting power from the power
source to the output shaft. The shifting lever can be move to shift into the different
speed gear from the neutral position.

There are five lamps attached to the panel board of the mock-up, that lamp’s as
a light indicator when the sleeve is already engage. The lamp one is indicate to the first-
speed gear, second lamp indicate to the second-speed gear, third lamp detect to the
third-speed gear, fourth lamp indicate to the fourth-speed gear and the fifth lamp
indicate to the reverse idle gear. Once the lamp will lights it is determining the gearings
inside the transmission box are already engaged.

4.2 Evaluation of the Acceptability of the Device

The table 1; shows the assessment of the respondents in terms of functionality of


using the project as indicator of its acceptability. In the table, the respondents gave
good rating 4.455 on the mock-up clearly demonstrates the principle and operations. It
teaches the theories and application is clearly, had a rating of 4.455. Then makes the
lesson more understandable and simple, had a rating of 4.55. Then explanations of
functions on its parts of the system is clearly, had a rating of 4.55 and it is provides
diagnostic tool in terms of tracing problem, had a rating of 4.636 with the overall rating
4.527 the respondents are Agree in terms of functionality.

Table 1: Mean rating respondents in terms of functionality.

Question Mean Standard Division Description


Question 1 4.455 0.522 Agree
Question 2 4.455 0.522 Agree
Question 3 4.545 0.522 Agree
Question 4 4.545 0.522 Agree
Question 5 4.636 0.505 Strongly Agree
Overall rating
mean rating 4.527 0.519 Agree

Table 2; shows the assessment of the respondents of Aesthetics by using the project as
an indicator of its acceptability. As shown in the table, the respondents gave good rating
4.455 on the mock-up has a unique design. Then the parts and accessories of the
mock- up are safe to use even its driven by A.C. motor as an alternative power source,
had a good rating of 4.364. Then the arrangement of the parts and accessories is nice
to look at, had a rating of 4.455 then the components are properly mounted in terms of
safety, the respondents gave good rating 4.455 with the overall rating of 4.437. Agree in
terms of aesthetics.

Table 2; Mean rating of the respondents in terms of Aesthetics.

Question Mean Standard Division Description


Question 1 4.455 0.522 Agree
Question 2 4.455 0.522 Agree
Question 3 4.364 0.674 Agree
Question 4 4.455 0.522 Agree
Question 5 4.455 0.522 Agree
Overall rating
mean 4.437 0.552 Agree

Table 3; shows the assessment of the respondents of Aesthetics by using the project as
an indicator of its acceptability. As shown in the table, the respondents gave good rating
4. 364 on it is easy to operate when doing diagnostic. Then the parts and accessories
are clearly located, had a rating of 4.545. Then the question number three had a rating
of 4.364 in terms of easy to assemble and disassemble. With the overall rating of 4.424,
the respondents Agree in terms of manipulability.

Table 3; mean rating of the respondents in terms of manipulability.

Question Mean Standard Division Description


Question 1 4.364 0.674 Agree
Question 2 4.545 0.522 Agree
Question 3 4.364 0.674 Agree
Overall rating
mean 4.424 0.623 Agree

As shown in table 6, the respondents gave an overall rating of the mock-up 4.527
Agree in terms of Functionality; The Aesthetics got overall rating 4.437 Agree;
Manipulability got overall rating 4.424 Agree.

Table 6; Mean rating of the respondents in terms of overall rating.


Criteria Mean Description
Functionality 4.527 Agree
Aesthetics 4.437 Agree
Manipulability 4.424 Agree

Appendices

Bill of Materials

Quality Unit Price

2 length of 3x3/16 Angular bar Php. 600.00

1 kl. Welding Rod (E1612) Php. 120.00

1 pc. Stainless Welding Rod Php. 18.00

6 pcs. Indicator lamp Php. 180.00

5 pcs. Limit Switch Php. 150.00

1 pc. A.C. Motor Php. 300.00

4 pcs. 10Mm Plain washer Php. 12.00


7 pcs. 14Mm Bolt Php. 59.00

2 pcs. 17 Bolt Php. 17.00

2 pcs. 12Mm Bolt Php. 11.00

1 pc. Cutting Disc Php. 98.00

1 pc. 50ml Lotus Paint (Blue) Php. 18.00

1 pc. 50ml Lotus Paint (Silver) Php. 28.00

2 pcs. Mighty Bond Php. 116.00

1 pc. Release bearing Php. 150.00

Total Php. 1,875.00

Chapter V

Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

Base on the findings and result of this study, the following conclusion emerged.
The automotive students easily understand when there is an actual seeing during the
discussion about the operation of manual transmission rather than books and drawing
on board. The actual seeing in operation of gearings and clutch during discussion can
give full attention to all students, so that they cannot feel sleepiness. Lastly, the
researchers believe that the project they have made can give additional ideas to the
automotive students.

5.2 Recommendation
As a result of this project, the researchers recommend to all coming fourth year
automotive student to make a different instructional mock-up that can help improving
our automotive shop and also they can give chance to display their additional innovation
so that they can be a good example to the under level.

Bibliography:

Harrington, Donald J. September 28, 1982.DIY Drive Gearboxes in USA

Jason, David A. (Plymouth MI) May 7, 1985. Manual Transmission using chain and
planetary Gear Set. In South America

Shanghai Tongyu Educational Instrument Manufacturer Co. Ltd., May 16, 1998 in Japan

Kettlener, Karl- Hermann (Markdorf, DE), Fuessl, Andreas (Kessbronn, DE) and
Schepperle, Bernd (Constance DE), June 15, 2010

Ronald A. Rodrigues on June 3, 2008. Disc Power Electric motor-driven gearbox in


USA.
Electronic Source

http://buggies.builtforfun.com

http://www.sumobrain.com

http://au.alibaba.com

http://www.freepatentsonline.com

Survey Questionnaire

Dear Respondents:

This is study on “Four Speed Manual Transmission of Mock-up” the result of this
study will be incorporated into research file of MUST-JC.

In partial fulfilment for the course AMT-44 Project Design II.

Please answer the entire question as honestly accurately as possible. Rest


assured thus used responsive would be kept with most anonymity.

Thank You.

Respectfully Yours: The Researchers


Name: (Optional)

Year & Section:

Direction: Please answer appropriate column of your choice. The rating means the
following: (5) strongly agree, (4) agree, (3) undecided, (2) disagree and (1) strongly
disagree.

Table 1. Mean rating of the respondents in terms of Functionality.

Question 5 4 3 2 1
1. The mock-up clearly demonstrates the principle and
operation.
2. It teaches the theories and application clearly.
3. Makes the lesson more understandable and simple.
4. Explain the function parts in its system clearly.
5. Provides diagnostic tools in terms of tracing problems.

Table 2: Mean rating of the respondents in terms of Aesthetics.

Question 5 4 3 2 1
1. The mock-up has a unique design.
2. Parts and accessories of the mock-up are easily
located
3. The mock-up is safe to use even if it is driven by
A.C. Motor as an alternative power source
4. The arrangement of parts and accessories is
nice to look at.
5. Components are properly and safe in terms of
safety.

Table 3: Mean rating of the respondents in terms of Manipulability.

Question 5 4 3 2 1
1. it is easy to operate when doing diagnostic.
2. Parts and accessories are clearly located.
3. Easy to assemble and disassemble.