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BASIC GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

Largest – World Largest palace ..................... Imperial Palace, Beijing


Largest dam ........................... Three Gorges (China)
Largest continent ........................................... Asia Largest landmass ................ The Eurasian Landmass
Largest ocean ............................................... Pacific Largest park .. Wood Buffalo National Park (Canada)
Largest river .............................................. Amazon
Largest zoo ...... Krugal National Park (South Africa)
Largest river basin ..................................... Amazon
Largest river island ......................... Majuli (Assam)
Largest lake (salt water) ....................... Caspian sea
Largest inland sea ....................... Mediterranean sea
Largest lake (fresh water) .......... Lake Superior (North
Largest canal ........................ Keil Canal in Germany
America)
Largest reef ............... Great Barrier Reef, (Australia)
Largest artificial lake ..... Lake Mead at Hoover Dam,
Largest city (population) ................... Tokyo (Japan)
(USA). Originally known as Boulder.
Largest bay ................ Hudson Bay (North Canada) Largest estuary..................................... Ob (Russia)
Largest gulf ..................................... Gulf of Mexico Largest cave ........ Mammoth Cave, Kentucky (USA)
Largest gorge ........................ Grand Canyon (USA) Largest strait ........................................ Tartar strait
Largest sea .................................... South China sea Largest wall ......................... The Great Wall (China)
Largest delta ....... Sundarbans (India & Bangladesh) Largest cemetery ....................... Leningrad (Russia)
Largest peninsula ........................................ Arabia Largest railway station ......... Grand Central Terminal
Largest island ......................................... Greenland (New York)
Largest country (in area) .............................. Russia Largest university building .....................................
Largest country (in population) ...................... China University of Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
Largest temple` ................... Angkorwat (Cambodia) Largest open university ........ Indira Gandhi National
Largest archipelago ................................. Indonesia Open University (New Delhi)
Largest airport ... King Khalid International Airport at Largest steel plant .......... Nippon Steel plant (Japan)
Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) Largest wingspan .................................... Albatross
Largest church ................ St.Peter's Basilica, (Rome) Largest active volcano ............ Mauna lao on Hawaii
Largest planet ............................................. Jupiter
Largest mosque ...... Sha Faisal Mosque (Islamabad)
Largest bird ................................................. Ostrich
Largest embassy............ Russian Embassy (Beijing)
Largest sea bird ....................................... Albatross
Largest war plane .......................... Mirage (France)
Largest diamond ................................. The Cullinan
Largest prison ............................. Kharkov (Russia) Largest parliament . The National People's Congress
Largest hotel ........... MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, of the People's Republic of China
Las Vegas (USA) Largest north to south stretch of land ........ America
Largest desert .................................. Sahara (Africa) Largest cold desert ........................ Gobi (Mongolia)
Largest forest ........................ Coniferous Forests of Largest plateau ................................... Pamir (Tibet)
Northern Russia Largest mountain range ..................... The Himalaya
Largest stadium ................. Strahove (Czech Republic) Largest statue ............................... Statue of liberty
Largest library .... United States Library of Congress Largest bank .................... World bank (Washington)
Largest museum .................... American Museum of Mammoth Cave is the longest cave system
Natural History (New York) known in the world. It is situated in USA. It
Largest animal ....................................... Blue whale became a World Heritage Site on October 27,
Largest land animal ........... The African Bush Elephant 1981, and an international Biosphere Reserve on
Largest democracy ......................................... India September 26, 1990. It is centered around the
Largest electorate ........................................... India Green River, with a tributary, the Nolin River,
Largest town ......................... Mt. Isa (Queensland) feeding into the Green just inside the park.
Largest army.................................................. China HIGHEST – World
Largest cricket stadium ......... Melbourne (Australia)
Largest navy .................................................. USA Highest mountain peak - Mt. Everest (Nepal)
Largest airforce ............................................... USA Highest mountain - Himalaya
Largest natural satellite ............. Ganymede (Jupiter)
Largest port .......................................... New Jersey Highest lake - Titicaca (Bolivia)
Largest book publishing company .......................... Highest plateau - Tibet
Mc Graw Hill (New York) Highest continent - Antartica
Largest Dome in the World... Astrodome, in Housten
Highest waterfall - Angel Falls, (Venezuela)
(U.S.A)
Largest Epic ........................................ Mahabharat Highest active volcano - Guayathiri (Chile)
Largest carnivorous mammal ................... Polar Bear Highest capital city - La Paz (Bolivia)
Highest town - Wenchuan (Tibet)
SMALLEST – World
Highest volcano - Cotopaxy (Ecuador)
Smallest continent .................................... Australia
Smallest ocean .............................................. Arctic Highest airport - Lhasa Airport (Tibet)
Smallest republic ........................................... Nauru Highest railway station - Condor Station (Bolivia)
Smallest colony ......................................... Gibraltar Highest river bridge - Royal Gorge (Colorado)
Smallest state .............................................. Vatican Highest road bridge - Bailey bridge built by the
Smallest landmass ............... The Australian Mainland Indian Army at
Smallest bird ..................................... Humming bird
Smallest flowering plant ................................ Wolfia Khardungla (Ladakh)
Smallest planet .......................................... Mercury Highest railway - Qinghai - Tibet (5072m)
World's Smallest Museum .................... Arizona, US Highest Bridge - Milau (France) 2.46 km)
World's Smallest PC ............................. Space Cube
LONGEST – World
Abu Dhabi’s leaning Tower Longest river - Nile (Egypt)
Longest road - Pan American Highway
The 160 met re Longest railway platform - Kharagpur, (West Ben-
Capital Gate gal)
Tower, developed Longest dam - Hirakud (Orissa)
by the Abu Dhabi Longest mountain range - Andes (South America)
Longest railway tunnel - Seikan Rail Tunnel (Ja-
National Exhibition pan)
Co mpany has Longest railway line - Trans-Siberian Railway
been recognized as (Russia)
the ‘furthest leaning Longest ship canal - Suez Canal
‘man made Longest estuary - Obeestuary (Russia)
Longest road tunnel - St. Gothard Road Tunnel
tower’in the world (Switzerland)
by Guinness world Longest bridge - Second Lake Pontchar-
records. The tower train Causeway
leans at 18 degrees
over four times the Reliant Astrodome is the world's first domed
angle of Italy’s fa- sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas, USA.
It opened in 1965 as Harris County Domed
mo us Leaning
Stadium and was nicknamed the
Tower of Pisa. "Eighth Wonder of the World".
Longest fresh water lake - Lake Tanganyika Biggest reptile ......................... Saltwater Crocodile
Longest epic - Mahabharatha Biggest lizard .............................. Komodo Dragons
Longest wall - Great Wall of China Biggest bird ................................... African Ostrich
Longest non-stop train - Flying Scotsman Biggest eggs ..................................... Ostrich Eggs
Longest drought - Atacama Desert (North Biggest flower ......................................... Rafflesia.
Chile)
The Ostrich, Struthio camelus, is a large flightless
Longest snake - Python bird native to Africa. The Ostrich is the
Longest dictionary - Oxford English Dictionary largest living species of bird
Longest Airport - Dallas (USA)
Biggest planet ............................................ Jupiter
Longest Railway Bridge – Lower Zambezi (Africa)
Biggest passenger ship .............. Queen Elizebeth II
Longest Throughfare – Broadway (New York) Biggest diamond mine ...... Kimberley (South Africa)
Longest Shipping Canal – Baltic White Sea Canal Biggest car manufacturer ............... General Motors
Longest day – June 21 (Detroit, America)
Longest Beach – Rio de Janerio (Brazil) Irrigation scheme .............. Llyod barraye (Pakistan)
Longest Corridor – Rameswaram Temple Island .......... Greenland (Renamed Kalaallit Nunnat)
(India) Water fall .......................................... Guaira (Brazil)
Longest Railway Line – Trans - Siberian Railway Hotel ............................................... Conrad Hilton
Longest Swimming Canal – English Canal Biggest Park ................. Yellow stone National Park
Biggest Auditorium .............. Municipal Auditorium
at Atlantic City
TALLEST – World
Biggest football stadium ............. Marakana (Brazil)
Tallest fountain ................... Fountain Hills, Arizona
Tallest free standing structure (tower) .... CN Tower,
DEEPEST – World
Toronto (Canada) Deepest ocean ................................... Pacific Ocean
Tallest active geyser ................. Steam boat Geyser Deepest lake ........................... Lake Baikal, (Siberia)
Yellowstone National Park, (USA) Deepest gorge ....................... Hell’s Canyon, (USA)
Tallest building ..................... Burj Khalifa in Dubai. Deepest point in the ocean ........ Challenger deep of
Tallest tree ................................ The Redwood Tree Mariana Trench in Pacific Ocean
Tallest animal ............................................... Giraffe
Tallest road.... Khardungla Pass (Leh Manali, India) MISCELLANEOUS – World
Tallest office building .............. Petronas Twin Tower Fastest land animal .................................... Cheetah
(Kualalumpur, Malaysia) Oldest national flag ................................... Denmark
Tallest bridge ...... Royal Gorge Arkansas, America) Fastest bird .................................................... Swift
Tallest Statue ........... Statue of Motherland (USSR) Shortest river ........ Roe river in Montana (61 m long)
Tallest Minaret ...... Sultan Hassan Mosque (Egypt) Lowest point on earth .............................. Dead Sea
Tallest Railwayline .......... Quin - Hai - Tibet (China) Most densely populated province ............ Monacco
BIGGEST –World Least populous city ..................................... Vatican
The oldest plant ............................................. Rose
Biggest dome ........................... Gol Gumbaz (India) The oldest capital city............................. Damascus
Gol Gumbaz is the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Most poisonous fish .............................. Puffer fish
Shah (1627-55) of the Adil Shahi dynasty who ruled Coldest place ............................ Vostok,(Antarctica)
the Sultanate of Bijapur from 1490 to 1686. Hottest planet ............................................... Venus
Strongest natural fibre ...................................... Silk
Biggest library .................. National Kie Library (CIS)
Biggest palace .................................. Vatican (Italy) Lowest temperature ............. Absolute Zero (-273oC)
Biggest desert ................................ Sahara (Africa) Widest Bridge..................... Sydney Harbour Bridge
Busiest airport Chicago O'Hare International Airport
Island continents ............... Antarctica and Australia Slowest animal ................................................ Snail
Lowest mountains ........................... Bheinna Bhaile Heaviest Rainfall ....................... Mawsynram (India)
Hottest region .... North-West Sahara, Azisia (Libya) Driest place ....................... Death valley (California)
Fastest planet ............................................ Mercury Hottest place ..................................... Azizia (Libya)
Coldest planet ........................................... Neptune Furthest planet (from the sun) .................... Neptune
Widest Waterfall .................................. Khone Falls Shortest day ....................................... December 22
Oldest Religion ........................................ Hinduism

FIRST in World
 The first persons to reach Mount Everest –  The first country to send man to the moon
– Sherpa Tenzing, Edmund Hillary – U.S.A
 The first person to reach North Pole  The first country to launch Artificial satellite in
– Robert Peary the space – Russia
 The first person to reach South Pole  The first country to host the modern Olympics
– Amundsen – Greece
 The first religion of the world – Hinduism  First human in space - Yuri Gagarin (Russia)
 The first country to print book – China  The first city on which the atom bomb was
 The first country to issue paper currency – dropped – Hiroshima (Japan)
China  The first person to land on the moon Neil
 The first country to commence competitive Armstrong followed by
examination in civil services – China – Edwin E. Aldrin
 The first President of the U.S.A  The first shuttle to go in space – Columbia
– George Washington  The first spacecraft to reach on Mars – Viking-I
 The first Prime Minister of Britain – Robert  The first woman Prime Minister of England
Walpole
– Margaret Thatcher
 The first Governor General of the United Nations
 The first Muslim Prime Minister of a country
– Trigveli (Norway)
– Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan)
 The first country to prepare a constitution –
U.S.A  The first woman to climb Mount Everest
 The first Governor General of Pakistan – Mrs. Junko Tabei (Japan)
– Mohd. Ali Jinnah  The first woman cosmonaut of the world
 The first country to host NAM summit – Valentina Tereshkova (Russia)
– Belgrade (Yugoslavia)  The first woman President of the U.N. General
 The first European to attack India Assembly
– Alexander, The Great – Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
 The first European to reach China  The first batsman to score three test century in
three successive tests on debut
– Marco Polo
– Mohd. Azharuddin
 The first person to fly aeroplane
 The first man to have climbed Mount Everest
– Wright Brothers
twice
 The first person to sail round the world
– Nawang Gombu
– Magellan
 The first U.S. President to resign Presidency  China's first man in space
– Richard Nixon – Yang Liwei
 Chinese Traveller to India – Fahein  The first Muslim woman to receive Nobel Prize
 Foreign Invader to India – Alexander the Great – Shirin Ebadi (Nobel Peace Prize 2003)
 Person in Space – Yuri Gagarin  The woman with the highest individual Test
 Person on Moon – Neil Armstrong score making a new world record
 The first woman to climb Mount Everest – Junko – Kiran Baloch (Pakistani cricketer, scoring 242
Taibei runs playing women's cricket test against West
Indies in Karachi in March, 2004)
 The first European to visit China – Marco Polo
 The first woman of the world to climb Mt.
 Man to walk in Space – Alexei Leonov Everest four times
 The first woman Prime Minister of a country – Lakpa Sherpa (Nepali)
– Mrs. Srimavo Bhandarnaike  The first woman to cross seven important seas
 The first woman President of a country of the world by swimming
– Maria Estela Peron – Bula Chaudhury (India)
 The first woman to Command a Space Mission  First Asian city to host Olympics
Colonel – Tokyo, Japan (1964)
– Eileen Collins (U.S.A.)  First woman black tennis player to win a singles
 First talkie movie in the world – “The jazz title at Wimbledon
Singer” (1927). – A Gibson (1957)
 The first residents of International Space station  First woman to win a Grand Slam
– Bill Shepherd (USA), Yuri Gidzanko and Sergei – Maureen Catherine (195 3)
Krikalev (Russia)  First woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal
 The first blind man to scale Mt. Everest – Charlotte Cooper, UK, Tennis singles (1900)
 First professional woman bullfighter
– Erik Weihenmayer (USA, May 25, 2001)
– Patricia Mccormick (1952)
 The first Muslim woman to become the Secretary
 First man to fly solo non stop across the Atlantic
General of Amnesty International
– Charles Lindbergh (1927)
– lrine Zubeida Khan
 First person to cross Antarctic Circle
 The first space astronaut to go into space seven
– James Cook (1773)
times till date
 First people to reach the North Pole
– Jerry Ross (U.S.A.) – Lt Col. Joseph O. Fletcher and
 The first South African to become the second Lt. William P. Benedict (1952)
space tourist  First person to conquer the Everest twice
– Mark Shuttleworth – Nawang Gombu Sherpa(1965)
 The first woman Prime Minister of South Korea  First person with only one arm to climb the
– Ms. Chang Sang Everest
 The first youngest grandmaster of the world in – American Gary Guller(2003)
chess  First woman to fly solo around the world
– Sergey Karjakin (Ukraine) – jerrie Fredritz Mock.(1964)
 The first adventurer flying successfully across  First woman to fly solo across the English
the English Channel without aircraft Channel
– Felix Baumgartner (July 2003) – Hariiet Quimby
 First ascent of Everest without bottled oxygen RIVERSIDE CITIES &
– Peter Habeler (Austria) and Reinhold
Messner, (Italy) (1978) COUNTRIES
 First woman to set foot on North Pole City River Country
– Ann Bancroft, USA (1986)
 Alexandria Nile Egypt
– Jointly developed by Sony and Philips (1978)
 Brussels Seine Belgium
 First Atom Bomb  Chittagong Karnaphuli Bangladesh
– “Little Boy” dropped over Hiroshima by the  Glasgow Clyde Scotland
US during the second world war (1945)  Khartoum Nile Sudan
 First manned space vehicle  Lisbon Tagus Portugal
– Vostok 1,USSR (1961)  Liverpool Mersey England
 Shanghai Yangtze-Kiang China
 First human to walk on the Moon
 Berlin Spree Germany
– Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11(1969)  Bonn Rhine Germany
 First human to walk in space  Amsterdam Amsel Netherlands
– Alexei Arkhovich Leonov (1965)  Baghdad Tigris Iraq
 Bangkok Menam Thailand
GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES  Belgrade Danube Serbia
DISCOVERER DISCOVERY  London Thames England
Christopher Columbus (Italian)................... America  Montreal Ottawa Canada
 Moscow Moskva Russia
Vasco da Gama (Portuguese) ...... Sea route to India
 Budapest Danube Hungary
John Cabot (British) ....................... New foundland  Colombo Kaliganga Sri Lanka
Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese) ................. Brazil  Cairo Nile Egypt
 Karachi Indus Pakistan
Tasman (Dutch) Island of Tasmania & New Zealand
 Lahore Ravi Pakistan
Captian Cook (British) . Sandwich (Hawaiin) Islands  New York Hudson USA
Robert Peary (USA) ............................... North Pole  Paris Seine France
Amundsun (Norway) ............................. South Pole  Yangoon Irawadi Myanmar
 Rome Tiber Italy
Ferdinand de Lesseps (Designed) .......... Suez Canal  Tokyo Sumida Japan
David Livingstone (British) ................ Victoria Falls  Vienna Danube Austria
Bartholomew Diaz (Portuguese) ....... Cape of Good Hope  Warsaw Vistula Poland
 Washington Potamac U.S.A.
Norseman Eric ........................................... Greenland
 Basra Eupharates
Leif Ericsson ....................................... North America and Tigris Iraq
Mungo park ............................... Nigeria river in Africa  Bristol Avon England
 Cologne Rhine Germany
Richard Francis Burton ..................... Lake Tanganyika
 Dublin Liphi Ireland
Henry Hudson ....................................... Hudson Bay  Hamburg Elbe Germany
Gobot Sebastian ................................ New Foundland  Philadelphia Delawara America
Marco Polo ..................................................... China  Prague Vitava Czechoslovakia
 Quebec St. Lawrence Canada
Kepler .......................................................... Planets  Stalingrad Volga Russia
NATIONAL EMBLEMS Eternal City : Rome, Italy
EMBLEM ............................................. COUNTRY Forbidden City : Lhasa, Tibet
Kangaroo ................................................ Australia Gateway of Tears : Strait of Bab-el
Water Lilly .......................................... Bangladesh Mandeb
White Lilly ........................................ Canada, Italy Garden of England : Kent
Beach ....................................................... Denmark George Cross Island : Malta
Lily ............................................................. France Granite City : Aberdeen
Corn Flower ............................................. Germany (Scotland)
Lioned Capital ................................................ India Herring Pond : Atlantic Ocean
Lion ..................................... Sri lanka, Sierra Leone Hill Queen : Shimla
Rose ......................................................... UK, Iran Holy Land : Palestine
Shamrock .................................................... Ireland Hermit Kingdom : Korea
White Lilly ...................................................... Italy Island of Pearls : Bahrain
Chrysanthemum ............................................ Japan Island of Cloves : Madagascar
Kiwi .................................................. New Zealand
Key to the Mediterranean : Gibraltar
Crescent .................................................... Pakistan
Land of Eagles : Albania
Eagle ............................................................. Spain
Elephant .............................................. Ivory Coast Land of Golden Fleece : Australia
Lion with Crown .................................. Luxembourg Land of Kangaroo : Australia
Golden Rod ................................................... U.S.A Land of Lilies : Canada
Secretary Bird............................................... Sudan Land of Golden Pagoda : Myanmar
Bauhinia (orchid tree) .......................... Hong Kong Land of Maple : Canada
Baobab tree ................................................ Senegal Land of Thousand Lakes : Finland
Lion .......................... Netherland, Norway, Belgium Land of Morning Calm : Korea
Crescent and Star ........................................ Turkey Land of Rising Sun : Japan
Cedar tree ................................................ Lebanon Land of Setting Sun : Britain
The Soyombo.......................................... Mongolia Land of Midnight Sun : Norway
Land of Lakes : Scotland
SOBRIQUETS Land of the Tulips : Netherlands
World Land of White Elephant : Thailand
Britain of the East : Japan Land of Thunder Bolt : Bhutan
Britain of the South : New Zealand Land of Thousand Elephants : Laos
Battle field of Europe : Belgium Manchester of the Orient : Osaka
City of Cycles : Beijing Never, Never Land : Prairies,
City of Dreaming Spires : Oxford N. Australia
City of Eternal Springs : Quito (Ecuador) Land of Thunder Dragon : China
City of Sky Scrappers : NewYork Nation of Thousand Hills : Rwanda
City of Magnificent Distances : Washington D.C Pearl of Arabia : Bahrain
City of Golden Gate : San Francisco Pearl of Antilles : Cuba
(U.S.A) Pillars of Hercules : Strait of Gibraltar
City of Seven Hills : Rome (Italy) Playground of Europe : Switzerland
Cockpit of Europe : Belgium Quaker City of USA : Philadelphia,USA
Copper Country : Zambia Queen of the Adriatic : Venice, Italy
Dark Continent : Africa Roof of the World : Pamirs
Empire City : NewYork (U.S.A) Sorrow of China : River Huang Ho
Emerald Island : Ireland Sickman of Europe : Turkey
Sugar Bowl of World : Cuba Myanmar ..................................................... : Kyat
Venice of the North : Stockholm, Russia ...................................................... : Rouble
Sweden Saudi Arabia ................................................ : Riyal
White City : Belgrade Vietnam ...................................................... : Dong
Windy City : Chicago Mongolia .................................................. : Tugrik
World’s Bread Basket : Paris of N. America Algeria ............................................. Algeria Dinar
Island of fire : Iceland Angola .............................................. New Kwanza
Land of windmills : Polland Armenia ........................................................ Dram
Land of Perpetual Greenary : Natal Azerbaijan ................................................... Manat
World Loneliest island : Tristanda Cunha Austria .................................................... Schilling
Bahrain ........................................................ Dinar
COUNTRIES AND CURRENCIES Georgia ........................................................... Lari
Brazil ................................................ :Cruzeiro Real Ghana ............................................................ Cedi
Bulgaria ......................................................... : Lev Indonesia ................................................... Rupiah
Belgium ......................................................... Euro 16 European Countries with Eura as currency are:
China ........................................... : Yuan/Renminbi Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany,
Columbia ..................................................... : Peso Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the
Cuba ........................................................... : Peso Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Costa Rica ................................................... Colon
Croatia ......................................................... Kuna COUNTRIES AND THEIR
Cyprus ........................................... Cyprus pound PARLIAMENT
Czech Republic .......................................... Koruna Afganistan : Shora
Denmark .................................................... : Krone
Australia : Federal Parliament
Egypt ......................................... : Egyptian Pound
Bangladesh : Jatiya Sangsad
Afghanistan ........................................... : Afghani
Bhutan : Tshogdu (National Assembly)
Argentina .................................................... : Peso
Britain : Parliament (Commons & Lords)
Australia ................................... : Australian Dollar
China : National People’s Congress
Bahrain ....................................................... : Dinar
Bangladesh .................................................. : Taka Denmark : Folketing
Bhutan ................................................. : Ngultrum France : National Assembly
Hungary ..................................................... : Forint Hungary : National Assembly
Iran .............................................................. : Rial Iceland : Althing
Switzerland....................................... : Swiss Franc India : Parliament (Lok Sabha & Rajya
Thailand ....................................................... : Bhat Sabha)
U.K. ............................................. : Pound Sterling Iran : Majlis
U.S.A. ........................................................ : Dollar Iraq : National Assembly
Norway ....................................................... Krone Israel : Knesset
Vatican City State .......................................... : Lira Japan : Diet
Iraq .................................................... : Iraqi Dinar Kuwait : National Assembly
Israel ......................................................... : Shekel Libya : General People’s Congress
Japan ............................................................ : Yen Maldives : Majlis
Kazakhstan ............................................... : Tenge Myanmar : People’s Assembly
Korea .......................................................... : Won Nepal : National Panchayat
Kuwait ........................................... : Kuwaiti Dinar Netherlands : States General
Malaysia ................................................. : Ringgit Poland : Sejm
Mexico ........................................................ : Peso Russia : State Duma
South Africa : House of Assembly Burkino Faso ...................................... Upper Volta
Sweden : Riksdag Cape Kennedy.............................. Cape Caneveral
Switzerland : Federal Assembly Cambodia ........................................... Kampuchia
Germany : Bundestag Djibouti .................................... French Somaliland
Afganistan : Shora Ethiopia ................................................ Abyssinia
Algeria : National Peoples Assembly Ghana ................................................. Gold Coast
Australia : House of representative of senate Guyana ........................................... British Guinia
Cuba : National Assembly of people power Guianea Bissau ...................... Portuguese Gayana.
Egypt : People’s Assembly Harare .................................................. Salisburry
Greenland : Landstraad Hawaiin Islands ......................... Sandwich Islands
Norway : Sterling Indonesia ............................ The Dutch East India
Pakistan : National Assembly Iran ............................................................ Persia
USA : Congress Iraq ................................................. Mesopotamia
Srilanka : National State Istanbul ........................................ Constantinople
Sudan : National Assembly Jakartha .................................................... Batavia
Syria : People Council Japan ....................................................... Nippon
USA: Congress Kinshasa ........................................... Leopoldville
Kiribati ............................................ Gilbert Island
Vietnam : National Assembly
Laos ........................................................ Lanxang
NEW AND OLD NAMES OF Lesotho............................................... Basitoland
Mexico ................................................ New Spain
PLACES, COUNTRIES
Malavi ................................................. Nyasaland
New Name ........................................... Old Name Mali ............................................... French Sudan
Ankara ..................................................... Angora Malaysia .................................................. Malaya
Banjail .................................................... Bathurst Malabo ............................................. Santa Isabet
Bengalooru........................................... Bangalore Madhya Pradesh ........................ Central Province
Beijing ....................................................... Peking Manchuria ........................................... Manchuko
Belize ......................................... British Honduras Myanmar .................................................... Burma
Bangladesh ..................................... East Pakistan Mosambique ......................... Potuguese East Africa
Botswana ..................................... Bechuana Land Mumbai ................................................... Bombay
Namibia .................................... South West Africa
National Flowers Nauru ........................................... Pleasant Island
Maple leaf Orissa ...................................................... Kalinga
............................
Canada ............... .................. ... ... ..... Lotus Papua New Guinea ...... Trust Territory of New Guinea
... ... ... ... ... ... ...
India ... .. Thistle
.............................. Portuguese ............................................. Lucitania
Scotland ............... .................. Pomegranate
...
Spain ..................... old Vatle Sri Lanka ................................................... Ceylon
... ... ... ... ... .......................... G sissa s
Australia ... . N ar St. Petersburg ....................................... Leningrad
........................
China .................. ... ... ... Su nflower Surinam .......................................... Dutch Gayana
ia ... ... ... ... ... ... ..................
Ru ss ater Lilly
.......................... W Taiwan ................................................... Formosa
Ba ngladesh ......... ................................. Lilly
...
France .................. ................... Corn Flower Tasmani .................................. Van Diemen’s Land
y. ... ... ... ... ... ... Thailand ....................................................... Siam
German Shamrock
... ... ... ... ... ... ...........................
Ireland nthemum Togo ..................................................... Togoland
............... Chrysa
Japan ..................... ................. Gol den Rose Tuvalu ...................................... The Ellice Islands
......
USA ..................... ... Rose
... ... ... ... ... ... .............................. Varanasi .................................................. Banares
UK ......
Volgograd ............................................. Stalingrad Largest exhibition ground - Pragati Maidan (New
Zaire ......................................................... Congo Delhi)
Zambia .................................... Northern Rhodesia Largest arch dam - Idukki dam (Kerala)
Largest library - National library
Zimbabwe.............................................. Rhodesia (Kolkata)
Largest aircraft carrier - INS Viraat
india Largest landing ship
Largest union territory
- INS Magrar
- Andaman Nicobar
Islands
HIGHEST Largest gurudwara - Golden Temple
(Amritsar)
Highest peak - Mt. K2 (Godwin Austin)
Largest residence - Rashtrapati Bhavan
Highest water falls - Jog falls (Karnataka) Largest river Barrage - Farakka Barrage
Highest gate way - Buland Darwaza Largest open university - Indira Gandhi Open
(Fathepur sikri) University (New Delhi)
Highest literacy among state - Kerala Largest Ocean Island - Middle Andaman
Highest tower - Qutabminar
LONGEST
Highest dam - Bhakra Dam (Punjab)
Highest multiple arch dam Longest Canal - Indira Gandhi canal
- Idukki (Kerala) Longest River - Ganga
Longest Tunnel - Kharbude
LARGEST
(Konkan Railway)
Largest populated city - Mumbai Longest Dam - Hirakud (Orissa)
Largest fresh water lake - Kolleru Longest National Highway- N.H. 7
(Andhra Pradesh) Longest Railway platform - Kharagpur (West
Largest salt water lake - Chilka (Orissa) Bengal)
Largest state - Rajasthan Longest Corridor - Rameswaram Temple
Largest populated state - Uttar Pradesh corridor
Largest museum - Indian museum (Kolkata) Longest Hanging bridge - Howra bridge
Largest zoo - Zoological Garden (Kolkata) Longest Train Service - Himasagar express
Largest dome - Gol Gumbaz (Karnataka)
Longest Bridge - Anna Indira(Rameswaram
Largest mosque - Jama Masjid (New Delhi)
to Mandap)
Largest desert - Thar (Rajasthan)
Longest Glacier - Siachen Glacier
Largest river Island - Majuli (Brahmaputra)
Longest River bridge - Mahatma Gandhi Sethu
Largest monastery - Tawang monastery
(Arunachal Pradesh) SMALLEST
Largest cave temple - Ellora (Maharashtra)
Smallest state (Area) - Goa
Largest animal fair - Sonepur fair (Bihar) Smallest state (population) - Sikkim
Largest plateau - Deccan plateau Smallest state (forest area) - Haryana
Largest river in South India - Godavari Smallest Union Territory - Lakshadweep
Largest prison - Puzhal Jail (Chennai)
Largest planetarium - Birla planetarium Miscellaneous (India)
(Kolkata)
Largest G.P.O - Mumbai G.P.O Biggest hotel .............. Oberoi - Sheraton (Mumbai)
Largest church - St. Cathedral (Old Goa) Highest statue ........................ Gomateswara Statue
Largest cinema theatre - Thangam Theatre
Highest award (civilian) ..................... Bharat Ratna Lake City : Udaipur
Highest Gallantry award ............... Param vir chakra Switzerland of India : Kashmir
Most literate state ........................................ Kerala Paradise on Earth : Kashmir
Least literate state .......................................... Bihar Mini-Switzerland in India : Khajjar (Himachal
Most densely populated state ............ West Bengal Pradesh)
Sorrow of Bengal : River Damodar
Least densely populated state ... Arunachal Pradesh
Sorrow of Bihar : River Kosi
Most populated city ................................. Mumbai Sorrow of Assam : Brahmaputra
Busiest bridge ............................. Howra (Calcutta) Spice Garden of India : Kerala
Oldest Refinery.............................. Digboi (Assam) Sugar Bowl of India : Uttar Pradesh
Most literate Union Territory............. Lakshadweep Tea Garden of India : Assam
Fastest Train ............................... Shatabdi express Detroit of India : Pitampur
Least populated Union Territory........ Lakshadweep Land of Sunrise in India : Arunachal
Pradesh
SOBRIQUETS Hi-Tech City : Hyderabad
Manchester of South India : Coimbatore
India Manchestor of India : Ahamadabad
Mini Switzerland : Himachal Pradesh
All Seasons State : Himachal Pradesh
City of orange : Nagpur
Blue Mountains : Nilgiri
City of Palaces : Calcutta Weavers city of India : Panipat
City of Golden Temple : Amritsar Silicon vally of India : Banglore
Garden City of India : Bangalore Clouds of house : Megalaya
Gateway of India : Mumbai Gods own land of India : Kerala
Granary of India : Punjab City of Padala : Jaipur
Land of Five Rivers : Punjab Holly wood of India : Mumbai
Pearl of the Orient : Goa Silent Share : Hadakh
Pink City : Jaipur Perly East : Goa

PERSONS WITH POPULAR NAMES

WORLD Poet’s Poet : Edmund Spenser


Light of the world : Jesus Desert Fox : Erwin Rommel
Prince of Pilgrimage : Huien Tsang Lady with the Lamp : Florence Nightingale
The Wizard of Menlopark: Edison G.B.S : George Bernard Shaw
Rascal monk : Rasputin Little Corporal : Napoleon Bonaparte
Good Shepherd : Jesus Christ Maid of Orleans : Joan of Arc
Apostle of Free Trade : Richard Cobden Fuhrer (also Fuehrer) : Adolf Hitler
King of Rock & Roll : Elvis Presley Man of Blood and Iron : Otto von Bismarck
Columbus of Space : Neil Armstrong Maiden Queen : Queen Elizabeth I
Master of Suspense : Alfred Hitchcock Bard of Avon : William Shakespeare
Second Duke : Benitto Mussolini Grand Old Man of Britain : Gladstone
Iron Duke : Duke of Wellington American Gandhi : Martin Luther King
The Daughter of East : Benazir Bhutto Acharya : Vinobha Bhave
Iron Butterfly : Margaret Thatcher Sage of Paunar : Vinobha Bhave
Iron Lady : Margaret Thatcher Man of Peace : Lal Bahadur Shastri
African Gandhi : Dr. Kenneth Kaunda Babuji : Jagjeevan Ram
INDIA Little Master : Sunil Gavaskar
Flying Sikh : Milkha Singh
Prince of Beggars : Madan Mohan Malaviya
Mysore Tiger : Tippu Sultan
Bengali Tiger : Bipin Chandra Pal
Maratha Kesari : Bal Gangadhar Tilak Sage of Kanchi : Sankaracharya
Punjab Lion : Lala Lajpat Rai Saint of Gutters : Mother Theresa
Sage of Sabarmati : Mahatma Gandhi Man of the Masses : K. Kamaraj
Indian Machiavelli : Chanakya Golden Girl of Indian Athletics: P.T. Usha
Indian Napoleon : Samudragupta
Leopard of the Snow : Ang Rita Anna : C.N. Annadurai
Indian Bismarck : Sardar Vallabhai Patel Akbar of Kashmir : Zian-ul-Abideen
Light of Asia : Buddha Kuvembu : K.V. Puttappa
Lokmanya : Bal Gangadhar Tilak Rani of Jhansi : Lakshmibai
Loknayak : Jayaprakash Narayan
Shahid : Bhagat Singh
J.P : Jayaprakash Narayan
C.R. : C. Rajagopalachari Kathal Mannan : Gemini Ganesan
Rajaji : C. Rajagopalachari Natikar Tilakam : Sivaji Ganesan
Deenabandhu : C.F. Andrews Chachaji : Jawaharlal Nehru
Deshabandhu : C.R. Das
Sher-e-Punjab : Ranjit Singh
Grand Old Man of India : Dadabhai Naoroji
Mahamana : Madan Mohan Punjab Kesari : Lala Lajpat Rai
Malaviya Milkman of India : Varghese Kurian
Mahatma : Gandhiji
Bapu : Gandhiji KERALA
Gurudev : Rabindranath Tagore
Guruji : Golwalkar Bharat Kesari : Mannathu Padmanabhan
Iron Lady of India : Indira Gandhi Beypore Sultan : Vaikam Mohammed Bashir
Priyadarshini : Indira Gandhi Mayyazhi Gandhi : K.P. Kumaran Master
Barefooted painter : M.F. Hussain Kerala Simham : Pazhassi Raja
Kipper : K.M. Cariappa Swadeshabhimani : Ramakrishna Pillai
Indian Shakespeare : Kalidasa Pulayaraja : Ayyankali
Badshah Khan : KhanAbdul Ghaffar Khan
Valiya Diwanji : Raja Keshavadas
Frontier Gandhi : KhanAbdul Ghaffar Khan
Kerala Kalidasa : Kerala Varma Valiya
Faker-e-Afghan : KhanAbdul Ghaffar Khan Koyithampuran
Netaji : Subash Chandra Bose Kerala Panini : A.R. Rajaraja Varma
Prince of Patriots : Subash Chandra Bose Kerala Vyasa : Kodungalloor
Birdman of India : Salim Ali Kunhikuttan Thampuran
Nightingale of India : Sarojini Naidu Kerala Chaucer : Chiramakavi
Lion of Kashmir : Sheikh Mohammed Kerala Orphuse : Changampuzha Krishna
T.T.K. : T.T. Krishnamachari Pillai
Andhra Kesari : Tangutri Prakasam Kerala Gandhi : K. Kelappan
Grand Old Man of Indian- KeralaValmiki : Vallathol Narayana Menon
Journalism : Tushar Kanti Ghosh Kerala Scott : C.V. Raman Pillai
Kerala Ibsen : N. Krishna Pillai INDIA
Kerala Mauppasant : Thakazhi Sivasankara
Pillai Father of the Nation ................... Mahatma Gandhi
Kerala Thulasidas : Vennikulam Gopala Kurup Father of Ayurveda ................................ Athreya
Kerala Hemmingway : M.T. Vasudevan Nair Father of Astronomy....................... Varahamihira
Kesari : A. Balakrishna Pillai Father of Sanskrit Drama ....................... Kalidasa
Deshabhimani : Ramakrishna Pillai Father of Indian Renaissance . Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Sahitya Panchanan : P.K. Narayana Pillai Father of Surgery.................................... Susruta
Father of Indian Unrest ............ .Bal Gangadhar Tilak
FAMOUS FATHERS Father of Indian Budget ........ Professor Mahalanobis
Father of Indian Painting ............... Nandalal Bose
World Father of Indian Cinema .............. Dada Saheb Phalke
Father of Psychology.................. Sigmund Freud Father of Indian Engineering ............ M.Visweswariah
Father of Cloning ............................... Ian Wilmut Father of Indian Green Revolution ..........................
Father of Printing .............................. Guttenberg Dr. M.S. Swaminathan
Father of History ............................... Herodotus Father of Indian Railway ............. Lord Dalhousie
Father of Economics ........................ Adam Smith Father of Co-operative Movement in India ..........
Father of Philosophy ............................ Socrates Frederic Nicholson
Father of Indian Printing ................ James Hickey
Father of Sociology ................. Augustus Comte
Father of Local Self Government in India ... Lord Ripon
Father of English Poetry .......... Geoffrey Chaucer
Father of Biology.................................. Aristotle KERALA
Father of Essay................................. Montaigne
Father of Medicine .......................... Hippocrates Father of Malayalam Language ........ Ezhuthachan
Father of Modern Travancore ... Marthanda Varma
Father of Homeopathy .............. Samuel Haniman
Father of Kerala Renaissance .... Sree Narayana Guru
Father of Socialism ......................... Robert Owen
Father of Modern Hinduism .. Adi Shankaracharya
Father of Scientific Socialism ................. Karl Marx
Father of Co-operation ................... Robert Owen
WORLD INSTITUTIONS AND
Father of Jurisprudence .................. John Locke
Father of Atom Bomb .......................... Otto Hahn THEIR FOUNDERS
Father of Genetics ........................ Gregor Mendel United Nations : Joseph Stalin (USSR),
Father of Motor Car ......................... Henry Ford Winston Churchill (UK)
Father of Reformation ................... Martin Luther and Franklin Delano
Roosevelt (USA)
Father of Greek Democracy .............. Clesthenes
Red Cross : Jean-Henri Dunant
Father of Bangladesh . Sheikh Mujibur Rehman
Boy Scouts : Baden Powell
Father of Pakistan ............. Muhammed Ali Jinnah Y.M.C.A. : Sir George Williams
Father of Tanzania ......................... Julius Nyrere Kindergarten : Froebel
Father of Mathematics ...................... Pythagorus Lion’s Club : Melvin John
Father of Modern Cartoon ........ William Hogarth Salvation Army : William Booth
Father of Modern Computer .......... Charles Babbage Nursing System : Florence Nightingale
Father of Nuclear Physics ...... : Ernest Rutherford Fascism : Benito Mussolini
Father of Modern Drama ............. Henrik J. Ibsen Protestant Religion : Martin Luther
Father of Modern Tourism ............ Thomas Cook Nazism : Adolf Hitler
Father of Painting .................. Leonardo Da Vinci Montessori System : Maria Montessori
Father of Green Revolution ........ Norman Borlaug Cubism : Pablo Picasso
Father of Renaissance ............................ Petrarch Amnesty International : Peter Berenson
India Arunachal Pradesh ................................. A palamis
Jainism : Vardhamana Mahavira Tamil Nadu .............................................. Badagas
Taoism : Lao Tse Uttar Pradesh ............................................ Bhotias
Bahaism : Mirza Hussain Ali Hazaribagh .................................................. Birhor
Confucianism : Confucius Himachal Pradesh ....................................... Gaddis
Sikhism : Guru Nanak Orissa ...................................................... Khonds
Zorastrianism (Parsis) : Zoraster
Madhya Pradesh ............................................. Kol
Bhoodan Movement : Vinoba Bhave
Manipur ........................................................ Kuki
Sarvodaya Movement : Jaya Prakash Narayan
Ramakrishna Mission : Swami Vivekananda Sikkim ........................................................ Labora
Arya Samaj : Dayananda Saraswathi Tripura ...................................................... Lushais
Brahma Samaj : Raja Ram Mohan Roy Bihar ......................................................... Munda
Dev Samaj : Siva Narayan Agnihothri Kerala ........................................................ Ooralis
Prarthana Samaj : Kesab Chandra Sen Maharashtra .............................................. Warlies
Suddhi Movement : Swami Shradhanand
Chinmaya Mission : Swami Chinmayananda
SIGNS AND SYMBOLS
Servants of India Society: Gopalakrishna Gokhale  Red crystal flag : Red Cross
Indian Association : Surendranath Banerji  Black Flag : Protest
Peoples Education Society : Dr. B.R.Ambedkar  Yellow flag : Put on ship carrying people
Vana Mahothsav : K.M. Munshi with infectious disease
Theosophical Society of India : Annie Besant  Dove : Peace
 Olive branch : Peace
MANKIND AND VARIOUS  Red Flag : Revolution
TRIBES  Red triangle : Family planning
Mongolians living in Assam regions ........ Abhors  White Flag : Peace
The Dutch born in South Africa ............ Afrikaners  Maharaja : Air India
The people of England ...................... Anglo Saxon  Lotus : Culture and Civilization
Ancient Dravidians living in central India and  Wheel : Progress
Rajastan ........................................................ Bhils  Red Cross : Hospital / Medical Service
Dutch settlers in South Africa ....................... Boers  Black band arm : Sign of Mourning, in
People of Croatia, Slovenia .......................... Croats Protest
People in south east frontiers of Russia .. Cossacks  Blind folded woman : Justice
Inhabitants of Greenland and of Arctic regions... Eski- holding a Balance Scale
mos  Flag at a half most : National Mourning
Natives of the Philippine Islands ............. Flemings  Flag up side down :Distress
Hill tribes of Assam ........................ Khasis / Garos
People of W.Asia. (Turkey, Iran and Iraq) ... Kurds
Natives of New Zealand ............................. Maoris
Short sized people found in the forests of Africa ....
OFFICIAL BOOKS
.. Pygmies  Blue Book : British
Original inhabitants of North America . Red Indians
 Green Book : Italy & France
Aborigines of West Bengal, Bihar & Orissa.... ...........
Santhals  Orange Book : Netherlands
Natives of Nilgiri Hills (South India) ............. Todas  White Book : Germany & China
People of South Africa living in certain parts of Natal  White Paper : India
Zulus  Gray Book : Japan & Belgium
The people of Nagaland ............................. Angami
INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES
Air Brake ........................... George Westinghouse Diesel Oil Engine ............................ Rudolf Diesel
Aniline Dyes .......................................... Hoffman Discovery of Solar System ...... Copernicus (1540)
Adding Machine ............................. Balise Pascal Discovery of Specific Gravity ........... Archimedes
Aeroplane ................................. : Wright Brothers Electric Battery ............................................. Volta
Air Conditioner ....................................... : Carrier Electric Lamp ............................................ Edison
Atom Bomb ....................................... : Otto Hahn Electricity ................................................ Faraday
Aspirin .................................................... : Dreser Electron Theory ........................................... Bohr
Alcohol Thermometer .......................... : Farenheit Electrical Waves .......................................... Heitz
Atomic Thermometer .................................. : Bohr Electric Measurement ................................. Gauss
Atomic Theory ........................................ : Dalton DDT ........................................... : Dr. Paul Muller
Atomic Number ....................................... Mosley Electron ....................................... : J.J. Thompson
Atomic Structure ................. Bohr and Rutherford Electric Lamp ..................... : Thomas Alva Edison
Automobile ............................................ : Daimler Elevator .......................................... : Elisha G Otis
Antiseptic Surgery .................. Lord Joseph Lister Fountain Pen ...................................... : Waterman
Archimedean Screw .......................... Archimedies Fahrenheit Scale ................................. Fahrenheit
Avogadro's Hypothesis ........................ Avogadro Film & Photographic goods ....................... Kodak
Ball Pen ..................................................... : Loud Glider .......................................... : George Cayley
Balloon ......................................... : Montogolfier Generator ............................................. : Piciontti
Blood Circulation ................................... : Harvey Gramaphone ...................... : Thomas Alva Edison
Barometer ............................................ : Torricelli Gun Powder .................................. : Roger Bacon
Bicycle ............................................. : Mac Millan Geometry.................................................... Euclid
Braily System ................................. : Louis Braille Hydrogen .......................................... : Cavendish
Beri - Beri ................................................ Eijkman Helicopter .............................................. Broquett
Blood Circulation ..................................... Harvey Helium Gas .............................................. Lockyer
Boson ................................................... S.N.Bose Homoeopathy .................................. Hahnemann
Boyle's law ................................................. Boyle Hovercraft ............................................... Cockrell
Braille ............................................... Louis Braille Hydrophobia .................................. Louis Pasteur
Computer ................................ : Charles Babbage Jet Engine ............................... : Sir Frank Whittle
Chloroform ...................... : James Young Simpson Intelligence Tests ...................................... : Binet
Cinema .................................... : Lumiere Brothers Insulin ................................................ : F. Banting
Cinema Projector ............... : Thomas Alva Edison Induction of Electric Current .................... Faraday
Crescograph ........................................ : J.C. Bose Incandescent Bulb ................................... Edison
Celluloid ................................................... Parkes Induction Coil ................................... Rohm Korff
Chloroform ............................ James Harrison and Insulin .................................................. F.Banting
James Young Simpson Intelligence test ........................................... Binet
Cholera Bacillus .................................. Robert Koch Jet Propulsion ................................ Frank Whittle
Coloured Photography ............................... Lippman Law of Gravitation ........................ : Issac Newton
Cosmic Rays ....................................... R.A.Millikan Law of Heredity.................................. : G. Mendal
Cyclotron ................................................. Lawrence Laser ..................................... : Theodore Maiman
Diesel Engine ............................... : Rudolf Diesel Lightning Conductor .............. : Benjamin Franklin
Dynamo ................................... : Michael Faraday Logarithm ....................................... : John Napier
Dynamite ........................................ : Alfred Nobel Laughing Gas ......................................... Priestley
Deuterium (Heavy Water) ...................... H.C.Urey Life Boat .................................. Henry Great Head
Lift (Elevators) .............................................. Otis Railway Engine ................................. Stephenson
Linotype ........................................ Mergenthaler Radio transmitter ............................ Alexanderson
Line of demarcation (ship) ....................... Plimsoll Rare Gas ............................................. Cavandish
Laws of Electrical Resistance ........................ Ohm Replacing human heart ............. Christian Barnard
Law of Electrolysis .................................. Faraday Revolver ....................................................... Colt
Law of gases ..................................... Gay Lussac Quantum Theory ................................. Max plank
Laws of Gravitation ................................. Newton Refrigerator ................................ : James Harrison
Laws of Heredity ........................ Gregory Mandel Safety Lamp ................................ Humphry Davy
Laws of Motion ....................................... Newton Safety Match .................................... Land Strom
Laws of Natural Selections ....................... Darwin Safety Pin ........................................ William Hunt
Laws of Multiple Proportion ...................... Dalton Safety Razor ............................................. Gillette
Liquid Oxygen ........................................... Dewar Sewing Machine ............... Barthelling Thimonnier
Machine Gun ...................... : Dr. Richard Gattling Short Hand................................................ Pitman
Maser ................................... : Charles H. Townes Solar System ..................................... Copernicus
Microphone .................................... : Graham Bell Steam Engine .................................... James Watt
Measurement of Electrical Energy............... Joule, Steam Turbine ......................................... Parsons
James Prescoft Spectroscope .......................................... Bunsen
Meson .......................................... Hideki Yakawa Stethoscope .................................. Rene Laennee
Microscope ................................................ Janes Submarine ................................... David Bushnell
Molecular Scattering of light in fluid . Ramanathan Seismograph ................................ Roberts Mallet
Neon Gas ................................... Ramsay, Travers Sextant ..................................................... Hadley
Neutron ................................................ Chadwick Steam boat ................................................ Fulton
Nuclear Fission .......... Otto Hahn, Bohr and Fermi Submarine ............................................. Bushwell
Nylon Plastic ........................................ Carothers Talkies ............................................. Lee-de-Frost
Oxygen ............................................ : J.B.Preistly Tank ....................................................... Swinton
Origin of Species .......................... Charles Darwin Telegraphy .. William F.Cooke & Charles Wheatstone
Parachute ..................................... : A.J. Garnerian Telegraph Code ......................................... Morse
Pencillin ................................ : Alexander Fleming Telephone ......................... Alexander Graham Bell
Photography (Film) ........................ : John Carbutt Telescope.................................................. Galileo
Periodic Law....................................... Mendeleef Television ............................................. J.L. Baird
Phonograph ............................................. Edison Thermosflask ............................................ Dewar
Phonographic Shorthand ........................... Pitman Transistor ........................... Shockly and Bardeen
Photograph ......................................... Dauguerre Typewriter ................................................. Sholes
Principle for lever (S.P.Gravity).......... Archimedes Theory of Evolution ..................... Charles Darwin
Phototherapy ..................................... N.R.Finsen Theory of Relativity ..................... Albert Einstein
Positive Electrons ................................. Anderson Uranium fusion .................................... Oho Hahn
Powerloom .......................................... Cartwright Uranus (Planet) ......................... Herschel William
Pneumatic Tyre ......................................... Dunlop Vaccination ............................................... Jenner
Printing for the Blind .................................. Braille Vaccum Flask ............................. Sir James Dewar
Printing Press ........................................... Caxton
Vulcanisation ...................................... Good Year
Printing Types ........................... John Guttenberg
Washing Soda ......................................... Lablanc
Psycho-analysis ...................... Dr.Sigmund Freud
Wireless Communication ................. Oliver Lodge
Rayon ...................................... : Sir Joseph Swan
Wireless Telegraphy .............................. Marcony
Radio-activity of Uranium .......... Henry Becquerel
Wireless ................................................. Marconi
Raman effect ....................................... C.V.Raman
Radium .......................................... Madame Curie X-ray............................................. W.C. Rontgen
FAMOUS LINES AND FRONTIERS
• Boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan: India): 20th Parallel
Durand Line • The border between USA and Canada: 49th Paral-
• Boundary between India and China: McMohan Line lel
• Line between India and Pakistan: Radcliff Line • The border between Germany and Poland: Oder
• Line between North and South Vietnam: 17th Par- Niesse Line
allel • Boundary between Germany and Poland :
• Line between North and South Korea: 38th parallel Hindenberg Line
• Border between France and Germany: Maginot Line • Boundary between Namibia and Angola : 16th Par-
allel
• The line which Pakistan claims to be the boundary
line between India and Pakistan (Not acceptable to
• Boundary between Russia and Finland : Mannar
Haime Line

WHERE THEY REST Saketham ................................................. Ayodhya


Place Person Purushapuram ......................................... Peshawar
Gandharam ............................................ Khandahar
Rajghat ........................................ Mahatma Gandhi
Avanthi ...................................................... Ujjayini
Santhivan ..................................... Jawaharlal Nehru
Chaithrabhoomi .............................. B. R. Ambedkar Kanyakubjam .............................................. Kanouj
Shakthisthal ...................................... Indira Gandhi Kamaroop ................................................... Assam
Ekthasthal .............................................. Zail Singh Devagiri ............................................. Doulathabad
Kisanghat ......................................... Charan Singh Kosalam ................................................... Faizabad
Veerbhoomi ........................................ Rajiv Gandhi Kanchi .............................................. Kanchipuram
Abhyaghat ........................................ Morarji Desai Vadodara ..................................................... Baroda
Narayanghat .................................. Gulzarilal Nanda Thiruvanchikkulam, Mahodayapuram ... Kodungallur
Samathasthal ...................................... Jagjivan Ram Madras ..................................................... Chennai
Vijayghat ................................... Lal Bahadur Shastri Calcutta ...................................................... Kolkata
Nigam Bodhghat .................................. Kishan Kant Bangalore ............................................. Bengalooru
Karmabhumi .................................. K. R. Narayanan
NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES
Shantivan ......................................... Sanjay Gandhi
Budha Purnima Park ..................... P. V. Narasimha Rao Started by Indians
 Young India, Harijan: Mahatma Gandhi
NEW AND OLD NAMES OF  National Herald: Jawaharlal Nehru
PLACES IN INDIA  Vande Matharam, Karma Yogi: Aurobindo Ghosh

Pondichery ........................................... Puthuchery  New India: Annie Besant


Indraprastham ................................................ Delhi  Voice of India: Dadabhai Naoroji
Magadham ..................................................... Bihar  Al-Hilal: Edited by Abdul Kalam Azad
Vangarangyam ............................................. Bengal  Kesari: Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Pataliputhram ................................................ Patna  Indian Opinion: Gandhiji
Kalingam ...................................................... Orissa  Kerala Kaumudi: K. Sukumaran
Kashi ........................................................ Banaras  Malayala Manorama: Kandathil Vargheese
Prayag ..................................................... Alahabad Mappila
Karnavathi ........................................ Ahemadabad  Mathrubhumi: K.P. Kesava Menon
RIVERSIDE CITIES & STATES (INDIA)
CITY RIVER STATE
Ayodhya .......................................................... Sarayu .................................................................... U.P
Badrinath ......................................................... Alaknanda ................................................ Uttarakhand
Kolkata ............................................................ Hoogly.......................................................... W. Bengal
Cuttack ............................................................ Mahanadi ............................................................ Orissa
Delhi ................................................................ Yamuna ................................................................ Delhi
Guwahati .......................................................... Brahmaputra ....................................................... Assam
Haridwar .......................................................... Ganges (Bhagirathi) ................................... Uttarakhand
Agra ................................................................ Yamuna ................................................................... U.P
Ahmedabad ...................................................... Sabarmati .......................................................... Gujarat
Surat ................................................................ Tapti ................................................................. Gujarat
Varanasi ........................................................... Ganges .................................................... Uttar Pradesh
Vijayawada ....................................................... Krishna ............................................... Andhra Pradesh
Hyderabad ....................................................... Musi ................................................... Andhra Pradesh
Kanpur ............................................................. Ganges .................................................... Uttar Pradesh
Lucknow .......................................................... Gomati .................................................... Uttar Pradesh
Nasik ................................................................ Godawari ................................................... Maharashtra
Patna ................................................................ Ganges ................................................................. Bihar
Srinagar ............................................................ Jhelum ................................................................. J & K
Allahabad ........................................................ Ganga - Yamuna ....................................................... U.P
Ferozepur ......................................................... Sutlej ................................................................. Punjab
Jabalpur ........................................................... Narmada ................................................................. M.P
Ludhiana .......................................................... Sutlej ................................................................. Punjab
Madurai ........................................................... Vaigai .......................................................... Tamil Nadu
Mysore ............................................................ Kaveri ........................................................... Karnataka
Tirunelveli ........................................................ Tamaraparni ................................................ Tamil Nadu
Jamshedpur ...................................................... Subarnarekha ....................................................... Bihar
Howarh ............................................................ Hoogly...................................................... West Bengal
Alwaye ............................................................ Periyar ................................................................ Kerala
Bhaglpur .......................................................... Ganga .................................................................. Bihar
Buxar ................................................................ Ganga .................................................................. Bihar
Dibugarh .......................................................... Brahmaputra ....................................................... Assam
Kota ................................................................. Chambal .......................................................... Rajastan
Karnool ............................................................ Tungabhadra ........................................ Andhrapradesh
Leh .................................................................. Indus ................................................ Jammu & Kashmir
Moradabad ...................................................... Ramganga ............................................................... U.P
Mathura ........................................................... Yamuna ................................................................... U.P
Pandharpur ...................................................... Bhima .......................................................... Maharastra
Sambalpur ........................................................ Mahanadi ............................................................ Orissa
Srirangapatanam ............................................... Cauvery ........................................................ Karnataka
Tiruchirapally ................................................... Cauvery ...................................................... Tamil Nadu
Ujjine ............................................................... Narmada ............................................... Madya Pradesh
Dhaka .............................................................. Buriganga .................................................. Bangladesh
Mongar ............................................................ Ganges ................................................................. Bihar
 ‘Let a hundred flowers bloom and let a thousand
WELL KNOWN QUOTATIONS schools of thought contend’
 ‘Just as I would not like to be a slave, so I would  “Powers flows from the barrel of a gun”.
not like to be a master’ Mao- Tse -Tung
 ‘A Government, of the people by the people and  “We can secure peace only by preparing for war”.
for the people’ John F. Kennedy
Abraham Lincoln  ‘The living need charity more than the dead
 ‘Give us tool and we will finish the job’ George Arnold
 ‘I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and  ‘Reading make a full man, conference a ready man
sweat.’ and writing an exact man’.
Sir Winston Churchill  ‘Some books are to be tasted, others to be swal-
 ‘If God did not exist, it would be necessary to lowed and some few to be chewed and digested’.
 ‘Studies serve for delight, for ornament and for
invent him.
ability’.
 ‘Crush the infamous thing’.
Francis Bacon
Voltaire
 ‘Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest
 ‘The unexamined life is not worth living’
thought
 ‘Other men live to eat. I eat to live.
 “If winter comes can spring be far behind’’
 ‘Nothing can harm a good man, either in life or
P.B. Shelley
after death.’
 ‘Till Earth and Sky stand presently at God’s great
 ‘I know nothing except that fact of my ignorance’ judgement seat’.
 ‘The unexamined life is not worth living’.  ‘East is East and West is West and never the twain
Socrates shall meet’.
 ‘The Gods help them who help themselves’ Rudyard Kipling
Aesop  ‘The more things a man is ashamed of, the more
 ‘The State ? It is me’ respectable he is’
Louis XIV Bernard Shaw
 ‘I am not a culprit’  Where wealth accumulates, men decay’.
Fidel Castro  ‘Wisdom makes but a slow defence against trouble,
 ‘It was only one life, what is one life in the affairs though at last at sure one’.
of a state’ Oliver Goldsmith
Benitto Mussolini  ‘The roots of education are bitter, but fruit is sweet.
 ‘Success is the sole earthly judge of right and  ‘Virtue is the mean state between two vices, the
wrong’ one of excess and other deficiency’.
Adolf Hitler  ‘Man is by nature a political animal’
 ‘The throne is but a piece of wood covered with Aristotle
velvet’.
 ‘Give me good mothers. I shall give you a good  ‘Let them eat cakes’.
nation.’ Marie Antoinette
 ‘There is no word such as impossible in my dic-  “My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me”
tionary’ Jesus Christ
Napolean Bonaparte  ‘Nevertheless it moves’
 “Et tu Brute”. Galileo
 Vini Vidi Vici (I came, I saw, I, conquered)  ‘Play the game in the spirit of game’.
Julius Caesar Baron Peirre de Coubertin
 ‘I am dying with the help of too many physicians’  ‘The empty vessel makes the greatest sound’.
Alexander the Great  ‘Something is rotten in the state of Denmark’
 ‘There is nothing either good or bad but thinking  ‘It takes two to speak the truth - on to speak and
makes it so’. the other to hear’.
 ‘Brevity is the soul of wit’. Henry David Thoreau
 ‘Frailty thy name is woman’.  ‘The history of the world is but the biographies of
 ‘To be or not to be, that is the question’. great men’.
Thomas Carlyle
 ‘Cowards die many times before their death, the
 ‘Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven’.
valiant never taste death but once’.
John Milton
 ‘All the world is a stage and all the men and women
 ‘Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel’
merely players’ Dr. Samuel Johnson
William Shakespere  ‘Better a live sparrow than a dead eagle’.
 ‘All our knowledge brings us nearer to our igno- Fitzgerald
rance’.  ‘Romanticism is disease classicism is health’
T.S. Eliot Von Goethe
 ‘End justifies the means  ‘Taxation without prosperity’
Nicholo Machiavelli Jacob Molecschott
 ‘Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety nine  ‘To every action there is an equal and opposite
percent perspiration’. reaction.’
Thomas Alva Edison Sir Isaac Newton
 ‘Knowledge is power’  ‘Thank God I have done my duty’.
Thomas Hobbes Last words of Lord Nelson
 ‘Superstition is the religion of feeble minds’  ‘Virtue is its own reward’
Edmund Burke  ‘The good of the people is the chief law’ -
Cicero
 ‘The style is the name himself’
 “Give me a place to stand and I can move the
Buffon
entire earth”.
 ‘Proper words in proper place’
 ‘Eureka ! Eureka! (I have found it)’ -
Johnathan Swift Archimedes
 ‘Nature never did betray the heart that loved her’.  ‘Religion is the opium of the people’
 ‘The child is the father of man’. Karl Marx
William Wordsworth  ‘Man is a tool making animal’
 ‘A little knowledge is a dangerous thing’. Benjamin Franklin
 ‘Fools rush in where angels fear to tread’  ‘Direct Action’
Alexander Pope Mohammed Ali Jinnah
 ‘A thing of beauty is a joy forever’  ‘Good government is no substitute for self gov-
 ‘Heard melodies are sweet but those unheard are ernment’.
sweeter’. Morley
 “Beauty is truth and truth beauty”.  One small step for men a leap for mankind (On the
John Keats stepping on moon)
 ‘Power tends to corrupt and absolute power cor- Neil Armstrong
rupts absolutely’.  ‘I think therefore I am’.
Descartes
Lord Acton
 ‘Truth and non - violence are my God’
 ‘Liberty, Equality, Fraternity’.
 ‘Do or die’
 ‘Man is born free, yet every where he is in chains’.
 ‘Hai Ram’
Jean - Jacques Rousseau  ‘Untouchability is a crime against God and man-
 ‘Whom the Gods love die young’. kind’
Lord Byron
 ‘A customer is the most important person in our  ‘More things are wrought by prayers than this
premises’. world dreams of’.
Mahatma Gandhi Tennyson
 ‘Ram and Rahim are the two different names of  ‘Take care to get what you like or you will be
the same God’ forced to like what you get’.
Kabir Das George Bernad Shaw
 ‘Kerala is a lunatic asylum’  ‘The goal of war is peace; of business, leisure’
 ‘Live fast; die young’.
 The roots of education are bitter, but fruit is sweet
Swami Vivekananda
Aristotle
 ‘We have now to fight for peace with the same
 Marriage is the only adventure open to the timid
courage and determination as we fought against
Voltaire
aggression’.
 ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’  ‘Know them thy self, presume not God to scan’
Lal Bahadur Shastri  ‘The proper study of mankind of a man’
 ‘One caste, one God, one religion for man’. Alexander Pope
Sree Narayana Guru  The supreme happiness of life is the conviction
 ‘Back to Vedas’ that we are loved’
Swami Dayananda Saraswati Victor Hugo
 ‘Generations to come, it may be, will scarce be-  ‘Among freemen there can be no successful ap-
lieve that such a one as this ever in flesh and peal from the ballot to the bullet’
blood walked up on this earth’. Abraham Lincolin
Einstein (About Gandhi)  ‘There is no god higher than truth’
 ‘The whole universe is my native land’ Mahatma Gandhi
Kalpana Chawla  ‘The best portion of a good Men’s life. His little
 ‘Swaraj is my birthright I shall have it’ nameless, unremembered acts of kindness and of
Balagangadhara Tilak love’
 ‘We have made a tryst with destiny’. William Wordsworth
 ‘Aram Haram Hai’  “I am restless, I thirst for the distant, the far away”
 ‘At the stroke of midnight hour when the world
 ‘I would sooner fail than not be among the great-
sleeps India will wake to life and freedom’.
est’
Jawaharlal Nehru
John Keats
 ‘Dilli Chalo’.
 ‘The class struggle necessarily leads to the dicta-
 ‘Give me blood’ I shall give you freedom’
Subhash Chandra Bose torship of the proletariat’
 ‘Garibi Hatao’ Karl Marx (1818 - 83)
Indira Gandhi  Big, Bright and beautiful
 ‘Freedom is in peril. Defend it with all your might’. (Describing the view of the earth from the space)
 ‘Work like a bull and live like a hermit’.  “The responsibility for their flight lies from with
Dr. Ambedkar history and with the giants of science who pro-
 ‘Aiming low is a crime’ ceeded the effort”.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (Farewell telecast from space)
 ...... the light that shone in this country was no Neil Armstrong
ordinary light ..... for that light represented that  ‘Big brother is watching you’
living truth ... George Orwel
Jawaharlal Nehru  ‘Be proud that you are Indian, proudly claim I am
 ‘This was their finest hour’ an Indian, every Indian is my brother’
Sir Winston Churchill Vivekanada
and drought .............................................. June 17
INTERNATIONAL DAYS Father’s Day .............................................. June 20
World Laughter Day ............................. January 10 UN Charter Signing Day ............................ June 25
World Customs Day ............................. January 26 International Day against Drug Abuse
Valentine’s Day.................................... February 14 and Illicit Trafficking .................................. June 26
World Mother Language Day ................. February 21 World Architectural Day ............................... July 1
World Women’s Day................................. March 8 World Population Day ................................ July 11
World Consumer Day ............................. March 15 World Breast Feeding Day ...................... August 1
World Disabled Day ............................... March 15 International Friendship Day ................... August 3
World Forestry Day ................................ March 21 Hiroshima Day........................................ August 6
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Nagasaki Day ......................................... August 9
Discrimination ........................................ March 21 World Youth Day.......................... August 12 (UN)
World Day for Water ............................... March 22 World Folklore Day................................ August 22
World MeteorologicalDay .........................................March 23 World Sanskrit Day................................ August 22
World Tuberculosis Day ......................... March 24 World Enforced Disappearance Day ....... August 31
World Theatre Day ................................. March 27 World Coconut Day ............................ September 2
World Ship Day .......................................... April 5 World Literacy Day............................. September 8
World Health Day ....................................... April 7 World Ozone Day ............................. September 16
World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day ...... April 12 U.N. Peace Day................................. September 20
International Special Librarians Day ........... April 15 World Alzheimer’s Day ..................... September 21
World Haemophilia Day ............................. April 17 World Tourism Day........................... September 27
World Heritage Day ................................... April 18 World Heart Day.................. Last Sunday September
World Secretaries Day ............................... April 21 World Animal Welfare Day ...................... October 4
World Earth Day ........................................ April 22 World Postal Day ................................... October 9
World Book and Copy Right Day ............... April 23 Territorial Army Day ............................... October 9
International Dance Day ............................ April 29 World Standards Day ........................... October 14
May Day, International Labourers Day ......... May 1 World Blind Day (World white cane day) October 15
World Solar Energy Day .............................. May 3 World Food Day ................................... October 16
World Press Freedom Day............................ May 3 Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Day October 21
World Red Cross Day .................................. May 8 U.N Day ............................................... October 24
International Nurses Day ........................... May 12 World Information Development Day .... October 24
International Mothers Day .. 2nd sunday of every May World Thrift Day .................................. October 30
World Day of the Family ............................ May 15 World Diabetes Day .......................... Novemebr 14
World Telecommunication Day................... May 17 World Citizen Day.............................. November 14
Commonwealth Day ................................... May 24 World Environmental .............................................
World Anti-tobacco Day ............................ May 31 Protection day ................................... November 25
International Day of innocent, World AIDS Day.................................. December 1
Children Victims of Aggression Day ............ June 4 World Human Rights Day .................. December 10
World Environment Day .............................. June 5 World Asthma Day ............................ December 11
World day to combat desertification Marconi Day .................................... December 12
NATIONAL DAYS (INDIA) Wild Life Week .............................. October 1st to 7
Air Force Day .......................................... October 8
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas ........................... January 9
National Postal Day ............................... October 10
National Youth Day ............................... January 12
Azad Hind day ...................................... October 21
Army Day ............................................. January 15
National Rededication Day (Death anniversary of
Netaji Day ............................................. January 23
Mrs. Indira Gandhi, birth anniversary of
India Tourism Day ................................. January 25
Sardar Vallabhai Patel) ........................... October 31
Republic Day......................................... January 26
Legal Service Day ................................ November 9
Martyr’s Day ......................................... January 30
Transport Day .................................... November 10
Panchayat Day ..................................... February 19
Childrens Day..................................... November 14
Arunachal Day ..................................... February 20
National News Paper day .................... November 16
Central Excise Day ................................ February 24
National Mental disorder day ................ November 17
National Science Day ............................ February 28
Indian Citizen Day .............................. November 19
National Security Day ................................ March 4
NCC Day ............................................ November 24
Ordinance Factories Day (India) ............... March 18
National Law Day ............................... November 26
Orissa Day .................................................. April 1
Navy Day ............................................. December 4
National Maritime Day ................................. April 5
Armed Force Flag Day .......................... December 7
Jallianwala bagh Day .................................. April 13
National Mental disorder ..................... December 8
National Technology Day ........................... May 11
Conservation Day............................... December 14
National Mother Security Day..................... April 11
National energy protect day .................. December 14
Solidarity Day............................................. May 13
Vijay Divas ......................................... December 16
Fire force day............................................. April 14
National Minorities Rights Day ........... December 18
Sikkim Day ................................................. May 16
Kissan Day (Farmer’s Day) ................. December 23
Anti Terrorism Day (Death anniversary of
Rajiv Gandhi) .............................................. May 21 National Consumer Day ...................... December 24
Everest Day................................................ May 29  Kisan Divas celebrated on the birth day of Sri
Doctor’s Day ................................................. July 1 Charan Singh.
Kargil Vijay Day........................................... July 26  Children’s day is being celebrated on the birth-
Quit India Day ......................................... August 9 day of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Independence Day ................................. August 15  Teachers Day is being celebrated on the birth-
Sadbhavana Day ........... (Birth anniversary of Rajiv day of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Gandhi) .................................................. August 20  National youth Day is being celebrated on the
National Sports Day (Dhyanchand’s Brithday) ........ birthday of Vivekananda
August 29  National Sports day is being celebrated on the
Teachers Day (Birth anniversary of birthday of Dhyan Chand.
Dr. Radhakrishnan) .............................. September 5  National Technology day is being celebrated
Hindi Day .......................................... September 14 to commemorate India’s achievements on
Engineers day.................................... September 15 nuclear capability.
Deaf Day .......................................... September 26  National Science Day is celebrated on the day
National Blood Donation Day .................. October 1 in 1928 C. V. Raman discovered Raman Effect.
Gandhi Jayanti Day.................................. October 2  Doctor’s Day is celebrated on the birthday of
National Voters Day Dr. B. C. Roy
January 25 will here after be celebrated as National  National Broadcasting Day is celebrated on
Voters Day. January 25 is the foundation day of that day when Gandhiji addressed the nation.
the Election Commission of India.
UNITED NATIONS YEAR IMPORTANT MUSEUMS
Refugees year ............................................. 1959-60 National Childrens Museum .................... New Delhi
Co-operation Year ............................................ 1965 Calico Textile Museum ....................... Ahemadabad
Tourism year .................................................... 1967
Visvesarayya Industrial And Technological Museum
Human Rights Year .......................................... 1968
Bangalore
Education Year ................................................ 1970
Fight against Racial discrimination Year ............ 1971 Tippu Sulthan Museum ............... Sreerangapatnam
Book Year ........................................................ 1972 Sree Chithra Art Gallery........... Thiruvananthapuram
Copper Nicus Year ........................................... 1973 Birla Industrial & Technological Museum .... Kolkata
Population Year ............................................... 1974 Birla Planetorium ......................................... Kolkata
Women’s Year .................................................. 1975 Nethaji Museum ......................................... Kolkata
Fight Against Untouchability ........................... 1978 National Gallery of Modern Art ............... New Delhi
Childrens Year ................................................. 1979 Indian Museum .......................................... Kolkata
Handicapped year ............................................ 1981 National Museum ....................................... Kolkata
Communication Year ........................................ 1983 Salarjung Museum ................................. Hyderabad
Youth Year ....................................................... 1985
Nehru Museum ....................................... New Delhi
Peace Year ....................................................... 1986
Archeological Museum ........................... New Delhi
AIDS Year ....................................................... 1988
Literacy Year .................................................... 1990 Victoria Memorial Hall ................................. Kolkata
Space Year ....................................................... 1992 Rail Transport Museum .......................... New Delhi
Sports and Family Year .................................... 1994 National Museum of Natural History ....... New Delhi
Poverty Eradication Year .................................. 1996 Indian War Memorial Museum ................ New Delhi
Ocean Year ...................................................... 1998 Prince of Wales Museum ........................... Mumbai
Old Age Year ................................................... 1999
Peace and Cultural Year .................................... 2000
Self Service Year .............................................. 2001 OFFICIAL RESIDENCE
Mountains Year ............................................... 2002 Indian President ..................... Rashtrapathi Bhavan
Eco Tourism Year ............................................. 2002 Indian Prime Minister ........ No. 7, Race Course Road
Fresh Water Year ............................................. 2003 Pope ................................................. Vatical Palace
International Rice Year ..................................... 2004 Governor .............................................. Raj Bhavan
International Micro Credit Year ......................... 2005 American President ............................ White House
International Physics Year ................................ 2005 Britain Prime Minister ................ 10, Downing Street
International Sports and Physical Education ..... 2005 King & Queen of Britain ............ Bekkingham Palace
International Dolphin – Pole Year ..................... 2007
South Korean President ........................ Blue House
International Potato Year .................................. 2008
Sreelankan President .......................... Temple Trees
International Earth Year .................................... 2008
International Natural Fibre Year ........................ 2009 Nepal King ............................. Narayan Hithi Palace
Bio Diversity Year ............................................ 2010 Kongo President ................................ Marbil Palace
Forest Year ...................................................... 2011 Pakistan President ............................... Ivane Sadan
French President ............................... Eleesee Palace
KERALA - DAYS INDUSTRIAL NAMES
June 19 ............................................... Reading Day Ambassador ..................................................... Car
June 19 - 25....................................... Reading Week Nicon .......................................................... Camera
Chingam 1 .................................... Agricultural Day Alvin .................................................... Refrigerator
October 4 .......................................... Elephant Day Amul ................................................... Milk Powder
October 13 ............................................. Sports Day
Usha ..................................... Fan, Sewing Machine
November 1 ........................... Kerala formation Day
Merit ............................................ Sewing Machine
Bush, Murphy ............................................... Radio Newyork Times ......................................... Newyork
Philips, Panasoni ....................... Radio & Television Washington Post ................................. Washington
Kelvinator ............................................ Refrigerator International Herald Tribune ..................... Newyork
Prestige ......................................... Pressure Cooker The Don ..................................................... Karachi
Chandrika, Lux, Pears, Radhas, Lifeboy ........... Soap Pakistan Times ........................................... Karachi
Sunlight ............................................... Soap Power Kabool Mail ................................................ Kabool
Shalimar, Nerolac ............................................ Paint Outlook ...................................................... Karachi
Lactogen, Lactose ............................... Milk Powder Red Flag ..................................................... Beejing
Ashok, Zenith ............................................... Blade China Times ................................................ Tai Pey
Fiat, Premier, Standars ....................................... Car Rudepravo .................................................. Pregue
Ciat, Dunlop, Bridgestone ................................ Tyre Limonde ......................................................... Paris
Crompton, Rally, GEC ........................................ Fan Pravda ...................................................... Moscow
Hero ................................................................. Pen Isestya ..................................................... Moscow
Colgate, Cibaca, Forehands, Close up ... Tooth Paste Straight Times ........................................ Singapore
Signal .................................................. Tooth Paste Akbar Al Kuwait .......................................... Kuwait
Wills, Charminar, Panama, Scissors ............ Cigarette Al thavara .............................................. Demascus
Rolex, Titan, Ceeko, Favourluba .................... Watch Peoples Daily ............................................. Beejing
Citizen, Omega, Jovial ................................... Watch Statesman ................................................ Colombo
Jumbo ....................................................... Jet Plain Ashi Shimban ............................................... Tokyo
Avro ...................................................... Aero Plain Australian ................................................ Canberra
Raj Dooth, Bullet, Royal Enfield ........... Motor Cycle Mainichi Shimban .......................................... Japan
Benze, Leyland ................................ Bus, Car, Lorry Times of India ................................................. India
Sakthiman ..................................................... Treck Morning News ..................................... Bangladesh
Jubily, Bismi ..................................................... Pen Sydney Morning News ............................... Sydney
Everady, Jeep, Toshiba Anand, Nippo .......... Battery Reference News ............................................. China
Hercules, BSA, Hero ...................................... Cycle Rising Nepal ........................................... Katmandu
Bata ............................................................. Shoes
Chethak, Lamby, Vijay ................................. Scooter
FIRST IN KERALA
Governor ............................. Dr. B Ramakrishna Rao
Remington, Halda, Godrej ...................... Typewriter
Chief Minister ..................... E.M.S. Namboothiripad
Bajaj ............................................................... Bulb
Deputy Chief Minister ............................. R. Sankar
Bruke Bond ........................................... Coffee, Tea
Assembly Speaker R. Sankarana Narayanan Thampi
Lipton .............................................................. Tea
Congress Chief Minister ................ R. Sankar (1962)
PUBLICATIONS Jnapeeda Winner (India) ............... G. Sankara Kurup
The Times .................................................. London Malayalee Governor .............................. V.P. Menon
The Sunday Times ...................................... London First Malayalee Member of UPSC ... Dr. K.G. Adiyodi
Daily Telegraph .......................................... London First Malayalee winner of Dhronacharya Award .......
Morning Star .............................................. London O.M. Nambiar
The Guardian ............................................. London Woman Magistrate ....................... Omanakunjamma
The Sun ..................................................... London Woman High Court Judge ................. Anna Chandy
The Economist ........................................... London Woman Minister .................................... K.R. Gowri
The Observor ............................................. London Woman member of Parliament............ Anne Maskrin
Financial Times ........................................... London First woman I.A.S ......................... Anna Malhothra
The Daily Mail ............................................ London Woman IPS Officer .................................. Sreelekha
The Hindu ...................................................... India
President -Kerala Sahithya Academy
Sardar K.M. Paniker
WORLD NEWS AGENCIES
College ............................................... CMS College Reutors ........................................... Britain
Printing Press ....................... CMS Press, Kottayam Kyodo ............................................. Japan
Movie ........................................... Vigathakumaran Andara ...................................... Indonesia
Movie with sound ......................................... Balan Erna .................................................... Iran
Colour Movie .......................... Kandam Bech Kottu Sinhwa ............................................. China
Olympian ............................................ Suresh Babu Associated Press ............................... USA
Malayalee President INC ................ C. Sankaran Nair Ritha ............................................... Russia
National Park ......................................... Eravikulam Ansa ................................................ Spain
Novelist ...................................... Appu Nedungadi Agents France Press (AFP) ............. France
Champu in Malayam ............... Unniyachi Charitham Bernama ....................................... Malesya
Sanskrit Champu ....................... Amogha Raghavam Dentas Press Agenter ................... Germany
Newspaper ................................ Rajya Samacharam Nafen ........................................ Hongkong
Woman Vice Chancellor ................... Dr. Janci James Al Jaseera ...................................... Khattar
Printed Malayalam Book ....... Samkshepa Vedartham Tass ............................................... Russia
First Book in which Malayalam Alphabet was printed Press Trust of India ............................ India
Horthus Malabaricus United News of India ......................... India
Press in India where Malayalam was printed ............ Interpress Service ............................. Rome
Career Press, Mumbai
Monthly Literary Magazine ................. Vidyavilasini
Short Story ..................................... Vasana Vikruthi VEHICLE PRODUCERS
Social Novel ............................................ Indulekha General Motors ............................................... USA
Detective Novel ............................ Bhaskara Menon Ford Motors ................................................... USA
Drama ......................................... Kalyani Nadakam Toyotta Motors ............................................. Japan
University ................................... Kerala University Benze ....................................................... Germany
Radio Station .......................... Thiruvananthapuram Nissam Motor ................................................ Japan
Malayalam Internet Literary Club ....... www.puzha.com Devoo ................................................. South Korea
Bank ............................................ Nedungadi Bank
Fiat ................................................................. Italy
Malayalam Internet Portal .................. Indiainfo.com
Honda Motors ............................................... Japan
Post Office ............................................ Alappuzha
Mitsbushi Motors ......................................... Japan
English School ................................... Mattanchery
Indian Principal ....................... A.R. Raja Raja Varma Pyugiyottu .................................................. France
Keralite appearing Postal Stamp . Sreenarayana Guru Hyundai .............................................. South Korea
Museum ............................................... Trivandrum
Zoo ...................................................... Trivandrum GANDHI NAMES
Concrete Bridge ........................... Karamana, TVPM African Gandhi ............................ Kennath Kounda
Film Hero ............................................... A.K. Aroor
Modern Gandhi ................................... Baba Amthe
Film Heroine ............................................. Kamalam
Hanging Bridge ........................................ Punaloor Burmese Gandhi ........................................ Ong San
Audio Novel .................................... Ithanente Peru Kosavo Gandhi ............................... Ibrahim Rugeva
Private TV Channel ..................................... Asianet Kerala Gandhi ...................................... K. Kelappan
Cinema Studio ................. Udaya Studio, Alappuzha
Mayyazhi Gandhi ................... I.K. Kumaran Master
Malayalee Magsaysay Award winner ......................
Varghese Kurian American Gandhi ...................... Martin Luther King
Mineral Water Plant ............................. Kumbalangi Sreelankan Gandhi ............................... Ariya Retne
Daily Newspaper ......................... Rajyasamacharam Frontier Gandhi ................. Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan