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ميحرلا نمحرلا ﷲ مسب دعب امأ نيدلا موي ىلإ هيدھب ىدتھا نمو هباحصأو هلآ ىلعو ﷲ لوسر ىلع ملسو ﷲ ىلصو نيملاعلا بر دمحلا

ُ

ل كوت و ةناعتس ا

Al-Isti’anah and Tawwakul

Appealing for Aid and Assistance and Putting one's Reliance upon Allaah

Taken from: http://ilmpoint.wordpress.com

Ibn ‘Abbaas هنع ﷲ يضر said: "One day I was riding behind the Prophet ملسو هيلع ﷲ ىلص and he said to me:

نأ ملعاو اب نعتساف تنعتسا اذإو ﷲ لأستلف تلأس اذإو كھاجت هدجت ﷲ ظفحا كظفحي ﷲ ظفحا م غ اي مل كورضي نأ ىلع اوعمتجا ولو كل ﷲ هبتك دق ءيشب إ كوعفني مل كوعفني نأ ىلع اوعمتجا ول ةم ا فحصلا تفجو م ق ا تعفر كيلع ﷲ هبتك دق ءيشب إ كورضي

"O young boy, be mindful of Allaah and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allaah and you will find Him in front of you, and if you ask, ask from Allaah, and if you seek help, seek help from Allaah. And know that if all the people gathered and intended to harm you then they cannot do so except what Allaah has destined for you. The Pens have been lifted and the pages have dried"

[At-Tirmidhi, 2/84, who classed it as 'hasan saheeh' (see also 'Saheeh Sunan Tirmidhi', 2516)]

Also found with slight variation in Musnad Ahmad, 1/293, 303, 307; Musnad Abi Ya'ala, 2/665; Al-Haakim, 3/541; Mu'jam al- Kabeer, 11/11416; Ibn as-Sunni, 'Amal al-Yawm wal-Laylah', 1/136 no.419; Abu Nu'aym, 'Hilyat al-Awliyah', 1/314 and others]

.

1. Shaykh al-Allaamah Abd-al Muhsin al-‘Abbaad ىلاعت ﷲ هظفح commented:

"He is the One in whose Hand is everything, and He is the One in whose Hand is giving and

preventing; there is none to prevent what He gives and none to give what He prevents. So let a

person ask Allaah لجَ

khayr (goodness) and He gives generously by way of a means and without any means. And (with regard to) the means that brings the khayr to a person, Allaah is the One who facilitates it, and He is the One who subjects the one who is a means with respect to that to do good to him.

و ز عَ , the One in whose Hand is everything, and He is the One who gives the

So Allaah’s

grants and bestows without there being any means, such as rain and (other) blessings from

Allaah لجَ

Allaah subjects another person to feel compassion for him and to do good to him and that

whatever has good and benefit for him happens to him from (this person). And all of that is from

Allaah لجَ

means – to soften for you and feel compassion for you, then what happened to you from him

would not have taken place. Thus, all of it is from Allaah لجَ without any means.

لجَ

و ز عَ

, favouring and doing good for His slave can happen by what He generously

و ز عَ ; and likewise, the khayr may reach a person by way of a means, which is that

و ز عَ , because if Allaah did not make the heart of this person – who Allaah made a

و ز عَ , whether by way of a means or

Seek the help of Allaah with regard to your affairs and whatever wish you need and whatever

difficulty you fear. Seek the help of Allaah لجَ

from all evil. Seek the help of Allaah, because if there are means but Allaah does not Will nor give

success for the realisation of what a person wants, then indeed it will fail to come and it will not

happen. Hence, all of the affair is in the Hand of Allaah لجَ

و ز عَ , to bring all the khayr and to be saved and safe

و ز عَ

[Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 'Kitab as-Sifat il-Qiyamah', tape no. 272/16]

2. Tawwakul is about taking the necessary action and then putting your complete trust in Allaah

ىلاعت و هناحبس. To cut off hope of any good from any created object and to hope the best and rely completely on Allaah. The root word of Tawakul is 'wakali' - This is to entrust someone else. Putting

your Tawwakul in other than Allaah is shirk, and depending on the circumstance, it can be major or minor.

3. The Sahabah used to have from amongst the highest level of Tawwakul in Allaah ىلاعت و هناحبس and

used to ask of Him even for their shoelaces. The Mother of the Believers, A'ishah امھنع ﷲ يضر said:

"Ask Allaah for everything, even if it is only a shoe-lace, because if Allaah does not make it easy, then it will not be possible." [At-Tirmidhi, 4/292]

4. The Prophet ملسو هيلع ﷲ ىلص said: “If you put your tawakkul in Allaah the way He deserves, He

would provide for you the way he provides for the birds. They leave in the morning with an empty stomach and return at night with a full one.” [At-Tirmidhi (see 'Silsilah al-Saheehah', 310]

5. There is no contradiction in asking only from Allaah and having trust only in Him, while seeking

the means from the creation in what they are able to help you with. The result of this help is in and of itself from Allaah alone; it will either be granted or rejected according to His Divine Will. And the means itself must be from the things that are permissible from Shari'ah.

6. Allaah Says in the Qur'an:

نيَ

ِلكﱢ وَت لا بﱡ حِ ُي ﷲ نﱠ ِ ◌ ِ ﷲ ى لعَ

َ

ُ

ْ

م

َ

إ

َ

ۚ

لكﱠ وَت ف تَ مزَ عَ

ْ

َ

َ

ْ

ا ذ َ ِ إ َ ف

Then "

when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allaah, certainly, Allaah loves those who put their trust (in Him)." [Aal 'Imran: 159]

This is also exemplified from the blessed speech of the Prophet ملسو هيلع ﷲ ىلص when he asked the Bedouin who had left his camel untied: "Why don't you tie down your camel?" The Bedouin answered, "I placed my trust in Allaah." - The Prophet replied: "Tie your camel and place your trust

in Allaah." [At-Tirmidhi; see also Saheeh al-Jaami’ 1068]

Ibn Hajar commented on this hadeeth and said: "Tawakul is the act of the heart while "tying the camel" is the act of limbs." - The meaning of which is that "tying the camel" means that one should take the necessary (halal) means that are available to perform what one intends to do, after which his heart has full yaqeen and tawwakul upon Allaah.

7. From the numerous Ayaat about Al-Isti’anah in the Qur'an, we read:

نيُ

عِ َتسْ َن كاَ

ي ِ و دُُبعْ َن كاَ ي ِ إ

إ

َ

"You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)."

[Al-Faatihah: 5]

نوَ ُنمِ ؤْ

م لا لكﱠ وَتَي ف ﷲ ى لعَ و ◌ هِ دِ عْ َب ن

ُ

ْ

ِ

َ

ْ َ

ل

ِ

َ

َ

ۗ

م مكُ رُ صنُ

َ

َي يذِ لا ا ذ ن ف مكُ

َ

َ

م

ْ

ل ْ ُ خيَ ْ

ذ

ن و

إ

ِ َ

ۖ

◌ مكَُ ل بَ ِلا غ َ ف ﷲ مكُ

َ

َ

ُ

ْ

ُ

رْ صنُ َي ن إ

ِ

"If Allaah helps you, none can overcome you; if He forsakes you,who is there, after that, that can help you? In Allaah let Believers put their trust." [Aal 'Imran: 160]

َ

ُهاعَ دَ ا ذ ِ إ رﱠ طضْ

م

ُ

َ

ْ

لا بيُ

جُي ن م َ أ

ِ

"Is not He (better than your deities) Who responds to the distressed one

نوَ

رُ صنَ

ُي مھُ ﱠ لعَ ﱠ ل ً ةھَ لآِ

ْ

ﷲ نو دُ نمِ او ذخَ ﱠتا و

ِ

ُ

َ

ِ

"

[An-Naml: 62]

"And they have taken besides Allaah alihah (deities), hoping that they might be helped

(by them)." [Ya Seen: 74]

And many many more

8. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah has a beautiful commentary on the original hadeeth above, thus:

http://www.kl28.com/fat2r.php?search=32

9. Ibn Uthaymeen's beautiful sharh from 'Riyadh as-Saliheen':

http://www.sonnaonline.com/Montaka/Hadith.aspx?HadithID=71

10. Sh. Yasir Burhami's khutbah on "Seeking assistance from Allaah" here:

http://www.islamway.com/?iw_a=view&i esson_id=86001

May Allaah enable us to perfect our Tawheed – so that we can protect ourselves from committing the greatest of crimes against Him ىلاعت و هناحبس