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Daily Herald

the Brown

vol. cxlvi, no. 41 Monday, April 4, 2011 Since 1891

Watson U. admits
director 8.7 percent
Kennedy of applicants
resigns By Lindor Qunaj
Senior Staff Writer
By Shefali Luthra
Senior Staff Writer Last Wednesday, 2,115 applicants
learned that they had been offered a
Michael Kennedy, director of the spot in Brown’s most selective class
Watson Institute for International ever. Including the 577 students
Studies, will step down at the end who were accepted in December
of the academic year, Provost Da- through the binding early-decision
vid Kertzer ‘69 P’95 P’98 wrote in program, a total of 2,692 students
an email to faculty Friday. Herald archives / U.S. Army from 79 countries were accepted
Kertzer and the Watson In- At left, undergraduates participate in the Naval Reserve Officers’ Training Corps before the program was banned from from a record-setting pool of
stitute’s Board of Overseers will campus. At right, soldiers in Afghanistan participate in the Human Terrain System, a Pentagon program that aims to 30,946 — an overall admission
choose an interim director while capitalize on academics’ expertise to better understand the populations of occupied countries. rate of 8.7 percent, even lower than
the University searches for a per- last year’s 9.3 percent.
manent director, Marisa Quinn,
vice president for public affairs
As ROTC scrutinized, military funding ignored Acceptance rates across the Ivy
League hit record lows, with Har-
and University relations, wrote in By Sahil Luthra counted for more than 5 percent of whether the University should vard dipping to 6.2 percent and
an email to The Herald. Senior Staff Writer the total research budget in fiscal reinstate ROTC on campus. Yale 7.4 percent. In part due to a
Four directors of the Watson year 2010 and more than 7 percent “As far as research is concerned, switch to the Common Applica-
Institute have stepped down in Though the possible reinstatement in 2009, and Brown is among the because it’s open to everyone, tion, Columbia saw a 33 percent
six years, which “suggests the of the Reserve Officers’ Training top 100 universities in the United there’s no discrimination there,” increase in combined total applica-
importance of attending to some Corps at Brown has brought debate States in terms of military research Briant said. “So I see these as two tions to its college and School of
structural issues leading to so about the military’s place on cam- funding. very different matters.” Engineering and Applied Sciences,
many changes,” Kennedy, who is pus to the forefront this semester, Vice President for Research President Ruth Simmons, when receiving 34,929 applications and
traveling in Kosovo, wrote in an the University has received re- Clyde Briant said he expects De- she announced the formation of a posting an acceptance rate of only
email to The Herald Saturday. “My search funding from the Pentagon partment of Defense funding — committee to review the Univer- 6.9 percent. This represented a sig-
resignation allows the Universi- for years without provoking such which includes funding from the sity’s policies on ROTC, cited the nificant drop from last year’s com-
ty administration and Watson’s heated debate. Air Force, Army and Navy — to repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell,” bined 9.2 percent admission rate.
Board of Overseers to focus on It has accepted roughly $10 remain roughly constant for the the federal law that kept gays from At Brown, approximately two-
those longstanding challenges.” million annually for the last four current fiscal year. serving openly in the military, as thirds of accepted students applied
He also cited a desire to re- years from the Department of the impetus for her decision to for financial aid, and 17 percent
turn to teaching as a reason for Defense in the form of research Relevance to ROTC convene the committee. of admission offers went to first-
his resignation. Kennedy wrote grants, according to figures from Briant said he sees the issue But ROTC was originally ex- generation college students, the
the Office of the Vice President of accepting military funding as highest percentage ever, according
continued on page 2 for Research. Military funding ac- separate from the question of continued on page 5 to Dean of Admission Jim Miller
’73. Nine percent of the admitted

Power outage leaves

class has legacy status, a number
Sprung spring that is “very similar to prior years,”
Miller wrote in an email to The

students in the dark Herald. A University press release

stated that the class of 2015 is “the
most racially, socioeconomically
By Sahil Luthra charge of restoring power. Facili- and geographically diverse class
Senior Staff Writer ties staff could not be reached for in Brown’s history.”
comment. The admitted students are “very,
Problems with an underground Students coming to the Ratty very accomplished in terms of the
cable caused a blackout at some for dinner had to write down their courses they’ve taken and proj-
University buildings last night from Brown ID numbers, because they ects they’ve pursued,” Miller said.
approximately 5:15 p.m. to 7:15 p.m. could not swipe into the dining Among those coming from high
The outage affected George, hall. Brown University Dining schools that rank students, 96 per-
Thayer and Hope streets and Services employee Trevor Covey cent were in the top 10 percent of
Young Orchard Avenue, accord- ’14, whose usual responsibility is to their classes.
ing to National Grid spokesman ensure that there are enough to-go This year’s applicant pool ex-
David Graves. Only Brown-owned containers at the entrance, said his pressed slightly more interest in
buildings were affected, since the shift “passed a lot more quickly” as the sciences, especially the physical
problematic cable exclusively ser- he assisted diners with the make- sciences — 33 percent of students
vices the University. shift sign-in process. When the line listed sciences as intended concen-
The Herald received reports became unmanageable, workers trations, up from 30 percent in the
that Keeney Quadrangle, Gradu- let some students enter for free, class of 2014.
ate Center, Vartan Gregorian he added. But many students are still
Quad and Wriston Quadrangle Several students in the Ratty attracted to Brown’s liberal arts
were among the affected dormi- cheered and applauded when the programs. According to Steve
tories. The Sharpe Refectory also power returned. Others enjoyed the Kim, a high school senior at Phil-
lost power. outage while it lasted. “It was like lips Academy in Andover, Mass.,
Freddy Lu / Herald Graves said the Department camping out,” said Angela Straccia
Crocus buds, one of spring’s many harbingers, have cropped up on campus. of Facilities Management was in ’14. “It was kind of fun.” continued on page 4

Grow up
t o d ay tomorrow

editorial.............10 Simmons discusses slavery in Yu ’11 responds to
Opinions..............11 address to United Nations int’l student project
SPORTS..................12 Campus News, 3 opinions,11 51 / 47 53 / 34
2 Campus News The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011

calendar Despite

1 P.m.
April 4 ToMORROW

4 p.m.
April 5
“Tradition, Trauma, Transformation,”
List Art Building, Bell Gallery
“Contemporary India: A Gender
Perspective,” Watson Institute
7 P.m.
“Chicanos: History, Movement &
7:30 p.m.
“An Alternative Strategy to
apps down
Identity,” Alumnae Hall Afghanistan,” Barus and Holley 168 By Jackie Choi
Contributing Writer

menu The Meiklejohn Peer Advising Pro-

gram saw a 5 percent decrease in
the number of applicants this year,
LUNCH from 517 in 2010 to 492 this spring.
Cajun Pasta with Chicken, Tortellini Pulled Pork Sandwich, Baked Last year, the number of applications
Provencale, Caprese Salad, Butter Macaroni and Cheese, Fresh Sliced increased 38 percent over 2009.
Cookies Carrots, Butter Cookies Of the 492 applications, approx-
imately 350 students — the same
numbers as in previous years — will
Texas Style Beef Brisket, Vegan Roasted Honey Chili Chicken, Vegan participate in the program for the
Roasted Veggie Stew, Vegan Chana BBQ Tempeh, Apricot Beef with upcoming academic year, according
Masala, S’Mores Bars Sesame Noodles to Ann Gaylin, associate dean of the
College for first-year and sophomore
Sudoku studies.
Despite efforts to enhance the
program — which include devel-
oping a sense of community within
the program through a more inter-
active orientation, offering training
for Meiklejohns throughout the year
Herald file photo and better publicizing the program
Kennedy cited “structural issues” at Watson when explaining his resignation. and the application process — the
decreased number of applications

Kennedy steps down received this year did not reflect the
general trend of increased applica-
tions in previous years.

as Watson director Ari Rubenstein ’11, a Meiklejohn

leader, said the increased attention
for the program — though this
continued from page 1 the Social Science Research Coun- year’s applicant numbers declined,
cil, Soros’s Open Society Institute the number increased from 375 in
that he has “always been able to and the World Economic Forum. 2009 — is partly due to stepped-up
find a productive synergy” by Kertzer was not available for recruitment efforts that began as
synthesizing his obligations as further comment because he is early as fall 2010. The application

Crossword a professor and scholar with his

role as director of various pro-
in London.
Kennedy joined the Univer-
process, which began in December, is
also longer. He said the excitement of
grams, institutes and center for sity in summer 2009, after Vice giving back to the Brown community
over 12 years. Prior to coming to President for International Affairs through mentoring and helping first-
the University, Kennedy served David Kennedy ’76, who was also years motivates students to apply to
for 23 years at the University of serving as interim director of the be Meiklejohns.
Michigan as a professor of soci- Watson Institute, resigned. The Noura Choudhury ’12, another
ology and as the director of the search for a permanent director of Meiklejohn leader, said students who
school’s Weiser Center for Europe the Watson Institute began after have had good experiences with their
and Eurasia and its Weiser Center former director Barbara Stallings, Meiklejohns during their first year
for Emerging Democracies. professor of international studies, provided productive feedback, thus
“With the changes being un- stepped down in summer 2008. improving program overall. For ex-
dertaken by the administration, In his email to faculty, Kertzer ample, first-years can communicate
and the kind of director those listed “important reforms” under with their Meiklejohns before they
changes require, I believe my Kennedy’s tenure, citing increased arrive on campus in the fall through
abilities are more useful in other funding for the Watson Institute, the ASK Advising Sidekick tool on
arenas,” he wrote. the arrival of new scholars and the Dean of the College’s website and
Kennedy will continue to serve changes to the international re- by writing letters to their advisers
as a professor of both international lations and development studies during the summer.
relations and sociology. He wrote concentrations. International re- Christina Sun ’14, a former Her-
he thinks focusing on teaching lations is one of the University’s ald contributing writer, said the
will allow him to resume involve- largest concentrations. Meiklejohn program was a good
ment with institutes beyond the Kennedy “has worked tirelessly opportunity for first-years to get to
University, which he could not do to strengthen the Watson Institute know upperclassmen who can offer
as director. He plans to work with and Brown,” Kertzer wrote. more insight than other first-years.
“It’s nice to know that I have someone

Daily Herald
the Brown to go and talk to about anything,”
Sun said.
This year, the Office of the Dean of
www.browndailyherald.com the College and the Meiklejohn lead-
195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. ership program have implemented
Ben Schreckinger, President Matthew Burrows, Treasurer a policy for new Meiklejohns who
Sydney Ember, Vice President Isha Gulati, Secretary will be away during the fall semester.
The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Instead of starting as Meiklejohns
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Copyright 2011 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011 Campus News 3
Molecule could prevent Simmons delivers UN keynote address
seizures, researchers find By Kat Thornton
Senior Staff Writer
By Max Ernst had the biggest effect.”
Staff Writer Aizenman, Bell and several NEW YORK — President Ruth
undergraduates have been work- Simmons spoke about remember-
Student-conducted research at ing on the epilepsy research since ing slavery and Brown’s recogni-
the University’s Institute for Brain 2005 with funding from the Na- tion of its historical ties to the slave
Science revealed that synthesis of tional Institutes of Health, Na- trade in her keynote address at the
the molecule putrescine during tional Science Foundation and United Nations General Assembly’s
a seizure can protect the brain Matthew Siravo Memorial Foun- fourth annual international slavery
from recurrent episodes. Further dation. The Institute for Brain remembrance day March 25 in New
research on the physiological ef- Science has played an important York City.
fects of putrescine and other poly- role recently in the development Simmons began her speech by
amines could ultimately lead to a of the seizure study and similar thanking the United Nations for
treatment for epilepsy. scientific endeavors. recognizing the importance of “this
The study concluded that pu- “The institute helps to create international day of remembrance”
trescine is converted into gamma- an environment conducive to for 400 years of international slave
aminobutryic acid — the primary great work and put faculty in a trading, which she called a “monu-
inhibitory neurotransmitter that good position to receive grants,” mental violation of human rights.”
calms brain activity — and that said institute Associate Director “I thank you for recognizing Kat Thornton / Herald
a surge of GABA during the pre- John Davenport. that nations cannot fully embrace President Ruth Simmons delivered the keynote address at the United Nations
liminary seizure helps prevent “The Plan for Academic En- principles of fairness, equality General Assembly’s fourth annual international slavery remembrance day
Friday in New York.
later episodes, said Mark Bell GS, richment allocated seven new and shared governance without
who conducted the majority of faculty positions to the institute, acknowledging the occurrence of uncover its relationship with slavery reminders” of the values of justice
the experiments. The research one of which was filled by Aizen- heinous acts that violated these through the Steering Committee and equality.
team found that it took 65 per- man, who has directed the seizure principles,” she said. on Slavery and Justice, which stud- “The most important action is
cent longer to induce a seizure study,” Davenport said. Simmons also called attention ied the topic from 2003 to 2006. that which addresses the offense,
in tadpoles that had been given Since the research team has to the slave trade’s contemporary Though this history was “largely cleanses the record and brings to
a dose of putrescine compared identified how the chemical works implications. “Invaluable” cultural absent from the University’s official light the truth of what has trans-
to those that were not adminis- in conjunction with seizures, fur- connections were lost during the documents,” she said the committee pired,” Simmons said.
tered the polyamine, according to ther research on the subject could slave trade for the benefits of com- discovered that Brown’s founders She added she hopes other
a University press release. eventually produce a drug that merce, she said. were involved in the transatlantic universities will follow Brown’s
“If you block polyamine syn- could control seizures in epilepsy “This willful erasure has had far- slave trade. example.
thesis around the time of the sei- patients. But that is a long way off, reaching consequences,” she said. These results have compelled Simmons’ keynote address fol-
zure and then induce a seizure Aizenman said. “Inheritors of this erasure have been the University to memorialize its lowed a morning of speeches from
four hours later, there is no pro- “This is still something in the left to a patchwork existence with early history and make it a “visual regional representatives about the
tective effect,” said Hannah John- early stages,” he said. “If this holds gaping holes that cannot, for the dimension” of the University’s “cur- living legacy of the transatlantic
son ’11, a student involved in the up in different species, some other most part, ever be filled with pieces rent identity,” Simmons said. slave trade.
research. “It was already known researchers could use the find- that precisely match.” She spoke about the upcoming The event, held to commemorate
that there is a spike in putrescine ings for a novel therapy to treat Simmons spoke of the need for creation of a research center and the fourth annual International Day
after a seizure, but no one knew epilepsy.” education to prevent such human a physical memorial to slavery on of Remembrance of the Victims of
before if it was helping or causing Although the study has not rights violations from occurring campus. She told the members of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave
more cell damages.” identified treatment for epilepsy, again, calling universities “vital the General Assembly about the Trade, was titled “The Living Legacy
“We came across the idea of the current findings will play an partners” in that process. contributions the University’s Fund of 30 Million Untold Stories.”
polyamines in general by giving important role in future medical Universities “must also reveal for the Education of the Children of The chairs of regions from
the tadpole a seizure, waiting research. the truth of their own histories,” she Providence has made for teachers around the world made statements
around four hours and giving it “We have been looking to bet- added, even if it does not accurately and students who may have been addressing the injustice of the slave
another seizure. The animal was ter understand the underlying reflect their current principles. “The affected by the slave trade’s long- trade and urging the United Nations
more resistant the second time,” mechanisms, which is obviously fear of the truth has no place in a lasting legacy. to commission a physical memorial
Bell said. “This was a very curious the first step if you want to find university that purports to expose These contributions are not in- to slavery at its New York headquar-
find, and we wanted to explore it.” any kind of therapeutic implica- the truth,” she said. tended to “make amends,” Simmons ters. Several cultural groups also
The research team proceeded tions,” Johnson said. Simmons cited Brown’s efforts to said, but rather to serve as “constant gave performances.
to identify beneficial polyamines
by blocking several different ones
from synthesis during the first
seizure and found that the ani-
mal “did worse four hours later”
when the polyamines were re-
moved from the process, accord-
ing to Johnson. Ultimately, the
team found that putrescine was
the main protective molecule re-
sponsible for limiting the severity
of a seizure.
“We were hoping to see that
more complex polyamines have
an effect on seizures,” said As-
sistant Professor of Neuroscience
Carlos Aizenman. “Putrescine
was thought to have very little
effect, but when we blocked it, we
found that the simple polyamine
4 Campus News The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011

U. hires science outreach director

By Leah Bromberg represented in the “STEM” dis- One of the first things Adetunji
Contributing Writer ciplines, he said. said he will do is to “administer
Adetunji believes that “Brown a University-wide inventory.”
Oludurotimi Adetunji embarks can become a national leader” in Brown needs a blueprint of the
on his first day as Brown’s direc- the science communities. He said activities that scientists, students
tor of scientific outreach today. forming partnerships with faculty and faculty are starting within dif-
The new position is “a recogni- and students is important not only ferent departments, he said. In-
tion on the part of the University within Brown, but also within the terdepartmental communication
that we need to pay attention to larger Rhode Island community. is fundamental to getting greater
outreach,” said David Targan, as- Scientific outreach to middle funding, especially when activities
sociate dean of the College for school, high school and commu- overlap, he said.
science education. Dean of the nity college students is crucial to “The sciences are expensive,”
College Katherine Bergeron said the vitality of sciences at Brown, Targan said. “We have funding
the new position will not only he said. Adetunji said he hopes needs for the laboratories. We
expand the University’s science to attract prospective students by can’t just operate with a white-
advising, but also help develop sending Brown undergraduates board or a blackboard. We need
the outreach mission of the newly out to schools as “ambassadors” in grants to obtain the best and most
opened Science Center. the sciences to showcase relevant cutting-edge facilities and to re-
Adetunji will be joining a research at Brown. cruit cutting-edge scientists.”
group of scientists at Brown who He plans to facilitate partner- Adetunji — a native of Nigeria
have chosen to move from career ships between Brown scientists — graduated from Fisk Univer-
research to outreach, Targan said. and those of nearby universities sity, a historically black college
“We need more scientists. We and explore how Brown’s scientific in Nashville, Tenn., with a degree
need more engineers,” Adetunji work can benefit society. Adetunji in physics and computer science
said. said his other goals include writ- in 2002. He received his doctor-
“When you look at the data, ing grants, presenting work and ate from Ohio State University in
we’re producing about 50,000 en- publishing more research papers. 2008, where he worked in experi-
Herald file photo
gineers per year by now,” he said. “You are a scientist first, but mental physics. After graduating,
The admission rate for the class of 2015 was a record low.
“China produces about 500,000 also a teacher,” Targan said. “It’s he worked as a physical scientist

U. sees changes in
engineers. We need to do some- important that scientists not be for the Navy and served as assis-
thing to change the picture.” isolated in our ivory towers. It’s tant dean in the division of natural
Adetunji said he hopes to help important that scientists explain and mathematical sciences of the
Brown recruit and retain concen-
trators in the “STEM” disciplines
— science, technology, engineer-
to taxpayers that their research
has significance to the public at
College of Arts and Sciences at
Ohio State. While in Ohio, he re-
ceived two National Science Foun-
demographics of admits
ing and mathematics — which he “That’s not something you can dation grants, including one for a continued from page 1 High School in Mill Valley, Calif.
said have attracted few students just read about on the front page program he developed to spread was drawn to Brown because of
recently. Women and minority of the New York Times,” he con- awareness about the geological Brown “seemed like a place of its diverse community and flexible
students are particularly under- tinued. sciences. greater appreciation for the arts curriculum.
than most colleges, which meant Though this year’s 3 percent
a lot to me as a musician.” Kim, increase in application numbers
who is also considering offers from was smaller than in recent cycles,
Columbia and Stanford, plans to the Office of Admission has seen
double-concentrate in East Asian a 50 percent increase over the past
Studies and Economics. three years, according to the press
Fourteen percent of the ad- release.
mission offers were made to in- The University also accepted
ternational students. China, India 112 fewer applicants than last
and the United Kingdom rank at year, when 2,804 applicants re-
the top of the list with 57, 34 and ceived offers. Miller said this was
33 offers, respectively. India has an intentional decision meant to
replaced Canada as the second- avoid the potential overcrowding
most-represented country among of residence halls, particularly
admitted students. The University first-year dormitories. Last year,
has increased recruiting efforts the University “came very close” to
overseas in recent years, and the overfilling the rooms, Miller said.
success of those initiatives is re- Many students have been placed
flected in these numbers, accord- on a waitlist as well, but Miller said
ing to Miller. it was difficult to predict how many
Domestically, California, New students would choose to remain
York and Massachusetts boast the on the list and how many students
highest number of admits, with will eventually be accepted. Last
393, 322 and 216, respectively. The year, fewer than six students were
large volume of applications from admitted off the waitlist, he said.
California and the south and west Students have until May 1 to
in general reflect “demographic either accept or decline admission.
trends in the country,” Miller said. The University expects 1,485 stu-
Alon Sacks, from Tamalpais dents to matriculate this fall.

Ivy League Admission Figures

University 2011 Acceptance Rate 2010 Acceptance Rate

Brown 8.70% 9.30%

Columbia 6.93% 9.16%

Cornell 17.95% 18.36%

Dartmouth 9.73% 11.53%

Harvard 6.17% 7.16%

Penn 12.26% 14.25%

Princeton 8.39% 8.80%

Yale 7.35% 7.88%

The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011 Campus News 5
Ethics of military funding goes undiscussed James Franco to teach
continued from page 1 having ROTC on campus are unre-
lated,” she wrote. “However, if the
easily disentangled,” said James
Simmons, professor of biology. at NYU next year
pelled from campus decades before military is supporting our research Simmons’ research on bats and
“Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” came into it would make sense that we would echolocation has received various By Kelsey Desiderio and sion to adapt her work.
effect. In 1969, the Vietnam War support the military.” forms of military funding since the Arielle Milkman Franco said his class will develop
loomed large over debates about 1970s. His research is of interest Washington Square News, via UWIRE a book of poems into a feature film,
ROTC’s place on college campuses, Letting the military into the to the military because it can be and that he will teach at NYU “prob-
including Brown’s. The decision to academy useful in detecting mines, he said. James Franco showed some love for ably for a year.”
ban ROTC from campus was, in Lutz, whose research includes a In general, research can have New York University at the Oscars, “The book of poems has not been
part, a refutation of the military look at militarization in American lots of different applications, Sim- and now he’s coming back for more. decided upon,” he said. “I love the
in general. society, said she believes military mons said, so it would be “coun- Next year, Franco will teach a section idea of working with students, es-
Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 funding has significantly narrowed terproductive” to ignore a research of graduate film students. pecially NYU students.”
P’98, who served on the commit- the scope and types of questions area because it could be useful to “James’ own film work has been
tee that examined ROTC policy asked in research. She listed hyp- the military. He believes people Higher Ed based on poems, or about poets,
as an undergraduate, dissented nosis — with its potential applica- should resist the military’s specific so this is a nice fit for him,” Tintori
from the committee’s recommen- tion to interrogations — and nu- actions if they are unethical rather Franco mentioned the news in wrote in an email. “James has an
dation to keep ROTC on campus. clear weaponry as areas in which than distrusting it as an institution an email to Washington Square amazing mind. And limitless energy.
“I have found the majority report the military has pushed research in general, he added. News, responding to a question on Our students will be fortunate to
to have grave implications for the in the past. why he hasn’t been very vocal about learn from him.”
integrity of education at Brown “The fact that the Department Ethical standards for grants his time at NYU. Christine Nguyen, a second-year
and, indeed, for the relation of the of Defense is the most heavily Brown does not have specific “I love NYU,” Franco wrote. “My graduate student in the Tisch Inter-
academic community to the larger funded unit of the federal gov- guidelines regarding military fellow NYU film students are some active Telecommunications Pro-
society,” he wrote in his minority ernment means that we end up funding, Briant said, but the Uni- of my closest friends. I mentioned gram, said she hopes Franco wasn’t
report, according to the Feb. 11, with a lot of knowledge that fol- versity does have “strong ethical NYU at the Oscars and on David hired only because of his name.
1969 Herald. Ultimately, Kertzer’s lows the money there,” Lutz said, considerations” in reviewing any Letterman; I don’t know how to be “Hopefully they’re basing this
dissent carried the day, and the adding that this “leaves other areas funding source. Any research more vocal about it. I will be teach- decision on the fact that he’s quali-
faculty voted to phase out ROTC of important research — like re- must be fully publishable, and no ing NYU graduate students next fied to do it, not because he’s James
in April 1969. search into alternative energy and anonymous funding sources are year.” Franco,” she said. “It’s not such a bad
A month before that vote, Stu- transportation systems or tropi- accepted. There is a “stringent” Franco will teach a section of idea for NYU (to have) a celebrity
dents for a Democratic Society, cal disease — understaffed and set of policies regarding testing on third-year directing in the fall, ac- or an actor teach at the school. It’s
of which Kertzer was a member, underfunded.” humans and animals, and conflicts cording to John Tintori, the chair a smart move for NYU.”
passed out leaflets to the faculty The military also offers fund- of interest are also considered, he of the graduate division of the Kan- Andrew Scott, a Tisch freshman
that said, “An attack on ROTC is ing for some research in the social said. bar Institute of Film and Television. studying film, thinks Franco is a
an attack on imperialist policy,” sciences, since it often calls on an- But it is unclear how the fac- Each of the 10 to 12 students in valuable addition to the faculty, de-
according to the March 4, 1969 thropologists to help understand ulty in general feels about military the class will adapt a Louise Gluck spite the actor’s quirks.
Herald. the culture of a country where mil- funding, since those who oppose poem. Tintori said Franco has met “He’s a crazy guy,” he said. “He
Catherine Lutz, chair of the itary operations might take place. it simply would not apply for it, with Gluck and has secured permis- does what he wants.”
anthropology department and As a result, anthropologists must Briant added.
a member of the committee on “walk a fine line” in deciding their After the Research Advisory
ROTC, said the policy of accepting level of cooperation with the mili- Board committee’s discussions on
military funding has not figured in tary, William Beeman, a former the military’s role in academia two Become our fan on Facebook
the committee’s discussion.
“We got a very specific charge
adjunct professor of anthropology,
told The Herald in 2008.
years ago, the University has not
reexamined what the committee
for news updates and more
from Ruth Simmons to look at Military-funded research at called the “vexed” issue of military
ROTC and a very specific set of Brown includes the development funding. With research funding
questions about it,” Lutz said. “So of a nanotechnology that would outside the purview of the ROTC facebook.com/browndailyherald
we’re not taking on the whole kit improve resistance to infrared sur- committee, the issue remains
and caboodle.” veillance equipment and provide largely on the back burner.
But the issue of military fund- shielding against electromagnetic
ing cannot be wholly separated interference.
from the ROTC debate because But some military-funded
some believe the University should projects focus on topics with no
not support the military in any way obvious connection to defense,
and thus should not accept mili- Briant said, citing a grant of nearly
tary funding, while others main- $600,000 awarded to the Univer-
tain that if the University accepts sity by the Army to study DNA
military funding, it should also replication as it relates to breast
support ROTC, Lutz said. cancer.
Still, the ROTC question is “a While some military grants
large enough project for now” do not beg ethical questions, de-
without also tackling the issue of ciding to accept the military as
military funding, Lutz said. One a source of funding can still get
reason military funding may not “very murky,” said Harrison Stark
have provoked the same level of ’11, who served two years ago on a
debate is ROTC’s more conspicu- Research Advisory Board commit-
ous campus presence, she added. tee to review ethical considerations
“ROTC was very visible — peo- for grant funding. Though that
ple in uniform on campus,” Lutz committee was initially formed to
said. “Military research happens in draft specific policies for military
departments, in labs, pretty much research funding, its goals became
out of sight. People don’t always more vague. It shifted its focus to
know what the funding source is “facilitating open analysis and
for the different kinds of research.” debate of these issues,” according
One major issue in debating to a report published by the com-
the reinstatement of ROTC is that mittee.
the military would appoint offi- Stark, a BlogDailyHerald con-
cers to the faculty, Kertzer told The tributor, added that while it can
Herald last month. In discussing be difficult to turn down money,
the reinstatement of ROTC, some the University should prioritize
faculty members also take issue academia’s “unique” freedom to
with the fact that military officers critique all areas of society.
would have the same voting status “This idea of a research univer-
as other professors, Lynn Della sity is good in a lot of ways, but the
Grotta ’13, a member of Students University shouldn’t be primarily a
for ROTC, wrote in an email to corporation first and an institution
The Herald. of learning and critique second,”
“In this sense, our accepting Stark said. www.browndailyherald.com
military research funding and not But funding sources are “not
6 Arts & Culture The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011

Artist spotlight: Michael Dawkins ’12 Exhibit a

By Kat thornton
Senior Staff Writer
Dawkins said his favorite
composer is Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart. “I feel that people un-
Michael Dawkins ’12 is not a
music concentrator, but he has
always made time for maintain-
derestimate who Mozart was,”
he said. In the 1700s, “Mozart
was their Lady Gaga.”
ing his virtuoso piano abilities. Though he said he best plays
If you see Dawkins play, you music by Franz Schubert and continued from page 12
will be astonished by his flawless Sergei Rachmaninoff, Dawkins’
performance of a complicated favorite pieces to play are Fred- cies and the behaviors and activities
classical composition. While eric Chopin’s. that occur form a kind of stage for
playing “Gaspard de la Nuit” by “He’s an extremely gifted pia- their emergent sociality, or a stage
Maurice Ravel, Dawkins’ hands nist,” said Arlene Cole, adjunct for the conditioning of the social,
fly over one another with a skill- lecturer in music and Dawkins’ and how individuals function with-
ful control of the entire range of piano teacher. in built environments and collective
keys. Bauer’s piece varies from Cole, who listened to spaces, like a museum,” she added.
light, fluttering melodies to Dawkins’ admission tapes, said Through its novel experiment
strong, hard chords. With ease, he was “highly rated” by the with animals, this fascinating ex-
Dawkins matches the changes, music department before his hibit raises issues of order in the
moving left hand over right with arrival. domestic homes while examining
grace. “He’s very talented and can what happens when this order is
Dawkins said he has been play whatever (piece) he chooses shattered. The unique and creative
playing since he was eight years to learn,” Cole said. use of absurdity, humor and other
old. In first grade, he met two At Brown, Dawkins plays for elements result in the exhibit Locks
girls who played the piano, and the local Unitarian church and describes as a “crowd-pleaser.”
he decided he wanted to be like used to accompany participants “Once Upon a Time” will be
them. He started taking classes of the University’s Applied Mu- on display at the RISD Museum
and learned as much as he could. sic Program. He has also helped through Nov. 6.
He wanted to master the instru- the Music Department during
ment, and he did. previous summer sessions.
Dawkins has continued to In last year’s Chaminade Mu-
play in college because it is sic Club Competition, he won Kat Thornton / Herald The concept behind this exhibit ex-
something he loves to do, and first prize with Rachmaninoff A pianist for eight years, Dawkins was a “highly rated” applicant to Brown poses different aspects of humans’
and plays for the local Unitarian church.
he does not want to lose his Piano Concerto No. 3. relationships with nature and their
abilities. But Cole said Dawkins’ “main ficult to balance school with work. Though he said he could environment. Its use of animals in
“It’s like a skill you acquire — focus is on school life and less piano practice, but he finds days not imagine his life without clas- a suburban space brings viewers to
like learning to write or learning on classical music.” to work intensely on piano and sical music, he is looking to play question the effects of domesticity
a language,” he said. Dawkins said he finds it dif- other days to focus on home- more jazz music in the future. in a shocking and innovative way.
8 Sports Monday The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011

W. lax overwhelmed by Big Green Men’s lacrosse drops

continued from page 12
heartbreaker to Tigers
the Bears claw back against their
minutes to play in the first half.
Two goals from Hudgins and Wa-
terman stopped the Big Green’s
giving it their best, and we didn’t
feel like we had that.”
Bruno will enjoy a five-day re-
ranked opponent. onslaught and cut the lead to four. spite before continuing its gruel- continued from page 12 Duke loss and capture its first Ivy
Though much of the game was Not to be slowed down, Dart- ing stretch of games against Har- win of the season, Brown got off to
back-and-forth, Stanford claimed mouth added three quick goals vard Friday at 6 p.m. traveled to Durham, N.C. to take on a strong start Saturday at Princeton.
a 32-18 edge in shots taken and a with two minutes left in the half The game is an important one defending national champion Duke Parker Brown and Hawley put home
25-19 advantage in ground balls to give the Big Green a command- for the team, not just in their pur- in a rematch of last year’s thrilling goals less than two minutes apart in
won. ing 11-4 advantage going into the suit of an Ivy Championship, but 11-10 Blue Devil win. Hawley and the first period to give the Bears a
“I think it was a really good break. also in the pursuit of a cure. The Feinberg again spearheaded the 2-0 lead. But Bruno was unable to
learning lesson for us against “Lacrosse is a game of runs, night game represents the second Brown attack with multi-goal per- sustain its early burst, and the Tigers
a top-10 opponent,” said Head and we definitely need to respond annual “Lacrosse for Lupus” event formances, but Duke proved too scored three unanswered goals to
Coach Keely McDonald ’00. “We to those and step up as a unit not and is dedicated to finding a cure much to handle, outshooting the take a 3-2 lead at the half.
really got a feel for what that kind only to limit runs but to go on for the disease. Bears 42-23 en route to a 12-7 vic- After Princeton extended the
of game feels like and that every runs too,” McDonald said. Though the team has philan- tory. margin to 4-2, Brown finally broke
single play in that game is going Dartmouth’s scoring runs only thropic goals for Friday, they are Midfielder Teddy Daiber ’11 down the Tiger defense and tied
to make a difference, and I think continued in the second half, as not losing sight of the task on the scored the game’s first goal, but the the game at 4-4 to force overtime.
those are tremendous lessons for the Big Green added six more field. After facing off against the 1-0 advantage was Brown’s only lead Hawley scored his second goal of
us.” goals over the first 20 minutes to Crimson, the Bears also welcome of the game. After Duke took the the game in the third quarter before
extend their dominant lead to 17- No. 3 Duke University to Steven- lead, Hawley scored two consecu- Parker Brown found the equalizer
Dartmouth 17, Brown 5 4. Julia Keller ’12 capitalized on son Field Sunday afternoon. tive goals to tie the game at three with just over seven minutes left in
The Big Green took an early a feed from McGilloway with six “We are preparing not just for goals apiece in the second quarter, regulation. Goalie Matt Chriss ’11
lead and never looked back Sat- minutes left in the game, bringing Harvard but for us to work on but the Blue Devils put home three held the Tigers without a score for
urday in Hanover, tallying scores the final score to 17-5. some of the things we need to unanswered tallies to take a 6-3 lead the final quarter-and-a-half, regis-
twice in the first two minutes to “All of us are extremely disap- work on after Dartmouth,” Mc- into the half. tering 16 saves in regulation in an
grab a 2-0 lead. Though Water- pointed and unhappy with our Donald said. “We are focusing Hawley’s third goal of the day especially strong performance.
man struck with two goals of her performance,” Waterman said. on us and on being ready and cut the lead to 6-4, but Duke an- In overtime, Chriss and the de-
own in the next 10 minutes, ty- “We wanted it so badly, and it’s prepared for the big weekend we swered back with two scores of its fensive unit kept up its stalwart ef-
ing the score, Dartmouth set off not translating to how we played have coming up against two great own to take an 8-4 advantage early fort, but the offense was unable to
on a six-goal scoring run, giving … We want everybody on the teams with two great opportuni- in the third. The pattern repeated as breach Princeton’s defense on the
themselves an 8-2 lead with five team to be giving it their all and ties to win.” Feinberg’s next goal for Brown was other end. For three four-minute
immediately answered by two Duke overtime periods, the teams re-
scores to stretch the Blue Devil lead mained deadlocked. Finally, with
to 10-5 going into the final quarter. just under three minutes left on the
“In the third quarter, we kind of clock in the fourth overtime, Princ-
fell apart mentally,” Brown said. “I eton got the game-winning strike
feel like we had almost five penal- when sophomore midfielder Tucker
ties in that third quarter. We had a Shanley snuck one past Chriss to
bunch, and they just kind of built a give his side the 5-4 win.
lead that we couldn’t really equal. “It just comes down to our of-
And they really out-hustled us. They fense needing to score more,” Parker
got the tough ground balls that we Brown said. “Our defense — espe-
should have gotten.” cially Matt Chriss with 20 saves — is
Feinberg and Alex Jones ’13 playing unbelievable, and the offense
found the back of the net for the just isn’t stepping up. We need to be
Bears as the two sides traded scores able to score more than four goals,
in the fourth. At the final whistle, no matter who we’re playing.”
the scoreboard at Koskinen Stadium Now 0-2 in conference play, the
showed a 12-7 Duke win. Bears have dug themselves an early
hole. But all is not lost — last year, a
Princeton 5, Brown 4 (4OT) 4-2 conference record earned Bruno
Eager to bounce back from the a share of the Ivy League title.
The road will not be easy, though.
The squad is next in action Tuesday
night at Bryant University (3-6) and
will then take on a formidable string
of opponents in No. 13 Penn (5-3,
2-1), No. 15 Yale (5-2, 1-2), Provi-
dence College (3-5), No. 7 Cornell
(7-2, 3-0) and Dartmouth (4-4, 1-1)
for the final stretch.
“Every Ivy game is a must-win
because of how strong the confer-
ence is this year,” Parker Brown
said. “We can’t overlook Bryant by
any means, but Penn, Yale, Cornell,
Dartmouth the next four Saturdays
— we could be playing for three
more weeks, or we could be playing
for six more weeks, and these games
will really determine that. … Every
team has got something to prove to
each other, which is why this last
stretch is going to be particularly

The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011 Higher Ed 9
Higher ed
ne ws roundup
by Sahil Luthra
senior staff writer
BB & Z | Cole Pruitt, Andrew Seiden, Valerie Hisung and Dan Ricker
Columbia votes to reinstate ROTC
Columbia’s student senate voted to reinstate the Reserve Officers’
Training Corps last Friday in a 51-17 vote. Following the vote, Columbia
would discuss the details of a possible ROTC branch on its campus if the
military were to express interest in opening one, according to a Friday
article in the Columbia Spectator.
Columbia banned ROTC during the Vietnam War and decided to
discuss a possible reinstatement of the program after “Don’t Ask, Don’t
Tell” was repealed in December, the Spectator reported. Columbia’s
decision comes on the heels of Harvard’s decision last month to reinstate
Student Affairs Committee chair Tao Tan called Friday “a great day for Cloud Buddies! | David Emanuel
America,” according to the Spectator article. “We have put behind us a
painful disagreement of our past and have taken a step forward toward
our shared future,” Tan said.
Some members criticized the senate for acting too hastily. “There was
a lot of pressure coming from the administration to get this done,” senate
member Sean Udell told the New York Times. “To me, what this says is that
there’s an agenda here.”

Missing Middlebury student home safe

Pathik Root, a junior from Middlebury College, returned home
Saturday night after being detained in a Syrian prison for several weeks,
according to an article in the Boston Globe yesterday. Root was reported Dot Comic | Eshan Mitra and Brendan Hainline
missing on March 18.
Root had been studying abroad in Egypt but was evacuated during
the January protests, according to the Middlebury Campus. He returned
to the Middle East in early March to study Arabic at Damascus University.
Root witnessed a protest in the city on March 18. When he took his
phone out to take a picture, he was detained by the secret police and
thrown into a van, according to the Globe article. Root told the Globe he
was mistaken for a CIA official or a journalist, though he repeatedly said
he was a student.
He was held in a prison for over two weeks, during which time he was
only allowed out for bathroom breaks and was given only bread, potatoes
and water, according to the Globe. Though he was not tortured, he heard
screams from prisoners in adjacent cells.
Gelotology | Guillaume Riesen
Coordinating via a Facebook page, Root’s family and friends reached
out to government officials and media sources to publicize Root’s
disappearance. His family confirmed March 26 he had been detained by
Syrian police , according to the Middlebury Campus.
Middlebury President Ron Liebowitz emailed the student body early
Friday morning with the news that Root had been released, according to
a story on the Middlebury website.
“This experience, as bad as it was, has in no way dampened my
interest in these countries, in their cultures and their people,” Root told the
Globe. “There’s a big difference between the government and the people.”
10 Editorial & Letter The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011

Editorial Editorial comic b y a l e x y u ly

Coca-Cola presents: your thesis
Things are heating up — but not too much in Providence, unfortu-
nately. This past weekend, Congress continued a hotly partisan battle
over federal spending for the rest of this year, providing a preview of
the even worse fighting over next year’s budget yet to come. As law-
makers continue to skirmish, university administrators and scientists
foresee a gloomy future ahead for federal science agencies’ budgets.
In February, the House announced a proposal for federal spending
during the rest of the current fiscal year that cuts $1.6 billion from the
National Institutes of Health’s budget and allots the National Science
Foundation $139 million less than President Barack Obama requested.
In light of the federal financial situation, the University is looking
to corporate sponsors for funding instead, The Herald reported March
23. Brown already has partnerships with General Motors, IBM and
Microsoft and will likely forge ties with corporate sponsors to fund
research in engineering, computer science, medicine and public health.
The state of the federal budget leaves the University in an under-
standably difficult position. Private industry and government dollars
are the two primary sources of funding for scientific research, making
corporate partnerships a logical place to turn to when federal agencies
cannot provide more funding.
Ties to industry often provoke a knee-jerk reaction of suspicion,
considering recent national news like GlaxoSmithKline’s cover-up of
the drug Avandia’s harmful effects. It is important to note that academic
ties to industry normally come under fire when individual researchers
fail to disclose their financial conflicts of interest and that the Univer-
sity plans to seek corporate sponsors, which foster partnerships of a
decidedly different nature, to fund research.
That said, we caution the University to remember that corporate
partnerships are not a straightforward substitute for federal funding. The
scientific community generally sees the government’s role as financing
basic science research, while industry is more likely to favor projects
with clearly foreseeable practical applications and profits. Scientific
knowledge should not languish in laboratories — but will corporate

le tter to the editor

sponsors invest their funds in research that is risky, not immediately
lucrative or without a clear and specific application for the sake of
expanding scientific knowledge? As one administrator and faculty
member said in last month’s Herald article, “The University wants to
contribute to knowledge growth.” This is ideally the goal of an academic
institution, which fundamentally clashes with the principal interest of
Ignoring news contributes to culture of pain
a private, profit-driven corporation.
Furthermore, we were disappointed to see a certain disregard for To the Editor: denounce such attacks as terrorism. We commend
undergraduate learning in administrators’ remarks in last month’s the Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority for
Herald article. Their comments focused on corporate sponsorships’ In light of the volume of rhetoric on the Israeli- his quick denunciation and would have hoped to
potential to expand the University’s research profile. This implied a Palestinian conflict that is published in The Herald, have seen the same noted in The Herald. Granting
separation between Brown’s role in producing knowledge and teaching I was disappointed to open the paper on March 24 that The Herald is primarily a local newspaper, we
and specified no commitment to ensuring that undergraduates would to find that a significant piece of news, the renewal are left to wonder how the opinions and letters to
benefit from such collaborations. One major draw of building stronger of terrorist attacks on the civilian population of the the editor are so far removed from the news that
ties to corporations is the potential to provide undergraduates with state of Israel, was ignored. The bomb that exploded is actually reported on. Continuing this policy of
research experience, internships and job opportunities after graduation. in the center of Jerusalem March 23 claimed the publishing opinions and ignoring facts contributes
Undergraduate learning and success should not be secondary to, and life of a women and injured about 30 individuals. to the culture of hatred and pain and is counter to
are not separate from, Brown’s goals as a research institution, and we The deceased, Mary Jean Gardner, a Christian mis- the mission of our University community.
urge administrators to consider the partnerships they plan to establish sionary from Scotland, was in Jerusalem studying
as a prime opportunity for enriching the undergraduate experience. Hebrew. At the same time, there has been a re- Mordechai Rackover
newal of rocket fire from the Gaza strip deep into Associate University Chaplain for the Jewish
Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments the south of Israel. All peace-loving individuals Community
to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

t h e b r ow n da i ly h e r a l d quote of the day

“I see these as two very different matters.”
Editors-in-Chief Deputy Managing Editors Senior Editors
Sydney Ember Brigitta Greene Dan Alexander
Ben Schreckinger Anne Speyer Nicole Friedman
Julien Ouellet
editorial Business
Kristina Fazzalaro Arts & Culture Editor General Managers Office Manager — Vice President for Research Clyde Briant,
Luisa Robledo
Rebecca Ballhaus
Arts & Culture Editor
City & State Editor
Matthew Burrows
Isha Gulati
Shawn Reilly
on military funding for research and reinstating ROTC
Claire Peracchio City & State Editor
Talia Kagan Features Editor
Hannah Moser Features Editor
Aditi Bhatia
Danielle Marshak
See rotc on page 1.
Alex Bell News Editor
Margot Grinberg Alumni Relations
Nicole Boucher News Editor
Lisa Berlin Special Projects
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Ashley McDonnell Sports Editor Managers
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The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, April 4, 2011 Opinions 11
A multicultural babysitting experience
interviewees raised concerns to The Herald tion. I remember signing up for a cell phone plan contract and how to get to Brown from
and to the Undergraduate Council of Stu- contract at the AT&T store during a men- the airport.
Sarah Yu dents that more help needed to be provided tor-led trip to the Providence Place Mall and Many of the suggestions made by the arti-
to international first-years. opening a bank account after standing in line cle are either impractical given the program’s
Opinions Columnist First of all, I was alarmed — during my for a little over 10 minutes at the orientation budget and resource constraints or are al-
two years as a mentor, none of my mentees bank fair on campus. ready offered by the program. It is good to see
had approached me to say the program was The International Mentoring Program is that international students are taking the ini-
When I first came to Brown as an interna- lacking. Did the incoming international first- what its name suggests — a mentoring pro- tiative to work with the University to increase
tional first-year, I arrived on campus weary years really have so little faith and trust in us gram. Student volunteers try to create a safe support in areas that are beyond the current
and jetlagged from 24 hours of traveling. I mentors to help them in their transition into atmosphere for incoming students to famil- scope of international orientation as offered
proceeded to spend the next few days absorb- the Brown community? Were we really doing iarize themselves with on-campus resources by the program.
ing information about my new surroundings such a consistently poor job at being welcom- and to ask questions to upperclassmen who But more importantly, I would keep urg-
and playing icebreaker games with my inter- ing, accommodating and helpful? had gone through the same transition experi- ing students to take the simpler path of actu-
national orientation buddies. ally making use of readily available resources
Overall, the orientation was entirely en- on campus, such as their mentors. Unfortu-
joyable, and it was easy to feel comfortable at nately, these resources will not guarantee in-
Brown — fellow first-years were eager to chat, I do not wish to sound like a jaded old senior who coming students a hassle-free, instant acqui-
mentors wore brightly colored T-shirts to be sition of a cell phone and bank account. But
more recognizable from a distance and the starts off her bitter commentary on the younger classes I am confident that admitted Brown students
group activities were not unbearably corny. I with ‘in my day,’ but I do remember being a little more are smart and independent enough to work
appreciated the efforts of the coordinators of things out after a nod in the right direction.
the three-day orientation — the International independent during my own first-year orientation. After all, college is a time for students to
Mentoring Program — to really assist incom- learn how to be adults for the first time, and
ing first-years and transfers in getting used the choice that international students make
to Brown, and I committed to the group as a to study abroad should be particularly telling
mentor for the next two years. I suddenly felt guilty that perhaps my ence. The program pairs mentors with small of our desire for an experience that allows for
I realize that my own experience as an in- two years’ commitment as a mentor had not groups of new students to create a close-knit more independence. Culture shock, language
ternational student is not necessarily typical helped my mentees but had merely left them environment for the entire academic year, barriers and living away from home are all
— after all, I had gone to schools where class- bewildered, distraught and probably feeling which, surprisingly enough, almost exactly difficulties to overcome — but these are op-
es were taught in English my whole life. The unable to be open with me and ask for the resembles one of the recommendations made portunities for all of us to grow up.
possibility that my positive attitude toward help that they needed. I briefly contemplated by an interviewee in the article.
the program and international orientation is sending an email to all 20 of my past men- It does not offer personalized logistics
a complete anomaly struck me as I read The tees, apologizing for any absenteeism or neg- planning, it is not a catered travel agency and
Herald’s coverage of the program (“U. to in- ligence I had displayed — but then I contin- it is certainly not a babysitting service. The Sarah Yu ’11 invites all international first-
crease international student support,” March ued to read the rest of the article. program does not have the means to conduct years to actually attend international ori-
8). The article interviewed three first-years Now, I do not wish to sound like a jaded tours of Providence or airport pickup ser- entation and yearlong International Men-
from China who agreed that Brown lacked old senior who starts off her bitter commen- vices — but the mentors are more than capa- toring Program events before making sug-
“sufficient support services” for incoming tary on the younger classes with “in my day,” ble and willing to answer students’ questions gestions for improvement to the University
first-years “even during the (International but I do remember being a little more inde- about how to use Rhode Island Public Transit and The Herald. She can be reached at
Mentoring Program) orientation.” The three pendent during my own first-year orienta- Authority services, where to sign a cell phone xia_yu@brown.edu.

Immigration policy as a caste system

hierarchy of the times. In the Spanish colo- testimony of blacks was devalued because gees, the closer a person is to a citizen — pref-
nies, the structure attempted to limit and cat- of their race. As R. Douglas Cope notes, the erably an offspring — the better his chances.
By Hector Najera egorize the mixture between the three main right to bear arms was a mark of status — one And, of course, a sizable bank account is in-
races — Spaniards, indigenous people and that was denied to non-Spaniards. The list dispensable for engaging with the increasing-
Opinions Columnist blacks. At the top were Spaniards, and with- goes on. ly costly American legal system.
in this group, the peninsulares — Spaniards The caste system today is similarly sup- There is something perverse about the
born in the Iberian Peninsula — were above ported by laws and traditions. Admittance to ability to wield force. A parent slapping a
Last fall, the DREAM Act, which would have the criollos — Spaniards born in the Amer- the highest tier is determined by jurisdiction child, a muscled man hitting a small woman
provided a path to citizenship for undocu- icas. In descending order were indigenous instead of race. Of course, a casual review of or a policeman immobilizing a protester —
mented students, was defeated by Congress people and blacks. Intermixing among these American history reveals that for a long time, when one party has superior age or muscle,
despite the appeal of students from across led to the creation of other racial classes, such jurisdiction did not automatically confer or a gun, the force they wield can be over-
the country, including some from the Brown as mestizos, castizos, mulattoes and cholos. property or voting rights to women, blacks or whelming. As Ayn Rand observed, the state
community. It seems fruitful, therefore, to by definition has a monopoly of force with-
explore the legal structure in which these in a determined territory. So when it comes
DREAMers exist. The question, understandably complex, is whether a to enforcing caste systems, the state has guns
Today, citizenship in the United States, as at its disposal. Force keeps caste systems in
in other countries, is part of a legal frame- society committed to the pursuit of equality can rest place.
work that establishes privileges and respon- This is where DREAMers find themselves
sibilities for people. There is no application
upon this modern-day caste system called — at the bottom of a carefully established
process — individuals are born into citizen- ‘immigration policy.’ modern caste system. In the eyes of the state,
ship. From the onset, the core of American it does not matter if an illegal alien is an in-
citizenship has been the set of political rights mate at Rikers Island or a student at Brown
it confers on the holder, namely the right to These classifications could easily become in- Native Americans. As in colonial Latin Amer- — by virtue of lacking citizenship, he is un-
vote and to own property. Intent on protect- tricate. Here is an example: Mixture between ica, however, there are several legal classes of desirable and must be expelled from this so-
ing the integrity of citizenship, Congress has indigenous and black yields a “wolf,” mix- people. At the top are citizens, whose rights ciety. Granted, he retains very limited rights
found ways to classify and limit the privileges ture between “wolf ” and black yields a “chi- are irrevocable and who are eligible for the during the process of expulsion. Neverthe-
and responsibilities of non-citizens. Insofar as no,” mixture between “chino” and indigenous highest office in the country — the presi- less, Chinese exclusion, the repatriation of
it is a state-sanctioned classification of people, yields a “cambujo,” mixture between “cambu- dency. Under citizens are Lawful Permanent Mexican-Americans during the Great De-
it resembles the casta — Spanish for caste — jo” and indigenous yields a “tente en el aire,” Residents, which may include entrepreneurs, pression and the 2006 “Operation Return to
system of colonial Latin America. The fun- and so on. specialists and refugees. Although this group Sender” are examples of the state’s commit-
damental difference is that the colonial casta To be clear, these distinctions were not ab- enjoys most rights, they cannot vote. In addi- ment to enforcing the caste system. The ques-
system was based on race, while the contem- solute, especially regarding the lowest classes. tion, although they can become citizens, they tion, understandably complex, is whether a
porary conception of citizenship is based on A person may at one time claim to be indig- are not considered “natural-born citizens” society committed to the pursuit of equality
physical boundaries. Nevertheless, race and enous to receive special consideration from and are thus ineligible for the presidency. Un- can rest upon this modern-day caste system
jurisdiction are both human constructs used the courts, while at another time, this same der Lawful Permanent Residents are tempo- called “immigration policy.”
to include and exclude people from formal person could claim to be mestizo to avoid a rary residents, such as tourists and students.
society. certain tax. The bottom line, however, is the Below these are illegals, which may include
In colonial Latin America, the Spanish fact that the hierarchical classification was farm workers, cooks and servants. It is pos-
and Portuguese established the casta system, sanctioned by the state. The highest offices sible to move up these castes, but connections Hector Najera GS is a graduate student
which institutionalized the accepted social were reserved for peninsulares. In courts, the to a current citizen matter. Aside from refu- focusing in education.
Daily Herald Sports Monday
the Brown Monday, April 4, 2011

w. lacrosse

Bruno falls to two ranked opponents

‘Once Upon a Time’
By Sam Wickham
Sports Staff Writer
rethinks the natural
By Amy Chen this time? And how will it interact
Riding a two-game win streak go- Staff Writer with those little chicks scrambling
ing into spring break, the women’s across the now-dirty carpeted floor?
lacrosse team (5-4, 1-2 Ivy League) What happens when you throw The absurdity and ridiculous-
fell to ranked opponents No. 9 some chickens, cats, a group of par- ness of the scenes partly reflect
Stanford University and No. 18 rots and perhaps even a deer into the important element of humor
Dartmouth last week. Scoring a home? “Once Upon a Time,” the that characterizes this exhibit. This
streaks from both the Cardinal unique media exhibit at the Rhode raises the basic question of what
(9-1) and the Big Green (6-2, 3-0 Island School of Design museum, happens when the most natural spe-
Ivy League) at crucial points in juxtaposes the absurd with the re- cies are thrown into an artificial
both games were too much for alistic to examine questions of daily environment.
the Bears’ offense to overcome. life and domesticity. Of course, viewers don’t expect
Tri-captain Paris Waterman ’11 to see animals sitting properly on
and Bre Hudgins ’14 led the team arts & culture the sofa — yet, they don’t really
in scoring over the two games, know what to expect. As a result,
netting three and four goals, re- Organized by German artist it’s easy to be caught off-guard by
spectively. Corinna Schnitt, the exhibit fea- the chaos that results from their
tures a 25-minute video projection interactions with each other and
Stanford 12, Brown 8 with a 360-degree view of a neat do- with objects in the room.
Bruno snatched an early lead mestic room. The space is furnished The scene is only one part of the
in sunny California with a goal with all the elements of a common exhibit. The sounds from the video
by Danielle Mastro ’14 just 1:30 living room, including soft pillows, add a different dimension to the
into the game. But Stanford struck a sofa, a carpet, curtains, tables and humor and extent of the chaos.
back quickly, netting two goals in a nice, cozy fireplace. “I love that you can hear the
the next four minutes to reclaim a “The issues raised in the works sounds of the goats, chickens and
2-1 lead. Both teams continued to presented … are timeless and im- cows from the ‘Once Upon a Time’
trade goals over the following sev- portant fundamentals involved in in the neighboring galleries and that
en minutes, as goals from Lindsay how we operate and make sense this adds a strange surrealism to the
Minges ’13 and Hudgins sand- of the world around us,” Sabrina piece being situated where it is in
wiched another Cardinal goal, Locks, curatorial assistant for con- the museum,” Locks wrote.
bringing the score to 3-3 midway temporary art, wrote in an email to She wrote that she believes this
through the first half. Jesse Schwimmer / Herald The Herald. exhibit explores the question of do-
Bre Hudgins ‘14 had four points against No. 9 Stanford, but it was not enough as
“Overall, I was pretty im- A camera in the center of the mesticity and its role in the study
the women’s lacrosse team fell to the Cardinal and to Dartmouth over the break.
pressed with the way we came room shows visitors what happens and behavior of species as a whole.
out,” Waterman said. “Stanford is with five minutes to play in the around another Stanford strike in the exhibit. As the camera turns, “The piece is a metaphor about
a top-10 team, and we were really half. Another from Hudgins late to keep Stanford’s lead at three, the audience sees different animals cohabitation and domestication —
on a mission to win and win big in the half brought the score to 7-4 9-6. Hudgins cut the lead with a begin to appear — kittens, parrots, of the innate and physical effects
… I think if we could have stuck and closed out a tight first period. goal a minute later, but Stanford rabbits, deer and cows emerge in of individual natures in conflict or
to our game plan for the full 60 It was Stanford’s turn to strike again came on strong late in the the previously mundane scene. play, as well as the environmental
minutes … the outcome would first in the second half, as Rachel half, scoring three in a row to es- Viewers have to be patient as the changes that take their toll where
have been different.” Ozer tallied an unassisted goal tablish a 12-7 lead. A final goal camera slowly pans around the liv- this kind of restrained nature is
Stanford broke free of the goal five minutes into play. Bruno’s from Mastro with four minutes ing room. But the wide shots fuel a played out,” Locks wrote.
swapping over the next 10 min- point leader Kaela McGilloway to play was not enough to help sense of expectancy and curiosity — “The struggles between the spe-
utes, rattling off a four-goal scor- ’12 responded twice over the en- viewers are constantly wondering
ing streak to push its lead to 7-3 suing seven minutes, netting goals continued on page 8 what they will witness next. An elk continued on page 6

m. lacrosse

Bears drop two of three over break, fall to 0-2 in Ivy League
By Ethan McCoy schedule with an out-of-conference game in the third quarter,” Brown
Assistant Sports Editor matchup against Vermont at Meis- said.
ter-Kavan Field. After a sluggish The team could not sustain the
The men’s lacrosse team had a busy start, Bruno kicked into gear for a momentum, though, and Vermont
but overall disappointing week over come-from-behind 12-10 win. The went on a run of its own, closing out
spring break. After a thrilling come- Bears were led by a career-best per- the quarter with four unanswered
from-behind home victory, the team formance from David Hawley ’11. scores to regain the lead.
twice came up short on the road in Hawley, who usually plays midfield, After Hawley and Feinberg
a tough three-game stretch. Bruno exploded for six goals in his first scored quickly to tie the game,
(3-5, 0-2 Ivy League) overcame a game at attacker. Tri-captain An- Vermont attacker Geoff Worley re-
two-goal deficit in the fourth quarter drew Feinberg ’11, who moved back sponded, only to see his team’s lead
to defeat the University of Vermont to midfield, was also a key contribu- vanish a mere seven seconds later on
(4-5) March 26, but then lost two tor in the new-look lineup, assisting another Hawley goal. The deadlock
tight away matchups to No. 3 Duke on three goals while scoring two held for the next eight minutes, but
University (8-2, 2-0 ACC) and Ivy himself to add to his team-high 19 with 4:21 remaining Hawley brought
rival Princeton (2-5, 1-2). In the key tallies on the season. home his sixth and final score of
conference game against Princeton The Bears quickly found them- the day to put Brown up for good.
Saturday, the Bears fought back from selves in a 4-1 hole after a shaky Parker Brown put the game out of
two goals down to tie the game at first quarter. Feinberg notched his reach with an insurance goal in the
the end of regulation but fell 5-4 in first score of the game early in the final two minutes, and the Bears
a quadruple-overtime marathon. second, but a Catamount goal right walked away from the wild game
“We just haven’t made the big before the half extended Vermont’s with a win.
plays we need to make,” said attacker lead to 5-2 at intermission. “It was a good feeling to have
Parker Brown ’12. “I don’t think it But Bruno came out with its a come-from-behind win finally,”
has anything to with our composure guns blazing in the third quarter Brown said. “We’ve lost those close
or our preparation or the way we and scored five consecutive goals games so far this year, so it was a
practice or the amount of work we — including two from Hawley — nice win.”
put in. During games, we just haven’t to turn the tables and gain a 7-5
Jonathan Bateman / Herald stepped up and scored goals.” advantage. Duke 12, Brown 7
David Hawley ’11 went on an offensive tear over the break, scoring 11 goals “I think it showed a lot of lead- Fresh off the victory, the Bears
in three games, including a crucial six in men’s lacrosse come-from-behind Brown 12, Vermont 10 ership on our seniors’ part and our
win against the University of Vermont. Brown kicked off its spring break coach’s part to get us back into the continued on page 8