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IEC-61850 Based

Substation Automation Solution

R. P. Gupta, Ph.D.
DGM and Adj. Assoc. Professor
Distribution Automation Research Centre
Corporate R & D and Quality
Crompton Greaves Ltd.
Mumbai
Oct 30-31, 2007

30/10/2007 Created By : Dr. R. P. Gupta Dept : DARC Div : R & D 1


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Presentation

- Introduction

- Substation Automation Architecture in compliance


with IEC61850

- IEC61850 Protocol and standards

- Conceptual Realization of SA Function in IEC61850 Environment

- Conclusions

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Conventional Substation with
Control & Relay Panels

A Bunch of Hard
Control--Wires
Control

Control Room

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Automated Substation

Ethernet Wire

Control Room

Key Benefits
Reduction in the size of panels and control room
Reduction in hard control wirings
Efficient system operation using computer aided control decision
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Reduction
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IEC61850 Based Substation Automation
SCADA
Substation Computer Substation
Level Control
Intelligence Ethernet Room

Ethernet Switch

Ethernet

Bay Level Monitoring Protection Monitoring Protection


Intelligence & Control & Control

× Hard ×
Control-Wire
Control- Outdoor
Switch-- yard
Switch

CT PT CT PT

× ×
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A Typical Substation Automation System
To / From Master
Main Backup Control Centre
Main Backup Human Machine Human Machine (MCC)
Substation Unit Substation Unit Interface (HMI) Interface (HMI)
(SU) (SU) Gateway

IEC61850 Over
Fibre Optic Cable

GOOSE GOOSE
Messages Messages

BCU and BPU BCU and BPU BCU and BPU


BCU : Bay Cantrol Unit, BPU : Bay Protection Unit
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Basic SCADA Functions
Data Monitoring and Control Functions
• File • Alarm
• Open • Alarm List
• Print Preview • Alarm Setting
• Print • Alarm Blocking List
• Exit • Filters
• View • Reports
• Default Layout
• Customized Layout
• Event Reports
• Customized Layout Setting • Log Reports
• Static and dynamic data • Other Reports
• Find • Event Filters
• Go To • Logout
• Zoom
• Operation
• Start Automation
• Stop Automation
• Switch Close Operation
• Switch Open Operation
• Time Synchronization
• Refresh

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Data Communication Protocol

- Key Element for Substation Automation

- Protocol required to interpret the data at both ends of


communication system in same way

- Conventional Protocol – Tag + Data


(Tag mapping table required for system integration)

- IEC61850 Protocol – Context + Data


(Context is defined in the IEC61850 Standard.)

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Integration & Interoperability

- Importing ICD File from IEDs

- IED configuration as per requirement using


IED Configuration Tools

- Exporting CID File to IEDs

- Importing CID File from IEDs

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IEC61850 Based Design Concept of
Substation Automation

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An Example of Protection system

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IEC61850 Based Data Modeling

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IEC61850 Based IEDs / Relays

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IEC61850 Based Data
Communication Stacks

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IEC61850 Based Data Model

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IEC61850 Based References

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Data Exchange Between
SCADA Computer and IEDs

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Input and Output of IEDs

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Output Model

Step-1 Step-2

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IEC61850 Based Reporting & Logging
Mechanism

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IEC61850 Based Reporting Mechanism

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Client-Server Transaction for Reporting
Mechanism

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Reporting Data Sequence

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Client-Server Transaction for Logging
Mechanism

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IED to IED Communication

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Building Block of Server system

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Conclusions

- IEC61850 provides full interoperability feature

- 3rd party IED can be easily integrated into the existing


substation using ICD and CID files

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Thanks …

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