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SAMPLE QUESTIONS

1. A technician is to prepare 1.000 L of a 0.2835 M solution of HCl. The technician has


concentrated HCl available. The concentration of the concentrated HCl is 12.0 M.

a) Indicate the volume of concentrated HCl necessary for the preparation of the dilute
HCl solution.

b) If the technician is asked to exercise the maximum precision possible, what pieces of
glassware should he choose to measure the calculated volume of concentrated HCl and to
prepare the final dilute solution.

c) What is the %Er incurred in the measurement of the calculated volume of HCl?
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2. The level of cholesterol in a healthy, fit adult should not exceed 200 mg/dL. A blood sample
is extracted from a patient and the measured cholesterol level is 283 mg/dL. The laboratory
technician decides to repeat the analysis. The following data summarize the results:
Determination # mg cholesterol/dL of blood
1 283
2 226
3 242
4 252
a) If the level of confidence required is 96%, should the technician throw away any of
the results? If so, which one?

b) Calculate the average and the standard deviation. In the calculation of the standard
deviation, make sure to include all the calculation steps leading to the final answer.

c) Based on the above data, indicate the way in which the lab technician should report
the results with a 95% confidence level.

d) If by a more accurate method of analysis, the “true” cholesterol concentration is


determined to be 245 mg/dL, what is the %Er in the determination performed by the technician?
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3. If the amount of sodium sulfite (Na2SO3) is to be determined by acid-base titrimetry,


a) Write the sequential and overall chemical reactions that take place during the titration.

b) How many mole(s) of Na2SO3 are to be titrated by half a mole of HCl?

c) Suppose that the lab technician has a 0.03959 M HCl solution and the % of Na2SO3 in
the sample is 21.45%. If the lab technician weighs 0.4422 g of sample, how many mL of HCl
will be used to reach the final end point?
(AWNa: 22.99, AWs: 32.07, AWO: 16.00)

4. A solution of NaOH is made by weighing 0.3023 g of NaOH and adding enough water to
prepare 450 mL of solution. Calculate pH and pOH.
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5. 2.000 L of an HCl solution of pH 3.25 need to be prepared. If a 1.000 M stock solution of


HCl is available, indicate how you would go about preparing the pH 3.25 solution. (Indicate
volumes of stock and water needed and glassware to be used if maximum precision is required.)

6. What is the molarity of concentrated (undiluted) HNO3 if its concentration is 70 % (w/w) and
its specific gravity is 1.42 kg/L?