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dsoy dk;kZy; iz;ksx ds fy;s © Hkkjr ljdkj & 2012

2012
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy,
Printed at : New Print India Pvt. Ltd.

Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk dk;kZy;


2@,] ekuflag jksM] ubZ fnYyh&110011
https://www.censusindia.gov.in
fo"k; lwph

vkHkkj . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 05

izkDdFku. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06

bl iqfLrdk dk iz;ksx dSls djsa\ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 07

v/;k; & 1 izLrkouk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08


Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe
flfoy jftLVªs'ku ds mn~ns'; ,oa mi;ksx
jftLVªs'ku inkuqØe
;g iqfLrdk D;ksa\
iqfLrdk fdlds fy, mi;ksxh\
eq[; lans'k

v/;k; & 2 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969% ,d n`f"V esa
vf/kfu;e dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk,a@izko/kku
flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh dk iquxZBu
tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds vf/kdkj {ks= dks foLr`r djus gsrq dh
xbZ igy
eq[; lans'k

v/;k; & 3 flfoy jftLVªs’ku dk;ZdrkZvksa dh Hkwfedk vkSj mÙkjnkf;Ro. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24


flfoy jftLVªs'ku dk;ZdrkZvksa dh Hkwfedk vkSj mÙkjnkf;Ro
3-v jftLVªkjksa vkSj mi jftLVªkjksa ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk
jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj dk dk;kZy; LFkkfir djuk
tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dk jftLVªs'ku
lwpuknkrk
uksfVQk;j ¼vf/klwpd½
jftLVsª'ku izfØ;k,a
jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr;k¡
e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRldh; izek.k i=
fofHkUu fLFkfr;ksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVsª'ku
vfHkys[kksa vkSj lkaf[;dh dk j[kj[kko
'kr izfr'kr jftLVsª'ku lqfuf'pr djuk\
eq[; lans'k
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 04

3-c ftyk vkSj vij ftyk jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk


eq[; lans'k
3-l eq[; jftLVªkj vkSj vij eq[; jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk
okf"kZd fjiksVZ izLrqr djuk
eq[; lans'k

vuqyXud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
vuqyXud I tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969
vuqyXud II tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku dh vkn'kZ fu;ekoyh 1999
vuqyXud III tUe&e`R;q ,oa e`r&tUe fjiksVZ izi= Hkjus lEcU/kh vuqns'k
vuqyXud IV nRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi= Hkjus ds fy;s vuqns”k
vuqyXud V flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh izi=
05

vkHkkj

;g izf'k{k.k iqfLrdk Hkkjr ljdkj ds egkjftLVªkj ds dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh }kjk flfoy jftLVªs'ku
dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, Hkkjrh; LokLF; izcU/k 'kks/k laLFkku ¼vkbZ- vkbZ- ,p- ,e- vkj½ t;iqj us ;wuhlsQ
ubZ fnYyh dh lgk;rk ls rS;kj dh gS bl iqfLrdk esa vko';d la'kks/ku ebZ ,oa twu] 2012 esa iw.kZ
ijh{k.k gsrq vk;ksftr dk;Z'kkykvksa ,oa mlesa Hkkx ysus okys izfrHkkfx;ksa ftyk@vij ftyk jftLVªkj]
jftLVªkj ,oa mi jftLVªkj }kjk fn, x, lq>koksa ds vk/kkj ij fd;k x;k gSA

Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk dk;kZy; fuEufyf[kr O;fDr;ksa o laLFkkuksa }kjk cgqewY; rduhdh fuos'k
ds fy, vkHkkjh gSA

rduhdh ;ksxnku%
MkW- uwru tSu] vkbZ- vkbZ- ,p- ,e- vkj- t;iqj] ds- Mh- eSrh] Iykfuax] ekWfuVfjax ,.M bosY;w'ku fo'ks"kK]
'kkUruq xqIrk] ekWfuVfjax ,.M bosY;w'ku vkWQhlj] ;wuhlsQ] ubZ fnYyh] HkkLdj feJk vkSj ih- ,- feuh]
mi egkjftLVªkj] Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh] vt; [kUuk] mi funs'kd] Hkkjr ds
egkjftLVªkj dk dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh] ,- ds- lDlsuk] lhfu;j dUlyVsVa ] lh- vkj- ,l-] vkj- ds- xkSre]
ofj"V vuql/a kku vf/kdkjh] vkj- Mh- 'kekZ] mes'k fuxe] lkaf[;dh vUos"kd xzMs I o II Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj
dk dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh] ,l- Mh- xqIrk] funs'kd] ,y- ih- flag] lqj's k tks'kh] vkbZ- vkbZ- ,p- ,e- vkj-]
t;iqj] dqynhi HkVukxj] mi eq[; jftLVªkj] jktLFkku ljdkj] txr ekFkqj] lkaf[;dh lgk;d] jktLFkku
ljdkj] nhis'k nos] dUlyVsVa ¼lh- vkj- ,l½ xqtjkr ljdkjA

iqfLrdk dh leh{kk%
Jh ,u lh lqczeU;u] HkwriwoZ la;qDr eq[; jftLVªkj] rfeyukMq

iqfLrdk dk iwoZ ijh{k.k%


eq[; jftLVªkj] tUe e`R;q] fnYyh ljdkj ,oa eq[; jftLVªkj] tUe e`R;q] jktLFkku ljdkj
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 06

izkDdFku

Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh] tks ns'k esa laoS/kkfud lanHkZ dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, tUe vkSj
e`R;q dh lrr~ vkSj LFkk;h fjdkfMZax gS] ,d 'krkCnh ls Hkh vf/kd iqjkuh gSA o"kZ 1969 esa ,d dsUnzh;
vf/kfu;e] tks fd tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e] 1969 ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS] ykxw fd;k
x;k] ftlus ns'k esa tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k laca/kh izpfyr fHkUu&fHkUu dkuwuksa dk LFkku fy;kA bl
vf/kfu;e us iwjs ns'k esa jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh dks ,dhd`r dj fn;k vkSj tUe o e`R;q jftLVªs'ku dks
vfuok;Z dj fn;kA blesa vf/kfu;e dks ykxw djus ds fy, izko/kkuksa] e'khujh] fl)kUrksa] vf/kdkfj;ksa
vkSj tqekZuksa dks Hkh ifjHkkf"kr fd;k x;kA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj ns'k esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku lqfuf'pr djus
ds fy, vko';d gS fd jftLVªs'ku dk;Z esa yxs gq, O;fDr vf/kfu;e o le; le; ij cus fu;eksa
ds izko/kkuksa ls iwjh rjg ifjfpr gksaA bl iqfLrdk dks mijksDr mn~ns'; dks iwjk djus ds fy, rS;kj
fd;k x;k gSA vk'kk dh tkrh gS fd ;g flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ls tqM+s leLr dk;ZdrkZvksa dks
viuh Hkwfedkvksa o mÙkjnkf;Roksa ls ifjfpr djokus ,oa mUgsa viuh ftEesnkfj;ksa dk fuoZgu djus esa
ekxZn'kZu nsxhA

eSa Hkkjrh; LokLF; izcU/k 'kks/k laLFkku ¼vkbZ vkbZ ,p ,e vkj½ t;iqj dks bl iqfLrdk dks cukus ds
fy, /kU;okn nsrk gwaA fo'ks"k :i ls eSa MkW- uwru tSu] lg&izksQslj] vkbZ vkbZ ,p ,e vkj t;iqj]
,oa loZJh ,l Mh xqIrk] ,y ih flag] lqjs'k tks'kh] vkbZ vkbZ ,p ,e vkj] t;iqj] ds dk;Z dh iz'kalk
djrk gwaA eSa Jh HkkLdj feJk vkSj Jherh ih- ,- feuh] mi egkjftLVªkj] Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk
dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh] Jh vt; [kUuk] mi funs'kd] Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh]
Jh , ds lDlsuk] lhfu;j dUlyVsaV dh Hkh ljkguk djrk gwa ,oa /kU;okn nsrk gwa ftUgksaus MkW- vkj- lh-
lsBh] Hkkjr ds vij egkjftLVªkj ds lEiw.kZ ekxZn'kZu esa vkbZ- vkbZ- ,p- ,e- vkj- dks fo"k; laca/kh iw.kZ
lg;ksx ,oa ekxZn'kZu fn;kA eSa mu lcdks Hkh /kU;okn nsrk gwa ftUgksaus bl iqfLrdk dks vU; Hkkjrh;
Hkk’kkvksa esa vuqokn djus esa lg;ksx fn;kA var esa eSa ;wfulsQ ds fnYyh dk;kZy; vkSj Jh ds- Mh- eSrh]
Iykfuax] ekWfuVfjax ,.M bosY;w'ku fo'ks"kK ,oa Jh 'kkUruq xqIrk] ekWfuVfjax ,.M bosY;w'ku vkWQhlj]
;wuhlsQ dks bl iqfLrdk ds izdk'ku esa muds lefiZr lg;ksx ds fy, gkfnZd /kU;okn nsrk gwaA

ubZ fnYyh MkW- p- pUnzekSfy


tqykbZ] 2012 Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj]
07

bl iqfLrdk dk iz;ksx dSls djsa\

bl iqfLrdk esa 3 v/;k; gS%


v/;k; 1: izLrkouk
v/;k; 2: tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969
v/;k; 3: flfoy jftLVªs'ku dk;ZdrkZvksa dh Hkwfedk vkSj mŸkjnkf;Ro

vuqyXud dk ,d lsV Hkh bl iqfLrdk ds var esa yxk;k x;k gS%


vuqyXud I tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969
vuqyXud II tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku dh vkn'kZ fu;ekoyh 1999
vuqyXud III tUe&e`R;q ,oa e`r&tUe fjiksVZ izi= Hkjus lEcU/kh vuqns'k
vuqyXud IV nRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi= Hkjus ds fy;s vuqns”k
vuqyXud V flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh izi=

v/;k; 1 Ukkxfjd iathdj.k iz.kkyh ds ifjp; ds vfrfjDr Hkkjr esa blds bfrgkl] jftLVªs'ku vuqØe
vkSj iqfLrdk ds mn~ns';ksa ds ckjs esa crk;k x;k gSA ftlds ds fy, izf'k{k.k iqfLrdk cukbZ x;h gSA

v/;k; 2 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 dh ,d fogaxe n`f"V izLrqr dh x;h gSA

v/;k; 3 dsUnz] jkT;ksa vkSj dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkfj;kas dh
Hkwfedk ,oa dRrZO;ksa dh ppkZ djrk gSA bl v/;k; dks rhu mi Hkkxksa esa ckaVk x;k gS% ftuesa jkT; vkSj
mi jkT; Lrj ij jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa ds mÙkjnkf;Roksa ds izHkkoh fuoZgu ds fy, ekxZn'kZuksa ij ppkZ dh
x;h gSA
3.v jftLVªkjksa vkSj mi jftLVªkjksa ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk
3.c ftyk vkSj vij ftyk jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk
3.l eq[; jftLVªkj vkSj vij eq[; jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk

bu miHkkxksa esa blds vykok vU; jkT;ksa esa vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds fuoZgu ds fy, viuk, x,
loksZÙke vkpj.kksa dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k x;k gS] ftlls vxj ;s mi;ksxh yxs rks nwljs jkT;ksa esa Hkh bUgsa
iz;ksx esa yk;k tk ldsA blds vfrfjDr ckj ckj iwNs tkus okys egRoiw.kZ iz'uksa ds Li"Vhdj.k Hkh tgk¡
t:jh yxs 'kkfey fd, x, gSA izR;sd v/;k; o mi Hkkx ds vUr esa eq[; lans'k Hkh fn;s x;s gSA

lEidZ lwpuk%
vxj bl lanHkZ esa vki dksbZ Li"Vhdj.k pkgsa rks fu%ladksp bl irs ij lEidZ djsa: drg-crs.rgi@nic.in

le; ds vuqlkj gksus okys cnykoksa dh tkudkjh gsrq Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk;kZy; dh csolkbV
http://www.censusindia.gov.in ns[ksaA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 08

v/;k; 1
izLrkouk

izR;sd tUe ,oa e`R;q dk


jftLVªhdj.k vfuok;Z gS
09 v/;k; 1

,d O;fDr dh ftanxh dks ifjHkkf"kr djus ds fy, tUe vkSj e`R;q


nks izeq[k ?kVuk,a gaSA u dsoy ;s ,d O;fDr ds oS/kkfud vfLrRo dks
n'kkZrh gS oju~ bu ?kVukvksa dk jftLVªs'ku ml tula[;k dk eq[;
vk/kkjHkwr lwpuk lzksr gS ftldk os fgLlk gaSA Ukkxfjd iathdj.k
¼flfoy jftLVªs'ku½ thoukad ?kVukvksa tSls tUe] e`R;q] fookg] e`r tUe]
vkSj rykd ds ?kfVr gksus o muds y{k.kksa dk vfuok;Z vfHkys[ku gSA
bu ?kVukvksa ls lacaf/kr vkadM+s thoukad lkaf[;dh dgykrs gS] ;|fi
bl iqfLrdk ds lanHkZ esa Ukkxfjd iathdj.k ¼flfoy jftLVªs'ku½ ls
vfHkizk; tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ls gh gSA
1.1 thoukad lkaf[;dh] ftlesa tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k lfEefyr
gS] dks Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh leorhZ lwph ds varxZr Øekad 30 ij n'kkZ;k
x;k gSA

1.2 Hkkjrljdkj] la;qDr jk"Vª egklHkk] 1989 eas cPpksa ds vf/kdkj laca/kh
izLrko ij gLrk{kjh gksus ds ukrs] izR;sd tUe dk jftLVªs'ku lqfuf'pr
djus ds fy, dfVcö gSA

1.3 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 ds ykxw gksus ds ckn
ls Hkkjr esa tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku vfuok;Z gSA bl
vf/kfu;e ds varxZr jftLVªhdj.k ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ds vk/kkj
ij fd;k tkrk gSA vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh
lqLIk"V ifjHkk"kk vkxkeh v/;k; eas nh x;h gSA

1.4 vf/kfu;e ls igys dkuwuh ekudksa dh ,d:irk ds vHkko eas ns'k ds


vyx&vyx Hkkxksa esa jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k,sa dkQh fHkUu FkhA tUe vkSj e`R;q
jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 ds ykxw gksus ls iwjs ns'k esa jftLVªs'ku dh
,d tSlh O;oLFkk gks xbZA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 10

1.5 jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkjh gksus ds ukrs bLk O;oLFkk dks lqpk: cuk;s
j[kus esa vkidh Hkwfedk jh<+ dh gM~Mh tSlh gSA ;g iqfLrdk vkidks
jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh] mldh izfØ;k vkSj vkidh Hkwfedk ls lqifjfpr djus
ds fy, rS;kj dh xbZ gSA vki bldk bLrseky vius dÙkZO;ksa dks fuHkkus
esa lanHkZ iqfLrdk ds :i esa Hkh dj ldrs gaSA vr% vkils vuqjks/k gS fd
vki bls lko/kkuhiwoZd i<+saA

Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªs’ku iz.kkyh dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe


tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs’ku 1.6 Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh dk bfrgkl 19oha 'krkCnh ds e/;
vf/kfu;e 1969 ns’k ds ls 'kq: gksrk gSA ml le; bldh 'kq#vkr tula[;k fu;a=.k ds fy, ugha
vf/kdrj jkT;ksa esa oju~ e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku] egkekjh o chekfj;ksa ds fu;a=.k ds fy, lQkbZ
1 vizSy] 1970 ykxw gqvkA O;oLFkk esa lq/kkj ykus gsrq dh xbZ FkhA ;/kfi tUe ds ckjs esa cgqr de gh
bl vf/fku;e ls ns’k esa dgk x;k FkkA
izpfyr fofHkUu dkuwuh
izko/kkuksa dks lekIr fd;k 1.7 igys dk cjkM+ izns'k ,d ek= mnkgj.k gS] tgka 1866 esa jftLVªs'ku
x;k ,oa tUe] e`R;q ,oa dh 'kq:vkr gqbZ FkhA
e`r tUe ds jftLVsª’ku
dh ,d:i ,oa vfuok;Z 1.8 Hkkjr esa thoukad
a lkaf[;dh dks fodflr djus esa ;qxkUrjdkjh ?kVuk
O;oLFkk ykxw dh xbZA Hkkjrh; vdky vk;ksx ¼1880½ }kjk lkaf[;dh dh egÙkk ij cy fn;k
tkuk gS] ftlesa bafxr fd;k x;k gS fd xkao o dLcksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q
dk jftLVª's ku dkuwuh rkSj ls vfuok;Z gks vkSj eq[; thoukad
a lkaf[;dh dks
ekfld rkSj ij fujarj :i ls izdkf'kr fd;k tk;sA iwjs fczfV'k Hkkjr esa
LoSfPNd rkSj ij jftLVª's ku djkus ds fy, dsUnzh; tUe] e`R;q vkSj fookg
iath;u vf/kfu;e dks 1886 esa gh ?kksf"kr fd;k x;k FkkA pwfa d ;g vf/kfu;e
lhfer 'kfDr j[krk Fkk] vr% bl fo"k; ij igys ls ykxw dkuwuksa vFkok
LFkkuh; Lrj ij gksus okys dkuwuksa dks izHkkfor ugha dj ldrk FkkA

1.9 ,d:i dkuwuh izko/kkuksa ds vHkko esa jftLVªs'ku izFkk o izko/kku ns'k
ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa vyx vyx FksA 1956 esa jkT;ksa ds iquxZBu ls fLFkfr
vkSj Hkh tfVy gks x;hA ;g ns'k ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa tUe jftLVªs'ku
lEcU/kh vf/kfu;e o fu;eksa dh fofo/krk ds lanHkZ es ijLij fojks/kh FkhA
,d:i dkuwuh izko/kkuksa ds vHkko dh i`"BHkwfe esa jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh esa
lq/kkj ykus ds fy, dsUnzh; Lrj ij dkuwu dk fuekZ.k vko';d gks x;kA
rn~uqlkj Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj us vizsy 1961 esa thoukad lkaf[;dh ds
lq/kkj ds fy, lEesyu cqyk;k ftlesa tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku dks
vfuok;Z djus ds fy, ,d dsUnzh; dkuwu dks tYnh gh ykxw djus dh
flQkfj'k dh x;h FkhA ifj.kkeLo:i tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku fcy
is'k fd;k x;k ftls laln ds nksuksa lnuks us ikfjr fd;k bl fcy dks
31 ebZ] 1969 dks jk"Vªifr dh eatwjh feyh vkSj 2 twu] 1969 dks Hkkjr ds
jkti= vlk/kkj.k] Hkkx 2 vuqHkkx 1 esa vf/klwfpr fd;k x;kA
11 v/;k; 1

1.10 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ¼vkj ch Mh ,DV½ 1969 ns'k
ds vf/kdrj jkT;ksa esa 1 vizSy] 1970 vkSj blds ckn 'ks"k jkT;ksa o dsUnz
'kkflr izns'kksa esa ykxw gqvkA ¼vuqyXud I½

1.11 vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, dsUnzh; fof/k


ea=ky; ds ijke'kZ ls Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk;kZy; us vkn'kZ fu;e
¼1970½ cuk, ftlesa jftLVªs'ku ls lacaf/kr QkWeZ o jftLVªs'ku dh izfØ;k
crk;h x;hA ifj.kkeLo:i jkT;ksa us Hkh vkn'kZ fu;eksa ds vuq:i tUe
vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy,
jkT; fu;e cuk,A

1.12 Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk;kZy; us 1999 esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh


ds lkaf[;dh izdk;Z dh O;kid leh{kk dh ,oa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k
iz.kkyh dks la'kksf/kr fd;k ftlds vUrZxr u;s vkn'kZ fu;e cuk, vkSj
jkT;ksa dks fn, x, rkfd os Hkh vius jkT; esa blds vuqdwy fu;e cuk,aA]
u, fu;e T;knkrj jkT;ksa o dsUnz'kkflr izns'kksa esa 1 tuojh 2000 ls ykxw
gq, ¼vuqyXud II½

flfoy jftLVªs’ku ds mn~ns’; ,oa mi;ksx


1.13 flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds rhu mn~ns'; gS&
i. dkuwuh@oS/kkfud
ii. iz'kklfud] vkSj
iii. lkaf[;dh;
bUgsa ckWDl esa foLrkj ls crk;k x;k gS

O;fDr ds fy, Û tUe jftLVªs'ku fjdkMZ tUe dk LFkku o tUe frfFk dk dkuwuh izek.k gS
oS/kkfud ,oae Û e`R;q jftLVªs'ku fjdkMZ dh t#jr iSr`d lEifRr] chek dk nkok is'k djus vkfn esa gksrh gS
laj{k.kkRed Û ;g Hkkjrh; lk{; vf/kfu;e] 1872 ds rgr lk{; dh egRrk j[krk gS
mi;ksx
iz'kklfud mi;ksx Û LFkku ds vuqlkj tUe vkSj e`R;q dk ,d oS/kkfud jftLVj gS
Û e`R;q ,oa e`R;q ds dkj.kksa dk eq[; L=ksr] LokLF; fu;kstu esa lgk;rk iznku djuk vkfn
lkaf[;dh mi;ksx Û LokLF; iz.kkyh ds fodkl ,oa tula[;k fu;a=.k esa ,oa lkekftd vkfFkZd ;kstukvksa ds fy,
tulkaf[;dh vkadM+ksa dk L=ksr
Û vkxkeh o"kksZa esa tula[;k dk vuqeku yxkus vkSj tula[;d o`f) ds >qdko dks le>us ds
fy, iztuu o e`R;q laca/kh vkadM+s vko';d gS
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 12

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku izek.k i= ds dqN mi;ksx fuEufyf[kr gSaA ;g


lwph lkadsfrd gS] lEiw.kZ ugha%

tUe izek.k i= ds mi;ksx


¡ lekt dY;k.k ;kstukvksa ls ykHk ysus ds fy,
¡ cPps dk izFke vf/kdkj
¡ igpku LFkkfir djuk
¡ vk;q dk fu'p;kRed izek.k
— fd'kksjksa ds laj{k.k o ns[kHkky ds fy,
— fo|ky; esa izos'k gsrq
— Mªkbfoax ykblsal] ikliksVZ vkfn cuokus ds fy,
— erkf/kdkj ds fy, izek.k
¡ jk"Vªh; tula[;k jftLVj esa uke ntZ djuk
¼jk"Vªh; tula[;k jftLVj Hkkjr ljdkj dh ,d egRokdka{kh ifj;kstuk
gS] ftldk mn~ns'; ns'k esa jgus okys lHkh ukxfjdksa dk foLr`r MkVkcsl
rS;kj djuk gSA bl jftLVj dk v|ru tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k iz.kkyh
ds ek/;e ls gksxk½

e`R;q izek.k i= ds mi;ksx


¡ iSr`d o lEifÙk ds vf/kdkj ds LFkkkiu ds fy,
¡ chek jkf'k ikus ds fy,
¡ ifjokj isa'ku

jftLVªs’ku inkuqØe
1.14 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds vuqlkj fuEufyf[kr
jftLVªs'ku inkf/kdkjh ifjHkkf"kr gS&
¡ Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj & vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 3 ds rgr~ dsUnz ljdkj
}kjk jk"Vªh; Lrj ij fu;qDrA
¡ eq[; jftLVªkj@vij eq[; jftLVªkj@mi eq[; jftLVªkj&vf/kfu;e
dh /kkjk 4 ds vUrZxr jkT;@dsUnz 'kkflr izns'k iz'kklu }kjk jkT;@
dsUnz 'kkflr izns'k ij fu;qDrA
¡ ftyk jftLVªkj vkSj vij ftyk jftLVªkj& vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 6 ds
vUrZxr ftyk Lrj ij jkT; ljdkj@dsUnz 'kkflr iz'kklu }kjk fu;qDrA
¡ jftLVªkj vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 7 ¼1½ ds rgr~ jkT; ljdkj@dsUnz 'kkflr
iz'kklu }kjk izR;sd LFkkuh; {ks= tks uxjikfydk] iapk;r ;k LFkkuh;
izkf/kdkj vFkok nks ;k nks ls vf/kd ds la;qDr {ks= ds fy, fu;qDrA
¡ mijftLVªkj & vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 7 ¼5½ ds rgr~ eq[; jftLVªkj
ds vuqeksnu ij jftLVªkj }kjk vius vf/kdkj {ks= ds fo'ks"k {ks= ds
fy, fu;qDrA
13 v/;k; 1

vki flfoy jftLVªhdj.k iz.kkyh ds dehZ gksus ds ukrs ,d oS/kkfud


dk;Z dj jgs gSaA vr% vki dks tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e
o lEcfU/kr fu;eksa o izko/kkuksa dh iwjh tkudkjh gksuh pkfg,A blds
vfrfjDr Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj o vkids jkT;@dsUnz 'kkflr izns'k }kjk
fn, x, Li"Vhdj.k lss Hkh vki ifjfpr gksus pkfg,A

1.15 jk"Vªh;
o mi jk"Vªh; Lrj ij vf/kfu;e esa ifjHkkf"kr jftLVªs'ku
inkuqØe fp= 1 esa izLrqr fd;k tk jgk gSA

fp= 1 jftLVªhdj.k laca/kh inkf/kdkjh ¼tUe ,oa e`R;q½


jk"Vªh; Lrj
Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj

jkT; Lrj
eq[; jftLVªkj
¼iz/kku lfpo@lfpo@egkfuns'kd LokLF; lsok;sa@funs'kd&vkfFkZd
,oa lkaf[;dh@;kstuk ,oa lkaf[;dh bR;kfn½

vij@mi eq[; jftLVªkj


¼funs'kd@mi funs'kd LokLF; lsok;sa@mi funs'kd vkfFkZd
,oa lkaf[;dh bR;kfn½

ftyk Lrj
ftyk jftLVªkj
¼ftyk eftLVªsV@mi vk;qä@eq[; fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh@ftyk LokLF; vf/kdkjh@ftyk
lkaf[;dh vf/kdkjh] eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh ¼lh-bZ-vks-½ bR;kfn½

vij ftyk jftLVªkj


¼eq[; fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh@ftyk LokLF; vf/kdkjh@ftyk lkaf[;dh vf/kdkjh@fodkl
vf/kdkjh] iapk;r lfefr bR;kfn½

LFkuh; Lrj
jftLVªkj
¼LokLF; vf/kdkjh@dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh@uxj ikfydk@uxj fuxe@izk-Lok- dsUnz ,oa
lk-Lok-dsUnz ds izHkkjh@iapk;r dehZ@lsod@xzke lsod bR;kfn½

mi jftLVªkj
¼ftyk vLirky ds izHkkjh vf/kdkjh@izk-Lok- dsUnz ,oa lk-Lok-dsUnz ds izHkkjh@v/;kid@xzkeh.k
Lrj ds dk;ZdÙkkZ@iapk;r dehZ@dEI;wVj@jftLVªs'ku DydZ bR;kfn½

uksV% vyx vyx jkT;ks@ a dsUnz'kkflr izn's kksa esas fofHkUu Lrjksa ij mijksDr of.kZr inksa ds vykok Hkh dbZ
inkf/kdkfj;ks@
a deZpkfj;ksa dks jftLVsª'ku dk;Z esa yx;k x;k gS vr% Åij fn[kk, x, inksa ds vykok Hkh
jftLVsª'ku dk;Z esa vU; O;fDr yxs gq, gks ldrs gSa
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 14

;g iqfLrdk D;ksa\
;g izf'k{k.k iqfLrdk izkFkfed Lrj ij jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa dh vf/kfu;e
o fu;eksa ds ckjs esa {kerko/kZu ds fy, fodflr dh x;h gSA blds vykok
;g lHkh jkT;ksa o dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa lHkh fgr/kkfj;ksa ds fy, izf'k{k.k
dk;ZØeksa esa ,d:irk o Js"Brk ykus ds fy, ,d dne gSA

;g iqfLrdk fofo/k Lrj ij dk;Zjr jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa ds fy, fuEu


fcanqvksa ij lgk;d gksxhA
¡ vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa] fu;eksa o jftLVªs'ku izfØ;kvksa dks le>uk@
iqujkorZuA
¡ iz.kkyh ds rgr~ lwpuk ,df=r djus dh xq.koÙkk esa lq/kkjA
¡ jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa ds fy, le; le; ij izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr
djukA
¡ vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa 'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku izkIr djuk ,ao cuk,
j[kukA

1.16 bl iz.kkyh esa csgrj dk;Z fu"iknu ds fy, ;g okaNuh; gS fd


jftLVªs'ku dk;Z esa yxs dehZ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds
izko/kkuksa o fu;eksa laca/kh vius Kku o n{krk dks tkap ysaA

iqfLrdk fdlds fy, mi;ksxh\


1.17 ;g iqfLrdk flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds rgr~ jftLVªs'ku izfd;k ls
tqMs lHkh vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, fodflr dh x;h gS] fp= & 2 tSls

fp= 2 flfoy jftLVsª’ku inkf/kdkjh vf/kdkjh ¡ eq[;jftLVªkj vkSj vij eq[;


jftLVªkj@mieq[; jftLVªkj
¡ ftyk jftLVªkj vkSj vij

vij e[q ; jftLVªkj@mi ftyk jftLVªkj


j@ e[q ; ¡ jftLVªkj
tLVªk jf
jf ¡ mi jftLVªkj
tL
;

Vªkj

Vªkj@vij ftyk j
e[q

jftL ftL
yk V
ft

ªkj

jftLVªkj

mi jftLVªkj
15 v/;k; 1

eq[; lans’k
¡ Ukkxfjd iathdj.k ¼flfoy jftLVªs'ku½ tUe] e`R;q] fookg] Hkwz.k
e`R;q o rykd tSlh ?kVukvksa ds ?kfVr gksus ,oe~ muds y{k.kksa
dk ,d fujarj LFkkbZ o vfuok;Z vfHkys[ku gSA

¡ flfoy jftLVªs'ku dk bfrgkl 19oha 'krkCnh ds e/; ls 'kq:


gksrk gSA

¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds ykxw gksus


ls igys jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k,a ,oa izko/kkuksa esa ns'kHkj esa dkQh
fHkUurk FkhA

¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds rgr~ tUe]


e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku vfuok;Z gSA

¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q lfgr thoukad lkaf[;dh jkT; ljdkj@


dsUnz 'kkflr iz'kklu vkSj Hkkjr dh dsUnz ljdkj ds la;qDr
rRok/kku vkSj Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh leorhZ lwph ds vUrxZr
vkrk gSA

¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ns'k] jkT;@dsUnz


'kkflr izns'kksa ds fy, jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkfj;ksa dks vf/kfu;e
ds izko/kkuksa dks Øk;Zfor djus ds fy, ifjHkkf"kr djrk gSA
jftLVªhdj.k xfrfof/k;ka vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ,oae fu;eksa ds
vUrxZr inukfer O;fDr;ksa }kjk gh dh tk ldrh gSA

¡ ;g iqfLrdk lHkh flfoy jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa ds fy, rS;kj dh


x;h gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 16

v/;k; 2
tUe vkSj e`R;q
jftLVªhdj.k
vf/kfu;e 1969
izR;sd tUe ,oa e`R;q dk
jftLVªhdj.k vfuok;Z gS
17 v/;k; 2

vkius v/;k; 1 esa ns'k esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh dk bfrgkl] tUe
vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds ykxw gksus ds izHkkoh dkj.k]
jftLVªs'ku laca/kh inkf/kdkjh vkSj bl iqfLrdk dks cukus ds mn~ns'; dks
tkukA vkius ;g Hkh tkuk fd lEiw.kZ ns'k esa vf/kfu;e ds fØ;kUo;u
dh ftEesnkjh jkT; ljdkj@dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa fufgr gSA izLrqr
v/;k; dk mn~ns'; vkidks vf/kfu;e dh ,d fogaxe n`f"V] bldh eq[;
fo'ks"krk,a vkSj vf/kdkj {ks«k dks c<+kus ds fy, dh xbZ igy gSA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969% ,d n`f"V esa


2.1 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ,d dsUnzh; vf/kfu;e gS
tks tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku dh ,d:irk o rqyukRedrk
dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, rS;kj fd;k x;k gSA rkfd ?kVuk dks mlds ?kfVr
gksus ds LFkku ij jftLVj fd;k tk ldsA

lEiw.kZ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 vuqyXud 1 esa fn;k tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k
x;k gSA vf/kfu;e esa ikap v/;k; vkSj 32 /kkjk,a gaSA v/;k;ksa dh tkudkjh vf/kfu;e] 1969 esa 5
bl izdkj gSa& v/;k; ,oa 32 /kkjk,a gSa

v/;k; 1 & ^^izkjfEHkd** esa nks /kkjk,a gSa] tks vf/kfu;e ds laf{kIr uke]
foLrkj vkSj izkjEHk rFkk ifjHkk"kk,a vkSj fuoZpu dks crkrk gSA

v/;k; 2 & ^^jftLVªhdj.k&LFkkiu** esa ikap /kkjk,a gSa] tks jftLVªs'ku dehZ
o mudh Hkwfedk o dÙkZO; vkSj ,tsUlh tks vf/kfu;eksa ds rgr~ mudh
fu;qfDr djrh gS] ds ckjs esa crkrk gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 18

v/;k; 3 & ^^tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k** v/;k; esa vkB /kkjk,a gaS
tks visf{kr O;fDr;ksa ¼lwpd½ ds tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVª's ku lEcU/kh dÙkZO;ks]a
uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd }kjk tUe e`R;q dh lwpuk nsuk] e`R;q ds dkj.kksa dks
izekkf.kr djus dk dqN O;fDr;ksa dk dÙkZO;] lwpd dks jftLVª's ku dh izfof"V;ksa
ds m)j.kksa dks tkjh djuk] tUe vkSj e`R;q dk foyfEcr jftLVªhdj.k] cPps ds
uke dk jftLVªhdj.k] jftLVj esa izfof"V;ksa dks Bhd ;k jn~n djuk 'kkfey gSA

v/;k; 4 & ^^vfHkys[kksa vkSj lkaf[;fd;ksa dks j[kuk** esa pkj /kkjk,a gSa tks
fofgr izk:i eas jftLVjksa dk jftLVªkjksa }kjk j[kk tkuk] tUe vkSj e`R;q
jftLVj dh ryk'kh ¼lpZ½] jftLVªs'ku dk;kZy;ksa dk fujh{k.k] dkfyd
foojf.k;ksa ¼ihfj;ksMhdy fjVuZ½ dk jftLVjksa }kjk eq[; jftLVªkj dks
ladyu ds fy, Hkstk tkuk crkrk gSA

v/;k; 5 & ^^izdh.kZ** esa rsjg /kkjk,a gSa tks Hkkjr ls ckgj ukxfjdksa ds tUe
vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªhdj.k ds ckjs esa fo'ks"k micU/k ¼izko/kku½] tUe ;k e`R;q
ds lEcU/k esa bfÙkyk vfHkizkIr djus dh jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr] funsZ'k nsus dh
'kfDr] 'kkfLr;ka ¼iSuYVht½] vijk/kksa ds iz'keu ¼dEikm.M vkWQfs Ult½ dh
'kfDr] vfHk;kstu ¼izkls hD;w'ku½ ds fy, eatjw h] jftLVªkjksa dks yksdlsod
le>k tkuk] 'kfDr;ksa dk izR;k;kstu ¼Msyhxs'ku½] ln~HkkoukiwoZd dh xbZ
dkjokbZ ds fy, ifj=k.k ¼izkVs Ds 'ku½ vkfn crkrk gSA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds varxZr fn, x, v/;k;ksa


o /kkjkvksa dks i`"B 19 ij fn, x, fp= 3 esa n'kkZ;k x;k gSA

vf/kfu;e dh izeq[k fo’ks"krk,a@izko/kku


2.2 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds izeq[k fo'ks"krk,a vkSj
izko/kku bl izdkj gS&
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku vfuok;Z gSA
¡ tUe dk vFkZ thfor tUe vkSj e`r tUe ls gSA
¡ ns'k esa gksus okyh lHkh tUe vkSj e`R;q dh fjiksfVZax o jftLVªs'ku ds
fy, gh ,d dkuwu [/kkjk 1 ¼2½]]
¡ dsUnz jkT;] ftyk vkSj LFkkuh; Lrj ij vf/kdkfj;ksa dks vf/kfu;e
ds izko/kkuksa ds fØ;kUo;u esa mudh Hkwfedk o dÙkZO;ksa dk fu/kkZj.k
djrk gSA [/kkjk 3] 4] 6 vkSj 7]
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku jftLVªkj dks ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku
vkSj vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa gh djuk gksrk gSA [/kkjk 7 ¼2½]]
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds 21 fnu ds vUnj fjiksVZ djuk
[/kkjk 8] fu;e 5 ¼3½]]
¡ ?kVuk dh fjiksVZ ds fy, fuf'pr O;fDr;kas@laLFkkuksa ds mÙkjnkf;Roksa
dks crkrk gSA [/kkjk 8 vkSj 9]]
19 v/;k; 2

fp= 3 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e% ,d utj esa

vH;k; 1 vH;k; 2 vH;k; 3 vH;k; 4 vH;k; 5


izkjfEHkd jftLVsª'ku LFkkiu tUe vkSj e`R;q vfHkys[kks o izdh.kZ
dk jftLVªhdj.k lkaf[;fd;ksa dks j[kuk

/kkjk 1% laf{kIr uke] /kkjk 3% Hkkjr dk /kkjk 8% tUe vkSj /kkjk 16% fofgr /kkjk 20% Hkkjr
foLrkj vkSj izjkEHk egkjftLVªkj e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k iz:i esa jftLVjksa dk ls ckgj ukxfjdks
djkus ds fy, jftLVªkjksa }kjk j[kk ds tUe vkSj e`R;q
visf{kr O;fDr tkuk jftLVªhdj.k ds ckjs
/kkjk 2% ifjHkk"kk,a /kkjk 4% eq[; esa fo'ks"k micU/k
vkSj fuoZpu jftLVªkj
/kkjk 9% ckxku esa /kkjk 17% tUe vkSj
tUe vkSj e`R;q e`R;q ds jftLVj dh /kkjk 21% tUe ;k e`R;q
/kkjk 5% ds laca/k esa fo'ks"k ds lac/a k esa bfÙkyk
jftLVªhdj.k [kaM ryk'kh
micU/k vfHkizkIr djus dh
jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr
/kkjk 6% ftyk /kkjk 18%
/kkjk 10% tUe vkSj jftLVªhdj.k
jftLVªkj e`R;q dh lwpuk nsus /kkjk 22% funsZ'k nsus
dk;kZy; dk fujh{k.k
vkSj e`R;q ds dkj.k dh 'kfDr
/kkjk 7% jftLVªkj dks izekf.kr djus
dk dqN O;fDr;ksa dk /kkjk 19% dkfyd
dŸkZO; foojf.k;ks dk /kkjk 23% 'kkfLr;ka
jftLVªkjksa }kjk eq[;
jftLVªkj dks ladyu /kkjk 24% vijk/kksa ds
/kkjk 11% bfÙkyk nsus ds fy, Hkstk tkuk
okys dks jftLVj ij iz'keu dh 'kfDr
gLrk{kj djuk
/kkjk 25% vfHk;kstu
/kkjk 12% bfÙkyk nsus ds fy, eatwjh
okys dks jftLVªs'ku
dh izfof"V;ks dks /kkjk 26% jftLVªkjksa
m}j.kksa dk fn;k vkSj mi jftLVªkjksa
tkuk dk yksd lsod
le>k tkuk
/kkjk 13% tUe vkSj
e`R;q dk foyfEcr /kkjk 27% 'kfDr;ksa dk
jftLVªhdj.k izR;k;kstu

/kkjk 14% ckyd ds /kkjk 28% ln~Hkkoiwod


Z
uke dk jftLVªhdj.k dh xbZ dkjZokbZ ds
fy, ifj«kk.k
/kkjk 15% tUe vkSj
e`R;q ds jftLVj esa /kkjk 29% bl
izfof"V dks Bhd ;k vf/kfu;e dk 1886
jn~n djuk ds vf/kfu;e la[;k
6 ds vyihdj.k esa
u gksuk

/kkjk 30% fu;e cukus


dh 'kfDr

/kkjk 31% fujlu vkSj


O;ko`fÙk

/kkjk 32% dfBukbZ nwj


djus dh 'kfDr
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 20

¡ fu/kkZfjr jftLVsª'ku m)j.k dk tUe e`R;q jftLVj ls fu'kqYd fn;k


tkuk [/kkjk 12]
¡ 21 fnu dh fu/kkZfjr vof/k ds ckn Hkh jftLVª's ku gks ldrk gSA [/kkjk 13]
¡ cPps ds fcuk uke ds jftLVªs'ku vkSj ckn esa uke tqM+okus dh vuqefr
nsrk gS [/kkjk 14] ckn esa uke tqM+okus dh vf/kdre vof/k lhek
15 lky fu;eksa esa fu/kkZfjr gSA]
¡ jftLVj esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dh izfof"V dks lgh ;k fujLr djus dh
vuqefr nsrk gSA [/kkjk 15]
¡ fdlh dks Hkh tkjh fd;k x;k dksbZ Hkh e`R;q izek.k i= e`R;q jftLVj esa
izfof"V fd, gq, e`R;q ds dkj.k dks izdV ugha djsxkA [/kkjk 17]
¡ Hkkjr ls ckgj ukxfjdksa ds tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªhdj.k ds fy,
fo'ks"k izko/kku [/kkjk 20]
¡ fjiksVZ@jftLVj ugha djus vkSj ykijokgh ds fy, tqekZuk yxkus dk
izko/kku [/kkjk 23]
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVjksa dks LFkk;h fjdkMZ dh rjg j[kuk [/kkjk 30]

2.3 vf/kfu;e vuqefr nsrk gS fd%


¡ vf/kfu;e ds ykxw gksus ls igys ?kfVr gq;h tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk
dk Hkh jftLVªs'ku gks ldrk gS [/kkjk 13 ¼3½]] vkSj
¡ jftLVªkj }kjk Lo% izsj.kk ds vk/kkj ij jftLVªs'ku [/kkjk 7 ¼2½]A

blesa fookg dk jftLVªs'ku 'kkfey ugha gS

flfoy jftLVªs’ku iz.kkyh dk iquxZBu


o"kZ 1999 esa jftLVsª’ku 2.4 tSlk fd igys mYys[k fd;k tk pqdk gS fd Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj
iz.kkyh ds iquxZBu ls iwoZ dk;kZy; us flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds lkaf[;dh izdk;Z dh lEiw.kZ
jftLVs’ku dk;Z esa dkQh leh{kk dh vkSj tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k iz.kkyh dk iquxZBu 1999 esa
dkxth dk;Zokgh gksrh fd;kA jftLVªs'ku dk;Z esa jftLVªkj ds Lrj ij dkQh dkxth dk;Zokgh
FkhA iquxZfBr iz.kkyh us lfEefyr gS vkSj ;s lwpuk izi= ds lkaf[;dh Hkkx dk jftLVªkj ls
bls de fd;k] fjiksVZ tek jkT; eq[;ky; rd gLrkarj.k dks izHkkfor djrk gSA iquxZfBr iz.kkyh us
djus esa gksus okyh nsjh dks jftLVªkjksa dh dkxth dk;Zokgh dks de fd;k gS vkSj fjiksVZ tek djus esa
lekIr fd;k rFkk thoukad gksus okyh nsjh dks lekIr fd;k gS vkSj thoukad lkaf[;dh ds ladyu esa
lkaf[;dh ds ladyu esa xfr iznku dh gSA iquxZBu iz.kkyh ds eq[; fo'ks"krk,a gS&
xfr iznku dhA
¡ jftLVªs'ku izi= dh fo"k;oLrq o vkdkj esa la'kks/ku fd;k tkuk
¡ izi= esa lkaf[;dh enksa ls fof/kd enksa dks vyx dj cnyko
fd;k tkuk
21 v/;k; 2

¡ u, laxr enksa tSls tUe ds le; cPpsa dk otu] xHkZ dh vof/k]


fookg ds le; ekrk dh vk;q dks 'kkfey fd;k tkuk
¡ uksfVQWk;j okys izi= dks gVkuk vkfnA

ifj.kkeLo:i dqy izi=ksa dh la[;k 21 ls ?kVdj 13 jg x;h gSA

bl iqfLrdk esa vkxs iquxZBu iz.kkyh dh foLrkj ls ppkZ dh x;h gSA

2.5 vf/kfu;e dks izHkkoh :i ls ykxw djus ds fy, Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj


}kjk rS;kj fd, x, vkn'kZ fu;e ¼ekWMy :Yl½ us jkT; ljdkjksa@dsUnz
'kkflr iz'kkluksa dks vius jkT; fu;eksa esa la'kks/ku djus ds fy, izsfjr
fd;kA vf/kdrj jkT;ksa o dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa la'kksf/kr fu;e 1 tuojh
2000 ls ykxw gq, gSA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds vf/kdkj {ks=


dks foLr`r djus gsrq dh xbZ igy
2.6 le; ds cnyko ds lkFk] xksn fy, x, cPpksa ds tUe jftLVªs'ku]
lsjksxslh] ,-vkj-Vh- vkSj bu foVªks QfVZykbts'ku rduhdksa }kjk tUesa
cPpksa dk jftLVªs'ku] [kks;s gq, O;fDr;ksa dh e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku vkSj@;k
ftudh e`R;q izkd`frd vkink vkfn ds dkj.k gqbZ] muds jftLVªs'ku dh
t:jr eglwl dh xbZA ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ckjs esa v/;k; 3 iSjkxzkQ
3-v-16 ls 3-v-19 esa crk;k x;k gSA

2.7 ;g egRoiw.kZ gS fd ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk; fd u dsoy tUe vkSj


e`R;q dh ?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku gks oju ml tUe ;k e`R;q dh fof'kf"V;ksa
dk m)j.k ftls vkerkSj ij tUe@e`R;q izek.k i= ¼tUe ds fy, QkWeZ
5 vkSj e`R;q ds fy, QkWeZ 6½ ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k

izek.k i= ds lkFk cPps o vfHkHkkod


Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 22

jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj iwjh gksus ds ckn ml ykHkkFkhZ rd ig¡qp tk,aA d`i;k ;kn jgs fd cPps
ds ukrs tUe ;k e``R;q dk tUe jftLVªs'ku vkSj tUe izek.k i= tkjh djuk cPps ds vfLrRo dh
jftLVªs’ku djus ls gh igyh oS/kkfud igpku gSA
vkidk dÙkZO; lekIr ugha
gks tkrkA vkidks ;g Hkh 2.8 vkxkeh v/;k; esa vf/kfu;e o fu;eksa ds vk/kkj ij jftLVªs'ku
lqfuf’pr djuk pkfg, vf/kdkfj;ksa dh Hkwfedk o dÙkZO; crk,a x, gSA fu%lansg tUe vkSj e`R;q
fd mDr tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku ds fy, jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj eq[;dehZ gSaA vr% v/;k; rhu
fu/kkZfjr m)j.k lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj vkSj mi jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk ls 'kq: gksrk gS] ftlds
O;fDr rd igqap tk,A mijkar ftyk o vij ftyk jftLVªkj vkSj eq[; o mi eq[; jftLVªkj ds
fy, ekxZn'kZuksa dh ppkZ dh x;h gSA
23 v/;k; 2

eq[; lans’k
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q izek.k i= ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds rF; vkSj LFkku
o rkjh[k dk LFkk;h ys[kk&tks[kk gSA

¡ ?kVuk ds jftLVªs'ku esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj ls fu/kkZfjr


m)j.kksa dk jftLVªhdj.k iw.kZ gksrs gh tkjh gksuk 'kkfey gSA

¡ tUe izek.k i= jk"Vªh;rk dk dksbZ lcwr ugha gSA

¡ vius {ks= esa gksus okyh lHkh tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dk
jftLVªs'ku lqfuf'pr djsA

jftLVªs'ku djs ¼lHkh tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe½


vkSj
iznku djs ¼tUe@e`R;q izek.ki=½
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 24

v/;k; 3
flfoy jftLVªs’ku
dk;ZdrkZvksa dh Hkwfedk
vkSj mÙkjnkf;Ro
¡ tUe izek.ki= & cPps dh igyh igpku
¡ vius vf/kdkfjrk {ks= esa izR;sd tUe ,oa e`R;q
dk jftLVsª'ku lqfuf'pr djsa
¡ tUe@e`R;q izek.ki= dk forj.k lqfuf'pr djsa
25 v/;k; 3

fiNys v/;k; esa vkidks tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds


vuqlkj tUe] e`R;q] e`r tUe dh jftLVªs'ku izfØ;kvksa dks crkus okys
lHkh v/;k;ksa] /kkjkvksa] eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa o izko/kkuksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh
feyhA izLrqr v/;k; dk vfHkizk; vkidks jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkjh gksus ds
ukrs vkidh Hkwfedkvksa o mÙkjnkf;Roksa ls voxr djkuk vkSj mÙkjnkf;Roksa
dks fuHkkus esa enn djus ds fy, ekxZn'kZu nsuk gSA

flfoy jftLVªs’ku dk;ZdrkZvksa dh Hkwfedk o mÙkjnkf;Ro


Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj ¼/kkjk 3½
3.1 vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj dsUnzh; ljdkj 'kkldh; jkti= esa vf/klwpuk
}kjk fdlh O;fDr dks Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj ds :i esa fu;qDr dj ldrh
gSA [/kkjk 3 ¼1½]A

dsUnzh; ljdkj] ,sls vU; vf/kdkjh dks Hkh] ,sls inukeksa ls] tSls og Bhd
le>s] egkjftLVªkj ds bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu ,sls d`R;ksa ds] ftudk
fuoZgu djus ds fy, og mUgs le;&le; ij izkf/kd`r djs] egkjftLVªkj
ds v/kh{k.k vkSj funs'ku ds v/khu fuoZgu djus ds iz;kstu] ds fy,
fu;qDr dj ldsxh [/kkjk 3 ¼2½]A

/kkjk 3 ¼2½ ds izko/kkuksa ds rgr~ vij egkjftLVªkj] mi egkjftLVªkj


¼lh vkj ,l½] la;qDr egkjftLVªkj ¼funs'kd tux.kuk½ dh fu;qfDr Hkkjr
ds egkjftLVªkj ds v/khu le; le; ij izkf/kd`r fd, gq, dk;ksZa dks
fuoZgu djus ds fy, dh x;h gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 26

drZO;%
vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 3 ¼3½ ds vUrxZr Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dsUnzh;
izkf/kdkjh gS ftudk dk;Z{ks=%
¡ bl vf/kfu;e ds {ks=kkf/kdkj esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ds ckjs esa
lkekU; funsZ'k tkjh djukA
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ds fo"k; esa eq[; jftLVªkjksa ds fØ;kdyki
ds leUo;u o ,dhdj.k ds fy, dne mBkuk vkSj
¡ mDr jkT; {ks=ksa esa bl vf/kfu;e ds dk;kZUo;u fo"k;d ,d okf"kZd
fjiksVZ dsUnzh; ljdkj dks izLrqr djukA

eq[; jftLVªkj@vij eq[; jftLVªkj@mi eq[; jftLVªkj ¼/kkjk 4½


3.2 vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 4 ¼1½ ds vUrxZr jkT; ljdkj] 'kkldh; jkti= esa
vf/klwpuk }kjk] fdlh jkT; ds fy, ,d eq[; jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldrh gSA

jkT; ljdkj] ,sls vU; vf/kdkjh Hkh] ,sls inukeksa ls] tSls og Bhd le>s]
eq[; jftLVªkj ds ,sls d`R;ksa dk] ftudk fuoZgu djus ds fy, og mUgsa
le; le; ij izkf/kd`r djsa] eq[; jftLVªkj ds v/kh{k.k vkSj funs'ku ds
v/khu fuoZgu djus ds iz;kstu ds fy,] fu;qDr dj ldsxh [/kkjk 4 ¼2½]A

/kkjk 4 ¼2½ ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj lHkh jkT;ksa@dsUnz'kkflr izns'kksa esa vij


eq[; jftLVªkj@mi eq[; jftLVªkj fu;qDr fd, x, gSaA

drZO;%
vf/kfu;e dhs /kkjk 4 ¼3½ ds vuqlkj jkT; ljdkj }kjk fn, x, funZs'kksa
ds] ;fn dksbZ gks] v/;/khu jgrs gq, eq[; jftLVªkj jkT; esa bl vf/kfu;e
ds izko/kkuksa vkSj rn~/khu cuk, x, fu;eksa vkSj vkns'kksa ds fu"iknu ds
fy, eq[; dk;Zikyd izkf/kdkjh gksxkA

og mi;qDr funsZ'k tkjh djus ds fy, leqfpr dne mBk ldrk gS%
¡ jftLVªs'ku O;oLFkk dks izHkkoh cukus ds fy, jftLVªs'ku dk;Z dk
leUo;u] ,dhdj.k o fujh{k.k djuk vkSj
¡ jkT; esa bl vf/kfu;e ds dk;kZUo;u ds ckjs esa ,d fjiksVZ] ,sls <ax@
jhfr ls vkSj ,sls vUrjkyksa ij] ftUgsa fofgr fd;k x;k gS] /kkjk 19 ds
mi /kkjk ¼2½ esa fufnZ"V@crk, x;h lkaf[;dh; fjiksVZ ds lkFk rS;kj
dj jkT; ljdkj dks izLrqr djukA

ftyk jftLVªkj@vij ftyk jftLVªkj ¼/kkjk 6½


3.3 /kkjk 6 ¼1½ ds vuqlkj jkT; ljdkj] izR;sd jktLo ftys ds fy, ,d
ftyk jftLVªkj vkSj mrus gh vij ftyk jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldsxh
ftrus og Bhd le>s vkSj tks ftyk jftLVªkj ds lk/kkj.k fu;a=.k vkSj
funZs'ku ds v/khu jgrs gq,] ftyk jftLVªkj ds ,sls d`R;ksa dk fuoZgu djsaxs
ftuds fy, ftyk jftLVªkj mUgsa le;&le; ij izkf/kd`r djsaA
27 v/;k; 3

drZO;%
vf/fu;e dh /kkjk 6 ¼2½ ds vUrxZr ftyk jftLVªkj@vij ftyk jftLVªkj
¡ eq[; jftLVªkj ds funZs'ku ds v/khu jgrs gq,] ftys esa tUe vkSj e`R;q
ds jftLVªhdj.k dk v/kh{k.k djuk vkSj
¡ bl vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa vkSj eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk bl vf/kfu;e ds
iz;kstuksa ds fy, le;&le; ij fudkys x, vkns'kksa dk fu"iknu ftys
esa djus ds fy, mRrjnk;h gksukA

ftyk jftLVªkj@vij ftyk jftLVªkj fuEufyf[kr ds fy, Hkh mÙkjnk;h gS&


¡ jftLVª's ku bdkb;ksa dk fujh{k.k vkSj jftLVjksa ds j[kj[kko dh fuxjkuh
¡ jftLVªkjksa ds fy, le;kuqlkj funsZ'k tkjh djuk o ekxZn'kZu nsuk
¡ jftLVªkjksa ds fy, le; le; ij izf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa dk vk;kstu djuk
¡ jftLVªkjksa }kjk jkT; Lrj rd Hksts tkus okys fjVuZ QkWeZ dk le; ij
igq¡puk lqfuf'pr djuk
¡ vPNs vkSj de vPNs jftLVªs'ku {ks=ksa dks fpfUgr djus ds fy, v/;;u
vk;ksftr djuk
¡ /kkjk 23 ds vUrxZr lwpuk u nsus] xyr lwpuk nsus] uke u fy[kuk]
ekfld fjiksVZ u tek djus ij tqekZuk yxkuk] vkSj
¡ jftLVªkjksa ds ikl j[ks tkus okys fjdkMZ] jftLVjksa ds gLrkukUrj.k o
rS;kj djds j{kk lqfuf'pr djuk [/kkjk 30 ¼2½]

jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj ¼/kkjk 7½


3.4 /kkjk7 ¼1½ ds rgr~ jkT; ljdkj uxjikfydk] iapk;r ;k vU;
LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjh dh vf/kdkfjrk ds Hkhrj dk {ks= lekfo"V djus okys
izR;sd LFkkuh; {ks= ds fy, ;k fdlh vU; {ks= ds fy, ;k muesa ls nks ;k
vf/kd ds leqPp; ds fy, ,d jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldsxh ijUrq jkT;
ljdkj fdlh uxjikfydk] iapk;r ;k vU; LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjh dh n'kk
esa mlds fdlh vf/kdkjh ;k vU; deZpkjh dks jftLVªkj ds :i esa fu;qDr
dj ldrk gSA

/kkjk 7 ¼5½ ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj eq[; jftLVªkj ds iwoZ vuqeksnu ls


jftLVªkj viuh vf/kdkfjrk ds fofufnZ"V {ks=ksa ds lEcU/k esa mi&jftLVªkj
fu;qDr dj ldsxk vkSj mUgsa viuh dksbZ ;k lHkh 'kfDr;ka vkSj dRrZO;
lkSai ldsxkA

drZO;%
/kkjk 7¼2½ ls 7¼4½ rd ds vuqlkj izR;sd jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj&
¡ /kkjk 8 ;k 9 ds rgr~ fcuk fdlh Qhl ;k iqjLdkj ds gh jftLVj esa
lwpuk dk la/kkj.k djuk tks tUe ;k e`R;q mlds {ks=kkf/kdkj esa gqbZ gS
mudk /;kuiwoZd irk djuk vkSj visf{kr fooj.kksa dks jftLVj djukA
¡ tgk¡ Hkh mldh fu;qfDr gqbZ gS ml LFkkuh; {ks= esa ,d dk;kZy;
LFkkfir djukA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 28

¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªhdj.k ds iz;kstu ds fy, vius dk;kZy; esa


,sls fnuksa vkSj ,sls le; ij ftudk eq[; jftLVªkj funsZ'k ns] mifLFkr
jgs vkSj jftLVªkj ds dk;kZy; ds ckgjh }kj ij ;k mlds ikl ds gh
fdlh LFkku ij ,d cksMZ yxkuk] ftl ij LFkkuh; Hkk"kk esa uke] tUe
vkSj e`R;q jftLVªkj] LFkku ¼tgk¡ ds fy, fu;qfDr gS½ vkSj miyC/krk dk
fnu o ?kaVs fy[kk gksA

jftLVªkj vkSj mi jftLVªkj fuEufyf[kr ds fy, Hkh mÙkjnk;h gS&


¡ vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 7 ¼2½ ds varxZr Loizsj.kk ¼vius vki ls½ jftLVªs'ku
blls vfHkizk;% jftLVªkj }kjk vius vf/kdkfjrk {ks= esa ?kfVr tUe
vkSj@vFkok e`R;q dh ,slh fdlh Hkh ?kVuk dks Lo;a jftLVªs'ku djus ls
gS] tks fd jftLVªs'ku ds fy, ugha vkbZ gSA
¡ cPps ds uke dk jftLVªs'ku] ;fn tUe fcuk uke ds jftLVªhd`r gS
¼/kkjk 14½
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa izfof"V dks lgh ;k fujLr djuk ¼/kkjk 15½
¡ fjdkMZ ¼tUe] e`r tUe] vkSj e`R;q jftLVj½ dk lqjf{kr la/kkj.k vkSj
fjdkMZ dh xbZ lwpuk dh 'kq)rk o ;FkkrF; dks lqfuf'pr djuk
¼/kkjk 16] 19½
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa izfof"V dh [kkst djuk [/kkjk 17 ¼1½ ¼v½
vkSj 17 ¼1½ ¼c½]
— tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj ls fu/kkZfjr izfof"V;ksa dk m)j.k
tkjh djuk
— vuqiyC/krk izek.k i= tkjh djuk
¡ fu/kkZfjr vf/kdkjh dks ekfld fjiksVZ tek djuk [/kkjk 19 ¼1½] vkSj
¡ tgk¡ ,e lh lh Mh ;kstuk fØ;kfUor gks jgh gS ogk¡ e`R;q ds dkj.k dk
izek.k i= izkIr djukA

;gk¡ ;g mYys[k djuk vko';d gS fd jftLVªkj@mijftLVªkj tc tUe


e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 vFkok mlds varxZr cuk, x, fu;eksa
vFkok tkjh fd, x, fdlh vkns'k dss vuqlj.k esa dk;Z dj jgs gksa rks og
Hkkjrh; n.M lafgrk ¼1860 dk 45½ dh /kkjk 21 ds varxZr yksdlsod
le>k tk,xkA ¼tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 26½
29 v/;k; 3

3.5 flfoy jftLVª's ku vf/kdkfj;ksa dh Hkwfedk o mÙkjnkf;Roksa ds ckn bl


v/;k; dk vxyk Hkkx jftLVª's ku vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk ls lacfa /kr
gS] tks fd mUgsa vius drZO;ksa dks izHkkoh ,oa ftEesnkjh ls fuHkkus esa lgk;d
gksx
a ]s bu ekxZn'kdksa dks uhps miv/;k;kvksa esa izLrqr fd;k x;k gS%

3-v jftLVªkjksa vkSj mi jftLVªkjksa ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk


3-c ftyk vkSj vij ftyk jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk] vkSj
3-l eq[; jftLVªkj vkSj vij eq[; jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf'kZdk
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 30

3.v jftLVªkjksa o mi jftLVªkjksa ds


fy, ekxZnf’kZdk

vkidh fu;qfDr jkT; ljdkj@dsUnz'kkflr izns'k }kjk tUe vkSj e`R;q


jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 7 ds rgr~ jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj
¼tUe vkSj e`R;q½ ds in ij dh x;h gSA jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj gksus
ds ukrs vki vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa lHkh tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q ds
jftLVªs'ku] fjdkMZ ¼tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj½ ds lqjf{kr la/kkj.k
o lwpuk dh 'kq)rk o ;FkkrF; gksus dh lqfuf'prrk ds fy, ftEesnkj gS
[/kkjk 7¼2½ 16] 19]A vkidks fn;k x;k ;g dk;Z vR;Ur egRoiw.kZ gS vkSj
gesa fo'okl gS fd vki mEehnksa ij [kjs mrjsaxsA

vius ij fo’okl j[ksa blls igys fd vki jftLVªkj@mijftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs viuk dke
,oa vius vf/kdkfjrk {ks= 'kq: djsa] ;kn j[ksa fd vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 7 ¼2½ ds izko/kkuksa ds rgr~
esa gksus okys lHkh tUeksa] vkidks tks lwpuk feyh gS og ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ds vk/kkj ij
e`r tUeksa ,oa e`R;qvksa dk gh jftLVj gksxhA blfy, vkidks lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk fd jftLVªs'ku
jftLVsª’ku djsa ds fy, ?kVuk dh tks lwpuk vkidks feyh gS og vkids gh vf/kdkj {ks=
esa ?kfVr gq;h gSA fo'okl j[ksa fd vkids vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okys
lHkh tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku gks ldrk gS vkSj vki 'kr
izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku Lrj izkIr dj ldrs gSA

¡ vki vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okys tUe vkSj e`R;q ds fy, viuh
fu.kkZ;d Hkwfedk dks ljkgsaA
¡ ;kn j[ksa! vki flQZ ?kVuk dks jftLVj gh ugha dj jgs oju~ yksxksa dh
ftanxh esa ,d cnyko yk jgsa gSA

eSa vius {ks= esa gksus


okyh lHkh ?kVukvksa dk
jftLVªs'ku d:axk] ysfdu
dSls\
31 v/;k; 3

jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj dk dk;kZy; LFkkfir djuk

3.v.1 vkidks tks dk;Z fn, x, gS mlds fy, igyk dne jftLVªkj@mi
jftLVªkj dk dk;kZy; LFkkfir djuk gSA /kkjk 7 ¼3 vkSj 4½ ds izko/kkuksa
ds vuqlkj] eq[; jftLVªkj ds funsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj vko';d gS fd vki%

¡ jftLVªs'ku dk;Z iwjk djus ds fy, dk;kZy; LFkkfir djsaA


¡ dk;kZy; ds ckgjh }kj ij ,d cksMZ yxk,a ftl ij LFkkuh; Hkk"kk esa
viuk uke] tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªkj] LFkku] ¼tgk¡ ds fy, fu;qfDr gS½ vkSj
fnu o ?kaVs fy[ksa tc vki miyC/k gks ldsA

tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dk jftLVªs’ku


3.v.2 vc ge ppkZ djsaxs fd dSls tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dk
jftLVªs'ku gksxk\ ;|fi ,slk djus ls igys] ;g vPNk gksxk fd ge
vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj budh ifjHkk"kk ns[k ysa%

vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 2 ds vuqlkj%


tUe ^^tUe** ls vfHkizk; thfor&tUe ;k e`r&tUe ls gS [/kkjk 2 ¼d½]
e`R;q ^^e`R;q** ls vfHkizk; thfor tUe gks tkus ds i'pkr~ fdlh Hkh le; thou ds lc y{k.kksa dk LFkk;h
rkSj ij foyksiu gS [/kkjk 2 ¼[k½]
Hkwz.k&e`R;q ^^Hkwz.k&e`R;q*^ dk vFkZ xHkkZ/kku ds mRikn dk] xHkZ pkgs ftrus le; dk gks] viuh ekrk ls iw.kZ
fu"dklu ;k fu"d"kZ.k ls iwoZ thou ds lc y{k.kksa dk vHkko gks tkuk gS [/kkjk 2 ¼x½]
thfor&tUe ^^thfor&tUe** ls xHkkZ/kku ds ,sls mRikn dk] xHkZ pkgs ftrus le; dk gks] viuh ekrk ls iw.kZ fu"dklu
;k fu"d"kZ.k vfHkisrz gS] tks ,sls fu"dklu ;k fu"d"kZ.k ds i'pkr~ 'okal ysrk gS ;k thou dk dksbZ
vU; y{k.k nf'kZr djrk gS vkSj ,sls tUe okyk izR;sd mRikn thfor&tkr le>k tkrk gS [/kkjk 2 ¼?k½]
e`r&tUe ^^e`r&tUe** ls ,slh Hkzw.k&e`R;q vfHkiszr gS tgka xHkkZ/kku dk mRikn de ls de fofgr xHkkZof/k izkIr
dj pqdk gS [/kkjk 2 ¼N½]
,slh Hkzw.k e`R;q ftlesa xHkkZ/kku dh mrikn dh vof/k de ls de 28 lIrkg gks pqdh gks] mls e`r
tUe dgsaxsA [/kkjk 2 ¼N½ fu;e 3]

3.v.3 vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa tks eq[; ?kVuk,a] tSls tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q fjiksVZ dh x;h gS os fuEu
txg ij ?kfVr gq;h gksxha&
¡ ?kj ¼vkoklh; ;k xSj&vkoklh;½ ij] ;k
¡ laLFkk ¼fpfdRlk@xSj&fpfdRldh;½ ¼tsy@Nk=kokl@/keZ'kkyk vkfn½ esa] ;k
¡ vU; LFkku ¼yksd LFkku½ ij

bl mi v/;k; esa vf/kfu;e esa ifjHkkf"kr mijksDr eq[; ?kVukvksa ds jftLVªs'ku dh ftEesnkjh dh
[kklrkSj ls ppkZ dh x;h gSA flfoy jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkfj;ksa ds vykok eq[; fgr/kkjh jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k
ls lh/ks tqM+s gq, gS ;g fgr/kkjh lwpuknkrk vkSj vf/klwpd ¼uksfVQkW;j½ ¼/kkjk 8] 9 vkSj 10½ gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 32

lwpuknkrk
lwpuknkrk og O;fDr gS tks vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ tUe] e`r tUe ;k e`R;q
dh ?kVuk ds rF;ksa dks le; lhek esa jftLVªkj ds ikl fjiksVZ djus ds
fy, inukfer gSA ,sls O;fDr jftLVªkj dks ekSf[kd ;k fu/kkZfjr fjiksfVZax
QkWeZ esa viuh tkudkjh o fo'okl ds vk/kkj ij lwpuk nsrs gSA tUe dh
lwpuk QkWeZ 1 esa] e`R;q dh lwpuk QkWeZ 2 vkSj e`r tUe dh lwpuk QkWeZ 3
esa nsuh gSA ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ls 21 fnu ds vanj fjiksVZ djus dh le;
lhek fu/kkZfjr gSA [/kkjk 8 vkSj 9] fu;e 5 ¼1½ vkSj 5 ¼3½]

3.v.4 ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ds vuqlkj lwpuknkrk dk tUe] e`r


tUe o e`R;q dh ?kVuk dh fjiksfVZax dk nkf;Ro fu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k gS tks
fd uhps fn;k tk jgk gS%

?kj esa gksus okyh ?kVuk,a


vf/kfu;e ds /kkjk 8 ds mi /kkjk ¼1½ ¼d½ rgr~ ?kj esa ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus
ij fuEufyf[kr O;fDr;ksa dks jftLVªkj dks fjiksVZ djus ds fy, lwpuknkrk
cuk;k gS&
¡ ?kj dk eqf[k;k] ;k
¡ eqf[k;k dh vuqifLFkfr esa mldk lxk lEcU/kh tks ?kj esa miyC/k gks] ;k
¡ ,sls O;fDr;ksa dh vuqifLFkfr esa] ?kj dk lcls cM+k iq:"k tks ogk¡ gks]

orZeku esa ?kj dh cM+h efgyk Hkh lwpuknkrk gks ldrh gSA

vLirky vk/kkfjr ?kVuk,a


vxj tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q vLirkyksa] LokLF; dsUnz] izlwfr@esVjfuVh
;k uflZax gkse ;k ,slh gh vU; laLFkkvksa esa gksrh gS rks izHkkjh fpfdRlk
vf/kdkjh ;k mlds }kjk izkf/kd`r vU; vf/kdkjh fu/kkZfjr QkWeZ esa ,oa
fu/kkZfjr le; esa ?kVuk dh lwpuk lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj dks fjiksVZ djus
ds fy, izkf/kd`r gS [/kkjk 8 ds mi /kkjk ¼1½ ¼[k½]

vU; laLFkkvksa esa ?kVuk,a


tUe vkSj e`R;q dh laLFkkxr ?kVuk,a tks fd tsy] pkWy] Nkouh] N=]
Nk=kokl] /keZ'kkyk] Hkkstuky;] o`)kJe] ikB'kkyk] cSjd] rkM+h[kkuk ;k
yksd vfHkxe esa gqbZ gksa rks ogka ds izHkkjh dk dÙkZO; gSS fd og ?kVuk dh
lwpuk lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj dks nasA [/kkjk 8 ¼1½ ¼x½ vkSj ¼8½ ¼1½ ¼?k½]

yksd LFkkuksa ij ?kVuk,a


fdlh yksd LFkku esa fdlh uotkr f'k'kq ;k 'ko ds ik, tkus dh lwpuk
xkao ds ekeys esa xzke.kh ;k ogk¡ dk vf/kdkjh vkSj vU; {ks=ksa esa iqfyl
izHkkjh dh ftEesnkjh gS fd og fu/kkZfjr le; esa jftLVªkj dks lwpuk nsA
[/kkjk 8 ¼1½ ¼M-½]
33 v/;k; 3

mijksDr LFkkuksa ds vfrfjDr vU; LFkkuksa ij gksus okyh ?kVuk,a


tks ?kVuk,a /kkjk 8 dh mi /kkjk 1 ds [k.M ¼d½ ls ¼?k½ esa ugha vkrh]
mudh ftEesnkjh tks Hkh fu/kkZfjr O;fDr gksxk mldh gksxh [/kkjk 8 ¼1½ ¼p½]

,slh e`R;q tks /kkjk 8 dh mi /kkjk 1 ds [k.M ¼d½ ls ¼?k½ esa ugha vkrh
vkSj ftudh rgdhdkr ¼iksLVekVZe] vU; tkap vkfn½ gq;h gS] ,sls ekeys
esa tks rgdhdkr djrk gS mldh ftEesnkjh gS fd og jftLVªkj dks
lwpuk nsA [fu;e 6 ¼2½]

lpy okgu esa ?kVuk,a


lpy okgu esa tUe ;k e`R;q gksus ij ml okgu ds izHkkjh dh ftEesnkjh
gS fd tgk¡ Hkh okgu igyh ckj :ds ogk¡ ds jftLVªkj dks lwpuk nsxk ;k
fnyok,xk [fu;e 6 ¼1½] okgu dk vFkZ Fky] ty] uHk esa iz;qDr fdlh Hkh
izdkj dh lokjh ls gS rFkk blds vUrZxr ok;q;ku] jsyxkMh] eksVj dkj]
eksVj lkbZfdy] rkaxk] fjD'kk Hkh gSA

ckxku esa ?kVuk,a


vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 9 ds rgr~ ckxku ¼,slh tehu tks pkj gSDVssvj ls de
u gks vkSj pk;] dkWQh] dkyh fepZ] jcj] byk;ph] fludksuk ;k ,sls vU;
mRiknksa ds fy, rS;kj dh x;h gks ;k ogk¡ ;s mitrs gksa½ esa gksus okyh
tUEk vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa ds jftLVªs'ku ds fy, fo'ks"k izcU/k fd, x,
gSA ,slh ?kVukvksa ds jftLVªs'ku ds fy, ckxku dk v/kh{kd jftLVªkj dks
lwpuk nsus ds fy, izkf/kd`r gS rkfd jftLVªkj jftLVªs'ku dj ldsA

uksfVQk;j ¼vf/klwpd½
3.v.5 uksfVQk;j og O;fDr gS] tks jftLVªkj dks fu/kkZfjr QkWeZ o le; esa
izR;sd tUe vkSj e`R;q vFkok nksuksa ftldh mlus ifjp;kZ dh gks ;k ml
le; mifLFkr Fkk@Fkh] vkSj tks ml jftLVªkj ds vf/kdkj {ks= esa ?kfVr
gqbZ gks] dks vf/klwfpr djsxkA vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 8 vkSj 10 esa fu;qDr gq,
feMokbZQ@nkbZ ;k dksbZ vU; fpfdRlk vkSj LokLF; ifjpk;d tks tUe
;k e`R;q ds le; mifLFkr Fks] e`R;q ds lanHkZ esa 'koksa ds vafre laLdkj ds
LFkku ds izcU/kd ;k ekfyd] vkSj dksbZ vU; O;fDr ftls jkT; ljdkj us
mlds inuke ls bl fufeÙk fufnZ"V fd;k gks] vf/kfu;e esa uksfVQk;j@
vf/klwpd crk, x, gSA

tUe] e`R;q ;k e`r tUe dh ?kVuk dks mlds ?kfVr gksus dh rkjh[k ls 21 fnu
ds vUnj gh uksfVQk;@vf/klwfpr djus dk le; fu/kkZfjr gSA [fu;e 5 ¼3½]

fp= 4 esa ,sls O;fDr;ksa dh lwph nh xbZ gS ftUgsa vf/kdrj jkT; ljdkjks@
a
dsUnz'kkflr izn's kksa esa uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd fu;qDr fd;k x;k gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 34

fp= 4 jkT;ksa vkSj dsUnz 'kkflr izns’kksa esa fu;qDr uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd


nkbZ tks mifLFkr ;k ifjpk;d uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd dk mÙkjnkf;Ro gS
Fkh] ;k mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa fd og ,sls LFkkuksa] le; vkSj fLFkfr tks
?kVuk ?kfVr gq;h fu/kkZfjr gS] jftLVªkj dks izR;sd tUe] e`r
tUe ;k e`R;q ftlesa og ifjpk;d gS ;k
ml le; mifLFkr gks dh lwpuk jftLVªkj
dks nsaA
loksZRre O;kogkfjd vuqHko%
jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds iquZxBu ls igys
tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk dks
vkWDt+hyjh ulZ feMokbZQ uksfVQk;@vf/klwfpr djus ds fy,
¼, ,u ,e½@efgyk LokLF; fu/kkZfjr izi= FksA iquZxBu ds ifj.kkeLo:i
fot+hVj ¼,y ,p oh½ tks 1 tuojh 2000 ls iquxZfBr iz.kkyh ds
mifLFkr ;k ifjpk;d Fkh ;k fØ;kUo;u ls uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd dks
mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa ?kVuk ogh izi= dke esa ykus dh lykg nh xbZ tks
?kfVr gq;h jftLVªkj dks ?kj esa gksus okyh ?kVukvksa dh
lwpuk nsus ds fy, lwpd dke esa ykrs gSA
eq[; jftLVªkjksa dks jk"Vªh; lEesyu
¼2007&2009½ dh flQkfj'k ds vk/kkj ij
¼2007 dh flQkfj'k la[;k 5-1 ,oa 2009
izf'kf{kr lkekftd LokLF; dh flQkfj'k la[;k 4½ vf/kdrj jkT;ksa o
dk;ZdrkZ ¼vk'kk½] LokLF;dehZ dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa us , ,u ,e] vk'kk vkSj
tks mifLFkr ;k ifjpk;d vkaxuckM+h dk;ZdrkZvksa dks uksfVQk;j@
Fkh ;k mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa vf/klwpd vf/kd`r dj fn;k gSA jftLVªkj@
?kVuk ?kfVr gq;h mi jftLVªkj dks ?kVuk dh fjiksVZ djus ls
igys ml fjiksfVZax QkWeZ ij mUgsa ?kj ds
eqf[k;k ds gLrk{kj ysus dks dgk x;k gSA

vkaxuckM+h dk;ZdrkZ tks


mifLFkr ;k ifjpk;d Fkh ;k
mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa ?kVuk
?kfVr gq;h

'ke'kku Hkwfe@'konkg x`g


dk izHkkjh tks mifLFkr ;k
ifjpk;d Fkk ;k mlds
vf/kdkj {ks= esa ?kVuk
?kfVr gq;h
35 v/;k; 3

3.v.6 ,sls O;fDr;ksa ftUgsa ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ds vuqlkj


vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ lwpd vkSj uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd vf/kd`r fd;k x;k
gS fuEufyf[kr gSa%

Rkkfydk% ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ds vuqlkj lwpd o uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd


?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku lwpd* uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd**
?kj ¡ ?kj dk eqf[k;k ¡ nkbZ ;k vU; fpfdRldh; ;k
LokLF;dehZ] , ,u ,e] vk'kk]
vkaxuckMh dk;ZdrkZ
¡ 'koksa ds vafre laLdkj okys LFkku
dk izcU/kd ;k ekfyd ;k vU; dksbZ
vf/kd`r LFkkuh; O;fDr
laLFkk ¡ izHkkjhfpfdRlk vf/kdkjh ;k
vLirky] LokLF; lqfo/kk] uflZax mlds }kjk vf/kd`r vU; O;fDr
gkse vkfn ¡ tsy izHkkjh
tsy] ¡ izHkkjh
gksVy] /keZ'kkyk] pkWy] Nk=kokl
vkfn
yksd LFkku ¡ xzke.kh¼eqf[k;k½ ;k vU; oSlk ¡ fdlh vU; O;fDr dk] ftls jkT;
¼tc dksbZ uotkr ;k 'ko futZu O;fDr ¼xkao ds dsl esa½ ljdkj mlds inuke ls bl fufeRr
LFkku ij feys½ ¡ LFkkuh; iqfyl LVs'ku dk izHkkjh fofufnZ"V djs] ;g dRrZO; gksxk fd
¼vU; LFkkuksa esa½ og izR;sd ,sls tUe ;k e`R;q ;k nksuksa
dh] ftlesa mlus ifjp;kZ dh gks ;k
og mifLFkr Fkk] ;k tks ,sls {ks= esa]
tSlk fofgr fd;k tk,] gqbZ gS] lwpuk
jftLVªkj dks brus le; ds Hkhrj
vkSj ,slh jhfr ls ns] ftls fofgr
fd;k tk,
lpy okgu dkj] rkaxk] fjD'kk] ¡ lpy okgu dk izHkkjh
gokbZ tgkt] uko] tgkt] jsy
vkfn
ckxku ¡ v/kh{kd¼etnwjksa dk
lqijokbtj½@ckxku izcU/kd
*vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ tUe] e`r tUe o e`R;q dh ?kVuk dh lwpuk dks jftLVªs'ku esa lg;ksx djus gsrq lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj dks fu/kkZfjr
izi= esa nsus ds fy, inukfer gS ¼vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 8 vkSj 9½

**vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ tUe] e`r tUe o e`R;q ftldh ifjp;kZ dh gks ;k ml le; ogka mifLFkr gks ;k mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa gq;h gks]
fjiksfVZax QkeZ ij ?kj ds eqf[k;k ds gLrk{kj ysdj jftLVªkj dks uksfVQk;j@vf/klwpd djus ds inukfer ¼vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 8 o 9½
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 36

jftLVªs’ku izfØ;k,a
tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk ds jftLVªs'ku ds fy, jftLVªkj ;kuh
vkidh t:jr gSA fuEufyf[kr 'kh"kZdksa esa vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ lEcfU/kr
/kkjk esa fn, x, izko/kkuksa dh foLr`r ppkZ dh x;h gS%

¡ fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k esa jftLVªs'ku ¼/kkjk 8 vkSj 9½


¡ jftLVªs'ku m)j.k@izek.k i= tkjh djuk ¼/kkjk 12½
¡ fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k ds ckn jftLVªs'ku ¼/kkjk 13½
¡ cPps ds uke dk jftLVªs'ku ¼/kkjk 14½
¡ izfof"V dks Bhd ;k jn~n djuk ¼/kkjk 15½
¡ m)j.kksa dh ryk'kh o tkjh djuk ¼/kkjk 17½
¡ Hkkjr ls ckgj jgus okys ukxfjdksa dh ?kVukvksa dk jftLVª's ku ¼/kkjk 20½ vkSj
¡ jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr;k¡ ¼/kkjk 21½

blds vfrfjDr vkids Kkuo/kZu ds fy, fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa ij Hkh


ppkZ dh xbZ gS%
¡ e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRldh; izek.k i= ¼/kkjk 10½
¡ vU; fLFkfr;ksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku
— xksn fy, x, cPPkksa ds tUe dk jftLVªs'ku
— lsjksxslh] ,-vkj-Vh- vkSj bu foVªks QfVZykbts'ku rduhdksa }kjk tUesa
cPpksa dk jftLVªs'ku
— [kks, gq, O;fDr;ksa dh e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku
— izkd`frd foifÙk@ladV ;k vkink esa gksus okyh e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku

vf/kfu;e dhs /kkjk 16 vkSj 19 esa izko/kku gS fd jftLVªkjksa dks tUe


vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVjksa dks j[kuk gksrk gS vkSj bl vk/kkj ij vko';d
lkaf[;dh ds ladyu ds fy, le; le; ij fjiksVZ dks lEcfU/kr fu/kkZfjr
vf/kdkjh dks Hkstuk gksrk gSA ;g dguk furkar vko';d gS fd Hkjs gq,
lwpuk izi= la- 1] 2 vkSj 3 tks jftLVªkj ds ikl gksrs gaS] dk fof/kd Hkkx
tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj cu tkrs gSaA rn~uqlkj blds ckjs esa
vfHkys[kksa vkSj Þlkaf[;fd;ksa ds j[k j[kkoß esa vyx ls ppkZ dh xbZ gSA

varr%] bl v/;k; ds var esa ge vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa 100 izfr'kr
jftLVªs'ku lqfuf'pr djus okys pj.kksa ds ckjs esa ppkZ djsaxsA

tUe] e`r tUe ,oa e`R;q fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k esa jftLVªs’ku ¼/kkjk 8 vkSj 9½
dh ?kVuk ds ?kVus dh 3.v.7 jftLVªkj dks tUe] e`r tUe ;k e`R;q dh fjiksVZ] ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus
lwpuk nsus dk fu/kkZfjr ds 21 fnu ds vanj nsuh gksrh gS [/kkjk 8 vkSj 9] fu;e 5 ¼3½]
le; 21 fnu gS
jftLVªs'ku ,oa laacaf/kr lkaf[;dh ds j[kj[kko ds fy, vkidks fuEufyf[kr
QkWeZ pkfg,A jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k ds ckjs esa vkxs ppkZ dh xbZ gSA vr% vki
37 v/;k; 3

lqfuf'pr djsa fd vkids dk;kZy; esa fuEu izi= leqfpr ek=k esa
miyC/k gksa
¡ QkWeZ ua- 1 tUe] 2 e`R;q o 3 e`r tUe ds fy,
¡ QkWeZ ua- 1 ¼d½ xksn fy, cPps dh tUe fjiksVZ ds fy,
¡ QkWeZ ua- 4 ¼laLFkkxr½ vkSj 4 d ¼xSj laLFkkxr½ eqR;q ds dkj.k crkus ds fy,
¡ QkWeZ ua- 5 vkSj 6 tUe vkSj e`R;q ds m)j.k ¼izek.ki=½ nsus ds fy,
¡ QkWeZ ua- 10 vuqiyC/krk izek.k i= nsus ds fy, vkSj
¡ QkWeZ ua- 11] 12 vkSj 13 tUe] e`R;q o e`r tUe dh ekfld fjiksVZ rS;kj
djus ds fy,

vki tkurs gS fd LokLF; laLFkkvksa esa ?kVukvksa dh la[;k c<+rh tk


jgh gSA blfy, le; ls fjiksVZ djus esa lg;ksx djus ds fy, LokLF;
laLFkkvksa ds izHkkjh fpfdRlk vf/kdkfj;ksa ls lEidZ j[ksa vkSj mUgsa
fuEufyf[kr QkWeZ leqfpr la[;k esa nsA
¡ QkWeZ ua- 1] 2 vkSj 3
¡ e`R;q dk dkj.k izekf.kr djus ds fy, QkWeZ ua- 4

vki lqfuf'pr djsa fd QkWeZ Li"V gkFk dh fy[kkbZ esa iw.kZ :i ls Hkjs gksus
pkfg, o lwpuknkrk }kjk gLrk{kj fd, gksus pkfg,A Hkjs gq, QkWeZ izkIr
djus ds ckn lwpuknkrk dks jlhn nhft,A dqN laLFkkvksa }kjk vkidks
vkWuykbZu lwpuk Hkh fey ldrh gSA

/kkjk 8 vkSj 9 ds varxZr izkIr gqbZ tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk,a ;kn j[ksa] tqM+ok cPpksa dk
tks vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa gq;h gS] jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs jftLVªs’ku izR;sd cPps dk
vkidks jftLVj djuh gSA vyx vyx gksxk

D;k vki e`r tUe dh lwpuk fu;fer :i ls izkIr djrs gSa\ ;fn
ugha] rks D;k vkius vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okyh ,slh ?kVukvksa
dh lwpuk izkIr djus ds fy, dksbZ dne mBk,a gS\ ;kn jgs!!!
xHkZ/kkj.k dk ifj.kke ges'kk thfor tUe ugha gksrkA e`r tUe dk
Hkh jftLVªs'ku djsa

jftLVªs’ku m)j.k@izek.k i= dk forj.k ¼/kkjk 12½ ,slh ?kVuk,a ftudh lwpuk


3.v.8 ;g igys Hkh ppkZ dh tk pqdh gS fd tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku 21 fnu ds vanj nh xbZ
rc rd iwjk ugha gSA tc rd fd lEcfU/kr O;fDr ds ikl m)j.k@izek.k gks muds m)j.k tUe e`R;q
i= u igq¡p tk;A tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku tSls gh iwjk gks vkidks jftLVj ls fu’kqYd nsus gSa
QkWeZ la[;k 5 ¼tUe ds fy,½ vkSj QkWeZ la[;k 6 ¼e`R;q ds fy,½ tUe vkSj
e`R;q jftLVj ls fu/kkfjr mn~j.k jftLVªs'ku ds fy, lwpuk nsus okys dks
eq¶r esa ns nsuk gS ¼/kkjk 12½A bl QkWeZ esa tks izfof"V gaS os tUe vkSj e`R;q
jftLVj esa fu/kkZfjr izfof"V;ksa dk gh m)j.k gSA ;g m)j.k lkekU;r%
tUe vkSj e`R;q izek.ki= ds uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 38

/kkjk 8 ;k 9 ds rgr~ ftlus ?kVuk dh lwpuk nh gS ml O;fDr dks


m)j.k dh igyh dkWih eq¶r esa nsuh gSA ¼/kkjk 12½ pkgs vki m)j.k@
izek.k i= dh dE;wVjkbTM dkWih nas] rc Hkh blds fy,

fp= 5 jk"Vªh; fpg~u ds lkFk tUe izek.ki=

tUe e`R;q jftLVj ds


fu/kkZfjr m)j.k tUe e`R;q
dh ?kVuk ds rF;ksa dk
izek.k gS ;g jk"Vªh;rk dk
izek.k ugha gS

dksbZ iSlk ugha ysuk gSA lEcfU/kr O;fDr ¼?kj esa gq;h lEcfU/kr ?kVukvksa
ds fy, vkSj laLFkk ds izHkkjh vf/kdkjh ¼laLFkkxr ?kVukvksa ds fy,½
jftLVªkj ls fjiksfVZax ls 30 fnu ds vUnj tUe ;k e`R;q dk m)j.k izkIr
dj ldrk gS [fu;e 8 ¼2½ ls 8 ¼4½] /kkjk 12]A bl fu;e ds rgr~ tUe
;k e`R;q m)j.k izkIr ugha fd, gks ,slh fLFkfr esa] jftLVªkj ;k vf/kdkjh
;k lEcfU/kr laLFkk ds izHkkjh dks m)j.k lEcfU/kr ifjokj dks Åij crk,
x;h vof/k ls 15 fnu ds vUnj Mkd ls Hkst nsa [fu;e 8 ¼5½] /kkjk 12]A
39 v/;k; 3

izek.k i= dh vfrfjDr izfr;ksa ds fy, [fu;e 13 ¼x½] /kkjk 17 ¼1 [k½]


ds varxZr izfr dkWih fu/kkZfjr Qhl yh tk ldrh gSA D;ksafd vfrfjDr
izfr;ksa ds vkosnu ds fy, dksbZ la[;k fu/kkZfjr ugha gS] dksbZ O;fDr fdruh
Hkh izfr;ka ys ldrk gSA

tUe@e`R;q izek.k i= ds fy, u;k f}Hkk"kh QkeZ ¼jk"Vªh; fpUg okyk½


iz;ksx esa yk,aa ¼vuqyXud½A ;g Hkh tkusa fd tUe ;k e`R;q jftLVj dh
lwpuk ds vk/kkj ij izek.k i= ek= tUe ;k e`R;q dk lk{; gSA ;g
jk"Vªh;rk dk izek.k ugha gSA

loksZRre O;kogkfjd vuqHko%


tUe ;k e`R;q jftLVj ds vk/kkj ij m)j.k@izek.k i= dk forj.k
lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, eq[; jftLVªkjksa ¼tUe&e`R;q½ ds jk"Vªh;
lEesyu ¼2007 ,oae 2009½ esa ;g flQkfj'k dh xbZ Fkh fd uksfVQk;j
¼, ,u ,e] vk'kk] vkaxuckMh dk;ZdrkZ½ dh lsok,a ?kj esa gq;h ?kVukvksa
ds fy, yh tk ldrh gSA vf/kdrj jkT;ksa@dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa
bl flQkfj'k dks ykxw fd;k x;k gSA ¼2007 dh flQkfj'k la[;k 5-1
,oa 2009 dh flQkfj'k la[;k 4½

laLFkkxr ?kVukvksa ds m)j.k esa] le; ls jftLVªs'ku lqfuf'pr djus


vkSj izek.k i=@m)j.k fpfdRlk laLFkk esa uotkr dh eka ds fMLpktZ
ls igys nsus gsrq dbZ jkT; ljdkjksa us cMs vLirky@ljdkjh
vLirkyksa esa jftLVªs'ku dsUnz cuk, gSA rFkk ogka ds fpfdRlk izHkkjh
dks jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj fu;qDr fd;k gS rkfd vLirky esa gq;h
?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku gks ldsA ftu vLirkyksa esa jftLVªs'ku dsUnz ugha
cuk;k x;k gS] muds fy, eq[; jftLVªkjksa ¼tUe&e`R;q½ ds jk"Vªh;
lEesyu 2009 dh flQkfj'k la- 4 ds }kjk ;g flQkfj'k dh xbZ gS
fd ml laLFkk esa uotkr ds ifjokj ls viuk irk fy[kk fVdV yxk
fyQkQk ysuk pkfg,A vkSj lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj dks Hkjs gq, fjiksfVZax
QkWeZ ds lkFk Hkst nsuk pkfg,A jftLVªkj ?kVuk ds jftLVªs'ku ds ckn
lEcfU/kr ifjokj dks izek.k i= Hkstus ds fy, Lo irk fy[kk fVdV
yxk fyQkQk dke esa yk ldrs gSA bu funsZ'kksa dh vf/kdrj jkT;ksa esa
vuqikyuk dh gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 40

fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k ds ckn jftLVªs’ku ¼foyfEcr jftLVªs’ku½ ¼/kkjk 13½


3.v.9 ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds 21 fnu ckn Hkh mldh lwpuk vkidks nh
tk ldrh gSA tSlk fd igys dgk tk pqdk gS fd ,slh ?kVuk foyfEcr
jftLVªs'ku ¼/kkjk 13½ ds varxZr vkrh gSA nsjh ls fjiksVZ dh x;h ?kVuk,a
vf/kfu;e esa fuEu izdkj ls n'kkZbZ x;h gaS%
¡ ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds 21 fnu ds ckn vkSj 30 fnu ds vanj [/kkjk 13 ¼1½]
¡ ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds 30 fnu ds ckn vkSj 1 lky ds vanj [/kkjk 13 ¼2½]
¡ ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds ,d lky ckn [/kkjk 13 ¼3½]

vjs] rhu ekg ls


esjs ikl tUe izek.k i= T;knk gks x,] eq>s viuh eka
ugha gS] D;k eSa bl mez esa dh e`R;q jftLVj djkus dk le;
tUe jftLVj djk ldrk@ ugha feyk] D;k eSa mldh e`R;q ds
ldrh gw¡A rhu ekg ds ckn jftLVj djk
ldrk@ldrh gwaA

tUe ,oa e`R;q dk gk¡] vf/kfu;e ds /kkjk 13 ds izko/kkuksa ds varxZr 21 fnu dh fu/kkZfjr
jftLVsª’ku foyEc 'kqYd le;kof/k ds ckn Hkh jftLVªs'ku laHko gSA ;|fi izfØ;k lEcU/kh
nsdj ,oa fu/kkZfjr izfØ;k tfVyrkvksa ls cpus ds fy, vki fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k esa gh jftLVªs'ku dks
viukdj 21 fnu ds ckn c<kok nsaA
Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS
foyfEcr jftLVªs'ku fu/kkZfjr vf/kdkjh dh vkKk@vuqKk vkSj foyfEcr
Qhl tek djus ij gh gks ldrk gSA ,slh ?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku /kkjk 13]
fu;e 9 ¼1½ ls 9 ¼3½] ds izko/kkuksa ds varxZr gks ldrk gS%
¡ tUe ;k e`R;q dh ?kVuk dh lwpuk jftLVªkj dks ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds
21 fnu ds ckn vkSj 30 fnu ds Hkhrj fn, tkus ij mldk jftLVªs'ku
foyfEcr Qhl tek djus ij gks ldrk gSA [fu;e 9 ¼1½]]
¡ tUe ;k e`R;q dh ?kVuk dh lwpuk jftLVªkj dks ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds
30 fnu ds ckn ijUrq ,d o"kZ ds Hkhrj fn, tkus ij mldk jftLVª's ku
rc gh gks ldrk gSA tc uksVsjh ifCyd ;k jkT; ljdkj }kjk vU;
izkf/kd`r vf/kdkjh ds lkeus ,QhMsfoV izLrqr djus ds lkFk fyf[kr
vuqKk ds vk/kkj ij foyfEcr Qhl tek dh xbZ gksA [fu;e 9 ¼2½]]
¡ tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds ckn ,d lky rd
u gqvk gks] rks mldk jftLVªs'ku ?kVuk ds lR;kiu ds ckn izFke Js.kh
eftLVªsV dh vkKk@vuqKk vkSj foyfEcr Qhl tek djus ij gh gks
ldrk gSA [fu;e 9 ¼3½]]
41 v/;k; 3

foyfEcr jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k dks uhps la{ksi esa fn;k tk jgk gS%
?kVukvksa dk foyfEcr jftLVªs’ku
nsjh dk le;
21 fnu ls vf/kd vkSj 30 fnu ls vf/kd vkSj ,d lky ls vf/kd
30 fnu ds Hkhrj ,d lky ds vanj [/kkjk 13 ¼3½]
[/kkjk 13 ¼1½] [/kkjk 13 ¼2½]
foyfEcr Qhl foyfEcr Qhl foyfEcr Qhl
vkKk@vuqKk nsus okys vf/kdkjh
jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj izkf/kd`r vf/kdkjh izFke Js.kh eftLVªsV
izfØ;k
lwpd@lwpuknkrk }kjk fofgr vf/kdkjh dh dksbZ tUe ;k e`R;q tks
fu/kkZfjr Qhl tek djus fyf[kr vuqKk ls vkSj fd mlds gksus ds ,d
ij uksVjh ifCyd ;k jkT; o"kZ ds Hkhrj jftLVªhd`r
ljdkj }kjk vU; izkf/kd`r ugha dh xbZ gks] og
vf/kdkjh dk ,QhMsfoV lR;kiu djus ds i'pkr~
is'k fd, tkus ij vkSj izFke Js.kh eftLVªsV
fu/kkZfjr Qhl vnk }kjk fn, x, vkns'kksa ij
djus ij vkSj fu/kkZfjr Qhl vnk
djus ij

fp= 6 ?kVukvksa ds foyfEcr jftLVªhdj.k ds laHkkfor dkjdksa dks crkrh gSA

fp= 6 jftLVªs’ku esa foyEc ds dkjd

jftLVªs'ku dh jftLVªs'ku dh jftLVªs'ku


vko';drk ,oa egRo fu/kkZfjr vof/k ,oa inkf/kdkfj;ksa esa
ds izfr tkx:drk izfØ;k dh tkudkjh jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k
dk vHkko dk vkHkko laca/kh tkudkjh dk
vkHkko

d`i;k ;kn j[ksa fd tUe ;k e`R;q dh dksbZ ?kVuk tks ?kfVr gksus ls foyfEcr izko/kkuksa ds
,d o"kZ rd fjiksVZ ugha dh xbZ gks] rc ml ?kVuk ds jftLVªs'ku ls varxZr jftLVªhdj.k djus
igys vki lqfuf'pr dj ysa fd bl ?kVuk dk igys jftLVªs'ku rks ls igys ;g lqfuf’pr dj
ugha gqvk gSA dbZ jkT;ksa us nksgjs jftLVªs'ku ls cpus ds fy, lacaf/kr ysa fd ;g ?kVuk igys
jftLVªs'ku fjdkMZ dh tkap ,oa mlds jftLVªhd`r ugha ik, tkus ij jftLVj ugha gqbZ gS
izi= 10 esa vuqiyC/krk izek.ki= tkjh djus dh izfØ;k 'kq: dh gSA bl
rjg dh izfØ;k vU; jkT;ksa dks Hkh viukuh pkfg,A ;|fi vki ;g Hkh
;kn j[ksa fd&
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 42

¡ ryk'kh dk izekf.kr m)j.k ¼vuqiyC/krk izek.k i=½ lwpd@lwpuknkrk


dks eq¶r esa ugha fn;k tk ldrkA
¡ ;fn lwpd@lwpuknkrk us fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k esa ?kVuk dks fjiksVZ dj
fn;k ij fdlh dkj.k ls jftLVªkj }kjk ml ?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku ugha
gks ik;k] ,sls jftLVªs'ku ßfoyfEcrÞ oxZ esa ugha vk,axsA mnkgj.kkFkZ]
laLFkkxr izlo dh fLFkfr esa tgk¡ izHkkjh fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh us lwpuk
lEcfU/kr jftLVªs'ku bdkbZ dks Hkst nh Fkh ijUrq mDr ?kVuk iathd`r
ugha gks ikbZ ,oa tUe izek.k i= tkjh ugha gks ldkA ,sls ekeys esa ;fn
tUe izek.k i= dh ekax ekrk&firk 6&7 ekg ckn djrs gS rks blesa
foyfEcr Qhl ugha yxsxhA

vkids lkeus ,slh Hkh fLFkfr vk ldrh gS tc lwpd@lwpuknkrk tUe]


e`r tUe ;k e`R;q dh lwpuk ekSf[kd :i ls nsaA ,slh fLFkfr esa feyh
lwpuk ds vk/kkj ij fjiksfVZax QkWeZ dks Hkjdj lwpd@lwpuknkrk ds
gLrk{kj ;k vaxwBk yxok,a ¼/kkjk 11½A

egRoiw.kZ la’k; o Li"Vhdj.k%


Lka’k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 D;k tUe vkSj e`R;q tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969
jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds ykxw gksus ls igys ?kfVr gq;h ?kVukvksa dk
1969 ds ykxw gksus jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds varxZr gks
ds igys ?kfVr gq;h ldrk gSA ;g jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 13
?kVukvksa dk jftLVª's ku ds izko/kkuksa ds varxZr gksxkA
gks ldrk gS\
2 /kkjk 13 ¼1½ vkSj 13 /kkjk 13 lEcfU/kr ikVhZ }kjk foyfEcr Qhl
¼2½ ds rgr~ ?kVukvksa tek djus dh ckr djrk gS vkSj ?kVuk ds nsjh
ds jftLVªs'ku esa nsjh ls jftLVªs'ku ds fy, foyfEcr Qhl jftLVªkj
ds fy, foyfEcr }kjk tek djkus dh ckr ugha djrhA ;|fi
Qhl tek djus ds /kkjk 23 ¼2½ ds rgr~ fcuk fdlh laxr dkj.k ds
fy, D;k jftLVªkj ?kVuk jftLVj u djus ;k vogsyuk djus ij
ftEesnkj gS\ ml ij tqekZuk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA

tUe e`R;q jftLVsª’ku izfØ;k dh :ijs[kk


uhps fn;k x;k ¶yks pkVZ ¼fp= 7½ tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku
dh izfØ;k o izko/kkuksa dks ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ¼?kj] laLFkk] yksd
LFkku vkSj ckxku½ lwpd ¼?kj dk eqf[k;k] laLFkk dk eqf[k;k] {ks= dk
izHkkjh½ vkSj fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k ¼21 fnu ds vanj] 21 & 30 fnu] ,d
lky rd vkSj mlds ckn½ dks jftLVªkj dks ?kVuk dh lwpuk nsus ds
fy, crkrk gS%
43 v/;k; 3

fp= 7 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs’ku dk ¶yks pkVZ

?kVuk ¼tUe vkSj e`R;q½

ns’k ds Hkhrj ns’k ds ckgj

laLFkk ¼LokLF; lqfo/kk] Û futZu LFkku ij feyk ykokfjl dksbZ


?kj vU;
tsy vkfn½ uotkr ;k ikfFkZo 'kjhj
Û ckxku esa tUe vkSj e`R;q lacaf/kr fo'ks"k
izko/kku
Û ok;q vkSj leqnz
Û pfyr okgu

xzke.kh vFkok vU; Hkkjrh; nwrkokl@mPpk;ksx


?kj dk eqf[k;k laLFkk dk eqf[k;k
vf/kdkjh ¼xzkeh.k {ks=½@
LFkkuh; iqfyl LVs'ku dk
izHkkjh ¼vU; {ks=½
ckxku dk v/kh{kd] tUe ds ekeys esa tc cPps ds ekrk&firk Hkkjr esa
okgu dk izHkkjh LFkkbZ :i ls clus ds fy, vk jgs gksa rc Hkkjr esa
vkus ds 60 fnuksa ds vanj tUe dk jftLVsª'ku djk
ldrs gSa

21 fnu ds ckn 30 fnu 30 fnu ls ,d


21 fnu ds vanj ,d lky ls vf/kd
ls igys lky ds vanj

eq¶r foyfEcr ¼Qhl ds lkFk½

jftLVªkj jftLVªkj
jftLVªkj jftLVªkj
uksVsjh ifCyd ds 'kiFk i= vkSj çFke Js.kh eftLVªsV ;k jkT;
jkT; ljdkj }kjk vf/kd`r ljdkj }kjk vf/kd`r dksbZ
vf/kdkjh dh fyf[kr vuqKk ds vU; vf/kdkjh }kjk lwpuk
vk/kkj ij dks lR;kfir djus ds ckn
vkns'k ds vk/kkj ij
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 44

egRoiw.kZ la’k; o Li"Vhdj.k%


Lka’k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 D;k tUe ;k e`R;q m)j.k jftLVj esa ntZ jftLVj esa ftl Hkk"kk esa izfof"V;ka gS mlh Hkk"kk esa tUe
Hkk"kk ls vyx fdlh vU; Hkk"kk esa fn;k tk ;k e`R;q dk izek.k i= tkjh fd;k tk,xkA ;|fi blesa
ldrk gS\ dksbZ vkifÙk ugha gS] vxj jftLVªkj mDr izek.k i= vyx
ls nwljh Hkk"kk esa Hkh tkjh djs ysfdu bl izfr ij Åij
ßvuqokfnrÞ fy[kk gksuk pkfg,A
2 D;k ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ls vyx dksbZ Hkh ?kVuk mlds ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ij gh jftLVj
fdlh Hkh LFkku ij tUe ;k e`R;q dk gks ldrh gSA ;fn dksbZ ?kVuk eqEcbZ esa gqbZ gS rks og eqEcbZ
jftLVªs'ku gks ldrk gS] D;k ,d ?kVuk tks esa gh lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj ftlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa mDr
eqEcbZ esa ?kfVr gqbZ] og xksok esa jftLVj gks ?kVuk ?kfVr gqbZ gS ogha jftLVj gksxhA ,slh ?kVuk dk
ldrh gS\ jftLVªs'ku xksok esa ugh gks ldrkA
3 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e 1969 dh vxj tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e 1969 dh /kkjk
dkSu lh /kkjk crkrh gS fd ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus 7 ¼2½ dks /kkjk 23 ¼2½ ds lkFk i<+sa rks ;g Li"V gks tkrk
ds LFkku ij gh jftLVj gksrh gS\ gS fd jftLVªkj dks mlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okyh tUe
vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dkss gh jftLVj djuk gSA
4 ;g Li"V djsa fd 'kgj ds vLirky esa gksus vLirky esa gksus okyh ?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku ml {ks= ds
okys tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk dk jftLVªs'ku] jftLVªkj ds ;gka gksxk ftlds {ks= esa vLirky fLFkr gSA
ml {ks= ds jftLVªkj tgka vLirky fLFkr gS] pwafd jftLVªs'ku ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ij gksrk gS
ds ;gka gksxk ;k D;k ;g laHko gS fd tgka blfy, lkekU; vkokl okys {ks= esa jftLVªs'ku ugh gksxkA
lEcfU/kr ifjokj dk lkekU;rk vkokl gks
ml LFkku ij jftLVªs'ku gks\
5 D;k vf/kfu;e vkSj jkT; fu;eksa ds mica/kksa vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 2¼1½ ds vuqlkj *tUe* 'kCn ls thfor
ds v/khu e`r tUe izek.ki= tkjh fd;k tk tUe ;k e`r tUe vfHkizsr gSA vr% e`r tUe jftLVj
ldrk gS\ ¼izk:i la- 9½ ds m)j.k izk:i la- 5 esa mfpr ifjorZu
djds tkjh fd, tk ldrs gSa tSls fd tkudkjh e`r tUe
ds ewy fjdkMZ ls yh xbZ gS & *tUe* 'kCn ds LFkku ij
mDr izk:i esa e`r tUe dh rkjh[k vkSj e`r tUe dk LFkku
fn;k tk,A

cPps ds uke dk jftLVªs’ku ¼/kkjk 14½


ijEijkxr gekjs ns'k esa cPpksa dk uke 'kS'kokLFkk esa gh j[kk tkrk gSA
dbZ ckj uke ,sls gh j[k fn;k tkrk gS vkSj Ldwy esa ukekadu ds le;
lgh uke j[kk tkrk gSA dHkh&dHkh iDdk uke ek/;fed fo|ky; dh
ijh{kk ds le; gh gks ikrk gSA bu lc ckrksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, cPps
dk uke 21 fnu ds vanj iDdk gks ik, ;k ugha] tUe dk jftLVªs'ku
fcuk uke ds Hkh gks ldrk gSA ;gka ge vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 14 ds
izko/kkuksa dks le>saxsA

3.v.10 vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj] vxj tUe dk jftLVªs'ku fcuk uke ds


gqvk gS rks uke dh izfof"V mDr rkjh[k ls 12 eghus ds vUnj ekSf[kd ;k
fyf[kr :i ls lwpuk nsus ij fu%'kqYd gks ldrh gSA

jkT; fu;eksa ds izko/kkuksa ds vUrZxr jftLVªkj] tUe jftLVj esa ckjg ekg
ds ckn ijUrq 15 o"kZ ds vUnj ekrk&firk vFkok laj{kd }kjk lwpuk fn,
45 v/;k; 3

tkus ,oa fofgr Qhl dk Hkqxrku djus ij uke dh izfof"V dj ldrk gSA
mDr le;kof/k bl izdkj ls fxu ldrs gSA

tks igys ls gh fcuk uke ds tUe jftLVª's ku gks pqds gS jkT; fu;eksa esa fcuk uke ds Hkh cPps ds
mlds vfHkHkkod }kjk uke dh lwpuk fn;s tkus ij 15 lky rd uke tUe dk jftLVªs’ku ?kVuk
tqMo+ kus dk izko/kku fd;k gSA mDr le;kof/k bl izdkj ls fxu ldrs gS% ?kfVr gksus ds 21 fnu
ds vanj vf/kfu;e ds
(i) tgka jftLVªs'ku tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ¼la'kks/ku½ fu;e 19---- ykxw izko/kku ds varxZr fd;k
gksus ls igys dk gks] rks ml rkjh[k ls ;k tk ldrk gSA

(ii) ,sls ekeyksa esa tgka jftLVªs'ku] tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ¼la'kks/ku½
fu;e 19---- ds ykxw gksus ds ckn gks rks ml jftLVªs'ku rkjh[k ls /kkjk
23 ds miHkkx 4 ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj

vki dks D;k djuk gS


v½ vxj jftLVj vkids ikl gS rks foyfEcr Qhl ysdj tUe jftLVj esa
lacaf/kr mfpr dkWye esa uke dh izfof"V djsaA
c½ ;fn jftLVj vkids ikl esa ugha gS vkSj lwpuk ekSf[kd :i ls nh x;h
gS] vko';d fooj.k dh ,d fjiksVZ nsa vkSj ;fn lwpuk fyf[kr esa nh
xbZ gS] vkxs jkT; ljdkj }kjk vf/kd`r vf/kdkjh ds ikl Hkst ns rkfd
foyfEcr Qhl ysdj izko/kku ds vuqlkj izfof"V dj ldsA

ekrk firk ;k vfHkHkkod tks Hkh gks] }kjk /kkjk 12 ds rgr~ fn;s x;s m)j.k@ cPps dk uke ,d lky
izek.k i= dh izfr ;k /kkjk 17 ds rgr~ izekf.kr m)j.k@izek.k i= izLrqr rd ¼fu%’kqYd½ vkSj 15
djus ij vki cPps ds uke dks tUe jftLVj esa ml izfof"V esa ntZ djsa vkSj lky rd ¼foyfEcr Qhl
mDr /kkjk ds mi fu;e ¼1½ ds miokD; ¼c½ ds vk/kkj ij dk;Z djsAa nsdj½ tqM+ok;k tk ldrk
gSA bl vof/k ds ckn
izfof"V dks Bhd ;k jn~n( fujLr djuk ¼/kkjk 15½ uke tqM+okus dk vf/kfu;e
lkekU;r% tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVª's ku fjdkMZ esa dksbZ cnyko dh xqt a kb'k ugha esa dksbZ izko/kku ugha gSA
gksrhA ;|fi fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa izfof"V dks Bhd djus ;k jn~n djus dh vf/kfu;e ds bl izko/kku
O;oLFkk gSA /kkjk 15] jkT; fu;e 11 esa Bhd ;k jn~n djus dk izko/kku gSA dks vke turk esa t:j
eSU;qy ds bl Hkkx esa v'kqf);kas ds izdkj vkSj mUgsa Bhd ;k jn~n djus ds ckjs crk,aA
esa ppkZ dh gSA v'kqf);k¡ eq[;r% rhu izdkj esa oxhd`r dh x;h gS% fyfidh;
;k vkSipkfjd] izk:i ;k lkj esa xyrh vkSj vuqfpr ;k diViw.kZ izfof"VA

¼i½ fyfidh; ;k vkSipkfjd xyrh@vlko/kkuh ls fy[kh@=qfV


mnkgj.k%
uotkr dk uke *eksuh* dh txg ßeqUuhÞ fy[kk x;kA ,sls ekeys esa
jftLVªkj viuh larqf"V gksus ds ckn okLrfod izfof"V esa fcuk fdlh
cnyko fd, tUe jftLVj ds gkf'k, esa vuqdwy izfof"V dj cPps ds uke
esa vko';d lq/kkj dj ldrk gSA jftLVªkj dks gkf'k, okyh izfof"V ij
gLrk{kj vkSj lq/kkj dh rkjh[k fy[kuh gksxhA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 46

¼ii½ lkjr% ;k rkRi;Z esa xyrh dk vFkZ ,slh xyrh tks O;fDr dh
igpku ls lacaf/kr gSA
;fn dksbZ O;fDr nkos ds lkFk dgrk gS fd tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa
dksbZ izfof"V lkjr% v'kq) gS rks /kkjk 15 ds izko/kkuksa ds varxZr jftLVªkj
ml izfof"V dks Bhd dj ldrk gSA ;g rc gh gksxk tc og O;fDr
?kks"k.kk i= ns ftlesa v'kqf) crk,a vkSj ml dsl ds lR; rF; Hkh crk,A
bl ?kks"k.kk i= ij nks fo'oluh; O;fDr;ksa ds gLrk{kj Hkh gksa fd os bl
ekeys ds rF; dks tkurs gSA

mnkgj.k% cPps dk fyax ^L=h^ dh txg ^iq#"k^ fy[kk tkuk


v- cPps dk fyax ^L=h^ dh txg ^iq:"k^ fy[kk tkuk & ,sls izdj.k esa
jftLVªkj ml O;fDr }kjk ,slh ?kks"k.kk izLrqr dj fn, tkus ij ftlesa
xyrh ds Lo:i vkSj ekeys ds lgh rF;ksa dks nf'kZr dj fn;k x;k gS
vkSj bl ekeys dh tkudkjh j[kus okys nks lEekfur O;fDr;ksa }kjk =qfV;ksa
dk Lo:i o okLrfod rF;ksa dks mtkxj fd, tkus ij izfo"V esa
'kqf)dj.k /kkjk 15 ds izko/kku ds rgr~ dj ldrk gSA jkT; ljdkj
vFkok bl lEcU/k esa vf/kd`r vf/kdkjh dks jftLVªkj }kjk bu lHkh 'kqf);ksa
dh muds fooj.kksa lfgr tkudkjh nh tkuh gksxhA

c- laLFkkxr izlo esa lkFk esa vk, O;fDr us uotkr f'k'kq dh ekrk ds
uke dks la{ksi esa fy[kok fn;k vFkok miuke fy[kok fn;k gSA mDr ?kVuk
ds iathdj.k ds ckn ekrk ds uke esa ifjorZu dh ekax dh gksA tSlk fd
vf/kfu;e ds varxZr uke esa ifjorZu dh vuqefr ugha gS vr% ,sls ekeys
esa jftLVªkj bl ckr ls larq"V gksus ds ckn fd mDr izfof"V vuqfpr :i
ls dh xbZ Fkh vkSj blds ckjs esa lacaf/kr ikVhZ }kjk larks"ktud lk{;
izLrqr fd, x, gksa rc og u;k uke] ewy uke ds lkFk *mQZ* yxkdj
fy[k ldrk gSA jftLVªkj dks blds ckn izfof"V dks Bhd djus laca/kh iw.kZ
fooj.k jkT; ljdkj ;k mlds fy, fo'ks"k vf/kdkjh dks Hkstuh pkfg,A

¼iii½ vuqfpr ;k diViw.kZ izfof"V tks vO;Dr izsj.kk ls dh xbZ gks


;fn jftLVªkj bl rF; ds fl) gksus ls iwjh rjg larq"V gks tkrk gS fd
tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa dksbZ izfof"V diViw.kZ gq;h gS ;k vuqfpr gS rks
og /kkjk 25 ds varxZr bldh lwpuk iwjs fooj.k ds lkFk eq[; jftLVªkj
vFkok fufnZ"V vf/kdkjh dks lkekU; vFkok fo'ks"k vkWMZj }kjk nsxk vkSj
mudks lquus ds ckn gh bl fooj.k esa vko';d dne mBk;sxkA

mnkgj.k%
;fn tUe jftLVj esa izfof"V dh ryk'kh ds le; ;g ik;k x;k fd tqM+ok
cPpksa ds jftLVªs'ku dks ,d gh jftLVªs'ku uEcj fn;k x;k gS rFkk nksuksa
cPpksa ds uke dks n'kkZrs gq, ,d gh tUe izek.ki= tkjh dj fn;k x;k gS]
;|fi tUe jftLVj esa vH;qfDr dkye esa ;g mYys[k fd;k x;k gS fd
tqM+oka cPpksa dk tUe gqvk gS] ,sls ekeys esa ;g vko';d gS fd jftLVªkj
47 v/;k; 3

igys ls ntZ ?kVuk dks fujLr djs ,oa mDr ?kVuk dks nks vyx&vyx
?kVuk crkrs gq, fu/kkZfjr izfØ;k viukrs gq, iqu% jftLVj djsaA

blds vfrfjDr] lEcfU/kr lwpuknkrk dks Hkh izfof"V jn~n fd, tkus ;k
Bhd fd, tkus dh lwpuk Hkstuh gksxhA izR;sd ,sls ekeyksa esa tgk¡ izfof"V
Bhd ;k jn~n dh x;h gks] /kkjk 8 ;k 9 ds rgr lwpuk ,sls O;fDr ds
LFkk;h irs ij Hkstuh gksxhA

3.v.11 uhps rkfydk esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa izfof"V ds Bhd ;k ?kVuk ds Bhd djus ;k
jn~n djus ds fy, laHkkfor dkj.kksa vkSj blds fy, ftEesnkj O;fDr;ksa ds jn~n djus ds fy, dksbZ
ckjs esa ppkZ dh xbZ gSA 'kqYd ugha fy;k tk;sxkA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj esa izfof"V dks Bhd ;k jn~n djus ds dkj.k vkSj
blds fy, ftEesnkj O;fDr

laHkkfor dkj.k mrjnk;h dkSu gS fVIi.kh


tUe ;k e`R;q jftLVj esa fyfidh;] lacaf/kr jftLVªs'ku bdkbZ dk jftLVªkj viuh larqf"V ds vuqlkj fcuk fdlh
ç:ir% ;k lkjr% xyr vFkok jftLVj cnyko fd, g‚f'k, esa mfpr izfof"V ¼lq/kkj
diViwoZd ;k vuqfpr rkSj ij ;k jn~n½ djs vkSj lq/kkj dh rkjh[k fy[kdj
çfo"Vh dh xbZ gks mnkgj.kkFkZ fyfidh;] ;k vkSipkfjd gLrk{kj djs
xyr <ax ls uke] vkWijs'ku ds xyrh ds fy,% jftLVªkj ds
ckn fyax esa cnyko] ekrk ;k firk larq"V gksus ds ckn izof"V jftLVªkj izfof"V esa lq/kkj@jn~n rHkh dj
ds NksVs uke dk fy[kk gksuk] tUe esa lq/kkj ,oae ftyk@eq[; ldrk gS tc ml lq/kkj ds fy;s nks lHkzkUr
;k e`R;q dk LFkku lgh dh txg jftLVªkj dks lwfpr djuk O;fDr;ksa us rF;ksa dh tkudkjh ds vk/kkj ij
nwljk fy[kuk] uhft LokFkZ ds fy, vuqeksnu fd;k gks vkSj vkids le{k izLrqr
xyr lqpuk nsuk LokLF; deZpkjh tkyh vkSj vlaxr@vuqfpr fd;k gksA
dh xyrh ls cPps dk fyax xyr izfof"V ds fy,% fu/kkZfjr
fy[kuk vf/kdkjh ls vuqeksnku ds ckn lq/kkj@jn~n dh lwpuk lwpd dks Hkstuh
gh lq/kkj djuk pkfg,
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 48

egRoiw.kZ ljksdkj o Li"Vhdj.k%


la'k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 D;k cPps ds tUe dks jftLVj djkus dh rkjh[k ds Pwafd uke esa bl izdkj ds ifjorZu vf/kfu;e dh
ckn xtV vf/klwpuk ;k vU; ds ek/;e ls firk@ /kkjk 15 ds varxZr ugha vkrs] bUgsa tUe jftLVj
ekrk ds uke esa fd, x, ifjorZu dks tUe jftLVj esa esa lekfo"V djus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
lekfo"V fd;k tk ldrk gS\
2 e`R;q dksydkrk esa ?kfVr gqbZ ijUrq t;iqj esa jftLVj ,sls ekeys esa jftLVªkj dks t;iqj esa jftLVj
dh xbZ D;ksafd og O;fDr jktLFkku ds ,d xkao dk dh xbZ ?kVuk dks jn~n djuk iM+sxkA lkFk gh
jgus okyk FkkA ckn esa okLrfodrk dk irk pyk rc izfØ;kuqlkj jftLVªkj dks lwpuknkrk dks mDr
jftLVªkj us ifjokj dks lgh izfØ;k dks crk;k fd ?kVuk dks fujLr fd, tkus ,oe~ mls dydRrk esa
jftLVªs'ku ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds LFkku ij gh jftLVj djk, tkus ds ckjs esa crkuk pkfg,A
gksrh gSA D;k izfØ;k viuk;h tk;s\
3 izek.k i= esa O;fDr dk ?kjsyw uke ;k mi uke fy[kk vxj okLrfod uke tUe jftLVj esa ugha fy[kk
x;k vkSj vc mls uke dks lgh djkuk gS okLrfod x;k gS] rc jftLVªkj bl ckr ls larq"V gksus ds
uke dks tqMo+kuk gSA jftLVªkj dks D;k izfØ;k ckn fd mDr izfof"V vuqfpr :i ls dh xbZ Fkh
viukuh pkfg,\ vkSj blds ckjs esa lacaf/kr ikVhZ }kjk larks"ktud
lk{; izLrqr dj fn, x, gksa rc og ewy uke ds
lkFk *mQZ* yxkdj u;k uke] fy[k ldrk gS
4 D;k tUe vkSj e`R;q izek.k i= fMftVy gLrk{kj ls vkbZ Vh ,DV 2000 dh /kkjk 5 ds izko/kkuksa ds
tkjh fd, tk ldrs gS\ ;fn gk¡] rks fMftVy gLrk{kj rgr fMftVy gLrk{kj okys tUe vkSj e`R;q izek.k
ds fy, dkSu vf/kd`r gS\ i= oS/k nLrkost gSA ;g mUgha ij ykxw gS ftu
jftLVªkjksa dks ;g vf/kdkj fn;k x;k gSA
5 jftLVªkjksa ds rcknyksa ;k fjVk;j gks tkus ij D;k iwoZ ,sls ekeys esa orZeku jftLVªkj ds gkFk }kjk cus
jftLVªkj ds fMftVy gLrk{kj ls izek.k i= cuk, tk gLrk{kj ls gh izek.k i= tkjh djus pkfg,A tc
ldrs gaS\ rd fd mls fMftVy gLrk{kj dh vuqefr ugha
feysA bu lc ckrksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, ;g
lq>ko fn;k x;k gS fd cMs Lrj ij fMftVy
gLrk{kj ds fy, ,d gh vf/kdkjh vf/kd`r gksA
49 v/;k; 3

ryk’kh vkSj m)j.k@izek.k i= tkjh fd;k tkuk ¼/kkjk 17½


blls igys iSjk 3-v-9 esa gq;h ppkZ esa bl ckr dk mYys[k fd;k x;k
Fkk fd ;fn dksbZ ?kVuk vkids ikl jftLVªs'ku ds fy, vkbZ gS rks vki
igys ;g lqfuf'pr dj ysa fd ;g igys rks jftLVj ugha gks pqdhA
jftLVsª'ku fjdkMZ esa bl rjg dh ryk'kh nksgjs jftLVªhdj.k dks jksdus
ds fy, t:jh gSA ryk'kh djus dk izekf.kr m)j.k@izek.k i= vkidks
QkWeZ u- 10 esa lwpuknkrk dks nsuk gSA vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 17 ds vuqlkj
ß----- dksbZ O;fDr tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj dh fdlh izfof"V dh jftLVªkj
}kjk ryk'k djok ldsxk] vkSj ,sls jftLVj esa ls fdlh tUe vkSj e`R;q ls
lEcU/k dksbZ m)j.k@izek.k i= izkIr dj ldsxk -----ßA

/kkjk 17 ds varxZr ryk'kh ,oa m)j.k@izek.k i= tkjh djus ds laca/k esa


jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vkidh Hkwfedk ds ckjs esa uhps fn;k tk jgk gSA

3.v.12 /kkjk 17 vkSj mlds varxZr cuk, x, fu;eksa ds vuqlkj


jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj ds ukrs vkidks tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj dh ftl
izfof"V ds fy, vkosnu fd;k gks] fu;eksa esa fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd ds Hkqxrku ds
vk/kkj ij ryk'kh djuh gksxhA

¡ dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ;k rks fdlh ?kVuk dh ryk'kh ds fy, ;k nksuksa ryk'kh
o m)j.k@izek.k i= tkjh djus ds fy, vkosnu dj ldrk gSA
¡ vki bu m)j.kksa@izek.k i=ksa dks fu/kkZfjr QkWeZ u- 5 ¼tUe ds ekeys
esa½ vkSj QkWeZ u- 6 ¼e`R;q ds ekeys esa½ tkjh djsaA ;fn ,d ls vf/kd
o"kksZa dh ryk'kh ds fy, vkosnu fd;k gS] rks vki izR;sd o"kZ ds fy,
ryk'kh 'kqYd ys ldrs gSA
¡ lHkh m)j.k tks /kkjk 17¼1½ ds rgr fn, tk;saxs vkids }kjk
izekf.kr gksaxsA
¡ vkids }kjk tkjh fd, x, izekf.kr m)j.k@izek.k i= lk{; ds :i esa
tUe vkSj e`R;q ftldh izfof"V ls lacaf/kr gS] Lohdk;Z gksaxsA

ryk'kh djus ds ckn] vxj og izfof"V ugha feys ftlds fy, vkius
ryk'kh dh] rc vki ÞvuqiyC/krkß izek.k i= ¼QkWeZ u- 10½ tkjh dj
ldrs gSA

;kn j[ksa !!! e`R;q lEcU/kh m)j.k@izek.k i= ds ekeys esa tks fooj.k e`R;q
ds dkj.kksa ds fy, jftLVj esa izfo"V fd, x, gS mUgsa fdlh dks izdV ugha
djuk gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 50

egRoiw.kZ la’k; o Li"Vhdj.k%


la'k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 D;k dksbZ O;fDr dsoy ryk'k djokus vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 17 ds v/khu jkT; ljdkj }kjk cuk, x,
ds fy, vkosnu dj ldrk gS vFkok fu;eksa esa ?kVuk dh ryk'k djokus vkSj jftLVj ls tUe ;k e`R;q
mls ryk'k djokus vkSj m)j.k@ laca/kh m)j.k@izek.k i= nsus dh Qhl lfgr vyx&vyx mica/k
izek.k i= nksuks ds fy, ,d gh le; ¼izko/kku½ fo|eku gSA mDr fLFkfr dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, dksbZ
vkosnu djuk gksxk\ O;fDr jftLVj esa fdlh izfof"V dh ryk'k djokus ds fy, vkosnu
dj ldrk gS vkSj mls ryk'k djokus rFkk m)j.k@izek.k i=
nsus ds fy, ,d lkFk vkosnu djus dh vko';d ugha gSA mls ;g
lwfpr fd;k tk ldrk gS fd ?kVuk jftLVj esa ekStwn gSA
2 D;k jftLVªkj }kjk tkjh izi= la- 6 tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds vuqlkj /kkjk 17 ds
e`R;q izek.k i= esa e`R;q ds dkj.k varxZr m)j.k@izek.k i= ysus okys O;fDr dks jftLVªkj e`R;q dk dkj.k
laca/kh dkye dks j[kk tk ldrk gS\ ugha crk ldrk gS vkSj blfy, QkWeZ u- 6 esa bls ugha j[kk tk ldrkA

Hkkjr ds ckgj ukxfjdksa dh tUe&e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dk jftLVªs’ku


¼/kkjk 20½
/kkjk 20 ds varxZr Hkkjr ds ckgj iSnk gq, cPpksa ds tUe jftLVªs'ku ds
fy, fo'ks"k izko/kku j[ks x, gSa] ftu ij uhps ppkZ dh tk jgh gS&

3.v.13 Hkkjr ls ckgj jgus okys ukxfjdksa ds tUe vkSj e`R;q dk


jftLVªs'ku Hkkjrh; nwrkoklksa esa ukxfjdrk vf/kfu;e] 1955 ¼1955 dk 57½
esa gksrk gS vkSj ,slk jftLVªs'ku tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e
1969 ds varxZr gqvk ekuk tkrk gSA [/kkjk 20 ¼1½]

¡ bl ekeys esa ;fn ckyd ds ekrk firk Hkkjr esa clus dh n`f"V ls Hkkjr
okfil vk, gks rks os ckyd ds Hkkjr igq¡pus dh rkjh[k ls 60 fnu ds
Hkhrj fdlh Hkh le; ckyd ds tUe dk bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu mlh
jhfr ls jftLVªhd`r djk ldsx a s tSls fd mldk tUe Hkkjr esa gh gqvk
FkkA ,slh ifjfLFkfr esa tUe dk LFkku ugha cnyk tk,xk rFkk m)j.k@
izek.ki= ij ogh LFkku fy[kk tk,xk] tgka cPpk iSnk gqvk gSA tUe
fjdkMZ ds vH;qfDr dkye esa ;g mYys[k fd;k tk,xk fd ;g m)j.k@
izek.ki= /kkjk 20 ds varxZr tkjh fd, tk jgs gSAa bl lac/a k esa lacfa /kr
vkosnd ls ukxfjdrk vf/kfu;e ds rgr tkjh fd, x;s tUe izek.k i=
vFkok mlds led{k vU; nLrkost dh izfr ysuh gksxhA
¡ ;fn jftLVsªs'ku 60 fnu ds ckn djuk gks rks /kkjk 13 ¼foyfEcr
jftLVªs'ku½ ds izko/kku ykxw gksaxsA [/kkjk 20 ¼2½]]

Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa dh Hkkjr ds ckgj gqbZ e`R;q Hkkjr esa jftLVªhd`r


ugha dh tkrh gSA ,slh e`R;q Hkkjrh; nwrkoklksa esa ukxfjdrk
vf/kfu;e 1955 ds varxZr jftLVªhd`r dh tkrh gS rFkk bUgsa tUe
e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 ds varxZr Hkh jftLVªhd`r gqbZ ekuk
tkrk gSA [/kkjk 20 ¼1½] ukxfjdrk vf/kfu;e ds varxZr tkjh izek.ki=
tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds varxZr Hkh oS/k ekuk tkrk gSA
51 v/;k; 3

egRoiw.kZ la'k; o Li"Vhdj.k%


la'k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 vxj fdlh Hkkjrh; dh e`R;q Hkkjr Hkkjr ds ckgj gq;h e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku Hkkjr esa ugha gks ldrk]
ds ckgj gqbZ gks vkSj ifjokj okys ,slh e`R;q dks Hkkjrh; nwrkoklksa esa Hkkjrh; ukxfjdrk vf/kfu;e
Hkkjr esa ikfFkZo 'kjhj dks ykdj 1955 ds rgr jftLVªhd`r fd;k tkrk gS ,oe~ ftls tUe vkSj
vafre laLdkj djuk pkgrs gS] e`R;q e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 ds varxZr gqvk ekuk tkrk
jftLVªs'ku ds fy, D;k djuk gksxk\ gSA bl vf/kfu;e ds varxZr tkjh izek.ki= oS/k nLrkost ekuk
tkrk gSA
2 dsjy dk izoklh Hkkjrh; Hkkjr esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa dks Hkkjr
okfil vkdj eqEcbZ esa jgus dk QSlyk esa clus dh n`f"V ls okil vkus ij vius cPpksa ds tUe dks vius
djrk gS] muds cPps dk tUe Hkkjr clus okys LFkku ij 60 fnu ds vUnj jftLVj djkus dh vuqefr
ds ckgj gqvk gS rks mlds cPps dk nsrk gSa D;ksafd og eqEcbZ esa cl jgs gSa var tUe dk jftLVs'ku
jftLVª's ku dsjy esa gksxk ;k eqEcbZ es\a eqEcbZ esa gh gksxkA

jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr;k¡ ¼/kkjk 21½


jftLVªkj fdlh O;fDr ls] ;k rks ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr :i ls] ;g vis{kk
dj ldsxk fd ftl ifj{ks= esa og O;fDr fuokl djrk gS mlesa gq, tUe
;k e`R;q laca/kh dksbZ bfRryk tks mls gS] og mls nsa vkSj og O;fDr ,slh
vis{kk dk vuqikyu djus ds fy, vkc) gksxkA izkFkfed rkSj ij bl Hkkx
esa tUe&e`R;q jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vkidh 'kfDr;ksa dh ppkZ dh x;h gS
vkSj ;g vkidks mu 'kfDr;ksa dks le>us esa enn djsxkA

3.v.14 jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa ?kfVr fdlh Hkh
tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVuk ds ckjsa esa lwpuk izkIr dj ldrs gSA vkils ;g
mEehn dh tkrh gS fd vius vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okyh ,slh ?kVukvksa dh
tkudkjh ds fy, dne mBk;sa vkSj lqfuf'pr djsa fd budk jftLVªs'ku gks
x;k gSA

vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okyh tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvkssa
dk jftLVªs'ku tgk¡ lwpuknkrk o uksfVQk;j }kjk nh x;h lwpuk ds
vk/kkj ij gks ldrk gSA og vki Lo;a vius vki Hkh dj ldrs gSaA

vf/kfu;e esa vkidks tks 'kfDr;ka nh x;h gS mlds v/khu vki /kkjk 23
ds varxZr ftyk@eq[; jftLVªkj dks ,sls O;fDr ij tqekZus ds fy, dg
ldrs gSa tks fd%

¡ tks fcuk fdlh mfpr dkj.k ds /kkjk 8 vkSj 9 ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj


vius drZO;ksa ls ca/kk gqvk rks gS ij lwpuk u ns ik, ¼vf/kdre tqekZuk
50 :i;s½
¡ O;fDr tkurk gS ;k fo'okl gS fd ;g xyr gS fQj Hkh tUe ;k
e`R;q jftLVj esa dksbZ lwpuk tqM+okus ds fy, nsrk gS ¼vf/kdre tqekZuk
50 :i;s½
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 52

¡ vius uke fy[kus] fuokl LFkku ds ckjsa esa fy[kus ;k jftLVj esa
gLrk{kj ;k vaxwBk yxkus ¼/kkjk 11½ ls euk djrk gS ¼vf/kdre tqekZuk
50 :i;s½
¡ ¼LokLF; ,oa fpfdRlk lsok,a nsus okyk½ /kkjk 10 mi /kkjk ¼3½ ds
vUrxZr tkjh fd, tkus okys izek.k i= ds fy, euk djrk gS ;k bu
izek.k i=ksa ds forj.k dks euk djrk gS ¼vf/kdre tqekZuk 50 :i;s½
¡ fcuk fdlh mfpr dkj.k ds vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds fojks/k esa dk;Z
djrk gS ¼mYya?ku] izfrjks/k] fu;e rksMuk½ ¼vf/kdre tqekZuk 10 :i;s½

;kn jgs!!! ;g tqekZuk ugha gS oju~ ;g tqekZus ls T;knk nf.Mr gksus


dh Hkkouk dk egRo gS

e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRldh; izek.k i= ¼/kkjk 10½

flfoy jftLVªhdj.k iz.kkyh ds varxZr e`R;q ds dkj.kksa dk fpfdRldh;


izek.k i= ;kstuk dks dkj.k fof'k"V e`R;q dss fo'oluh; vuqeku dks
fu;fer :i ls tkuus ds fy, izkjEHk dh xbZ FkhA dkj.k fof'k"V e`R;q
njsa tula[;k ds LokLF; ds :[kksa dks tkuus ds eq[; ladsrd gSA jksxksa
dh nj] vyx vyx mez ds iM+ko esa fofHkUu dkj.kksa ls gksus okyh e`R;q
ds [krjksas] vLirky esa gksus okyh e`R;q dk vuqikr vkfn tu LokLF;
fu;kstdksa vkSj iz'kkldksa rFkk fpfdRldh; oSKkfudksa o 'kks/kdÙkkZvksa ds
fy, cgqr mi;ksxh gSA ;g ;kstuk vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 10 ds varxZr
ykxw gSA ;g ;kstuk le;&le; ij jkT; ljdkj@la?k iz'kklu }kjk
vf/klwfpr fpfdRlky;ksa ij ykxw gSA

3.v.15 vf/kfu;e esa e`R;q ds dkj.k dks ,sls fpfdRldh; O;olk;h] ftlus
e`rd dks vafre chekjh ds le; mldh tkap dh gks] ds }kjk izekf.kr
djus dk izko/kku gS ¼QkWeZ 4½A ;fn laLFkk ds vanj bykt fd;k gS rks
QkeZ 4 vkSj laLFkk ds ckgj 4 d Hkjk tk;sxkA e`R;q ds dkj.k dks QkWeZ 4
;k 4 d esa Hkjus ds ckn bldks e`R;q fjiksVZ ds lkFk lEcfU/kr jftLVªkj dks
Hkstuk gksrk gS [/kkjk 10 ¼2½ vkSj 10 ¼3½]]

xSj laLFkkuksa esa gqbZ e`R;q ds laca/k esa% e`R;q ls igys e`rd ftl LokLF;@
fpfdRlk iznkrk ds bZykt esa Fkk og fpfdRlh; vf/kdkjh] e`R;q ds dkj.k
dk izek.k i= ¼QkWeZ 4 d½ ml O;fDr ds lkFk] tks xSj laLFkkxr e`R;qvksa
dh fjiksVZ ds fy, ftEesnkj gS] lEcaf/kr jftLVªkj dks HkstsxkA

fgalk ls gksus okyh e`R;q vkSj vU; esfMdks&yhxy ekeysa] izk;% iksLVekVZe
ds le; fpfdRlh; ijh{kd dh tkudkjh esa yk, tkrs gSA ml le;
53 v/;k; 3

mlds ikl tks lk{; ik;s x;s gSa] mlds vk/kkj ij fpfdRlh; ijh{kd
izek.k i= Hkj dj nsrk gSA

e`R;q lEca/kh dkj.kksa dh lwpuk dh rkfydk] chekfj;ksa ds varjkZ"Vªh;


oxhZdj.k ¼vkbZ-lh-Mh-&10½ ij vk/kkfjr chekfj;ksa ds oxhZdj.k dh jk"Vªh;
lwph ds vk/kkj ij cukbZ tkrh gSA

fofHkUu fLFkfr;ksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku


iqfLrdk dk ;g Hkkx mu fLFkfr;ksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku dh ckr
djrk gS ftldh vf/kfu;e esa lh/ks rkSj ij ppkZ ugha dh x;h gSA

xksn ysus ij tUe jftLVªs’ku


3.v.16 xksn fy, gq, ¼laLFkkxr vkSj laLFkk ls vyx½ cPpksa ds jftLVª's ku
dh izfØ;k uhps crk;h gSA nRrdxzkgh ekrk&firk dks nRrd iq= ds tUe
izek.ki= esa vius uke izfo"V djokus dh izfØ;k dks vklku cukus dh n`f"V
ls ßnRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi=Þ uked u;k izi= 1&d 'kq: fd;k
x;k gSA lHkh xksn fy, gq, cPpksa ds tUe dk jftLVsª'ku ml eftLVªVs ds
vkns'k ij fuHkZj gS] ftlds vf/kdkj {ks= esa cPpk xksn fy;k x;k FkkA

bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa tgk¡ xksn fy, tkus okys cPps ds okLrfod ekrk firk
dh tkudkjh ugha gS] lkFk gh cPps dh lgh tUe frfFk vkSj tUe LFkku tks
tUe jftLVª's ku ds fy, vko';d gS Hkh ekyqe ugh gS ,slh fLFkfr;ksa es%a
¡ tUe jftLVj esa fy[kh tkus okyh tUe frfFk eq[; fpfdRlk
vf/kdkjh@ykblsal/kkjh fpfdRldksa ds izek.k i= vkSj eftLVªsV }kjk
ikfjr vkWMZj ij vk/kkfjr gksxhA
¡ jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vki dks tUe jftLVj ds vH;qfDr@fVIi.kh ds
dkWye esa dksVZ ds vkWMjZ dk fooj.k] vkWMjZ ikfjr gksus dh frfFk ,oa vU;
mi;qDr fooj.k ¼tUe frfFk] tUe LFkku vkfn½ jftLVj esa fy[kuk gksxkA
¡ xksn ysus ds ckn ,d tUe izek.k i= tks dksVZ ds ml vkns'k ij tks
fd tUe izek.k i= tkjh djus ds fy, ikfjr fd;k x;k gksxk] cPps ds
ekrk&firk ds uke esa cnyko ds lkFk tkjh djuk gksxkA
¡ tUe izek.k i= esa bl ckr dk mYys[k ugha gksuk pkfg, fd cPpk xksn
fy;k gqvk gSA

laLFkkvksa ds ckgj Hkh dkQh la[;k esa cPps xksn fy, tkrs gS mnkgj.kkFkZ%
cPpsa fj'rsnkjksa vkSj fe=ksa ls Hkh xksn fy, tkrs gSA ,sls ekeyksa esa ;g
i;kZIr gksxk fd lacf/kr vf/kdkj {ks= ds fy, fu;qDr eftLVªsV] xksn
ysus okys ekrk&firk ds fooj.kksa dh tUe jftLVj@tUe izek.k i= esa
izfof"V@cnyko dk ,oea nwljk tUe izek.k i= tkjh djus dk vkns'k nsaA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 54

ljksxslh] , vkj Vh vkSj bu foVªks QfVZykbts’ku rduhdksa }kjk


tUesa cPpksa dk jftLVªs’ku
3.v.17 vkidks tkudkjh gksxh fd ljksxslh] lgk;d iztuu rduhd
¼, vkj Vh½ vkSj bu foVªks QfVZykbts'ku rduhd }kjk cPpksa ds tUe dk
izpyu le; chrus ds lkFk vge~ gksrk tk jgk gSA ,sls ekeyksa esa tUe
izek.ki= esa vuqokaf'kdh ekrk&firk ¼Genetic parents½ dk uke gh ntZ
fd;k tk, ¼Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk;kZy; }kjk Li"Vhdj.k i= Øekad
8@9@2008 &oh ,l ¼lh vkj ,l½ fnukad 1&9&2008½

bu foVªks QfVZykbts'ku }kjk tUesa cPps ds tUe fjdkMZ esa flQZ ekrk ds
uke dh izfof"V ds ekeys esa tUe fjdkMZ esa firk ds uke dh izfof"V [kkyh
NksMuh gksxhA ;|fi tUe jftLVj ds fVIi.kh okys dkWye esa vko';d
izfof"V djsa fd bu foVªks QfVZykbts'ku@vizkd`frd oh;Z 'kqØk.kq }kjk
chtkjksi.k }kjk cPpk tUek gS] blfy, firk dk uke vafdr ugha gSA
¼Hkkjr ds egkjftLVªkj dk;kZy; }kjk Li"Vhdj.k i= Øekad 1@37@2004
&oh ,l ¼lh vkj ,l½ fnukad 23&2&2009½

[kks, gq, O;fDr;ksa dk e`R;q jftLVªs’ku


3.v.18 ,sls mnkgj.k Hkh ns[ks tkrs gSa] tgka O;fDr xqe gks tkrk gS] ysfdu
mldk ifjokj orZeku fLFkfr dks ugha tku ikrk fd og thfor gS ;k
ughA vkidks ,slh ifjfLFkfr dk lkeuk djuk iM ldrk gS fd ,sls [kks,
gq, O;fDr;ksa dk e`R;q izek.k i= nsus ds fy, yksx dgsaA e`R;q jftLVªs'ku
ds fy, vkidks O;fDr dh e`R;q dh rkjh[k o LFkku dh tkudkjh pkfg,A
ysfdu lwpuk nsus okys ds ikl ;g tkudkjh u gksA ,slh fLFkfr esa vkidks
e`R;q jftLVªs'ku esa ijs'kkuh vk ldrh gSA ;gka ,slh fLFkfr ls fuiVus ds
fy, foLrkj ls crk;k tk jgk gS&
¡ lkekU;r% vxj O;fDr ykirk gS ;k mlds ckjsa esa tkudkjh ugha gS] rks
ftl rkjh[k ls og ykirk gS ;k mlds ckjsa esa tkudkjh ugha Fkh rc ls
lkr lky ds ckn Hkkjrh; lk{; vf/kfu;e ds /kkjk 107 vkSj 108 ds
rgr dksVZ eku ldrk gS fd ml O;fDr dh e`R;q gks xbZ gSA
¡ fdlh dks e`r eku ysuk ,oa] ml O;fDr dh e`R;q dh rkjh[k vkSj LFkku
dk fu/kkZj.k ,d rF;iwjd iz'u gSA ;g l{ke dksVZ@izkf/kdj.k ds
le{k vkosnd }kjk izLrqr fd, x, nLrkostksa ;k ekSf[kd lk{; ds
vk/kkj ij gh fuf'pr fd;k tk ldrk gSA vxj dksVZ vkns'k esa rkjh[k
dk mYys[k ugha fd;k x;k gS] ml fLFkfr esa ftl fnu vkosnd@
vfHk;ksxh us dksVZ esa ;g ekeyk nkf[ky fd;k gks] ogha e`R;q dh rkjh[k ekuh
tk,xhA ;fn vkns'k esa e`R;ksa dk LFkku Hkh ugha fn;k x;k rks ml LFkku dks
e`R;ksa dk LFkku ekuk tk;sxka tgka dksVZ esa ;kfpdk nk;j dh xbZ gSA

izkd`frd ladVksa@foifÙk;ksa vkSj vkinkvksa esa e`R;q dk jftLVªs’ku


izkd`frd foifÙk tSls lqukeh] HkwdEi] ck<+ vkfn vkSj vkink,a tSls Hk;adj
nq?kZVuk,a ftuesa cgqr yksx grkgr gks tkrs gaS] ,slh fLFkfr esa fo'ks"k
55 v/;k; 3

O;oLFkk tSls mi jftLVªkj dh fu;qfDr dh tkuh pkfg, ftls ?kVuk ds


LFkku ij gh e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku djus o e`R;q izek.k i= tkjh djus dk
vf/kdkj fn;k tk;sA bldh foLrkj ls uhps ppkZ dh tk jgh gSA

3.v.19 mijksDr of.kZr ekeyksa esa ;g vko';d gS fd ,sls izHkkfor {ks=ksa


esa jftLVªs'ku e'khujh dks lqpk: fd;k tk,A blds fy, tgk¡ ikfFkZo
'kjhj vafre laLdkj ds fy, ys tk, tkrs gS] 'ko x`g tgk¡ e`r nsg j[kh
tkrh gS ogk¡ jftLVªs'ku dkmaVj [kksys tk ldrs gS vkSj mi jftLVªkjksa
dks tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 dh /kkjk 7 ¼5½ ds rgr
,d fuf'pr le;kof/k ds fy, fu;qfDr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ftlls os
mlh LFkku ij jftLVªs'ku dj ldsa vkSj izek.k i= tkjh dj ldsA ,slh
fLFkfr;ksa esa dke ds T;knk c<+ tkus ls jftLVªkj dks eqf'dy gks tkrh gS
vr% ;g vko';d dne gSA

vfHkys[kksa vkSj lkaf[;dh dk j[kj[kko ¼/kkjk 16 vkSj 19½

jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj ¼tUe vkSj e`R;q½ gksus ds ukrs vkidh ,d


ftEesnkjh ;g Hkh gS fd vki tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj] fu/kkZfjr izi= esa
vius vf/kdkj {ks= ds fy, j[ksa ,oa fofgr vf/kdkjh dks le; le; ij
fu/kkZfjr izk:i esa tks ?kVuk,a jftLVªj gq;h gS mudh ladfyr fjiksVZ tek
djsaA ;g Hkkx vkidks vfHkys[kksa vkSj lkaf[;dh ds vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 16
vkSj 19 ds rgr vkidh ftEesnkjh ds ckjs esa voxr djkrk gSA

3.v.20 tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe fjiksfVZax izi= ¼izi= 1] 2 vkSj 3½ esa ls
lkaf[;dh lwpuk vyx dj nsus ls fof/kd lwpuk Hkkx cprk gS tks Øe'k%
tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe ¼izi= 7] 8 vkSj 9½ jftLVj cu tkrk gSA

3.v.21 jftLVªs'ku izi= ds fy, jkT; fu;e ds rgr fuEufyf[kr izi=


fu/kkZfjr gSa%
izi= la[;k izi=
1 tUe fjiksVZ
1d xksn ysus okys cPps dh tUe fjiksVZ
2 e`R;q fjiksVZ
3 e`r tUe fjiksVZ
4 laLFkkxr e`R;q ds fy, e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlh; izek.k i=
4d laLFkk ls ckgj e`R;q ds fy, e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlh; izek.k i=
5 tUe izek.k i=
6 e`R;q izek.k i=
7 tUe jftLVj
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 56

8 e`R;q jftLVj
9 e`r tUe jftLVj
10 vuqiyC/krk izek.k i=
11 tUe dh ekfld lkjka'k fjiksVZ
12 e`R;q dh ekfld lkjka'k fjiksVZ
13 e`r tUe dh ekfld lkjka'k fjiksVZ

¡ lwpuk izi= la[;k 1] 2 vkSj 3 esa lwpuknkrk dk uke vkSj irk vkSj
rkjh[k ds lkFk gLrk{kj ;k vqxwBs dk fu'kku yxkus dh Hkh txg gSA
¡ izi= 4 vkSj 4 d Øe'k% laLFkkxr vkSj xSj laLFkkxr e`R;q ds fy,
e`R;q dk dkj.k fjdkMZ djus ds fy, gksrs gSA ;s QkWeZ e`r tUe ds fy,
iz;ksx ugh gksrs gSaA
¡ izi= 5 o 6 Øe'k% tUe ,oa e`R;q jftLVsª'ku ds iwjk gksus ij lacfa /kr
tUe vFkok e`R;q jftLVj ls m)j.k@izek.ki= tkjh djus ds fy, cuk,
x, gSAa ;fn vkids lEeq[k ,slh ifjfLFkfr Hkh vkrh gS tc e`r tUe dk
izek.ki= ekaxk tkrk gS] rks ,slh fLFkfr esa vki e`r tUe jftLVj ¼izi=
la- 9½ ds m)j.k ds vk/kkj ij izi= la- 5 esa vko';d ifjorZu dj] tSlk
fd ;g lwpuk e`r tUe jftLVj ds ewy fjdkMZ ls yh xbZ gS ----- tUe ds
LFkku ij e`r tUe dh rkjh[k o LFkku fy[kdj tkjh dj ldrs gSA

tUe] e`R;q ,oa e`r tUe 3.v.22 jftLVªs'ku izfØ;k ds iw.kZ gks tkus ds i'pkr~ vkils ;g vis{kk dh
lwpuk izi=ksa Øe’k% izi= tkrh gS fd tUe] e`R;q ,oa e`r tUe lwpuk izi=ksa ds fof/kd ,oa lkaf[;dh
1] 2 o 3 ls lkaf[;dh Hkkx ¼1] 2] 3½ ds uhps cus ckWDl esa vko';d jftLVªs'ku ,oa HkkSxksfyd
Hkkx dks vyx djus ds tkudkjh tSls ftys] rglhy] 'kgj] xkao dk uke ,oa dksM la[;k & bl
i’pkr~ lwpuk izi=ksa dk mn~ns'; ds fy, uhps nh xbZ txg ij HkjsaA ;g uksV fd;k tkuk pkfg,
fof/kd Hkkx Øe’k% tUe] fd ,d jftLVªs'ku bdkbZ esa lHkh ?kVukvksa ds fy, HkkSxksfyd fooj.k
e`R;q o e`r tUe jftLVj leku gh gksaxsA e`R;q fjiksVZ ds lkaf[;dh Hkkx ds uhps okys Hkkx esa fn,
izi= la- 7] 8 o 9 cu x, ckWDl esa vk;q ¼o"kZ] ekg] fnu ;k ?kaVs½ dks vo'; fy[kuk pkfg,A tgka
tkrs gSa ,e-lh-lh-Mh ;kstuk ykxw gks rks vki jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs ;g lqfuf'pr
djsa fd izR;sd laLFkkxr e`R;q lwpuk izi= la- 2 ds lkFk izi= la- 4 Hkh
izkIr gksA lHkh vko';d lwpuk Hkjus ds ckn jftLVªkj lkaf[;dh; Hkkx dks
izi= ls vyx dj ysxk vkSj ekg ds var esa fu/kkZfjr vf/kdkjh dks Hkstus
ds fy, ,d QksYMj esa Øe ls j[ksxkA fof/kd Hkkx ,d vyx QksYMj esa
j[kuk gSA ;g tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe ds fy, vyx vyx j[ks tkrs gSA
¼tks izi= la[;k 7] 8] 9 cu tkrs gS½ ;g ;kn j[ksa fd tUe] e`R;q vkSj
e`r tUe dh ?kVuk,a tks fd o"kZ esa jftLVªs'ku ds fy, vkids ikl vkbZ gSa
mUgsa tuojh dh igyh rkjh[k ls u;k uEcj fn;k tk,A

,d jftLVªs'ku dsUnz esa jftLVMZ tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe dks le;kuqlkj
fu;fer :i ls fu/kkZfjr vf/kdkjh dks fjiksVZ djuk gSA rhu izi= gksrs gS
57 v/;k; 3

ftuds uke tUe dh ekfld lkjka'k fjiksVZ izi= Lka- 11] e`R;q dh ekfld
lkjka'k fjiksVZ izi= Lka- 12] e`r tUe dh ekfld lkjka'k fjiksVZ izi= Lka- 13
bUgsa Hkj dj fjiksfVZax QkWeZ ds lkaf[;dh Hkkx ds lkFk fu/kkZfjr vf/kdkjh
dks ekfld vk/kkj ij vkxkeh ekg dh 5 rkjh[k rd Hkstuk gksrk gSA bls
uhps foLrkj ls crk;k x;k&
le; lkfj.kh }kjk izfr fVIi.kh
ekfld jftLVªkj ftyk ftl ekg dh lwpuk Hkstuh gS mlls
¼'kgjh½ jftLVªkj vkxkeh ekg dh ikap rkjh[k rd
jftLVªkj CykWd ftl ekg dh lwpuk Hkstuh gS mlls
¼xzkeh.k½ Lrj vkxkeh ekg dh ikap rkjh[k rd CykWd
Lrjh; vf/kdkjh] CykWd dh lHkh fjiksVZ
dks ladfyr djsaxs vkSj ftyk Lrj ij
HkstsaxsA

fp= 8 fjiksfVZax iz.kkyh & Q~yks pkVZ


jftLVªkj

jftLVªhd`r tUe e`R;q dh ekfld fjiksVZ ¼vxys ekg dh 5 rkjh[k rd½

ftyk jftLVªkj

ftysokj jftLVªhd`r tUe e`R;q dh lesfdr ekfld fjiksVZ


¼vxys ekg dh 10 rkjh[k rd½

eq[; jftLVªkj

mijksDr of.kZr iSjk esa lkaf[;dh fjdkMZ dks j[kus laca/kh izfØ;k dks la{ksi
esa uhps fn;k tk jgk gS%
¡ tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe dh ?kVuk,a tks fd o"kZ esa jftLVªs'ku ds
fy, vkids ikl vkbZ gSa mUgsa tuojh dh igyh rkjh[k ls u;k uEcj
fn;k tk,A
¡ tUe] e`R;q ,oa e`r tUe ds lwpuk izi= ¼fjiksfVZax QkWeZ½ ds fof/kd Hkkx
vkSj lkaf[;dh Hkkx dks vyx djuk
¡ fof/kd Hkkx ,oa lkaf[;dh Hkkx dks Øekuqlkj ,oa izR;sd o"kZ ds fy, ekgokj
j[ksAa fof/kd Hkkx] tks fd vyx fd;k x;k gS og Øe'k% tUe jftLVj]
e`R;q jftLVj vkSj e`r tUe jftLVj ¼QkWeZ 7] 8 vkSj 9½ cusx a As
¡ izR;sd ekfld lkjka'k QkWeZ ¼thfor tUe ds fy, QkWeZ 11] e`R;q ds
fy, QkWeZ 12 vkSj e`r tUe ds fy, QkWeZ 13½ dks fu;ekuqlkj fu/kkZfjr
vf/kdkjh dks fjiksfVZax QkeZ ds lkaf[;dh Hkkx ds lkFk Hkstsa] tks fd
vxys ekg dh 5 rkjh[k rd ;k mlls igys rd muds ikl igqap tk,a
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 58

¡ uxjikfydk@uxj fuxe ds ekeys esa lkjka'k fjiksVZ lh/ks gh ftyk


jftLVªkj dks Hksth tkrh gSA
¡ tgka ,e-lh-lh-Mh ;kstuk ykxw gks rks jftLVªkj ;g lqfuf'pr djsa fd
izR;sd laLFkkxr e`R;q tks fd lwpuk izi= la- 2 esa izkIr gks mlds lkFk
izi= la- 4 Hkh izkIr gksA e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRldh; izek.k i= ds
izi= dks 5 lky rd j[kuk pkfg,A

3.v.23 d`i;k ;kn j[ksa fd tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVj ds fof/kd Hkkx LFkk;h
egÙkk ds gS ftUgsa u"V ugha fd;k tk ldrk&
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj jftLVªkj dks vius ikl 12 ekg ;k jkT;
fu;ekuqlkj fu/kkZfjr vof/k rd j[kus gS mlds ckn bUgsa ftyk@CykWd
jftLVªkj ds ikl lqjf{kr j[kus ds fy, LFkkukUrfjr dj nsus pkfg,A

3.v.24 lky ds var esa tUe jftLVj] e`R;q jftLVj vkSj e`r tUe
jftLVj dks vyx vyx cka/kdj j[kus pkfg, vkSj mi ij fjdkMZ fooj.k
tSls o"kZ] fjdkMZ dh la[;k vkfn eq[; i`"B ij fy[kdj lqjf{kr j[kus gsrq
ofj"B vf/kdkjh dks ns nsuk pkfg,A

bySDVªkfud fjdkMZ dh fof/kd igpku


3.v.25 fiNys nks n'kdksa ls VSDuksyksth esa cnyko ds lkFk dbZ vPNs dke
djus okys jkT;ksa@dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa ds dbZ jftLVªs'ku dsUnzksa us dkxth
iz;ksx ls gVdj bySDVªksfud iz.kkyh dke esa yh gSA

lwpuk rduhd vf/kfu;e 2000 ds vf/kfu;e 4 tUe vkSj e`R;q fjdkMZ ds


bySDVªksfud izk:i esa j[kus dh btktr nsrk gS ijUrq lwpuk ,sls j[kh tk;
tks fd lanHkZ ds fy, miyC/k gksA

'kr izfr’kr jftLVªs’ku lqfuf’pr djuk\


tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e] 1969 ds vuqlkj vkidh ftEesnkjh
flQZ vius vf/kdkfjrk {ks= esa ?kfVr tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh
?kVukvksa dks jftLVj djuk gh ugha oju~ Lo;a vkidks Hkh vius {ks=
esa gksus okyh izR;sd tUe] e`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dk irk
djuk gSA vki muls lEcfU/kr fooj.k izkIr djsa vkSj mls jftLVj
djsaA vkidk iwjk tksj vius {ks= esa 'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku izkIr djuk
gksuk pkfg,A

;gka bl ckr dk mYys[k djuk vko';d gS fd jftLVªkj@mi jftLVªkj


gksus ds ukrs jftLVªs'ku ds fy, viuh igy djsaA ;g vko';d gS fd
vkids vf/kdkj {ks= esa gksus okyh izR;sd tUe ,oae e`R;q dks jftLVj
djs pkgs lwpuknkrk@uksfVQk;j us ml {ks= esa gksus okyh tUe] e`r tUe
59 v/;k; 3

vkSj e`R;q dh ?kVukvksa dh lwpuk vkidks nh gks vFkok ughaA okLro esa]
vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds rgr lwpuknkrk@uksfVQk;j dh lwpuk nsus ij
;k jftLVªkj Lor% Hkh lwpuk izkIr dj jftLVªs'ku dj ldrs gSA

fp= 9 'kr izfr’kr tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs’ku

turk esa
tkx:drk yk,a
ftlls tUe vkSj
e`R;q izek.k i= dh
ekax c<+sa

viuh vkSj lwpuk


tUe vkSj e`R;q
nkrkvksa dh vkSj
jftLVdj.k ls
uksfVQk;jks dh
ykHk tksMuk
{kerko/kZu
lHkh tUe vkSj
e`R;q dk jftLVªs'ku

viuh Hkwfedk laLFkkxr


,oa vius ?kVukvksa dk 'kr
mÙkjnkf;Roksa dh izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku
tkx:drk lqfuf'pr djuk

3.v.26 vki ekusaxs fd ;|fi jftLVªs'ku ,d dk;Z gS ijUrq bldk {ks=


cgqvk;keh gS ¼fp= 9½ 'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku ds y{; dh izkfIr ds fy,
;g t:jh gS fd bu fofHkUu vk;keksa dks le>saA

3.v.27 jftLVªs'ku {ks=ksa esa tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku dk Lrj ,d


lwpd gS tks crkrk gS fd ml {ks= esa jftLVªs'ku iwjk gqvk ;k ughaA bldh
x.kuk izfr'kr esa gksrh gSA bldh x.kuk ds fy, tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku
dh la[;k dks ml lky esa dqy vuqekfur ?kVukvksa dh la[;k esa Hkkx
fn;k tkrk gSA tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªs'ku ds fy, vuqekfur la[;k irk
djus ds fy, lSEiy jftLVªs'ku flLVe ds tUe vkSj e`R;q nj vkSj o"kZ ds
e/; dh vuqekfur tula[;k dks dke esa fy;k tkrk gSA

Hkkjr esa jkT;ksa vkSj dsUnz 'kkflr izns'kksa esa jftLVªs'ku ds fofHkUu Lrj gSA
bu esa dqN us 'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku Lrj izkIr dj fy;k gS] iwjs ns'k esa
'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku ds fy, & bldh vko';drk] egÙkk vkSj ykHk dh
tkudkjh c<+kuk] jftLVªs'ku izek.k i= dh mi;ksfxrk c<+kuk] jftLVªs'ku
vf/kdkfj;ksa dh Hkwfedk o mÙkjnkf;Roksa o fu;eksa dh tkudkjh c<+kuk] lHkh
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 60

laLFkk,a tks bu ?kVukvksa dh fjiksVZ djrh gS] ls tkudkjh ,df=r djuk]


flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds fØ;kUo;u ds fy, jkT; ljdkjksa }kjk /ku
dk mfpr vkoaVu vkfn dks lqfuf'pr djus dh vko';drk gSA

3.v.28 jftLVj dh xbZ ?kVukvksa dks LokLF; laLFkkvksa] , ,u ,e]


vkaxuckMh dk;ZdrkZvksa ds jftLVj ls feyku fd;k tk ldrk gSA rkfd
;fn dksbZ varj gS rks irk yx ldsA

3.v.29 xzke iapk;r] xzke LokLF; ,oa LoPNrk lfefr] xzke LokLF; o
iks"k.k fnol vkfn dh LFkkuh; cSBdsa vk;ksftr djsa rkfd tks ?kVuk,a NwV
x;h gS mudks jftLVj fd;k tk ldsA

3.v.30 jftLVªs'ku dks ljdkjh ;kstukvksa ls tksM+us ls jftLVªs'ku dh


ekax c<+sxhA mnkgj.kkFkZ ykM+yh ;kstuk ds fy, tUe izek.k i= dh ekaxA
blds vfrfjDr turk esa tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ds izfr tkx:drk
c<+kus ds fy, bySDVªksfud vkSj fiazV ehfM;k }kjk l?ku izpkj izlkj ,d
egRoiw.kZ dne gSA ;g 'kr izfr'kr jftLVªs'ku ds y{; dks izkIr djus esa
enn dj ldrk gSA

ftEesnkfj;ksa dks cks> u le>s@


a blls Mjsa ughaA ;s vki dh {kerk ds Hkjiwj
mi;ksx djus dk ,d volj gS blfy, nwljksa dh ftanxh esa lgk;d cusA

eq[; lans’k
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftfLVdj.k vf/kfu;e 1969 esa tks vkidh
ftEesnkfj;k¡ gS mUgsa le>sa vkSj viuh Hkwfedk dks izHkkoh cukosaA
¡ lwpuknkrk o uksfVQk;j egRoiw.kZ dM+h gS tks vkidks lwpuk nsrs gSA
¡ ?kVukvksa ds jftLVªs'ku dh ,d le; lhek gSA
¡ ?kVuk ?kfVr gksus ds 21 fnu ds ckn jftLVªs'ku foyfEcr
jftLVªs'ku ds izko/kkuksa vkSj 'kqYd ds lkFk gksxkA
¡ iwoZ visf{kr lkexzh tSls LVs'kujh vkfn dks lqfuf'pr djsaA
¡ vius mPp vf/kdkjh dks ekfld fjiksVZ HksatsA
¡ lqfuf'pr djsa flfoy jftLVªs'ku fo"k;d lHkh cSBdksa dk LFkk;h
,tsaMk cusA
¡ lwpuk izkIr djus ds fy, viuh 'kfDr;ksa dk iwjk mi;ksx djsaA
61 v/;k; 3

3.c ftyk vkSj vij ftyk jftLVªkj


ds fy, ekxZnf’kZdk

jkT; ds izR;sd jktLo ftys esa ,d ftyk jftLVªkj gksrk gSA jkT; esa
ftyk u dsoy tUe vkSj e`R;q vf/kfu;e 1969 ds izHkkoh fØ;kUo;u oju~
lwpuk ds lqyHk lapkj ds fy, vk/kkjHkwr iz'kklfud bdkbZ gSA izR;sd
ftys dh izxfr flfoy jftLVªs'ku flLVe ds izHkkoh fØ;kUo;u vkSj lHkh
nkosnkj foHkkxksa ds lEkUo;u ij fuHkZj gksrh gSA

3.c.1 ftyk jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vki ftys esa eq[; jftLVªkj o lEcaf/kr
ljdkjh vkns'k ¼/kkjk 6-2½ ds funsZ'k ls tUe vkSj e`R;q jftfLVªdj.k
vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds fØ;kUo;u ds fy, mRrjnk;h gSA vki dh igyh
ftEEksnkjh gS&

¡ ftys esa flfoy jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds izHkkoh fØ;kUo;u lqfuf'pr djus


ds fy, v/khuLFk lHkh jftLVªkjksa dks funsZ'k nsuk o fuxjkuh djukA
¡ fjiksVZ cukus ds fy, ekfld vk/kkj ij eq[; jftLVªkj dks vki ds
ftys esa fiNys ekg esa jftLVj tUeksa] e`R;qvksa vkSj e`Rk tUeksa dh
lesfdr fjiksVZ HkstukA ftl eghus dh lesfdr fjiksVZ Hkstuh gS ml ds
vkxkeh eghus dh nsj ls nsj 10 rkjh[k rd fjiksVZ vo'; Hkst nsaA
¡ jftLVªkjksa ds fy, {kerko)Zu dk;ZØeksa dh O;oLFkk djukA
¡ jftLVª”s ku bdkbZ;ksa ,oea mlesa j[ks x, jftLVjksa dh fuxjkuh djukA
¡ fu;ekuqlkj foyfEcr jftLVsª'ku ds fy, fyf[kr vuqKk nsukA
¡ ftyk vkSj mi ftyk Lrjh; leUo;u lfefr dk izca/kuA
¡ vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj fjiksVZ u djus ij] >wBh fjiksfVaZx ij
vkSj vius mRrjnkf;Roksa dh vuns[kh djus ij tqekZuk djukA
¡ vPNs vkSj de vPNs jftLVsª'ku {ks=ksa dh igpku djus ds fy, v/;;u
vk;ksftr djukA
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVsª'ku dh egRrk dh tkx:drk djukA

3.c.2 jkT;ljdkj izR;sd jktLo ftys ds fy, vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 6¼1½


ds rgr vij ftyk jftLVªkj Hkh fu;qDr djrh gSA fu;qDr fd;k x;k
vij ftyk jftLVªkj vkidss funsZ'k o lqijfotu esa dk;Z djsxkA og
vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa vkSj bl mÌs'; ls le;&le; ij tkjh fd, x,
ljdkjh vkns'kksa dks vius ftys esa fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, mRrjnk;h
gksxkA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 62

eq[; lans’k
¡ lwpuk dh xq.koRrk dks bl rjg lqfuf”pr djsa&
— iw.kZrk
— le;c/k
— ifj'kqf) ¼lgh½
— rqyuk ds fy, le:irk

¡ ?kVukvksa ¼thfor tUe] e`R;q o e`r tUe½ ds jftLVsª'ku vkSj


izek.k i=ksa ds forj.k dh fuxjkuh djsaA

¡ jftLVsª'ku bdkbZ;ksa@vLirkyksa ds fu;fer lqijfotu dh


O;oLFkk dks ykxw djsaA

¡ flfoy jftLVsª'ku iz.kkyh ds dfeZ;ksa dh {kerko)Zu djsaA

¡ vius ftys ds fu;kstu esa flfoy jftLVsª'ku ds vkadM+ksa dk


mi;ksx djsaA
63 v/;k; 3

3.l eq[; jftLVªkj vkSj vij eq[;


jftLVªkj ds fy, ekxZnf’kZdk

jkT; ljdkj }kjk fu;qDr] eq[; jftLVªkj ¼tUe vkSj e`R;q½ jkT; esa eq[;
dk;Zikyd vf/kdkjh gS ,oea tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e ds
izko/kkuksa vkSj fu;eksa vkSj lEcaf/kr ljdkjh funsZ'kksa ds fØ;kUo;u fy,
mRrjnk;h gS [/kkjk 4¼1½ vkSj ¼3½]A

3.l.1 eq[; jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vki dh ftEEksnkjh gS&


¡ jkT; esa jftLVªs'ku dk;Z dk lqijfotu djukA
¡ jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e ds izko/kkuksa vkSj fu;eksa ds fØ;kUo;u ds fy,
jftLVªs'ku dk;Z ds leUo;u o ,d:irk ds fy, mi;qDr funsZ'k
tkjh djukA
¡ jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds izHkkoh fØ;kUo;u gsrq jftLVªs'ku vf/kfu;e ds
izko/kkuksa vkSj fu;eksa ds fØ;kUo;u ds fy, fu;qDr vU; jftLVªs'ku
dfeZ;ksa dks fn'kk iznku djukA
¡ turk dh igqap dks vklku djus ds fy, leqfpr la[;k esa jftLVªs'ku
bdkbZ;ksa dh LFkkiuk djukA
¡ jftLVªs'ku dfeZ;ksa dh fu;qfDr djukA

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ds fy, eq[; dk;Zikyd vf/kdkjh gksus ds ukrs
jkT; esa jftLVªs'ku iz.kkyh ds izHkkoh fØ;kUo;u gsrq vki Ikj mi;qDr
dk;Zokgh dh ftEEksnkjh gS&

¡ lHkh jftLVªs'ku vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, {kerko)Zu dk;ZØeksa dh le;


le; Ikj O;oLFkk djukA
¡ foHkkxh; o vUrfoZHkkxh; leUo;u ds lkFk lHkh jftLVªs'ku dk;Z dk
leUo;u djukA
¡ tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku ds fy, izR;sd jftLVªs'ku dsUnz ds fy,
leqfpr ek=k esa LVs'kujh dh miyC/krk lqfuf'pr djukA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 64

okf"kZd fjiksVZ izLrqr djuk


3.l.2 eq[; jftLVªkj gksus ds ukrs vki dh ftEEksnkjh gS fd izR;sd
dSys.Mj o"kZ ¼tuojh&fnlEcj½ ds fy, lHkh ftyksa ls izkIr lwpuk dks
O;ofLFkr djuk vkSj lkaf[;dh fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA d`i;k lqfuf'pr djas
fd lkaf[;dh fjiksVZ esa rkfydk,a fu/kkZfjr izk:i esa gaS vkSj mldk ladyu
lacaf/kr o"kZ ds Bhd i'pkrorhZ o"kZ dh 31 tqykbZ ls iwoZ dj fy;k tk,
rFkk mldk izdk'ku mlds i'pkr~ ;Fkk'kh?kz] fdarq fdlh Hkh n'kk esa mDr
rkjh[k ls ikap ekg ds Hkhrj fd;k tk,A dqy feykdj 53 rkfydk,a
curh gS] ftuesa 23 rkfydk,a tUe jftLVªs'ku dh] 21 rkfydk,a e`R;q
jftLVªs'ku dh] 7 rkfydk,a e`r tUe jftLVªs'ku dh vkSj nks fjiksfVZax ds
fy, gksrh gSA

vki dks vf/kfu;e ds dk;kZUo;u dh okf"kZd fjiksVZ Hkh jkT; ljdkj dks ml
o"kZ dh 31 tqykbZ rd izLrqr djuh gSA

egRoiw.kZ la'k; o Li"Vhdj.k%


la'k; Li"Vhdj.k
1 D;k jftLVªkj laLFkkxr ?kVukvksa dks ;fn izHkkjh fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh fu/kkZfjr le; lhek ds Hkhrj
jftLVj djkus esa vlQy jgus ds fdlh ?kVuk dh lwpuk ugha ns rks og foyEc “kqYd vkSj
fy, pwddrkZ izHkkjh fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 13 rFkk 23 esa ;Fkk micaf/kr n.M Hkh
¼bfRRkyknkrk½ ds fo:} vfHk;kstu dh vnk djus dk mÙkjnk;h gks tkrk gSA /kkjk 25 ds v/khu
dkjZokbZ dj ldrk gS\ ;Fkk micaf/kr eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk fdlh izkf/kd`r vf/kdkjh
}kjk] ;fn vko”;d gks rks] vfHk;kstu dh dkjZokbZ Hkh dh tk
ldrh gSA
2 D;k vfHk;kstuk dk;Zokgh ds nkSjku vfHk;kstu dk;Zokfg;ksa ij /;ku fn, fcuk izHkkjh fpfdRlk
?kVukvksa dks jftLVj djk;k tk vf/kdkjh vf/kfu;e ds lqlaxr mica/k ds vuqlkj foyEc vkfn
ldrk gS\ ds vk/kkj ij ?kVuk dks jftLVj djkus ds fy, ck/; gSA
3 D;k tUe vkSj e`R;q dh lwpuk u nsus fdlh O;fDr ds fo:) vfHk;kstu vkjEHk djuk ;k vijk/kksa dk
ds vijk/kksa dk iz”keu dj fn;s tkus iz”keu djuk vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 13 ¼4½ ds mica/k ds vuqlkj
ij ?kVukvksa dks jftLVj fd;k tk vfuok;Z jftLVªhdj.k dh izfØ;k dks iwjk djus esa vkM+s ugha
ldrk gS\ vkrkA vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 23 ;k 24 ds v/khu dh xbZ dkjZokbZ
ij dksbZ izfrdwy izHkkx Mkys fcuk /kkjk 13 ds v/khu dkjZokbZ
dh tk,xhA
4 D;k fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh@eSfMdy lacaf/kr O;fDr dks /kkjk 23 ;k 24 ds v/khu fd, tkus okys
vkWfQlj /kkjk 23 vkSj 24 ds rgr fd;s n.M lfgr foyEc jftLVªhdj.k “kqYd nsuk gksxkA
x, tqekZuk ds lkFk foyfEcr jftLVªs”ku
Qhl Hkh vnk djsx\
5 fof/k U;k;ky;ksa }kjk fd, x, tqekZuksa lacaf/kr fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh }kjk Lo;a gh tqekZus dk ogu fd;k
;k foyfEcr jftLVªhdj.k ds fy, ns; tk,xk laLFkkvksa }kjk ugha D;ksafd vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 8 ¼1½
foyEc “kqYd dks pwddrkZ fpfdRlk ¼[k½ ds v/khu ?kVukvksa dh bfÙkyk nsus ds fy, mls gh dÙkZO;
vf/kdkjh }kjk Lo;a ogu fd;k tk,xk ck/;rk ds rkSj ij fofufnZ’V fd;k x;k gSA
;k laLFkkuks }kjk ljdkjh@LFkkuh;
fudk; ds QaM+ksa ls vnk fd;k tk,xkA
65 v/;k; 3

eq[; lans’k
¡ izR;sd ftys dh fjiksfVZax vkSj jftLVªs'ku Lrj dh gj eghus
fuxjkuh djsaA

¡ i;Zos{k.k ¼lqijfotu½ dh O;oLFkk dks ykxw djsaA

¡ flfoy jftLVªs'ku ls lacaf/kr lHkh foHkkxksa vkSj foHkkx ds vanj


leUo;u lqfuf'pr djsaA

¡ fjiksVZ le; ls izLrqr djsaA

¡ flfoy jftLVªs'ku vkadM+ksa dks lHkh Lrjksa ¼LFkkuh; ls jkT;½


ij fu;kstu ds fy, mi;ksx djsaA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 66

vuqyXud
vuqyXud I tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k
vf/kfu;e] 1969
vuqyXud II tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªs'ku dh
vkn'kZ fu;ekoyh 1999
vuqyXud III tUe&e`R;q ,oa e`r&tUe
fjiksVZ izi= Hkjus lEcU/kh
vuqns'k
vuqyXud IV nRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk
izi= Hkjus ds fy;s vuqns'k
vuqyXud V flfoy jftLVªs’ku
iz.kkyh izi=
67 vuqyXud I

vuqyXud I tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k


vf/kfu;e] 1969
¼1969 dk vf/kfu;e la[;kad 18½
¼31 ebZ] 1969½

tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªhdj.k ds fofu;eu vkSj rRlac) fo"k;ksa dk


micC/k djus ds fy;s vf/kfu;e

Hkkjr x.kjkT; ds chlosa o"kZ esa laln }kjk fuEufyf[kr :i esa ;g vf/kfu;fer gks

v/;k; 1 izkjfEHkd ekrk ls iw.kZ fu"dklu ;k fu"d"kZ.k ls


iwoZ thou ds lc y{k.kksa dk vHkko gks
1- laf{kIr uke] foLrkj vkSj izkjEHk tkuk vfHkizsr gS(
¼1½ ;g vf/kfu;e tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k
vf/kfu;e] 1969 dgk tk ldsxkA ¼?k½ ^^thfor&tUe** ls xHkkZ/kku ds ,sls
mRikn dk] xHkZ pkgs ftrus le; dk
¼2½ bldk foLrkj lEiw.kZ Hkkjr ij gSA gks] viuh ekrk ls iw.kZ fu"dklu ;k
fu"d"kZ.k vfHkiszr gS] tks ,sls fu"dklu
¼3½ ;g fdlh jkT; esa ml rkjh[k1 dks izo`Rr ;k fu"d"kZ.k ds i”pkr~ “okl ysrk gS ;k
gksxk ftls dsUnzh; ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= thou dk dksbZ vU; y{k.k nf”kZr djrk
esa vf/klwpuk }kjk fu;r djs% gS vkSj ,sls tUe okyk izR;sd mRikn
thfor&tkr le>k tkrk gS(
ijUrq fdlh jkT; ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa ds fy, fofHkUu
rkjh[ksa fu;r dh tk ldsaxhA ¼³½ ^^fofgr** ls bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu
cuk, x, fu;eksa }kjk fofgr vfHkizsr gS(
2- ifjHkk"kka, vkSj fuoZpu
¼1½ bl vf/kfu;e esa] tc rd fd lanHkZ ls ¼p½ fdlh la?k jkT; {ks= ds laca/k esa ÞjkT;
vU;Fkk visf{kr u gks] ljdkjß ls mldk iz”kkld vfHkiszr gS(

¼d½ ^^tUe** ls thfor&tUe ;k e`r&tUe ¼N½ ^^e`r&tUe** ls ,slh Hkzw.k&e`R;q vfHkiszr


vfHkizsr gS( gS tgka xHkkZ/kku dk mRikn de ls de
fofgr xHkkZof/k izkIr dj pqdk gSA
¼[k½ ^^e`R;q** ls thfor&tUe gks tkus ds i”pkr~
fdlh Hkh le; thou ds lc y{k.kksa dk ¼2½ bl vf/kfu;e easa fdlh ,slh fof/k ds izfr]
LFkk;h rkSj ij foyksiu vfHkizrs gS( tks fdlh {ks= esa izoR` r ugha gS] funs”Z k
dk ml {ks= ds lac/a k esa ;g vFkZ yxk;k
¼x½ ^Hkwz.k&e`R;q* ls xHkkZ/kku ds mRikn dk] tk,xk fd og ml {ks= essa izoR` r rRLFkkuh
xHkZ pkgs ftrus le; dk gks] viuh fof/k ds izfr] ;fn dksbZ gks] funs”Z k gSA
1- ns[ksa i`"B 78
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 68

v/;k; 2 jftLVªhdj.k & LFkkiu vkns”kksa ds fu"iknu ds fy, eq[; dk;Zikyd


izkf/kdkjh gksxkA
3- Hkkjr dk egkjftLVªkj
¼1½ dsUnzh; ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= eas ¼4½ eq[; jftLVªkj jkT; esa jftLVªdj.k ds dk;Z
vf/klwpuk }kjk] fdlh O;fDr dks Hkkjr ds ds leUo;] ,dhdj.k vkSj i;Zos{k.k ds fy,
egkjftLVªkj ds :i esa fu;qDr dj ldsxhA leqfpr vuqns”k fudky dj ;k vU;Fkk
jftLVªdj.k dh n{k i)fr lqfuf”pr djus
¼2½ dsUnzh; ljdkj] ,sls vU; vf/kdkjh Hkh] ,sls ds fy, dne mBk,xk rFkk ml jkT; esa bl
inukeksa ls] tSls og Bhd le>s egkjftLVªkj vf/kfu;e ds dk;kZUo;u ds ckjs esa ,d fjiksVZ]
ds bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu ,sls d`R;ksa ds] ,slh jhfr ls vkSj ,sls vUrjkyksa ij] ftUgsa
ftudk fuoZgu djus ds fy, og mUgs fofgr fd;k tk;] /kkjk 19 dh mi/kkjk ¼2½
le;&le; ij izkf/kd`r djs] egkjftLVªkj ds esa fufnZ"V lkaf[;dh; fjiksVZ ds lkFk rS;kj
v/kh{k.k vkSj funs”ku ds v/khu fuoZgu djus djsxk vkSj jkT; ljdkj dks izLrqr djsxkA
ds iz;kstu] ds fy, fu;qDr dj ldsxhA
5- jftLVªhdj.k [kaM
¼3½ egkjftLVªkj mu jkT; {ks=ksa esa] ftu ij jkT; ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= esa vf/klwpuk
bl vf/kfu;e dk foLrkj gS] tUe vkSj e`R;q }kjk] jkT; ds Hkhrj ds jkT; {ks= dks ,sls
ds jftLVªhdj.k ds ckjs esa lk/kkj.k funsZ”k jftLVªhdj.k [k.Mksa esa] ftUgsa og Bhd le>s]
tkjh dj ldsxk vkSj tUe vkSj e`R;q ds foHkDr dj ldsxh vkSj fofHkUu jftLVªdj.k [k.Mksa
jftLVªhdj.k ds fo"k; esa eq[; jftLVªkjksa ds ds fy, fofHkUu fu;e fofgr dj ldsxhA
fØ;kdyki ds leUo; vkSj ,dhdj.k ds
fy, dne mBk,xk vkSj mDr jkT; {ks=ksa esa 6- ftyk jftLVªkj
bl vf/kfu;e ds dk;kZUo;u fo"k;d okf"kZd ¼1½ jkT; ljdkj] izR;sd jktLo ftys ds fy,
fjiksVZ dsUnzh; ljdkj dks izLrqr djsxkA ,d ftyk jftLVªkj vkSj mrus vfrfjDr ftyk
jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldsxh ftrus og Bhd
4- eq[; jftLVªkj le>s vkSj tks ftyk jftLVªkj ds lk/kkj.k
¼1½ jkT; ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= esa vf/klwpuk fu;a=.k vkSj funs”ku ds v/;/khu jgrs gq,]
}kjk] fdlh jkT; ds fy, ,d eq[; jftLVªkj ftyk jftLVªkj ds ,sls d`R;ksa dk fuoZgu djsx
a s
fu;qDr dj ldsxhA ftudk fuoZgu djus ds fy, ftyk jftLVªkj
mUgsa le;&le; ij izkf/kd`r djsAa
¼2½ jkT; ljdkj] ,sls vU; vf/kdkjh Hkh] ,sls
inukeksa ls] tSls og Bhd le>s] eq[; ¼2½ eq[; jftLVªkj ds funs”ku ds v/;/khu jgrs
jftLVªkj ds ,sls d`R;ksa dk] ftudk fuoZgu gq,] ftyk jftLVªkj ftys esa tUe vkSj e`R;q
djus ds fy, og mUgsa le; le; ij ds jftLVªhdj.k dk v/kh{k.k djsxk rFkk bl
izkf/kd`r djsa] eq[; jftLVªkj ds v/kh{k.k vkSj vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa vkSj eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk
funs”ku ds v/khu fuoZgu djus ds iz;kstu ds bl vf/kfu;e ds iz;kstuksa ds fy, le;&le;
fy,] fu;qDr dj ldsxhA ij fudkys x, vkns”kksa dk fu"iknu ftys esa
djus ds fy, mRrjnk;h gksxkA
¼3½ jkT; ljdkj }kjk fn, x, funs”kksa ds] ;fn
dksbZ gks] v/;/khu jgrs gq, eq[; jftLVªkj 7- jftLVªkj
fdlh jkT; esa bl vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa ¼1½ jkT; ljdkj uxjikfydk] iapk;r ;k vU;
vkSj rn/khu cuk, x, fu;eksa vkSj fd;s x, LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjh dh vf/kdkfjrk ds Hkhrj
69 vuqyXud I

dk {ks= lekfo"V djus okys izR;sd LFkkuh; ¼3½ izR;sd jftLVªkj dk dk;kZy; ml LFkkuh; {ks=
{ks= ds fy, ;k fdlh vU; {ks= ds fy, ;k esa gksxk ftlds fy, og fu;qDr fd;k x;k gksA
muesa ls nks ;k vf/kd ds leqPp; ds fy,
,d jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldsxh% ¼4½ izR;sd jftLVªkj tUe vkSj e`R;q ds
jftLVªhdj.k ds iz;kstu ds fy, vius
ijUrq jkT; ljdkj fdlh uxjikfydk] dk;kZy; esa ,sls fnuksa vkSj ,sls le;ksa ij]
iapk;r ;k vU; LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjh dh n”kk ftudk eq[; jftLVªkj funs”k ns] gkftj jgsxk
esa mlds fdlh vf/kdkjh ;k vU; deZpkjh dks vkSj jftLVªkj ds dk;kZy; ds ckgjh }kj ij
jftLVªkj ds :i esa fu;qDr dj ldsxhA ;k mlds ikl ds fdlh lgtn`”; LFkku
ij ,d cksMZ yxok,xk ftl ij mldk uke
¼2½ izR;sd jftLVªkj bl iz;kstu ds fy, j[ks rFkk ftl LFkkuh; {ks= ds fy, og fu;qDr
x, jftLVj esa /kkjk 8 ;k /kkjk 9 ds v/khu gks mldk tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªkj rFkk
mls nh xbZ bfRryk] Qhl ;k uke ds fcuk mldh gkftjh ds fnu vkSj ?kaVs LFkkuh; Hkk"kk
ntZ djsxk rFkk viuh vf/kdkfjrk ds Hkhrj esa fy[ks gksx
a As
gksus okys izR;sd tUe vkSj izR;sd e`R;q
ds fo"k; esa Lo;a tkudkjh izkIr djus ds ¼5½ eq[; jftLVªkj ds iwoZ vuqeksnu ls jftLVªkj
fy, iwjh lko/kkuh ls dne mBk,xk rFkk viuh vf/kdkfjrk ds fofufnZ"V {ks=ksa ds
jftLVªhdj.k ds fy, visf{kr fof”k"V;ksa ds lEcU/k esa mi&jftLVªkj fu;qDr dj ldsxk
vfHkfu”p;u vkSj jftLVªhdj.k ds fy, Hkh vkSj mUgsa viuh dksbZ ;k lHkh “kfDr;ka vkSj
dne mBk,xk dRrZO; lkSai ldsxkA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 70

v/;k; 3 tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k esa tUe ;k e`R;q dh ckcr] ogka dk
Hkkjlk/kd O;fDr(
8-tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k djkus ds
fy, visf{kr O;fDr ¼M½ yksd LFkku esa vfHkR;Dr ik, x, fdlh
¼1½ uhps fofufnZ"V O;fDr;ksa dk ;g drZO; gksxk uotkr f”k”kq ;k “ko dh ckcr] xzke
fd os /kkjk 16 dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds v/khu dh n”kk esa xzke.kh ;k xzke dk vU;
jkT; ljdkj }kjk fofgr izk:iksa esa izfo"V rRLFkkuh vf/kdkjh vkSj vU;= LFkkuh;
fd, tkus ds fy, visf{kr fofHkUu fof”kf"V;ksa iqfyl Fkkus dk Hkkjlk/kd vkfQlj%
dh bRryk vius loksZre Kku vkSj fo”okl ds
vuqlkj] ,sls le; ds Hkhrj] tks fofgr fd;k ijUrq dskbZ O;fDr tks ,sls f”k”kq ;k “ko
tk;] ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr :i esa jftLVªkj dks dks ikrk gS ;k ftlds Hkkjlk/ku esa ,slk
nsa ;k fnyok,a]& f”k”kq ;k “ko j[kk tk,] og ml rF;
dks ml xzke.kh ;k iwoksZDr vf/kdkfj;ksa
¼d½ [k.M ¼[k½ ls ¼M½ rd esa fufnZ"V LFkku dks lwfpr djsxkA
ls fHkUu fdlh ?kj esa] pkgs og fuoklh;
gks ;k vfuoklh;] gq, tUe vkSj e`R;q ¼p½ fdlh vU; LFkku esa] ,slk O;fDr tks
dh ckcr] ml ?kj dk ,slk eqf[k;k] ;k fofgr fd;k tk,A
;fn ml ?kj esa ,d ls vf/kd x`gfLFk;ka
fuokl djrh gkas rks ml x`gLFkh dk ¼2½ mi/kkjk ¼1½ esa fdlh ckr ds gksrs gq, Hkh]
,slk eqf[k;k] tks ml ?kj ;k x`gLFkh jkT; ljdkj fdlh jftLVªhdj.k [k.M
}kjk ekU; eqf[k;k gks vkSj ;fn fdlh esa fo|eku n”kkvksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,]
,slh dkykof/k ds nkSjku] ftlesa tUe vkns”k }kjk] ;g visf{kr dj ldsxh fd ,slh
;k e`R;q dh fjiksVZ dh tkuh gks] fdlh dkykof/k ds fy,] tks vkns”k esa fofufnZ"V dh
le; ,slk O;fDr ?kj esa mifLFkr u tk,] mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds [k.M ¼d½ esas fufnZ"V
gks] rks eqf[k;k dk og fudVre laca/kh ?kj esa tUe vkSj e`R;q ds lEcU/k esa bfRryk
tks ?kj esa mifLFkr gks vkSj ,sls fdlh ml [k.M esa fofufnZ"V O;fDr;ksa ds ctk; og
O;fDr dh vuqifLFkfr esa mDr dkykof/k O;fDr nsxk tks jkT; ljdkj }kjk inuke ls
ds nkSjku mlesa mifLFkr lcls cM+k bl fufer fofufnZ"V fd;k x;k gksA
O;LFk iq#"k(
9- ckxku esa tUe vkSj e`R;q ds lEcU/k esa
¼[k½ fdlh vLirky] LokLF; dsUnz] izlwfr fo'ks"k micU/k
;k ifjp;kZ x`g ;k oSlh gh fdlh laLFkk fdlh ckxku esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dh n”kk es ml
esa tUe ;k e`R;q dh ckcr] ogka dk ckxku dk v/kh{kd /kkjk 8 esa fufnZ"V bfRryk
Hkkjlk/kd fpfdRld vf/kdkjh ;k mlds jftLVªkj dks nsxk ;k fnyok,xkA
}kjk bl fufer izkf/kd`r dksbZ O;fDr(
ijUrq /kkjk 8 dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ [k.M ¼d½ ls ¼p½
¼x½ tsy esa tUe ;k e`R;q dh ckcr] tsy dk rd esa fufnZ"V O;fDr ml ckxku ds v/kh{kd dks
Hkkjlk/kd tsyj( vko”;d fof”kf"V;ka nsaxsaA

¼?k½ fdlh pkoM+h] N=] gksLVy] /keZ”kkyk] Li"Vhdj.k & bl /kkjk esa ckxku in ls pkj
Hkkstuky;] oklk] ikaFk”kkyk] cSjd] gSDVj ls vU;wu foLrkj dh ,slh Hkwfe vfHkiszr
rkM+h[kkuk ;k yksd vfHkxe LFkku gS tks pk;] dkQh] dkyh fepZ] jcM+] byk;ph]
71 vuqyXud I

fludksuk ;k ,sls vU; mRiknksa dks] tks jkT; dh n”kk es]a tks viuh vafre chekjh ds nkSjku
ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= esa vf/klwpuk }kjk] fdlh fpfdRlk& O;olk;h dh ifjp;kZ esa Fkk]
fofufnZ"V djs] mitkus ds fy, rS;kj dh tk ml O;fDr dh e`R;q ds i”pkr rRdky og
jgh gS ;k ftlesa ,slh mit oLrqr% gksrh gS rFkk fpfdRlk& O;olk;h dksbZ Qhl fy, fcuk ,sls
^^ckxku dk v/kh{kd^^ in ls og O;fDr vfHkiszr gS O;fDr dks] tks bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu fdlh
tks ckxku ds Jfedksa ;k ckxku ds dk;Z dk Hkkj e`R;q ls lac)a bfRryk nsus ds fy, visf{kr
;k v/kh{k.k j[krk gks] pkgs og izcU/kd] v/kh{kd gks] e`R;q ds dkj.k ds ckjs es]a vius loksRZ re
;k fdlh vU; uke ls iqdkjk tkrk gksA Kku vkSj fo”okl ds vuqlkj dFku djrs gq,]
izek.k i= nsxk vkSj ,slk O;fDr og izek.ki=
10- tUe vkSj e`R;q dh lwpuk nsus vkSj izkIr djsxk vkSj bl vf/kfu;e dh vis{s kkuqlkj
e`R;q ds dkj.k dks izekf.kr djus dk dqN e`R;q ls lac)a bfRryk nsrs le; jftLVªkj dks
O;fDr;ksa dk drZO; ¼1½ ifjnRr djsxkA

(i) tUe ;k e`R;q ds le; mifLFkr nkbZ 11-bfRryk nsus okys dk jftLVj ij
;k fdlh vU; fpfdRlh; ;k LokLF; gLrk{kj djuk
ifjpkjd dk] izR;sd O;fDr] ftlus jftLVªkj dks bl vf/kfu;e
ds v/khu visf{kr dksbZ bfRryk ekSf[kd :i esa nh
(ii) “koksa ds O;;u ds fy, vyx dj fn, gks] bl fufeRr j[ks x, jftLVj esa viuk uke]
x, fdlh LFkku ds iazc/kd ;k Lokkeh o.kZu vkSj fuokl LFkku fy[ksxk rFkk ;fn og
;k ,sls LFkku ij mifLFkr jgus ds fy, fy[k ugha ldrk gS rks jftLVj esa vius uke]
LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjh }kjk visf{kr fdlh o.kZu vkSj fuokl LFkku ds lkeus viuk vaxq"B
O;fDr dk vFkok fpUg yxk,xk vkSj ,slh n”kk esa os fof”kf"V;ka
jftLVªkj }kjk fy[kh tk,axhA
(iii) fdlh vU; O;fDr dk ftls jkT;
ljdkj mlds inuke ls bl fufeRr 12- bfRryk nsus okys dks jftLVªhdj.k dh
fofufnZ"V djsa] izfof"V;ksa ds m)j.kksa dk fn;k tkuk
tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k iw.kZ gksrs gh]
;g drZO; gksxk fd og izR;sd ,sls tUe ;k e`R;q jftLVªkj jftLVj esa ls ml tUe ;k e`R;q ls
;k nksuksa dh] ftlesa mlus ifjp;kZ dh gks ;k og lEc) fofgr fof”kf"V;ksa dk vius gLrk{kj lfgr
mifLFkr Fkk] ;k tks ,sls {ks= es]a tSlk fofgr fd;k m)j.k ml O;fDr dks eq¶r nsxk ftlus /kkjk 8
tk,] gqbZ gS] lwpuk jftLVªkj dks brus le; ds ;k /kkjk 9 ds v/khu bfRryk nhA
Hkhrj vkSj ,slh jhfr ls ns ftls fofgr fd;k tk,A
13- tUe vkSj e`R;q dk foyfEcr jftLVªhdj.k
¼2½ fdlh {ks= esa bl fufeRr izkI; lqfo/kkvksa dks ¼1½ ftl tUe ;k e`R;q dh bfRryk rnFkZ
/;ku esa j[krs gq,] jkT; ljdkj ;g vis{kk dj fofufnZ"V dkykof/k ds volku ds i”pkr]
ldsxh fd e`R;q ds dkj.k dk izek.ki=] ,sls fdUrq mlds gksus ds rhl fnu ds Hkhrj]
O;fDr ls vkSj ,sls izk:i es]a tks fofgr fd;k jftLVªkj dks nh tk, og ,slh foyEc &
tk,] jftLVªkj }kjk vfHkizkIr fd;k tk;sxkA Qhl] tks fofgr dh tk,] fn, tkus ij
jftLVªhd`r dh tk,xhA
¼3½ tgka jkT; ljdkj us mi/kkjk ¼2½ ds v/khu ;g
vis{kk dh gks fd e`R;q ds dkj.k dk izek.ki= ¼2½ ftl tUe ;k e`R;q dh foyfEcr bfRryk
vfHkizkIr fd;k tk, ogka ml O;fDr dh e`R;q mlds gksus ds rhl fnu ds i”pkr fdUrq
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 72

,d o"kZ ds Hkhrj] jftLVªkj dks nh tk, 14- ckyd ds uke dk jftLVªhdj.k


og fofgr izkf/kdkjh dh fyf[kr vuqKk tgka fdlh ckyd dk tUe uke ds fcuk jftLVªhd`r
ls vkSj fofgr Qhl fn, tkus rFkk uksVjh fd;k x;k gks ogka ,sls ckyd dh ekrk ;k firk
ifCyd ;k jkT; ljdkj }kjk bl fufeRr ;k laj{kd ckyd ds uke ds laca/k esa bfRryk] ;k
izkf/kd`r fdlh vU; vf/kdkjh ds le{k rks ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr :i esa] jftLVªkj dks fofgr
“kifFkr “kiFk&i= ds is”k fd, tkus ij gh dkykof/k ds Hkhrj nsxk vkSj rc jftLVªkj ,sls
jftLVªhd`r dh tk,xhA uke dks jftLVj esa ntZ djsxk vkSj izfof"V dks
vk|{kfjr djsxk vkSj ml ij rkjh[k MkysxkA
¼3½ tks tUe ;k e`R;q gksus ds ,d o"kZ ds Hkhrj
jftLVªhd`r ugha dh xbZ gks] og ml tUe 15-tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj esa izfof"V dks
;k e`R;q dh “kq)rk dk lR;kiu djus ds Bhd ;k jnn~ djuk
i”pkr izFke oxZ eftLVªsV ;k iszflMsUlh ;fn jftLVªkj dks lek/kku iznku djus okys :i
eftLVsªV }kjk fd, x, vkns”k ij vkSj esa ;g lkfcr dj fn;k tk, fd bl vf/kfu;e
fofgr Qhl fn, tkus ij gh jftLVªhd`r ds v/khu mlds }kjk j[ks x, jftLVj esa tUe ;k
dh tk,xhA e`R;q dh dksbZ izfof"V iz:ir% ;k lkjr% xyr gS
vFkok diViwod Z ;k vuqfpr rkSj ij dh xbZ gS
¼4½ bl /kkjk ds micU/k ,slh fdlh dkjZokbZ rks og ,sls fu;eksas ds v/;/khu jgrs gq,] tks jkT;
ij dskbZ izfrdwy izHkko u Mkysaxs tks ljdkj }kjk] ,slh “krksZ dh ckcr ftu ij vkSj
fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q dk jftLVªhdj.k ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh ckcr ftuesa ,slh izfof"V;ksa
mlds fy,] fofufnZ"V le; ds Hkhrj dks Bhd ;k jn~n fd;k tk ldsxk] cuk, tk,a] ewy
djkus esa fdlh O;fDr ds vlQy jgus izfof"V esa dksbZ ifjorZu fd, fcuk ik”oZ esa ;Fkksfpr
ij mlds fo#) dh tk ldrh gks izfof"V djds ml izfof"V dh xyrh dks Bhd dj
vkSj ,sls fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q dks ,slh ldsxk ;k ml izfof"V dks jn~ dj ldsxk rFkk
fdlh dkjZokbZ ds yfEcr jgus ds nkSjku ik”oZ izfof"V ij vius gLrk{kj djsxk vkSj mlesa
jftLVªhd`r fd;k tk ldsxkA Bhd ;k jnn~ djus dh rkjh[k tksM+ nsxkA
73 vuqyXud I

v/;k; 4 vfHkys[kksa vkSj lkaf[;fd;ksa dks ¼2½ bl /kkjk ds v/khu fn, x, lHkh m)j.k
j[kuk Hkkjrh; lk{; vf/kfu;e 1872 ¼1872 dk 1½
dh /kkjk 76 ds micU/kksa ds vuqlkj] jftLVªkj
16- fofgr izk:i eas jftLVjksa dk jftLVªkjksa }kjk ;k fdlh vU; ,sls vf/kdkjh }kjk] ftls
}kjk j[kk tkuk ,sls m)j.k nsus ds fy, jkT; ljdkj us
¼1½ izR;sd jftLVªkj jftLVªhdj.k {ks= ;k mlds izkf/kd`r fd;k gks] izekf.kr fd, tk,axs vkSj
fdlh Hkkx ds fy, ftlds laca/k esa og ml tUe ;k e`R;q dks ftlls og izfof"V
vf/kdkfjrk dk iz;ksx djrk gks fofgr izk:i lac) gks] lkfcr djus ds iz;kstu ds fy,
esa tUe vkSj e`R;q dk jftLVj j[ksxkA lk{; esa xzkâ; gksaxsA

¼2½ eq[; jftLVªkj ,sls izk:iksa vkSj vuqns”kksa ds 18- jftLVªhdj.k dk;kZy;ksa dk fujh{k.k
vuqlkj tks le;&le; ij fofgr fd, tk,a] jftLVªhdj.k dk;kZy;ksa dk fujh{k.k vkSj muesa j[ksa
tUe vkSj e`R;q dh izfof"V;ka djus ds fy, x, jftLVjksa dh ijh{kk ,slh jhfr ls] vkSj ,sls
i;kZIr la[;k esa jftLVj Niok,xk vkSj iznk; izkf/kdkjh }kjk] ftls ftyk jftLVªkj fofufnZ"V
djk,xk% rFkk ,sls izk:iksa dh LFkkuh; Hkk"kk djsa] fd;k tk,xkA
esa ,d izfr izR;sd jftLVªkj ds dk;kZy;
ds ckâ; }kj ij ;k mlds fudV fdlh 19- dkfyd foojf.k;ksa dk jftLVªkjksa
lgtn`”; LFkku ij yxkbZ tk,xhA }kjk eq[; jftLVªkj dks ladyu ds fy,
Hkstk tkuk
17- tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj dh ryk'kh ¼1½ izR;sd jftLVªkj eq[; jftLVªkj dks ;k mlds
¼1½ jkT; ljdkj }kjk bl fufeRr cuk, x,] }kjk fofufnZ"V fdlh vU; vf/kdkjh dks ,sls
fdUgha fu;eksa ds v/;/khu jgrs gq,] ftuds vUrjkyksa ij vkSj ,sls izk:i esa] tks fofgr
vUrxZr Qhl vkSj Mkd& eglwy ds lank; ls fd, tk,a] ml jftLVªkj }kjk j[ks x,
lEc) fu;e Hkh gS] dksbZ O;fDr& jftLVj dh tUe vkSj e`R;q dh izfof"V;ksa ds
ckjs esa ,d fooj.kh HkstsxkA
¼d½ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj dh fdlh
izfof"V dh jftLVªkj }kjk ryk”k djok ¼2½ eq[; jftLVªkj] jftLVªkjksa }kjk foojf.k;ksa
ldsxk( rFkk esa nh xbZ bfRryk dk ladyu djk,xk vkSj
o"kZ ds nkSjku jftLVªhd`r tUe vkSj e`R;q dh
¼[k½ ,sls jftLVj esa ls fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q ls laf[;dh; fjiksVZ ,sls vUrjkyksa ij vkSj ,sls
lEc) dksbZ m)j.k vfHkizkIr dj ldsxk izk:i esa] tks fofgr fd, tk,a] loZlk/kkj.k
dh tkudkjh ds fy, izdkf”kr djsxkA
ijUrq fdlh O;fDr dks fn;k x;k e`R;q
laca/kh dksbZ m)j.k] e`R;q dk jftLVj esa
izfo"V dkj.k izdV ugha djsxkA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 74

v/;k; 5 izdh.kZ mica/kksa esa ls fdlh dk ml jkT; esa fu"Ikknu


djus ds fy, vko”;d izrhr gksA
20- Hkkjr ls ckgj ukxfjdksa ds tUe
vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVªhdj.k ds ckjs esa fo'ks"k 23- 'kkfLr;ka
micU/k ¼1½ dksbZ O;fDr tks
¼1½ mu fu;eksa ds v/;/khu jgrs gq, tks dsUnzh; ¼d½ /kkjk 8 vkSj 9 ds fdUgha mica/kksa ds
ljdkj }kjk bl fufeRr cuk, tk,a] v/khu ,slh bfRryk] ftls nsuk mldk
egkjftLVªkj Hkkjr ds ukxfjdksa ds Hkkjr ls drZO; gS] nsus esa ;qfDr;qDr dkj.k ds
ckgj tUe vkSj e`R;q fo"k;d ,slh bfRryk fcuk vlQy jgsxk( vFkok
jftLVªhd`r djk,xk tks mls ukxfjdrk
vf/kfu;e 1955 ¼1955 dk 57½ ds v/khu ¼[k½ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds fdlh jftLVj esa fy[k
cuk, x, vkSj Hkkjrh; dkSafly dk;kZy;ksa tkus ds iz;kstu ls dksbZ ,slh bfRryk
esa ,sls ukxfjdksa ds jftLVªhdj.k laca/kh nsxk ;k fnyok,xk ftls og tkurk
fu;eksa ds v/khu izkIr gks vkSj izR;sd ,slk gS ;k fo”okl djrk gS fd og mu
jftLVªhdj.k Hkh bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu fof”kf"V;ksa esa ls fdlh ds ckjs esa feF;k
lE;d :i esa fd;k x;k le>k tk,xkA gS ftUgsa tkuuk vkSj ftudk jftLVhd`r
fd;k tkuk visf{kr gS( vFkok
¼2½ Hkkjr ls ckgj tUesa ,sls ckyd dh n”kk esa]
ftldh ckcr mi/kkjk ¼1½ esa ;Fkk micaf/kr ¼x½ /kkjk 11 }kjk visf{kr :i ls jftLVj
bfRryk izkIr u gqbZ gks] ;fn ckyd ds ekrk esa viuk uke] o.kZu vkSj fuokl& LFkku
firk Hkkjr eas clus dh n`f"V ls Hkkjr okil fy[kus ;k viuk vaxq"B fpUg yxkus ls
vk,a rks os ckyd ds Hkkjr igqpus dh rkjh[k bUdkj djsxk] og tqekZus ls] tks ipkl
ls lkB fnu ds Hkhrj fdlh Hkh le;] ckyd #i, rd dk gks ldsxk] n.Muh; gksxkA
dk tUe bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu mlh jhfr
ls jftLVhd`r djk ldsaxs ekuksa ckyd dk ¼2½ dksbZ jftLVªkj ;k mijftLVªkj tks viuh
tUe Hkkjr esa gqvk Fkk vkSj /kkjk 13 ds mica/k vf/kdkfjrk esa gksus okys fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q
,sls ckyd ds tUe dks iwoksZDr lkB fnu dh ds jftLVªhdj.k esa ;k /kkjk 19 dh mi/kkjk
dkykof/k ds volku ds i”pkr ykxw gksxsA ¼1½ }kjk visf{kr foojf.k;ka Hkstus esa mis{kk ;k
mlls bUdkj ;qfDr;qDr dkj.k ds fcuk djsxk
21- tUe ;k e`R;q ds lEcU/k esa bfRryk og tqekZus ls tks ipkl #i, rd dk gks
vfHkizkIr djus dh jftLVªkj dh 'kfDr ldsxk] n.Muh; gksxkA
jftLVªkj fdlh O;fDr ls] ;k rks ekSf[kd ;k
fyf[kr :i ls] ;g vis{kk dj ldsxk fd ftl ¼3½ dksbZ fpfdRlk O;olk;h] tks /kkjk 10 dh
ifj{ks= esa og O;fDr fuokl djrk gS mlesa gq, mi/kkjk ¼3½ ds v/khu izek.k i= nsus esa mis{kk
tUe ;k e`R;q laca/kh dksbZ bfRryk tks mls gS] og ;k mlls bUdkj djsxk vkSj dksbZ O;fDr tks
mls nsa vkSj og O;fDr ,slh vis{kk dk vuqikyu ,slk izek.k& i= ifjnRr djus esa mis{kk ;k
djus ds fy, vkc) gksxkA mlls bUdkj djsxk og tqekZus l]s tks ipkl
#i, rd dk gks ldsxk] n.Muh; gksxkA
22- funsZ'k nsus dh 'kfDr
dsUnzh; ljdkj fdlh jkT; ljdkj dks ,sls funs”k ¼4½ dksbZ O;fDr] tks bl vf/kfu;e ds fdlh
ns ldsxh tks bl vf/kfu;e ds ;k rn~/khu cuk, ,sls mica/k dk] ;qfDr;qDr dkj.k ds fcuk]
x, fdlh fu;e ;k fd, x, fdlh vkns”k ds mYya?ku djsxk] ftlds mYya?ku ds fy, bl
75 vuqyXud I

/kkjk esa fdlh “kkfLr dk mica/k ugha gS] og 27- 'kfDr;ksa dk izR;k;kstu
tqekZus ls] tks nl #i, rd dk gks ldsxk] jkT; ljdkj] “kkldh; jkti= esa vf/klwpuk
n.Muh; gksxkA }kjk] ;g funsZ”k ns ldsxh fd bl vf/kfu;e ;k
rn~/khu cuk, x, fu;eksa ds v/khu mlds }kjk
¼5½ n.M izfØ;k lafgrk 1898 ¼1898 dk 5½ esa iz;ksDrO; dksbZ “kfDr ¼tks /kkjk 30 ds v/khu
fdlh ckr ds gksrs gq, Hkh] bl /kkjk ds v/khu fu;e cukus dh “kfDr ls fHkUu gks½ ,slh “krksZa ds]
vijk/k dk fopkj.k eftLVªsV }kjk la{ksir% ;fn dksbZ gks] tks funsZ”k es fofufnZ"V dh tk,]
fd;k tk,xkA v/;/khu jgrs gq,] jkT; ljdkj ds v/khuLFk
,sls vf/kdkjh ;k izkf/kdkjh }kjk Hkh] tks funsZ”k esa
24- vijk/kksa ds iz'keu dh 'kfDr fofufnZ"V fd;k tk,] iz;ksDrR; gksaxhA
¼1½ ,slh “krksZa ds v/;/khu jgrs gq,] tks fofgr
dh tk, eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk] lk/kkj.k ;k 28- ln~HkkoiwoZd dh xbZ dkjZokbZ ds fy,
fo”ks"k vkns”k }kjk] bl fufeRr izkf/kd`r dksbZ ifj=k.k
vf/kdkjh bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu fdUgha ¼1½ bl vf/kfu;e ;k rn~/khu cuk, x, fdlh
nkf.Md dk;Zokfg;ksa ds lafLFkr fd, tkus fu;e ;k fd, x, fdlh vkns”k ds vuqlj.k
ds iwoZ ;k i”pkr~] fdlh O;fDr ls] ftlus esa ln~HkkoiwoZd dh xbZ ;k dh tkus ds fy,
bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu dksbZ vijk/k fd;k vk”kf;r fdlh ckr ds fy, dksbZ Hkh okn]
gks ;k ftl ij vijk/k djus dk ;qfDr;qDr vfHk;kstu ;k vU; fof/kd dk;Zokgh ljdkj
lansg gks] ml vijk/k ds iz”keu ds rkSj ij ds] egkjftLVªkj ds] fdlh jftLVªkj ds] ;k
ipkl #i, ls vuf/kd /kujkf”k izfrx`ghr fdlh vU; O;fDr ds] tks bl vf/kfu;e ds
dj ldsxkA v/khu fdlh “kfDr dk iz;ksx ;k fdlh drZO;
dk ikyu dj jgk gks] fo#) u gksxhA
¼2½ ,slh /kujkf”k ns nsus ij og O;fDr mUeksfpr
dj fn;k tk,xk vkSj ,sls vijk/k dh ckcr ¼2½ dksbZ Hkh okn ;k vU; fof/kd dk;Zokgh bl
mlds fo#) dksbZ vkxs dk;Zokgh ugha dh vf/kfu;e ;k rn~/khu cuk, x, fdlh fu;e ;k
tk;sxhA fd, x, fdlh vkns”k ds vuqlj.k esa ln~Hkkoiwod
Z
dh xbZ ;k dh tkus ds fy, vk”kf;r fdlh
25- vfHk;kstu ds fy, eatwjh ckr ls gq, ;k gksus ls laHkkO; fdlh uqdlku
bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu n.Muh; fdlh vijk/k ds fy, ljdkj ds fo#) ugha gksxhA
ds fy, dksbZ vfHk;kstu] eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk]
lk/kkj.k ;k fo”ks"k vkns”k }kjk] bl fufeRr 29- bl vf/kfu;e dk 1886 ds vf/kfu;e
izkf/kd`r vf/kdkjh }kjk gh lafLFkr fd;k tk,xk] la[;kad 6 ds vYihdj.k esa u gksuk
vU;Fkk ughaA bl vf/kfu;e dh fdlh ckr dk ;g vFkZ ugha
yxk;k tk,xk fd og tUe] e`R;q vkSj fookg
26- jftLVªkjksa vkSj mi&jftLVªkjksa dk yksd jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1886 ds mica/kksa ds
lsod le>k tkuk vYihdj.k esa gSA
lHkh jftLVªkj vkSj mi jftLVªkj] tc os bl
vf/kfu;e ;k rn~/khu cuk, x, fdlh fu;e ;k 30- fu;e cukus dh 'kfDr
fd, x, fdlh vkns”k ds mica/kksa ds vuqlj.k ¼1½ dsUnzh; ljdkj ds vuqeksnu ls jkT; ljdkj
esa dk;Z dj jgs gksa ;k dk;Z djrs rkRif;Zr gksa] bl vf/kfu;e ds iz;kstuksa dks dk;kZfUor
Hkkjrh; n.M lafgrk ¼1860 dk 45½ dh /kkjk 21 djus ds fy, fu;e] “kkldh; jkti= esa
ds vFkZ esa yksd lsod le>s tk,xsaA vf/klwpuk }kjk] cuk ldsxhA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 76

¼2½ fof”k"Vr% vkSj iwokZxkeh mica/k dh O;kidrk ¼V½ jftLVªkjksa }kjk j[ks tkus okys jftLVjksa
ij izfrdwy izHkko Mkys fcuk] ,sls fu;e vkSj vU; vfHkys[kksa dh vfHkj{kk] mudk
fuEufyf[kr ds fy, mica/k dj ldsaxs& is”k fd;k tkuk vkSj vUrj.k(

¼d½ bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu j[ks tkus ds ¼B½ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj esa xyfr;ksa
fy, visf{kr tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVjksa dks Bhd djuk vkSj mudh izfof"V;ksa dks
ds izk:i( jn~n djuk(

¼[k½ og dkykof/k ftlds Hkhrj rFkk og ¼M½ dksbZ vU; fo"k; tks fofgr fd;k tkuk
izk:i vkSj jhfr ftlesa jftLVªkj dks /kkjk gS ;k fd;k tk,(
8 ds v/khu bfRryk nh tkuh pkfg,(
[¼3½ bl
1
vf/kfu;e ds v/khu cuk;k x;k
¼x½ og dkykof/k ftlds Hkhrj vkSj og jhfr izR;sd fu;e] cuk, tkus ds i”pkr~ ;Fkk
ftlls /kkjk 10 dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds v/khu “kh?kz] jkT; fo/kku&eaMy ds le{k j[kk
tUe vkSj e`R;q dh lwpuk nh tk,xh( tk,xkA]

¼?k½ og O;fDr ftlls vkSj og izk:i ftlesa 31- fujlu vkSj O;ko`fRr
e`R;q ds dkj.k dk izek.k&i= vfHkizkIr ¼1½ /kkjk 29 ds micU/kksa ds v/;/khu jgrs gq,
fd;k tk,xk( ;g gS fd fdlh jkT; ;k mlds Hkkx esa
izo`Rr fof/k dk mruk va”k] ftrus dk lEcU/k
¼³½ os fof”kf"V;ka ftudk m)j.k /kkjk 12 bl vf/kfu;e ds vUrxZr fo"k;ksa ls gS] ml
ds v/khu fn;k tk ldsxk( jkT; ;k Hkkx esa bl vf/kfu;e ds izo`Rr gksus
ds le; ls] ;FkkfLFkfr] ml jkT; ;k Hkkx esa
¼p½ og izkf/kdkjh tks /kkjk 13 dh fujflr gks tk;xkA
mi/kkjk ¼2½ ds v/khu tUe ;k e`R;q ds
jftLVªhdj.k dh vuqKk ns ldsxk( ¼2½ ,sls fujlu ds gksrs gq, Hkh] ,slh fdlh fof/k ds
v/khu dh xbZ dksbZ ckr ;k dkjZokbZ ¼ftlds
¼N½ /kkjk 13 ds v/khu fd, x, jftLVªhdj.k vUrxZr] fudkyk x;k dksbZ vuqn”s k ;k funs”k]
ds fy, lans; Qhlsa( cuk;k x;k dksbZ fofu;e ;k fu;e ;k fd;k
x;k dksbZ vkns”k Hkh gS½] tgka rd ,slh ckr ;k
¼t½ /kkjk 4 dh mi/kkjk ¼4½ ds v/khu dkjZokbZ bl vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa ls vlaxr
eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk fjiksVksZa dk izLrqr u gks] iwoksDZ r micU/kksa ds v/khu ,sls dh xbZ
fd;k tkuk( le>h tk,xh ekuks os ml le; izoR` r Fks tc
og ckr ;k dkjZokbZ dh xbZ Fkh vkSj rn~ul q kj
¼>½ tUe vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVjksa dh ryk”kh rc rd izor` cuh jgsxh tc rd og bl
vkSj ,slh ryk”kh ds fy, rFkk jftLVjksa vf/kfu;e ds v/khu dh xbZ fdlh ckr ;k
esa ls m)j.k fn, tkus ds fy, Qhlsa( dkjZokbZ }kjk vfrf"Br u dj nh tk,A

¼¥½ os izk:i ftuesa vkSj os vUrjky ftu 32- dfBukbZ nwj djus dh 'kfDr
ij foojf.k;ka vkSj lkaf[;dh; fjiksZV ;fn bl vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa dks fdlh jkT;
/kkjk 19 ds v/khu nh vkSj izdkf”kr esa izHkko”khy djus esa dksbZ dfBukbZ] muds fdlh
dh tk,xh( {ks= esa ykxw djus esa mn~Hkwr gksrh gS rks dsUnzh;
77 vuqyXud I

ljdkj ds vuqeksnu ls] vkns”k }kjk] jkT; ljdkj ds fdlh {ks= ds lEcU/k esa ml rkjh[k ls] tc
,sls micU/k dj ldsxh ;k ,sls funsZ”k ns ldsxh ;g vf/kfu;e ml {ks= esa izo`Rr gks] nks o"kZ ds
tks bl vf/kfu;e ds micU/kksa ls vlaxr u gksa volku ds i”pkr~ ugha fd;k tk,xkA
vkSj tks ml dfBukbZ dks nwj djus ds fy, jkT;
ljdkj dks vko”;d ;k lehphu izrhr gks% 1- 1986 ds vf/kfu;e la- 4 dh /kkjk 2 vkSj vuqlwph }kjk
ijUrq bl /kkjk ds v/khu dksbZ vkns”k fdlh jkT; ¼15&5&1986 ls½ var%LFkkfirA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 78

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vfèkfu;e]


1969 vfèkfu;e dk ykxw gksuk

1- ;g vfèkfu;e fuEufyf[kr {ks=ksa esa jkT;{ks=


1&4&1970 ls izo`Ùk gqvk( nsf[k, vfèklwpuk 1- p.Mhx<+ 3- fgekpy izns'k
la- lk/kkj.k dkuwuh fu;e 514] rkjh[k 2- nknjk vkSj ukxj gosyh 4- yDdk}ho] fefudks;
21&3&1970] Hkkjr dk jkti= ¼vaxzsth½] vkSj vehunhoh }hiA
vlk/kkj.k] Hkkx 2] vuqHkkx 3 ¼i½] i`"B 377%&
¼1½ fuEufyf[kr ds flok; lEiw.kZ vklke jkT; es& a izo`Ùk gqvk( nsf[k, vf/klwpuk la- lk/kkj.k dkuwuh
¼i½ la;qDr [kklh&t;rh;k igkM+h ftyk] fu;e 461] rkjh[k 7&3&1970] Hkkjr dk
fdUrq& jkti= ¼vaxzsth½] vlk/kkj.k] Hkkx 2] vuqHkkx 3
¼d½ f'kykax uxjikfydk esa lekfo"V ¼i½ i`"B 966%&
{ks=ksa dh lhekvksa dks NksM+dj(
¼[k½ f'kykax Nkouh esa lekfo"V 3- ;g vf/kfu;e laiw.kZ fnYyh la?k jkT;{ks= esa
{ks=ksa dh lhekvksa dks NksM+dj 1&7&1970 ls izo`Ùk gqvk( nsf[k, vf/klwpuk
¼ii½ laiw.kZ xkjks igkM+h ftyk( la- lk/kkj.k dkuwuh fu;e 973] rkjh[k
¼iii½ laiw.kZ la;qDr fefdj rFkk mÙkjh dNkj 26&6&1970] Hkkjr dk jkti= ¼vaxszth½]
igkM+h fty( vlk/kkj.k] Hkkx 2] vuqHkkx 3 ¼i½] i`"B 585A
¼iv½ laiw.kZ fetks igkM+h ftys(
4- ;g vfèkfu;e tEew&d'ehj jkT; esa
¼2½ fuEufyf[kr ds flok; lEiw.kZ if'peh caxky es& a 1&10&1970 ls fuEufyf[kr {ks=ksa esa izoÙ` k gqvk(
¼i½ dydÙkk fuxe esa lekfo"V {ks= dh nsf[k, vf/klwpuk la- lk/kkj.k dkuwuh fu;e 1718
lhekvksa dks NksM+dj( rkjh[k 22&9&1970] Hkkjr dk jkti= ¼vaxt sz h½]
¼ii½ gkoM+k uxj ikfydk esa lekfo"V {ks= dh vlk/kkj.k] Hkkx 2] vuqHkkx 3 ¼i½] i`"B 727%&
lhekvksa dks NksM+dj(
¼iii½ QksVZ fofy;e( vkSj ¼1½ mèkeiqj ftys esa jkeuxj iqfyl LVs'ku dh
¼iv½ cSjdiqj] ysoksx a vkSj tyigkM+ Nkofu;ksa esa vf/kdkfjrk esa lekfo"V {ks=A
lekfo"V {ks= dh lhekvksa dks NksMd + jA
¼2½ ckjkewyk ftys esa dwiokM+k iqfyl LVs'ku dh
2- ;g vf/kfu;e fuEufyf[kr jkT;ksa vkSj la?k vf/kdkfjrk esa lekfo"V {ks=A
jkT;{ks=ksa ds lEiw.kZ Hkkx esa 1&4&1970 ls
¼3½ tEew vkSj Jhuxj uxjikfydk esa lekfo"V
jkT; {ks=ksa dh lhekvksa esaA
1- vkaèkz izns'k 8- eSlwj
2- fcgkj 9- mM+hlk ¼4½ vuarukx] dFkqvk vkSj ysg dh 'kgjh {ks=
3- xqtjkr 10- iatkc lfefr;ksa esa lekfo"V {ks= dh lhekvksa esaA
4- gfj;k.kk 11- jktLFkku
5- dsjy 12- rfeyukMq 5- bl vf/kfu;e dk foLrkj 13&9&76 ls
6- e/; izns'k 13- mÙkj izns'k flfDde jkT; ij fd;k x;kA nsf[k, vf/klwpuk
7- egkjk"V la- dkuwuh vkns'k 3465] rkjh[k 21&9&76A
79 vuqyXud II

vuqyXud tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVª's ku dh


II
vkn'kZ fu;ekoyh 1999

tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 4-/kkjk 4¼4½ ds v/khu fjiksVZ dk izLrqr
¼18] 1969½ dh /kkjk 30 }kjk iznŸk 'kfDr;ksa dk fd;k tkuk
iz;ksx djrs gq, ---------- jkT; ljdkj@jkT;iky@ /kkjk 4 dh mi/kkjk ¼4½ ds v/khu fjiksVZ fu/kkZfjr
iz”kkld dsaæ ljdkj ds vuqeksnu ls fuEufyf[kr izi= esa rS;kj dh tk;sxh vkSj /kkjk 19 dh
fu;ekoyh cukrh@cukrs gS ;Fkk% mi/kkjk ¼2½ esa fufnZ"V lkaf[;dh; fjiksVZ ds lkFk
izfro"kZ eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk ml o"kZ ds] ftlls
1- laf{kIr uke foLrkj rFkk izkjEHk fjiksVZ lEcfU/kr gks] vuqorhZ o"kZ dh 31 tqykbZ
¼1½ ;g fu;ekoyh tUe&e`R;q iathdj.k rd jkT; ljdkj dks izLrqr dh tk,xhA
fu;ekoyh 200----- dgyk;sxhA
¼2½ bl fu;ekoyh dk foLrkj lEiw.kZ jkT; esa 5- izi= bR;kfn ftlesa tUe&e`R;q dh
fu;ekoyh ds xtV esa izdkf”kr gksus ds lwpuk;sa nh tk;sxh
fnukad ls gksxkA ¼1½ lwpuk;sa tks jftLVªkj dks /kkjk 8 ;k /kkjk 9 esa nh
¼3½ ;g fu;ekoyh ----------------------- tUe e`R;q tkuh gksxh dks Øe”k% izi= 1] 2] 3 esa tUe] e`R;q
jftLVªhdj.k fu;ekoyh] xtV vf/klwpuk la- ,oe~ e`r tUe ls lEcfU/kr gksxh] ,rn~ i”pkr~
-------] fnukWad---------------- vkSj mlesa le;&le; lkewfgd :i ls lwpuk dgyk;sxhA lwpuk
ij ckn esa fd, x, la”kks/ku dks izfrLFkfir ;fn ekSf[kd gks] rks fucU/kd }kjk mldh mfpr
djsxhA lwpuk izi= ij vafdr dj lwpuk nsus okys ds
gLrk{kj ;k vaxBw s dk fu”kku fy;k tk;sxkA
2- ifjHkk"kk;sa
bl fu;ekoyh esa] tc rd fd lanHkZ ls vU;Fkk ¼2½ lwpuk izi= ds os Hkkx ftuesa fof/k
visf{kr u gks& lEcU/kh lwpuk gksxh dks ^^fof/kd Hkkx** ,oe~
¼d½ ^^vf/kfu;e** dk rkRi;Z tUe vkSj e`R;q os Hkkx ftlesa lkaf[;dh; lwpuk gksxh dks
iathdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 ls gksxkA ^^lkaf[;dh; Hkkx** dgk tk;sxkA

¼[k½ ^^izi=** dk rkRi;Z bl fu;ekoyh ls ¼3½ lwpuk tks mifu;e ¼1½ }kjk tUe] e`R;q]
layXu izi= ls gksxk rFkk e`r&tUe ds lanHkZ esa okafNr gS ?kVuk ds
21 fnu ds vUnj nh tkuh gksxhA
¼x½ ^^/kkjk** dk rkRi;Z vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk
ls gksxkA 6- fdlh okgu esa tUe vFkok e`R;q dh lwpuk
¼1½ fdlh lpy okgu esa tUe vFkok e`R;q gksus
3- xHkkZof/k dky ds lEcU/k esa xkM+h izHkkjh O;fDr :dus ds
/kkjk 2 ds mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds [k.M ¼?k½ ds iz;kstuksa izFke LFkku ij /kkjk 8 dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds
ds fy;s xHkkZof/k vV~Bkbl lIrkg gksxhA v/khu lwpuk nsxk vFkok fnyok,xkA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 80

Li"Vhdj.k% bl fu;e ds iz;kstukFkZ lpy ¼3½ /kkjk 8 ds mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds [k.M ¼d½ ds
xkM+h dk rkRi;Z Fky] uHk vFkok ty esa vUrxZr vFkok jkT; ljdkj }kjk mi/kkjk
iz;qDr fdlh Hkh izdkj dh lokjh ls gS rFkk ¼2½ }kjk fufnZ"V fd;s O;fDr ftuds }kjk
blds vUrxZr ok;q;ku] jsyxkM+h] eksVjdkj] x`g lEcU/kh] fuoklh; tUe] e`R;q dh lwpuk
eksVj lkbfdy] rkaxk] fjD”kk Hkh gSaA nh xbZ gks dk nkf;Ro gksxk fd og jftLVªkj
}kjk izek.k&i= fuxZr fd;s tkus ds rhl ¼30½
¼2½ ,slh e`R;q dh n”kk esa tks /kkjk 8 dh mi/kkjk fnu ds Hkhrj lEcfU/kr ifjokj ds eqf[k;k ;k
¼1½ ds [k.M ¼d½ ls ¼M+½ rd ds vUrxZr ugha utnhdh fj”rsnkj dks miyC/k djk;sxkA
vkrh gS] ftlesa e`R;q dh leh{kk dh tk;]
e`R;q leh{kk djus okyk vf/kdkjh /kkjk 8 ¼4½ /kkjk 8 ds mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds [k.M ¼[k½ ls ¼M+½
dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds v/khu lwpuk nsxk vFkok rd laLFkkvksa esa gq;s tUe] e`R;q tks muds
lwpuk fnyok;sxkA }kjk iathd`r djk;s tkrs gS dh lwpuk
uotkr o e`rd O;fDr ds fj”rsnkj }kjk
7- /kkjk 10¼3½ ds v/khu izek.k dk izi= laLFkk ds eqf[k;k ls ?kVuk ds rhl ¼30½
/kkjk 10 dh mi/kkjk ¼3½ ds vis{kkuqlkj e`R;q ds fnu ds vUnj ml iathdj.k dk m)j.k
dkj.k dk izek.k&i= izi= la[;k&4 vFkok 4, esa izek.k&i= izkIr dj ldrk gSA
tkjh fd;k tk;sxk] jftLVªkj vko”;d iaftdk esa
izfof"V;ka djus ds mijkUr mu lHkh izek.k&i=ksa ¼5½ ;fn tUe] e`R;q ds C;kSjs ds m)j.k dk
dks eq[; fucU/kd vFkok mlds }kjk fufnZ"V izek.k&i= le; lhek tSlk mi fu;e ¼2½
vf/kdkjh dks ftl ekg ls izek.k&i= lEcfU/kr ls ¼4½ }kjk okafNr gS lEcfU/kr O;fDr }kjk
gks] Bhd vuqorhZ ekl ds nlos fnukad rd izkIr ugha dj fy;k tkrk rks fucU/kd] vFkok
vxzlkfjr dj nsxkA fufnZ"V vf/kdkjh vFkok laLFkkdrkZ eqf[k;k
tSlk mifu;e ¼4½ }kjk of.kZr gS rks Hkh
8- /kkjk 12 ds v/khu iathdj.k dh izfof"V;ksa iz;ksT; gks mijksDr le; lhek [kRe gksus ds
ds m)j.k dk fn;k tkuk 15 fnu ds Hkhrj Mkd }kjk lEcfU/kr ifjokj
¼1½ /kkjk 12 ds v/khu lwpuk nsus okys izfof"V;ksa dks HkstsxkA
dk C;kSjk O;fDr;ksa ds tUe vFkok e`R;q ls
lEcfU/kr jftLVj ls nh tkus okyh izfof"V;ksa 9-foyfEcr iathdj.k ds fy;s izkf/kdkjh vkSj
ds C;kSjs dk mn~/kj.k ;Fkk fLFkfr izi= mlds fy;s ns; Qhl
la[;k 5 vFkok izi= la[;k&6 esa tSlk gks ¼1½ tUe] e`R;q lEcU/kh tks lwpuk fucU/kd dks
nh tk;sxhA fu;e&5 }kjk fu/kkZfjr le; lhek ds ckn
ijUrq ?kVuk ds rhl fnu ds Hkhrj nh gks rks
¼2½ fuokl o x`g lEcU/kh tUe] e`R;q dh :0 2@& ¼nks :i;s ek=½ foyEc “kqYd tek
lwpuk /kkjk 8 dh mi/kkjk ¼1½ ds vUrxZr fd;s tkus ds mijkUr gksxkA
lh/ks tUe] e`R;q jftLVªkj dks ?kj ds eqf[k;k
;k laLFkku ds eqf[k;k o mldh vuqifLFkfr ¼2½ ,sls fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q dh lwpuk jftLVªkj
esa utnhdh fj”rsnkj ;k lcls cM+s o;Ld dks] mlds gksus ds 30 ¼rhl½ fnuksa ds i”pkr~
}kjk nh tk;sxh o utnhdh fj”rsnkj o ?kj ijarq ,d o’kZ ds Hkhrj nh tkrh gS] rks mldk
ds eqf[k;k }kjk rhl ¼30½ fnu ds vUnj jftLVªhdj.k bl fufeÙk fofgr vf/kdkjh dh
fucU/kd ls tUe vFkok e`R;q ds C;kSjs dk fyf[kr vuqKk ls vkSj 5@& :i, ¼ikap :i,½
mn~/kj.k izkIr djsxkA foyEc Qhl ds Hkqxrkj ij fd;k tk,xkA
81 vuqyXud II

¼3½ ;fn fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q dk] mlds gksus ds ¼2½ ;FkkfLFkfr] ekrk&firk ;k vfHkHkkod] /kkjk 12
,d o’kZ ds Hkhrj] jftLVªhdj.k ugha gksrk ds v/khu mls fn, x, m)j.k dh izfr ;k
gS rks mldk jftLVªhdj.k izFke Js.kh ds /kkjk&17 ds v/khu mls fn;k x;k izekf.kr
eftLVªsV vFkok izslhMsUlh eftLVªsV ds vkns”k m)j.k jftLVªkj ds le{k izLrqr djsxk vkSj
ij vkSj 10@& :i; ¼:i,½ foyEc Qhl ds bl izdkj izLrqr fd, tkus ij jftLVªkj
Hkqxrku ij fd;k tk,xkA f”k”kq ds uke ls lacaf/kr vko”;d i`’Bkadu
djsxk ;k mi&fu;e ¼1½ ds ijarqd ds [kaM
10- /kkjk&14 ds iz;kstukFkZ vof/k ¼[k½ esa vf/kdfFkr :Ik ls dkjZokbZ djsxkA
¼1½ tgka fdlh f”k”kq ds tUe dk jftLVª”s ku fcuk
uke ds fd;k x;k gks ogk¡ ,sls f”k”kq ds ekrk 11-tUe&e`R;q iaftdk esa fdlh izfof"V dks
firk ;k laj{kd jftLVªkj dks f”k”kq ds uke ds dkVuk ,oe 'kq) djuk
lac/a k esa ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr lwpuk f”k”kq ds ¼1½ ;fn jftLVªkj dks ;g izfrosnu fn;k tkrk
tUe ds jftLVªhdj.k dh rkjh[k ls 12 ekg ds gS fd jftLVj esa dksbZ fyfidh; ;k izk:fid
Hkhrj nsxkA ijarq ,slh dksbZ lwpuk 12 ekg dh xyrh gks xbZ gks ;k ;fn ,slh fdlh xyrh
vof/k ds i”pkr~ fdarq 15 o’kZ ds Hkhrj nh tkrh dk mls vU;Fkk irk yxrk gks vkSj ;fn
gS rks mldh x.kuk fuEu:Ik esa dh tk,xh% jftLVj mlds dCts esa gks rks jftLVªkj
¼1½ tgka jftLVªhdj.k tUe vkSj e`R;q bl fo’k; esa tkap djsxk vkSj ;fn mldk
jftLVªhdj.k ¼la”kks/ku½ fu;ekoyh] ------ lek/kku gks tk, fd ,slh dksbZ xyrh gks xbZ
---------------ds ykxw gksus dh rkjh[k ls iwoZ gS rks og /kkjk&15 esa fd, x, mica/k ds
fd;k x;k gks] ogka fu;e ds izkjaHk dh vuqlkj ¼ml izfof’V dks “kq+) ;k jÌ djds½
rkjh[k ls ;k xyrh dks Bhd djsxkk vkSj ,slh izfof’V dk
¼2½ tgka jftLVªhdj.k tUe vkSj e`R;q ,d m)j.k jkT; ljdkj ;k mlds }kjk bl
jftLVªhdj.k ¼la”kks/ku½ fu;ekoyh] -------- fufeÙk fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh dks Hkst nsxkA
---ds ykxw gksus dh rkjh[k ds ckn fd;k
x;k gks] ogka jftLVªhdj.k dh rkjh[k ¼2½ mi&fu;e&1 esa funsZf”kr ekeys esa] ;fn
ls] c'krsZ fd /kkjk&23 ds mi/kkjk ¼4½ ds jftLVj] jftLVªkj ds dCts esa ugha gks rks]
mica/kksa ds v/;/khu jftLVªkj& og jkT; ljdkj dks ;k blds }kjk bl
fufeÙk fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh dks fjiksVZ djds
¼d½ ;fn jftLVj muds dCts esa gks rks 5@& lqlaxr jftLVj eaxk,xk rFkk bl fo’k; esa
¼ikap :i,½ foyEc Qhl ds Hkqxrku ij tkap djus ds Ik”pkr~ ;fn mldk lek/kku gks
lacaf/kr tUe&jftLVj ds lac) QkeZ ds tkrk gS fd ,slh dksbZ xyrh gqbZ gS rks og
lqlaxr LrEHk esa uke ntZ djsxkA vko”;d lq/kkj dj nsxkA

¼[k½ ;fn jftLVj muds dCts esa ugha gks vkSj ¼3½ jftLVªkj ls jftLVj izkIr gksus ij] mi fu;e
;fn lwpuk ekSf[kd :Ik esa nh xbZ gks rks ¼2½ esa mfYyf[kr :Ik esa Bhd dh xbZ =qfV
vko”;d fof”kf’V;ka nsrs gq, ,d fjikVZ ij] jkT; ljdkj ;k bl fufeÙk mlds }kjk
nsxk vkSj ;fn lwpuk fyf[kr :i esa nh fofufnZ’V inkfd/kdkjh }kjk izfrgLrk{kfjr
xbZ gks rks mls 5@& ¼ikap :i,½ foyEc dh tk,xhA
Qhl ds Hkqxrku ij vko”;d izfof’V djus
ds fy, jkT; ljdkj }kjk bl fufeÙk ¼4½ ;fn dksbZ O;fDr Lohdkj djrk gS fd tUe
fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh dks vxzfs ’kr dj nsxkA vkSj e`R;q ds jftLVj esa dksbZ izfof’V lkjr%
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 82

=qfViw.kZ gS rks jftLVªkj ml O;fDr }kjk ,slh :i,


dksbZ ?kks’k.kk izLrqr fd, tkus ij] ftlesa
xyrh ds Lo:Ik vkSj ekeys ds lgh rF;ksa dks ¼d½ fdlh ,d izfof’V dh [kkst ds fy, 2-00
nf”kZr fd;k x;k gS vkSj tks ,sls fo”oluh; fd, tkus okys izFke o’kZ ds fy,
O;fDr;ksa }kjk dh xbZ gS] ftUgsa rF;ksa dk ;k ¼[k½ [kkst fd, tkus okys izR;sd 2-00
ekeys dk Kku gS] /kkjk&15 ds v/khu fofgr vfrfjDr o’kZ ds fy,
jhfr esa izfof’V dks Bhd dj ldsxkA ¼x½ izR;sd tUe ;k e`R;q ls lacaf/kr 5-00
m)j.k nsus ds fy,
¼5½ mi fu;e ¼1½ vkSj mi fu;e ¼4½ esa
fdlh ckr ds gksrs gq, Hkh jftLVªkj] mlesa ¼?k½ tUe vFkok e`R;q dk vuqiyC/krk 2-00
fufnZ’V izdkj ds fd, x, fdlh lq/kkj dh izek.k&i= nsus ds fy,
vko”;d fooj.k lfgr ,d izfrosnu jkT;
ljdkj ;k bl fufeÙk fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh ¼2½ fdlh tUe ;k e`R;q ds laca/k esa ,slk dksbZ
dks nsxkA m)j.k jftLVªkj ;k jkT; ljdkjh }kjk bl
fufeÙk izkf/kd`r inkf/kdkjh }kjk] ;FkkfLFkr
¼6½ ;fn jftLVªkj ds lek/kkuizn :Ik esa ;g QkeZ la[;k&5 ;k QkeZ la[;k&6 eas fuxZr
lkfcr gks tkrk gS fd tUe vkSj e`R;q fd;k tk,sxk vkSj Hkkjrh; lk{; vf/kfu;e
jftLVj esa dksbZ izfof’V diViwoZd ;k vuqfpr 1872 ¼1872 dk 1½ dh /kkjk&76 esa mifcU/kr
:Ik ls dh xbZ gS] rks og eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk jhfr ls izekf.kr fd;k tk,xkA
/kkjk&25 ds v/khu bl fufeÙk lkekU; ;k
fo”ks’k vkns”k }kjk izkf/kd`r inkf/kdkjh dks ¼3½ ;fn tUe vFkok e`R;q dh dksbZ fof”k’V ?kVuk
vko”;d fooj.k nsrs gq, ,d izfrosnu nsxk jftLVªhd`r ugha ik;h tk,] rks jftLVªkj
vkSj mldh lquokbZ ds le; bl ekeys esa QkeZ la[;k&10 esa vuqiyC/krk&izek.k&i=
vko”;d dkjZokbZ djsxkA tkjh djsxkA

¼7½ ,sls izR;sd ekeys esa ftlesa bl fu;e ds ¼4½ ,slk dksbZ m)j.k vFkok vuqiyC/krk&izek.k
v/khu fdlh izfof’V dk lq/kkj ;k mls jÌ &i= mldh ekax djus okys O;fDr dks fn;k
fd;k x;k gks] rks mldh lwpuk ml O;fDr tk ldsxk ;k fufeÙk Mkd&[kpZ ds Hkqxrku
ds] ftlus /kkjk&8 ;k /kkjk&9 ds v/khu fd, tkus ij Mkd }kjk Hkstk tk ldsxkA
lwpuk nh gS] LFkk;h irs ij Hkst nh tk,xhA
14- /kkjk 19 ¼1½ ds v/khu vUrjky vkSj
12- /kkjk 16 ds vUrxZr iaftdk dk izk:i dkfyd foojf.k;ksa ds izi=
jftLVªs”ku ds Ik”pkr~ 1] 2 ,oa 3 ds fof/kd ¼1½ izR;sd jftLVªkj jftLVªhdj.k dh izfØ;k
Hkkx ls tUe iaftdk] e`R;q iaftdk ,oa e`r tUe dks iw.kZ ds Ik”pkr~ izR;sd ekg ls lacaf/kr
iaftdk ds Øe”k% izk:Ik la[;k&7] 8] o 9 cusxsaA izfrosfnr djus okys QkeZ ds lHkh lkaf[;dh;
Hkkxksa dks laf{kIr ekfld lkjka”k izfrosnu
13-/kkjk 17 ds v/khu lans; Qhl vkSj ds lkFk QkeZ la[;k&11 esa tUe ds fy,]
Mkd O;; QkeZ la[;k&12 esa e`R;q ds fy, vkSj QkeZ
¼1½ /kkjk&17 ds v/khu dh tkusokyh [kkst] la[;k&13 esa e`r&tUe ds fy, eq[;
tkjh fd, tkus okys m)j.k vFkok jftLVªkj ;k muds }kjk fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh
vuqiyC/krk&izek.k&i= ds fy, lans; dks vkxkeh ekg dh 5 ¼ikap½ rkjh[k dks ;k
Qhl fuEufyf[kr gksxh%& mlds iwoZ HkstsxkA
83 vuqyXud II

¼2½ bl izdkj fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh] izkIr gq, rd dh ,slh jkf”k ds Hkqxrku ij] tks mDr
,sls lHkh izfrosnu QkeksZa ds lkaf[;dh; Hkkxksa inkf/kdkjh mfpr le>s] fd;k tk ldsxkA
dks ml ekg dh 10 ¼nl½ rkjh[k rd eq[;
jftLVªkj dks vxzsf’kr dj nsxkA 17-/kkjk 30 ¼2½ ¼V½ ds v/khu iaftdk rFkk
vU; vfHkys[k
15- /kkjk 19 ¼2½ ds v/khu lkaf[;dh; fjiksVZ ¼1½ tUe&jftLVj] e`R;q jftLVj vkSj
/kkjk&19 dh mi&/kkjk & ¼2½ ds v/khu e`r&tUe&jftLVj] LFkk;h egRo ds vfHkys[k
lkaf[;dh; izfrosnu bu fu;eksa ls mikc) fofgr gksaxs vkSj os u’V ugha fd, tk,axsA
QkesZVksa esa lkjf.k;ka lfEefyr gksaxh vkSj mldk
ladyu lacaf/kr o’kZ ds Bhd Ik”pkrorhZ o’kZ dh ¼2½ vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk&13 ds v/khu jftLVªkj
31 tqykbZ ls iwoZ dj fy;k tk,xk rFkk mldk }kjk izkIr foyfEcr jftLVªhdj.k dh vuqefr
izdk”ku mlds Ik”pkr~] ;Fkk”kh?kz] fdarq fdlh nsus ls lacaf/kr U;k;ky; ds vkns”k rFkk
Hkh n”kk esa mDr rkjh[k ls ikap ekg ds Hkhrj fofufnZ’V izkf/kdkjh ds vkns”k tUe&jftLVj]
fd;k tk,xkA e`R;q jftLVj vkSj e`r tUe jftLVj
ds vfHkUUk vax gksaxs rFkk os u’V ugha
16- vijk/kksa ds iz'keu dh 'krsZa fd, tk,axsA
¼1½ /kkjk&23 ds v/khu n.Muh; fdlh vijk/k
dk iz”keu] eq[; jftLVªkj }kjk bl fufeÙk ¼3½ /kkjk&10 dh mi/kkjk ¼3½ ds v/khu e`R;q ds
lkekU; ;k fo”ks’k vkns”k }kjk izkf/kd`r dkj.k ds laca/k es fn;k x;k izek.k&i= eq[;
inkf/kdkjh] bl vf/kfu;e ds v/khu jftLVªkj ;k bl fufer mlds }kjk fofufnZ’V
vijkf/kd dk;Zokfg;ksa ds “kq: fd, tkus ls inkf/kdkjh }kjk de ls de ikap o’kZ rd
iwoZ ;k Ik”pkr~ dj ldsxk ;fn bl izdkj j[kk tk,xkA
izkf/kd`r inkf/kdkjh dk ;g lek/kku gks tk,
fd vijk/k ¼vuo/kkurko”k½ vUos{kko”k ;k ¼4½ izR;sd tUe&jftLVj] e`R;q&jftLVj vkSj
izFke ckj fd;k x;k gSA e`r&tUe&jftLVj] jftLVªkj }kjk] ftl
dSysUMj o’kZ ls og lacaf/kr gks mldh lekfIr
¼2½ ,sls fdlh vijk/k dk iz”keu] /kkjk&23 dh ds Ik”pkr~ ckjg ekg dh dkykof/k rd
mi/kkjk ¼1½] ¼2½ vkSj ¼3½ ds v/khu vijk/kksa vius dk;kZy; esa j[kk tk,xk] rRi”pkr~
ds fy, vf/kd ls vf/kd 50@&:i, ¼ipkl ,slk jftLVj lqjf{kr vfHkj{kk ds fy, jkT;
:i,½ vkSj mi/kkjk ¼4½ ds v/khu vijk/kksa ds ljdkj }kjk bl fufeÙk fofufnZ’V inkf/kdkjh
fy, vf/kd ls vf/kd 10@&:i, ¼nl :i,½ dks varfjr dj fn;k tk,xkA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 84

vuqyXud III tUe&e`R;q ,oa e`r&tUe fjiksVZ


izi= Hkjus lEcU/kh vuqn's k

izR;sd fjiksfVZax izi= ;Fkk tUe fjiksVZ izi= ¡ QkeZ Hkjus gsrq dsoy dkyh ;k uhyh L;kgh dk
¼izi= ua0 1½ e`R;q fjiksVZ izi= ¼izi= ua0 2½ ,oa iz;ksx djsaA
e`r&tUe fjiksVZ izi= ¼izi= ua0 3½ ds nks Hkkx
gSa] fof/kd Hkkx essa tks lwpuk,a lfEefyr dh x;h
gSa mudk fof/kd mn~ns”;ksa ds fy;s mi;ksx fd;k tUe lwpuk ¼izi= la[;k 1½ Hkjus ds fy;s
tk;sxk rFkk lkaf[;dh Hkkx esa lfEefyr lwpukvksa vuqns'k
dk lkaf[;dh; fo”ys"k.k esa mi;ksx fd;k tk;sxkA
dqN lkaf[;dh en esa MkVk ,aVªh dh lqfo/kk ds QkeZ la[;k ,d ds izR;sd en dks Hkjus dss
fy, iwoZ esa gh dksM vafdr fd, x, gSaA tgka rd fy;s vkSj muds egRo ds lEcU/k esa vuqns”k
laHko gS enksa dks Hkjus ds fy, vuqns”k QkeZ esa fuEufyf[kr gSa%&
lqfo/kk ds fy, miyC/k gSA

lkekU; vuqns'k ¼v½ fof/kd Hkkx


lwpuk izi= Hkjrs le;, Hkjus okys O;fDr dks
fuEu fcUnq /;ku esa j[kus gksaxs& 1- tUe dh frfFk
cPps ds tUe dk lgh fnu] eghuk vkSj o"kZ Hkjsa]
¡ QkeZ] fo”ks"kr% mudk fof/kd Hkkx lkQ&lkQ ;Fkk& 1-1-2000
vkSj Li"V rFkk fcuk dkaV&Nk¡V fd;s Hkjs
tk;saA bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd QkeZ dk fof/kd ;g en QkeZ esa uke fn, gq, O;fDr dh tUe
Hkkx iathdj.k izfØ;k iwjh gksus ds i”pkr~ rkjh[k dk mYys[k djrk gSA tks O;fDr ds thou
iaftdk dk ,d Hkkx cu tk;sxk] tks LFkk;h dh fofHkUu voLFkkvksa esa mldh vk;q fu/kkZfjr
:i ls lajf{kr fd;k tkus okyk oS/kkfud djus ds dke vkrh gSA ;g ?kVuk ds ?kfVr gksus
nLrkost gSA ds o"kZ dks rkfydkc) djus ds Hkh dke vkrh gSA
iathdj.k dh frfFk dh lwpuk ds lkFk feykus ij
¡ bl ckr dks lqfuf”pr djsa fd QkeZ ds fof/kd ;g iathdj.k esa le; vUrjky ds v/;;u ds
Hkkx esa dh xbZ izfof"V;k¡] lkaf[;dh; Hkkx esa u fy;s Hkh mi;ksxh gSA
pyh tk;s D;ksafd ,slk gksus ls tc lkaf[;dh;
Hkkx dks vyx djds vkxs Hkstk tk;sxk rc 2- fyax
viwj.kh; gkfu gks tk;sxhA iq:"k ;k L=h HkjsaA laf{kIr :i iz;ksx u djsaA ;g
en cPps dh igpku esa lgk;rk djrk gSA
¡ bl ckr dks lqfuf”pr djsa fd lwpuknkrk dk
uke] irk rFkk gLrk{kj vFkok fu”kkuh v¡xwBk ;g fofHkUu MseksxzfQd] tula[;k ,oa LokLF;
lwpuk izi= ds fof/kd Hkkx ij vafdr gSA lEcU/kh fof”k"Vrkvksa esa fyax Hksnksa dks ekius
85 vuqyXud III

esa rFkk tula[;k vkadyuksa ,oa vuqeku esa 7- ekrk@firk ds LFkk;h fuokl dk irk%
mi;ksxh gSA ekrk firk lkekU;r% ftl LFkku ij jgrs gSa ml
LFkku dk iwjk irk] ftl ij Mkd izkIr gksrh gks]
3- cPps dk uke] ;fn gks% fy[kuk pkfg,A
;fn uke j[kk tk pqdk gks rks cPps dk iwjk
uke Hkjsa ;fn dksbZ mi uke gks rks og Hkh uke 8- tUe LFkku%
esa “kkfey fd;k tkuk pkfg,A mi uke yxkus 1- vLirky@laLFkk Ukke
dh izFkk fHkUu&fHkUu gksrh gS vkSj og lwpuknkrk 2- edku irk
dh bPNkuqlkj Hkjh tkuh pkfg,a ;fn cPps dk ;fn tUe fdlh vLirky ;k laLFkk esa gqvk gks
ukedj.k ugha gqvk gS rks en dks [kkyh NksM+ rks izfof"V ,d ds lkeus lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg yxk,a
nsaA f”k”kq yM+dh ;k yM+dk u HkjsaA ;g en ml rFkk fn;s gq, LFkku esa vLirky@laLFkk dk uke
O;fDr dh igpku djrk gS fd ftldk uke HkjsaA ;fn tUe fdlh edku esa gqvk gks rks izfof"V
iathd`r gqvk gSA 2 ij lgh ¼√½ dk fu”kku yxk,a vksj edku dk
iwjk Mkd&irk fn;s gq, LFkku esa HkjsaA ;g en
4- firk dk uke% ?kjsyw tUe o laLFkk esa tUe dh igpku djkus
firk dk iwjk uke tSlk izk;% fy[kk tkrk gS] HkjsAa esa lgk;d gS rFkk Hkfo"; ds vuqla/kkuksa vkSj
mi uke gks rks og Hkh “kkfey djsAa firk o cPps tkudkjh esa lqfo/kk iznku djrk gSA
dk dqyuke izk;% ogh gksrk gS tc og vyx gks]
rks ;g lqfuf”pr djsa fd dksbZ xyrh rks ugha gqbZ 9- lwpuknkrk dk uke o irk:
gSA bl lwpuk dk ekrk&firk ds lkFk iqujkoyksdu lwpuk nsus okys dk iwjk uke] miuke lfgr] ;fn
djsAa laf{kIr uke dk iz;ksx u djsAa ;fn ;g dksbZ gks] HkjsaA mldk iwjk Mkd&irk Hkh HkjsaA
tkudjh feys fd cPpk voS/k gS rks firk ds :i
esa fdlh Hkh O;fDr dk uke ugha Hkjuk pkfg, tc bl en esa nh x;h lwpuk vuqla/kku ¼[kkst½ esa
rd fd ek¡ vkSj Lo;a dks firk ekuus okys O;fDr lqfo/kk iznku djrh gS rFkk Hkfo"; esa tkudkjh
la;Dq r :i ls ,slh izkFkZuk uk djsAa bl en dk ds fy;s egRoiw.kZ gSA
mi;ksx igpku ds fy;s rFkk ekrk&firk ds lEcU/k
esa nLrkosth lk{; ds :i esa gksrk gSA
¼c½ lkaf[;dh; Hkkx
5- ekrk dk uke%
ekrk dk iwjk uke tSlk izk;% fy[kk tkrk gS oSlk 10- ekrk ds fuokl dk LFkku&
HkjsaA ;fn dksbZ mi uke gks rks og Hkh “kkfey ¼d½ uxj@xzke dk uke
djsaA laf{kIr ;k ?kjsyw ukeksa dk iz;ksx u djsaA ¼[k½ og uxj gS ;k xzke
bl en dk mi;ksx ekrk&firk ds nLrkosth ¼1½ uxj ¼2½ xzke
lk{; ds :i ,oa igpku ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA ¼x½ ftys dk uke
¼?k½ jkT; dk uke
6- cPps ds tUe ds le; ekrk&firk dk irk%
og irk vafdr djsa tgka fd ekrk izlwfr ds iwoZ ml LFkku dk uke Hkjsa tgka ekrk izk;% jgrh gSa
jg jgh gks vFkok izlwfr ds fy, tgka ls vkbZ gSA vLFkk;h fuokl dnkfi u Hkjsa tSls fd Hkze.k ;k
mnkgjk.kFkZ ;fn dksbZ efgyk vius ekrk&firk NqfV~V;ksa esa mi;ksx fd;k x;k fuoklA cPps ds
ds ?kj ls izlwfr ds fy, ml laLFkku esa vkbZ tUe dh izrh{kk esa fdlh lEcU/kh ;k fe= ds ?kj
gks] mlds ekrk&firk dk irk bl LFkku ij ij FkksM+s le; dk fuokl vLFkkbZ fuokl ekuk
fy[kk tk,xkA tkrk gS] ;gk¡ og ugha Hkjk tkuk pkfg,A
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 86

vr% ;g LFkku ml LFkku ls fHkUu gks ldrk gS] ;g en f”k{kk ds Lrj ds vuqlkj tUe
tgk¡ tUe gqvk gS vksj og fHkUu ftys ;k jkT; fof”k"Vrk,a vkSj iSnkb”k ds v/;;u gsrq lwpuk
esa Hkh gks ldrk gSA edku ¼?kj½ dk irk Hkjuk iznku djrk gSA
vko”;d ugha gSA dsoy uxj ;k xzke dk uke
Hkjsa en ¼8d½ vkSj 1 ;k 2 dks lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg 13- ekrk dk f'k{kk Lrj%
yxkdj crk,a fd og uxj gS ;k xzkeA 8¼x½ o mijksDr en 12 ds vuqlkj
8¼?k½ ds lkeus Øe”k% ftyk o jkT; dk uke HkjsaA
14- firk dk O;olk;%
;g en ekrk ds fuokl LFkku vuqlkj vkadM+ksa dh cPps ds tUe ds le; firk dk lkeU; O;olk;
rkfydk cukus esa lgk;d gSA ;g lkekU; fuokl HkjsaA O;olk; dke dk og :i gS tks lkekU;r%
ds vk/kkj ij vkcknh dh tUe njksa dh x.kuk dks firk djrk gS ;Fkk fdlku] [kuu] Jfed] fyfid]
lEHko cukrk gSA ekrk ds fuokl LFkku vuqlkj Hk.Mkj&ikyd] Vªd&Mªkboj] izksQslj bfR;kfnA
tUeksa ds fooj.k dk mi;ksx tula[;k vkdyuksa ;fn firk dksbZ O;olk; ugha djrk gS rks ^^”kwU;**
,oa vuqekuksa ds rS;kj djus esa gksrk gSA ;g HkjsaA ;fn firk ds }kjk ,d ls vf/kd dke fd;s
fooj.k lkeqnkf;d lsokvksa ,oa ekr` f”k”kq LokLF; tkrs gSa rks ftl O;olk; esa vf/kd le; fn;k gS]
dk;ZØeksa@lqfo/kkvksa ds ewY;kadu ds fy;s vkSj ds vuqlkj O;olk; fy[ksaA
;kstuk gsrq mi;ksxh gSA
bl en dh lwpuk tUe dh O;kolkf;d
11- ifjokj dk /keZ% fofHkUurkvksa ds v/;;u esa mi;ksxh gSA
¼1½ fgUnw ¼2½ eqfLye ¼3½ blkbZ ¼4½ dksbZ vU; /keZA
15- ekrk dk O;olk;%
mfpr en ds lkeus lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg yxk,aaA LokHkkfod gS fd izlwfr ds le; ekrk dksbZ
;fn dksbZ vU; /keZ gks rks en 4 ds lkeus ml O;olk; ugha dj jgh gksxhA vr% tks O;olk; og
/keZ dk uke fy[ksaA lkekU;r% izlwfrdky ls iwoZ ;k ckn esa vLFkkbZ
;k LFkkbZ :i ls NksM+us ls iwoZ djrh Fkh og HkjsaA
bldk mi;ksx /kekZuqlkj tUe vkSj tUe la[;k ;fn ekrk us viuk dk;Z xHkZdky esa tYnh gh
o`f) dh fof”k"Vrkvksa ds vUrj ds v/;;u cUn dj fn;k gks rks Hkh ogh O;olk; HkjsaA ;fn
ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gS tks vk;kstuk ,oa dksbZ Hkh O;olk; ugha gks rks ^^”kwU;** HkjsaA
ifjokj dY;k.k dk;ZØeksa ds ewY;kadu ds fy;s
egRoiw.kZ gSA bl en ls feyus okyh lwpuk iztuu esa
O;kolkf;d fofHkUurkvksa ds v/;;u gsrq
12- firk dk f'k{kk Lrj% mi;ksxh gSA
firk dh f”k{kk dk iw.kZ fd;k gqvk Lrj HkjsaA
mnkgj.kkFkZ ;fn mlus d{kk 7 rd v/;;u fd;k 16- fookg ds le; ekrk dh vk;q ¼iw.kZ o"kksZ es½a %
gS fdUrq dsoy 6 ikl dh gS rks d{kk 6 fy[ksaA izHkkoh fookg dh frfFk HkjsaA dqN {ks=ksa esa fookg
;fn dksbZ O;fDr fdlh Hkh Hkk"kk esa fdlh okD; cgqr NksVh vk;q esa gks tkrk gS fdUrq og iw.kZrk
dks le>us ds lkFk mls i<+ ;k fy[k ugha ldrk dqN o"kksZ ds ckn djrk gSA ,sls ekeyksa esa og
gks rks mls vui<+ ekuk tkrk gSA ,sls ekeys esa vk;q Hkjh tk;s tc fookg igyh ckj iw.kZrk dks
^^vf”kf{kr** fy[ksaA dksbZ O;fDr fcuk vkSipkfjd izkIr djrk gSA og vk;q gh fookg dh vk;q
f”k{kk ds Hkh i<+k gqvk ¼i<+uk&fy[kuk tkuus gSA ,d ls vf/kd fookg ds ekeys esa igys
okyk½ gks ldrk gS ,sls ekeys esa ^^f”kf{kr** fcuk fookg dh vk;q HkjsaA ;fn fookg u gqvk gks rks
vkSipkfjd f”k{kk HkjsaA ^^vfookfgr** HkjsaA
87 vuqyXud III

;g ,d vR;Ur mi;ksxh MseksxzkfQd en gS tks tUeksa ls lEcfU/kr gS] rFkk vfUre rhu laLFkk
fookg dh vof/k dh x.kuk djus esa lgk;d gS] foghu ?kVukvksa ls lEcU/k j[krh gSA
iztuu ds Lrjksa ds vkWdyu izkIr djus ds fy;s]
tUe Øe vkfn esa mi;ksxh gSA fookg dh vk;q bl en ds ek/;e ls yh x;h lwpuk lqfo/kkvksa ds
Lo;a esa gh ,d vfr mi;ksxh fooj.k&en gSA mi;ksx ds Lrj dks tkuus rFkk lsok ds Lo:i ls
tUe fof”k"Vrkvksa ds lw{ekoyksdu esa lgk;d gSA
17- f'k'kq tUe ds le; ekrk dh vk;q
¼iw.kZ o"kksZ esa½ 20- izlo i)fr%
;g vk;q fof”k"V iztuu nj ds vkadyu esa Û izkd`frd ¼lkekU;½
lgk;d gS ftlls vU; iztuu njsa fudkyh tkrh Û “kY;fØ;k
gSA fookg ds le; dh vk;q ds lkFk feyku djus Û QksjlsIl ;k oSD;we
ij ;g fookg dh vof/k ds vkdyu ds fy;s
mi;ksx esa ykbZ tkrh gSA dsoy ,d en dks fpfUgr ¼√½ djsaA laLFkkvksa
ds ekeys esa ;g en laLFkk vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk
18- ekrk ds thfor tUesa cPpksa dh la[;k% lqxerk ls Hkjk tk ldrk gSA lkekU;r% ?kjsyw
bl cPps lfgr ekrk ds thfor iSnk gq, cPpksa tUe LokHkkfod gksaxs ;k ;fn izf”kf{kr lgk;d dh
dh la[;k HkjsaA blesa iwoZ ds fookgksa ls thfor lgk;rk ls fd;s tk;sa rks QksjlSIl ;k oSD;we dh
iSnk gq, cPpksa dh la[;k Hkh “kkfey gksuh enn ls gks ldrs gSaA
pkfg,A blesa ,sls cPps “kkfey ugha gksaxs tks
Hkzw.k voLFkk esa gh ej tkrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh ,sls ;g lwpuk ekrk dh dqN fo”ks"krkvksa ls tsls
cPps tks ?kj NksM+ x;s gS ;k lEcfU/k;ksa ;k fe=ksa mldh vk;q o f”k{kk Lrj rFkk lsok ds Lo:i ls
dks xksn esa ns fn, x;s gksa] xyrh ls NwV tkrs lEcfU/kr gks ldrh gS tks ekr` LokLF; lEcU/kh
gSaA bl izfof"V dks Hkjrs le; bu ckrksa dk ckrksa dh lw{e tkudkjh ns ldrs gSaA bl en ls
/;ku j[ksaA izkIr lwpuk dk iz;skx ns”k Hkj esa izlwfr izo`fRr;ksa
dks ekWuhVj djus ds fy;s gksrk gSA
;g en ekrkvksa ds vk;q lewg ds vuqlkj muds
lkekftd o f”k{kk Lrj ds Øe ls iztuu ds 21- tUe ds le; Hkkj ¼fdyksxzke esa½
laHkkO; ¼vUrj½ ds v/;;u esa egRoiw.kZ gSA blls izR;sd tUe Hkkj dks fdyksxzke esa ,d n”keyo
tUe ds le; Hkkj vkSj izlwfr ds <+ax dks ijLij LFkkuksa rd HkjsaA mnkgj.k ds fy;s 3-5 fdyksxzkeA
Js.khc) fd;k tkrk gSA ;g ekrk ds LokLF; Lrj leLr LokLF; laLFkk,a ;g lwpuk vklkuh ls
dk Kku djkrk gSA miyC/k djk ldrh gSa vkSj ;g mUgsa vo”; gh
lwfpr djuh pkfg,A dqN {ks=ksa esa ,0,u0,e0 dks
19- izlo ds nkSjku miyC/k djk;h xbZ izlwfr ds le; uotkr f”k”kqvksa dks rkSyuk gksrk
ifjp;kZ% gSa vr% ;g lwpuk bu dk;ZdrkZvksa ds ek/;e ls
Û laLFkkxr&ljdkjh izkIr djuk lEHko gS] tgk¡ mUgsa lwpuknkrkvksa ls
Û laLFkkxr&futh ;k xSj ljdkjh tUe lEcU/kh lwpuk izkIr djus ds fy;s vf/klwfpr
Û MkWDVj] ulZ ;k izf”kf{kr nkbZ fd;k x;k gSA ;fn miyC/k u gks rks ^^tkudkjh
Û ikjEifjd nkb;k¡ ugha** HkjsaA
Û lEcU/kh o vU;
;g f”k”kq e`R;qvksa ls lEc) ,d egRoiw.kZ
mijksDr enksa esa ls dsoy ,d ij gh ¼√½ dk fof”k"Vrk gSA ;g tUe ls lEcfU/kr ekrk dh
fpUg djsaA igyh nks ensa laLFkkvksa esa gksus okys vk;q] f”k{kk Lrj o vU; ckrksa ls lEcfU/kr gSaA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 88

ifj.kker% ;g vU; tkudkfj;ksa ds lkFk izHkkoh HkjsaA ;fn iz;qDr gksrk gks rks miuke Hkh “kkfey
iztuu LokLF; laj{k.k dh izHkko”khyrk dk djsaA laf{kIr uke ;k ?kjsyw uke dk mi;ksx
ewY;kadu ,oa fu;kstu djus ds dke esa vkrh gSA u djsaA blesa dksbZ =qfV ;k xyrh gksus ls xyr
izek.k&i= tkjh gks tk;sxk] ftlls ifjokj dks
22- xHkZkoLFkk dh vof/k% ¼lIrkg easa½ Hkfof"; esa ijs”kkuh gksxhA
;g lwpuk lIrkgksa esa HkjsAa ;g lwpuk Hkh laLFkkvksa
esa rqjUr miyC/k gksxhA ,0,u0,e0 dk;ZdrkZvksa dks
Hkh bl lEcU/k esa dkQh dqN tkudkjh gksxh vkSj ;g en ml O;fDr dh igpku djrh gS] ftldh
;FkklaHko mUgsa ;g lwpuk nsuh pkfg,A lk/kkj.kr;k e`R;q dk iathdj.k fd;k x;k gSA
ekrk ;k ?kj dh dksbZ vU; o;kso`) efgyk dks
Hkyh&Hkkafr Kkr gksxk fd fiNys ekgokjh dky
ls fdrus eghus iwjs gks pqds gSAa bl izdkj lkr ¼3½ e`rd dk fyax%
ekgksa ds lIrkg esa ifjofrZr dj la[;k HkjsAa ;fn iq:"k ;k L=h HkjsaA laf{kIr :i u HkjsaA
miyC/k u gks rks ^^tkudkjh ugha** fy[ksAa ;g en e`rd dh igpku esa lgk;d gSA ;g
fyax fof”k"V dh e`R;q njksa ds eki ds fy;s
xHkZ dh vof/k tc tUe Hkkj o ekrk dh vk;q ls mi;ksx esa vkrk gSA e`R;q fof”kf"V dkj.k esa fyax
ijLij rkfydkc) dh tkrh gS rks iqujksRiknd lw{ekoyksdu ds v/;;u gsrq rFkk tula[;k
LokLF; Lrj dh cgqr vPNh tkudkjh nsrh gSA vkdyu gsrq Hkh mi;ksxh gSA

¼4½ ekrk dk uke%


e`R;q lwpuk izi= ¼izi= la- 2½ Hkjus ds e`rd dh ekrk dk uke o miuke tSlk izk;%
fy;s vuqns'k% fy[kk tkrk gS] HkjsaA laf{kIr ;k ?kjsyw uke dk
iz;ksx u djsaA
QkeZ la0 2 esa izR;sd en Hkjus ds fy;s mlds
egRo lEcU/kh vuqns”k uhps fn;s x;s gSa% ¼5½ firk@ifr dk uke%
e`rd ds firk@ifr dk uke o miuke tSlk izk;%
¼v½ fof/kd Hkkx% fy[kk tkrk gS] HkjsaA laf{kIr ;k ?kjsyw uke dk
iz;ksx u djsaA
¼1½ e`R;q dh frfFk%
e`R;q gksus dh lgh frfFk] eghuk o o"kZ Hkjsa ;Fkk ¼6½ e`rd dh vk;q%
1-1-2000 ;fn e`rd 1 o"kZ ls vf/kd vk;q dk gks rks mldh
vk;q iw.kZ o"kksZ esa nsaA ;fn e`rd ,d o"kZ ls de
;g en QkeZ esa fy[ks x;s uke okys O;fDr dh vk;q dk gks rks vk;q iw.kZ eghuksa esa nsa] ;fn ,d
e`R;q dk ys[k rFkk mRrjkf/kdkj] thou chek nkoksa ekg ls de dk Fkk] rks vk;q iw.kZ fnuksa esa vkSj
dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s mi;ksxh gSA ;g ?kfVr gksus ;fn og ,d fnu ls Hkh de dk Fkk rks ?kaVksa esa
ds o"kZ ds }kjk ?kVuk ds rkfydkdj.k ds fy;s Hkh nsaA ;fn vk;q dk fu/kkZj.k u gks lds rks fy[ksa
mi;ksx esa yk;h tkrh gSA iathdj.k dh frfFk dh ^^tkudkjh ugha**A
lwpuk ds lkFk feykus ij ;g iathdj.k esa le;
vUrj ds v/;;u ds fy;s Hkh mi;ksxh gSA ;g dkuwuh mn~ns”; ds fy;s e`rd dh igpku
djus okyh ,d en dh rjg mi;ksx esa yh
¼2½ e`rd dk uke% tk ldrh gSA bl en dh lwpuk dk mi;ksx
e`rd dk iwjk uke tSlk izk;% fy[kk tkrk gS uo&izlwr] uo&izlwrksijkUr ,oa f”k”kq e`R;q njksa ds
89 vuqyXud III

fu/kkZj.k ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA ;g vk;q fof”k"V ¼c½ lkaf[;dh; Hkkx%
ej.k ds vUrj dk v/;;u ,oa lkoZtfud LokLF;
dk;ZØeksa ds vk;kstu o ewY;kadu esa Hkh mi;ksx esa 11- e`rd ds fuokl dk LFkku
yh tkrh gSA ¼d½ uxj@xzke dk uke
¼[k½ og uxj gS ;k xzke
7- e`rd dk e`R;q ds le; irk% ¼1½ uxj ¼2½ xzke
blesa e`rd ds ml Mkd irs dks fy[ksa tgka og ¼x½ ftys dk uke
ejus ls igys jgrk FkkA ¼?k½ jkT; dk uke

8- e`rd dk LFkkbZ irk% ml txg dk uke Hkjsa tgka e`rd izk;% jgrk
blesa e`rd dk LFkkbZ irk vafdr djsaA FkkA vLFkk;h fuokl dnkfi u Hkjsa vkSj tSls fd
og tks Hkze.k esa ;k vodk”k esa iz;ksx fd;k x;kA
9- e`R;q dk LFkku% fdlh lEcU/kh ;k fe= dk ?kj tgka dksbZ fpfdRlk
¼1½ vLirky@laLFkk uke dk mn~ns”; Fkk vLFkk;h ekuk tk;sxk vksj og
¼2½ ?kj irk ;gka ugha Hkjk tkuk pkfg,A blfy;s ;g LFkku
¼3½ vU; LFkku ml LFkku ls fHkUu gks ldrk gS tgka e`R;q gqbZ
gks vkSj og fdlh fHkUu ftys ;k jkT; esa Hkh gks
;fn e`R;q vLirky@laLFkk esa varjax jksxh ds :i ldrk gSA ?kj dk irk Hkjus dh vko”;drk ugha
esa gqbZ gks rks izfof"V ds lkeus lgh ¼√½ fpUg gSA dsoy uxj ;k xzke dk uke HkjsaA en 8¼d½
yxk;sa vkSj vLirky@laLFkk dk uke fn;s gq, vkSj en 1 ;k 2 dks fVd ¼√½ yxkdj crk,a fd
LFkku esa HkjsaA ;fn e`R;q fdlh vkoklh; ?kj esa gqbZ og uxj gS ;k xzke en 8¼[k½ en 8¼x½ o 8¼?k½
gks rks izfof"V 2 ij lgh dk fu”kku yxk;sa vkSj ds lkeus Øe”k% ftys o jkT; dk uke fy[ksaA
fn;s gq, LFkku esa ?kj dk iwjk Mkd dk irk nsaA
;fn e`R;q laLFkk ds ;k ?kj ds ckgj gqbZ gks rks en ;g en e`rd ds fuokl LFkku ds vuqlkj
3 ds lkeus lgh dk fpUg yxk;sa vkSj ml txg e`R;q ds vkadM+ksa dh rkfydk cukus ds fy;s
dks Li"V djds crk;sa tgka e`R;q gqbZ gS vFkkZr~ lqfo/kktud gSA ;g ml {ks= esa jgus okyh
MkDVj dk fpfdRlky;] lM+d tgka nq?kZVuk gqbZ fuoklh lkekU; tula[;k ij vk/kkfjr e`R;q nj
gS] jsyxkM+h esa] dk;Z LFky ij bR;kfnA tgka e`r dh x.kuk dks laHko cukrh gSA e`rd dks fuokl
O;fDr dk “kjhj ik;k x;k] e`R;q ds LFkku ds :i LFkku ds vuqlkj e`R;qvksa ds vkadM+s tula[;k ds
esa Hkjk tk;sA vkdyu ,oa ifj;kstuk,a cukus ds fy;s mi;ksx
esa vkrs gSaA
;g en ?kjsyw e`R;q o laLFkkfud e`R;q dh igpku
djkus esa lgk;d gS rFkk Hkfo"; ds vuqla/kku vkSj 12- /keZ%
tkudkjh esa lgk;rk djrk gSA 1- fgUnw 2- eqfLye 3- bZlkbZ 4- vU; dksbZ /keZ

10- lwpuknkrk dk uke o irk mfpr en ij lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg yxk;saA ;fn /keZ
lwpuk nsus okys dk iwjk uke] uke ¼ljuse½ lfgr dksbZ vU; gks rks en pkj ds lkeus ml /keZ dk
;fn gks rks] HkjsaA mldk iwjk Mkd irk Hkh HkjsaA uke fy[ksaA

bl en esa nh x;h lwpuk vuqla/kku dks ljy ;g /keZ ds vuqlkj e`R;q ,oa ej.k ?kVukvksa dh
cukrh gS vkSj Hkfo"; es tkudkjh ds fy;s Hkh lw{e foospukRed fof”k"Vrk ds v/;;u ds fy;s
egRoiw.kZ gSA dke vkrh gSA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 90

13- e`rd dk O;olk;% pksV yxhA ^^e`R;q ds y{k.k ;k <+x a ugha fy[ksa tSls
e`rd dk e`R;q ds le; lkekU; O;olk; HkjsaA & fny dk cUn gks tkuk] lkal dk cUn gks tkuk
;fn dksbZ O;olk; u gks rks ^^”kwU;** HkjsaA vk?kkr vkfn**A en 15 ds lkeus ^^gk¡** gks rks tSlk
QkeZ la0 4 ;k 4d ds e`R;q ds dkj.k dks"Bd esa
;g O;olk; ds vk/kkj ij ej.k lw{e foospu ds igys crk;k gks] e`R;q dk dkj.k fy[ksAa bl n”kk
v/;;u esa mi;ksxh gSA es]a ;fn e`R;q laLFkkxr gS rks laLFkk dks Lo;a QkeZ
la0 4 esa ;k 4d esa bl en dks Hkjuk pkfg,A ;fn
14- e`R;q iwoZ izkIr fpfdRlk lsok dk Lo:i% e`R;q laLFkkxr ugha gS rks ?kjsyw lwpuknkrk bl en
1- laLFkk dks QkeZ 4d ls Hkjsxka mlh izdkj tSlk fd Åij
2- laLFkk ds vfrfjDr fpfdRlk lsok crk;k x;k gSA ;fn e`R;q fpfdRlh; izekf.kr ugha
3- fpfdRlk lsok dk vHkko gS] vFkkZr~ ;fn en 15 ds lkeus ^^ugha** fy[kk gS]
rks lwpuknkrk dks Lo;a viuh tkudkjh ds vuqlkj
bu enksa esa dsoy ,d dks lgh ¼√½ ls fpfUgr e`R;q dk dkj.k crkuk gksxkA mu ewy dkj.kksa dks
djsAa laLFkk ds vUnj ;k ckgj feyh fpfdRlk&lsok crk,a ftuls og ?kVukØe izkjEHk gqvk ftlls
esa dksbZ Hkh vkS"k/k {ks= lfEefyr gS tSls ,yksiSfFkd] lh/kh e`R;q gks x;hA ejus ds y{k.k ;k <+x a u HkjsAa
gksE;ksiSfFkd] vk;qoZfs nd bR;kfnA ;fn jksxh dks o`)koLFkk dks e`R;q dk dkj.k u crk,a] ;fn vU;
ckâ; jksxh ;k HkrhZ jksxh ds :i esa fdlh laLFkk esa dksbZ fo”ks"k dkj.k Kkr gksA
vkf[kjh fpfdRlk feyh gks rks dsoy izfof"B 1 ds
lekus lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg yxk;sAa e`R;q dk dkj.k fpfdRlk lEcU/kh lwpuk miyC/k
djkrk gS tks ekuo LokLF; ,oa ej.k dh izo`fRr
bl en ds ek/;e ls izkIr lwpuk lqfo/kkvksa ds ds fooj.k dk rFkk e`R;q rd ys tkus okyh
mi;ksx ds Lrj vkSj lsok ds Lo:i ds vuqlkj fLFkfr;ksa ds fo”ys"k.k dk vk/kkj curk gSA ej.k
e`R;q fof”k"Vrkvksa ds lw{e foospu dk fu/kkZj.k lEcU/kh vkadM+s izpfyr v/;;u dk vk/kkj
djus esa lgk;d gSA miyC/k djkrs gS tks vk;q o fyax ds vuqlkj e`R;q
ds izeq[k dkj.kksa ij izdk”k Mkyrk gSA
15- D;k e`R;q] dk dkj.k fpfdRld }kjk
izekf.kr gS\ 17- ;fn ,d L=h dh e`R;q dk ekeyk gS rks D;k
1- gk¡ 2- ugha e`R;q xHkkZoLFkk es]a izlfw r ds le; ;k xHkkZoLFkk
dh lekfIr ds 6 lIrkg ds vUnj gqbZ gS
;fn bl QkeZ ds lkFk e`R;q ds dkj.k dk 1- gk¡ 2- ugha
fpfdRlk izek.khdj.k vFkkZr~ QkeZ la0 4 ;k 4d gS
rks izfof"V 1 dks fpfUgr ¼√½ djsa vU;Fkk 2 dksA izfof"V 1 dks lgh ¼√½ djsa ;fn og ,d L=h dh
e`R;q dk ekeyk gS tks xHkkZoLFkk esa gqbZ gS] izlwfr
;g fpfdRlh; izek.khdj.k e`R;q dh igpku esa ds le; gqbZ gS ;k xHkkZoLFkk dh lekfIr ds ckn
rFkk lEcfU/kr rkfydkvksa dks rS;kj djus esa 6 lIrkg ds vUnj gqbZ gS] pkgs e`R;q dk okLrfod
lgk;d gSA dkj.k dqN Hkh jgk gksA xHkkZoLFkk dh lekfIr
xHkZikr ;k izlwfr ifj.kke Lo:i gks ldrh gS
16- jksx dk uke ;k e`R;q dk okLrfod dkj.k pkgs cPpk thfor gqvk gks ;k e`rA
e`R;q dk ewy dkj.k fy[ksAa ewy ;k vkarfjd dkj.k
dh ifjHkk"kk gS ¼v½ chekjh ;k pksV] ftlls mRiUu ;g en ekrk&e`R;qvksa dk foLr`r ladsrd iznku
?kVukvksa ¼fLFkfr;ks½a ls izR;{k :i ls e`R;q gqbZ ;k djrh gS rFkk ekr`&e`R;qvksa ij vf/kd lwpuk
¼c½ nq?kZVuk ;k minzo dh fLFkfr;ka] ftuls ekjd ,df=r djus gsrq mi;ksxh gSA
91 vuqyXud III

18- ;fn /kweiz ku dk vknh gS & fdrus o"kksaZ ls\ ;fn dksbZ miuke Hkh gks rks og Hkh “kkfey djsaA
og O;fDr tks izk;% fu;fer :i ls /kweziku djrk laf{kIr uke ;k ?kjsyw uke dk mi;ksx u djsaA
jgk gS] /kweziku dk vknh gSA dHkh&dHkh /kweziku
djus okyksa dks lfEefyr u djsaA o"kksZ dh la[;k bl en dk mi;ksx ekrk&firk dh nLrkosth
yxHkx crk,a ;fn og /kweziku dk vknh gSA ;fn lk{; ds :i esa igpkku ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA
/kweziku dk vknh ugha gS rks ^^ugha** fy[ksaA
4- ekrk dk uke%
19-;fn fdlh Hkh izdkj dk rEckdw pckus ekrk dk iwjk uke tSlk izk;% fy[kk tkrk gS HkjsaA
dk vknh gS & fdrus o"kksZ ls\ ;fn dksbZ miuke gks rks mls Hkh “kkfey djsaA
mijksDr en 18 dh rjg laf{kIr ;k ?kjsyw uke dk mi;ksx u djsaA

20- ;fn fdlh Hkh rjg dh lqikjh pckus dk bl en dk mi;ksx ekrk&firk dh nLrkosth lk{;
vknh gS & ¼iku elkyk lfgr½ fdrus o"kksZ ls ds :i esa igpku ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA
ogh tSlk mijksDr en 18 esa gSA
5- tUe LFkku%
21- ;fn 'kjkc ihus dk vknh gS rks fdrus ¼1½ vLirky@laLFkk Ukke
o"kksZ ls\ ¼2½ ?kj irk
ogh tSlk mijksDr en 15 esa gSA
;fn tUe fdlh vLirky ;k laLFkk esa gqvk gks
rks izfof"V 1 ds lkeus lgh ¼√½ dk fu”kku yxk;sa
e`r&tUe izfrosnu izi= ¼izi= la- 3½ vkSj nh gqbZ txg esa vLirky@laLFkk dk uke
Hkjus gsrq funsZ'k HkjsaA ;fn tUe ?kj esa gqvk gS rks izfof"V 2 dks
fpfUgr djsa vkSj fn;s gq, LFkku esa ?kj dk iwjk
QkeZ la0 3 dh izR;sd en Hkjus ds fy;s vkSj Mkd dk irk fy[ksaA
muds egRo lEcU/kh vuqns”k uhps fn;s x;s gSa%
bl en ls ?kjsyw tUe vkSj laLFkkfud tUe
dh igpku gksrh gS vkSj Hkfo"; esa vuqla/kku
¼v½ fof/kd Hkkx% o tkudkjh esa lqfo/kk feyrh gSA

1- tUe dh frfFk% 6- lwpuknkrk dk uke o irk%


cPps ds tUe dh lgh frfFk] eghuk ,oa o"kZ lwpuknkrk dk iwjk uke] mi uke lfgr] ;fn
Hkjsa ;Fkk 1-1-2000 ;g ?kVuk ds o"kZ ds vuqlkj dksbZ gks fy[ksaA mldk iwjk Mkdirk Hkh fy[ksaA
?kVukvksa dh rkfydk cukus ds dke vkrh gSA bl en esa nh x;h lwpuk Hkfo"; esa tkudkjh
esa lgk;d gS vkSj egRo dh gSA
2- fyax%
iq:"k ;k L=h HkjsaA laf{kIr :i dk iz;ksx u djsaA
¼c½ lkaf[;dh; Hkkx%
;g lwpuk e`r&tUeksa dh nj ,oa fyax ds vuqlkj
izlwfr ds lkFk e`R;q dh x.kuk esa dke vkrh gSA 7- ekrk ds fuokl dk LFkku%
¼d½ uxj@xzke dk uke
3- firk dk uke% ¼[k½ og uxj gS ;k xzke
firk dk iwjk uke tks izk;% fy[kk tkrk gS Hkjsa ¼1½ uxj ¼2½ xzke
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 92

¼x½ ftys dk uke 10- izlwfr ds le; miyC/k djk;h xbZ


¼?k½ jkT; dk uke ifjp;kZ%
1- laLFkkfud & ljdkjh
ml LFkku dk uke Hkjsa tgka ekrk izk;% jgrh gSA 2- laLFkkfud & futh ;k xSj ljdkjh
vLFkk;h fuokl dnkfi u Hkjsa tSls fd og tks 3- MkDVj] ulZ ;k izf”kf{kr nkbZ
fdlh Hkze.k ;k vodk”k esa iz;ksx fd;k x;k gksA 4- ikjEifjd izlwfrdrkZ
fdlh lEcU/kh ;k fe= dk ?kj tks dqN le; ds 5- lEcfU/k;ksa ;k vU; }kjk
fy;s cPps ds tUe dh izrh{kk esa mi;ksx esa fy;k
x;k gks] ;gka ugha Hkjk tkuk pkfg,A bl izdkj mijksDr enksa esa ls dsoy ,d ij lgh ¼√½
;g LFkku mlls vyx gks ldrk gS tgka izlwfr yxk;sa igyh nks ensa laLFkk ds vUnj gksus okyh
gqbZ gks vkSj og fdlh fHkUu ftys ;k jkT; esa Hkh e`r&tUeksa ls lEcfU/kr gS rFkk vfUre rhu xSj
gks ldrk gS ?kj dk irk Hkjuk vko”;d ugha gSA laLFkkxr ?kVukvksa ls lEcfU/kr gSA
dsoy uxj ;k xzke dk uke Hkjsa en 7¼d½ vkSj
1 ;k 2 ij fpUg ¼√½ yxkdj ;g crk,a fd og bl en ds }kjk ,df=r lwpuk lqfo/kkvksa ds mi;ksx
uxj gS ;k xzke en 7¼[k½] en 7¼x½ o 7¼?k½ ds ds Lrj rFkk lsok ds izdkj ds vuqlkj e`r&tUeksa
lekus Øe”k% ftys vkSj jkT; dk uke HkjsaA dh fof”k"Vrkvksa ds lw{e&foospu esa lgk;d gSA

;g en ekrk ds fuokl&LFkku ds vuqlkj tUe 11- xHkZoLFkk dh vof/k%


ds vkadM+ksa dks rkfydkc) djus esa lgk;d ;g lwpuk lIrkgks esa Hkjsa ;g lwpuk laLFkkvksa esa
gSA blls ml {ks= esa jgus okyh tula[;k ij rRdky miyC/k gksxhA ,0,u0,e0 dks Hkh bl lEcU/k
vk/kkfjr e`r&tUeksa dh x.kuk Hkh laHko gksrh gSA esa dqN tkudkjh gksxh vkSj mUgsa ;FkklaHko lwpuk nsuh
;g vkadM+s ekr` ,oa f”k”kq LokLF; dk;ZØeksa lfgr pkfg,A lkekU;r% ekrk ;k dksbZ vU; ?kj dh o;kso) `
lkeqnf;d lsokvksa vkSj lqfo/kkvksa dh vk;stuk ,oa efgyk dks Li"V vuqeku gksxk fd fiNys ekgokjh
ewY;kadu esa Hkh mi;ksxh gSA dky ls fdrus eghus iwjs gks pqds gSA ;fn laHko gks
rks bUgsa lIrkgksa esa cny ysa vkSj ;gka fy[ksAa ;fn
8- f'k'kq tUe ds le; ekrk dh vk;q lwpuk miyC/k ugha gks rks ^^tkudkjh ugha** fy[ksAa
¼iw.kZ o"kksZ esa½
;g en Lor% Li"V gSA xHkZ dh vof/k dks tc ekrk dh vk;q ls ijLij
rkfydkc) fd;k tkrk gS rks iquizlo lEcU/kh
9- ekrk dk 'kS{kf.kd Lrj LokLF; fLFkfr dh xgu tkudkjh feyrh gSA
ekrk dh f”k{kk dk iwjk Lrj Hkjsa vFkkZr~ ;fn mlus
d{kk 7 rd i<+kbZ dh gS fdUrq dsoy d{kk 6 mRrh.kZ 12- Hkz.wz k e`R;q ¼e`r&tUe½ ds dkj.k%
dh gS rks d{kk 6 fy[ksaA ,sls ekeyksa esa tc O;fDr lkekU;r% ;g lwpuk vLirky o vU; fpfdRlk
fdlh okD; dks le>us ij mls fdlh Hkk"kk esa laLFkkvksa ls miyC/k gksxhA ?kj ij gqbZ ?kVukvksa
fy[k ;k i<+ ugha ldrk gks rks mls vui<+ ekuk ds ekeys esa] ;fn tkudkjh feys rc Hkjsa vU;Fkk
tkrk gSA ,sls ekeyksa esa ^^vf”kf{kr** HkjsAa dksbZ O;fDr ^^tkudkjh ugha** fy[ksaA
fcuk vkSipkfjd f”k{kk ds Hkh f”kf{kr gks ldrk gSA
,slh n”kk esa ^^fcuk vkSipkfjd f”k{kk ds f”kf{kr** HkjsAa ;g mu fLFkfr;ksa ds oxhZdj.k ,oa fo”ys"k.k ds
fy;s lwpuk iznku djrh gS ftlls e`r cPpk iSnk
bl en ls ekrkvksa ds f”k{kk&Lrj ds vuqlkj e`r gqvkA tc bls xHkZ dh vof/k vkSj ekrk dh vk;q
tUeksa dh fof”k"Vrkvksa ds v/;;u gsrq lwpuk izkIr ls feyk;k tkrk gSA rks iquizlo LokLF; Lrj dh
gksrh gSA vPNh lw{e tkudkjh feyrh gSA
93 vuqyXud IV

vuqyXud IV nRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk


izi= Hkjus ds fy;s vuqn's k
bl dk;kZy; ds i= la[;k 1@7@2011&thoukad ¼lh-vkj-,l-½ fnukad
12&3&2012 }kjk xksn fy, x, cPps ds tUe fjdkMZ esa izfof"V djus@ifjorZu
djus dh izfØ;k ds laca/k esa tkjh ifji= }kjk jkT; ljdkjksa dks jkT; fu;e 5
¼1½ esa vko';d la'kks/ku djus ds vkns'k fn,A la”kksf/kr fu;e 5 ¼1½ uhps fn;k
tk jgk gS%

5 tUe vkSj e`R;q dh lwpuk nsus ds fy, izk:i vkfn ¼1½ jftLVªkj dks
;FkkfLFkfr] /kkjk 8 ;k /kkjk 9 ds v/khu nh tkus okyh visf{kr lwpuk tUe] nRrd
cPps dk tUe] e`R;q vkSj e`r tUe ds iathdj.k ds fy,] Øe'k% izi= la- 1- 1 d]
2 vkSj 3] ftUgsa blls vkxs lkewfgd :i ls izfrosnu izi= ¼fjiksfVZax QkeZ½ dgk
tk,xk] esa nh tk,xhA ;fn lwpuk ekSf[kd :i esa nh tkrh gS] rks jftLVªkj }kjk
mi;qDr izfrosnu izi=ksa esa mldh izfof"V dh tk,xh vkSj lwpuknkrk ds gLrk{kj
djk, tk,axs@vaxwBs dk fu'kku yxok;k tk,xkA

QkeZ la[;k 1&d ds izR;sd en dks Hkjus dss lEcU/kh fof”k"Vrkvksa esa fyax Hksnksa dks ekius esa rFkk
fy;s vkSj muds egRo ds lEcU/k esa vuqns”k tula[;k vkadyuksa ,oa vuqeku esa mi;ksxh gSA
fuEufyf[kr gSa%&
3- cPps dk uke] ;fn gks%
¼v½ fof/kd Hkkx% ;fn tUe igys ls iathd`r gS rks tUe izek.ki= esa
fy[ks x, uke dks gh fy[kk tk,A ;fn uke j[kk
1- tUe dh frfFk% tk pqdk gks] rks cPps dk iwjk uke Hkjsa ;fn dksbZ mi
;fn ekywe gS rks fu/kkZfjr frfFk] ekg ,oa o’kZ uke gks rks og Hkh uke esa “kkfey fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
fy[ksaA tSlk fd ;fn fdlh cPps dk tUe mi uke yxkus dh izFkk fHkUu&fHkUu gksrh gS vkSj og
1 tuojh] 2000 dks gqvk gS rks mls 1&1&2000 lwpuknkrk dh bPNkuqlkj Hkjh tkuh pkfg,a ;fn cPps
fy[kk tk,A ;fn tUe igys ls iathd`r gS rks dk ukedj.k ugha gqvk gS rks en dks [kkyh NksM+ nsAa
tUe izek.ki= esa vafdr tUe fnukad dks gh f”k”kq yM+dh ;k yM+dk u HkjsAa ;g en ml O;fDr
bl dkye esa fy[kk tk,A ;fn tUe iathd`r ugha dh igpku djrk gS fd ftldk uke iathd`r gqvk gSA
gSa rFkk cPps dh tUe frfFk irk u gksus dh fLFkfr
esa lh-,e-vks- vFkok fdlh fof/kor ykblsal'kqnk 4- ekrk dk uke%
fQthf'k;u }kjk fu/kkZfjr vkSj LFkkuh; eftLVªsV ;fn tkurs gSa rks tSfod@vuqokaf”kd ekrk dk
}kjk tkjh nRrd vkns'k@foys[k esa ckrbZ xbZ uke tSlk fd fy[kk tk,A miuke ;k NksVk uke
frfFk dks gh fy[kk tk;sA ugha fy[kk tk,A ;fn ekrk ds ckjs esa irk ugha gS
rc bl dkye dks [kkyh j[kk tk,A
2- fyax%
iq#"k ;k L=h HkjsAa laf{kIr :i iz;ksx u djsAa 5- firk dk uke%
;g en cPps dh igpku esa lgk;rk djrk gSA ;fn tkurs gSa rks tSfod@vuqokaf”kd firk dk
;g fofHkUu MseksxzfQd] tula[;k ,oa LokLF; uke tSlk fd fy[kk tk,A miuke ;k NksVk uke
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 94

ugha fy[kk tk,A ;fn firk ds ckjs esa irk ugha gS ugha gS rc tgka nRrdxzg.k fd;k tk jgk gS ml
rc bl dkye dks [kkyh j[kk tk,A LFkku dks cPps dk tUe LFkku ekuk tk,A

6- xksnukek vkns'k ,oa foys[k dh frfFk 12-nRrdxzg.k ;fn ,tsalh ds }kjk fd;k
vkSj la[;k% tk jgk gS%
xksnukek vkns”k ,oa foys[k dh frfFk vkSj la[;k rks ml ,tsalh dk uke] irk o LFkku fy[kk tk,A
bl dkye esa fy[kh tk,A
13- lwpd dk uke vkSj irk%
7- nRrdxzkgh ekrk dk uke% bl dkye esa lwpd dk iwjk uke miuke
nRrdxzg.k foys[k@vkns”k esa ntZ nRrdxzkgh lfgr fy[kk tk,A lkFk gh iwjk Mkd irk Hkh
ekrk dk uke bl dkye esa fy[kk tk,A fy[kk tk,A

8- nRrdxzkgh firk dk uke%


nRrdxzg.k foys[k@vkns”k esa ntZ nRrdxzkgh ¼c½ lkaf[;dh Hkkx%
firk dk uke bl dkye esa fy[kk tk,A
14- nRrdxzkgh firk dk /keZ%
9- nRrdxzkgh foys[k esa ntZ nRrdxzkgh ¼1½ fgUnw ¼2½ eqfLye ¼3½ blkbZ ¼4½ dksbZ vU; /keZA
ekrk&firk dk irk%
nRrdxzkgh ekrk&firk dk irk tks fd nRrdxzkgh mfpr en ds lkeus lgh ¼√½ dk fpUg yxk,aaA
foys[k esa ntZ gS] mls fy[kk tk,A ;gh irk tUe ;fn dksbZ vU; /keZ gks rks en 4 ds lkeus ml
izek.ki= esa ekrk&firk dk cPps ds tUe ds le; /keZ dk uke fy[ksaA
irk dkye esa n”kkZ;k tk,A
15- nRrdxzkgh firk dh f'k{kk dk Lrj%
10- nRrdxzkgh ekrk&firk dk LFkkbZ irk% nRrdxzkgh firk dh f”k{kk dk iw.kZ fd;k gqvk Lrj
;gka nRrdxzkgh ekrk&firk dk LFkkbZ irk HkjsaA mnkgj.kkFkZ ;fn mlus d{kk 7 rd v/;;u
vafdr djsaA fd;k gS fdUrq dsoy 6 ikl dh gS rks d{kk 6
fy[ksaA ;fn og fdlh Hkh Hkk"kk esa fdlh okD; dks
11- tUe LFkku% le>us ds lkFk mls i<+ ;k fy[k ugha ldrk
igys ls iathd`r tUe ds ekeyksa esa ogh tUe gks rks mls vui<+ ekuk tkrk gSA ,sls ekeys esa
LFkku ¼tgka cPpk iSnk gqvk Fkk½ bl dkye esa ^^vf”kf{kr** fy[ksaA dksbZ O;fDr fcuk vkSipkfjd
fy[kk tk,A bl ckr dks /;ku esa j[ks fcuk fd f”k{kk ds Hkh i<+k gqvk ¼i<+uk&fy[kuk tkuus
nRrdxzg.k fdlh vkSj {ks= esa fd;k tk jgk gS] okyk½ gks ldrk gS ,sls ekeys esa ^^f”kf{kr** fcuk
ijarq ,sls ekeyksa esa tgka tUe iathd`r ugha gS vkSipkfjd f”k{kk HkjsaA
rFkk nRrdxzg.k fdlh laLFkk ds ek/;e ls fd;k
tk jgk gS rc tgka nRrdxzg.k ,tsalh fLFkr gS] 16- nRrdxzkgh ekrk dh f'k{kk dk Lrj%
ml LFkku dks cPps dk tUe LFkku ekuk tk,xkA nRrdxzkgh ekrk dh f”k{kk dk iw.kZ fd;k gqvk Lrj
,sls ekeyksa esa tgka fd nRrdxzg.k laLFkku }kjk HkjsaA mnkgj.kkFkZ ;fn mlus d{kk 7 rd v/;;u
ugha fd;k tk jgk gS rFkk tUe jftLVªhd`r Hkh fd;k gS fdUrq dsoy 6 ikl dh gS rks d{kk 6
95 vuqyXud IV

fy[ksaA ;fn og fdlh Hkh Hkk"kk esa fdlh okD; dks O;olk; ugha djrk gS rks ^^”kwU;** HkjsaA ;fn muds
le>us ds lkFk mls i<+ ;k fy[k ugha ldrh }kjk ,d ls vf/kd dke fd;s tkrs gSa rks ftl
gks rks mls vui<+ ekuk tkrk gSA ,sls ekeys esa O;olk; esa vf/kd le; fn;k gS] mlds vuqlkj
^^vf”kf{kr** fy[ksaA dksbZ O;fDr fcuk vkSipkfjd O;olk; fy[ksaA
f”k{kk ds Hkh i<+k gqvk ¼i<+uk&fy[kuk tkuus
okyk½ gks ldrk gS ,sls ekeys esa ^^f”kf{kr** fcuk 18- nRrdxzkgh ekrk dk O;olk;%
vkSipkfjd f”k{kk HkjsaA O;olk; dke dk og :i gS tks lkekU;r%
nRrdxzkgh ekrk djrh gS ;Fkk fdlku] [kuu]
17- nRrdxzkgh firk dk O;olk;% Jfed] fyfid] Hk.Mkj&ikyd] izksQslj bR;kfnA
O;olk; dke dk og :i gS tks lkekU;r% ;fn nRrdxzkgh ekrk dksbZ O;olk; ugha djrh
nRrdxzkgh firk djrk gS ;Fkk fdlku] [kuu] gS rks ^^”kwU;** HkjsaA ;fn muds }kjk ,d ls
Jfed] fyfid] Hk.Mkj&ikyd] Vªd&Mªkboj] vf/kd dke fd;s tkrs gSa rks ftl O;olk; esa
izksQslj bR;kfnA ;fn nRrdxzkgh firk dksbZ vf/kd le; fn;k gS] ds vuqlkj O;olk; fy[ksaA
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 96

vuqyXud V flfoy jftLVª’s ku iz.kkyh izi=

jftLVªhdj.k dh u;h iz.kkyh esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys fofHkUu izi= bl izdkj gS%&
izi= la[;k izi= dk 'kh"kZd
1 1 tUe lwpuk izi=
2 1&d nRrd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi=
3 2 e`R;q lwpuk izi=
4 3 e`r&tUe lwpuk izi=
5 4 vkSj 4¼d½ e`R;q ds dkj.kksa dk fpfdRlk izek.k&i=
6 5 tUe izek.k&i=
7 6 e`R;q izek.k&i=
8 7 tUe jftLVj
9 8 e`R;q jftLVj
10 9 e`r&tUe jftLVj
11 10 vuqiyC/krk izek.k&i=
12 11 tUe dk ekfld lkjka'k izfrosnu
13 12 e`R;q dk ekfld lkjka'k izfrosnu
14 13 e`r&tUe dk ekfld lkjka'k izfrosnu
izi= la- 1 izi= la- 1
izi= la- 1 ¼fu;e 5 ns[ksa½
tUe lwpuk ;fn izdj.k dbZ larfr;ksa ds tUe dk gS rks izR;sd
tUe lwpuk izi= ds fy, vyx&2 QkeZ Hkjsa ,oa fy[ksa ^^tqM+oka vFkok rhu
fof/kd lwpuk,a lakf[;dh lwpuk,a
;g Hkkx tUe iaftdk esa tqM+sxk bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk, cPps** vkfn tks Hkh gks ckb± vksj fVIi.kh okys LrEHk esaA 97

lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xkA lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xkA lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xkA
1- tUe dh frfFk% ¼cPps ds tUe dk lgh fnu% ekg ,oa 10- xzke ;k 'kgj dk uke tgka ekrk dk fuokl gks ¼eka 16- ekrk dh vk;q fookg ds le; ¼iw.kZ o"kks± esa½
o"kZ vafdr djsa tSls 1&1&2000½ tgka lkekU;r% jgrh gS D;ksafd izlo dh txg fHkUu ¼;fn fookg ,d ls vf/kd ckj gqvk gks rks izFke fookg
gks ldrh gS ogka dk irk vko';d ugha½% dh vk;q fy[ksa½%
2- fyax%
¼efgyk ;k iq#"k vafdr djsa] laf{kIr esa ugha½ d- 'kgj@xzke dk uke% 17- ekrk dh vk;q] bl larku ds tUe ds le; ¼iw.kZ
[k- D;k 'kgj gS vFkok xzke gS ¼lgh dk fu'kku o"kks± esa½%
3- uotkr f'k'kq dk uke] ;fn dksbZ gks% yxk,a½
¼uke u gksus ij [kkyh LFkku NksM+sa½ 18- ekrk dh bl larku dks feykdj thfor larkuksa dh
1- 'kgj 2- xzke la[;k fy[ksa ¼iwoZ ds fookg ls larku dh la[;k ;fn
4- firk dk uke% x- ftys dk uke% gks] tksM+h tk,xh½
¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½% ?k- jkT; dk uke%
5- Ekkrk dk uke% 19- izlo fdl rRok/kku esa lEiUu gqvk% ¼lgh dk fu'kku
11- ifjokj dk èkeZZ ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½% yxk,a½
1- fganw 2- eqfLye 3- blkbZ 1- laLFkkxr&ljdkjh
6- cPps ds tUe ds le; ekrk&firk dk irk% 4- vU; /keZ% ¼/keZ dk uke fy[kas½ 2- laLFkkxr&futh ;k xSj ljdkjh
12- firk dk 'kSf{kd Lrj% ¼iw.kZ fd, x, 'kS{kf.kd Lrj dh 3- MkDVj@ulZ ;k izf'kf{kr feMokbZQ }kjk
7- ekrk&firk ds LFkk;h fuokl dk irk%
izfo"V djas tSls ;fn firk d{kk 7 rd gh i<+s gks rFkk 4- ijEijkxr izlo ifjpkfjdk }kjk
8- tUe dk LFkku% ¼1 vFkok 2 ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a d{kk 6 dh gh ijh{kk ikl dh gks] rks d{kk 6 gh fy[ksa½ 5- fj'rsnkj ;k v;
rFkk vLirky@laLFkku dk uke@irk ,oa tgka tUe
13- ekrk dk 'kSf{kd Lrj% ¼iw.kZ fd, x, 'kS{kf.kd Lrj dh 20- izlo izfØ;k% ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
gqvk gks ml ?kj dk irk½
izfof"V djsa tSls ;fn ekrk us d{kk 7 gh i<+h gks rFkk 1- LokHkkfod
1- vLirky@laLFkk uke% d{kk 6 dh gh ijh{kk ikl dh gks] rks d{kk 6 gh fy[ksa½ 2- lhtsfj;u
2- ?kj irk% 3- mid.k }kjk ¼Qksjlsi@oSD;we½
14- firk dk O;olk;%

bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,


9- lwpuknkrk dk uke% ¼;fn dksbZ O;olk; ugha gks rks 'kwU; fy[ksa½ 21- tUe ds le; otu ¼fd- xzk-½ ¼;fn Kkr gks½%
irk%
15- ekrk dk O;olk;% 22- xHkZ/kkj.k dk le; ¼g¶rksa esa½%
¼tc LrEHk 1 ls 22 rd iwjs Hkj tk,a rc lwpuk nsus okyk ¼;fn dksbZ O;olk; ugha gks rks 'kwU; fy[ksa½
;gka gLrk{kj djsxk o rkjh[k Hkjsxk½

fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds ¼Hkjus okys LrEHk lekIr gks x, gSa —i;k ckbZa vksj
vaxwBs dk fu'kku gLrk{kj djsa½

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS

iathdj.k la[;k% uke% dksM la[;k iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%


iathdj.k dh fnukad% ftyk% tUe frfFk%
iathdj.k bdkbZ% rglhy% fyax% 1- iq#"k 2- efgyk
'kgj@xzke% 'kgj@xkao% tUe LFkku% 1- vLirky@laLFkk] 2- ?kj
ftyk% iathdj.k bdkbZ
vuqyXud V

fVIi.kh ¼;fn dksbZ gks½



jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj
izi= la- 1&d
izi= la- 1&d
¼fu;e 5 ns[ksa½
nÙkd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi= nÙkd cPps dk tUe lwpuk izi=
fof/kd lwpuk lkaf[;dh lwpuk
;g Hkkx tUeiaftdk esa tqMsxk bl Hkkx dks vyx dj fn;k tk, vkSj lkaf[;dh; lalk/ku ds fy, Hkstk tk,

lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk;sxk lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk;sxk
*
1 - tUe frfFk ¼;fn Kkr gks] tUe dh okLrfod rkjh[k 14- nÙkdxzkgh firk dk /keZ% ¼uhps mi;ZDr izfof"V ij fu'kku yxk,a½
fy[ksa½ ¼vU;Fkk eftLVsªV }kjk fu/kkZfjr frfFk fy[ksa½
1- fganw 2- eqfLye 3- blkbZ
2*- fyax% ¼^iq#"k vFkok L=h* ntZ djsa] laf{kIr :i u
fy[ksa½ 4- vU; /keZ% ¼/keZ dk uke fy[ksa½
3- cPps dk uke% 15- nÙkdxzkgh firk dk f'k{kk Lrj%
¼;fn nÙkd xzg.k ij uke cnyk x;k gks] rks u;k ¼f'k{kk ds iwjs fd, x, Lrj dh izfof"V djsaA mnkgj.k ds fy, ;fn d{kk VII rd i<+kbZ dh gS]
uke fy[ksa½ ysfdu dsoy d{kk VI ikl dh gS] rks d{kk VI fy[ksa
4*- ekrk dk uke% ¼;fn Kkr gks½ 16- nÙkdxzkgh ekrk dh f'k{kk dk Lrj%
* ¼f'k{kk ds iwjs fd, x, Lrj dh izfof"V djsaA mnkgj.k ds fy, ;fn d{kk VII rd i<+kbZ dh gS]
5 - firk dk uke% ¼;fn Kkr gks½ ysfdu dsoy d{kk VI ikl dh gS] rks d{kk VI fy[ksa
6- nÙkd&xzg.k foys[k@vkns'k dh frfFk vkSj la[;k
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy,

17- nÙkdxzkgh firk dk O;olk;% ¼;fn dksbZ O;olk; u gks rks ^'kwU;* fy[ksa½
7- nÙkdxzkgh ekrk dk uke% 18- nÙkdxzkgh ekrk dk O;olk;% ¼;fn dksbZ O;olk; u gks rks ^'kwU;* fy[ksa½
8- nÙkdxzkgh firk dk uke%
9- nÙkdxzg.k foys[k esa ntZ nÙkdxzkgh ekrk&firk
dk irk%
10- nÙkdxzkgh ekrk&firk dk LFkkbZ irk%

bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,


11*- tUe LFkku
12- nÙkdxzg.k ;fn ,tsalh ds ek/;e ls gqvk gks rks
nÙkdxzg.k ,tsalh dk LFkku vkSj irk fy[ksa
13- lwpuknkrk dk uke vkSj irk%
¼1 ls 18 rd lHkh dkye iwjs djus ds ckn] lwpd] rkjh[k
lfgr ;gka gLrk{kj djsaxs½
*
tSlk ewy tUe izek.ki= esa mfYyf[kr gSA
fnukad% lwpuknkrk ds gLrk{kj vFkok ck,a gkFk ds vaxBw s
dk fu'kku ¼Hkjus okys LrEHk lekIr gks x, gSaA —i;k ckb± vksj gLrk{kj djsa½

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjs tkus ds fy, jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjs tkus ds fy,

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k fnukad% uke% dksM la[;k iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k fnukad%
iathdj.k ;wfuV% ftyk% tUe frfFk%
98

'kgj@xkao% ftyk% rglhy% fyax% 1- iq#"k 2- efgyk


fVIi.kh% ¼;fn dksbZ gks½ 'kgj@xkao% tUe LFkku%
iathdj.k ;wfuV

jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj
izi= la- 2
izi= la- 2 ¼fu;e 5 ns[ksa½ izi= la- 2
e`R;q lwpuk e`R;q lwpuk izi=
fof/kd lwpuk,a lakf[;dh lwpuk,a 99
;g Hkkx e`R;q iaftdk esa tqM+sxk bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,

lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk
1- e`R;q dh frfFk% ¼e`R;q dk lgh fnu] ekg ,oa o"kZ 11- xzke ;k ’kgj] tgka e`rd dk fuokl gks ¼e`rd tgka 15- D;k e`R;q dk dkj.k fpfdRlh; :i ls izekf.kr
vafdr djsa tSls 1&1&2000½ lkekU;r% jgrk gks] D;ksafd e`R;q dh txg fHkUu gks fd;k x;k% ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
ldrh gS] ogka dk irs dh izfof’V vko”;d ugha½% 1- gk¡ 2- ugha
2- e`rd dk uke%
¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½ d- 'kgj@xzke dk uke% 16- chekjh dk uke ;k e`R;q dk okLrfod dkj.k%
¼lHkh e`R;q ds fy, pkgs fpfdRlh; :i ls izekf.kr gks
3- e`rd dk fyax% [k- D;k 'kgj gS vFkok xzke gS ¼lgh dk fu'kku vFkok ugha½
¼efgyk ;k iq#"k vafdr djsa] laf{kIr esa ugha½ yxk,a½
17- L=h e`R;q dh n’kk esa D;k e`R;q xHkkZoLFkk es] izlwfr
4- Ekkrk dk uke%
1- 'kgj 2- xzke ds le; ;k xHkkZoLFkk ds lekIr gksus ds ckn 6
5- firk@ifr dk uke% lIrkg ds Hkhrj gqbZ%
x- ftys dk uke% ¼lgh dk fu”kku yxk,a½
6- e`rd dh vk;q% ¼;fn e`rd dh vk;q 1 o"kZ ls vf/kd
gks rks vk;q iw.kZ o"kksZa esa nsa] ;fn e`rd dh vk;q 1 o"kZ 1- gk¡ 2- ugha
ls de gks rks iw.kZ eghuksa esa ns ,oa ;fn vk;q 1 ekg ?k- jkT; dk uke%
18- ;fn /kweziku dk vknh Fkk rks fdrus o"kksZa ls%
ls de gks rks iw.kZ fnuksa esa nas rFkk ;fn vk;q 1 fnu ls 12- /keZ ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
de gks rks iw.kZ ?kaVksa esa nsa½ 19- ;fnfdlh Hkh :Ik esa rEckdw pckus dk vknh Fkk rks
1- fganw 2- eqfLye 3- blkbZ fdrus o"kksZa ls%
7- e`R;q ds le; e`rd dk irk%
20- ;fn lqikjh ¼iku elkyk dks lfEefyr djrs gq,½
8- e`rd dk LFkkbZ irk% 4- vU; /keZ% ¼/keZ dk uke fy[kas½ pckus dk vknh Fkk rks fdrus o"kksZa ls%
9- e`R;q dk LFkku% ¼1 vFkok 2 ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a 13- e`rd dk O;olk;%
rFkk vLirky@laLFkku dk uke@irk ,oa tgka e`R;q ¼;fn dksbZ O;olk; ugha gks rks 'kwU; fy[ksa½ 21- ;fn,Ydksgy ihus dk vknh Fkk rks
gqbZ gks ml ?kj dk irk½ fdrus o"kksZa ls%

bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,


14- e`R;q ls iwoZ izkIr fpfdRlk dk izdkj%
1- vLirky@laLFkk uke% ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
2- ?kj irk%
3- vU; LFkku% 1- laLFkkxr
2- laLFkkxr ds vykok vU; fpfdRlk
10- lwpuknkrk dk uke% 3- dksbZ fpfdRlk izkIr ugha dh
irk%
¼tc LrEHk 1 ls 21 rd iwjs Hkj tk,a rc lwpuk nsus okyk
;gka gLrk{kj djsxk o rkjh[k Hkjsxk½
fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds ¼Hkjus okys LrEHk lekIr gks x, gSa —i;k ckbZa vksj
vaxwBs dk fu'kku gLrk{kj djsa½

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad% uke% dksM+ la[;k iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%
iathdj.k bdkbZ% ftyk% e`R;q dh frfFk% fyax% 1- iq#"k 2- efgyk
'kgj@xzke% ftyk% rglhy% vk;q% o"kZ@ekg@fnu@?kaVs
¼fVIi.kh ;fn dksbZ gks½ 'kgj@xkao% e`R;q dk LFkku% 1- vLirky@laLFkk] 2- ?kj 3- vU; LFkku
vuqyXud V

iathdj.k bdkbZ

jftLVªkj ds gLrk{kj uke o jftLVªkj ds gLrk{kj
izi= la- 3
izi= la- 3 ¼fu;e 5 ns[ksa½

e`r tUe lwpuk e`r tUe lwpuk


fof/kd lwpuk,a lkaf[;dh lwpuk
;g Hkkx e`r tUe iaftdk esa tqM+sxk bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,

lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk
1- tUe dh frfFk% 7- xzke ;k 'kgj dk uke tgka ekrk dk fuokl gks ¼eka tgka lkekU;r% jgrh gS ;g LFkku çlo dh txg ls fHkUu gks
¼lgh fnu] ekl o o"kZ fy[ksa½ ldrk gS ogka dk irk vko';d ugha½%
2- fyax% iq:"k@L=h ¼laf{kIr esa ugha½% d- uke 'kgj@xzke
3- firk dk uke% [k- D;k 'kg vFkok xzke gS ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½ %
¼iw.kZ tSls fy[kk tkrk gS½% 1- 'kgj 2- xzke

4- ekrk dk uke% ¼iw.kZ tSls fy[kk tkrk gS½% x- ftys dk uke


5- tUe dk LFkku% uhps n'kkZ, x, LFkkuksa esa ls tgka ij ?k- çns'k dkuke
gks ml ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a ¼vLirky@laLFkk
dk uke mYys[k djsa] ?kj dk irk ;k LFkku fy[ksa tgk¡ 8- ekrk dh vk;q ¼iw.kZ o"kks± esa½%
tUe gqvk gks½%
9- ekrk dk 'kSf{kd Lrj ¼;fn ekrk us d{kk 7 rd gh i<+ha gks rFkk d{kk 6 dh gh ijh{kk ikl dh gks rks d{kk 6 rd
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy,

1- vLirky@laLFkk uke% gh fy[ksa½



2- ?kj irk% 10- çlo dky esa miyCèk fpfdRlk mipkj ¼lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a½
1- laLFkkxr & ljdkjh
6-
lwpuknkrk dk uke% 2- laLFkkxr & futh ;k xSj ljdkjh
irk% 3- fpfdRld@ulZ ;k çf'kf{kr feMokbZQ }kjk
4- ijEijkxr çlo ifjpkfjdk }kjk
5- fj'rsnkj ;k vU;

bls vyx djds lkaf[;dh izlaLdj.k ds fy, Hkstk tk,


11- xHkkZoLFkk dk le; ¼g¶rksa esa½%

12- Hkzw.k ds e`R;q dk dkj.k ¼;fn ekywe gks½%

¼tc LrEHk 1 ls 12 rd iwjs Hkj tk,a rc lwpuk nsus okyk


;gka gLrk{kj djsxk o rkjh[k Hkjsxk½

fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds vaxwBs


dk fu'kku ¼Hkjus okys LrEHk lekIr gks x, gSa Ñi;k ckbZ vksj gLrk{kj djsa½

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjs tkus ds fy,

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad% uke% dksM la[;k iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%
iathdj.k bdkbZ% ftyk% tUe dh frfFk% fyax 1- iq#"k 2- L=h
100

'kgj@xzke ftyk% rglhy% vk;q% o"kZ@ekg@fnu@?kaVs


fVIi.kh ¼;fn dksbZ gks½ 'kgj@xkao% tUe dk LFkku% 1- vLirky@laLFkk 2- ?kj
iathdj.k bdkbZ%

jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj
101 vuqyXud V

çi= la- 4
¼fu;e 7 ns[ksa½
e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlk çek.k&i=
vLirky esa jksxh ¼e`r tUe ds fy, iz;ksx u fd;k tk,½
çk:i la[;k% 2 ¼e`R;q fjiksVZ½ ds lkFk jftLVªkj dks Hkstk tk,

vLirky dk uke ……………………………………………………eSa izekf.kr djrk gw¡ fd................................................ml O;fDr ftldh fof'kf"V;k¡ uhps
nh xbZ gSa] e`R;q vLirky esa okMZ la[;k……………..............................dks iwokZºu@vijkºu............................................................................cts gqbZA

e`rd dk uke
fyax e`R;q ds le; vk;q lkaf[;dh vfèkdkjh
ds ç;ksx ds fy,
o"kks± esa vk;q ;fn ,d o"kZ ekl esa vk;q ;fn ,d o"kZ fnuksa esa vk;q ;fn ,d ?k.Vksa esa vk;q ;fn
;k vfèkd ls de ekl ls de ,d fnu ls de
1- iq#"k
2- L=h
e`R;q dk dkj.k%& vkWu lSV vkSj e`R;q
ds eè; vUrjky
I rRdky dkj.k chekjh] {kfr ;k tfVyrk ¼d½ ……………………………………................... yxHkx
ftlls e`R;q gqbZ] fy[ksa] e`R;q dh jhfr tSls ds dkj.k ¼;k ds ifj.kkeLo:i½
fd ânikr] 'kfDr{kh.krk bR;kfn u nsaA
iwoZorhZ dkj.k #X.k ifjfLFkfr ;fn dksbZ
gks] mi;qZDr dkj.k dks c<+kus okyk vfUre
vèkksfyf[kr ifjfLFkfr fy[ksaA ¼[k½ ……………………………………...................
ds dkj.k ¼;k ds ifj.kkeLo:i½
II e`R;q dkfjr djus okys vU; lkFkZd
ifjfLFkfr ;k fdUrq chekjh ;k bls dkfjr
djus okys ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls lEc) u gksA ¼x½ ……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

e`R;q dk <ax ¼jhfr½ {kfr dSls gqbZ\


1- çkÑfrd 2- nq?kZVuk 3- vkRegR;k 4- ekuo gR;k 5- yfEcr tk¡p iM+rky ds nkSjku
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

e`r L=h Fkh] D;k e`R;q xHkkZoLFkk ls lEcfUèkr gS ;fn gk¡] rks D;k dksbZ izlwfr gqbZ gS\ ¼1½ gk¡ ¼2½ ugh
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

e`R;q dk dkj.k çekf.kr djus okys fpfdRlk vfèkdkjh dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj

lR;kiu dh rkjh[k.……………………………………………………………….....................
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

vuqns'kksa ds fy, foijhr nsa[ksa


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
¼vyx dj fn;k tk, vkSj e`rd ds fj'rsnkj dks ns fn;k tk,½

çekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fd Jh@Jherh@dq……………………………………….. iq=@iRuh@iq=h ………………................……………………………...

bl vLirky esa ……………………………………… dks nkf[ky gqvk@gqbZ…………………..................... dks e`R;q gqbZA …………………………………….

fpfdRld ………………………………………
¼fpfdRlk vèkh{kd] vLirky dk uke½
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 102

e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlk çek.k&i=


çk:i Hkjus ds fy, funsZ'k

e`rd dk uke%& uke iwjk fy[ksaA v|k{kjksa dk ç;ksx u djsaA ;fn e`rd f'k'kq gS vkSj e`R;q ds le; rd mldk ukedj.k ugha gqvk gS rks ¼iq= Jh½ iq=
;k ¼iq=h Jh½ iq=h ls iwoZ ekrk vkSj firk dk uke fy[ksaA

vk;q%& ;fn e`rd dh vk;q ,d o"kZ ls vfèkd gS rks vk;q iw.kZ o"kks± esa fy[ksaA ;fn ,d o"kZ ls de gS rks vk;q ekl esa fy[ksa vkSj ;fn ,d fnu ls de gS
rks ?kaVksa esa vk;q fy[ksaA

e`R;q dk dkj.k%& çk:i ds bl Hkkx dks lnk fpfdRld ifjpkjd }kjk Lo;a Hkjk tkuk pkfg,A e`R;q ds dkj.k dk çek.ki= nks Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr fd;k x;k
gS] Hkkx I vkSj Hkkx II dks iqu% rhu Hkkxksa es]a vFkkZr~ ykbu ¼d½] ¼[k½ vkSj ¼x½ esa foHkkftr fd;k x;k gSA ;fn ,d foÑr n'kk ls gh e`R;q dk dkj.k Li"V gks
tkrk gS rks og Hkkx I dh ykbu ¼d½ ij fy[kk tk,xk vkSj Hkkx I ;k Hkkx II esa vkSj dqN fy[kus dh vko';drk ugha gksxhA mnkgj.kkFkZ pspd] ikfy;qDr]
fueksfu;k] ânh; csjh&csjh vkfn e`R;q ds i;kZIr dkj.k gSa vkSj çk;% fdlh vU; mYys[k dh vko';drk ugha gksxhA

rFkkfi vDlj] e`R;q ds le; dbZ foÑr n'kk,¡ fo|eku gks ldrh gSa vkSj rc fpfdRld dks] çek.ki= mfpr jhfr ls Hkjuk pkfg, rkfd lgh vUrfuZfgr
dkj.k fudkyk tk ldsA çFker;k] e`R;q ds lk{kkr~ dkj.k dks Hkkx I ¼d½ esa ntZ dhft,A bldk bl ckr ls dksbZ lEcUèk ugha gS fd e`R;q dSls gqb]Z vFkkZr~
â|xfr #d dj] 'olu #d dj vkfn lsA ;s ckrsa çek.ki= esa fcYdqy ugha fy[kh tkuh pkfg,a D;ksfa d os e`R;q ds çdkj gSa u fd e`R;q ds dkj.kA rRi'pkr~
bl ckr ij fopkj fd;k tkuk pkfg, fd e`R;q dk lk{kkr~ dkj.k] fdlh vU; dkj.k dk tfVy vFkok foyfEcr ifj.kke rks ugha gSA ;fn gk¡ rks iwooZ rhZ dkj.k
dks Hkkx I esa ykbu ¼[k½ ij ntZ dhft,A dHkh&dHkh e`R;q gksus rd ?kVus okyh ?kVukvksa ds rhu çØe gks tkrs gSAa ;fn ,slk gksrk gS rks ykbu ¼x½ iw.kZ dh
tkuh pkfg,A lkj.kh;u fd, tkus okys vUrfuZfgr dkj.k dks Hkkx I esa vUr esa fy[kk tkuk pkfg,A

,slh foÑr n'kk,¡ ;k {kfr;k¡ fo|eku gks ldrh gSa tks ml ?kVukØe ls çR;{kr;k lEcfUèkr ugha gSa ftlds dkj.k e`R;q gqbZ gS fdUrq tks ?kkrd ifj.kke
esa fdlh çdkj ;ksxnk;h gSA dHkh&dHkh fpfdRld ds fy, ;g fofu'p; djuk dfBu gks tkrk gS] fo'ks"kr;k f'k'kqq&e`R;qvksa ds ekeyksa esa] fd dbZ i`Fkd
n'kkvksa esa ls e`R;q dk eq[; dkj.k dkSu lh n'kk gS fdUrq dsoy ,d gh dkj.k nsuk gksrk gS vr% fpfdRld dks dkj.k fofu'pr djuk pkfg,A ;fn vU;
jksx] vUrfuZfgr dkj.k dk ifj.kke ugha gS rks os Hkkx II esa ntZ fd, tk,axsA

,d gh iafDr esa nks ;k vfèkd dkj.k u fy[ksaA Ñi;k çek.ki= esa jksxksa ds uke iwjs vkSj lkQ&lkQ fy[ksa] ftlds dkj.k i<+us esa dksbZ =qfV lEHko u
gks ldsA

çkjEHk%& tgk¡ Hkh lEHko gks] çkjEHk vkSj e`R;q ds chp vUrjky dk LrEHk iwjk Hkfj,] Hkys gh mls yxHkx :i esa Hkfj, tSls fd ^tUe ls* dbZ o"kks± ls*A

nq?kZVuk ;k fgalk ls gqbZ e`R;q%& pksV dk cká dkj.k vkSj pksV dk Lo:i nksuksa vko';d gSa vkSj mudk o.kZu fd;k tkuk pkfg,A fpfdRld ;k
vLirky dks] {kfr dk o.kZu] djuk pkfg,A ;g o.kZu fd;k tkuk pkfg, fd 'kjhj ds fdl Hkkx dks {kfr igqaph gS] vkSj ;fn n'kkZ;k x;k gS rks cká
dkj.k dk iw.kZr;k mYys[k fd;k tk,A mnkgj.k%& 1 ¼d½ gkbiksLVsfVd fueksfu;k] ¼[k½ Qhej dh xzhok ds vfLFkHkax] ¼x½ ?kj ls lh<+h ls fxjukA

ekr`&e`R;q%& xHkkZoLFkk vkSj çlo lEcUèkh ç'uksa dk mÙkj vo'; nhft,A ;g lwpuk xHkZèkkj.k djus ;ksX; vk;q dh lHkh fL=;ksa ds fy, vko';d gS] pkgs
xHkZ dk e`R;q ls dksbZ lEcUèk u jgk gksA

o`)koLFkk ;k o`)Ro%& ;fn dksbZ vfèkd fof'k"V dkj.k Kkr gS rks o`)koLFkk ¼;k o`)Ro½ dks e`R;q dk dkj.k ugha crk;k tkuk pkfg,A ;fn o`)oLFkk ,d
;ksxnk;h rF; gS rks mldk mYys[k Hkkx II esa fd;k tkuk pkfg,A

mnkgj.k%& ¼d½ iqjkuk czksadkbfVl] II & o`)koLFkkA

lwpuk dh iw.kZrk%& jksxh dk iw.kZ o`r okafNr ugha gS] fdUrq ;fn tkudkjh miyCèk gS] rks vUrfuZfgr dkj.kksa dks mfpr :i esa oxhZÑr djus ds fy,
i;kZIr C;kSjk fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

mnkgj.k%& jDrkYirk & ;fn Kkr gS rks jDrkYirk dk çdkj crkb,A tc Hkh lEHko gks uonzO; nf'kZr dh nqnZe] vkSj mldk LFky] çkFkfed uonzO;
ds LFky lfgr] ân; jksx n'kk dk fofufnZ"V :i ls o.kZu dhft,] ;fn jDr :d xbZ gS rks iqjkuk ¼ØkWfud½ ;k iqyeksusy vkfn dk mYys[k fd;k
tk,] iwoZorhZ n'kkvksa dk o.kZu dhft,A fVVusl iwoZorhZ {kfr dk o.kZu dhft,A vkWijs'ku&og n'kk fyf[k, ftlds dkj.k vkWijs'ku fd;k x;k gSA
vfrlkj ¼isfp'k½ & fofufnZ"V dhft, fd og cslhfy;jh gS ;k vehch vkfnA xHkkZoLFkk ;k çlo dh tfVyrk,¡ & tfVyrk dk o.kZu dhft,A {k; jksx
fofufnZ"Vr;k ¼Vh-ch-½ çHkkfor vaxksa dk uke nhft,A

y{kf.kd dFku%& ejksM+] laxzgj.k] Toj] ,lkbVhl] ihfy;k] v'kDrrk vkfn ,sls y{k.k gSa tks dbZ fofHkUu n'kkvksa esa ls fdlh ,d ds dkj.k fo|eku gks
ldrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh blls vfèkd dqN Kkr ugha gksrk gS] fdUrq ;fn lEHko gks] rks ml jksx dk uke nhft, ftlls og y{k.k mRiUu gqvk gSA

e`R;q dk dk izdkj%& ;fn e`R;q fcuk ckº; dkj.k gS rks bldks izkd`fr ¼lkekU;½ e`R;q vafdr fd;k tk,A ;fn e`R;q dk dkj.k izdV gks ijUrq ;g
tkudkjh ugha gks fd e`R;q] nq?kZVuk] vkRegR;k ;k ekuo }kjk gR;k ls gS rFkk ;g vkxs vUos"k.k dk fo"k; gS rks eqR;q ds dkj.k vifjorZuh; :i ls Hkjk
tk, vkSj e`R;q dh jhfr dks ^vUos"k.k yfEcr* :i ls n'kkZ;k tk,A
103 vuqyXud V

çi= la- 4 ¼d½


¼fu;e 7 ns[ksa½
e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlk çek.k&i=
¼xSj laLFkkxr e`R;q ds fy,] e`r tUe ds fy, mi;ksx esa u yk;k tk,½
çk:i la[;k% 2 ¼e`R;q fjiksVZ½ ds lkFk jftLVªkj dks Hkstk tk,

eSa ,rr~}kjk çekf.kr djrk gw¡ fd e`r Jh@Jherh@dqekjh ……………………………………iq=@iRuh@iq=h................................ ls.............................rd


esjs mipkjkèkhu Fkk@Fkh vkSj mldh……………..............................dks....................................................iwokZà@vijkà e`R;q gqbZA

e`rd dk uke
fyax e`R;q ds le; vk;q lkaf[;dh vfèkdkjh
ds ç;ksx ds fy,
o"kks± esa vk;q ;fn ,d o"kZ ekl esa vk;q ;fn ,d o"kZ fnuksa esa vk;q ;fn ,d ?k.Vksa esa vk;q ;fn
;k vfèkd ls de ekl ls de ,d fnu ls de
1- iq#"k
2- L=h
e`R;q dk dkj.k%& vkWu lSV vkSj e`R;q
ds eè; vUrjky
I rRdky dkj.k chekjh] {kfr ;k tfVyrk ¼d½ ……………………………………................... yxHkx
ftlls e`R;q gqbZ] fy[ksa] e`R;q dh jhfr tSls ds dkj.k ¼;k ds ifj.kkeLo:i½
fd ânikr] 'kfDr{kh.krk bR;kfn u nsaA
iwoZorhZ dkj.k #X.k ifjfLFkfr ;fn dksbZ
gks] mi;qZDr dkj.k dks c<+kus okyk vfUre
vèkksfyf[kr ifjfLFkfr fy[ksaA ¼[k½ ……………………………………...................
ds dkj.k ¼;k ds ifj.kkeLo:i½
II e`R;q dkfjr djus okys vU; lkFkZd
ifjfLFkfr ;k fdUrq chekjh ;k bls dkfjr
djus okys ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls lEc) u gksA ¼x½ ……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

e`r L=h Fkh] D;k e`R;q xHkkZoLFkk ls lEcfUèkr gS ;fn gk¡] rks D;k dksbZ çlwfr gqbZ gS\ ¼1½ gk¡ ¼2½ ugha
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

e`R;q dk dkj.k çekf.kr djus okys fpfdRlk vfèkdkjh dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj

lR;kiu dh rkjh[k.……………………………………………………………….....................
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

e`R;q dk dkj.k çekf.kr djus okys fpfdRlk vfèkdkjh dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj

lR;kiu dh rkjh[k.……………………………………………………………….....................
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

vuqns'kksa ds fy, foijhr nsa[ksa


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
¼vyx dj fn;k tk, vkSj e`rd ds fj'rsnkj dks ns fn;k tk,½

çekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fd Jh@Jherh@dq……………………………………….. iq=@iRuh@iq=h ………………................……………………………...........

oklh……………………………………… bl vLirky esa ……………………………………… dks nkf[ky gqvk@gqbZ…………………..................... dks e`R;q gqbZA

fpfdRld ………………………………………
¼fpfdRlk vèkh{kd ds gLrk{kj ,oa irk½
jftLVsª'ku la[;k ---------------------------------------
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 104

e`R;q ds dkj.k dk fpfdRlk çek.k&i=


çk:i Hkjus ds fy, funsZ'k

e`rd dk uke%& uke iwjk fy[ksaA v|k{kjksa dk ç;ksx u djsaA ;fn e`rd f'k'kq gS vkSj e`R;q ds le; rd mldk ukedj.k ugha gqvk gS rks ¼iq= Jh½ iq=
;k ¼iq=h Jh½ iq=h ls iwoZ ekrk vkSj firk dk uke fy[ksaA

vk;q%& ;fn e`rd dh vk;q ,d o"kZ ls vfèkd gS rks vk;q iw.kZ o"kks± esa fy[ksaA ;fn ,d o"kZ ls de gS rks vk;q ekl esa fy[ksa vkSj ;fn ,d fnu ls de gS
rks ?kaVksa esa vk;q fy[ksaA

e`R;q dk dkj.k%& çk:i ds bl Hkkx dks lnk fpfdRld ifjpkjd }kjk Lo;a Hkjk tkuk pkfg,A e`R;q ds dkj.k dk çek.ki= nks Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr fd;k x;k
gS] Hkkx I vkSj Hkkx II dks iqu% rhu Hkkxksa es]a vFkkZr~ ykbu ¼d½] ¼[k½ vkSj ¼x½ esa foHkkftr fd;k x;k gSA ;fn ,d foÑr n'kk ls gh e`R;q dk dkj.k Li"V gks
tkrk gS rks og Hkkx I dh ykbu ¼d½ ij fy[kk tk,xk vkSj Hkkx I ;k Hkkx II esa vkSj dqN fy[kus dh vko';drk ugha gksxhA mnkgj.kkFkZ pspd] ikfy;qDr]
fueksfu;k] ânh; csjh&csjh vkfn e`R;q ds i;kZIr dkj.k gSa vkSj çk;% fdlh vU; mYys[k dh vko';drk ugha gksxhA

rFkkfi vDlj] e`R;q ds le; dbZ foÑr n'kk,¡ fo|eku gks ldrh gSa vkSj rc fpfdRld dks] çek.ki= mfpr jhfr ls Hkjuk pkfg, rkfd lgh vUrfuZfgr
dkj.k fudkyk tk ldsA çFker;k] e`R;q ds lk{kkr~ dkj.k dks Hkkx I ¼d½ esa ntZ dhft,A bldk bl ckr ls dksbZ lEcUèk ugha gS fd e`R;q dSls gqb]Z vFkkZr~
â|xfr #d dj] 'olu #d dj vkfn lsA ;s ckrsa çek.ki= esa fcYdqy ugha fy[kh tkuh pkfg,a D;ksfa d os e`R;q ds çdkj gSa u fd e`R;q ds dkj.kA rRi'pkr~
bl ckr ij fopkj fd;k tkuk pkfg, fd e`R;q dk lk{kkr~ dkj.k] fdlh vU; dkj.k dk tfVy vFkok foyfEcr ifj.kke rks ugha gSA ;fn gk¡ rks iwooZ rhZ dkj.k
dks Hkkx I esa ykbu ¼[k½ ij ntZ dhft,A dHkh&dHkh e`R;q gksus rd ?kVus okyh ?kVukvksa ds rhu çØe gks tkrs gSAa ;fn ,slk gksrk gS rks ykbu ¼x½ iw.kZ dh
tkuh pkfg,A lkj.kh;u fd, tkus okys vUrfuZfgr dkj.k dks Hkkx I esa vUr esa fy[kk tkuk pkfg,A

,slh foÑr n'kk,¡ ;k {kfr;k¡ fo|eku gks ldrh gSa tks ml ?kVukØe ls çR;{kr;k lEcfUèkr ugha gSa ftlds dkj.k e`R;q gqbZ gS fdUrq tks ?kkrd ifj.kke
esa fdlh çdkj ;ksxnk;h gSA dHkh&dHkh fpfdRld ds fy, ;g fofu'p; djuk dfBu gks tkrk gS] fo'ks"kr;k f'k'kqq&e`R;qvksa ds ekeyksa esa] fd dbZ i`Fkd
n'kkvksa esa ls e`R;q dk eq[; dkj.k dkSu lh n'kk gS fdUrq dsoy ,d gh dkj.k nsuk gksrk gS vr% fpfdRld dks dkj.k fofu'pr djuk pkfg,A ;fn vU;
jksx] vUrfuZfgr dkj.k dk ifj.kke ugha gS rks os Hkkx II esa ntZ fd, tk,axsA

,d gh iafDr esa nks ;k vfèkd dkj.k u fy[ksaA Ñi;k çek.ki= esa jksxksa ds uke iwjs vkSj lkQ&lkQ fy[ksa] ftlds dkj.k i<+us esa dksbZ =qfV lEHko u
gks ldsA

çkjEHk%& tgk¡ Hkh lEHko gks] çkjEHk vkSj e`R;q ds chp vUrjky dk LrEHk iwjk Hkfj,] Hkys gh mls yxHkx :i esa Hkfj, tSls fd ^tUe ls* dbZ o"kks± ls*A

nq?kZVuk ;k fgalk ls gqbZ e`R;q%& pksV dk cká dkj.k vkSj pksV dk Lo:i nksuksa vko';d gSa vkSj mudk o.kZu fd;k tkuk pkfg,A fpfdRld ;k
vLirky dks] {kfr dk o.kZu] djuk pkfg,A ;g o.kZu fd;k tkuk pkfg, fd 'kjhj ds fdl Hkkx dks {kfr igqaph gS] vkSj ;fn n'kkZ;k x;k gS rks cká
dkj.k dk iw.kZr;k mYys[k fd;k tk,A mnkgj.k%& 1 ¼d½ gkbiksLVsfVd fueksfu;k] ¼[k½ Qhej dh xzhok ds vfLFkHkax] ¼x½ ?kj ls lh<+h ls fxjukA

ekr`&e`R;q%& xHkkZoLFkk vkSj çlo lEcUèkh ç'uksa dk mÙkj vo'; nhft,A ;g lwpuk xHkZèkkj.k djus ;ksX; vk;q dh lHkh fL=;ksa ds fy, vko';d gS] pkgs
xHkZ dk e`R;q ls dksbZ lEcUèk u jgk gksA

o`)koLFkk ;k o`)Ro%& ;fn dksbZ vfèkd fof'k"V dkj.k Kkr gS rks o`)koLFkk ¼;k o`)Ro½ dks e`R;q dk dkj.k ugha crk;k tkuk pkfg,A ;fn o`)oLFkk ,d
;ksxnk;h rF; gS rks mldk mYys[k Hkkx II esa fd;k tkuk pkfg,A

mnkgj.k%& ¼d½ iqjkuk czksadkbfVl] II & o`)koLFkkA

lwpuk dh iw.kZrk%& jksxh dk iw.kZ o`r okafNr ugha gS] fdUrq ;fn tkudkjh miyCèk gS] rks vUrfuZfgr dkj.kksa dks mfpr :i esa oxhZÑr djus ds fy,
i;kZIr C;kSjk fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

mnkgj.k%& jDrkYirk & ;fn Kkr gS rks jDrkYirk dk çdkj crkb,A tc Hkh lEHko gks uonzO; nf'kZr dh nqnZe] vkSj mldk LFky] çkFkfed uonzO;
ds LFky lfgr] ân; jksx n'kk dk fofufnZ"V :i ls o.kZu dhft,] ;fn jDr :d xbZ gS rks iqjkuk ¼ØkWfud½ ;k iqyeksusy vkfn dk mYys[k fd;k
tk,] iwoZorhZ n'kkvksa dk o.kZu dhft,A fVVusl iwoZorhZ {kfr dk o.kZu dhft,A vkWijs'ku&og n'kk fyf[k, ftlds dkj.k vkWijs'ku fd;k x;k gSA
vfrlkj ¼isfp'k½ & fofufnZ"V dhft, fd og cslhfy;jh gS ;k vehch vkfnA xHkkZoLFkk ;k çlo dh tfVyrk,¡ & tfVyrk dk o.kZu dhft,A {k; jksx
fofufnZ"Vr;k ¼Vh-ch-½ çHkkfor vaxksa dk uke nhft,A

y{kf.kd dFku%& ejksM+] laxzgj.k] Toj] ,lkbVhl] ihfy;k] v'kDrrk vkfn ,sls y{k.k gSa tks dbZ fofHkUu n'kkvksa esa ls fdlh ,d ds dkj.k fo|eku gks
ldrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh blls vfèkd dqN Kkr ugha gksrk gS] fdUrq ;fn lEHko gks] rks ml jksx dk uke nhft, ftlls og y{k.k mRiUu gqvk gSA

e`R;q dk dk izdkj%& ;fn e`R;q fcuk ckº; dkj.k gS rks bldks izkd`fr ¼lkekU;½ e`R;q vafdr fd;k tk,A ;fn e`R;q dk dkj.k izdV gks ijUrq ;g
tkudkjh ugha gks fd e`R;q] nq?kZVuk] vkRegR;k ;k ekuo }kjk gR;k ls gS rFkk ;g vkxs vUos"k.k dk fo"k; gS rks eqR;q ds dkj.k vifjorZuh; :i ls Hkjk
tk, vkSj e`R;q dh jhfr dks ^vUos"k.k yfEcr* :i ls n'kkZ;k tk,A
105 vuqyXud V

State
Govt.
Emblem

¼tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 dh /kkjk 12@17 rFkk----------------------------------------------------------------¼jkT; dk uke½ tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k fu;e]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ¼la'kksf/kr fu;e dks vf/klwfpr fd, tkus dk o"kZ½ ds fu;e 8@13 ds varxZr tkjh fd;k x;k½

(Issued under Section 12/17 of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 and Rule 8/13 of the ..............................................................

................................(Name of State) Registration of Births and Deaths Rules ............................................... (year of notifying the revised rules)

;g çekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fuEufyf[kr lwpuk tUe ds ewy ys[k ls yh xbZ gS tks fd ¼LFkkuh; {ks=½---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

rglhy------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ftyk ------------------------------------------------------------------------ jkT; --------------------------------------------------------------

ds jftLVj esa mfYyf[kr gSA


This is to certify that the following information has been taken from the original record of birth which is the register for (local area/local

body) ............................................................. of tahsil/block ............................................................. of District .........................................................

of State/Union territory ......................................................................................

uke / Name: ....................................................................................................... fyax / Sex ..........................................................................

tUe dh frfFk / Date of Birth …..………............................................................. tUe dk LFkku / Place of Birth.........................................

ekrk dk uke / Name of Mother ........................................................................

firk dk uke / Name of Father ..........................................................................

cPps ds tUe ds le; ekrk firk dk irk@ ekrk firk dk LFkk;h irk@
Address of the parents at the time of birth of the child: Permanent address of the parents:

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

iathdj.k la[;k / Registration No : ................................. iathdj.k fnuk¡d / Date of Registration...........................

fVIi.kh / Remarks (if any).................................................

tkjh djus dh frfFk / Date of issue:.................................................................. çkf/kdkjh ds gLrk{kj / Signature of the issuing authority

çkf/kdkjh dk irk / Address of the issuing authority

eksgj / Seal
çR;sd tUe ,oe~ e`R;q dk iathdj.k lqfuf”pr djsa / “Ensure registration of every birth and death
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 106

State
Govt.
Emblem

¼tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vf/kfu;e] 1969 dh /kkjk 12@17 rFkk----------------------------------------------------------------¼jkT; dk uke½ tUe e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k fu;e]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ¼la'kksf/kr fu;e dks vf/klwfpr fd, tkus dk o"kZ½ ds fu;e 8@13 ds varxZr tkjh fd;k x;k½

(Issued under Section 12/17 of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 and Rule 8/13 of the ..............................................................

................................(Name of State) Registration of Births and Deaths Rules ............................................... (year of notifying the revised rules)

;g çekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fuEufyf[kr lwpuk e`R;q ds ewy ys[k ls yh xbZ gS tks fd ¼LFkkuh; {ks=½---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

rglhy------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ftyk ------------------------------------------------------------------------ jkT; --------------------------------------------------------------

ds jftLVj esa mfYyf[kr gSA


This is to certify that the following information has been taken from the original record of Death which is the register for (local area/local

body) ............................................................. of tahsil/block ............................................................. of District .........................................................

of State/Union territory ......................................................................................

uke / Name: ....................................................................................................... fyax / Sex ..........................................................................

e`R;q dh frfFk / Date of Death …..………............................................................ e`R;q dk LFkku / Place of Death.........................................

ekrk dk uke / Name of Mother ........................................................................

firk/ifr dk uke / Name of Father/Husband ..........................................................................

e`rd ds e`R;q ds le; dk irk@ e`rd dk LFkk;h irk@


Address of the deceased at the time of death: Permanent address of the deceased:

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

........................................................................................... ...........................................................................................

iathdj.k la[;k / Registration No : ................................. iathdj.k fnuk¡d / Date of Registration...........................

fVIi.kh / Remarks (if any).................................................

tkjh djus dh frfFk / Date of issue:.................................................................. çkf/kdkjh ds gLrk{kj / Signature of the issuing authority

çkf/kdkjh dk irk / Address of the issuing authority

eksgj / Seal
çR;sd tUe ,oe~ e`R;q dk iathdj.k lqfuf”pr djsa / “Ensure registration of every birth and death
107 vuqyXud V

çk:i Øekad 7
¼fu;e 12 nsf[k,½

tUe jftLVj
çk:i Øekad & 1
tUe fjiksVZ 

fofèkd lwpuk,a

¼lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk½


1. tUe dh frfFk% ¼cPps ds tUe dk lgh fnu] ekg ,oa o"kZ vafdr djsa tSls 1&1&2000½

2. fyax% ¼efgyk ;k iq#"k vafdr djsa] laf{kIr esa ugha½

3. uotkr f'k'kq dk uke] ;fn dksbZ gks%


¼uke u gksus ij [kkyh LFkku NksM+sa½

4. firk dk uke%
¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½

5. ekrk dk uke%
¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½

6. cPps ds tUe ds le; ekrk&firk dk irk%

7. ekrk&firk ds LFkk;h fuokl dk irk%

8. tUe dk LFkku% ¼1 vFkok 2 ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a rFkk vLirky@laLFkku dk uke@irk ,oa tgka tUe gqvk gks ml ?kj
dk irk½

1- vLirky@laLFkk uke%


2-
?kj irk%

9.
lwpuknkrk dk uke%
irk%

fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds vaxwBs dk fu'kku

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%

iathdj.k bdkbZ%

'kgj@xzke% ftyk%

fVIi.kh ¼;fn dksbZ gks½

jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj


Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 108

çk:i Øekad 8
¼fu;e 12 nsf[k,½

e`R;q jftLVj
çk:i Øekad & 2
e`R;q fjiksVZ 

fofèkd lwpuk,a

¼lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk½


1. e`R;q dh frfFk% ¼e`R;q dk lgh fnu] ekg ,oa o"kZ vafdr djsa tSls 1&1&2000½

2. e`rd dk uke% ¼iw.kZ tSls lkekU;r% fy[kk tkrk gS½

3. e`rd dk fyax% ¼efgyk ;k iq#"k vafdr djsa] laf{kIr esa ugha½

4. ekrk dk uke%

5. firk@ifr dk uke%

6. e`rd dh vk;q% ¼;fn e`rd dh vk;q 1 o"kZ ls vfèkd gks rks vk;q iw.kZ o"kks± esa nsa] ;fn e`rd dh vk;q 1 o"kZ ls de gks rks iw.kZ eghuksa
esa ns ,oa ;fn vk;q 1 ekg ls de gks rks iw.kZ fnolksa esa nsa rFkk ;fn vk;q 1 fnu ls de gks rks iw.kZ ?kaVksa esa nsa½

7. e`R;q ds le; e`rd dk irk%

8. e`rd dk LFkkbZ irk%

9. e`R;q dk LFkku% ¼1 vFkok 2 ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a rFkk vLirky@laLFkku dk uke@irk ,oa tgka e`R;q gqbZ gks ml ?kj dk irk½

1- vLirky@laLFkk uke%


2-
?kj% irk%

3- vU; LFkku

10. lwpuknkrk dk uke%


irk%

fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds vaxwBs dk fu'kku

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%

iathdj.k bdkbZ%

'kgj@xzke% ftyk%

fVIi.kh ¼;fn dksbZ gks½

jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj


109 vuqyXud V

çk:i Øekad 9
¼fu;e 12 nsf[k,½

e`r tUe jftLVj


çk:i Øekad & 3
e`r tUe fjiksVZ 

fofèkd lwpuk,a

¼lwpuk nsus okys }kjk Hkjk tk,xk½


1. tUe dh frfFk% ¼lgh fnu] ekl o o"kZ fy[ksa½%

2. fyax% iq#"k@L=h ¼laf{kIr esa ugha½%

3. firk dk uke%
¼iw.kZ tSls fy[kk tkrk gS½

4. ekrk dk uke%
¼iw.kZ tSls fy[kk tkr gS½%

5. tUe dk LFkku% uhps n'kkZ, x, LFkkuksa esa ls tgka ij gks ml ij lgh dk fu'kku yxk,a ¼vLirky@laLFkk dk uke mYys[k djsa] ?kj
dk irk ;k LFkku ;fn vU; gks rks fLFkfr½%

1- vLirky@laLFkk uke%


2-
?kj% irk%

6.
lwpuknkrk dk uke%
irk%

fnukad% lwpuk nsus okys ds gLrk{kj ;k ck,a gkFk ds vaxwBs dk fu'kku

jftLVªkj }kjk Hkjk tkuk gS

iathdj.k la[;k% iathdj.k dh fnukad%

iathdj.k bdkbZ%

'kgj@xzke% ftyk%
fVIi.kh ¼;fn dksbZ gks½

jftLVªkj dk uke vkSj gLrk{kj

fnuk¡d
Hkkjr esa flfoy jftLVªhdj.k dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, 110

çk:i Øekad 10
¼fu;e 13 nsf[k,½

vuqiyCèkrk izek.ki=
¼tUe vkSj e`R;q jftLVªhdj.k vfèkfu;e] 1969 dh èkkjk 17 vèkhu tkjh fd;k x;k½

;g izekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fd Jh@Jherh@dqekjh………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………....................

.................................................................... iq=@iRuh@iq=h Jh …………..……………………………………………..........................................................

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https://www.censusindia.gov.in
1

2012
TRAINING MANUAL
for Civil Registration
Functionaries in India

Office of the Registrar General, India


Ministry of Home Affairs
Government of India, New Delhi
2012
TRAINING MANUAL
for Civil Registration
Functionaries in India

Office of the Registrar General, India


Ministry of Home Affairs
Government of India, New Delhi
CONTENTS

Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 05

Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06

How to use this manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 07

Chapter – 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08
Historical background of the Civil Registration in India
Objectives and Uses of Civil Registration
Registration Hierarchy
Why this Manual
Who will be benefitted
Key Messages

Chapter – 2 The Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


The RBD Act, 1969: At a glance
Salient features / Provisions of the Act
Revamping of the Civil Registration System
Initiatives taken to extend the scope of RBD Act, 1969
Key Messages

Chapter – 3 Roles and Responsibilities of CRS Functionaries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24


Roles and Responsibilities of Civil Registration Functionaries
Guidelines for Registrars and Sub – Registrars
Establishing Office of the Registrar / Sub-Registrar
Registration of Births, Still births and Deaths
Informants
Notifiers
Registration Procedures
Powers of Registrars
Medical Certification of Causes of Death
Registration of Births and Deaths in different situations
Maintenance of Records and Statistics
Ensuring 100% Registration
Key Messages
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 04

Guidelines for District and Additional District Registrars


Key Messages
Guidelines for Chief Registrars, Additional and Deputy Chief Registrars
Submission of Annual Reports
Key Messages

Annexures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Annexure I Registration of Birth and Death Act, 1969
Annexure II Model Registration of Birth and Death Rules, 1999
Annexure III Instructions for filling up of Birth Report, Death Report and Still Birth Report Forms
Annexure IV Instructions for filling up Birth Report Form for Adopted Child
Annexure V CRS Forms
05

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This training manual for Civil Registration System functionaries has been developed by the Office
of the Registrar General of India, New Delhi through the Indian Institute of Health Management
Research (IIHMR), Jaipur and with the support of UNICEF, New Delhi. The manual has been pre-
tested and suitably modified on the basis of feedbacks received from the participants – District /
Additional District Registrars, Registrars and Sub Registrars, in the workshops organized for the
purpose during May and June, 2012.

Office of the Registrar General of India acknowledges the valuable inputs from the following
individuals and institutions in bringing out this training manual:

Technical inputs:
Dr. Nutan Jain, IIHMR, Jaipur; K.D. Maiti, Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist and Shantanu
Gupta, Monitoring & Evaluation Officer, UNICEF, New Delhi; Bhaskar Mishra, Deputy Registrar
General (SRS) and P A Mini, Deputy Registrar General (CRS), ORGI, New Delhi; Ajay Khanna, Deputy
Director, ORGI, New Delhi; A K Saxena, Sr. Consultant (CRS), New Delhi; R.K. Gautam, Senior
Research Officer, ORGI, New Delhi; S. D. Gupta, L P Singh and Suresh Joshi, IIHMR, Jaipur; Kuldeep
Bhatnagar, Deputy Chief Registrar, Government of Rajasthan; Jagat Mathur, Statistical Assistant,
Government of Rajasthan; and Dipeshkumar Dave; Consultant (CRS), Government of Gujarat.

Review of the manual:


Shri N.C. Subarmaniyan, Ex-Joint Chief Registrar, Government of Tamil Nadu.

Field testing of the manual:


Chief Registrar of Births and Deaths, Government of Delhi and Chief Registrar of Births and Deaths,
Government of Rajasthan.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 06

PREFACE

The Civil Registration System, which enables the continuous and permanent recording of births and
deaths under a statutory regime is more than a century old in India. It was in 1969 that a Central
Act known as the Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969 was enacted to overcome the
then prevalent diverse legal provisions for registration of births and deaths in the country. The Act
unified the system of registration throughout the country and made registration of births and
deaths compulsory. It also defined the procedures, machinery, principles, personnel and penalties
connected with the enforcement of the Act.

To ensure that the registration of Births and Deaths is carried out in the country as per the RBD
Act, it would be necessary that persons engaged with the registration work are fully conversant with
the provisions in the Act and the Rules made there under from time to time. This ‘CRS Manual’ has
been prepared to fulfill the aforesaid objective and is expected to familiarize the entire gamut of CRS
officials of their roles and responsibilities and provide guidelines that would help them discharge
their duties.

I take this opportunity to extend my sincere thanks to the Institute of Health Management Research
(IIHMR), Jaipur for the commendable work done in preparation of this Manual. In particular, I would
like to record appreciation of efforts put in by Ms. Nutan Jain, Associate Professor and S/Sh. S.D.
Gupta, L.P. Singh and Suresh Joshi of IIHMR in bringing out this manual. My appreciation and thanks
are also due to Shri Bhaskar Mishra, Deputy Registrar General (SRS), Ms. P.A. Mini, Deputy Registrar
General (CRS), Shri Ajay Khanna, Deputy Director and Shri A.K. Saxena, Sr. Consultant who provided
committed subject matter support and guidance to IIHMR under the overall guidance of Dr. R.C.
Sethi, Additional Registrar General, India. Thanks are also due to all those who extended support in
translation of the Manual into different Indian languages and in getting the Manual printed. Last but
not the least, my sincere thanks are due to the UNICEF, Delhi Office and S/Sh. K.D. Maiti, Planning,
Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist and Shantanu Gupta, Monitoring and Evaluation Officer, UNICEF
in particular for their dedicated support in bringing out this Manual.

New Delhi Dr. C. Chandramouli


July, 2012 Registrar General, India
07

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL?

This manual comprises of THREE chapters viz.:


Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: The RBD Act, 1969
Chapter 3: Roles and Responsibilities of CRS Functionaries

A set of Annexure have been appended towards the end of the Manual:
Annexure I Registration of Birth and Death Act, 1969
Annexure II Model Registration of Birth and Death Rules, 1999
Annexure III Instructions for filling up of Birth Report, Death Report and Still Birth Report Forms
Annexure IV Instructions for filling up Birth Report Form for Adopted Child
Annexure V CRS Forms

Chapter 1 besides introducing Civil Registration System traces its history in India, the Registration
hierarchy and outlines the objective with which the manual has been prepared.

Chapter 2 presents a bird’s eye view of the RBD Act, 1969.

Chapter 3 discusses the Roles and Responsibilities of registration functionaries at the Centre and
the States / UTs as spelt out under the Act. This Chapter is further divided into three sub-chapters
wherein guidelines for the State and sub-State level Registration functionaries for effective discharge
of their duties have been discussed:
3.A Guidelines for Registrars and Sub-Registrars
3.B Guidelines for District and Additional District Registrars
3.C Guidelines for Chief Registrars and Additional Chief Registrar

The sub-chapters include, the best practices adopted in some of the states / UTs in discharge of
provisions of the Act least these may be replicated in other States / UTs, if found relevant. Further,
some important clarifications based on the frequently asked questions have also been included,
wherever required. At the end of each Chapter / sub-Chapter key messages have been given.

Contact Information:
Should you have any doubts or want some clarification, please feel free to send the same at the
following address: drg-crs.rgi@nic.in

To keep abreast with what is happening in CRS please visit ORGI’s Website at
http://www.censusindia.gov.in
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 08

Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION

Registration of each Birth and


Death is compulsory
09 Chapter 1

Births and Deaths are the two most important vital events that
define life of an individual. Not only do they describe the legal
existence of an individual, registration of these events is a
source of basic vital data of the population to which they belong.
Civil Registration is a continuous, permanent and compulsory
recording of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events,
such as, births, deaths, marriages, foetal deaths and divorces
and statistics based thereon is termed as Vital Statistics.
However, in so far as this manual is concerned, civil registration
relates to registration of births, stillbirth and deaths alone.

1.1 Vital Statistics including Registration of Births and Deaths at Sl. No. 30


falls under Concurrent List of the Constitution of India.

1.2 The Government of India, as a signatory to the UN Convention on Child


Rights, 1989, has the obligation to ensure registration of every birth.

1.3 Registration of Births, Deaths and Still births in India is mandatory with
the enactment of Registration of Births and Death Act (RBD Act), 1969 and
is done as per place of occurrence of the event. The precise definition of
birth, still birth and death under the Act, is given in the subsequent Chapter.

1.4 Prior to enactment of the RBD Act, the registration practices and
procedures in different parts of the country varied widely in the absence
of uniform legal provisions. The Act of 1969 enforced a uniform law for
registration that extends to the whole country.

1.5 You, as a registration functionary, are the backbone of the Civil


Registration System (CRS) and have an important role to play to keep the
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 10

system running. This manual has specially been designed to familiarize


you with the system, the registration processes, and your role per se in
the system. It will also be a reference guide to help you perform your
duties better.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CIVIL REGISTRATION


SYSTEM (CRS) IN INDIA

Registration of Births 1.6 The history of CRS in India dates back to the middle of the 19th
and Deaths Act, century. It started with the registration of deaths with a view to
1969 was enforced introducing sanitary reforms for control of pestilence and diseases
in most of the States rather than for studying population control. Very little was however said
from April 1, 1970. with regard to births.
The Act set at rest the
varying registration 1.7 The erstwhile Central Province of Berar was the solitary example
procedures prevalent which introduced registration of births as early as 1866.
in the country and
enforced a uniform 1.8 An important landmark in the development of vital statistics in India
law for compulsory was the stress laid by the Indian Famine Commission (1880) on the
registration of importance of these statistics. It was pointed out that the registration
Births, Deaths and of births and deaths should be made legally obligatory in villages as
Stillbirths. well as in towns and the regular monthly publication of the main vital
statistics should be enforced. It was, however, only in 1886 that a
Central Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act was promulgated
to provide for voluntary registration throughout British India. This Act
was not to affect any law on the subject already in force or which might
be passed subsequently for any particular local area and therefore had
only limited force.

1.9 In the absence of uniform legal provisions, the registration practices


and procedures varied widely in different parts of the country. The
position was made more complex by the reorganization of States in
1956. It was against this background of multiplicity of Acts and Rules
governing civil registration in various parts of the country that a Central
legislation on the subject was considered necessary to bring about
improvement in the system. Accordingly, the Registrar General, India in
April, 1961 called for a Conference on Improvement of Vital Statistics
which recommended early enactment of a Central law on compulsory
registration of Births and Deaths. Subsequently, the Registration of
Births and Deaths bill was introduced and passed by both Houses of
Parliament. The bill received assent of the President on May 31, 1969
11 Chapter 1

after which it was notified in the Gazette of India Extraordinary, Part II


Section I, on June 2, 1969.

1.10 The Registration of Births and Deaths Act (RBD Act), 1969 was
enforced in most of the States in the country from April 1, 1970 and in
other States / Union Territories thereafter.

1.11 To carry out provisions of the Act, the Registrar General, India in
consultation with the Union Law Ministry, framed Model Rules (1970)
providing the Forms and procedures to be adopted for registration.
Subsequently the States, in accordance with the Model Rules, made
State Rules to carry out the provisions of the RBD Act in the States.

1.12 The Office of the Registrar General, India (ORGI) undertook


a comprehensive review of the statistical functions of the CRS in
1999 and revamped the system of registration of births and deaths.
Under the revamped system, a new set of Model Rules were framed
and provided to the State Governments for framing the revised
State Rules on the lines of the Model Rules. The new set of Rules
came into force in most of the States and Union Territories from
01.01.2000 (Annexure II).

OBJECTIVES AND USES OF CIVIL REGISTRATION

1.13 The CRS has a three-fold objective:


i. Legal
ii. Administrative, and
iii. Statistical
These are detailed in the box.

Legal and • Birth registration records provide legal proof of place of birth and date of birth
Protective Uses • Death registration record required for settlement of inheritance, insurance claims etc.
for Individuals • Have evidentiary value under Indian Evidence Act, 1872
Administrative • A legal register of locality wise births and deaths
Uses • Main source of information on mortality, causes of death, to facilitate health
planning, etc.
Statistical Uses • Source of demographic data for socio-economic planning, development of health systems
and population control
• Data on fertility and mortality is essential in understanding the trends in population
growth and is used for population projections
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 12

Some of the uses of birth and death registration certificates are as


under. The list is, however, only indicative and not exhaustive:

Uses of birth certificate:


¡ For deriving benefits under social welfare schemes
¡ First right of the child
¡ To establish identity
¡ Conclusive proof of age
— Care and protection of juveniles
— Admission to school
— Preparing driving license, passport, etc.
— Proof for right to vote
¡ Entry into the National Population Register
(National Population Register is a flagship project of the Government
of India and is aimed at creating a comprehensive identity database
of all usual residents in the country. Updation of the Register would be
through birth and death registration mechanism.)

Uses of death certificate:


¡ Settlement of inheritance and property rights
¡ Getting insurance claims
¡ Family pension

REGISTRATION HIERARCHY

1.14 The RBD Act, 1969 defines the following registration functionaries:
¡ Registrar General, India – Appointed at the national level by the
Central Government under Section 3 of the Act

¡ Chief Registrar / Additional Chief Registrar / Deputy Chief Registrar


- Appointed at the State / UT level by the State Government / UT
Administration under Section 4 of the Act

¡ District Registrar and Additional District Registrar - Appointed at the


District level by the State Government / UT Administration under
Section 6 of the Act

¡ Registrar - Appointed for each local area comprising area within the
jurisdiction of a municipality, panchayat or other local authority or
any other area or a combination of two or more of them by the State
Government / UT Administration under Section 7 (1) of the Act, and
13 Chapter 1

¡ Sub-Registrar - Appointed by the Registrar with the prior approval of


the Chief Registrar under Section 7 (5) of the Act for specified area
under his jurisdiction

As a CRS functionary, you are performing a statutory function. You


will have to be thorough with all the provisions of the RBD Act and the
Rules made there under. You will also have to be conversant with the
clarifications issued from time to time by the Chief Registrar of your
State / UT, as well as the Registrar General, India.

1.15 The registration hierarchy at the national and sub-national level as


defined under the Act is graphically presented as Figure 1.

FIGURE 1: THE REGISTRATION HIERARCHY (BIRTHS AND DEATHS)

NATIONAL LEVEL
Registrar General, India

STATE LEVEL
Chief Registrar
(Principal Secretary/Secretary/Director General Health Services/Director –
Economics& Statistics/Planning & Statistics, etc.)

Additional/Deputy Chief Registrar


(Director/Addl. Director Medical Health/Addl. Director Economics
& Statistics, etc.)

DISTRICT LEVEL
District Registrar
(Distt. Collector/Dy. Commissioner/Chief Medical Officer/Distt. Health Officer/
Distt. Statistical Officer/Chief Executive Officer, etc.)

Additional District Registrar


(Chief Medical Officer/Distt. Health Officer/Distt. Statistical Officer/
Development Officer, Panchayat Samiti, etc.)

LOCAL LEVEL
Registrar
(Health officer/Executive officer of MC/Nagar Palika/In-charge PHC/CHC/
Block Development Officer/Panchayat official/Gram Sevak, etc.)

Sub-Registrar
(Medical Officer Distt. Hospital/CHC/ PHC/Teacher/Village level worker/
Panchayat Officials/Computor/Registration Clerk, etc.)

Note: In States/UTs registration work has been assigned to several differently


designated officers/officials. As such, titles of officers/officials mentioned in brackets in
Figure above may not necessarily be exhaustive.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 14

WHY THIS MANUAL?

This training manual has primarily been developed to improve the


capabilities of officials engaged in civil registration work and is a step
forward to bring about uniformity and optimality in the training programs
for all stakeholders across the States / UTs.

The manual would help the registration functionaries to:


¡ Understand / recapitulate the registration process, Rules and
provision of the Act
¡ Improve upon the quality of information to be collected under
the system
¡ Impart periodic training to the registration functionaries, and
¡ Achieve and sustain cent per cent registration in the area under
their jurisdiction

1.16 It is desirable that the personnel engaged in registration work


acquaint themselves with the provisions of the RBD Act and Rules made
there under and periodically update their knowledge to sharpen their
skills for better performance of the system.

WHO WILL BE BENEFITTED?

1.17 The Manual has been developed for the entire gamut of CRS
officials involved in the registration process (Figure 2) viz.:

FIGURE 2: CRS FUNCTIONARIES ¡ Chief Registrar and


Additional / Deputy Chief
Registrar
dditional/Deput ¡ District Registrar and
r and A y Ch
istra ief
 Re Additional District Registrar
eg
R gi ¡ Registrar
f
st
ie

¡ Sub-Registrar
ra
Ch

Additional D
r

rar and istr


t
egis ict
R
R
eg
t
tric

ist
Dis

rar

Registrar

Registrar
Sub
15 Chapter 1

KEY MESSAGES

¡ Civil Registration is a continuous, permanent and


compulsory recording of the occurrence and charactreistics
of vital events, such as, births, deaths, marriages, foeatal
deaths and divorces

¡ History of Civil Registration in India dates back to middle of


nineteenth century

¡ Prior to the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969,


the registration practices and procedures across the
country varied widely

¡ Registration of Births and Death Act, 1969 covers


registration of Births, still birth and deaths. This is
compulsory under the Act

¡ Vital Statistics including registration of Births and


Deaths falls under the concurrent list of the Constitution
of India. It is the joint domain of State Governments / UT
Administration and the Central Government of India

¡ RBD Act, 1969 defines a set of registration functionaries


at the national and State / UT level for implementation
of the provisions under the Act. Registration activities
can be performed only by the designated authorities duly
appointed under the provisions of the Act / Rules

¡ This Manual has been developed for the entire gamut of


civil registration functionaries
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 16

Chapter 2
THE REGISTRATION
OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS
ACT, 1969

Registration of each Birth and


Death is compulsory
17 Chapter 2

You have in Chapter I learnt about the history of the Civil


Registration System in the country, the factors influencing
enactment of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969,
the Registration hierarchy, and the objective behind bringing
out this manual. You also learnt that implementation of the Act
across the country is vested with the State Governments / Union
Territory Administration. The present chapter is intended to
provide you with a bird’s eye view of the Act, its salient features
and the initiatives undertaken to extend its scope.

THE RBD ACT, 1969: AT A GLANCE

2.1 The RBD Act, 1969 is a Central Act to promote uniformity and
comparability in the registration of Births, Stillbirths and Deaths and
has been framed to register the said events at the place of occurrence.

The entire RBD Act, 1969 has been reproduced in Annexure 1. The Act The RBD Act, 1969
comprises of five Chapters and 32 Sections. Further detailing of the has 5 Chapters and
Chapters is as under: 32 Sections

Chapter I – ‘Preliminary’ comprises of two Sections which describe the


Short title, extent and commencement, and Definition and interpretation
of the vital events.

Chapter II – ‘Registration–Establishment’ has five Sections


which describe the registration functionaries, their roles and
responsibilities and the Agencies responsible for their appointment
under the Act.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 18

Chapter III – ‘Registration of Births and Deaths’ has eight Sections


which deal with the duty of persons (Informants) required to register
births and deaths, and of persons (Notifiers) responsible to notify
births and deaths and certify cause of death; issue of extract of
registration to the informant; delayed registration; registration of name
of the child; and correction or cancellation of entry in the register of
births and deaths.

Chapter IV – ‘Maintenance of records and statistics’ contains four


Sections that describe the procedure for maintaining registers of
births and deaths; search of births and deaths register; inspection of
registration offices; and periodical returns to be sent by the Registrar
to the Chief Registrar for compilation.

The concluding Chapter V – ‘Miscellaneous’ has thirteen Sections


which describe the procedure for registration of births and deaths
of citizens outside India; power of Registrars to obtain information
regarding births and deaths and to give directions; penalties for
failing to perform duties; powers of the Chief Registrar or officer
designated by her / him to compound offences; sanction for
prosecution; delegation of powers and protection of action taken
in good faith.

Figure 3 is a pictorial presentation of the Chapters and Sections under


the RBD Act, 1969:

SALIENT FEATURES / PROVISIONS OF THE ACT

2.2 The salient features and provisions of the RBD Act, 1969 are
as under:
¡ Registration of Births and Deaths is compulsory
¡ Births mean live birth and still birth
¡ Uniform law for reporting and registration of all births and deaths
occurring within the country [Section 1 (2)]
¡ Prescribes functionaries at the Centre, State, District and Local levels
and their roles and responsibilities for implementation of provisions
of the Act [Sections 3, 4, 6 and 7]
¡ Birth and death events to be registered by the Registrar
at the place of occurrence and within her / his jurisdiction
[Section 7 (2)]
19 Chapter 2

FIGURE 3: RBD ACT 1969: AT A GLANCE

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5


PRELIMINARY REGISTRATION REGISTRATION OF MAINTENANCE MISCELLANEOUS
ESTABLISHMENT BIRTH AND DEATHS OF RECORDS &
STATISTICS

S1 - Short Title, S3 - Registrar S8 - Persons required S16 - Registrar to S20 - Special provision
Extent and General of India to register birth & keep registers in as to registration of
commencement deaths the prescribed form births and deaths of
citizens outside India

S2 - Definitions S4 - S9 - Special provision S17 - Search of S21 - Power of


and interpretation Chief Registrar regarding births and births and deaths Registrar to obtain
deaths in a plantation register information regarding
birth or death
S5 - S10 - Duty of certain S18 - Inspection of
Registration persons to notify births registration S22 - Power to give
divisions and deaths and to offices directions
certify cause of death
S23 - Penalties
S6 - S11 - Informant to S19 - Registrar to
District Registrar sign the register send periodical S24 - Power to
returns to the compound offences
Chief Registrar for
compilation
S7 - S12 - Extracts of S25 - Sanction for
Registrar registration entries to prosecution
be given to informant
S26 - Registrars &
S13 - Delayed Sub-Registrars to
registration of births be deemed public
and deaths servants

S14 - Registration of S27 - Delegation of


name of child powers

S15 - Correction or S28 - Protection of


cancellation of entry action taken in good
in the register of faith
births & deaths
S29 - Act not to be in
derogation of Act 6 of
1886

S30 - Power to make


rules

S31 - Repel & saving

S32 - Power to remove


difficulty
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 20

¡ Reporting of births and deaths within 21 days of occurrence of the


event [Section 8, Rule 5 (3)]
¡ Spells out responsibility of certain persons / institutions to report
occurrence of the event [Section 8 and 9]
¡ Allows issuance of an extract of prescribed particulars from the register
of birth or death to the informant, free of charge [Section 12]
¡ Allows registration beyond the prescribed period of 21 days [Section 13]
¡ Allows registration of birth without name of child and for addition of
name at a later date [Section 14; Maximum period prescribed in the
Rules for subsequent addition of name is 15 years]
¡ Allows for correction or cancellation of entry in the birth and death
register [Section 15]
¡ No extracts relating to any death, issued to any person, shall disclose
the particulars regarding the Cause of Death as entered in the death
register [Section 17]
¡ Special provisions as to registration of births and deaths of citizens
outside India [Section 20]
¡ Provision for imposing penalties for non-reporting / non-registration
and negligence [Section 23]
¡ Registers of births and deaths to be kept as permanent records
[Section 30]

2.3 The Act allows:


¡ Registration of Births and Deaths that had occurred even prior to
enactment of the Act [Section 13 (3)], and
¡ Suo motu registration of events by the Registrar [Section 7 (2)]

It does not cover registration of marriages.

Prior to revamping REVAMPING OF THE CIVIL REGISTRATION SYSTEM


in 1999, registration
involved lot of paper 2.4 As mentioned earlier, the Office of the Registrar General, India
work. Revamping (ORGI) undertook a comprehensive review of the statistical functions
helped in reduction of the CRS during 1999 and revamped the system of registration of
of the same there by births and deaths. The registration work involved a lot of paper work
eliminating delays in at the Registrar’s level and this affected transmission of statistical
submission of reports returns from Registrars to the State headquarters. The revamped
and speeding up system reduced the paper work of the Registrars and helped eliminating
compilation of vital delays in submission of reports and speeding up the compilation of vital
statistics. statistics. Salient features of the revamped system are:
21 Chapter 2

¡ revision in the content and size of the registration forms


¡ redesigning of forms by segregating the legal items from the
statistical items
¡ addition of new relevant items viz. birth weight, duration of
pregnancy, age of mother at the time of marriage; and
¡ deletion of the Notifier forms, etc.

Consequently, the number of forms was reduced from 21 to 13.

Details of the revamped system are described later on in this manual.

2.5 The Model Rules framed by the Registrar General, India facilitated
the State Governments / UT Administrations to revise their Rules for
effective implementation of the Act. The revised Rules were brought into
force from 01.01.2000 in most of the States / UTs.

INITIATIVES TAKEN TO EXTEND THE SCOPE OF RBD


ACT, 1969

2.6 Over time, need was felt to take up registration of births of children
taken on adoption; registration of births of children born through
Surrogacy/ART/IVF Technique; registration of deaths of missing persons
and / or of those who died due to natural calamities and disasters.
The manner in which such cases are dealt with, has been described in
Chapter 3, Para 3.A.16 to 3.A.19.

2.7 It is important that all efforts be made to ensure that not only the birth
or death event is registered but the extract of the prescribed particulars

Children and parents with birth certificates


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 22

Duty of Registrar / from the register of such birth or death, commonly known as the Birth /
Sub-Registrar Death Certificate (Form 5 for Birth and in Form 6 for Death) also reaches
does not end with the intended beneficiary after the registration process is over. Please
registration of birth or remember that the registration of birth and issuance of birth certificate is
death alone. It should the first legal acknowledgment of a child’s existence by the State.
also be ensured
that extract of the 2.8 The roles and responsibilities of the registration functionaries,
prescribed particulars as specified in the Act and Rules there under are discussed in the
from the register following Chapter. Undoubtedly, the Registrar / Sub Registrar is the
relating to such birth key officer for registration of births and deaths. As such Chapter 3
or death reach the starts with the guidelines for Registrars and Sub-Registrars; followed
person concerned. by districts and additional district registrars; and chief registrars and
deputy chief registrars.
23 Chapter 2

KEY MESSAGES

¡ Birth and Death certificate is a permanent record of the


fact of occurrence of the event and a conclusive proof of
place and date of occurrence of the event

¡ Registration of an event includes issuance of extract of the


prescribed particulars from the register of births and death
as soon as the event has been registered.

¡ Birth certificate is not a proof of nationality

¡ Ensure that all birth and death events in the area under
your jurisdiction are registered

REGISTER All Births, Deaths and Still births


AND
DELIVER Birth and Death Certificates
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 24

Chapter 3
ROLES AND
RESPONSIBILITIES OF
CRS FUNCTIONARIES

¡ Birth Certificate – First Identity of the Child


¡ Ensure Registration of Each Birth and Death
in the Area Under Your Jurisdiction
¡ Ensure delivery of Birth and Death certificates
25 Chapter 3

In the previous chapter you have had an overview on the RBD


Act, the Chapters and Sections thereof and the salient features
and provisions which spell out the process of registration of
births, stillbirths and deaths. The present Chapter is intended to
familiarize you with the roles and responsibilities of registration
functionaries and to provide guidelines to help you discharge
your duties.

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CIVIL


REGISTRATION FUNCTIONARIES

REGISTRAR GENERAL, INDIA [SECTION 3]


3.1 As per the Act, Central Government may by notification in the Official
Gazette, appoint a person to be known as the Registrar-General, India
[Section 3 (1)].

The Central Government may also appoint such other officers with such
designations as it thinks fit for the purpose of discharging, under the
superintendence and direction of the Registrar-General, such functions
of the Registrar-General under this Act as she / he may, from time to
time, authorize them to discharge [Section 3 (2)].

Under the provisions of Section 3 (2), Additional Registrar General, India,


Deputy Registrar General (CRS), Joint Registrar General (Director of Census
Operations) have been appointed to discharge under the superintendence
of the Registrar General, India, such functions of the Registrar General as
he may authorize them to discharge from time to time.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 26

Duties:
As per Section 3 (3) of the Act, the Registrar General, India is the central
authority to:
¡ Issue general directions regarding registration of births and deaths in
the territories to which this Act extends

¡ Take steps to co-ordinate and unify the activities of Chief Registrars


in the matter of registration of births and deaths, and

¡ Submit to the Central Government an annual report on the working


of this Act in the said territories

CHIEF REGISTRAR / ADDITIONAL CHIEF REGISTRAR / DEPUTY


CHIEF REGISTRAR [SECTION 4]
3.2 Under Section 4 (1) of the Act, the State Government may, by
notification in the Official Gazette, appoint a Chief Registrar for
the State.

The State Government may also appoint such other officers with such
designations as it thinks fit for the purpose of discharging, under
the superintendence and direction of the Chief Registrar, such of
his functions as she / he may, from time to time, authorize them to
discharge [Section 4 (2)].

Under the provisions of Section 4 (2), Additional Chief Registrar /


Deputy Chief Registrar, have been appointed in all the States / UTs.

Duties:
As per Section 4 (3) of the Act, Chief Registrar shall be the chief
executive authority in the State for carrying into execution the provisions
of this Act and the rules and orders made there under subject to the
directions, if any, given by the State Government Section 4 (3).

She / He shall take steps by the issue of suitable instructions or


otherwise to:
¡ Co-ordinate, unify and supervise the work of registration in the State
for securing an efficient system of registration, and

¡ Shall prepare and submit to the State Government, in such manner


and at such intervals as may be prescribed, a report on the working
of this Act in the State along with the statistical report referred to in
Sub- Section (2) of Section 19
27 Chapter 3

DISTRICT REGISTRAR /ADDITIONAL DISTRICT REGISTRAR


[SECTION 6]
3.3 Under Section 6 (1), the State Government may appoint a District
Registrar for each revenue district and such number of Additional
District Registrars as it thinks fit who shall, subject to general control
and direction of the District Registrar, discharge such functions of
the district Registrar as the District Registrar may, from time to time,
authorize them to discharge.

Duties:
As per Section 6 (2) of the Act, the District Registrar / Additional District
Registrar shall:
¡ Superintend, subject to the direction of the Chief Registrar, the
Registration of births and deaths in the district, and

¡ Shall be responsible for carrying into execution in the district the


provisions of this Act and the orders of the Chief Registrar issued
from time to time for the purpose of this Act

The District Registrar / Additional District Registrar is also


responsible for:
¡ Inspecting the Registration Offices and examination of the
Registers kept therein
¡ Issuing timely instructions and guidance to the Registrars
¡ Organizing periodical training courses for the Registrars
¡ Ensuring timely flow of returns from the Registrars to the
State Headquarters
¡ Organizing studies to identify good and bad registration areas
¡ Impose penalty for denial to provide information, false information,
refusal to write name, submit returns on monthly basis [Section 23], and
¡ Ensuring custody, production and transfer of the Registers and other
records kept with the Registrars [Section 30 (2)]

REGISTRAR / SUB-REGISTRAR [SECTION 7]


3.4 As per Section 7 (1), the State Government may appoint
a Registrar for each local area comprising the area within the
jurisdiction of a municipality, Panchayat or other local authority or
any other area or a combination of any two or more of them, provided
that the State Government may appoint in the case of a municipality,
Panchayat or other local authority, any officer or other employee
thereof as a Registrar.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 28

Under the provisions of Section 7 (5), the Registrar may, with the prior
approval of the Chief Registrar, appoint Sub-Registrars and assign to
them any or all of his powers and duties in relation to specified areas
within his jurisdiction.

Duties:
As per Section 7 (2) to 7 (4), every Registrar / Sub-Registrar shall:
¡ Without fee or reward, enter in the register maintained for the
purpose all information given to him under Section 8 or Section 9
and shall also take steps to inform himself carefully of every birth
and of every death which takes place in his jurisdiction and to
ascertain and register the particulars required to be registered

¡ Have an office in the local area for which she / he is appointed, and

¡ Attend her / his office for the purpose of registering births and
deaths on such days and at such hours as the Chief Registrar may
direct and shall cause to be placed in some conspicuous place on or
near the outer door of the office of the Registrar a board bearing, in
the local language, his name with the addition of Registrar of Births
and Deaths for the local area for which she / he is appointed, and
the days and hours of her / his attendance.

The Registrar / Sub-Registrar is also responsible for:


¡ Suo motu registration of events [Section 7(2)]. This would mean that
Registrar should take cognizance of birth and / or death events that
have occurred in the area under her / his jurisdiction but not been
reported for registration

¡ Registration of name of child, if birth is registered without the


Name [Section 14]

¡ Correction and cancellation of entry in the birth and death register


[Section 15]

¡ Maintaining custody of records (Register of births, still births


and deaths) and ensure accuracy and correctness of particulars
recorded therein [Section 16, 19]
29 Chapter 3

¡ Search of any entry in the birth and death register [Section 17 (1)(a)
& 17 (1)(b)]
— Issuance of extract of prescribed particulars from the register of
births and deaths
— Non-availability certificate

¡ Submit monthly reports to prescribe authority [Section 19 (1)], and

¡ Obtain a certificate as to the cause of death where the scheme of


MCCD is implemented

It will not be out of place to mention that Registrars / Sub-Registrars


while acting or purporting to act in pursuance of the provisions of the
RBD Act or any rule or order made there under shall be deemed to be
public servants within the meaning of Section 21 of the Indian Penal
Code (45 of 1860) [Section 26].

3.5 Having discussed the roles and responsibilities of CRS


functionaries, subsequent part of this Chapter deals with guidelines
that would help registration functionaries in effective and responsible
discharge of their duties. The guidelines have been presented under
the following sub-chapters:
3.A Guidelines for Registrars and Sub-Registrars
3.B Guidelines for District and Additional District Registrars, and
3.C Guidelines for Chief Registrars, Additional and Deputy
Chief Registrars
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 30

3.A GUIDELINES FOR


REGISTRARS AND
SUB‑REGISTRARS

You have been appointed by your State Government / UT Administration


as Registrar / Sub-Registrar of Births and Deaths under Section 7
of the RBD Act. As Registrar / Sub-Registrar you are responsible for
the registration of all Births, Stillbirths and Deaths occurring in the
area under your jurisdiction, maintain custody of records (Registers of
Births, Stillbirths and Deaths) and ensure accuracy and correctness of
particulars recorded therein [Section 7(2), 16, 19]. The work assigned
to you is extremely important and we are confident that you will live up
to the expectation.

Believe in yourself Before you start with your work as Registrar / Sub-Registrar, remember
and register all births, that under the provisions of Section 7 (2) of the Act, the event reported
stillbirths and deaths to you is to be registered as per place of occurrence. As such, you need
from the area under to ensure that the event reported to you for registration had occurred in
your jurisdiction. the area under your jurisdiction. Also believe that all Births, Stillbirths
and Deaths from the area under your charge can be registered and you
can achieve 100% registration.

¡ Appreciate your role in registration of births and deaths in the area


under your jurisdiction as crucial.
¡ Remember!!! You are not just registering the events rather you are
making difference in the lives of people.

I will register all the


events in my area.
But how?
31 Chapter 3

ESTABLISHING OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR /


SUB‑REGISTRAR

3.A.1 To execute the task assigned to you, the first step you need to
undertake is ‘Establish an Office of the Registrar / Sub-Registrar’. Under
the provision of Section 7(3 & 4), you, as per directions of the Chief
Registrar need to:

¡ Establish an office to accomplish the registration work.


¡ Place an Information board near the outer door, in local language
displaying your name, with the addition ‘Registrar of Births and
Deaths’ and the local area for which appointed and day(s) and
timings of your availability.

REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS, STILL BIRTHS AND DEATHS

3.A.2 We shall now discuss how shall births, stillbirths and deaths be
registered? However, before we do so, it will be good to look at the way
these events been defined under the Act.

According to Section 2 of the Act:


Birth ‘Birth’ means Live Birth or Still Birth [Section 2 (a)].
Death Death means the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has
taken place [Section 2 (b)].
Foetal death Foetal death means absence of all evidence of life prior to the complete expulsion or
extraction from its mother of a product of conception irrespective of the duration of pregnancy
[Section 2 (c)].
Live birth Live birth means the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of
conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, which, after such expulsion or extraction,
breathes or shows any other evidence of life, and each product of such birth is considered
live‑born [Section 2 (d)].
Still birth Still birth means foetal death where a product of conception has attained at least the
prescribed period of gestation [Section 2 (g)].

Foetal death where a product of conception has attained at least 28 weeks of gestation is
termed as ‘Still birth’ [Section 2 (g), Rule 3].
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 32

3.A.3 The vital events viz. Births, Still births or Deaths reported to you
from the area under your jurisdiction may have occurred in a:
¡ House [Residential or Non-residential], or
¡ Institution [Medical / Non-medical](Hospital / Jail / Hostel /
Dharamshala, etc.), or
¡ Other places (Public / Any other place).

The responsibility for reporting aforesaid vital events has been explicitly
defined in the Act and discussed in this sub-chapter. Besides the CRS
functionaries, key stakeholders are directly involved in the registration
process. These stakeholders include Informants and Notifiers [Sections
8, 9, and 10].

INFORMANTS

An Informant is the individual who has been designated under the Act
to report within the prescribed time period, the fact of occurrence of
a birth, still birth or death along with certain of its characteristics to
the Registrar for the purpose of registering the same. This information
is to be provided to the Registrar, either orally or in the prescribed
Reporting Form, to the best of knowledge or belief of such person.
The information to be given shall be in Form 1, 2 or 3 for birth, death
and still birth respectively. The time period prescribed for reporting of
the event is 21 days from date of occurrence of the event [Section 8
and 9; Rule 5 (1) and 5(3)].

3.A.4 The informants prescribed for reporting births, still births


or deaths to the Registrar by place of occurrence of the event are
as under:

DOMICILIARY EVENTS
Under Sub Section (1) (a) of Section 8 of the Act, the following persons
have been specified to report to Registrar, occurrence of births or
deaths in a house:
¡ Head of the household, or
¡ In the absence of head, nearest relative of the head present in the
house, or
¡ In the absence of any such person, the oldest male person present
during the said period.
33 Chapter 3

In the present scenario, the oldest female present in the house may
also be the Informant.

HOSPITAL BASED EVENTS


In respect of births, still birth and deaths that takes place in a hospital,
health centre, maternity or nursing home or other like Institutions, the
Medical Officer-in-charge or any Officer authorized by her / him has
been authorized to report to the concerned Registrar the occurrence
of the said event in prescribed Form and time [Sub section (1) (b) of
Section 8].

EVENTS IN OTHER INSTITUTIONS


For birth or death events occurring in Institutions such as Jail, Choultary,
Chattram, Hostel, Dharamshala, Boarding house, Lodging house,
Tavern, Barrack, Toddy shop or Place of public resort, the duty to provide
information of occurrence of the event shall be of the Person-in-charge
[Section 8 (1) (c) & 8 (1)(d)],

EVENTS IN PUBLIC PLACE


In respect of any new born child or dead body deserted in public place,
the headperson or other corresponding officer in case of village and
Police officer-in-charge in other areas to report such fact to the Registrar
within the prescribed time [Section 8 (1)(e)].

EVENTS IN A PLACE OTHER THAN MENTIONED ABOVE


In case of events not covered under clause (a) to (e) of sub-section 1 of
Section 8, the onus of reporting the event lies with such person as may
be prescribed [Section 8 (1)(f)].

In case of death not covered under clause (a) to (e) of sub-section 1 of


Section 8, in which an inquest (postmortem, investigation, etc.) is held,
the officer who conducts the inquest shall give the information to the
Registrar [Rule 6 (2)].

EVENTS IN MOVING VEHICLES


In respect of birth or death in a moving vehicle, the person in-charge
of the vehicle shall give or cause to be given the information under
sub‑section 1 of Section 8 at the first place of halt [Rule 6 (1)]. ‘Vehicle’
implies conveyance of any kind used on land, air or water and includes
aircraft, a boat, a ship, a railway carriage, a motor-car, a motor-cycle,
a cart, a tonga and a rickshaw.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 34

EVENTS IN PLANTATIONS
Under Section 9 of the Act, special provisions have been made for
registration of births and deaths events which occurred in Plantation
(any land not less than four hectares in extent which is being prepared
for the production of, or actually produces, tea, coffee, pepper, rubber,
cardamom, cinchona or such other products) areas. In such cases
the Superintendent of plantation has been authorized to give the
information to the Registrar enabling her / him to register the event.

NOTIFIERS

3.A.5 Notifier is a person who notifies to the Registrar in prescribed


form and time, every birth or death or both at which she / he attended
or was present at or which had occurred in the area under jurisdiction
of the Registrar. Appointed under Section 8 and 10 of the Act, the
midwife or any other medical or health attendant at a birth or death, or
keeper or owner of burial and burning ground (in case of death), or any
other person whom the State Government may specify in this behalf by
her / his designation have been prescribed to act as Notifiers.

The time period for notifying occurrence of the birth, death or still birth
event to the Registrar is 21 days from the date of birth, death and still
birth [Rule 5(3)].

Figure 4 gives a list of persons who have been appointed as Notifiers in


most of the States and UTs.
35 Chapter 3

FIGURE 4: NOTIFIERS IN STATES AND UTS

Dai who attended or was The responsibility of Notifiers is to notify to


present, or the event the Registrar every birth, stillbirth or death
occurred in his / her area which the notifier attended or was present
of jurisdiction at, or which occurred in such areas, within
such time and in such manner as may be
prescribed

Best Practices:
Before the introduction of the revamped
System, specific forms to notify
Auxiliary Nurse Midwife occurrence of births, deaths and still
(ANM) / Lady Health Visitor births were prescribed. Subsequently,
(LHV) who attended or on implementation of the revamped
was present, or the event System from 01-01-2000, Notifiers
occurred in his / her area of were advised to use the same reporting
jurisdiction forms as are used by the Informants
for reporting domiciliary events to the
concerned Registrars. Most of the States
and UTs, as per recommendations of the
National Conference of Chief Registrars
Accredited Social Health (Recommendation No. 5.1 of 2007 and
Activist (ASHA), Health 4 of 2009), have authorized ANMs,
worker who attended or ASHAs and Aanganwadi Workers to act as
was present, or the event Notifiers. However, before reporting the
occurred in his / her area of event to the Registrar / Sub-Registrar, they
jurisdiction are required to obtain signature of the
head of the household on the respective
reporting form

Anganwadi Worker (AWW)


who attended or was
present, or the event
occurred in his / her area of
jurisdiction

Caretaker of burial ground /


crematorium who attended
or was present or the event
occurred in his area of
jurisdiction
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 36

3.A.6 Table below summarizes the persons authorized under the


Act to act as Informants and Notifiers by place of occurrence of event:

Table: Informants and Notifiers by place of occurrence of event

Place of occurrence Informants* Notifiers**


House ¡ Head of the household ¡ Midwife or any other medical or
health attendant ANMs, ASHAs and
Aanganwadi Workers
¡ Keeper or the owner of a place
set apart for the disposal of dead
bodies or any person required by
a local authority to be present at
such place
Institution ¡ Medical Officer-in-charge or any
Hospital, Health facility, Nursing person authorized by the MO I / C
home, etc. ¡ Jailor-in-charge
Jail ¡ Person In-charge
Hotel, Dharamshala, Choultry,
hostel, etc.
Public place ¡ Headperson / Other ¡ Any other person whom the State
(For any new-born or dead body corresponding Officer (in case of Government may specify in this
found deserted) a Village) behalf by his / her designation, to
¡ Officer in-charge of local police notify every birth or death or both
station (in other areas) at which he or she attended or was
present, or which occurred in such
areas as may be prescribed, to the
Registrar within such time and in
such manner as may be prescribed

Events in Moving vehicle / ¡ Person in-charge of the moving


Conveyance cart, Tonga, vehicle
Rickshaw on land, Aircraft,
Boat, Ship, Rail, etc.
Plantation ¡ Suprintendent (Supervisor of
labourers) / Plantation Managers
*Designated under Section 8 & 9 of the Act to report occurrence of birth, stillbirth and death together with certain of its
characteristics in the prescribed reporting form to the concerned Registrar to facilitate registration of the event.

**Designated under Sections 8 & 10 of the Act to notify to the concerned Registrar, birth, stillbirth or death event
which she / he attended to or was present at or which occurred in the area under her / his jurisdiction after obtaining
signature of the head of the household on the reporting form.
37 Chapter 3

REGISTRATION PROCEDURES

Registration of an event viz. birth, stillbirth or death calls for a Registrar,


that is, YOU. For thorough understanding, registration procedures as per
the Act are discussed in detail under the following heads:

¡ Registration within the Prescribed Period (Section 8 and 9)


¡ Issue of Extract of registration (Section 12)
¡ Registration Beyond the Prescribed Period (Delayed
Registration, Section 13)
¡ Registration of Name of Child (Section 14)
¡ Correction or Cancellation of Entry (Section 15)
¡ Search and Grant of Extract (Section 17)
¡ Registration of Birth and Deaths of Citizens outside India
(Section 20), and
¡ Power of Registrars (Section 21)

In addition, the following topics will also be discussed to orient


you about:
¡ Medical Certification of Cause of Death (Section 10)
¡ Registration of Births and Deaths in Different Situations
— Registration of births of children taken on adoption
— Registration of births of children born through Surrogacy / ART /
IVF Technique
— Registration of deaths of missing persons
— Registration of deaths in natural calamities and disasters

Section 16 and 19 of the Act prescribe that the Registrars are required
to maintain the Registers of births and deaths and send periodic
reports based thereon to the concerned prescribed authority for
compilation of requisite statistics. It is pertinent to mention that the
legal part of the filled-in Reporting Form 1, 2, or 3 with the Registrar
respectively constitute the Register of Birth, Death and Stillbirth.
Accordingly, these will also be dealt separately under ‘Maintenance
of Records and Statistics’.

Finally, towards the close of the Chapter we shall discuss steps that
may be required to ensure 100% Registration in the area under
your jurisdiction.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 38

Prescribed time REGISTRATION WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED PERIOD (SECTION 8 AND 9)


period for reporting 3.A.7 The time period for reporting occurrence of birth, still birth
occurrence of births, or death event to the Registrar for registering the same is 21 days
stillbirths and deaths [Section 8 and 9, Rule 5 (3)].
to the Registrar is
21 days. For the purpose of registration and maintenance of related statistics
you would be requiring copies of the prescribed forms given as
under. The procedure for registration is discussed in subsequent
paragraphs. Please ensure that these are available with your office
in sufficient number:
¡ Reporting Forms No. 1, 2, and 3 for live birth, death and stillbirth
respectively
¡ Form No. 1A for Birth Report for Adopted Child
¡ Form Nos. 4 (Institutional) & 4A (Non-Institutional) for furnishing
cause of death
¡ Form No. 5 and 6 for extracts of birth and death respectively
¡ Form No. 10 for issue of Non-availability certificate, and
¡ Form No. 11, 12 and 13 for preparation of monthly reports of birth,
death and still birth respectively

You would appreciate that the number of events occurring in health


institutions is on the rise. As such, you should maintain liaison with
the officer In-charge of the health facilities and provide them with the
following to facilitate timely reporting of events to you:
¡ Forms 1, 2 and 3 in adequate numbers
¡ Form No. 4 to medically certify the cause of death

The forms should be completely filled-up in clear handwriting and signed


by the informant. After receiving the filled-in reporting forms, give them
a receipt of the forms. You may also receive the events online from
some of the medical Institutions.

Registration of Twins Having received the information under Section 8 or 9 on occurrence of


(Multiple births) is to birth, still birth or death events which take place in the area under your
be done separately jurisdiction, you as Registrar / Sub-Registrar are required to register
for each child. the same.

Do you receive information on stillbirths regularly?


If not, do you take steps to inform yourself of such events
under your jurisdiction? Remember! Outcome of conception
may not always be a live birth. Register the Stillbirths also.
39 Chapter 3

ISSUE OF EXTRACT OF REGISTRATION (SECTION 12) For events reported


3.A.8 It has been discussed elsewhere that registration of birth or death for registration
event is logically not complete till the Extract / Certificate of registration within 21 days of
reaches the concerned. You are required to give in Form 5 (for births) occurrence, give
and Form 6 (for deaths), an extract of the prescribed particulars from copy of extracts of
the register of births and deaths, free of charge, to the person who has prescribed particulars
given the information for registration, as soon as the registration of birth from Birth / Death
or death has been completed [Section 12]. This extract is usually known Register free of
as the birth or the death certificate. charge.

Give first copy of the extract of the prescribed particulars free of charge
(Section 12) to the person who gives information relating to the event

FIGURE 5: BIRTH CERTIFICATE WITH NATIONAL EMBLEM

la-

Extracts of prescribed
particulars from
Register of Birth /
Death is a conclusive
evidence of the fact
of occurrence of birth
or death. It is not a
proof of Nationality.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 40

under Section 8 or 9. Even if you give computerized first copy of the


extract / certificate, no fee should be charged for the same. The person
concerned may collect the extracts of birth or death from the Registrar
(for Domiciliary events) and the Officer or Person-in-charge of the
Institution (for Institutional events), within thirty days of its reporting
[Rule 8 (2) to 8 (4); Section 12]. In case the extracts of birth or death is
not collected as required under such rule of Section 12, the Registrar
or the Officer or person in charge of the concerned institution shall
transmit the same to the concerned family by post within 15 days of
expiry of the said period [Rule 8(5); Section 12].

Additional copies of the certificate can be had on payment of prescribed


fee per copy [Rule 13(1)(c), Section 17(1)(b)]. There is, however, no limit
for applying for additional number of copies.

Use the new standardized bilingual format (with the National


Emblem) for Birth / Death certificate. Also note that the
extract of prescribed particulars from the register of birth or
death is the conclusive evidence of the fact of birth or death,
as the case may be. It is not a proof of Nationality.

BEST PRACTICES
To ensure delivery of the Extract / Certificate of the prescribed particulars from the
register of births or deaths, the National Conference of Chief Registrars of Births and
Deaths recommended that services of Notifiers (ANMs, ASHAs and Aanganwadi Workers)
be utilized for the domiciliary events reported by them (Recommendation 5.1 of 2007
and 4 of 2009). The recommendation has been adopted by most of the States / UTs.

In case of Institutional events, to ensure timely registration and delivery of the Extract /
Certificate to mother of the new born before her discharge from the medical institution,
various State Governments have declared some of the big district / government
hospitals as ‘Registration Centre’ and appointed the medical officer-in-charge of the
Institute as Registrar / Sub Registrar. For hospitals not declared as registration centre,
National Conference of Chief Registrars of Births and Deaths recommended that a
self addressed stamped envelope from the family of the new born be obtained by the
Institution concerned and forwarded to the concerned Registrar along with the duly
filled-in birth reporting form. The Registrar, after registration of the event, may utilize
the self-addressed stamped envelope for dispatch of the certificate to the concerned
household (Recommendation 4 of 2009). The directions are being complied by some of
State Governments.
41 Chapter 3

REGISTRATION BEYOND THE PRESCRIBED PERIOD (DELAYED


REGISTRATION, SECTION 13)
3.A.9 The information on occurrence of the event can also be reported
to you after the expiry of 21 days. As has been said earlier such events
fall under the category of delayed registration (Section 13). Registration
of events reported as delayed are covered in the Act as under:
¡ More than 21 days but within 30 days of its occurrence [Section 13 (1)]
¡ After 30 days but within one year of its occurrence Section 13 (2)]
¡ Beyond one year of its occurrence [Section 13 (3)]

Oops, three
I do not have birth months are over
certificate. Can I register and I did not find time to
my birth now at register the death of my
this age? mother. Can I register
her death now?

Yes, registration beyond the prescribed period of 21 days is possible Registration of


under the provisions of Section 13 of the Act. However, to avoid births and deaths
procedural complications, you should promote registration of the events beyond 21 days is
within the stipulated time. subject to payment
of late fee and
Delayed registration is subjected to payment of a late fee and following prescribed
permission of the prescribed authority. Such an event is to be registered procedures.
as under [Section 13; Rule 9 (1) to 9 (3)]:

¡ Birth or Death event, information on which is given to the Registrar


after expiry of 21 days but within 30 days of its occurrence, shall be
registered on payment of late fee of Rupee Two [Rule 9 (1)]

¡ Birth or Death event, information on which is given to the Registrar


after 30 days but within one year of its occurrence, shall be
registered only with the written permission of the prescribed
authority and on the production of an affidavit made before a notary
public or any other officer authorized in this behalf by the State
Government and payment of a late fee of Rupee Five [Rule 9 (2)]
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 42

¡ Birth or Death event which has not been registered within one year
of its occurrence, shall be registered only on an order made by a
magistrate of the first class after verifying the correctness of the
event and payment of a late fee of Rupee Ten [Rule 9 (3)]

The procedure for delayed registration is summarized as under:

Registration of events under delayed registration

Period of delay
More than 21 days but More than 30 days but Beyond 1 year [Section
within 30 days [Section within 1 year [Section 13 (3)]
13 (1)] 13 (2)]
Late fee Late fee Late fee
Authority for granting permission
Registrar/Sub-registrar Officer prescribed Magistrate of the first
class
Procedure
On payment of Registration will be Any birth or death not
prescribed fee by the done only with the registered within one-
informant. written permission of year of its occurrence,
the prescribed authority, will be registered
production of an affidavit only on an order by a
made before a notary magistrate of the first
public or any other office class after verifying
authorized in this behalf the correctness of the
by the State Government event and on payment
and payment of the of prescribed fee
prescribed fee.

Figure 6 give the probable factors which may lead to delay in registration
of events.

FIGURE 6: FACTORS INFLUENCING DELAY IN REGISTRATION

Lack of awareness Lack of awareness Lack of knowledge


of the prescribed as to the need of the registration
period and and importance of functionaries as
procedures of registration to the registration
registration procedures
43 Chapter 3

Please remember that before you go in for registering birth or death Before registering
event reported to you after one year of its occurrence, you need to an event under
ensure that such an event was not registered earlier. To avoid duplicity delayed category,
in registration, some states have introduced the system of making ensure that the
search for the event in relevant registration records and issuance of same has not been
a non-availability certificate to the Informant in Form 10, if not found registered before.
registered. It would be in the fitness of things that such a practice should
be adopted in all the States / UTs. However, you must remember that:

¡ Certified extract of the search made (non-availability certificate)


cannot be issued, free of charge.

¡ If the informant reported an event to the Registrar within prescribed


time limit and the same is not registered by her / him for any reason,
registration of such event will not fall under the delayed category.
For example, in case of institutional delivery where information has
been sent by the Officer-in-charge to the concerned Registrar for
registration but was not registered or birth certificate was not issued,
in such case the birth certificate if demanded by the parents say
after 6-7 months will not attract any late fee.

You may come across a situation where the informant reports


occurrence of a birth, death or stillbirth to you, orally. In such case,
you should, based on the information provided, get the reporting form
filled up and obtain signatures or thumb marks of the informant on
it [Section 11].

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. Whether events The events of births and deaths which occurred
occurring prior to the prior to the coming into force of the RBD Act,
date of enforcement 1969 can be registered under the provisions of
of the RBD Act, 1969 this Act. Registration would be done under the
can be registered? provisions of Section 13 of the Act.
2. Whether Registrar is Section 13 only speaks of payment of late
liable to pay late fee fee by the party concerned and there is
in cases of any delay no provision for payment of late fee by the
on her / his part in Registrar for delay in registering the event.
registering an event However, under Section 23 (2) penalty
under Section 13 (1) can be imposed on him for neglect or
and 13 (2)? refusal to register the event without any
reasonable cause.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 44

AN OVERVIEW OF PROCEDURES OF BIRTH AND DEATH


REGISTRATION
The flow chart below (Figure 7) describes the overall process and
procedures of birth, stillbirth and death registration according to
place of occurrence of the event (home, institutions, public place, and
plantation), informant (head of household, head of the institution,
in-charge of the area) and the time frame prescribed (within 21 days,
21‑30 days, up to one year and beyond) to report occurrence of the
event to the Registrar:

FIGURE 7: FLOW CHART OF BIRTH AND DEATH REGISTRATION

Event (birth and death)

Within Country Outside Country

Institution (health • Any newborn or dead body found


Home Other deserted in public place
facility, jail, etc.)
• Special provision regarding births
and deaths in a plantation
• Air and Sea
• Moving Vehicles

Head of the Headperson/police


Head of Household officer in charge of the Indian Embassy / High Commission
Institution
area, superintendent of
the plantation
In case of birth, when parents of child return
to India for settling therein, within 60 days
from the date of arrival of child in India.

More than 21 days More than 30 days


Within 21 days More than 1 year
but before 30 days but within a year

To be registered
Delayed events (To be registered on payment of late fee)
free of charge

Registrar Registrar
Registrar Registrar With written permission of Based on an order made
the prescribed authority, and by a magistrate of the
the production of an affidavit first class or any other
made before a notary officer authorized by the
public or any other officer state govt. after verifying
authorized by the state govt. the correctness.
45 Chapter 3

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. Whether birth or death extracts could be Extracts from the register of birth and death should be
issued in the language, other than the issued in the language in which the entries are made
language in which the relevant register in the register. However, there is no objection, if the
is maintained. Registrar also issues separately a copy of such extracts
in other language. But such copy should be marked
at top “Translated Version”.
2. Whether registration of births and deaths The event can be registered at the place of occurrence
can be done at any place irrespective of only. An event, which has taken place in Bombay, will be
the place of occurrence? Whether an event registered with the concerned local Registrar in Bombay
which has taken place in Bombay can be within whose jurisdiction the event has occurred.
registered in Goa? The event cannot be registered in Goa.
3. Which Section of the RBD Act, 1969 Section 7 (2) read with Section 23 (2) of the RBD Act,
indicate that the registration of events 1969 make it very explicit that the Registrar has to
should be done according to place of register only those events of birth and death which take
occurrence? place in his jurisdiction.
4. It may be clarified whether births occurring The events occurring in a hospital will be registered
in hospital in towns have to be registered with the Registrar of the area in which the hospital
by the Registrar of the area in which the falls. They will not be registered at the place of normal
hospitals are situated or is it possible to residence, since registration is done at the place
register such births at the place of normal of occurrence.
residence of the concerned families?
5. Whether a still birth certificate could be According to Section 2(1) (a) of the Act, the word / term
issued under the provisions of Act and the “Birth” means ‘Live birth’ or ‘Still birth’. As such, extract
State Rules? from Still birth Register (Form No. 9) can also be issued
in Form 5 with appropriate change in wordings viz.
following information has been taken from the original
records of Stillbirth … date of Stillbirth and place of
Stillbirth, instead of the word “Birth” given in that form.

REGISTRATION OF NAME OF CHILD (SECTION 14)


Traditionally, children in our country are given a name during early infancy.
Many a times the names given are casual and settled when the child is
enrolled in the school. Sometimes a firm name is given at the time when
the child appears for secondary school examination. Accounting for the
fact that a child may or may not be given a firm name within 21 days of
birth, registration of birth is allowed even without a name. Here we focus
upon the provisions of the Act (Section 14) in this regard.

3.A.10 If birth of a child has been registered without a name,


subsequent addition of the name in the birth register within 12 months
from the date of registration of birth is allowed without any late fee, on
giving information regarding the name of the child to the Registrar either
orally or in writing.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 46

Registration of birth Provision also exist in the State rules, enabling Registrar to enter in the
of a child within the birth register the name of the child after 12 months but within a period
stipulated period of of 15 years, on getting information from the parent or guardian as to the
21 days of occurrence name of the child subject to payment of prescribed late fee. Said period
of birth without shall be reckoned:
her / his ‘Name’, is
permissible under (i) in case where the registration had been made prior to the date
the Act. of commencement of the Registration of Births and Deaths
(Amendment) Rules, 19…, from such date, or

(ii) in case where the registration is made after the date of


commencement of the Registration of Births and Deaths
(Amendment) Rules 19…, from the date of such registration,
subject to the provisions of sub section (4) of Section 23.

You shall
(a) if the register is in your possession forthwith enter the name in
the relevant column of the concerned form in the birth register
on payment of a late fee prescribed.

(b) if the register is not in your possession and if the information is


given orally, make a report giving necessary particulars, and, if
the information is given in writing, forward the same to the officer
specified by the State Government in this behalf for making the
necessary entry on payment of a late fee, prescribed.

Addition of name The parent or the guardian, as the case may be, shall also present
in the birth record to you, the copy of the extract given to him / her under Section 12 or
is permissible up to a certified extract issued to him / her under Section 17 and on such
1 year (without any presentation you shall make the necessary endorsement relating to
late fee) and up to the name of the child or take action as laid down in clause (b) of the
15 years (with late provision to sub-rule (1) of the said section.
fee). This provision
of the Act should
be adequately
brought out by you
to the notice of the
general public.
47 Chapter 3

CORRECTION OR CANCELLATION OF ENTRY (SECTION 15)


In general, no change is allowed in the birth and death registration
records. However, there are provisions in the Act for making correction
or cancellation under specific situations. Corrections / cancellations
are dealt under the provisions of Section 15; State Rule 11. This part
of the manual discusses the type of errors and scope of corrections
and cancellations. The errors may be categorized into three broad
types: clerical or formal error; error in substance; and fraudulent or
improper entry:

(i) Clerical or Formal error means an inadvertent /


typographical mistake.
Example:
Name of the new born was wrongly recorded as ‘Moni’ instead of
‘Munni’. In such case, the Registrar may make necessary corrections
in spellings of name of the child by making a suitable entry in the
margin of the birth register without any alteration of the original entry
after satisfying herself / himself in the matter. The Registrar shall also
have to sign the marginal entry and add thereto the date of correction.

(ii) Error in form or substance – Error that has a bearing on


identity of the person
If any person asserts that any entry in the register of births and deaths
is erroneous in substance, the Registrar may correct the entry in the
manner prescribed under Section 15 upon production by that person
a declaration setting forth the nature of the error and true facts of
the case made by two credible persons having knowledge of the
facts of the case.

Example:
a. Sex of the child reported as Male instead of Female. In this case
the Registrar can make corrections to the entry if the party produces
a declaration as to the error and the true facts of the case. Further to
it, two credible persons need to declare that they have knowledge of
the facts of the case. The Registrar is supposed to report all corrections
along with necessary details to the state Government or the officer
specified in this behalf.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 48

b. In an Institutional delivery the attendant gave for name of mother of


the new born, the nickname or short name of the mother. Later on after
registration of the event, correction is sought in name of the mother.
Since no change in the name is allowed under the Act, the Registrar
in such cases after satisfying herself / himself that the relevant entry
was improperly made and on production of satisfactory evidence by
the party concerned, add the new name using ‘alias’ with the name
originally recorded. The Registrar should thereafter send an extract of
the entry showing the error and how it has been corrected to the State
government or the officer specified in this behalf.

(iii) Fraudulent or improper entries – Entries made with an


ulterior motive.
If it is proved to the satisfaction of the Registrar that any entry in the register
of births and deaths has been fraudulently or improperly made, she / he
shall make a report giving necessary details to the officer authorized by the
Chief Registrar by general or special order in this behalf under Section 25
and on hearing from him / her take necessary action in the matter.

Example:
During a search in the birth register it was found that birth of twins
was registered under a single registration number and a single birth
certificate bearing name of both the children was issued. However, in
the remarks column of the birth register it was recorded that the birth is
of twins. In such case, it will be prudent on the part of the Registrar to
cancel this registered event and re-register as two separate events as
per the procedures prescribed.

In every case in which an entry is corrected or cancelled under this


Rule, intimation thereof should be sent to the permanent address of the
No fee is to be person who has given information under Section 8 or Section 9.
charged for
Correction / 3.A.11 Reasons for correction or cancellation of entry in the birth
Cancellation of and death register and persons responsible to carry out the same.
the event. Table below gives the probable reasons that may result or require
49 Chapter 3

correction or cancellation in the birth and death register and persons


authorized to carry out the same.

Probable Reasons Who is Responsible Remarks


Entry in the birth or death Registrar of the respective The Registrar, subject to her / his
register has clerical / formal registration unit satisfaction, correct / cancel the error
error, or is erroneous in form, by making a suitable entry in the margin
or is fraudulently or improperly In case of clerical / formal without any alteration of the original entry
made. For example: Name error:- Corrections to be and shall sign the marginal entry and add
wrongly spelt ; change of sex after made after satisfying thereto the date of correction / cancellation.
surgical operation subsequent herself / himself of the entry
Registrar can correct / cancel the entry
change); change in father’s or and inform the change made
after production of the declaration about the
mother’s name short name being to District / Chief Registrar.
error and the correct information approved
mentioned; place of birth and
by two credible persons having knowledge
death shown are different from In case of fraudulent /
of the facts of the case.
actual; improper entry due to improper entry:- Correction
some vested interest; sex of child to be done after getting
Information of correction / cancellation
is misreported due to the mistake approval from the prescribed
done shall be sent to the informant.
of the health facility staff. authority.

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. Whether the changes made in the name of father / As such changes in the name are not covered
mother through Gazette notification or otherwise under Section 15 of the Act; these need not be
subsequent to the date of registration of birth of the incorporated in the birth register.
child, could be incorporated in the birth register?
2. A death occurred in Kolkata but was registered in In such case the Registrar should cancel the
Jaipur, Rajasthan because the person was resident event registered at Jaipur. Further, as per
of Jaipur, Rajasthan. Later on the Registrar came procedures, the Registrar should also inform the
to know of the reality. He informed the family of informant as to cancellation of the event and for
the correct procedures that registration of death getting the same registered at Kolkata where
should be done at the place of occurrence. What the event had occurred.
procedures need to be followed?
3. Nick or short name of a person in his / her If the real names are not written in the birth
certificate entered and now it needs to be corrected register, they may be entered using ‘alias’ with
as his / her formal name. What procedures need to the name originally recorded in accordance with
be followed by the Registrar? the procedure laid down in the State rules.
4. Whether birth or death certificate can be issued Under the provisions of Section 5 of the IT
with digital signature? If so, who shall be authorized Act birth and death certificates under digital
to sign digitally? signature are valid documents provided that
jurisdiction of each Registrar is maintained.
5. In view of transfers / retirements of the registrars, In such a case, certificates should be issued
can certificates generated with the digital signature under manual signatures of the present
of the previous Registrar be used? Registrar till a digital signature in her / his name
is obtained. To take care of such issues, it is
recommended that digital signatures may be
restricted to a single officer having jurisdiction
over a wider area.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 50

SEARCH AND GRANT OF EXTRACT (SECTION 17)


In an earlier discussion under Para 3.A.9 it was mentioned that if an
event is reported to you for registration, you should first ensure that
it has not been registered before. Such a search is specific to avoid
duplicity of events registered. A certified extract of the search made is
to be provided to the informant in Form 10. As per Section 17 of the
Act, ‘…any person may cause a search to be made by the Registrar for
any entry in a register of births and deaths and obtain an extract from
such register relating to any birth or death…’. In this context, your role as
Registrar under the provisions Section 17 for search and grant of extract
are given as under:

3.A.12 As per Section 17 and Rules made there under, You, as Registrar /
Sub-Registrar is to make search for any entry requested for in the birth or
death register subject to payment of fee as prescribed in the Rules.

¡ Any person can apply either for search of an event alone or for both
search and issue of extract.

¡ You need to issue such extracts in the prescribed Form No.5 in case
of births and in Form No.6 in case of deaths. If search is requested
to be made over birth and death registers of more than one year, you
need to charge search fee for all the years for which search is made.

¡ All extracts given under Section 17 (1) (b) are required to be


certified by YOU.

¡ The certificate / extract issued by YOU shall be admissible in


evidence for the purpose of proving the birth and death to which
the entry relates.

Having made the search, if the particular entry for which search was
made in the register is not found, YOU may issue a Non – Availability
Certificate (Form 10).

Remember, in case of the extract relating to a death, the particulars


regarding the cause of death as entered in the registered are not to be
disclosed..
51 Chapter 3

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. Whether a person can apply for a Under the Rules made by the State Government, under Section
search only or he has to apply for 17 of the Act, separate provisions together with fees therefore,
search as well as grant of extract at exist for causing the search of the event and for giving extract
the same time? from the register relating to a birth or death. In view of the
aforesaid provisions, it would be possible to apply only for
causing a search for any entry in the register and he need not
apply for both – search and obtaining an extract. She / He can
be informed regarding the existence of the event in the register.
2. Whether a column regarding cause As per RBD Act, 1969 the cause of death cannot be disclosed by
of death can be inserted in the the Registrar to any person seeking extract under Section 17 of
death certificate issued by the the Act and hence Form No. 6, does not include it.
Registrar in Form No. 6?

REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF CITIZENS OUTSIDE


INDIA (SECTION 20)
Special provisions have been made under Section 20 of the Act for
Registration of children born to citizens of India outside India. These are
discussed as under:

3.A.13 Registration of births of citizens of India outside India is done at


the Indian Missions under the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955) and
every such registration is deemed to have been made under the RBD
Act, 1969 [Section 20 (1)].

¡ In case the parents of the child return to India with a view to settling
therein, they may within 60 days of the arrival of the child in India,
get the birth registered in the same manner as if the child was born
in India. Place of birth will be recorded as same where the child was
born. You would be required to collect a copy of the birth certificate
or equivalent issued by the Indian Mission under the Citizenship Act,
1955 (57 of 1955) for your records.

¡ However, if registration is done after 60 days, provisions of Section


13 (Delayed registration) shall apply [Section 20 (2)].

Deaths to Indian citizens outside India cannot be registered in India.


Such deaths are registered at the Indian Consulates under the
Citizenship Act 1955 and would deem to have been made under the
RBD Act 1969 [Section 20 (1)]. The certificate of death issued under the
Citizenship Act is treated as a valid document under the RBD Act.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 52

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. If a death of an Indian occurred outside Registration of death occurring outside India cannot be
India but the family decided to cremate registered in India. Such deaths registered at the Indian
the dead body in India, what needs to Consulates under the Citizenship Act 1955 would deem to
be done for death registration? have been made under the RBD Act 1969. The certificate
issued under this Act is treated as the valid document.
2. In case an NRI from Kerala comes RBD Act allows Indian citizens to register births of their
back to India and decides to settle in children at the place of their intended residence, within 60
Mumbai, where would birth of their days after their return to India with a view to settling here.
child born outside India be registered? Since intended residence is Mumbai, the birth would be
Mumbai or Kerala? registered at Mumbai.

POWER OF REGISTRARS (SECTION 21)


Under the provision of Section 21 of the Act, each Registrar may either
orally or in writing require any person to furnish any information within
his / her knowledge in connection with a birth or death in the locality
within which such person resides and that person shall be bound
to comply with such requisition. This section is primarily intended to
discuss the powers bestowed upon you under the Act as Registrar of
Births and Deaths and to help you appreciate the same.

3.A.14 YOU as Registrar have the powers to obtain information


regarding any birth or death occurring within your jurisdiction. It is
expected of you to inform yourself carefully of every birth or death which
take place in your jurisdiction and take steps to ascertain and register
the particulars required to be registered.

Where registration of a birth, stillbirth or death in the area under your


jurisdiction is done based on the information provided to you by the
Informant or the Notifier, the same can also be done by you suo moto.

YOU can as per the powers bestowed upon you under the Act,
recommend to the District / Chief Registrar for imposition of fine under
Section 23 on a person who:

¡ fails to give without reasonable cause, any information which she /


he is duty bound to give under the provisions of Sections 8 and 9
(maximum fine Rs. Fifty)
¡ gives or causes to be given, for the purpose of being inserted in any
register of birth or death, any information which the person knows or
believes to be false (maximum fine Rs. Fifty)
53 Chapter 3

¡ refuses to write her / his name, description and place of abode or to


put thumb mark in the register as required under Section 11 of the
Act (maximum fine Rs. Fifty)
¡ (medical practitioner) neglects or refuses to issue a certificate under
sub-section (3) of Section 10 and any person who neglects or refuses
to deliver such certificate (maximum fine Rs. Fifty)
¡ without reasonable cause, contravenes (violates, resists, breach
which could be considered as counter action) any provision of the Act
(maximum fine Rs. Ten)

Remember! It is not the Penalty but the feeling of being


punished, which matters

MEDICAL CERTIFICATION OF CAUSES OF DEATH


(SECTION 10)

The scheme of medical certification of cause of death (MCCD) was


introduced under the Civil Registration System to generate regular
and reliable estimates of cause-specific mortality in the country.
Mortality data by specific causes is required to analyze heath trends of
population. Prevalence of diseases, evaluation of risks of death from
various causes at different ages, proportion of deaths occurring in
hospital, etc. is useful for the public health planners and administrators
as well as the medical scientists and the researchers. Medical
Certification of Causes of Death is dealt under Section 10 of the RBD
Act and the scheme is applicable to such hospitals as notified by the
State Government / UT Administration from time to time.

3.A.15 Provision has been kept in the Act for certification of cause of
death by a medical practitioner who attended the deceased during her /
his last illness while in an Institution (Form 4) or outside Institution
(Form 4A). After filling up the cause of death in Form 4 or 4A, the same
should be sent to the concerned Registrar along with death report Form
2 [Section 10 (2) and 10 (3)].

For non-institutional deaths, where the deceased prior to her / his death
was under treatment of a medical practitioner, the certificate of cause
of death by the medical practitioner in Form 4A need be sent to the
concerned Registrar through the person responsible for reporting non-
institutional deaths, for registration of the death event.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 54

In case of violent deaths and other medico legal cases usually brought
to the notice of a medical examiner at the post mortem stage, the
certificate may be filled by the medical examiner on the basis of
evidence noticed by him / her.

Tabulation of information on cause specific mortality is done as per


the National List of Classification of Diseases which is based on the
International Classification of Diseases (ICD) – 10.

Registration of Births and Deaths in different situations

This part of the manual deals with the registration of births and deaths
in situations not directly covered under the Act.

REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS IN DIFFERENT


SITUATIONS

REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS OF CHILDREN TAKEN ON ADOPTION


3.A.16 Procedure for registration of birth of children taken on adoption
(through institutions and outside institutions) is prescribed below. A new
Birth Reporting Form-1A, namely “Birth Report for adopted child” has been
introduced to facilitate the adoptive parents have a proper birth certificate
with their name as the parents. All adoptions are subject to order of the
Magistrate having jurisdiction over the area in which the event falls.

In situations where natural parents of the child to be adopted are not


known, the exact date and place of birth of the child which are crucial to
birth registration are also not known. In such case:

¡ Date of birth to be recorded in the birth register will be subject to


the certificate granted by the Chief Medical Officer / duly licensed
physician and the order passed by the Magistrate in the matter.

¡ As Registrar, You would be required to make an entry in the


‘Remarks’ column in the birth register giving details of the court
order along with the date on which the order is passed, at the time
of entering or correcting relevant details (date of birth, place of birth,
etc.) in the register.

¡ A birth certificate is to be issued after adoption to provide for a


change in the name of the child and adoptive parent / parents
55 Chapter 3

on an order from the court, which it had passed for issuing the
birth certificate.

¡ The birth certificate should not reflect that the child is adopted.

A large number of adoptions do take place outside the institutional


arrangements - For example, children are taken on adoption from relatives
or friends. In such cases, it would be sufficient if the Magistrate having
jurisdiction over the area passes an order approving the particulars of the
adoptive parents to be entered / altered in the birth register / certificate
and also pass an order for issuing a second birth certificate.

REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS OF CHILDREN BORN THROUGH


SURROGACY / ART / IVF TECHNIQUE
3.A.17 Over time issue of children born through Surrogacy, Assisted
Reproductive Technology (ART) and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) technique
is gaining prominence. In such cases, the birth certificate shall be
in the name of genetic parents (ORGI letter no. 8/9/2008 - VS CRS
dated 01‑09-2008).

In case of entry of name of single parent (Mother) in the birth record


of children born through IVF (in vitro fertilization), the entry of name of
father should be left blank in the birth record. However, necessary entry
should be made in the remarks column of birth register that the child
was born through IVF / Artificial Insemination with Donor Semen (AID),
hence the name of father is not indicated (Clarification issued by ORGI
vide letter no. 1/37/2004- VS CRS dated 23-02-2009).

REGISTRATION OF DEATHS OF MISSING PERSONS


3.A.18 There are instances, where a person is missing but the family
does not have her / his current status i.e. whether the person is alive
or dead. YOU may come across with such situations where people
ask you for providing death certificate for missing persons. You would
require information on date and place of death of the person to register
her / his death. But the informant or notifier may not be able to provide
this information. In such situation you may find it difficult to register
such deaths. Here we provide you with details to help you out in such
a situation.

¡ Ordinarily, if the person is missing or unheard, she / he shall be


presumed to be dead by the court under Section 107 and 108 of
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 56

Indian Evidence Act on expiry of seven years from the date missing
and not earlier.

¡ The presumption of death and its date and place of occurrence is


a matter of burden of proof. The same may be determined by the
competent court / authority on being approached by the plantiff
based on the oral and documentary evidence produced before the
court. If the Court does not mention the date of death in its order,
the date on which plaintiff approached to the Court would be taken
as the date of death.

REGISTRATION OF DEATHS IN NATURAL CALAMITIES AND


DISASTERS
At the time of natural calamities such as Tsunami, Earthquake,
Flood, etc. and disasters such as sever accidents resulting in mass
causalities, special arrangements such as appointment of Sub
Registrars with sufficient power for on the spot registration of the
deaths and issuance of death certificates needs to be made. These
are discussed in the following paragraphs:

3.A.19 In such cases it will be necessary to gear up the registration


machinery in the affected areas by opening registration counters at
the places where bodies are disposed of, at the mortuaries where
the bodies are kept and appointing sub-registrars under Section 7(5)
of RBD Act, 1969 for a specified period for on the spot registration of
deaths and issuance of death certificates. This would be necessary
considering the fact that work load in such a scenario would be too
high and difficult for the local registrar to manage.

MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS AND STATISTICS


(SECTION 16 AND 19)

One of YOUR responsibilities as Registrar / Sub- Registrar of Births and


Deaths is to keep in prescribed form the Registers of births and deaths
for the registration area under your jurisdiction and submit periodically
in prescribed format a consolidated report of the events registered,
to the specified authority. This section is meant to apprise you of your
responsibilities to maintain the records and statistics as required
under Section 16 and 19 of the Act.

3.A.20 The Legal information part in the Birth, Death and Still birth
57 Chapter 3

Reporting forms (Forms 1, 2 and 3) after the Statistical information part


is detached from the Reporting form constitutes the Register of Birth,
Death and Still birth (Forms 7, 8 and 9) respectively.

3.A.21 Following forms have been prescribed under the State Rules for
carrying out the registration work:

Form No. Forms


1 Birth report
1A Birth report for Adopted Children
2 Death report
3 Still Birth report
4 Medical Certificate of Cause of Death for institutional deaths
4A Medical Certificate of Cause of Death for non-institutional deaths
5 Certificate of Birth
6 Certificate of Death
7 Birth Register
8 Death Register
9 Still Birth Register
10 Non-availability certificate
11 Summary monthly report of Births
12 Summary monthly report of Deaths
13 Summary monthly report of Still births

¡ Reporting Form Nos. 1, 2 and 3 have space for Informant’s name


and Address and her / his Signature or thumb impression with date.

¡ Forms 4 and 4A for Institutional and Non-institutional deaths


respectively are meant for recording the cause of death. These forms
are not to be used for still births.

¡ Forms 5 and 6 are meant to provide soon after registration of birth or


death has been completed, the extract of prescribed particulars from the
register relating to birth or death respectively. In case you come across
such situation where you have to provide still birth certificate, extract
from Stillbirth Register (Form 9) can be issued in Form No. 5 after making
appropriate change in the wordings therein viz. following information has
been take from the original records of Still birth … date of still birth and
place of still birth, instead of word “Birth” given in that form.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 58

3.A.22 After the process of registration is complete, you as Registrar


would be required to fill in the box below the Legal and Statistical
information on the Birth, Stillbirth and Death Reporting forms (Form 1,
2, and 3 respectively), the requisite registration / geographical details
viz. Registration number, Registration date, Name and Code of the
District, Tahsil, Town / Village, Registration unit, in the space assigned
for the purpose. It may be noted that geographical details of all events
within a registration unit will be the same. In the Death Reporting form
(Form 2), you should ensure that the unit of age viz. year, month, day
After detaching or hour has been precisely indicated. Where the scheme of MCCD is
‘Statistical part’ from in operation, you as Registrar should ensure that each institutional
the Birth, Death and death reported to you in Form 2 is accompanied by Form 4 - Medical
Stillbirth Reporting Certificate of Cause of Death for institutional deaths. Having filled up
Forms (Form 1, the requisite details, you should detach the Statistical portion from the
2, 3 respectively), Reporting form and keep it serially month wise in a folder for dispatch
the ‘Legal part’ of to the prescribed authority on a monthly basis. The Legal portion of the
reporting forms Birth, Death and Still birth Reporting forms kept serially in separate
becomes Birth, Death folders would constitute the Birth, Death and Still birth registers (Form
and Stillbirth Register 7, 8, and 9 respectively). Please remember that birth, death and
(Form No. 7, 8, and 9 stillbirth events reported to you for registration during the year are to be
respectively). registered by giving a fresh registration number starting 1st January.

The birth, death and stillbirth events registered with a Registration


Center are to be reported to the prescribe authority on a regular and
timely basis. Three forms, namely, Form No 11-Summary Monthly
Report of Births, Form No 12- Summary Monthly Report of Deaths
and Form No 13-Summary Monthly Report of Stillbirths have been
prescribed for the purpose. These have to be filled-up and sent to the
prescribed authority along with the Statistical part of the Reporting form
on a monthly basis so as to reach him on or before 5th of the following
month. This is explained as under:

Time schedule From To Remarks


Monthly Registrar District Within first five days of the following
Urban Registrar month for which information is sent
Registrar Block Within first five days of the following
Rural Level month for which information is sent.
Block level officers compile and
consolidate the report of entire block
and send it to district level
59 Chapter 3

FIGURE 8: FLOW CHART OF REPORTING SYSTEM

Registrar

Monthly Report on Registered Births and Deaths (up to 5th of next month)

District Registrar

Consolidated Monthly Returns on registered births and deaths for the


district (up to 10th of next month)

Chief Registrar

The flow of monthly reports is shown in Figure 8. The process of


maintenance of statistical records discussed in the aforesaid paragraph
has been summarized as under:

¡ The birth, death and stillbirth events reported to you for registration
during the year are to be registered by giving a fresh registration
number starting 1st January.

¡ Detach the Statistical part of the Reporting form from the Legal part.

¡ Arrange the legal and statistical parts serially and month-wise for
each calendar year. The legal part so separated would constitute the
Birth Register, the Death Register and the Stillbirth Register (Form
Nos. 7, 8 and 9) respectively.

¡ Prepare monthly Summary Forms (Live Births in Form 11; Deaths


in Form 12 and Still Births in Form 13) and dispatch along with the
Statistical portion of the Reporting Forms to the officer prescribed in
the rules so as to reach him on or before 5th of the following month.

¡ In case of Registrar of Municipality / Municipal Corporation, the


summary report is to be sent directly to the District Registrar.

¡ Where the scheme of Medical Certification of Causes of Death


(MCCD) is in operation, ensure that each institutional death reported
to you in Form 2 is accompanied by ‘Form 4 - Medical Certificate of
Cause of Death for institutional deaths’. Such form shall be retained
for a period of 5 years.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 60

3.A.23 Remember that legal part of Births and Deaths registers are
records of permanent importance and must not be destroyed.

¡ The Registers of Births and Deaths are to be kept by the Registrar


in his / her possession and safe custody for a period of 12 months
or for a period specified in the State rules. Thereafter they may be
transferred to the District / Block Registrar for preservation.

3.A.24 The Registrar should at the end of the year bind separately the
Register of births, deaths and stillbirths and record details viz. Year of
registration, number of records, etc on the front page of the binding and
submit this to the higher authority for preservation of records.

LEGAL RECOGNITION OF ELECTRONIC RECORDS


3.A.25 With the change in technology in the past two decades, several
of the registration centers across the better performing States / UTs
have switched over the registration work from the usual paper form
mode to the electronic form mode.

Section 4 of the IT Act, 2000 allows maintaining birth and death records
in electronic format provided that the information contained therein
remain accessible for subsequent reference.

ENSURING 100% REGISTRATION

As per the RBD Act, 1969 your responsibility is not only to register the
birth, stillbirth and death events reported to you from the area under
your jurisdiction but to also keep yourself informed carefully of each
birth, stillbirth and death which takes place therein and to ascertain
and register the particulars required to be registered. The emphasis as
such is to achieve cent per cent registration in your area.

It is necessary to reinforce that you as Registrar / Sub-Registrar should


adopt a more pro-active approach to registration. It would be necessary
to cast a duty upon yourself to register each case of birth and death
within your jurisdiction irrespective of whether formal information as to
the occurrence of a birth or death event has been provided to you by
the Informant / Notifier. In fact, under provisions of the Act registration
could be done based on the information from Informant / Notifier or
even Suo motu by the Registrar.
61 Chapter 3

FIGURE 9: ENSURING 100% BIRTH AND DEATH REGISTRATION

Create public
awareness and
the demand for
birth / death
certificates

Capacity
Link benefits to strengthening
registration of of yourself,
birth/death informants and
REGISTRATION notifiers
OF ALL BIRTHS
AND DEATHS

Ensuring
Be aware of cent percent
your roles and registration of
responsibilities institutional
events

3.A.26 You would appreciate that although registration is a single


activity, its scope is multi-dimensional (Fig. 9). It would, as such, be
necessary to explore all that would be required to achieve the goal of
cent percent registration

3.A.27 The indicator ‘Level of Registration’ of birth or death for some


registration area describes the extent to which registration of such event
is complete in that area. Expressed as a percentage, it is calculated
as the number of registered births, deaths to the total number of such
events available for registration in that area during the year. For want
of actual number of births, deaths available for registration, these are
estimated using the Sample Registration System (SRS) birth / death
rate and the estimated mid-year population.

The States / UTs in India are at different levels of registration with some
of them even having achieved cent per cent levels. To achieve 100%
registration across the board - awareness about need, importance and
benefits of registration; increased utility of registration certificates;
knowledge of the registration functionaries as to rules, duties and
responsibilities; complete coverage of institutions reporting occurrence
of the vital events; proper allocation of funds by the State Governments
for implementation of the CRS scheme; etc. needs to be ensured.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 62

3.A.28 The number of registered events can be matched with those


reported by the health institutions, ANMs, AWWs registers to know the
possible gaps, if any.

3.A.29 Organizing local meetings - Gram panchayat, Village Health and


Sanitation Committee, Village Health and Nutrition Day, to identify the
left out events will also be a step forward in this direction.

3.A.30 Linking registration with the government schemes may create


demand for. For example, birth certificate required for Laadli scheme.
Besides, intensified publicity through various electronic and print media
would be a step forward towards creating awareness among the public
on registration of births and deaths and would be of help to achieve the
target of 100% registration.

Responsibilities are not burden. Don’t be afraid of it. It gives


you an opportunity to utilize your potential to the fullest and
contribute to others’ lives significantly.

KEY MESSAGES

¡ Understand the responsibilities casted upon YOU under


RBD Act, 1969 and play your role effectively

¡ Informants and notifiers are key persons who provide


information to you

¡ There is timeframe for registration of events

¡ Registration after 21 days is to be done as per the


provisions of delayed registration with fee

¡ Ensure pre-requisites, like stationery

¡ Sent Monthly reports to your higher authorities.

¡ Ensure civil registration has become a regular agenda in


all meetings

¡ Use your powers to obtain information


63 Chapter 3

3.B GUIDELINES FOR DISTRICT


AND ADDITIONAL DISTRICT
REGISTRARS

For each revenue district in the State, there is a District Registrar.


District remains the basic administrative unit within the State not only
for effective implementation of the RBD Act but also for the smooth
flow of information. The performance of each district crucially depends
upon the effective implementation of the Civil Registration System and
coordination among the stakeholder departments.

3.B.1 You as the District Registrar would be responsible for executing


the provisions of the RBD Act in the district under the direction of the
Chief Registrar and related Government orders (Section 6.2). Your prime
responsibility is to:

¡ Direct and supervise all the Registrars functioning under you to


ensure effective implementation of civil registration system in
the district
¡ Submit on a monthly basis to the Chief Registrar a consolidated
report of the births, deaths and still births registered in your district
for generation of reports thereon. The consolidated report should
be sent not later than 10th of the following month to which the
report correspond
¡ Arrange capacity building programs for the Registrars
¡ Monitor and supervise registration offices and the registers
kept therein
¡ Give written permission under delayed registration as prescribed
in the rules
¡ Manage district and sub-district level coordination committees
¡ Impose penalty in case of non-reporting, false reporting and
negligence of duty under the provisions of the Act
¡ Organize studies to identify better and poor performing
registration areas
¡ Create awareness of the importance of birth and death registration

3.B.2 The State government may also appoint, under Section 6 (1)
of the Act, Additional District Registrar for each revenue district. The
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 64

Additional District Registrar so appointed would function under your


supervision and direction and would be responsible for executing in the
district the provisions of the Act and orders of the State Government
issued from time to time for the purposes of this Act.

KEY MESSAGES

¡ Ensure quality of information on the basis of:


— Completeness
— Timeliness
— Accuracy
— Uniformity to ensure comparability

¡ Monitor registration of events (live and still births; deaths)


and delivery of registration certificates

¡ Institute a mechanism for regular supervision of


registration centers / hospitals

¡ Strengthen capacity of CRS functionaries

¡ Utilize the civil registration data for district planning


65 Chapter 3

3.C GUIDELINES FOR CHIEF


REGISTRARS, ADDITIONAL AND
DEPUTY CHIEF REGISTRARS
Appointed by the State Government, Chief Registrar of Births and
Deaths is the Chief Executive Authority in the state and is responsible
for executing provisions of RBD Act and the rules and orders made there
under [Section 4 (1) & (3)].

3.C.1 You as the Chief Registrar will be required to:


¡ supervise the work of registration in the state
¡ issue suitable instructions to coordinate and unify the registration
work following provision of the RBD Act and rules framed there under
¡ give directions to other registration functionaries with such
designation appointed for implementation of provisions of the Act for
securing an efficient system of registration
¡ establish registration units in adequate numbers to provide easy
accessibility to the public, and
¡ appoint Registration functionaries

As the chief executive authority for registration of births and deaths you
should for implementation of an efficient system of registration in your
state take appropriate measures to:

¡ enhance capacity building of all registration functionaries by


arranging periodic training courses for them

¡ overall coordinate the registration work including intra and inter


departmental coordination

¡ ensure availability of sufficient stationery at each of the registration


centers for registration of births and deaths
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 66

SUBMISSION OF ANNUAL REPORTS

3.C.2 You as, Chief Registrar, are required to compile the registration
data received from all the districts and prepare a statistical report
thereon for each calendar year (January-December). Please ensure
that the Statistical report contains the tables in prescribed formats
and is compiled for each year before 31st July of the year immediately
following and is published as soon as may be thereafter but in any case
not later than 5 months from that date. In Total 53 tables are to be
generated out of which 23 Tables are on Birth registration, 21 Tables
on Deaths registration, 7 tables on the Still Birth registration and 2
Statements on Reporting.

You are also required to prepare an Annual Report on the Working of the
Act and submit the same to the State Government by 31st of July of the
year following the year to which the report relates.

Doubts and Clarifications

Sl. No. Doubt Clarification


1. Can the Registrar launch prosecution If the Medical Officer-In-Charge does not report an event in
against the defaulting Medical Officer prescribed time limit, s/he becomes liable to pay late fee and
in-charge (informant) for failure to get even penalty as provided under Section 13 and 23 of the
the institutional events registered? Act. Prosecution if need be, can be done as provided under
Section 25 by an official authorized by the Chief Registrar.
2. Can the events be registered during Irrespective of prosecution proceedings the Medical Officer-
prosecution proceedings? In-Charge is duty bound to get the event registered as per
relevant provision of the Act, depending on the delay, etc.
3. Can the events be registered if the Launching of prosecution or compounding of offences
offences for not reporting births and against a person does not hinder completing the process of
deaths are compounded? compulsory registration as per provision of Section 13(4) of
the Act. Action under Section 13 will be without prejudice to
any action taken under Section 23 or 24 of the Act
4. Is the Medical Officer required to pay The person concerned is required to pay the late registration
the late registration fee along with the fees along with the penalty that may be imposed under
fines imposed under Section 23 or 24? Section 23 or 24.
5. Will the fines imposed by the law courts Fine will have to be borne by the concerned Medical Officer
or the late fees payable for delayed him/herself and not by the institutions as s/he is specified
registration be borne by the defaulting to be duty bound to report events occurring in the institution
Medical Officer him / herself or by the under Section 8 (1)(b) of the Act.
institutions from the Government /
Local Body funds?
67 Chapter 3

KEY MESSAGES

¡ Monitor reporting and registration levels of each district on


monthly basis

¡ Institute a mechanism for supervision

¡ Ensure coordination within the department and with


departments engaged in Civil Registration

¡ Submit reports timely

¡ Utilize the civil registration data for planning at all levels


(local to State)
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 68

Annexures
ANNEXURE I: THE REGISTRATION OF
BIRTHS AND DEATHS
ACT, 1969
ANNEXURE II: MODEL REGISTRATION
OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS
RULES, 1999
ANNEXURE III: INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING
UP BIRTH, DEATH AND
STILLBIRTH REPORT FORMS
ANNEXURE IV: INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FILLING UP BIRTH REPORT
FORM FOR ADOPTED CHILD
ANNEXURE V: CRS FORMS
69 Annexure I

ANNEXURE I: THE REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS


AND DEATHS ACT, 1969
(Act No. 18 of 1969)
[31st May 1969]

An Act to provide for the regulation of registration of births and deaths and
for matters connected therewith.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Twentieth Year of the Republic of India


as follows:

CHAPTER I: PRELIMINARY expulsion or extraction from its mother of


a product of conception irrespective of the
1. SHORT TITLE, EXTENT AND duration of pregnancy;
COMMENCEMENT
(1) This Act may be called the Registration of (d) “live-birth” means the complete expulsion
Births and Deaths Act, 1969. of extraction from its mother of a product
of conception, irrespective of the duration
(2) It extends to the whole of India. of pregnancy, which, after such expulsion
or extraction, breathes or shows any other
(3) It shall come into force in a State on such evidence of life, and each product of such
date1 as the Central Government may, by birth is considered live-born;
notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:
(e) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules
Provided that different dates may be appointed made under this Act;
for different parts of a State.
(f) “State Government”, in relation to a Union
2. DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION territory, means the Administrator thereof;
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise
requires, (g) “still-birth” means foetal death where a
product of conception has attained at
(a) “birth” means live-birth or still-birth; least the prescribed period of gestation.

(b) “death” means the permanent (2) Any reference in this Act to any law which is
disappearance of all evidence of life at not in force in any area shall, in relation to
any time after live-birth has taken place; that area, be construed as a reference to the
corresponding law, if any, in force in that area.
(c) “foetal death” means absence of all
evidence of life prior to the complete 1. See page 80
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 70

CHAPTER II: REGISTRATION into execution the provisions of this Act


ESTABLISHMENT and the rules and orders made there under
subject to the directions, if any, given by the
3. REGISTRAR GENERAL, INDIA State Government.
(1) The Central Government may, by notification
in the Official Gazette, appoint a person to be (4) The Chief Registrar shall take steps by the
known as the Registrar-General, India. issue of suitable instructions or otherwise,
to co-ordinate, unify and supervise the work
(2) The Central Government may also appoint of registration in the State for securing an
such other officers with such designations efficient system of registration and shall
as it thinks fit for the purpose of discharging, prepare and submit to the State Government,
under the superintendence and direction in such manner and at such intervals as may
of the Registrar-General, such functions be prescribed, a report on the working of
of the Registrar-General under this Act as this Act in the State along with the statistical
he may, from time to time, authorize them report referred to in sub- section (2) of
to discharge. section 19.

(3) The Registrar-General may issue general 5. REGISTRATION DIVISIONS


directions regarding registration of births The State Government may, by notification in
and deaths in the territories to which this the Official Gazette, divide the territory within
Act extends, and shall take steps to co- the State into such registration divisions as it
ordinate and unify the activities of Chief may think fit and prescribe different rules for
Registrars in the matter of registration of different registration divisions.
births and deaths and submit to the Central
Government an annual report on the working 6. DISTRICT REGISTRAR
of this Act in the said territories. (1) The State Government may appoint a District
Registrar for each revenue district and such
4. CHIEF REGISTRAR number of Additional District Registrars as
(1) The State Government may, by notification in it thinks fit who shall, subject to the general
the Official Gazette, appoint a Chief Registrar control and direction of the District Registrar,
for the State. discharge such functions of the district
Registrar as the District Registrar may, from
(2) The State Government may also appoint time to time, authorize them to discharge.
such other officers with such designations
as it thinks fit for the purpose of discharging, (2) The District Registrar shall superintend,
under the superintendence and direction of subject to the direction of the Chief Registrar,
the Chief Registrar, such of his functions as the Registration of births and deaths in the
he may, from time to time, authorize them district and shall be responsible for carrying
to discharge. into execution in the district the provisions of
this Act and the orders of the Chief Registrar
(3) The Chief Registrar shall be the chief issued from time to time for the purpose
executive authority in the State for carrying of this Act.
71 Annexure I

7. REGISTRARS (3) Every Registrar shall have an office in the


(1) The State Government may appoint a local area for which he is appointed.
Registrar for each local area comprising the
area within the jurisdiction of a municipality, (4) Every Registrar shall attend his office for the
Panchayat or other local authority or any purpose of registering births and deaths on
other area or a combination of any two or such days and at such hours as the Chief
more of them: Registrar may direct and shall cause to be
placed in some conspicuous place on or near
Provided that the State Government may the outer door of the office of the Registrar
appoint in the case of a municipality, a board bearing, in the local language, his
Panchayat or other local authority, any officer name with the addition of Registrar of Births
or other employee thereof as a Registrar. and Deaths for the local area for which he
is appointed, and the days and hours of his
(2) Every Registrar shall, without fee or reward, attendance.
enter in the register maintained for the
purpose all information given to him under (5) The Registrar may, with the prior approval of
section 8 or section 9 and shall also take the Chief Registrar, appoint Sub-Registrars
steps to inform himself carefully of every and assign to them any or all of his powers
birth and of every death which takes place in and duties in relation to specified areas
his jurisdiction and to ascertain and register within his jurisdiction.
the particulars required to be registered.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 72

CHAPTER III: REGISTRATION OF boarding house, lodging house, tavern,


BIRTHS AND DEATHS barrack, toddy shop or place of public
resort, the person in charge thereof ;
8. PERSONS REQUIRED TO REGISTER
BIRTHS AND DEATHS (e) in respect of any new-born child or dead
(1) It shall be the duty of the persons specified body found deserted in a public place, the
below to give or cause to be given, either headman or other corresponding officer
orally or in writing, according to the best of of the village in the case of a village and
their knowledge and belief, within such time officer in charge of the local police station
as may be prescribed, information to the elsewhere:
Registrar of the several particulars required
to be entered in the forms prescribed by the Provided that any person who finds such
State Government under sub-section (1) of child or dead body, or in whose charge
section 16,– such child or dead body may be placed,
shall notify such fact to the headman or
(a) in respect of births and deaths in a house, officer aforesaid;
whether residential or non-residential,
not being any place referred to in clauses (f) in any other place, such person as may be
(b) to (e), the head of the house or, in prescribed.
case more than one household live in
the house, the head of the household, (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in
the head being the person, who is so sub-section (1), the State Government,
recognized by the house or the household, having regard to the conditions obtaining
and if he is not present in the house at in a registration division, may be order
any time during the period within which require that for such period as may be
the birth or death has to be reported, specified in the order, any person specified
the nearest relative of the head present by the State Government by designation in
in the house, and in the absence of any this behalf, shall give or cause to be given
such person, the oldest adult male person information regarding births and deaths
present therein during the said period; in a house referred to in clause (a) of sub-
section (1) instead of the persons specified
(b) in respect of births and deaths in a in that clause.
hospital, health center, maternity or
nursing home or other like institution, the 9. SPECIAL PROVISION REGARDING BIRTHS
medical officer in charge or any person AND DEATHS IN A PLANTATION
authorized by him in this behalf; In the case of births and deaths in a plantation,
the superintendent of the plantation shall
(c) in respect of births and deaths in a jail, give or cause to be given to the Registrar the
the jailor in charge ; information referred to in section 8:

(d) in respect of births and deaths in a Provided that the persons referred to in
choultry, chattram, hostel, dharmasala, clauses (a) to (f) of sub-section (i) of section 8
73 Annexure I

shall furnish the necessary particulars to the the cause of death shall be obtained by the
superintendent of the plantation. Registrar from such person and in such form
as may be prescribed.
Explanation – In this section, the expression
“plantation” means any land not less than four (3) Where the State Government has required
hectares in extent which is being prepared for under sub-section (2) that a certificate as
the production of, or actually produces, tea, to the cause of death shall be obtained,
coffee, pepper, rubber, cardamom, cinchona or in the event of the death of any person
such other products as the State Government who, during his last illness was attended
may, by notification in the Official Gazette, by a medical practitioner, the medical
specify and the expression “superintendent of practitioner shall, after the death of that
the plantation” means the person having the person, forthwith, issue without charging
charge or supervision of the labourers and work any fee, to the person required under this
in the plantation whether called a manager, Act to give information concerning the
superintendent or by any other name. death, a certificate in the prescribed form
stating to the best of his knowledge and
10. DUTY OF CERTAIN PERSONS TO NOTIFY belief the cause of death; and the certificate
BIRTHS AND DEATHS AND TO CERTIFY shall be received and delivered by such
CAUSE OF DEATH person to the Registrar at the time of
(1) It shall be the duty of— giving information concerning the death as
required by this Act.
(i) the midwife or any other medical or health
attendant at a birth or death, 11. INFORMANT TO SIGN THE REGISTER
Every person who has orally given to the
(ii) the keeper or the owner of a place set Registrar any information required under this
apart for the disposal of dead bodies or Act shall write in the register maintained in
any person required by a local authority to this behalf, his name, description and place
be present at such place, or of abode, and, if he cannot write, shall put his
thumb mark in the register against his name,
(iii) any other person whom the State description and place of abode, the particulars
Government may specify in this behalf by being in such a case entered by the Registrar.
his designation, to notify every birth or
death or both at which he or she attended 12. EXTRACTS OF REGISTRATION ENTRIES
or was present, or which occurred in TO BE GIVEN TO INFORMANT
such areas as may be prescribed, to the The Registrar shall, as soon as the registration
Registrar within such time and in such of a birth or death has been completed,
manner as may be prescribed. give, free of charge, to the person who gives
information under section 8 or section 9 an
(2) In any area, the State Government, having extract of the prescribed particulars under his
regard to the facilities available therein in this hand from the register relating to such birth
behalf, may require that a certificate as to or death.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 74

13. DELAYED REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS register any birth or death within the time
AND DEATHS specified therefore and any such birth or
(1) Any birth or death of which information is death may be registered during the pendency
given to the Registrar after the expiry of the of any such action.
period specified therefore, but within thirty
days of its occurrence, shall be registered 14. REGISTRATION OF NAME OF CHILD
on payment of such late fee as may Where the birth of any child has been registered
be prescribed. without a name, the parent or guardian of such
child shall within the prescribed period give
(2) Any birth or death of which delayed information regarding the name of the child
information is given to the Registrar to the Registrar either orally or in writing and
after thirty days but within one year of its thereupon the Registrar shall enter such name
occurrence shall be registered only with the in the register and initial and date of the entry.
written permission of the prescribed authority
and on payment of the prescribed fee and 15. CORRECTION OR CANCELLATION
the production of an affidavit made before a OF ENTRY IN THE REGISTER OF BIRTHS
notary public or any other officer authorized AND DEATHS
in this behalf by the State Government. If it is proved to the satisfaction of the Registrar
that any entry of a birth or death in any register
(3) Any birth or death which has not been kept by him under this Act is erroneous in
registered within one year of its occurrence, form or substance, or has been fraudulently
shall be registered only on an order made by or improperly made, he may, subject to such
a magistrate of the first class or a Presidency rules as may be made by the State Government
Magistrate after verifying the correctness with respect to the conditions on which and
of the birth or death and on payment of the circumstances in which such entries may
the prescribed fee. be corrected or cancelled, correct the error or
cancel the entry by suitable entry in the margin,
(4) The provisions of this section shall be without without any alteration of the original entry, and
prejudice to any action that may be taken shall sign the marginal entry and add thereto
against a person for failure on his part to the date of the correction or cancellation.
75 Annexure I

CHAPTER IV: MAINTENANCE OF the particulars regarding the cause of


RECORDS AND STATISTICS death as entered in the register.

16. REGISTRARS TO KEEP REGISTERS IN (2) All extracts given under this section shall be
THE PRESCRIBED FORM certified by the Registrar or any other officer
(1) Every Registrar shall keep in the prescribed authorised by the State Government to give
form a register of births and deaths for such extracts as provided in section 76 of
the registration area or any part thereof in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872),
relation to which he exercises jurisdiction. and shall be admissible in evidence for the
purpose of proving the birth or death to
(2) The Chief Registrar shall cause to be printed which the entry relates.
and supplied a sufficient number of register
books for making entries of births and deaths 18. INSPECTION OF REGISTRATION OFFICES
according to such forms and instructions as The registration offices shall be inspected
may, from time to time, be prescribed; and and the registers kept therein shall be
a copy of such forms in the local language examined in such manner and by such
shall be posted in some conspicuous place authority as may be specified by the
on or near the outer door of the office of District Registrar.
every Registrar.
19. REGISTRARS TO SEND PERIODICAL
17. SEARCH OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS RETURNS TO THE CHIEF REGISTRAR FOR
REGISTER COMPILATION
(1) Subject to any rules made in this behalf (1) Every Registrar shall send to the Chief
by the State Government, including rules Registrar or to any officer specified by him,
relating to the payment of fees and postal at such intervals and in such form as may
charges, any person may– be prescribed, a return regarding the entries
of births and deaths in the register kept by
(a) cause a search to be made by the such Registrar.
Registrar for any entry in a register of
births and deaths; and (2) The Chief Registrar shall cause the
information in the returns furnished by the
(b) obtain an extract from such register Registrars to be compiled and shall publish
relating to any birth or death: for the information of the public a statistical
report on the registered births and deaths
Provided that no extract relating to any during the year at such intervals and in such
death, issued to any person, shall disclose form as may be prescribed.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 76

CHAPTER V: MISCELLANEOUS 22. POWER TO GIVE DIRECTIONS


The Central Government may give such
20. SPECIAL PROVISION AS TO directions to any State Government as may
REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF appear to be necessary for carrying into
CITIZENS OUTSIDE INDIA execution in the State any of the provisions
(1) The Registrar General shall, subject to of this Act or of any rule or order made
such rules as may be made by the Central thereunder.
Government in this behalf, cause to be
registered information as to births and 23. PENALTIES
deaths of citizens of India outside India (1) Any person who–
received by him under the rules relating to (a) fails without reasonable cause to give
the registration of such citizens at Indian any information which it is his duty
Consulates made under the Citizenship to give under any of the provisions of
Act, 1955 (57 of 1955), and every such sections 8 and 9; or
registration shall also be deemed to have
been duly made under this Act. (b) gives or causes to be given, for the
purpose of being inserted in any register
(2) In the case of any child born outside India of births and deaths, any information
in respect of whom information has not which he knows or believes to be false
been received as provided in sub-section regarding any of the particulars required
(1), if the parents of the child returns to to be known and registered; or
India with a view to settling therein, they
may, at any time within sixty days from (c) refuses to write his name, description and
the date of the arrival of the child in India, place of abode or to put his thumb mark
get the birth of the child registered under in the register as required by section 11,
this Act in the same manner as if the child shall be punishable with fine which may
was born in India and the provisions of extend to fifty rupees.
section 13 shall apply to the birth of such
child after the expiry of the period of sixty (2) Any Registrar or Sub-Registrar who neglects
days aforesaid. or refuses, without reasonable cause, to
register any birth or death occurring in his
21. POWER OF REGISTRAR TO OBTAIN jurisdiction or to submit any returns as
INFORMATION REGARDING BIRTH OR DEATH required by sub-section (1) of section 19
The Registrar may either orally or in writing shall be punishable with fine which may
require any person to furnish any information extend to fifty rupees.
within his knowledge in connection with a birth
or death in the locality within which such person (3) Any medical practitioner who neglects or
resides and that person shall be bound to refuses to issue a certificate under sub-
comply with such requisition. section (3) of section 10 and any person
77 Annexure I

who neglects or refuses to deliver such 26. REGISTRARS AND SUB-REGISTRARS TO


certificate shall be punishable with fine BE DEEMED PUBLIC SERVANTS
which may extend to fifty rupees. All Registrars and Sub-Registrars shall, while
acting or purporting to act in pursuance of the
(4) Any person who, without reasonable cause, provisions of this Act or any rule or order made
contravenes any provision of this Act for thereunder be deemed to be public servants
the contravention of which no penalty within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian
is provided for in this section shall be Penal Code (45 of 1860).
punishable with fine which may extend to
ten rupees. 27. DELEGATION OF POWERS
The State Government may, by notification
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in the in the Official Gazette, direct that any power
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of exercisable by it under this Act (except the
1898), an offence under this section shall be power to make rules under section 30) or the
tried summarily by a Magistrate. rules made thereunder shall, subject to such
conditions, if any, as may be specified in the
24. POWER TO COMPOUND OFFENCES direction be exercisable also by such officer or
(1) Subject to such conditions as may be authority subordinate to the State Government
prescribed, any officer authorized by the as may be specified in the direction.
Chief Registrar by a general or special order
in this behalf may, either before or after the 28. PROTECTION OF ACTION TAKEN IN
institution of criminal proceedings under GOOD FAITH
this Act, accept from the person who has (1) No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding
committed or is reasonably suspected to shall lie against the Government, the
having committed an offence under this Act, Registrar General, any Registrar, or any
by way of composition of such offence a sum person exercising any power or performing
of money not exceeding fifty rupees. any duty under this Act for anything which
is in good faith done or intended to be done
(2) On the payment of such sum of money, such in pursuance of this Act or any rule or order
person shall be discharged and no further made thereunder.
proceedings shall be taken against him in
respect of such offence. (2) No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie
against the government for any damage
25. SANCTION FOR PROSECUTION caused or likely to be caused by anything
No prosecution for an offence punishable under which is in good faith done or intended to be
this Act shall be instituted except by an officer done in pursuance of this Act or any rule or
authorised by the Chief Registrar by general or order made thereunder.
special order in this behalf.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 78

29. ACT NOT TO BE IN DEROGATION OF ACT 6 (h) the submission of reports by the Chief
OF 1886 Registrar under sub-section (4) of
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to be section 4
in derogation of the provisions of the Births,
Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886. (i) the search of birth and death registers
and the fees payable for such search and
30. POWER TO MAKE RULES for the grant of extracts from the registers
(1) The State Government may, with the approval
of the Central Government, by notification in (j) the forms in which and the intervals at
the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out which the returns and the statistical
the purposes of this Act. report under section 19 shall be furnished
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the and published
generality of the foregoing provision, such
rules may provide for – (k) the custody, production and transfer
of registers and other records kept by
(a) the forms of registers of births and deaths Registrars
required to be kept under this Act
(l) the correction of errors and the
(b) the period within which and the form and cancellation of entries in the register of
the manner in which information should births and deaths
be given to the Registrar under section 8
(m) any other matter which has to be, or may
(c) the period within which and the manner in be, prescribed
which births and deaths shall be notified 1
[(3)Every rule made under this Act shall be laid,
under sub-section (1) of section 10 as soon as may be after it is made, before
the State Legislature.]
(d) the person from whom and the form in
which a certificate as to cause of death 31. REPEAL AND SAVING
shall be obtained (1) Subject to the provisions of section 29, as
from the coming into force of this Act in any
(e) the particulars of which extract may be State or part thereof, so much of any law
given under section 12 in force therein as relates to the matters
covered by this Act shall stand repealed in
(f) the authority which may grant permission such State or part, as the case may be.
for registration of a birth or death under
sub-section (2) of section 13 (2) Notwithstanding such repeals, anything
done or any action taken (including any
(g) the fees payable for registration made instruction or direction issued, any regulation
under section 13 or rule or order made) under any such law
79 Annexure I

shall, in so far as such thing or action is not by order make such provisions or give such
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be directions not inconsistent with the provisions
deemed to have been done or taken under of this Act as appears to the State Government
the provisions aforesaid, as if they were in to be necessary or expedient for removing
force when such thing was done or such the difficulty:
action was taken, and shall continue in force
accordingly until superseded by anything Provided that no order shall be made under this
done or any action taken under this Act. section in relation to any area in a State after
the expiration of two years from the date on
32. POWER TO REMOVE DIFFICULTY which this Act comes into force in that area.
If any difficulty arises in giving effect in a State
to the provisions of this Act in their application 1. Ins. by Act 4 of 1986, s.2 and Schedule
(w.e.f.15.5.1986).
to any area, the State Government may, with
the approval of the Central Government,
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 80

ENFORCEMENT OF ACT

1. This Act came into force in the following w.e.f. 1-4-1970; vide Notification No. G.S.R.
areas w.e.f. 1-4-1970; vide Notification No. 461, dated 7.3.1970, Gazette of India,
G.S.R. 514, dated 21-3-1970 Gazette of Pt.II, Sec. 3(i), p.966:-
India, Extraordinary, Pt.II. Sec. 3(i), p.377:-
(1) The whole State of Assam except:- 3. The Act came into force in the whole of
(i) the district of United Khasi & Jaintia Hills the Union territory of Delhi w.e.f. 1-7-70;
excluding the areas comprised within the vide Notification No. G.S.R. 973, dated
limits of- 26.6.1970, Gazette of India, Extraordinary,
(a) Municipality of Shillong; Pt.II, Sec. 3(i), p.585
(b) Cantaonment of Shillong;
(ii) the entire district of Garo Hills; 4. The Act came into force in the
(iii) the entire district of United Mikir and following areas in the States of
North Cachar Hills; Jammu and Kashmir w.e.f. 1-10-70;
(iv) the entire district of Mizo Hills. vide Notification No. G.S.R. 1718,
dated 22.9.1970, Gazette of India,
(2) The whole of the State of West Bengal except– Extraordinary, Pt.II, Sec. 3(i), p.727:-
(i) the area comprised within the limits of the (1) The area comprised within the jurisdiction
Corporation of Calcutta; of the police station of Ramnagar and
(ii) the area comprised within the limits of Udhampur district.
Howrah Municipality;
(iii) Fort William; and (2) The area comprised within the jurisdiction
(iv) the area comprised within the limits of of the police station of Kupwara and
cantonments of Barrackpore, Lebong and Baramulla district.
Jalapahar.
(3) The area comprised within the limits of
2. The Act came into force in the whole of Municipalities of Jammu and Srinagar.
the following States and Union territories
(4) The area comprised within the limits of
STATES Town Area Committee of Ananatnag, Kathua
1. Andhra Pradesh 8. Mysore
and Leh.
2. Bihar 9. Odisha
3. Gujarat 10. Punjab
5. The Act was extended to the State of
4. Haryana 11. Rajasthan
Sikkim w.e.f. 13-9-76, vide Notification
5. Kerala 12. Tamil Nadu
6. Madhya Pradesh 13. Uttar Pradesh
No. S.O. 3465, dated 21-9-76.
7. Maharashtra
UNION TERRITORIES
1. Chandigarh 3. Himachal Pradesh
2. Dadra and Nagar 4. Laccadive, Minicoy
Haveli and Amindivi Islands
81 Annexure II

ANNEXURE II: MODEL REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS


AND DEATHS RULES, 1999

In exercise of the powers conferred by section clause (g) of sub-section (I) of section 2 shall be
30 of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, twenty-eight weeks.
1969, (18 of 1969) the State Government /
Governor / Administrator of.……... with the 4. SUBMISSION OF REPORT UNDER
approval of the Central Government, hereby SECTION 4(4)
makes the following rules, namely; The report under sub-section (4) shall be prepared
in the prescribed format appended to these Rules
1. SHORT TITLE and shall be submitted along with the statistical
(1) These rules may be called the Registration of report referred to in sub-section (2) of section 19,
Births and Deaths Rules, 1999. to the State Government by the Chief Registrar for
every year by the 31st July of the year following
(2) They shall come into force with effect the year to which the report relates.
from 1.1.2000 through notification in the
Official Gazette. 5. FORM, ETC. FOR GIVING INFORMATION OF
BIRTHS AND DEATHS
(3) These rules will replace the…… Registration (1) The information required to be given to the
of Births and Deaths Rules, ……and all its Registrar under section 8 or section 9, as
subsequent amendments notified from time the case may be, shall be in Form Nos. 1, 2
to time. and 3 for the Registration of a birth, death
and still birth respectively, hereinafter to
2. DEFINITIONS be collectively called the reporting forms.
In these rules, unless the context otherwise Information if given orally, shall be entered
requires: by the Registrar in the appropriate reporting
(a) “Act” means the Registration of Births & forms and the signature / thumb impression
Deaths Act, 1969 of the informant obtained.

(b) “Form” means a Form appended to these (2) The part of the reporting forms containing
rules; and legal information shall be called the
‘Legal Part’ and the part containing
(c) “Section” means a section of the Act. statistical information shall be called the
‘Statistical Part’.
3. PERIOD OF GESTATION
The period of gestation for the purposes of (3) The information referred to in sub-rule (1)
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 82

shall be given within twenty one days from (2) In the case of domiciliary events of births
the date of birth, death and still birth. and deaths referred to in clause (a) of sub-
section (1) of Section 8 which are reported
6. BIRTH OR DEATH IN A VEHICLE direct to the Registrar of Births and Deaths,
(1) In respect of a birth or death in a moving the head of the house or household as the
vehicle, the person in charge of the case may be, or, in his absence, the nearest
vehicle shall give or cause to be given the relative of the head present in the house
information under sub-section (1) of section may collect the extracts of birth or death
8 at the first place of halt. from the Registrar within thirty days of its
reporting.
Explanation--For the purpose of this rule the
term “Vehicle” means conveyance of any kind (3) In the case of domiciliary events of births
used on land, air or water and includes an and deaths referred to in clause (a) of sub-
aircraft, a boat, a ship, a railway carriage, a section (1) of section 8 which are reported by
motor-car, a motor-cycle, a cart, a tonga and persons specified by the State Government
a rickshaw. under sub-section (2) of the said section,
the person so specified shall transmit the
(2) In the case of deaths (not falling under extracts received from the Registrar of Births
clauses (a) to (e) of sub-section (1) of section and Deaths to the concerned head of the
(8) in which an inquest is held, the officer house or household as the case may be, or,
who conducts the inquest shall give or cause in his absence, the nearest relative of the
to be given the information under sub-section head present in the house within thirty days
(1) of section 8. of its issue by the Registrar.

7. FORM OF CERTIFICATE UNDER (4) In the case of institutional events of births


SECTION 10(3) and deaths referred to in clauses (b) to (e)
The certificate as to the cause of death required of sub-section (1) of section 8, the nearest
under sub-section (3) of section 10 shall be issued relative of the new born or deceased may
in Form No.4 or 4A and the Registrar shall, after collect the extract from the officer or person
making necessary entries in the register of deaths, in charge of the institution concerned within
forward all such certificates to the Chief Registrar thirty days of the occurrence of the event of
or the officer specified by him in this behalf by birth or death.
the 10th of the month immediately following the
month to which the certificates relate. (5) If the extract of birth or death is not collected
by the concerned person as referred to
8. EXTRACTS OF REGISTRATION ENTRIES TO in sub-rules (2) to (4) within the period
BE GIVEN UNDER SECTION 12 stipulated therein, the Registrar or the
(1) The extracts of particulars from the register officer or person in charge of the concerned
relating to births or deaths to be given to institution as referred to in sub-rule (4) shall
an informant under section 12 shall be transmit the same to the concerned family
in Form No.5 or Form No.6, as the case by post within fifteen days of the expiry of the
may be. aforesaid period.
83 Annexure II

9. AUTHORITY FOR DELAYED REGISTRATION after the date of commencement of


AND FEE PAYABLE THEREFORE the Registration of Births & Deaths
(1) Any birth or death of which information is (Amendment) Rules 19…, from the date of
given to the Registrar after the expiry of the such registration, subject to the provisions
period specified in rule 5, but within thirty of sub section (4) of section 23, the
days of its occurrence, shall be registered on Registrar shall
payment of a late fee of rupee two.
(a) if the register is in his possession
(2) Any birth or death of which information is forthwith enter the name in the
given to the registrar after thirty days but relevant column of the concerned form
within one year of its occurrence, shall be in the birth register on payment of a
registered only with the written permission of late fee of rupees five
the officer prescribed in this behalf and on
payment of a late fee of rupees five. (b) if the register is not in his possession
and if the information is given orally,
(3) Any birth or death which has not been make a report giving necessary
registered within one year of its occurrence, particulars, and, if the information
shall be registered only on an order of a is given in writing, forward the same
Magistrate of the first class or a Presidency to the officer specified by the State
Magistrate and on payment of a late fee of Government in this behalf for making
rupees ten. the necessary entry on payment of a
late fee of rupees five
10. PERIOD FOR THE PURPOSE OF
SECTION 14 (2) The parent or the guardian, as the case
(1) Where the birth of any child had been may be, shall also present to the Registrar
registered without a name, the parent or the copy of the extract given to him under
guardian of such child shall, within 12 section 12 or a certified extract issued to him
months from the date of registration of the under section 17 and on such presentation
birth of child, give information regarding the Registrar shall make the necessary
the name of the child to the Registrar either endorsement relating to the name of the
orally or in writing: child or take action as laid down in clause
(b) of the proviso to sub-rule (1).
Provided that if the information is given after
the aforesaid period of 12 months but within 11. CORRECTION OR CANCELLATION
a period of 15 years, which shall be reckoned OF ENTRY IN THE REGISTER OF BIRTHS
AND DEATHS
(i) in case where the registration had been (1) If it is reported to the Registrar that a clerical
made prior to the date of commencement or formal error has been made in the register
of the Registration of Births & Deaths or if such error is otherwise noticed by him
(Amendment) Rules, 19…, from such date, and if the register is in his possession, the
or Registrar shall enquire into the matter and
(ii) in case where the registration is made if he is satisfied that any such error has
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 84

been made, he shall correct the error (by improperly made, he shall make a report
correcting or canceling the entry) as provided giving necessary details to the officer
in section 15 and shall send an extract of the authorized by the Chief Registrar by general
entry showing the error and how it has been or special order in this behalf under section
corrected to the State Government or the 25 and on hearing from him take necessary
officer specified by it in this behalf. action in the matter.

(2) In the case referred to in sub rule (1) if the (7) In every case in which an entry is corrected or
register is not in his possession, the Registrar cancelled under this rule, intimation thereof
shall make a report to the State Government should be sent to the permanent address of
or the office specified by it in this behalf the person who has given information under
and call for the relevant register and after section 8 or section 9.
enquiring into the matter, if he is satisfied
that any such error has been made, make the 12. FORM OF REGISTER UNDER SECTION 16
necessary correction. The legal part of the Forms No. 1, 2 and 3 shall
constitute the birth register, death register
(3) Any such correction as mentioned in sub- and still birth register (Form Nos. 7, 8 and 9)
rule (2) shall be countersigned by the State respectively.
Government or the officer specified by it in
this behalf when the register is received from 13. FEES AND POSTAL CHARGES PAYABLE
the Registrar. UNDER SECTION 17
(1) The fees payable for a search to be made, an
(4) If any person asserts that any entry in the extract or a non-availability certificate to be
register of births and deaths is erroneous issued under section 17, shall be as follow:
in substance, the Registrar may correct
the entry in the manner prescribed under Re.
section 15 upon production by that person (a) Search for a single entry in the first year 2.00
a declaration setting forth the nature of the for which the search is made
error and true facts of the case made by two (b) for every additional year for which 2.00
credible persons having knowledge of the the search is continued
facts of the case. (c) for granting extract relating to each birth 5.00
or death
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub- (d) for granting non-availability certificate of 2.00
rule (I) and sub-rule (4) the Registrar shall birth or death
make report of any correction of the kind
referred to therein giving necessary details to (2) Any such extract in regard to a birth or death
the State Government or the officer specified shall be issued by the Registrar or the officer
in this behalf. authorized by the State Govt. in this behalf in
Form No. 5 or, as the case may be, in Form
(6) If it is proved to the satisfaction of the No. 6 and shall be certified in the manner
Registrar that any entry in the register of provided for in section 76 of the Indian
births and deaths has been fraudulently or Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872).
85 Annexure II

(3) If any particular event of birth or death is not compounded by an officer authorized by the
found registered the Registrar shall issue a Chief Registrar by a general or special order
non-availability certificate in Form No. 10. in this behalf, if the officer so authorized is
satisfied that the offence was committed
(4) Any such extracts or non-availability through inadvertence or oversight or for the
certificate may be furnished to the person first time.
asking for it or sent to him by post on
payment of the postal charges therefore. (2) Any such offence may be compounded on
payment of such sum, not exceeding rupees
14. INTERVAL AND FORMS OF PERIODICAL fifty for offences under sub-sections (1), (2)
RETURNS UNDER SECTION 19(1) and (3) and rupees ten for offences under
(1) Every Registrar shall after completing the sub-section (4) of section 23 as the said
process of registration send all the Statistical officer may think fit.
Parts of the reporting forms relating to each
month along with a Summary Monthly Report 17. REGISTERS AND OTHER RECORDS
in Form No. 11 for births, Form No. 12 for UNDER SECTION 30(2)(K)
deaths and Form No. 13 for still births to the (1) The birth register, death register and still
Chief Registrar or the officer specified by him birth register shall be records of permanent
on or before the 5th of the following month. importance and shall not be destroyed.

(2) The officer so specified shall forward all (2) The court orders and orders of the specified
such statistical parts of the reporting forms authorities granting permission for delayed
received by him to the Chief Registrar not registration received under section 13 by the
later than the 10th of the month. Registrar shall form an integral part of the
birth register, death register and still birth
15. STATISTICAL REPORT UNDER register and shall not be destroyed.
SECTION 19(2)
The statistical report under sub-section (2) (3) The certificate as to the cause of death
of section 19 shall contain the tables in the furnished under sub-section (3) of the section
prescribed formats appended to these rules 10 shall be retained for a period of at least
and shall be compiled for each year before the 5 years by the Chief Registrar or the officer
31st July of the year immediately following and specified by him in this behalf.
shall be published as soon as may be thereafter
but in any case not later than five months from (4) Every birth register, death register and
that date. still birth register shall be retained by the
Registrar in his office for a period of twelve
16. CONDITIONS FOR COMPOUNDING months after the end of the calendar year
OFFENCES to which it relates and such register shall
(1) Any offence punishable under section 23 thereafter be transferred for safe custody to
may, either before or after the institution such officer as may be specified by the State
of criminal proceedings under this Act, be Government in this behalf.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 86

ANNEXURE III: INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP


BIRTH, DEATH AND STILLBIRTH
REPORT FORMS

Each of the reporting forms namely, the Birth thumb impression is put on the legal part of
Report (Form No. 1) Death Report (From No. 2) the Reporting Forms.
and Still Birth Report (From No. 3) have two
parts, the ‘Legal part’ and ‘statistical part’. ¡ Use only blue or black ink.
The Legal part of the form contains those items
of information that are required for Legal
purposes and the Statistical part contains the INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP THE
statistical items. Some of the Statistical items BIRTH REPORT FORM (FORM NO.1)
are pre-coded to facilitate data entry. Whenever
possible, instructions for filling in the items The instructions for filling up each of the items in
are given on the forms beside the items for the Form No.1 and its significance are given below:
easy reference.

The following points have to be kept in A. LEGAL PART


mind by the persons while filling up to the
reporting forms: 1 DATE OF BIRTH:
Enter the exact date, month and year the child
¡ Fill in the forms clearly, legibly and without was born e.g.1-1-2000
any cuttings or overwriting, especially in the
Legal part on the form. This is because the This item records the date of birth of the
Legal portion of the form after the process of individual named on the form. It is used to
registration is complete, will became a part of establish age at the various stages of the life
the register, which is a legal document to be of the individual. It is also used for tabulation of
preserved permanently. the event by year of occurrence. In conjunction
with the information on the date of registration
¡ Ensure that the entries made in the Legal it is useful for study of time gap in registration.
part of the form do not spill over to the
Statistical parts as it will result irreparable 2 SEX:
loss of information after the later part in torn Enter ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ as the case may be.
off for further transmission. Do not use abbreviations.

¡ Ensure that the informant’s name and This item helps in identification of the child. It is
address are filled in and the signature / used for measuring sex-differentials in various
87 Annexure III

demographic, population and health related 8. PLACE OF BIRTH:


characteristics and for making population 1. Hospital/Institution Name:
estimates and projections. 2. House Address:
If the birth takes place in the hospital or institution
3. NAME OF THE CHILD, IF ANY: put a tick mark against entry 1 and enter the name
Enter the full name of the child, if already of the hospital/institution in the space provided.
named. The name should be entered as desired Also record address of the Hospital / Institution
by the informant. If the child has not been against ‘Address’. If the birth takes place in a
named then this column should be left blank. house tick the entry 2 and give complete postal
This item identifies the individual whose birth address of the house in the space provided.
has been registered.
This item helps in identifying the domiciliary and
4. NAME OF THE FATHER: institutional birth and facilitates future search
Enter full name of the father as usually written. and queries.
Also include surname, if any. The surname of
the father and the child is usually the same. 9. INFORMANT’S NAME ADDRESS:
When they are different, carefully review this Enter the full name of the informant, including
information with parent (s) to ensure that there surname, if any. Also enter her / his complete
is no mistake. Do not use short names or pet postal address.
names. If it is known that the child is illegitimate
no person’s name should be entered here as Information given against this item can facilitate
that of the father unless there is a joint request search and is important for further queries.
of the mother and the person acknowledging
himself to be father of the child.
B. STATISTICAL PART
5. NAME OF THE MOTHER:
Enter full name of the mother as usually written. 10. TOWN OR VILLAGE OF RESIDENCE OF
Also include surname, if any. Do not use short or THE MOTHER:
pet names. a) Name of Town/Village
b) Is it a town or Village
6. ADDRESS OF PARENTS AT THE TIME OF 1. Town   2. Village
BIRTH OF THE CHILD: c) Name of District
Record here address at which the mother stayed d) Name of State
before she delivered the child or was admitted for
delivery. Example: If the lady who delivered the Enter the name of the place where the mother
child stayed with say her parents and was from usually lives. Never enter a temporary residence,
there taken to the Institute for delivery, the address such as one used during a visit or vacation.
of her parents should be recorded at this place. Residence for a short time at the name of a
relative or friend for the purpose of awaiting
7. PERMANENT ADDRESS OF PARENTS: the birth of the child is considered temporary
Record here the permanent postal address of and should not be entered here. Therefore, this
parents of the child. place can be different from the place where the
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 88

delivery occurred and can even be in a different education and in such case enter ‘literate
District or State. It is not necessary to enter without formal education’.
the house address. Only enter the name of the
town or village (item 8(a)) and indicate if it is a This item provides information for studying the
town or a village (item 8(b) ticking either 1 or 2. birth characteristics and fertility by the level
Against item 8 (c) and 8 (d) enter the name of of education.
the State and the district respectively.
14. FATHER’S OCCUPATION:
This item facilitates tabulation of statistics of Enter the usual occupation of the father at the
birth by place of residence of mother. This makes time of the birth of the child. The occupation is the
it possible to compute birth rates based on the kind of work the father was normally engaged with,
usual resident population. Data on births by place such as, cultivator, mineworker, clerk, storekeeper,
of residence of the mother are used to prepare truck-driver, professor etc. If no occupation is being
population estimates and projections. These pursued by the father, enter ‘Nil’. If the father is
data are useful in planning and for evaluation engaged in more than one occupation then write
of community services and facilities including the major one in terms of the time disposition.
maternal and child health programmes.
Information from this item is useful in studying
11. RELIGION OF THE FAMILY: occupational differentials in birth.
1. Hindu 2. Muslim 3. Christian 4. Any other
Religion 15. MOTHER’S OCCUPATION:
It is natural that the mother may not be pursuing
Put a tick mark against the appropriate item. any occupation at the time of delivery of the
If the religion is other than those listed at 1 to 3 child; therefore, enter the occupation usually
above, put a tick mark against item 4 and write pursued, before suspending the same for the
the name of the religion against it. purpose of delivering the child. Even if the
mother suspended her activity early in her
This is used to study the difference in pregnancy, enter that information.
characteristics of birth and fertility by religion,
which is important for planning and evaluation From this item it is useful to study the
of family welfare programmes. occupational differentials in fertility.

12-13. FATHER’S AND MOTHER’S LEVEL OF 16. AGE OF MOTHER (IN COMPLETED YEARS)
EDUCATION: AT THE TIME OF MARRIAGE:
In both the above items, record the completed Enter here the age at effective marriage. In
level of education. For example if he / she some areas the marriage is completed at a
has studied up to class VII but passed only very young age but is consummated after
class VI, record Class VI. In case a person some years. In such cases, the age at which
cannot read or write with understanding a the marriage is consummated is the age at
sentence in any language he/she is treated marriage. In case of more than one marriage,
as illiterate and in such case enter ‘illiterate’. enter the age at first marriage. In case not
A person can be literate without any formal married write ‘not married’.
89 Annexure III

This is a very useful demographic data that The first two items relate to births occurring
helps in working out the duration of marriage, within the Institution and the last three relate to
which in turn is cross-classified with order to get non-institutional events.
estimates of fertility levels. In itself, the age at
marriage is a very useful data item. Information collected through this item is
helpful in determining the level of access to the
17. AGE OF THE MOTHER (IN COMPLETED health facilities and the differentials of birth
YEARS) AT THE TIME OF THIS BIRTH: characteristics by type of attendance.
This item is self - explanatory
It helps in estimating the age specific fertility 20. METHOD OF DELIVERY:
rates and other fertility indicators. In conjunction • Natural / Normal
with age at marriage, it is used to estimate the • Caesarean
duration of marriage. • Forceps / Vacuum

18. NUMBER OF CHILDREN BORN ALIVE TO Tick one of the items only, as the case may be.
THE MOTHER SO FAR INCLUDING THIS CHILD: In case of institution, this item can be easily
Enter the number of children born alive to the filled in by the institutional authorities.
mother. This should include the number of
children born alive from earlier marriage(s) also. This Information can be related to certain
Enter children born out of wedlock, if willingly characteristics of the mother like her age and
revealed. Quite often replies to this question will also with the type of attention to give insight into
on one hand erroneously include foetal deaths, issues related to maternal health. Information
while, on other, they may not include children who from this item is used to monitor delivery trends
die in their infancy. Sometimes the children who across the country.
have left the household or given away to relatives
or friends for adoption are wrongly omitted. Keep 21. BIRTH WEIGHT (IN KG.):
these in mind at the time of making this entry. Record here in kilograms (rounded to 1st
Adopted children, however, are not to be included. place of decimal) the weight of the child at the
time of birth. For example: 3.5 Kg. All medical
This item is important for studying the fertility institutions can easily provide this information
differentials and trends. When cross- classified and should report it without fail. In some areas
with birth- weight and method of delivery gives the ANMs are also required to weigh the newly
insight in to the maternal health status. born child at the time of delivery. It would,
therefore, be possible to collect this information
19. TYPE OF ATTENTION AT DELIVERY: through these workers, wherever they have
• Institutional-Government been notified to collect the information on
• Institutional-Private or Non-Government births of the informants. Write ‘Not Known’
• Doctor, Nurse or Trained midwife if not available.
• Traditional Birth Attendant
• Relatives and others This is an important characteristic associated
with health of the infant. It is related to the age
Tick only one of the items, as the case may be. of mother, educational and other factors relating
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 90

to the birth. Consequently, it is used with 2. NAME OF DECEASED


other information to plan for and evaluate the Enter full name of the deceased as usually
effectiveness of reproductive health care. written. Also include surname, if used. Do not
use short name or pet name. Any insufficiency
22. DURATION OF PREGNANCY: or error will lead to issue of incorrect certificate
Enter in number of weeks the duration of causing undue harassment to the family
pregnancy. This information again will be in future.
readily available in the Institutions. The ANMs
would also have a fair bit of knowledge in this This item identifies the individuals whose death
regard and, whenever possible should report it. has been registered.
Normally, the mother or any other elderly women
in house would have a clear idea of the number 3. SEX OF THE DECEASED.
of completed months since the last menstrual This item helps in identification of the deceased.
period. Convert this into number of weeks and Record ‘Male’ or ‘Female’, as the case may be.
record against this item. Write ‘not known’ if
not available It is used for measuring sex specific mortality
rates. It is also helpful for studying sex
Duration of pregnancy cross tabulated by birth differentials in cause specific mortality and for
weight and age of mother gives a very good making population estimation and projection.
insight in to the reproductive health status.
4. NAME OF MOTHER:
Enter full name of the mother as usually written.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP THE Also include surname, if any. Do not use short or
DEATH REPORT FORM (FORM NO. 2) pet names.

The instruction for filling up each of the items 5. NAME OF FATHER/HUSBAND:


in the Form No.2 and its significance are given Enter full name of the father/husband as usually
below: written. Also include surname, if any. Do not use
short names or pet names.
A. LEGAL PART
6. AGE OF THE DECEASED:
1. DATE OF DEATH If the deceased was over the age of 1 year
Enter the exact date, month and year on which record age in completed years. If the deceased
death took place e.g. 1.1.2000. was below 1 year give age in months; if below
1 month give age in completed number of days;
This item records the date of death of the and if below one day, record age in hours. In
individual named on the form and is useful for case the age could not be determined write
establishing claim of inheritance, life insurance, ‘Not Known’.
etc. It is also used for tabulation of event by
year of occurrence. In conjunction with the This can be used as one of the items for
information on date of registration it is useful for identification of the deceased for legal purpose.
study of time gap in registration. Information of this item is used to determine
91 Annexure III

the neo-natal and infant mortality rates. It is B. STATISTICAL PART


used to study differences in age-specific
mortality and in planning and evaluating public 11. PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF THE
health programme. DECEASED:
a) Name of Town/Village
7. ADDRESS OF THE DECEASED AT THE TIME b) Is it a town or village?
OF DEATH: 1. Town   2. Village
Record here the postal address at which c) Name of District
the deceased stayed immediately before her / d) Name of State
his death.
Enter the name of the place where the
8. PERMANENT ADDRESS OF THE deceased usually lived. Never enter a
DECEASED: temporary residence such as one used during
Record here the permanent postal address of a visit or vacation. Residence for a short time
the deceased. at the home of a relative or friend for the
purpose of availing treatment is considered
9. PLACE OF DEATH: temporary and should not be entered here.
1. Hospital / Institution Name Therefore, this can be different from the place
2. House Address where the death occurred and can even be in
3. Other places a different district or state. It is not necessary
to enter the house address. Only enter the
If the death takes place within the hospital / name of the town or village (Item 11a) and
institution as in-patient, put a tick mark against indicate if it is a town or village (item 11b)
entry 1 and enter the name of the hospital / by ticking either 1 or 2. Against item 11c
institution in the space provided. If the death and 11d enter the name of District and
occurs in a residential house tick the entry 2 State respectively.
and give complete postal address of the house
in the space provided. If the death occurs This item facilitates tabulation of statistics of
outside the institution or residential house put Death by place of residence of the deceased.
a tick against item 3 and specify the location This makes it possible to compute death
where at work, etc. If the decedent’s body was rates based on the usual resident population
found, the place where the body was founded residing in that area. Data on deaths by place of
should be entered as the place of death. residence of the deceased are used to prepare
population estimates and projections.
10. INFORMANT’S NAME:
Address: 12. RELIGION:
Enter the full name of the informant, including 1. Hindu 2. Muslim 3. Christian
surname if any. Also enter her / his or her 4. Any other religion
complete postal address.
Put a tick mark against the appropriate item. If
Information given against this item can facilitate any other religion, put a tick mark on item 4 and
search and is important for future queries. write name of the religion against it.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 92

This is used to study the differential underlying cause is defined as ‘(a) the disease
characteristics of death and mortality by religion. or injury which initiated the train of events
directly to death, or (b) the circumstances of
13. OCCUPATION OF THE DECEASED: the accident or violence which produced the
Enter the usual occupation of the deceased at fatal injury. ‘Do not enter symptoms or modes of
the time of death. If no occupation, record ‘Nil. dying such as heart failure, respiratory failure,
shock, etc. If ‘Yes’ against item 15, give the
This is useful in studying mortality differentials cause of death as mentioned last in the cause
by occupation. of death column of Form No.4 or 4A. In this
case if the death is institutional the institution
14. TYPE OF MEDICAL ATTENTION RECEIVED should fill in this item in Form 4 and if this is a
BEFORE DEATH: non-institutional death the household informant
1. Institution will fill in this item from Form 4A in the manner
2. Medical attention other than Institution as indicated above. In case the death is not
3. No medical attention medically certified (i.e. if ‘No’ against item 11)
the informant himself has to furnish the cause
Tick only one of the items. Medical attention in of death as per her / his knowledge. Give the
the institution or outside the institution would underlying cause which initiated the train of
include any field of medicine namely Allopathic, events leading directly to death. Do not enter
Homeopathic, Ayurvedic, etc. Tick against entry the symptoms or mode of dying. Do not give ‘Old
1 only if the patient was last attended to by an age’ as the cause of death if a more specific
institution irrespective of whether she/he or she cause is known.
was an outpatient or inpatient.
Cause of death provides medical information
Information collected through this item is helpful that serves as a basis for describing trends in
in determining the level of utilization of facilities human health and mortality and for analyzing.
and the differentials characteristics by type of
attendance. Conditions leading to death: Mortality statistics
provides a basis for epidemiological studies that
15. WAS THE CAUSE OF DEATH MEDICALLY focus on leading causes of death by age and
CERTIFIED? sex. It is helpful in ascertaining the addiction
1. Yes 2. No induced cases of death.
If the form is accompanied with Medical
Certification of Cause of Death Form i.e. Form 17. IN CASE THIS IS A FEMALE DEATH, DID
No.4 or 4A, tick the entry 1 otherwise tick 2. THE DEATH OCCUR WHILE PREGNANT, AT
THE TIME OF DELIVERY OR WITHIN 6 WEEKS
This helps in identifying the medically certifying AFTER THE END OF PREGNANCY:
deaths and in preparation of relevant tables. 1. Yes 2. No
Tick the entry 1 in case it is a female death which
16. NAME OF DISEASE OR ACTUAL CAUSE occurred while pregnant, at the time of delivery
OF DEATH: or within 6 weeks after the end of pregnancy
Record here the underlying cause of death. The regardless of the actual cause of death. The end
93 Annexure III

of pregnancy may be as a result of abortion or 2. SEX:


delivery of a live born or a still‑born baby. Enter ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ as the case may be. Do
not use abbreviations.
This term gives a broad indicator of maternal
mortality and is useful for collection further This information is used to measure the still
information on maternal deaths. birth rate and peri-natal mortality by sex.

18. IF USED TO HABITUALLY SMOKE-FOR 3. NAME OF FATHER:


HOW MANY YEARS? Enter full name of the father as usually written.
A person, who has been smoking more or Also include surname, if any. Do not use short
less on a regular basis, is a habitual smoker. names or pet names.
Do not include casual smokers. Indicate the
approximate number of years, if habitual smoker. 4. NAME OF THE MOTHER:
If not a habitual smoker write ‘No’ Enter the full name of the mother as usually
written. Also include surname, if any. Do not use
19. IF USED TO HABITUALLY CHEW TOBACCO short or pet names.
IN ANY FORM-FOR HOW MANY YEARS?
Same as in item 18 above 5. PLACE OF BIRTH
1. Hospital / Institution Name:
20. IF USED TO HABITUALLY CHEW ARECA 2. House Address:
NUT IN ANY FROM (INCLUDING PAN
MASALA)-FOR HOW MANY YEARS? It the birth took place in the hospital or
Same as in item 18 above institution, put a tick mark against the entry 1
and enter the name of the hospital / institution
21. IF USED TO HABITUALLY DRINK in the space provided. If the birth takes place in
ALCOHOL-FOR HOW MANY YEARS? a house, put a tick mark against the entry 2 and
Same as in item 18 above give complete postal address of the house in the
space provided.

INSTRUCTION FOR FILLING UP This item helps in identifying the domiciliary


THE STILL BIRTH REPORT FORM births and the institutional births and facilitates
(FORM NO.3) future search and queries.

This instruction for filling up each of the items in 6. INFORMANT’S NAME ADDRESS:
the Form No.3 and its significance are given below: Enter the full name of the informant, including
surname, if any. Also enter her / his or her
complete postal address.
A. LEGAL PART
This information given against this item is
1. DATE OF BIRTH: important for future queries.
Enter the exact date; month and year the child
was borne e.g. 1.1.2000
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 94

B. STATISTICAL PART This item provides information for studying


the characteristics of stillbirth by the level of
7. TOWN OR VILLAGE OF RESIDENCE OF THE education of the mothers.
MOTHER:
a) Name of Town / village 10. TYPE OF ATTENTION AT DELIVERY
b) Is it a town / village? 1. Institutional-Government
2. Institutional- Private or Non-Government
1. Town. 2. Village 3. Doctor, Nurse or Trained midwife
c) Name of District. 4. Traditional Birth Attendant
d) Name of State 5. Relatives and others

Enter the name of the place where the mother Tick one of the items. The first two items relate
usually lives. Never enter a temporary residence to still births occurring within the institution and
such as one used during a visit or vacation. the last three relate to non-institutional events.
Residence for a short time at the home of a Information collected through this item is helpful
relative or friend for the purpose of awaiting in determining the level of utilisation of facilities
the birth of the child is considered temporary and the differentials of still birth characteristics
and should not be entered here. Therefore, this by type of attendance.
place can be different from the place where the
delivery occurred and can even be in a different 11. DURATION OF PREGNANCY
district or state. It is not necessary to enter the Enter this information in weeks. This information
house address. Only enter the name of the town will be readily available in the institutions. The
or village (item 7a) and indicate if it is town or ANMs would also have a fair bit of knowledge in
village (item 7 b) by ticking either 1 or 2. Against this regard and, wherever possible should report
item 7c and 7d enter the name of the state and it. Normally, the mother or any other elderly
the district respectively. lady in the house would have a clear idea of
the number of completed months since the last
8. AGE OF THE MOTHER (IN COMPLETED menstrual period. Convert into weeks and write
YEARS) AT THE TIME OF THIS BIRTH: here. Write ‘Not Known’ if not available.
This item is self-explanatory
12. CAUSE OF FOETAL DEATH (STILL BIRTH)
9. MOTHER’S LEVEL OF EDUCATION This information will normally be available from
Enter the completed level of education of the hospital and other medical institutions. In
mother e.g. if she has studied up to class VII case of domiciliary events, enter only if known,
but passed only class VI write class VI. In case a otherwise write ‘ Not Known’.
person cannot read or write with understanding
a sentence in any language. She / he treated This provides information for ranking and
as illiterate and in such case enter ‘illiterate’. analysing the conditions leading to still birth.
A person can be literate without any formal When co-related with duration of pregnancy
education and in such case enter ‘Literate and age of mother gives good insight into the
without formal education’. reproductive health.
95 Annexure IV

ANNEXURE IV: INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING


UP BIRTH REPORT FORM FOR
ADOPTED CHILD
A circular was issued by this Office letter No. 1/7/2011-VS (CRS) dated
12‑03‑2012 vide which the State Governments were directed to amend State
Rule 5(1) on the procedure for making / changing entries in the birth record for
children taken on adoption. The amended Rule 5(1) is reproduced below:

5. Form, etc. for giving information of births and deaths-(1) The information
required to be given to the Registrar under section 8 or section 9, as the case
may be, shall be in Form Nos. 1, 1-A, 2 and 3 for the Registration of a birth, birth
of adopted child, death and still birth respectively, hereinafter to be collectively
called the reporting forms. Information if given orally shall be entered by
the Registrar in the appropriate reporting forms and the signature/thumb
impression of the informant obtained.

The instructions for filling up each of the items in 3. NAME OF THE CHILD, IF ANY:
Form No.1A: Birth Report Form for Adopted Child In case of registered birth, enter full name of
are given below: the child, as mentioned in the birth certificate.
If name is changed on adoption, write new name
A. LEGAL INFORMATION: as mentioned in the adoption deed / order This
item identifies the individual whose birth has
1. DATE OF BIRTH: been registered.
If known, write the exact date, month and year
of the birth of the child e.g. if a child was born 4. NAME OF THE MOTHER:
on First January, 2000, this can be written as If known, enter full name of Biological /
1-1-2000. If the birth is already registered, the Genetic mother as usually written with
date as mentioned in the birth certificate to be surname (if any). Do not use short names or
written in this column. However, if the birth is not pet names. If mother is not known this column
registered and date of birth of the child is not should be left blank.
known, the same as determined by the C.M.O. or
any duly licensed Physician and as reflected in the 5. NAME OF THE FATHER
adoption deed and adoption order to be written. If known, enter full name of the Biological /
Genetic father as usually written with
2 SEX: surname, (if any). Do not use short or pet
Enter ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ as the case may be. Do names. If father is not known this column
not use abbreviations. should be left blank.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 96

In case of already registered events, the name and adoption is taken place through Institution,
of parents should also be verified from the the place where the adoption agency is situated
original birth certificate or a copy thereof. shall be treated as the place of birth of the child.
In case of adoption outside institutions, and
6. DATE AND NUMBER OF ADOPTION DEED / birth is not registered, the place where adoption
ORDER: took place shall be treated as the place of birth
The date and number of adoption deed and of the child.
order issued by the concerned Magistrate and
submitted by the adoptive parents should be 12. IF ADOPTION THROUGH AGENCY:
written against this column. If adoption is taken place through Institution /
agency, write the name, place and address of
7 NAME OF ADOPTIVE MOTHER: that adoption agency.
Name of adoptive mother as mentioned in
the adoption order and adoption deed to be 13. INFORMANT’S NAME AND ADDRESS:
written in this column. Do not use short or Enter the full name of the informant, including
pet names. surname, if any. Also enter her / his complete
postal address.
8. NAME OF ADOPTIVE FATHER:
Name of adoptive father as mentioned in the
adoption order and adoption deed to be written B. STATISTICAL PART
in this column. Do not use short or pet names.
14. RELIGION OF THE ADOPTIVE FATHER:
9. ADDRESS OF ADOPTIVE PARENTS AS 1. Hindu 2. Muslim 3. Christian 4. Any other
RECORDED IN THE ADOPTION DEED: Religion
The address of adoptive parents written in the
adoption deed should be written against this Put a tick mark against the appropriate item.
column. This address should also be reflected If the religion is other than those listed at 1 to 3
as the address of parents at the time of birth of above, put a tick mark against item 4 and write
the child column in the birth certificate. the name of the religion against it.

10. PERMANENT ADDRESS OF ADOPTIVE 15. ADOPTIVE FATHER’S LEVEL OF


PARENTS: EDUCATION:
Record here the permanent postal address of Record the completed level of education of
the adoptive parents of the child. adoptive father. For example if he has studied
up to class VII but passed only class VI, record
11. PLACE OF BIRTH: Class VI. In case he cannot read or write with
In case of already registered birth, the same understanding a sentence in any language he
birth place (where the child was born) should be be treated as illiterate and in such case enter
written against this column irrespective of the ‘illiterate’. A person can be literate without any
fact that adoption is taken place in other area. formal education and in such case enter ‘literate
However, in case, where birth is not registered without formal education’.
97 Annexure IV

16. ADOPTIVE MOTHER’S LEVEL OF The following points may also be taken care
EDUCATION: of while making entries in the birth reporting
Record the completed level of education of form / and changes in the birth record:
adoptive mother. For example if she has studied
up to class VII but passed only class VI, record 1. The term ‘adoptive parents’ or ‘adopted
Class VI. In case she cannot read or write with child ‘shall not be used in the birth
understanding a sentence in any language she certificate. The name of adoptive parents
be treated as illiterate and in such case enter shall appear as ‘parents’ (father and
‘illiterate’. A person can be literate without any mother of the child) in the birth certificate.
formal education and in such case enter ‘literate The ‘address of adoptive parents’ shall be
without formal education’. recorded as the ‘address of the parents
at the time of birth of the child ‘in the
17. ADOPTIVE FATHER’S OCCUPATION: birth certificate.
Enter the usual occupation of the father at the
time of adoption of the child. The occupation 2. In case of births that have already been
is the kind of work the father was normally registered, the Registrar shall make suitable
engaged with, such as, cultivator, mineworker, entries with regard to the changes made in
clerk, storekeeper, truck-driver, professor etc. the remarks column of the Birth Register.
If no occupation is being pursued by the father,
enter ‘Nil’. If the father is engaged in more than 3. The legal part of the birth reporting form
one occupation then write the major one in shall be treated as birth register (form No.
terms of the time disposition. 7). The statistical part shall be detached
and sent for compilation to the prescribed
18. ADOPTIVE MOTHER’S OCCUPATION: authority along with Monthly Summary
Enter the usual occupation of the mother at the Report of Births (form No. 11).
time of adoption of the child. The occupation
is the kind of work the mother was normally 4. The provisions relating to delayed
engaged with, such as, cultivator, mineworker, registration as prescribed under Section 13
clerk, storekeeper, professor etc. If no of the RBD Act, 1969 shall not be applicable
occupation is being pursued by the mother enter in these cases as judicial resolution in the
‘Nil’. If the mother is engaged in more than one form of adoption deed / order has already
occupation then write the major one in terms of been issued by the Magistrate.
the time disposition.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 98

ANNEXURE V: CRS FORMS

The following CRS forms have been prescribed and are in use.
Sl. No. Form Number Title of the Form
1 1 Birth Report
2 1A Birth Report for Adopted Children
3 2 Death Report
4 3 Still Birth Report
5 4 Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (For Hospital In-patients)
6 4A Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (For Non-Institutional Deaths)
7 5 Birth Certificate
8 6 Death Certificate
9 7 Birth Register
10 8 Death Register
11 9 Still Birth Register
12 10 Non-Availability Certificate
13 11 Summary Monthly Report of Births
14 12 Summary Monthly Report of Deaths
15 13 Summary Monthly Report of Still Births

A copy of each of the above said forms is appended.


FORM No. 1
FORM NO. 1 (See Rule 5) FORM NO. 1

BIRTH REPORT BIRTH REPORT In the case of multiple births, fill in a separate form for each
Legal information Statistical information child and write ‘Twin birth’ or ‘Triple birth’ etc., as the case 99
This part to be added to the Birth Register This part to be detached and sent for statistical processing may be, in the remarks column in the box below left.

To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Birth: (Enter the exact day, 10. Town or Village of Residence of the mother: (Place 16. Age of the mother (in completed years) at the time
month and year the child where the mother usually lives. This can be different of marriage:
was born e.g. 1-1-2000) from the place where the delivery occurred. The (If married more than once, age at first marriage
house address is not required to be entered.) may be entered)
2. Sex: (Enter “male or “female”;
do not use abbreviation) a) Name of Town/Village: 17. Age of the mother (in completed years) at the time
of this birth:
3. Name of the child, if any: b) Is it a town or village: (Tick the appropriate
(If not named, leave blank) entry below) 18. Number of children born alive to the mother so far
1. Town 2. Village including this child:
4. Name of the father: (Number of children born alive to include also those
(Full name as usually written) c) Name of District: from earlier marriage(s), if any)

5. Name of the mother: d) Name of State: 19. Type of attention at delivery:
(Full name as usually written) (Tick the appropriate entry below)
11. Religion of the Family: 1. Institutional – Government
6. Address of parents at the time of (Tick the appropriate entry below) 2. Institutional – Private or Non-Government
Birth of the Child: 3. Doctor, Nurse or Trained midwife
1. Hindu   2. Muslim   3.Christian 4. Traditional Birth Attendant
7. Permanent address of parents: 4. Any other religion: (write name of the religion) 5. Relatives or others

8. Place of birth: 12. Father’s level of education: 20. Method of Delivery:


(Tick the appropriate entry 1 or 2 below and give the (Enter the completed level of education e.g. if (Tick the appropriate entry below)
name of the Hospital/Institution or the address of studied upto class VII but passed only class VI, 1. Natural

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


the house where the birth took place) write class VI) 2. Caesarean
3. Forceps/Vacuum
1. Hospital/ Name: 13. Mother’s level of education:
Institution (Enter the completed level of education e.g. if 21. Birth Weight (in kgs.) (if available):
studied upto class VII but passed only class VI,
2. House Address: write class VI) 22. Duration of pregnancy (in weeks):

9. Informant’s name: 14. Father’s occupation:


Address: (If no occupation write ‘Nil’)

(After completing all columns 1 to 22, informant will put 15. Mother’s occupation:
date and signature here:) (If no occupation write ‘Nil’)

Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant (Columns to be filled are over. Now put signature at left)

To be filled by the Registrar To be filled by the Registrar


Registration No.: Registration Date: Name: Code No. Registration No.: Registration Date:
Registration Unit: District: Date of Birth: Sex: 1.Male  2.Female
Town/Village: District: Tahsil: Age: Years/months/days/hours
Remarks: (if any) Town/Village: Place of Birth: 1.Hospital/Institution   2.House
Annexure V

Registration Unit:
Name and Signature of the Registrar Name and Signature of the Registrar
FORM No. 1A
FORM NO. 1A (See Rule 5) FORM NO. 1A

BIRTH REPORT FOR ADOPTED CHILD BIRTH REPORT FOR ADOPTED CHILD
Legal information Statistical information
This part to be added to the Still Birth Register This part to be detached and sent for statistical processing

To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Birth (If known, write exact date of birth). 14. Religion of the adoptive Father: (Tick the appropriate entry below)
(Otherwise record the date of birth as ascertained
by the Magistrate) 1.Hindu 2. Muslim 3.Christian

2. Sex: (Enter “male or “female”; 4. Any other religion: (write name of the religion)
do not use abbreviation
15. Adoptive father’s level of education:
3. Name of the child: (Enter the completed level of education e.g. if studied
(If name is changed on adoption, write new name) upto class VII but passed only class VI, write class VI

4. Name of the mother: (If Known)
16. Adoptive mother’s level of education:
5. Name of the father: (If Known) (Enter the completed level of education e.g. if studied
upto class VII but passed only class VI, write class VI)
6. Date and number of adoption deed/order

7. Name of the adoptive mother: 17. Adoptive father’s occupation: (If no occupation write ‘Nil’)

8. Name of the adoptive father:


18. Adoptive mother’s occupation: (If no occupation write ‘Nil’)
9. Address of adoptive parents as recorded in
Adoption deed.

10. Permanent address of adoptive parents:


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


11. Place of birth:

12. If adoption through agency: write the place &


address of the Adoption agency.

13. Informant’s name and address:

(After completing all columns 1 to 18 informant will put


date and signature here:)

*As contained in the original birth certificate.

Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant (Columns to be filled are over. Now put signature at left)

To be filled by the Registrar To be filled by the Registrar


Registration No.: Registration Date: Name: Code No. Registration No.: Registration Date:
Registration Unit: District: Date of Birth:
Town/Village: District: Tahsil: Sex: 1.Male  2.Female
100

Remarks: (if any) Town/Village: Place of Birth:


Registration Unit:
Name and Signature of the Registrar Name and Signature of the Registrar
FORM No. 2
FORM NO. 2 (See Rule 5) FORM NO. 2

DEATH REPORT DEATH REPORT FORM


Legal information Statistical information 101
This part to be added to the Death Register This part to be detached and sent for statistical processing

To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Death: (Enter the exact day, month and 11. Town or Village of Residence of the deceased: 15. Was the cause of death medically certified?:
year the death took place e.g. 1-1-2000) (Place where the deceased actually lived. This can be (Tick the appropriate entry below)
different from the place where the death occurred. 1.Yes 2. No
2. Name of the Deceased: The house address is not required to be entered.)
(Full name as usually written) a) Name of Town/Village:
16. Name of Disease or Actual Cause of Death:
3. Sex of the deceased: b) Is it a town or village: (Tick the appropriate (For all deaths irrespective of whether medically
(Enter “male” or “female”; do not use abbreviation) entry below) certified or not)
1. Town 2. Village
4. Name of the mother:
c) Name of District:
5. Name of the father/husband: 17. In case this is a female death, did the death occur
d) Name of State: while pregnant, at the time of delivery or within
6. Age of the deceased: (if the deceased was over 6 weeks after the end of pregnancy: (Tick the
1 year of age, give age in completed years. If the 12. Religion: (Tick the appropriate entry below) appropriate entry below)
deceased was below 1 year of age, give age in
months, and if below 1 month give age in completed 1.Hindu   2. Muslim   3.Christian   1.Yes 2. No
number of days, and if below one day, in hours)
4. Any other religion: (write the name of the religion)
7. Address of the deceased at the time of death: 18. If used to habitually smoke – for how many years?

8. Permanent address of the deceased: 13. Occupation of the deceased:


(If no occupation write ‘Nil’) 19. If used to habitually chew tobacco in any form –
9. Place of death: (Tick the appropriate entry 1, 2 or 3 for how many years?
14. Type of medical attention received before death:

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


below and give the name of the Hospital/Institution
or the address of the house where the death took (Tick the appropriate entry below)
place. If other place, give location) 20. If used to habitually chew arecanut in any form
1. Hospital/ Name: 1. Institutional (including pan masala) – for how many years?
Institution
2. Medical attention other than institution
2. House Address: 21. If used to habitually drink alcohol – for how
many years?
3. No medical attention
10. Informant’s name:
Address:

(After completing all columns 1 to 21, informant will put


date and signature here:)
Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant (Columns to be filled are over. Now put signature at left)

To be filled by the Registrar To be filled by the Registrar


Registration No.: Registration Date: Name: Code No. Registration No.: Registration Date:
Registration Unit: District: Date of Death: Sex: 1.Male  2.Female
Town/Village: District: Tahsil: Age: Years/months/days/hours
Remarks: (if any) Town/Village: Place of Death: 1.Hospital/Institution   2.House   3. Other Place
Annexure V

Registration Unit:
Name and Signature of the Registrar Name and Signature of the Registrar
FORM No. 3
FORM NO. 3 (See Rule 5) FORM NO. 3

STILL BIRTH REPORT STILL BIRTH REPORT In the case of multiple births, fill in a separate form for
Legal information Statistical information each child and write ‘Twin birth’ or ‘Triple birth’ etc., as the
This part to be added to the Still Birth Register This part to be detached and sent for statistical processing case may be, in the remarks column in the box below left.

To be filled by the informant To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Birth: (Enter the exact day, month and year 7. Town or Village of Residence of the mother: (Place where the mother usually lives. This can be different from the
e.g.1-1-2000) place where the delivery occurred. The house address is not required to be entered.)

2. Sex: (Enter “male” or “female”) a) Name of Town/Village:


(Do not use abbreviation)

3. Name of the father: b) Is it a town or village: (Tick the appropriate entry below)
(Full name as usually written) 1. Town 2. Village

4. Name of the mother: c) Name of District:


(Full name as usually written)
d) Name of State:
5. Place of birth:
(Tick the appropriate entry below and give the name
8. Age of the mother (in completed years) at the time of this birth:
of the Hospital/Institution or the address of the
house where the birth took place)
9. Mother’s level of education:
1. Hospital/ Name: (Enter the completed level of education e.g. if studied upto class VII but passed only class VI, write class VI)
Institution
10. Type of attention at delivery: (Tick the appropriate entry below)
2. House Address: 1. Institutional – Government
2. Institutional – Private or Non-Government
6. Informant’s name: 3. Doctor, Nurse or Trained midwife
Address:
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India

4. Traditional Birth Attendant

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


5. Relatives or others

11. Duration of pregnancy: (in weeks)

12. Cause of foetal death: (if known)

(After completing all columns 1 to 12, informant will put


date and signature here:)

(Columns to be filled are over. Now put signature at left)


Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant

To be filled by the Registrar To be filled by the Registrar


Registration No.: Registration Date: Name: Code No. Registration No.: Registration Date:
Registration Unit: District: Date of Death: Sex: 1.Male  2.Female
Town/Village: District: Tahsil: Age: Years/months/days/hours
102

Remarks: (if any) Town/Village: Place of Death: 1.Hospital/Institution   2.House   3. Other Place
Registration Unit:
Name and Signature of the Registrar Name and Signature of the Registrar
103 Annexure V

FORM NO. 4
(See Rule 7)
MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF CAUSE OF DEATH
(Hospital In-patients. Not to be used for still births)
To be sent to Registrar along with Form No. 2 (Death Report)

Name of the Hospital ……………………………………………………………….............................................................................................................................


I hereby certify that the person whose particulars are given below died in the hospital in Ward No…………….............................................……..
on …………….............................................……….. at ………........................AM/PM

NAME OF DECEASED
Sex Age at Death For use of
If 1 year or more, age If less than 1 year, age in If less than one If less than one Statistical Office
in years month month, age in days day, age in hours
1. Male
2. Female
CAUSE OF DEATH Interval between
onset and death
I Immediate cause (a) ……………………………………................... approx.
State the disease, injury or complication which due to (or as a consequences of)
caused death, not the mode of dying such as
heart failure, asthenia, etc.

Antecedent cause (b) ……………………………………...................


Morbid conditions, if any, giving rise to the due to (or as a consequences of)
above cause, stating underlying conditions last

II Other significant conditions contributing to (c) ……………………………………...................


the death but not related to the disease or
condition causing it ……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

Manner of Death How did the injury occur?

1. Natural   2. Accident   3. Suicide   4. Homicide


5. Pending investigation
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

If deceased was a female, was pregnancy the death associated with? 1. Yes   2. No
If yes, was there a delivery? 1. Yes   2. No
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Name and signature of the Medical Attendant certifying the cause of death

Date of verification.……………………………………………………………….....................
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SEE REVERSE FOR INSTRUCTIONS


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(To be detached and handed over to the relative of the deceased)

Certified that Shri/Smt/Kum……………………………………….. S/W/D of Shri ………………................……………………………..

R/O …………………………………………………………..................... was admitted to this hospital on ………………………………….

and expired on …………………………………………...................

Doctor …………………………………………………….....................
(Medical Supdt.
Name of Hospital)
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 104

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF CAUSE OF DEATH


Directions for completing the form

Name of deceased: To be given in full. Do not use initials. If deceased is an infant, not yet named at time of death, write ‘Son of (S/o)’
or ‘Daughter of (D/o)’, followed by names of mother and father.

Age: If the deceased was over 1 year of age, give age in completed years. If the deceased was below 1 year of age, give age in months and
if below 1 month give age in completed number of days, and if below one day, in hours.

Cause of Death: This part of the form should always be completed by the attending physician personally.

The certificate of cause of death is divided into two parts, I and II. Part I is again divided into three parts, lines (a) (b) (c). If a single morbid
condition completely explains the deaths, then this will be written on line (a) of Part I, and nothing more need be written in the rest of Part I
or in Part II, for example, smallpox, lobar pneumonia, cardiac beriberi, are sufficient cause of death and usually nothing more is needed.

Often, however, a number of morbid conditions will have been present at death, and the doctor must then complete the certificate in the
proper manner so that the correct underlying cause will be tabulated. First, enter in Part I(a) the immediate cause of death. This does not
mean the mode of dying, e.g., heart failure, respiratory failure, etc. These terms should not be appear on the certificate at all since they
are modes of dying and not causes of death. Next consider whether the immediate cause is a complication or delayed result of some other
cause. If so, enter the antecedent cause in Part I, line (b). Sometimes there will be three stages in the course of events leading to death.
If so, line (c) will be completed. The underlying cause to be tabulated is always written in last in Part I.

Morbid conditions or injuries may be present which were not directly related to the train of events causing death but which contributed in
some way to the fatal outcome. Sometimes the doctor finds it difficult to decide, especially for infant deaths, which of several independent
conditions was the primary cause of death; but only one cause can be tabulated, so the doctor must decide. If the other diseases are not
effects of the underlying cause, they are entered in Part II.

Do not write two or more conditions on a single line. Please write the names of the diseases (in full) in the certificates as legibly as possible
to avoid the risk of their being misread.

Onset: Complete the column for interval between onset and death whenever possible, even if very approximately, e.g., “from birth”
“several years”.

Accidental or violent deaths: Both the external cause and the nature of the injury are needed and should be stated. The doctor or hospital
should always be able to describe the injury, stating the part of the body injured, and should give the external cause in full when this is
shown. Example : (a) Hypostatic pneumonia; (b) Fracture of neck of femur; (c) Fall from ladder at home.

Maternal deaths: Be sure to answer the question on pregnancy and delivery. This information is needed for all women of child-bearing age,
even though the pregnancy may have had nothing to do with the death.

Old age or senility: Old age (or senility) should not be given as a cause of death if a more specific cause is known. If old age was a
contributory factor, it should be entered in Part II. Example : (a) Chronic bronchitis, II old age.

Completeness of information: A complete case history is not wanted, but, if the information is available, enough details should be given to
enable the underlying cause to be properly classified.

Example: Anaemia – Give type of anaemia, if known. Neoplasm – Indicate whether benign or malignant, and site, with site of primary
neoplasm, whenever possible, Heart disease – Describe the condition specifically; if congestive heart failure, chronic on pulmonale, etc.,
are mentioned, give the antecedent conditions. Tetanus – Describe the antecedent injury, if known. Operation – State the condition for
which the operation was performed. Dysentery – Specify whether bacillary, amoebic, etc., if known. Complications of pregnancy or delivery
– Describe the complication specifically, Tuberculosis – Give organs affected.

Symptomatic statement: Convulsions, diarrhea, fever, ascites, jaundice, debility, etc., are symptoms which may be due to any one of a
number of different conditions. Sometimes nothing more is known, but whenever possible, give the disease which caused the symptom.

Manner of Death: Deaths not due to external cause should be identified as ‘Natural’. If the cause of death is known, but it is not known
whether it was the result of an accident, suicide or homicide and is subject to further investigation, the cause of death should invariably
be filled in and the manner of death should be shown as ‘Pending investigation’.
105 Annexure V

FORM NO. 4A
(See Rule 7)
MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF CAUSE OF DEATH
(For non-institutional deaths. Not to be used for still births)
To be sent to Registrar along with Form No. 2 (Death Report)

I hereby certify that the deceased Shri/Smt/Km……………………................................................son/wife/daughter of……………..........…......………


…………................................…… resident of …………………....................................................…………………....................………………………………… was
under my treatment from ………........................ to ………........................ and he/she died on ………........................ at ………........................A.M./P.M.

NAME OF DECEASED
Sex Age at Death For use of
If 1 year or more, age If less than 1 year, age in If less than one If less than one Statistical Office
in years month month, age in days day, age in hours
1. Male
2. Female
CAUSE OF DEATH Interval between
onset and death
I Immediate cause (a) ……………………………………................... approx.
State the disease, injury or complication which due to (or as a consequences of)
caused death, not the mode of dying such as
heart failure, asthenia, etc.

Antecedent cause (b) ……………………………………...................


Morbid conditions, if any, giving rise to the due to (or as a consequences of)
above cause, stating underlying conditions last

II Other significant conditions contributing to (c) ……………………………………...................


the death but not related to the disease or
condition causing it ……………………………………...................

……………………………………...................

If deceased was a female, was pregnancy the death associated with? 1. Yes   2. No
If yes, was there a delivery? 1. Yes   2. No
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Name and signature of the Medical Attendant certifying the cause of death

Date of verification.……………………………………………………………….....................
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SEE REVERSE FOR INSTRUCTIONS


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(To be detached and handed over to the relative of the deceased)

Certified that Shri/Smt/Kum……………………………………….. S/W/D of Shri ………………................……………………………..

R/O ……………………………………………………….....................… was under my treatment from ………………………………..... to ……………………………….....

and he/she expired on ………………………………..... at ………………………………..... A.M./P.M.

Doctor ……………………………………………………..
Signature and address of Medical Practitioner/
Medical attendant with Registration No.
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 106

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF CAUSE OF DEATH


Directions for completing the form

Name of deceased: To be given in full. Do not use initials. If deceased is an infant, not yet named at time of death, write ‘Son of (S/o)’
or ‘Daughter of (D/o)’, followed by names of mother and father.

Age: If the deceased was over 1 year of age, give age in completed years. If the deceased was below 1 year of age, give age in months and
if below 1 month give age in completed number of days, and if below one day, in hours.

Cause of Death: This part of the form should always be completed by the attending physician personally.

The certificate of cause of death is divided into two parts, I and II. Part I is again divided into three parts, lines (a) (b) (c). If a single morbid
condition completely explains the deaths, then this will be written on line (a) of Part I, and nothing more need be written in the rest of Part I
or in Part II, for example, smallpox, lobar pneumonia, cardiac beriberi, are sufficient cause of death and usually nothing more is needed.

Often, however, a number of morbid conditions will have been present at death, and the doctor must then complete the certificate in the
proper manner so that the correct underlying cause will be tabulated. First, enter in Part I(a) the immediate cause of death. This does not
mean the mode of dying, e.g., heart failure, respiratory failure, etc. These terms should not be appear on the certificate at all since they
are modes of dying and not causes of death. Next consider whether the immediate cause is a complication or delayed result of some other
cause. If so, enter the antecedent cause in Part I, line (b). Sometimes there will be three stages in the course of events leading to death.
If so, line (c) will be completed. The underlying cause to be tabulated is always written in last in Part I.

Morbid conditions or injuries may be present which were not directly related to the train of events causing death but which contributed in
some way to the fatal outcome. Sometimes the doctor finds it difficult to decide, especially for infant deaths, which of several independent
conditions was the primary cause of death; but only one cause can be tabulated, so the doctor must decide. If the other diseases are not
effects of the underlying cause, they are entered in Part II.

Do not write two or more conditions on a single line. Please write the names of the diseases (in full) in the certificates as legibly as possible
to avoid the risk of their being misread.

Onset: Complete the column for interval between onset and death whenever possible, even if very approximately, e.g., “from birth”
“several years”.

Accidental or violent deaths: Both the external cause and the nature of the injury are needed and should be stated. The doctor or hospital
should always be able to describe the injury, stating the part of the body injured, and should give the external cause in full when this is
shown. Example : (a) Hypostatic pneumonia; (b) Fracture of neck of femur; (c) Fall from ladder at home.

Maternal deaths: Be sure to answer the question on pregnancy and delivery. This information is needed for all women of child-bearing age,
even though the pregnancy may have had nothing to do with the death.

Old age or senility: Old age (or senility) should not be given as a cause of death if a more specific cause is known. If old age was a
contributory factor, it should be entered in Part II. Example : (a) Chronic bronchitis, II old age.

Completeness of information: A complete case history is not wanted, but, if the information is available, enough details should be given to
enable the underlying cause to be properly classified.

Example: Anaemia – Give type of anaemia, if known. Neoplasm – Indicate whether benign or malignant, and site, with site of primary
neoplasm, whenever possible, Heart disease – Describe the condition specifically; if congestive heart failure, chronic on pulmonale, etc.,
are mentioned, give the antecedent conditions. Tetanus – Describe the antecedent injury, if known. Operation – State the condition for
which the operation was performed. Dysentery – Specify whether bacillary, amoebic, etc., if known. Complications of pregnancy or delivery
– Describe the complication specifically, Tuberculosis – Give organs affected.

Symptomatic statement: Convulsions, diarrhea, fever, ascites, jaundice, debility, etc., are symptoms which may be due to any one of a
number of different conditions. Sometimes nothing more is known, but whenever possible, give the disease which caused the symptom.
107 Annexure V

State
Govt.
Emblem
TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 108

State
Govt.
Emblem

firk@ifr dk uke@ Name of Father@Husband......................................................


109 Annexure V

FORM No. 7
(See Rule 12)

BIRTH REGISTER

FORM NO. 1
BIRTH REPORT 

Legal information
This part to be added to the Birth Register

To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Birth: (Enter the exact day, month and year the
child was born e.g. 1-1-2000)

2. Sex: (Enter “male” or “female”;


do not use abbreviation)

3. Name of the child, if any:


(If not named, leave blank)

4. Name of the father:


(Full name as usually written)

5. Name of the mother:


(Full name as usually written)

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


6. Address of parents at the time of
Birth of the Child:

7. Permanent address of parents:

8. Place of birth: (Tick the appropriate entry 1 or 2 below and give the name of the
Hospital/Institution or the address of the house where the birth took place)

1. Hospital/ Institution Name:


2. House Address:

9. Informant’s name:
Address:

(After completing all columns 1 to 22, informant will put date and signature here:)

Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant

To be filled by the Registrar

Registration No.: Registration Date :

Registration Unit:

Town/Village: District :

Remarks: (if any)

Name and Signature of the Registrar


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 110

FORM No. 8
(See Rule 12)

DEATH REGISTER

FORM NO. 2
DEATH REPORT 

Legal information
This part to be added to the Death Register

To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Death: (Enter the exact day, month


and year the death took place e.g. 1-1-2000)

2. Name of the deceased:


(Full name as usually written)

3. Sex of the deceased:


(Enter “male or “female”; do not use abbreviation)

4. Name of Mother:

Name of Father/husband

5. Age of the deceased: (if the deceased was over 1 year of age, give age in
completed years. If the deceased was below 1 year of age, give age in months, and if
below 1 month give age in completed number of days, and if below one day, in hours)

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


6. Address of the deceased at the time of death:

7. Permanent address of the deceased:

8. Place of Death: (Tick the appropriate entry 1, 2 or 3 below and give the name of the Hospital/
Institution or the address of the house where the birth took place)

9. 1. Hospital/ Institution Name:


2. House Address:

10. Informant’s name:


Address :

(After completing all columns 1 to 22, informant will put date and signature here :)

Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant

To be filled by the Registrar

Registration No.: Registration Date :

Registration Unit:

Town/Village: District :

Remarks: (if any)

Name and Signature of the Registrar


111 Annexure V

FORM No. 9
(See Rule 12)

STILL BIRTH REGISTER

FORM NO. 3
STILL BIRTH REPORT

Legal information
This part to be added to the Death Register

To be filled by the informant

1. Date of Birth:
(Enter the exact day, month and year e.g.1-1-2000)

2. Sex: (Enter “male” or “female”)


(Do not use abbreviation)

3. Name of the father:


(Full name as usually written)

To be detached and sent for statistical processing


4. Name of the mother:
(Full name as usually written)

5. Place of birth: (Tick the appropriate entry below and give the name of the
Hospital/Institution or the address of the house where the birth took place)

1. Hospital/ Institution Name:

2. House Address:

6. Informant’s name:

Address :

(After completing all columns 1 to 12, informant will put date and signature here :)

Date: Signature or left thumb mark of the informant

To be filled by the Registrar

Registration No.: Registration Date :

Registration Unit:

Town/Village: District :

Remarks: (if any)

Name and Signature of the Registrar


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 112

FORM No. 10
(See Rule 13)

NON-AVAILABILITY CERTIFICATE
(Issued under Section 17 of the Registration of Births & Deaths Act, 1969)

This is to certify that a search has been made on the request of Shri/Smt./Kum………………………..……………………………………....................

.................................................................... son/wife/daughter of …………..……………………………………………......................................................

in the registration records for the year(s) ..........………………………............................ relating to (Local area) ..........………………………..............

...............……………………………………………of (Tahsil) …………….............………………………….……….. of (District) ……………….……………..................

of (State) ………………….……………….................................. and found that the event relating to the birth/death of …………………………………...

son/daughter of ….……………………………......................… was not registered.

Date ………………………… Signature of issuing authority

Seal
113 Annexure V

FORM No. 11
(See Rule 14)

SUMMARY MONTHLY REPORT OF BIRTHS

1. Report for the Month of : ........................................................................................... Year : .......................................................................

2. District : ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

3. Town/Village : .................................................................................................................................................................................................

4. Registration Unit: ...........................................................................................................................................................................................

5. Number of Births Registered: .......................................................................................................................................................................

(a) Within one year of their Occurrence:

(b) After one year of their Occurrence:

Total* (a + b):

*Total should be equal to the number of statistical part of Birth Report Forms (Form No.1) attached with this monthly report.

Signature & Name of the Registrar

Dated:

Submitted to the Chief Registrar/District Registrar


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 114

FORM No. 12
(See Rule 14)

SUMMARY MONTHLY REPORT OF DEATHS

1. Report for the Month of : ........................................................................................... Year : ......................................................................

2. District : ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

3. Town/Village : .................................................................................................................................................................................................

4. Registration Unit: ...........................................................................................................................................................................................

5. Details of Deaths Registered during the Month: .........................................................................................................................................

Deaths Infant Maternal


Registered within one year of occurrence Registered after one year of occurrence Total * Deaths Deaths

1 2 3 4 5

Note: Infant and Maternal Deaths should also be included in the Deaths.

*Total should be equal to the number of statistical part of Death Report Forms (Form No.2) attached with this monthly report.

Signature & Name of the Registrar

Dated:

Submitted to the Chief Registrar/District Registrar


115 Annexure V

FORM No. 13
(See Rule 14)

SUMMARY MONTHLY REPORT OF STILL BIRTHS

1. Report for the Month of : ........................................................................................... Year : ......................................................................

2. District : ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

3. Town/Village : .................................................................................................................................................................................................

4. Registration Unit: ...........................................................................................................................................................................................

5. Number of Still Births Registered*: ..............................................................................................................................................................


*Number of Still Births Registered should be equal to the number of Still Birth Report Forms (Form No.3) attached with this
monthly report.

Signature & Name of the Registrar

Dated:

Submitted to the Chief Registrar/District Registrar


TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 116

NOTES:
117
For official use only © Copyright Government of India, 2012

TRAINING MANUAL for Civil Registration Functionaries in India 118

Office of the Registrar General, India


2/A, Man Singh Road, New Delhi - 110011
https://www.censusindia.gov.in

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