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Electrical Formulas, Explanations

ELECTRICAL FORMULAS AND EXPLANATIONS


APPENDIX CONTENTS
HEAT.........................................................................................................................................................2
Thermometer Scales...............................................................................................................................2
UNITS DERIVED FROM THE BASE ELECTRICAL UNIT (AMPERE).............................................2

RULES OF THUMB FOR ELECTRICAL MOTORS..............................................................................2

Horsepower Revolutions Per Minute - Torque.......................................................................................3

Shaft Size - Horsepower - Revolutions Per Minute................................................................................3

ELECTRICAL FORMULAS.....................................................................................................................4
Power......................................................................................................................................................5
Parallel Circuits.......................................................................................................................................5
Direct Current:........................................................................................................................................6
Single Phase:...........................................................................................................................................6
Three Phase............................................................................................................................................6
To Find Watts..........................................................................................................................................6
Capacitance (C)......................................................................................................................................7
Induction (L)...........................................................................................................................................7
Reactance............................................................................................................................................7
Impedance (Z).........................................................................................................................................8
Power factor (PF)...................................................................................................................................8

TRIGONOMETRY....................................................................................................................................8
POWER FACTOR CORRECTION TABLE:............................................................................................9
TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONS.......................................................................................................9
VOLTAGE AND CURRENT RELATIONSHIPS...................................................................................10
VOLTAGE AND COIL TURN RELATIONSHIPS.................................................................................10
AMPERES AND COIL TURN RELATIONSHIPS................................................................................10
RESISTOR COLOR CODE....................................................................................................................10
FULL-LOAD CURRENT IN AMPERES FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS..................................11
COMPARISON OF AC AND DC CURRENTS......................................................................................12
PREFIXES USED FOR SUBDIVISIONS AND MULTIPLES OF UNITS...........................................16