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4/10/2011 

Riverbank
erosion control
Gandhiv Kafle
Lecturer, IOF, Hetauda

WME 508: Soil and water conservation 
1  engineering ‐ by Gandhiv Kafle 

Techniques
1. Temporary and emergency measures
2. Methods depending mainly on sprouting
brushwood
3. Riverbank stabilization by plantation
4. Solid structures

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

Raunbaum method
} Use of whole trees
with dense and
well branched
trees along the
riverbank
} Reduces bank
erosion

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 

Temporary groynes
} Placing whole trees
from the riverbank
at some angles to
the water flow
} Modifies sediments
and waterflow
velocity; controls
erosion on
riverbank
WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

Techniques
} Temporary and emergency measures
} Methods depending mainly on sprouting
brushwood
} Riverbank stabilization by plantation
} Solid structures

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 

Brushwood groynes
} Used in eroded
bank
} Layering of brushes
on trench, piled by
stones
} Protects eroded
river bank

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

Rip rap with cuttings


} Placed on the
slopy river bank to
reduce river
cutting

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 

Combined stone and


brushwood piling
} Placed on the
slopy river bank to
reduce river
cutting

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

Techniques
} Temporary and emergency measures
} Methods depending mainly on sprouting
brushwood
} Riverbank stabilization by plantation
} Solid structures

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 

10 

Weirs
} Like checkdams in
gullies
} Breaks the speed
and direction of
flow

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

11 

Solid groynes
} Concrete blocks
placed in some
angle to the
waterflow from the
riverbank
} Modifies
sedimentaiton and
water velocity;
reduces erosion
WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 

12 

Spurs
} Short than solid
groynes
} Placed like groynes
} In various shapes
(t-head, round
nose, j-head etc.)

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle 


4/10/2011 

13 

Planting of trees and shrubs


along riverbank

WME 508: Soil and water conservation engineering ‐ 
by Gandhiv Kafle