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AS1684 Revision Residential Timber Framed Construction Standard 2006 Edition

AS1684 Revision

Residential Timber Framed Construction Standard

2006 Edition

Reason for Revision

A requirement by Standards Australia to review BCA primary reference standards every 5 years.

Reason for Revision

Its been 6 years since the last revision

 

This standard was first published in 1999

With amendments dated:

  • 1. April

2000

  • 2. October 2000

  • 3. May

2001

  • 4. May

2002

 

Revision Objectives

Address issues and practices of some state building industry interests to reflect:

State needs

& Construction practices

 
 

Revision Objectives

Include:

Editorial amendments

& Technical changes

Revision Objectives

Improve deemed to satisfy (DTS) usage & Provide economical DTS details

Changes to Section1 Scope and General Changes to Section1 Scope and General Clause 1.2 (1999 Version)

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.2 (1999 Version) “Application” has been deleted

this clause used to introduce the Standard in January 2000 (no longer necessary)

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.3 (1999 Version) “Use of alternative materials or methods” has been deleted

this is the role of the BCA (provide DTS solutions)

however does not preclude the use of alternative systems

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.4 (1999 Version) “Companion Documents” moved to Clause 1.2

AS1684.1 Design criteria (unchanged) AS1684.3 Cyclonic wind areas AS1684.4 Simplified – Non-cyclonic areas

AS1684 Parts 3 & 4

The changes in Part 2 have been mirrored in Parts 3 & 4

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.5 (1999 Version) “Referenced Documents” has been deleted

Replaced with:

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.3 (2006 Version) “Normative References” a new clause

lists 36 other Standards & the BCA as indispensable documents

nominates Appendix A as a list of “informative” related documents (page 218)

Explanation from the Preface

“Normative”

an integral part of the Standard

“Informative”

for information and guidance only

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

 

AS1684.2 1999

 

AS1684.2 2006

1.6

Limitations

1.4

Limitations

1.7

Design Criteria

1.5

Design Criteria

1.8

Forces on Buildings

1.6

Forces on Buildings

1.9

Load Paths Offsets and Cantilevers

1.7

Load Paths Offsets and Cantilevers

1.10

Durability

1.8

Durability

1.11

Dimensions

1.9

Dimensions

1.12

Bearing

1.10

Bearing

1.13

Stress Grades

1.11

Stress Grades

1.14

Engineered Timber Products

1.12

Engineered Timber Products

1.15

Size Tolerances

1.13

Size Tolerances

1.16

Alternative Timber Dimensions

1.14

Alternative Timber Dimensions

1.17

Guidelines for Design using this

1.15

Considerations for Design using this

Standard

Standard

1.18

Interpolation

1.16

Interpolation

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.8 (2006 Version) “Durability” a technical change

Above-ground durability classes (now nominated) Reference to AS1720 parts 1 & 2 deleted New reference to AS5604 (more detail in Appendix C)

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.11 (2006 Version) “Stress Grades” a technical change (contained within the notes to Table 1.2)

span tables from the standard can now be used for F8 & F11 unseasoned softwood

F8 & F11 unseasoned hardwood tables are recommended for use (no new table)

Changes to Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.15 (2006 Version) “Considerations for Design using this Standard” a name change only

however nominated Clause 1.6 has been changed to 1.4 to line up with the overall renumbering of the clauses

Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.15 “Considerations for Design using this Standard” Nominates procedures to be adopted must first determine

Design gust wind speed & Corresponding wind classification

Section1

Scope and General

Clause 1.15 “Considerations for Design using this Standard”

basic consideration

wind classification is the primary reference used throughout this Standard

recommends flow chart in Figure 1.7 as guidance for design procedures (page 18)

Changes to Section 5

Flooring and Decking

Clause 5.7 (1999 Version)

Decking has been removed

Table 5.3 upgraded

Changes to Section 5

Flooring and Decking

Clause 5.7 (2006 Version)

refers only to maximum spacing of supports for T & G and sheet flooring

Table 5.3 – Strip Flooring

all hardwoods considered on density and grading characteristics only, as per AS2796

Softwoods (excluding cypress) are noted as per the detail of AS4785.1

Changes to Section 5 Flooring and Decking Clause 5.7 (1999 Version) Decking has been removed Table

Changes to Section 5

Flooring and Decking

Clause 5.8 (2006 Version) a new clause

Decking – deals only with the spacing of floor joists for timber decking

Table 5.4, moved from Clause 5.7

Table 5.5, Decking Board Fixing Requirements has been added

Changes to Section 5 Flooring and Decking Clause 5.8 (2006 Version) a new clause Decking –

Changes to Section 5

Flooring and Decking

Clause 5.8 (2006 Version)

Table 5.5, Decking Board Fixing Requirements

Specifies hot-dip galv or stainless steel 2 nails per board crossing Different thicknesses for machine or hand-driven nails

Changes to Section 6

Wall Framing

Clause 6.2 (2006 Version)

Section 6.2.3 Openings

specifies that jack studs must be the same orientation as the common studs allows the use of nail lamination in jack studs

Changes to Section 6

Wall Framing

Clause 6.2 (2006 Version) Section 6.2.3 Openings – Figure 6.9 Openings, Detail (a)

span has been increased from 900 mm to 1200 mm title has been amended to include (Non-loadingbearing walls)

Changes to Section 6 Wall Framing Clause 6.2 (2006 Version) Section 6.2.3 Openings specifies that jack

Changes to Section 6

Wall Framing

Clause 6.3 (2006 Version)

Section 6.3.8 Posts supporting roof and/ or floor loads

An allowance has been made for the use of undersized seasoned posts

New paragraph at bottom of page 79

Changes to Section 6

Wall Framing

Clause 6.3 (2006 Version)

Section 6.3.8 Posts supporting roof and/ or floor loads

Industry normal is up to 3mm under size i.e. 90 X 90 are normally 88 x 88mm

Calculate roof and/or floor area to be supported 10% bigger, then use nominal seasoned size from Span Table 53

Change to Section 7

Roof Framing

Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins

This section has been completely rewritten

Greater clarification is given to underpurlins that support valley or hip rafters

Change to Section 7

Roof Framing

Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There are 2 new subsections

(a) Underpurlins supporting a hip or valley rafter

Change to Section 7 Roof Framing Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There

Change to Section 7

Roof Framing

Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There are 2 new subsections

(a) Underpurlins supporting a hip or valley rafter

(b) Underpurlins supported by a hip or valley rafter

Change to Section 7 Roof Framing Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There

Change to Section 7

Roof Framing

Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There are 2 new subsections

(a) Underpurlins supporting a hip or valley rafter

(b) Underpurlins supported by a hip or valley rafter

Figure 7.7 has been upgraded

Change to Section 7 Roof Framing Clause 7.2 (2006 Version) Section 7.2.10.4 Support of underpurlins There

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Clause 8.1 (2006 Version) 8.1 General

the inclusion of the words “shall be” preceding “distributed evenly throughout” in the 2 nd paragraph

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Clause 8.1 (2006 Version) 8.1 General

“even distribution” now becomes a requirement rather than a recommendation

still no guidance on what “even distribution” means.

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

extra fixing requirements included in some of the details example detail (b)

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

extra fixing requirements included in some of the details example detail (b) example detail (d)

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing/Errors (advised by TDA Engineer Andrew Dunn) detail (d)

Net sectional area of alternative metal strap should be 24 mm² not 15 mm² as shown

Fixing of bottom plate requires specific fixing from Clause 8.3.6.10 – not nominal as shown

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing/Errors

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

additional details and Bracing types added

to Hardboard

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Detail (l) Hardboard Type A

Minimum thickness, 4.8 mm specified

Spacing and length of nail fixing has been altered

Fixing of bottom plate to floor frame or slab has been reduced to nominal fixing only

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Detail (m) Hardboard Types B & C

Type C is new, a 9kN/m unit Minimum thickness, 4.8 mm specified Spacing of nail fixing has been altered

Specific fixing details of bottom plate to floor frame or slab have been included for both Types B & C

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Detail (n) Hardboard Types D & E

Type D is new Short Panel, 3.4kN/m unit Minimum thickness, 4.8 mm specified Spacing and type of fixings specified Nominal fixing of bottom plate to floor frame or slab for Type D only

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Detail (n) Hardboard Types D & E

Type E is new Short Panel, 6.0kN/m unit Minimum thickness, 4.8 mm specified Spacing and type of fixings specified Specific fixing of bottom plate to floor frame or slab is required i.e. M12 rods each end

Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing
Changes to Section 8 Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing) Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

Changes to Section 8

Racking and Shear Forces (Bracing)

Table 8.18 (2006 Version) Structural Wall Bracing

All Details Hardboard Types A B C D & E

A new note to all details, L M & N, which specifies that at least one side of the bracing wall shall be lined with gypsum plaster board or equivalent

Changes to Section 9 Fixings and Tie-Down Design Clause 9.2 (2006 Version) General Connection Requirements Section

Changes to Section 9

Fixings and Tie-Down Design

Clause 9.2 (2006 Version) General Connection Requirements

Section 9.2.2 Corrosion protection and steel grade – has been revised

minimum corrosion protection for strap or similar connections – shall be Z 275 Minimum thickness of strap – shall be 0.8 mm Minimum steel grade for strap or similar connections – shall be G 300

Changes to Section 9

Fixings and Tie-Down Design

Table 9.15 (2006 Version) Joint Groups Item 6 – Elsewhere has been clarified

Now reads – Douglas fir (Oregon) from elsewhere unseasoned J5 seasoned JD5

Changes to Appendices There are 9 separate appendices Changes to Appendix A Informative and Related Documents

Changes to Appendices

There are 9 separate appendices

Changes to Appendix A

Informative and Related Documents

Renamed – formerly “List of Referenced and Related Documents”

Reclassified as “Informative”

The “referenced Documents” have been placed into the body of the standard at Section 1 Clause 1.3 Normative References

Changes to Appendix B

Typical Construction Mass

Renamed – formerly “Mass of Roof”

Table B1.2 renamed as “Guide for Determination of Typical Building Construction Mass”

No real change, only slight restructure of the table

Changes to Appendix C

Durability

C 1 Durability – now includes the new above ground durability recommendations

Figure C 1 has been updated to include above – ground durability selections

Changes to Appendix B Typical Construction Mass Renamed – formerly “Mass of Roof” Table B1.2 renamed

Changes to Appendix C

Durability

Table C 1 has been updated to include more detailed specifications, the new headings are:

Exposure Specific service conditions Biological hazard Typical use

Changes to Appendix C Durability Table C 1 has been updated to include more detailed specifications,

Changes to Appendix H

Timber Species and Properties

H 2.10 (2006 Version) : now reads as – Natural durability class of heartwood

upgraded to include the new above ground durability recommendations

Table H2 has been added to define the probable life expectancy of above - ground

Extract from Table H1 Changes to Appendix H Timber Species and Properties H 2.11 (2006 Version)

Extract from Table H1

Extract from Table H1

Changes to Appendix H

Timber Species and Properties

H 2.11 (2006 Version) : now reads as – Lyctid susceptibility of sapwood

RS – Rarely susceptible (has been deleted)

New note has been added to explain the case of Alpine Ash and to confirm if origin unknown it must be assumed to be susceptible

Extract from Table H1

Extract from Table H1

Timber Solution Software

The computer program used to derive the AS1684 span tables is now:

“free to download”

www.timber.org.au or www.timber.net.au

Timber Solution Software The computer program used to derive the AS1684 span tables is now: “free
AS1684 Revision Residential Timber Framed Construction Standard 2006 Edition

AS1684 Revision

Residential Timber Framed Construction Standard

2006 Edition