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Importance of Agriculture for Pakistan

Agriculture is very important for Pakistan. It helps the country in the development of
economy. Every country has a vast land, which is used for agriculture. Pakistan is
also an agricultural country. Its total area is 7, 96,096 square kilometers. 70% of our
total population is living in the villages. The major source of their living is agriculture.
Agriculture employed 66% of the total workforce in 1950-51 but by 1999-2000. This
figure dropped to 47.3%. This shows that people are now not interested in farming.
They are doing jobs in industry and other fields.

They are leaving farming and migrated to cities. Because cities have more chances of
jobs. There are more factories and more development project offices. So, people move
from villages and settle in the cities. Another reason in the villages is that, people are
using tractor and machinery, so they need less people.

In Pakistan, the best area for agriculture is Punjab. Its soil is very fertile and its
irrigation system is very fine. Its total is equal to quarter of the total area for Pakistan.
But it has 57% of the total cultivated land. In Pakistan, we have two main crops, which
are Kharif crops and Rabi crops. Kharif crops grow in Summer while Rabi crops grow
in Winter.

The most important food crops in Pakistan are as following:

1. Wheat:- Wheat is a major need of our country. It is grown on a large area. This crop
is sown in October and November and harvested in April and May.

2. Rice:- Pakistan produces over 4.3 million tons of rice.

3. Maize:- Maize is a Kharif crop that grows in warm places.

4. Millet:- These crops can grow even in poor soils.

5. Pulses:- Pulses are good source of protein.

The most important cash crop in Pakistan are as following:-

1. Cotton:- Cotton is our leading exports. Pakistan produces 9.8 billions bales of
cotton a year.

2. Tobacco:- Tobacco is also an important cash crop. The best tobacco growing areas
are in Mardan and Peshawer.

3. Lives Stock:- Most of the milk comes from the buffaloes. Cow produce almost a
million tons of milk a year.
There are two principal crop seasons in Pakistan namely “Kharif”, with sowing beginning in April
and harvest between October and December and “Rabi” beginning in October-December and
ending in April-May. Rice, sugar cane, cotton, maize and millet are Kharif crops, while wheat,
gram, tobacco, rapeseed, barley and mustard are Rabi crops.

These are the usual harvests known as the Kharif or autumn, the Rabi or spring


Kharif Crops

The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize.
These are sown either alone or in combination with Arhar. Bajra is chiefly grown in light
and sandy soil. Between 1903 and 1907 Bajra alone or in combination covered 42.511 ha.
or 28.47 per cent of the kharif. In the subsequent year its cultivation in the district
increased by nearly 12,900ha. In 1380 Fasli year that is 1973-74 the bajra covered an area
of 77.673 ha. Jowar is generally grown in the stiffer and better soils but like bajra it is
usually mixed with arhar, the proportion grown alone being only 5per cent. Both Bajra
and Jowar are usually sown in June on unirrigated land,the fields being previously
prepared by ploughing. They are reaped in November. A considerable amount of Jowar is
grown only for fodder especially in Etawah and Bharthana tahsils. Another important
Kharif crop is rice.
Rabi Crop

Wheat heads the list of Rabi cereals in the district in point of area, which in 1973-74
constituted more than half of the total Rabi sowing. Wheat is grown pure as well as
mixed with crops like barley and gram. Wheat when mixed with gram is known as
gochani and with barley as gujai. The area under pure wheat has no doubt increased
during recent years, but the old practice or sowing mixed crops, a characteristic feature of
the district has not disappeared altogether. The wheat crop requires a good soil, and an
assured supply of water besides manure. In 1380 Fasli year wheat covered an area of
95,860 ha.
Kharif crop
The Kharif crop (Hindi: खरीफ, Urdu: ‫ )خريف‬is the autumn harvest (also known as the
summer or monsoon crop) in India and Pakistan. The term Kharif means "autumn" in
ArabicKharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during
the south-west monsoon season. The main monsoon season in India runs from June to
September and the southwest summer monsoon occur due to a low pressure area that's
caused by the extreme heat of the Thar Desert and adjoining areas, during summer.

[edit] Major Kharif crops

• Millets (Bajra and Jowar)
• Paddy (Rice)
• Maize
• Moong (Pulses)
• Groundnut
• Red Chillies
• Cotton
• Soyabean
• Sugarcane
• Turmeric

Rabi crop

The Rabi crop (Hindi: रबी, Urdu: ‫ )َرِبیع‬is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter
crop") in India and Pakistan. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic, when the crop is
harvested.Crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called
Rabi Crops.

[edit] Major Rabi crops

• Wheat
• Barley
• Mustard
• Peas
• Oats
• Kadli
• Oil seeds
• pulses