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a service provided to direct aircraft on

the ground and in the air.

 separates aircraft to prevent collisions,
to organize and expedite the flow of
 provide additional services such as
providing information to pilots
 Separation
 is a term used to prevent aircraft from coming
too close to each other by use of lateral, vertical
and longitudinal separation minima.
 Collision avoidance systems
 installed by many aircrafts now to act as a
backup to ATC observation and instructions.
 air controllers/ flight controllers,/ air traffic
controllers./air traffic control
officers (ATCOs)/ air traffic control
 the people who expedite and maintain a safe
and orderly flow of air traffic in the
global air traffic control system.
(Verkeerstorens Schiphol)
Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport,
 The airport Netherlands.

building from
which the air
traffic control unit
controls the
movement of
aircraft on and
around the
 is the only one in
Canada specifically
for a water
 At 142 m (466 ft)
above ground it is
the highest control
tower in the world
 located on top of
the Granville
Square building. 142
meter skyscraper
Vienna international

Sydney Airport control

 Local Control / Air Control
 Ground Control
 Flight Data/Clearance Delivery
 Ground (GND) handles all aircraft on the
ground, except that on the active
 It is vital to the smooth operation of the
airport, because this position impacts the
sequencing of departure aircraft,
affecting the safety and efficiency of the
airport's operation.
 Tower (TWR) handles all aircraft on
the active runways and airborne
aircraft that are visual with the
 Clears aircraft for takeoff or landing
 provide departing aircraft with their
 ensures that the aircraft have the
proper route and slot time.
 Many airports have a radar control facility that
is associated with the airport. In most
countries, this is referred to as Terminal
Control; in the U.S., it is referred to as
a TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control.)
 Where there are many busy airports close
together, one consolidated TRACON may service
all the airports.
 Ex. London Terminal Control Centre which
controls traffic for five main London airports up
to 20,000 feet (6,100 m) and out to
100 nautical miles (190 km).
 Terminal controllers are responsible for providing all
ATC services within their airspace. Traffic flow is
broadly divided into departures, arrivals, and over
flights. As aircraft move in and out of the terminal
airspace, they are handed off to the next appropriate
control facility (a control tower, an en-route control
facility, or a bordering terminal or approach control).
Terminal control is responsible for ensuring that
aircraft are at an appropriate altitude when they are
handed off, and that aircraft arrive at a suitable rate
for landing.
 In the US Air Force it is known as RAPCON (Radar
Approach Control), and in the US Navy as a "RATCF"
(Radar Air Traffic Control Facility) In Canada,
Approach Control may be called Arrival or Terminal.
 radios
a telephone system
 wind and pressure gauges
 a radar system used
in (ATC), which not only
detects and measures the
position of aircraft but
also requests additional
information from the
aircraft itself such as its
identity and altitude.
 These displays include a
map of the area, the
position of various
aircraft, and data tags
that include aircraft
identification, speed,
heading, and other
information described in
local procedures.
a light gun for
with aircraft
via aviation
light signals in
the event of a
radio failure
 Cab glass may be impact resistant laminated,
or the typical insulated annealed glass. Testing
includes the determination of acceptable
tolerances regarding double imaging.
 an aerodrome traffic monitor, which is a small
radar display that is not used for separation
purposes but allows controllers to see the
aircraft flying in the vicinity of the airport;
 a surface movement radar displaying aircraft
and vehicles on the airport to assist controllers
at night and in poor visibility;
 computerized meteorological information,
flight data and briefing systems.
 Aerodrome
beacon is
a beacon installed
an airport or aerodr
ome to indicate its
location to aircraft
pilots at night.
 It produces flashes
like that of
a lighthouse.