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16 2.

2 1
20 1.9 2.8 2
25 2.3 3.5 3
32 1.8 2.9 4.4 4
40 1.8 2.3 3.7 5.5 5
50 1.8 2.0 2.9 4.6 6.9 6
63 1.8 2.0 2.5 3.6 5.8 8.6 7
75 1.9 2.3 2.9 4.3 6.8 10.3 8
90 2.2 2.8 3.5 5.1 8.2 12.3 9
110 2.7 3.4 4.2 6.3 10.0 15.1 10
125 3.1 3.9 4.8 7.1 11.4 17.1 11
140 3.5 4.3 5.4 8.0 12.7 19.2 12
160 4.0 4.9 6.2 9.1 14.6 21.9 13
180 4.4 5.5 6.9 10.2 16.4 24.6 14
200 4.9 6.2 7.7 11.4 18.2 27.4 15
225 5.5 6.9 8.6 12.8 20.5 30.8 16
250 6.2 7.7 9.6 14.2 22.7 34.2 17
280 6.9 8.6 10.7 15.9 25.4 38.3 18
315 7.7 9.7 12.1 17.9 28.6 43.1 19
355 8.7 10.9 13.6 20.1 32.2 48.5 20
400 9.8 12.3 15.3 22.7 36.3 54.7 21
450 11.0 13.8 17.2 25.5 40.9 61.5 22
500 12.3 15.3 19.1 28.4 45.4 68.3 23
560 13.7 17.2 21.4 31.7 50.8 24
630 15.4 19.3 24.1 35.7 57.2 25
710 17.4 21.8 27.2 40.2 64.5 26
800 19.6 24.5 30.6 45.3 27
900 22.0 27.6 34.4 51.0 28
1000 24.5 30.6 38.2 56.7 29
1100 26.9 33.7 42.0 62.4 30
1200 29.4 36.7 45.9 68.0 31
1400 34.4 42.9 53.5 32
1600 39.2 49.0 61.2 33
Dn [mm] 2 1/2 3.2 4 6 10 16
Presiones nominales PN [bar]
HDPE PE80 DIN 8074 / ISO 4427
Espesor [mm]
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
2

3 Pipe Thickness [mm], according ASME B36.10M


4
5 ASME B36.10M SCHEDULE / IDENTIFICATION
6 Size dext 5 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 STD XS XXS

7 1/2 21.3 1.65 2.11 - 2.41 2.77 - 3.73 - 0 - 4.78 2.77 3.73 7.47
8 3/4 26.7 1.65 2.11 - 2.41 2.87 - 3.91 - 0 - 5.56 2.87 3.91 7.82
9 1 33.4 1.65 2.77 - 2.9 3.38 - 4.55 - 0 - 6.35 3.38 4.55 9.09
10 1 1/4 42.2 1.65 2.77 2.97 3.56 4.85 6.35 3.56 4.85 9.7
11 1 1/2 48.3 1.65 2.77 - 3.18 3.68 - 5.08 - 0 - 7.14 3.68 5.08 10.15
12 2 60.3 1.65 2.77 - 3.18 3.91 - 5.54 - 0 - 8.74 3.91 5.54 11.07
13 2 1/2 73 2.11 3.05 4.78 5.16 7.01 9.53 5.16 7.01 14.02
14 3 88.9 2.11 3.05 - 4.78 5.49 - 7.62 - 0 - 11.13 5.49 7.62 15.24
15 3 1/2 101.6 2.11 3.05 4.78 5.74 8.08 5.74 8.08
16 4 114.3 2.11 3.05 - 4.78 6.02 - 8.56 - 11.13 - 13.49 6.02 8.56 17.12
17 5 141.3 2.77 3.4 - - 6.55 - 9.53 - 12.7 - 15.88 6.55 9.53 19.05
18 6 168.3 2.77 3.4 - - 7.11 - 10.97 - 14.27 - 18.26 7.11 10.97 21.95
19 8 219.1 2.77 3.76 6.35 7.04 8.18 10.31 12.7 15.09 18.26 20.62 23.01 8.18 12.7 22.23
20 10 273 3.4 4.19 6.35 7.8 9.27 12.7 15.09 18.26 21.44 25.4 28.58 9.27 12.7 25.4
21 12 323.8 3.96 4.57 6.35 8.38 10.31 14.27 17.48 21.44 25.4 28.58 33.32 9.53 12.7 25.4
22 14 355.6 3.96 6.35 7.92 9.53 11.13 15.09 19.05 23.83 27.79 31.75 35.71 9.53 12.7 -
23 16 406.4 4.19 6.35 7.92 9.53 12.7 16.66 21.44 26.19 30.96 36.53 40.49 9.53 12.7 -
24 18 457 4.19 6.35 7.92 11.13 14.27 19.05 23.83 29.36 34.93 39.67 45.24 9.53 12.7 -
25 20 508 4.78 6.35 9.53 12.7 15.09 20.62 26.19 32.54 38.1 44.45 50.01 9.53 12.7 -
26 22 559 4.78 6.35 9.53 12.7 - 22.23 28.58 34.93 41.28 47.63 53.98 9.53 12.7 -
27 24 610 5.54 6.35 9.53 14.27 17.48 24.61 30.96 38.89 46.02 52.37 59.54 9.53 12.7 -
28 26 660 - 7.92 12.7 15.88 - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
29 28 711 - 7.92 12.7 - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
30 30 762 6.35 7.92 12.7 15.88 - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
31 32 813 - 7.92 12.7 15.88 17.48 - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
32 34 864 - 7.92 12.7 15.88 17.48 - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
33 36 914 - 7.92 12.7 15.88 19.05 - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
34 38 965 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
35 40 1016 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
36 42 1067 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
44 1118 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
46 1168 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
39 48 1219 - - - - - - - - - - - 9.53 12.7 -
Estimated detention time of a pump impulsion system
Center of gravity, final
The spreadsheet calculates the stop time of an impulsion system, position
from the time of the de-energization of the pump.

Center of gravity, initial


1. Initial System Energy
position
Kinetic energy:
L
  - Kinetic energy of rotation of the pump and motor
  - Linear kinetic energy of the water into the pipe
Potential energy
As a reference level of the potential energy of the water mass in
the pipe, it is considered the position of the center of gravity of a
the mass of water at the time of de-energization. Therefore, the
initial potential energy is zero

2. Final system energy


4. Energy lost by the system
kinetic energy
When the system reaches its detention, the kinetic energy During the detention time, the syste
of the system is zero by friction between the water and th
Sheet 4 shows that the instantaneo
3. Potential energy fluid and the pipe is a function of th
Between the time of de-energization and the final system detention, given time.
the center of gravity of the mass of water travels a space "DS".
The derivation assumes that the discharge pipe has a length "L", f
that the pump system elevation is "H" and that the route has a F r = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d⋅v 2
constant slope. The latter, in order to associate the vertical 8
displacement of the initial center of gravity of the water mass, to
the slope of the pipe.
gravity, final
For purposes of considering the friction force in this analysis,
one requires the average value of this force during the detention
time interval.
gravity, initial
DS Sheet 4 shows that the average value of this force is given by the
relationship
DZ
U⋅v 2i
H Fr ave=
3
Water volume of pipe
where "U" is a system constant

f
U= ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d
8
ergy lost by the system
1
g the detention time, the system loses energy as heat, F fricave = ⋅f ⋅π⋅d⋅ρ⋅L⋅v 2i ( N )
tion between the water and the pipe.
24
4 shows that the instantaneous friction force between the
nd the pipe is a function of the square of the velocity at the Energy conservation

The energy conservation equation is used to determine the


f detention time.
= ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d⋅v 2
8
L
Einitial =E final +Eheat loss
cjc, Rev.29.07.2016

riction force in this analysis,


this force during the detention

alue of this force is given by the

L⋅v 2i ( N )

n is used to determine the


Estimated detention time of an impulsion system
Volumetric water fow rate
It is considered the inertia of the pump, motor and Q= 40 m3/h
fluid and the friction between fluid and pipe. Water temperature
An ascending pipe with constant slope is assumed. t= 10 °C
Pipe material selected
The routine calculates the time interval "t", from the Material : Carbon steel
de-energization of the pump, until the system comes Case of carbon steel material(CS)
to rest. In the time interval "t" the water mass inside dn = 6 in
the pipe moves forward a length "DS", associated sch = 40
to a vertical displacement "DZ". Case of stainless material (SS)
dn = 10 in
Requirement. sch = 40S
It must be possible to assume that the pipe has a Absolute rugosity
constant upward slope. This with the aim of Rabs = 0.1 mm
associating the vertical displacement of the mass Pipe length
center of gravity to the pipe slope. L= 1000 m
Although the fluid will stop before the pump stops, Impulsion height
it is considered that both detentions occur at the H= 30 m
same time. Motor
h = 0.65 -
N= 1500 rpm

Pipe dimensions, case CS Water properties


di = Pipe_Imp_CS_Dint_dn_sch t= 10 °C
di = #VALUE! mm v = SaturatedWaterKinematicViscosity_t
n= #VALUE! m²/s
Pipe dimensions, case SS r = SaturatedWaterDensity_t
di = Pipe_Imp_SS_Dint_Dn_SCH r= #VALUE! kg/m3
di = #VALUE! mm
Relative rugosity
Pipe diemensions of selected Rrel = Rabs / di
material Rabs = 0.1 mm
di = #VALUE! m di = #VALUE! mm
Rrel = #VALUE! -
Area of pipe section
A= (pi()/4) * d^2 Reynolds
di = #VALUE! m Re = v*d/n
A= #VALUE! m² v= #VALUE! m/s
d= #VALUE! m
Water velocity n= #VALUE! m²/s
v= Q/A Re = #VALUE!
Q= 0.0111 m3/s
A= #VALUE! m² Friction factor
v= #VALUE! m/s f = Pipe_Friction_Factor_Rrel_Re
Rrel = #VALUE!
Re = #VALUE!
f= #VALUE!

Initial kinetic energy

Water volume Motor kinetic energy


V= A*L (See Annex B)
A= #VALUE! m² Ek_motor = (1/2) * Imotor * w^2 [J]
L= 1000 m Imotor = #VALUE! kg*m²
V= #VALUE! m 3
w= 157.1 rad/s
Ek_motor = #VALUE! J
Water mass
m= V* r Impeller kinetic energy
V= #VALUE! m3 (Seer Annex C)
r= #VALUE! kg/m3 Ek_imp = (1/2) * Iimp * w ^2 [J]
M= #VALUE! kg Iimp = #VALUE! kg*m²
w= 157.1 rad/s
Water kinetic energy Ek_imp = #VALUE! J
Ek_water = (1/2) * M * v^2
M= #VALUE! kg Water kinetic energy
v= #VALUE! m/s Ek_water = #VALUE! J
Ek_water = #VALUE! J
Total initial kinetic energy
Motor angular speed Ek|inicial = Ek_water + Ek_motor + Ek_imp
N= 1500 rpm Ek_water = #VALUE! J
N= 25 rps Ek_motor = #VALUE! J
w= 157.1 rad/s Ek_imp = #VALUE! J
Ek|inicial = #VALUE! J

Annex A. Motor power


Pressure losses
Velocity pressure DP = DPf + DPs
hv = (r/2) *v^2 DPf = #VALUE! Pa
r= #VALUE! kg/m³ DPs = #VALUE! Pa
v= #VALUE! m/s DP = #VALUE! Pa
hv = #VALUE! Pa
Motor power
Frictional pressure loss
DPf = f * (L/d) * hv TDH = DZ + DP
f= #VALUE! - DZ = 30 m
L= 1000 m DZ = 294,200 Pa
d= #VALUE! m DP = #VALUE! Pa
hv = #VALUE! Pa TDH = #VALUE! Pa
DPf = #VALUE! Pa
Pot = Q * TDH / h
Percentage singular loss Q= 0.011 m³/s
P%Ps = (DPs / DPf ) * 100 TDH = #VALUE! Pa
P%Ps = 2.0% h = 0.65 -
Pot = #VALUE! W
Singulasr pressure loss Pot = #VALUE! kW
DPs = DPf * P%Ps
DPf = #VALUE! Pa
P%Ps = 2.0%
DPs = #VALUE! Pa
Materials
Carbon steel pipes (Imp) Stainless steel (Imp) Carbon steel
dn Sch - dn Sch Stainless steel
in in -
1/2 5 0.125 5S
3/4 10 0.25 10S
1 20 0.375 40S
1 1/4 30 0.5 80S
1 1/2 40 0.75
2 60 1
2 1/2 80 1.25
3 100 1.5
3 1/2 120 2
4 140 2.5
5 160 3
6 STD 3.5
8 XS 4
10 XXS 5
12 6
14 8
16 10
18 12
20 14
22 16
24 18
26 20
28 22
30 24
32 30
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
cjc, Rev.29.07.2016
Page 1 of 4

Center of gravity, final


position

Center of gravity, initial


position DS
L DZ

H
Water volume of pipe
a

Page 2 of 4

Kinematic pressure Before start of calculations, a


hv = (r/2)*v^2 Pa value for the detention time has
to be assumed. Let
Average friction force in detention t = 2.6 s
time interval (See sheet 4)
Frave = #VALUE! N Displacement of the center
gravity (CG) of the water
Pipe angle during the detention time interval
sin(a) = H/L DS = vm * t
H= 30 m vm = #VALUE! m/s
L= 1000 m t = 2.6 s
sin(a) = 0.03 DS = #VALUE! m

Average velocity during detention Height increment of the center of


vm = (vi + vf)/2 gravity during the detention interval
vi = #VALUE! m/s DZ = sin(a) * DS
vf = 0 m/s sin(a) = 0.03
vm = #VALUE! m/s DS = #VALUE! m
DZ = #VALUE! m

Friction energy loss


Er = Frave * D S
Frave = #VALUE! N
DS = #VALUE! m
Er = #VALUE! J

Page 3 of 4

Final kinetic energy Energy balance


Ek|final = 0 J Ek|initial = Ep|final + Er

Initial potential energy


Ep|initial = 0 J Ek|inicial = #VALUE! J

Final potential energy Ep|final+Er = #VALUE! J


Ep|final = M * g * DZ
M= #VALUE! kg
DZ = #VALUE! m Dif = (Ep|final +Er) - Ek|inicial
Ep|final = #VALUE! J Dif = 0 indicates balanced equation
Dif = #VALUE! J
Friction energy loss
Er = #VALUE! J
#VALUE!

g= 9.80665 m/s²

Page 4 of 4
Annex B
Polar inercia moment of motor Ref [2]
Imotor = 118 * (P / N)^1,48
P= #VALUE! kW
N= 1500 rpm
Imotor = #VALUE! kg * m²

Anexo C
Polar inercia moment of impulsor Ref [2]
Iimp = 1,5 * 10^7 * (P / N^3)^0,9556
P= #VALUE! kW
N= 1500 rpm
Iimpp = #VALUE! kg * m²
Calculation of the detention time of a water supply system
for the case of a pump power failure

Water flow rate Q= 40 m3/h


Pipe material Material : CS -
Pipe nominal diameter dn = 6 in
Schedule or Nominal pressure SCHorPN = 40 -
Pipe absolute rugosity Rabs = 0.1 mm
Pipe length L= 1000 m
Height between pump suction and discharge H= 30 m
Water temperature t= 10 °C
Pump efficiency h = 65 %
Pump speed N= 1500 rpm

Calculated detention time tdetention = #VALUE! s

Function used
tdetention = Detention_time_Qm3h_mat_dnInch_SCHorPN_RABSmm_Lm_HRESm_tempC_ETAmotorPctge_N

Note
Although the fluid will stop before the pump stops, it is considered that both detentions occur at the same time.
mpC_ETAmotorPctge_NmotorRPM(Qm3h, mat, dnInch, SCHorPN, RABSmm, Lm, HRESm, tempC, ETAmotorPctge, NmotorRPM)
Rev. 30.05.2014
Page 1 of 1

ETAmotorPctge, NmotorRPM)
Average friction force between fluid and pipe, during the detention time

The pressure difference between the ends of the pipe in normal Thus, the friction force at any
operation is the pump pressure "DP". During the detention time, instant is proportional to the
this pressure decreases until a value of zero when the system square of the velocity.
stops. (U is a system constant)
At all times the Darcy-Weibach relationship is valid
and the friction factor used is the average value Fr = U * v²
with
L ρ Defining the constant U= (f/8) * L * r * p
ΔP=f⋅ ⋅ ⋅v 2 f
f= #VALUE!
d 2 U = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d L= 1000
8
The friction force on the pipe walls is r= #VALUE!
overcome by the pressure applied to the friction force becomes d= #VALUE!
the pipe. Thus 2 U= #VALUE!
F r =U⋅v
f
F r =ΔP⋅A U = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d
8
The average value of the friction
L ρ force in the detention time interval
ΔP=f⋅ ⋅ ⋅v 2 depends on the initial velocity "v
d 2
and on the final velocity "v
L ρ
F r =f⋅ ⋅ ⋅v 2⋅A
d 2 Frave = U * vi^2 / 3
2
L ρ π⋅d 2 U= #VALUE!
F r =f⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅v
d 2 4 vi = 0.60
f Frave = #VALUE!
F r = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d⋅v 2
8

Fr = U * v²
U= #VALUE! kg/m Figure 1.
Integration of the friction force in the range of speeds
initial velocity - final velocity.
Initial velocity In the box, the height represents the mean value of the
vi = #VALUE! m/s Frmed friction force
Final velocity
Fricti on force (N )

vf = 0 m/s
vf
2
v Fr Fr ave⋅( v f −v i ) =∫v U⋅v ⋅dv
i
12
m/s N
0.60 #VALUE!
10
0.55 #VALUE!
0.50 #VALUE! Frave
8
0.45 #VALUE!
0.40 #VALUE!
6

2
10

6
0.35 #VALUE!
0.30 #VALUE! 4
0.25 #VALUE!
0.20 #VALUE! 2
0.15 #VALUE!
0.10 #VALUE! 0
0.05 #VALUE! 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30
Flow velocity 0.40
v (m/s) 0.50 0.60
0.00 #VALUE!
riction force at any The value of this average force is obtained
roportional to the by integration of the "Fr" expresion, in the
he velocity. velocity interval
tem constant)
Average value of the friction with
force f
U = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d
vf 8
(f/8) * L * r * p *d Fr ave⋅( v f −v i ) =∫v U⋅v 2⋅dv U⋅v 2i
- i f
Fr ave = ⋅L⋅ρ⋅π⋅d⋅
m U v3 vf 8 3
Fr ave= ⋅ | 1
kg/m3
m
v f −v i 3 vi Fr ave = ⋅f⋅π⋅d⋅ρ⋅L⋅v 2i
24
kg/m U v3 0 Fr ave : average value of the
Fr ave= ⋅ |
ge value of the friction 0−v i 3 vi friction force during the
e detention time interval 3 detention time interval [ N ]
U 0 vi
n the initial velocity "vi"
Fr ave=− ⋅ −
vi 3 3
3
[ ] f: average value of the
friction coefficient [−]
U vi d: pipe interior diameter [ m ]
U * vi^2 / 3
Fr ave= ⋅ ρ : water density [ kg/m3 ]
kg/m vi 3
m/s L: pipe lenght [ m]
N U⋅v2i v i : initial velocity of the water
Fr ave=
3
Microsoft Editor de
ecuaciones 3.0 [ m/s ]
0.40
v (m/s) 0.50 0.60 0.70
cjc, Rev.29.07.2016
Page 1 of 2

U⋅v 2i
d⋅
3
⋅ρ⋅L⋅v 2i
alue of the
ring the
erval [ N ]
of the
nt [−]
ameter [ m ]
[ kg/m3 ]
m]
y of the water
Microsoft Editor de
ecuaciones 3.0

Page 2 of 2
[2]

Ipump =

Imotor =
1,5 * 10^7 * (P / N^3)^0,9556 kg*m²

118 * (P / N)^1,48 kg *m²


[1] NEMA Standards Publication MG 1-1998
(Revision 3, 2002) Interfiled
Motors and Generators
Published by

[2]

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