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theme: design strategies informed by Structural Considerations

Two components in smart structural geometry

-optimising local structural typology of high rise

P.Th. (Peter) Vermeij Delft University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Building Engineering Structural Design Lab Master student vermeij@gmail.com

intents and future work Last October, I finished my Master’s thesis project on

images of Master’s thesis project: Parametric Associative Design for Free Form Architecture
images of Master’s thesis project:
Parametric Associative Design
for Free Form Architecture

researching and developing parametric associative design methods for free formed structures. Next to the business study I started in September at the Erasmus University,

I

structural design, my interest lies in designing structures for special (free formed) projects and innovative design approaches. With these new design approaches, the com- puter should help the structural engineer to obtain more insight in the complex behavior of the special structures and should offer the design team more design freedom in the end of the design process.

want to be active in the world of structural design. In

application

Within the domain of structural design, ‘material’, ‘force’, and ‘geometry’ are the main constituents, each contributing with their own flied of science. Ruled by laws of physics, together these constitutes determine how a structure receives a load, and by which structural mechanism the internal configuration of material transfers this load until it is discharged [Veltkamp, 2005]. Geometry in free formed structures is present at many different levels of magnitude throughout the structure, varying from overall (free form) geometry to geometry of the structural details. The two most defining components of geometry in a structure are the global structural geometry and the structural topology within this structure. By defining both components parametrically, associated with

a free form shape, and driven by structural optimisation based on a artificial intelligence technique an optimised structure can be designed. For the workshop, a tall builiding with diagrid structure will be designed and optimised.

optimising local structural topology of high rise After having defined the global structural shape of a high-rise building [see application R.J. van de Straat], the shape of the building is to be translated into a structure. By parametrically defining the local structural topology of a diagrid structure for a high rise building, the main load bearing structure is implicitly defined. The configuration of the values of the structural parameters of the diagrid, to a large extent, defines the efficiency of the total structure. For the optimisation of the parameters of the diagrid component, not an extensive 3D model of the total geometry will be used to analyse the structural performance. The ambition for the workshop is to develop a smart and unambiguous engineers approach toward the assessment of the efficiency of the diagrid structure. This approach will provide the engineer with a good indication of the feasibility of the diagrid structrure, based on the geometrical parameters of the diagrid structure.

integration of two geometrical components Another goal for the workshop is the integration of the global structural geometry and the structural topology within this structure. To achieve this, close collaboration with other participants is required.

close collaboration with other participants is required. experience in computational design and previous workshops o

experience in computational design and previous workshops

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Digital Design & Fabrication - A. Kilian and S. Greenwold [Delft, March 2006]

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GenerativeComponents Summit [Prague, June 2006]

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First International Colloquium of Free Form Design [Delft, September 2006]

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Master’s thesis ‘Parametric Associative Design for Free Form Architecture’ [October 2006], see images above