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MEKELLE UNIVERSITY

ETHIOPIAN INSTITUE OF TECHNOLOGY_MEKELLE

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

ENGINEERING MECHANICS II (DYNAMICS)-ASSIGNMENT 1

1. From approximately what floor of a building must a car be droped from rest position so that it
reaches a speed of 80.7m/s when it hits the ground? Each floor is 12m higher than the one
below it.
2. The acceletration of a particle along a straight line is defined by a=(2t-9)m/s2, where t is in
seconds. At t=0, s=1m and v=10m/s. When t=9sec, determine
a) the particles position
b) the total distance travelled
c) the velocity
3. Particles A and B are travelling around a circular truck at a speed of 8m/s at the instant shown.
If the speed of B is increased by 4m/s2 and at the same instant A has an increase in speed of
0.8tm/s2. Determine
a) how long it takes for a collision to occur
b) What is the magnitude of the acceleration of each particle just before the collision occurs?

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4. When the effect of aerodynamic drag is included, the y-acceleration of a baseball moving
vertically upward is , while the acceleration when the ball is moving
downward is ,where k is a positive constant and v is the speed in m/s. If the
ball is thrown upward at 100m/s from essentially ground level, compute its maximum height h
and its speed upon impact with the ground. Take k to be 0.002m-1 and assume that g is
constant.

5. For the instant represented, car A has an acceleration in the direction of its motion, and car B
has a speed of 45km/hr which is increasing. If the acceleration of B as observed from A is
zero for this instant, determine the acceleration of A and the rate at which the speed B is
changing.

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6. The particle P moves along the curved slot. A portion of which shown. Its distance in meters
measured along the slot is given by s=t2/4, where t is in seconds. The particle is at A when t=2s
and at B when t=2.2s. determine
a) The magnitudes of the average acceleration of P between A and B
b) Express the acceleration as a vector using unit vectors i and j

7. For a certain interval of motion the pin A is forced to move in the fixed parabolic slot by the
horizontal slotted arm which is elevated in the y-direction at the constant rate of 3m/sec. All
measurements are in meters and seconds. Calculate the velocity and acceleration of pin A
when x=6m.

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8. Electrons are emitted at A with a velocity u at an angle  in to the space between two charged
plates. The electric field between the plates is in the direction of E and repels the electrons
approaching the upper plates. The field produces an acceleration of the electrons in the E
direction eE/m, where e is the electron charge and m is its mass. Determine the field strength
E which will permit the electrons to cross one half of the gap between the plates also find the
distance s.

9. Car A travels at a constant speed of 65km/hr. When in the position shown at t=0, car B has a
speed of 25km/hr and accelerates at constant rate of along its path until it reaches a
speed of 65km/hr, after which it travels at that constant speed. What is the steady-state
position of car A with respect to B?

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10. At certain instant after jumping from the airplane A, a skydiver B is in the position shown
and has reached a terminal(constant) speed VB=50m/s. The airplane has the same constant
speed VA=50m/s, and after a period of level flight, it begins to follow the circular path shown
of radius ρA=2000m.
(a) Determine the acceleration and velocity of the airplane relative to the skydiver
(b) Determine the time rate of change of the speed Vr of the airplane and the radius of
curvature ρr of its path, both as observed by the non rotating skydiver.

11. A rocket travelling above the atmosphere trajectory and the rate at which v is
at an altitude of 500km would have a changing with time.
freefall acceleration g=8.43m/s2 in the
absence of forces other than gravitational
acceleration component. Because of
thrust, however, the rocket has an
additional acceleration component a1 of
8.8m/s2 tangent to its trajectory, which
makes an angle of 300 with the vertical at
the instant considered. If the velocity v of
the rocket is 30 000km/hr at this position
compute the radius of curvature ρ of the

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12. The arm of the robot has a fixed length so that r= 3m and its grip A moves along the path
Z= (3sin 4θ) m, where θ is in radians. If θ= (0.5t) rad, where t is in seconds, determine the
magnitudes of the grips velocity and acceleration when t= 3sec

13. The small block P starts from rest at time t=0 at point A and moves up the incline with a
constant acceleration a, determine and  as a function of time.

14. If load B has a downward velocity VB, determine the upward component(VA)y of the velocity
of A in terms of b , the boom length l, and the angle θ. Assume that the cable supporting A
remains vertical.

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15. If the end of the cable at A is pulled down with a speed of 2m/s, determine the speed at which
block E rises.