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Mock Test Paper – I


Mathematics
Class X

om Solution
Section A
1.

.r c
17 has none of the 2, 3, 5 as its factors so given rational no. is in simplest form Also
90 = 2 × 32 × 5  2m ×5n.

2.

17
90

ou
is a non-terminating repeating.

The graph intersects the x-axis at one point the number of zero is one.
3.

gH
3x + y – 1 = 0
2(3x + y – 1) = 0
... (1)
… (2)


a1
a2
b

in c
 1  1
b2 c2

rn
The pair of linear equation is consistent with infinite solutions.

4.

a
Put x  3 in the equation

e
( 3) 2  3 3  3  6  0

.L
3 – 9 + 6  0  0 = 0, which is true

w
 x  3 is soln of the equation.

w
5. tan  = 1, AB2 = AC2 + BC2  AB = 2

w
1
sin = , cos =
2 2

1 1
 2sin  cos = 2    1 ; proved.
2 2

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6. A

m
cm

o
5 .6

B
.r c
3.2 cm C

u
6 cm

BD AB o
In  ABC, AD is the bisector of A

3.2 5.6
 
DC AC

gH 
6  3.2 AC

2.8  5.6
 AC

in 3.2
 POQ + PTQ = 180°
 4.9 cm

n
7.

8.

ar
 PTQ = 180° – 110° = 70°  x =70°
2r – 2r = 105 2r (– 1) = 105

e
 2r 
22  105  7

.L
 1  105  r   24.5 cm
 7  2  15

9. P (E) + P ( not E ) = 1

w
= P(E) = 1 – P (not E) = 1 
1 5
 a 
5

w
6 6 6

x 10   xi 10  5  50

w
10.

new x 
x i
  xi  50  3  5  35
5

3 5
new x  7
5
2
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Solution B
(coefficient of x )
11. Sum of zeros =
(coefficient of x 2 )
c  ab

om 1
 c  ab

 (constant term)

.r c
Product of zeroes =
coeff .of x 2
 abc
=  – abc

ou 3x  8
1
Or

H
2x  5 6 x2  31x  47

g
 6 x2 15x
– +

in 16x  47
16x  40

rn + –
7  Quotient = 3x – 8 Remainder = 7
12.

a
sin 5 A = cos 4A

e
sin 5A = sin (90° – 4A)

.L
5 A = 90 – 4 A

90
5 A + 4A = 90  A = = 10°

13.
w
In  ABP and  AQD, we have,
9

w
BAQ = AQD (alt S)

w
B = D
ABP ~  QDA (AA ~ Rule)

AB BP
  AB × AD = BP × DQ
DQ AD

Hence AB × BC = BP × DQ = [ AD = BC]

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14. Let r be the radius of circle


area of circle = r2

Area of semicircle =

om  r2
2

.r c
2 2
 r  45  r
Area of sector ROQ = 
360 8

u
 r 2  r 2 3 r 2
 Area of sector POR   
2 8 8

o
 P(E) of the spinner to land in region II =
3 r 2 / 8 3
=

15. AB = BC

gH r2 8

n
2 2 2 2
 1  6   3  1   K  1  8  3 

ni
 25  16  = K 2  2 K  1  25



ar
41 = K2 – 2K + 26
K2 –2K – 15 = 0


e(K – 5) (K + 3) = 0


.L K = 5 or – 3

w
Section C
16. Let the length of altitude be xcm

w
length of hypotenuse = 2x + 1
length of base = 2x + 1 –2 = 2x – 1

w
Using pythogoras thm, we get
x2 + (2x –1)2 = (2x + 1)2
 x2 – 8x = 0
 x(x – 8) = 0  0 or x = 8
rejecting x = 0
length of sides of  are 8 cm, 17cm and 15 cm.

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Or

 a 2  b2 
17. x² + bx –    0
 4

om

a2  b2

.r c
b
 
 x² + 2 2 x =
  4

2 2

u
b b a2  b2  b 
x + 2  2x +
2   = +  
  2 4 2

o
a2
2

H
 b
  x   =
 2 4

 x
ngb a
=

ni 2 2

b a
 x

r

2 2

 x

ea b  a b  a
2
,
2

18.
.L
tn = 5 – 6 n

w
t1 = 5 – 6×1 = –1

w
 a = –1 and l = 5 – 6n
 Sum of n terms,

w
Sn 
n
2
a  l  n  1  5  6n 
2

n
 4  6n  n 2  3n
2

5
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19. Let a be any positive integer of the form 5q + 1


a = 5q + 1 a2 = (5q + 1)2

m
 a2 = 25q2 + 10q + 1

o
.r c
= 5 (5q2 + 2q) + 1
=5m+1
where m = 5q2 + 2q

20.
Hence proved.
To prove;
ou
cos A

gH
sin A
1  tanA 1  cotA
 sinA  cosA

n
L.H.S,

ni
cos A

sin A
1  sinA/cosA 1  cotA/sinA

ar
cos 2 A

sin 2 A
cosA–sinA sinA–cosA

e
.L
cos 2 A sin 2 A cosA  sinA cosA  sinA 
= cosA–sinA cosA–sinA 

cosA  sinA 

w
= cos A + sin A = RHS
Hence proved.

w Or

w 3cos 55 

3cos 55

4  cos70  cosec 90   70  
7sin 90   55   7  tan5  tan85   tan25  tan65   tan45 

4 cos70 sec70
= 
7 cos55 7 tan5 tan 90 –5  tan 25 tan 90  25  1

6
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3 4
 
7 7  tan 5 cot 5 tan 25 cot 25 

=
3 4 3  4 1
 
7 7 7

7

om
.r c
21. Solution for Q. 21 to be done by students.
22. Let A (4,6) , B (0, 4) andC(6,2) be the vertices of the triangle ABC.

ou
Let P(x, y) be the circumcentre of ABC.
Then, PA= PB = PC
 PA² = PB² = PC²

gH
Now, PA² = PB²
 (x – 4)2 + (y – 6)2 = (x – 0)2 + (y – 4)2

in
 2x + y = 9
Also PB2 = PC2
… (i)

rn
 (x – 0)2 + (y – 4)2 = (x – 6)2 + (y – 2)2

a
 12x – 4y = 24  3x – y = 6 … (ii)
Adding (i) & (ii), we get

e 5x = 15  x = 3

 .L y = 9 – 2x (from i)
y=9–6=3


w x = 3, y = 3

w
23. The coordinates of any point on y-axis are of type (O, y). Let point be P(O, y) Let A and B denote given
points (–5, –2) and (3, 2) respectively

w
 AP = BP


2 2
0  5    y  2  
2 2
0  3    y  2 

 25  y 2  4  4 y  9  y 2  4  4 y

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 16   8 y

 y  2

m
 The coordinates are (0, –2)

o
.r c
24. A Since the tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length
 BP = BQ … (i)

B P C CP = CR … (ii)

ou R
and AQ = AR … (iii)

gH
=
in
Now, perimeter of ABC
AB + BC + AC
=
=
rn
AB + (BP + PC ) + AC
AB + BQ + AC + CR (from (i) & (ii))
=
=
ea AQ + AR
2 AQ [ AQ = AR]

.L Or

w
In ABC, B=90°

 CA2 = AB2 + BC2 [by pythagoras theorem]

w (Now AD2 = AB2 + BC2 + CA2 – given)

w
= CA2 + CD2 [ CA = CD]

Now , in ACD, we have

AD2 = CA2 + CD

 ACD = 90°

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25. Area of region ABCD = area of sector AOC – area of sector BOD

 40 22 40 22 

m
=   14  14    7  7  cm 2
 360 7 360 7 

=
22
9

.r co
(28.7)cm2 =
154
3
cm²

Or

ou
Area of field 
Total cost of ploughing
Rate per m 2

gH =
 5775  2
 1.5 
 m  3850 m²

Let r be the radius of field, area of circle = r2

in
 r2 = 3850  r  3850
7
= 35  35  35

n
22

ar
Circumference of field = r = 2 
22
7
 35 = 220 m

e
Cost of fencing the field = 220 
17
 Rs.1870

.L
2

Section D
26.

w
If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle intersecting the other two sides then it divides the two
sides in the same ratio.

w
A
Given : A  ABC in which DE | | BC and intersects AB in D and AC in E
F G

w
AD AE
To prove : 
D E DB EC

B C

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Construction : Join BE, CD and draw EF  BA and DG  CA.


Proof : Since EF  AG.EF the height of s ADE and DBE.

Now, Area (ADE)=

om 1
2
(AD.EF)

.r c
1
Area ( DBE) = DB . EF
2
Area  ADE  ½ AD.EF  AD
  

u
Area  DBE  ½ DB.EF  DB … (i)

o
Similarly
Area  ADE  AE

H
Area  DEC  EC … (ii)

g
But DBE and  DEC are on the same base and between the same parallel DE and BC.
ar (DBE) = ar (DEC) … (iii)

in
from (i), (ii) and (iii)

ar ADE  ar ADE 

n
ar DEC 

r

ar  DBE 

ea AE AD
=
EC DB

.L
Now, LM | | AB in ABC

AL BM
=
LC MC

w AL

BM

w

AC  AL BC  BM
x3 x2

w 



2 x  ( x  3) (2 x  3)  ( x  2)

(x  3) ( x  5)  (x  2)( x  3)
 x ²  2 x  15  x ²  x  6
 x=9

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27. For the upper portion of the shuttle cock


r1 = 1 cm, r2 = 5/2 cm, h = (7 – 1) cm = 6

om
l  h2  r2  r1   36  2.25 cm = 38.25 cm 6.2(approx)

.r c
C.S.A. of frustum part = l (r1 + r2) =  × 6.2 ×(2.5 + 1) cm² = 21.7  cm²
C.S.A of hemisphere part with radius 1cm

u
= 2 r12 = 2 (1)2 = 2 cm²

o
Total S.A. = (21.7+2) cm²

22

H
= 23.7   74.49 cm²  74.5 cm²
7

ng Or

i
7
Inner radius of the glass (r) = cm Height (h) = 12 cm
2

n
Apparent capacity of the glass = r2h

r
a
22 7 7
   12  462 cm³

e
7 2 2
volume of inverted hemispherical bottom

.L =
2
3
2 22 7 7 7 539
r³ = 
3 7
   
2 2 2 6
cm³

w
 Actual capacity of glass

w = 462 
539 2233
6

6
1
cm³  372 cm³
6
28.

w
Let the original no. of student in room Aand room B be x and y resp.
5 students shifted from : x – 5 = y + 5
A to B
5 students are shifted : x + 5 = 2(y – 5)
from B to A

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 The pair of linear equation is


x  y  10 … (i)
x  2 y  15 … (ii)

x
y
10
0
5
–5

om x
y
5
10
–5
5

.r c
From the graph (to be drawn) we see that the lines intersect at P (35, 25)

 No. of students in room A = 35

29.
u
No. of students in room B = 25

o
Let B be the window of a house AB and let CD be the other house. Then AB = h m
Let CD = H metres, CE = AB = h m
D

H
ED = (H – h) m

g
From rt BED

(H-h)m
BE BE
ED

in
 cot  
(H  h)
 cot 

n
 BE = cot  (H – h) … (i) 

r
E Hm
In rt d  BEC 

ea
tan  =
CE
BE
 BE  h cot  … (ii) hm

.L
From (i) and (ii) 
(H – h) cot  = h cot 

w
(cot   cot )
H = h  h(1 + tan  cot )
cot 

30.
w Class Frequency Med pt. ni f in i

w
0-20 17 10 170
20-40 f1 30 30f1
40-60 32 50 1600
60-80 f2 70 70f2
80-100 19 90 1710
Total 120

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f i 17  f1  32  f 2  19  120
 68 + f1 + f2 = 120
 f1 + f2 = 120 – 68

om f1 + f2 = 52

.r c
 f x  17  30 f
i i 1  1600  70 f 2  1710 = 3480 + 30f1 + 70f2

3480  30 f1  70 f 2
Mean =  50
120

ou
 30 f1 + 70 f2 = 2520
By solving (i) and (ii) we get
…(ii)

f1 =
112
4

gH
 28

f2 = 52 – 28 = 24

in
The classes are discontinuous form New Class Intervals.
Or

rn
Height (in cm)
159.5-162.5
No. of student
15

ea
162.5-165.5
165.5-168.5
118
142

.L
168.5-171.5 127
171.5-174.5 18
1 = 165.5, h = 3, f1 = 142, fo = 118 f2 = 127

w  f1  f o 

w
Mo = l +    h
2 f
 1 0  f  f 2 

w = 165.5 + 
 142  118 
  3 = 165.5 +
 2  142  118  127 

24
 165.5  1.85 = 167.35.
24
39
3

= 165.5 +
13
........End of Solution........

13
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