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1 B.A (Hons.) Ist Year Paper I: Colonialism and Nationalism in India Course Obje
ctive: The purpose of this course is to help the students understand India’s colon
ial past, the shaping of the nationalist ideology and the unfolding of the natio
nal movement.Integral to the course is the understanding that ideas of democracy
and freedom and corresponding social relations and political and institutional
practices took shape in the context of the anti-colonial struggles.The instituti
ons of the state, its policies, and the social and economic structures that obta
in today, reflect the imprint of the colonial experience and the manner in which
they have been transformed in the course of social struggles and the national m
ovement. 1. Conceptual Explorations (a) Explaining imperialism, colonialism and
nationalism (b) Approaches to the study of colonialism and nationalism in India:
colonial, nationalist, Marxist and subaltern interpretations 2. The Early phase
of colonialism and its impact (a)Political: expansion and consolidation of Brit
ish power, ideological justification of colonial rule – ‘civilizing mission’ (b)Econom
y: Agriculture and land relations, decline of traditional industry and patterns
of trade (c)Society: English education and Middle class (d)Ideas: debates on Ind
ian Renaissance 3. The 1857 Rebellion and the making of the modern Colonial Stat
e (a) 1857 Rebellion: The social base, consequences (b) Knowing the colonial sub
jects: issues of race, caste and religion, enumeration through census (c) Politi
cs of Representation: Constitutional Developments (1858-1935) 4. Nationalist Pol
itics and Expansion of the Social Base (a) Phases of Nationalist Movement and di
fferent ideological streams: early revolutionaries and partition of Bengal, mode
rates and extremists within Congress and revolutionary radicals (b) Economic Nat
ionalism ; culture, community and identity (c) Gandhi and mass mobilisation: ide
as, symbols and techniques; Khilafat, Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience

2 (d) Socialist alternatives: revolutionary extremists, Congress socialists, Com


munists (e) Solidifications of religious Boundaries, the growth of Communalism a
nd the politics of ‘Hindu’ and ‘Muslim’ mobilization 5. Social Movements (a) The Women’s Q
uestion: Issues of social reforms, franchise and participation in the national m
ovement and its impact (b) The Caste Question: anti-Brahmin movements, Phule and
Ambedkar on eradication of caste system (c)Peasant,Tribals andWorkers movements
6. Decolonisation and the Nationalist legacies (a) The immediate context of Dec
olonisation:World War II, Quit India movement, Royal Indian Naval Revolt (RIN),
Indian National Army (INA) struggles (b) Partition and Independence: The two Nat
ion theory and Partition, Independence and birth of India and Pakistan (c) Natio
nalist legacies: The Motilal Nehru Committee Report and the legacy of rights, co
nstitutionalism and democracy, idea ofswaraj, secularism and socialism Readings
1. Conceptual Explorations (a) Explaining imperialism, colonialism and nationali
sm (b) Approaches to the study of colonialism and nationalism in India: colonial
, nationalist, Marxist and subaltern interpretations Readings: Alter, Peter,Nati
onalism, Edward Arnold,first published 1989, Second edition,1994, [Ch.1 What is
Nationalism?, pp.1-15] photocopy available. Chandra, Bipan, Essays on Colonialis
m, Orient Longman Ltd., Hyderabad, 1999. [Chapter1: Colonialism: Some Basic Aspe
cts, pp.1-22]. Thapar, Romila, ‘Interpretations of Colonial History: Colonial, Nat
ionalist, Post-colonial’ in Peter Ronald deSouza ed. Contemporary India: Transitio
ns, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2000, pp.25-36. Islam, Shamsul, ‘The Origins of
Indian Nationalism’ in Religious Dimensions of Indian Nationalism, Media House, De
lhi, 2004, pp. 71-103.
3 Islam, Shamsul, ‘Rashtravaad: Ek Siddhanthik Preepreksh’ in Bharat maen algaovaad
aur dharm, Vani, Delhi, 2006, pp. 33-51. Dipesh Chakrabarty, ‘A Small History of S
ubaltern Studies’, in Chakrabrty, Dipesh, Habitations of Modernity : Essays in the
Wake of Subaltern Studies (Permanent Black 2002) pp. 3-19. 2. The Early phase o
f colonialism and its impact (a)Political: expansion and consolidation of Britis
h power, ideological justification of colonial rule – ‘civilizing mission’ (b)Economy:
Agriculture and land relations, decline of traditional industry and patterns of
trade (c)Society: English education and Middle class (d)Ideas: debates on India
n Renaissance Readings: i. Chandra, Bipan, Essays on Colonialism, Orient Longman
Ltd., Hyderabad, 1999, [Chapter 4: The Colonial Legacy: The Case of India, pp.7
9-114] 3. The 1857 Rebellion and the making of the modern Colonial State (a) 185
7 Rebellion: The social base, consequences (b) Knowing the colonial subjects: is
sues of race, caste and religion, enumeration through census (c) Politics of Rep
resentation: Constitutional Developments (1858-1935) Readings: Bandyopadhyay, Se
khar, Eighteen Fifty Seven and it Many Histories; in 1857: Essays from Economic
and Political Weekly, Delhi: Orient Longman, 2008, pp.1-22. Habib, Irfan, ‘Underst
anding 1857’ in Sabyasachi Bhattacharya (ed.), Rethinking 1857, Delhi: Orient Long
man, 2007, pp.58-66. Robb, Peter, ‘On the Rebellion of 1857: A Brief History of an
Idea’ in 1857: Essays from Economic and Political Weekly, Delhi, Orient Longman,
2008, pp.59-79. Bernard S Cohn,An Anthropologist Among Historians and Other Essa
ys (Oxford, 1987), ch. 7.: “Notes on the History of the Study of Indian Society an
d Culture;, pp. 136-721, and Ch. 10. ‘The Census, Social Structure and Objectifica
tion in South Asia’, pp.224-254.

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