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Executive Summary: Dhaka University is facing an acute residential crisis due to

inadequate spaces in residential halls and hostels, according to the last annual report of the
University Grants Commission. Nearly 58 per cent of Dhaka University’s students are not
allocated a room in the residential halls. As a result, the students live in a poor condition which
hampers their academic activities. At present there are 17 residential halls, 3 dormitories and 2
hostels in DU to cater for more than 35,000 students. 17, 000 students are forced to find rooms
outside the campus. Broad Objective of the Study is to pasteurize the DU students’ acute
residential crisis. Specific objectives are: identifying the variables to stimulate this problem,
deprivation of facilities by halls living students and the satisfaction levels of students living in
halls. The survey will be conducted on the basis of independent variables on which the Student’s
perception based. Research is qualitative in nature. Both primary and secondary data will be

Key Words: University of Dhaka, satisfaction, students, accommodation problems, politics,


Statement of the Problem: “DU students grapple with acute residential problem.
Purpose of the Study: The study will be conducted with the following objectives:
Broad Objective:

 To find out what is the present condition and problem of residential halls in Dhaka

Specific Objectives:

 To evaluate the current residential facility of Dhaka university.

 To find out students level of satisfaction who are living at hall.

 To suggest some strategies and recommendation to overcome these problems.

Significance of the study: In this research we will try to find out what are the causes of this
problem. What the university role to lessen this problem. What are the consequences of this
residential problem? What are the effects of this problem over students mind? How students see
this problem. In this research will give a clear idea what are the conditions of canteens in the
university halls. What are the food qualities? This research will find out some suggestion to
overcome from this problem. What are the reasons behind it? This research will suggest us some
overall problem of residential hall and how to overcome this problem.

Literature Reviews: Residing in students’ housing, faraway from family for a long period of
time, is an enduring experience for young students. This new life style provides an opportunity to
learn how to live independently, compromise with other students and roommates, share space
and facilities and so forth. The influence of the environment and accommodation on the
satisfaction level of university students has been a popular area of study and of compelling
interest to universities. In relation to this, such studies indicate that good hostel condition and
facilities in university campuses have a positive influence on the overall student enrollment
(Bekurs, 2007)

Among the studies that investigate the influence of physical attributes of campus accommodation
on students’ satisfaction is Kayas’ and Erkip’s research (2001) on student housing setting at
Bilkent University, Ankara.The study reveals that students living on the highest floor perceived
their rooms larger and found them less crowded in comparison to those on the lowest floor.
Privacy, feeling of crowding and control over space have also been the focus in a variety of
studies in student housing as an important predicting factor of satisfaction (such as Walden et.
al., 1981, Vinsel et al., 1980).

The study found that female and male responses were significantly different in the way they
perceived their residence hall environment: generally female students were more satisfied than
male students with their residence hall environment. However, there were no significant
differences in responses between students of different nationalities. Along similar lines, Allen
and Maimone’s (1989) study among 855 students concluded that the year of study was important
in terms of both perceptions of, and satisfaction with, the residence experience. Specifically, first
year students rated themselves as feeling “less involved” and “less a part Published by Canadian
Center of Science and Education Asian Culture and History of the community” than did their
upper-year counterparts.” (Cited in Rodger and Johnson, 2005:88, 89) In another related study,
Li et al. (2007) examined the relationship between students' overall satisfaction with their
residence hall living experience in terms of university hostel facilities and students' satisfaction
with various custodial, maintenance, and services. Findings of this study indicate that
“interpersonal environment was more important than cleanliness and maintenance variables in
predicting students' satisfaction with their residence experiences” (p.50). There has been a vast
array of studies that investigated the effects of on-campus accommodation on students.

The studies conclude that campus accommodation generally provides a positive impact on its
residents. Among the positive effects are: more engagement with the academic environment
(Astin 1973, 1993), higher rates of graduation (Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991; Tinto, 1993;
Chickering 1974 ), greater satisfaction with college experiences (Blimling, 1993), a greater
perception of personal growth (Schroeder & Mable, 1994), better social interaction (Ballou,
Reavill, & Schultz, 1995), higher educational aspirations and better academic performance
(Moos and Lee 1979).

Research question and hypothesis:

Research Questions:

Question 1:

Do the political problems impact the residential problem at hall?

Question 2:

Does the lack of reading room facilities have impact in the residential problem?

Question 3:

Does the overpopulation have impact on the residential problem at hall?

Question 4:

Do lower canteen facilities have impact on the residential problem?


H0: There is no residential problem at halls at Dhaka University.

H1: Politics severely impacts residential problem.

H2: Lack of reading room facility causes severe problem.

H3: Overpopulation or accommodation problem is also severe here.

H4: Canteen and dining facilities are not enough here.

Research design and Methodology: The research will be quantitative in nature. To get
insights about the variables related to it, some sort of qualitative or exploratory research has been
done. To conduct the conclusive research data will be collected through the survey from the
students residing in the halls of Dhaka University. After collecting data some quantitative
techniques such as regression analysis, ANOVA, ANCOVA will be done to measure the
relationship among the variables.

Measurement and scaling: In this case, the nature of the data will be metric in nature. To
conduct survey for data collection five-point Likert scale will be used.

Instrument and Forms: Questionnaire will be used to indicate the degree of agreement or
disagreement with each of the research questions. The questionnaire is constructed based on five
points Likert scale.

Sampling: In this research target population will be the students who are living at hall and
depriving from core facilities. Our sample size will be 30 respondents who are living at different
halls. Basically we will select respondents who are living at Jagannath Hall, Muktijoddha Ziaur
Rahman Hall, Kabi Jasimuddin Hall, Begum Fazilatunnessa Mujib Hall, Ruqayyah Hall as
representative halls. In this project we will use probability sampling more specifically “Simple
Random Sampling Method”.

Data collection: A detail questionnaire will formulate for collecting data. The questionnaire is
distributed among randomly chosen respondent. Majority of the study is based on primary data.
However some secondary data source is used for background study. Secondary data will collect
from books, published documents, survey reports, internet and journals.

Data Analysis: The analysis is done with quantitative procedure. SPSS is used as the software
for quantitative analysis.

Limitations of the study: some of the factors included in this framework have presumably
received relatively more research attention than others as indicated by the number of papers
found to deal with these particular elements. It will be premature to draw any conclusions as to
the importance of each of these elements or to relate them directly to any steps of the buying
process on the basis of this study. It is also possible that factors not included in the classification
can be important elements of the residential problem of Dhaka University
Time Schedule:


First 10 days Go through the articles

Questionnaire Design,
SCHEDULE hypothesis development,
Second 10 days research methodology

FOR THE and broad research


Collecting data for survey
Third 5 days
H purposes

Finally 5 days Writing the research


AlKandari, N. (2007). Students' perceptions of the residence hall living environment at Kuwait
University. College Student Journal, 41(2), 327-335.

Amole, D. (2009). Residential satisfaction in students’ housing. Journal of Environmental

Psychology, 29, 76-85.

Balogh, C. P., Grimm, J., & Hardy, K. (2005). ACUHO-I Construction and Renovation Data:
The Latest Trends in Housing Construction and Renovation. Journal of college and university
student housing, 33(2).

Bekurs, G. (2007). Outstanding student housing in American community colleges: problems and
prospects. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 31, 621–636.

Kaya, N., & Erkip, F. (2001). Satisfaction in a Dormitory Building: The Effects of Floor on the
Perception of Room Size and Crowding Environment and Behaviour, 33(1), 35-53.

Mohit, M. A., Ibrahim, M., & Rashid, Y. R. (2010). Assessment of residential satisfaction in
newly designed public low-cost housing in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International,
34(1), 18-27.

Oppewal, H., Poria, Y., ravenscroft, N., & Speller, G. (2005). student preferences for University
accomodation: an application of the stated preference approach. In R. G. Mira (Ed.), Housing,
space and quality of life: Ashgate publishing limited.

Rinn, A. N. (2004). Academic and social effects of living in honors residence halls. Journal of
the National Collegiate Honors Council, 5(2), 67-79.

Rodger, S. C., & Johnson, A. M. (2005). The Impact of Residence Design on Freshman
Outcomes: Dormitories Versus Suite-style residences. The Canadian Journal of Higher
Education, 35(3), 83-99.
Appendices :

Please indicate the degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements
regarding the acute residential crisis in Dhaka University and deprivation of core facilities of
students living at hall.

This questionnaire is constructed only for academic purpose.

Name of respondent: ………………………………

Name of the Hall: ……………………………………..

Year of residence in Hall: ……………… .…. …… Department:…………..

Gender: Male Female

Instruction: **Please give a tick mark (√) in desire box.

1. DU students grapple with acute residential crisis.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

2. Insufficient reading rooms in halls hinder the proper environment of studying.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

3. Halls libraries contain wide range of books and journals to strengthen associative
support to gather knowledge in the form of horizontal.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

4. Nasty student politics in halls stimulate the residence problem.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree
5. Each and every room in halls provides modern facilities and utilities such as fans,
sufficient lightings, ventilation, and security matters.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

6. Dining and canteen facility is adequate for providing food are reasonable.

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

7. Most of the halls building are in danger in response to little natural deviations like
earthquakes, storms, and heavy rainfall entering rain water into the room due to roof

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

8. Sufficient Medicare, fitness center, and well sanitation systems are available inside the

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

9. University authority has great concern to solve residence problem for students in Dhaka

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

10. Government initiations to solving this residence and facilities problems are

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly disagree Neutral Strongly agree

Thank you very much for your valued participation.

Advanced Marketing Research
(Course No: 515)

Topic: Research Proposal on “DU students grapple with acute residential


Submitted to:

Dr.A.K. Fazlul Haque Shah

Department of Marketing
University of Dhaka

Submitted by:

Group: “Unique”
Name Roll No:
Jannatul Ferdous 097
Subrata Datta 137
Md. Mesbahul Hossen 079
Md.Maksudul Alam 157
Md. Azharul Haque Bhuiyan 155
Jannatul Ferdaus 177

MBA 12th Batch

Department of Marketing
University of Dhaka

Date of submission: 9th April, 2011.