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Isu dan cabaran dalam pelaksanaan Rancangan Malaysia dan cadangan penambahbaikan
Isu dan cabaran dalam pelaksanaan
Rancangan Malaysia dan
cadangan penambahbaikan
Malaysia – A success story

Malaysia – A success story

2 Rancangan Malaya 9 Rancangan Malaysia
2
Rancangan Malaya
9
Rancangan Malaysia
Parliament Building (1963)
Parliament Building (1963)
Parliament Building (1963)
Parliament Building
(1963)
Parliament Building (1963)
National Mosque (1965)
National Mosque (1965)
National Mosque (1965)
National Mosque (1965)
National Mosque (1965)
National Mosque
(1965)
Federal Territory Mosque (2000)
Federal Territory Mosque (2000)
Federal Territory Mosque (2000)
Federal Territory Mosque (2000)

Federal Territory Mosque

(2000)

Malaysia Trade Centre (2006)
Malaysia Trade Centre (2006)
Malaysia Trade Centre (2006)
Malaysia Trade Centre (2006)
Malaysia Trade Centre (2006)
Malaysia Trade Centre
(2006)
Terengganu International Airport Terminal (2007)
Terengganu International Airport Terminal (2007)
Terengganu International Airport Terminal
(2007)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (1998)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (1998)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (1998)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (1998)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (1998)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
(1998)
SILK Kajang Interchange
SILK Kajang Interchange
SILK Kajang Interchange
Sayong Bridge
Sayong Bridge
Sayong Bridge
CIQ Complex, Johor (2007)
CIQ Complex, Johor (2007)
CIQ Complex, Johor
(2007)
Submarine Bay, Sepangar Bay, Kota Kinablu, Sabah
Submarine Bay, Sepangar Bay, Kota Kinablu, Sabah
Submarine Bay, Sepangar Bay, Kota Kinablu, Sabah
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed
We have progressed

What do we want?

Maximise value of investment
Maximise value of investment
Reference Model
Reference Model
Competitive
Competitive
Tourism
Tourism
Highly respected
Highly respected
SUSTAINABILITY
SUSTAINABILITY
Environmental Energy friendly Efficiency
Environmental
Energy
friendly
Efficiency
Quality
Quality

Safety

Model Competitive Tourism Highly respected SUSTAINABILITY Environmental Energy friendly Efficiency Quality Safety
Issues, enablers and recommendations
Issues, enablers and recommendations
Issues 1. Clarity of outcomes 2. Strategic and integrated planning 3. Innovative Procurement 4. Life
Issues
1. Clarity of outcomes
2. Strategic and integrated planning
3. Innovative Procurement
4. Life Cycle Costing
Enablers
1. Human capital development
2. Construction technology
3. ICT
Strategic map for improved project delivery in Malaysia Plans
Strategic map for improved project delivery in
Malaysia Plans
ONE PEOPLE PERFORMANCE MALAYSIA FIRST NOW Reference Highly Competitive Quality Model respected Tourism
ONE
PEOPLE
PERFORMANCE
MALAYSIA
FIRST
NOW
Reference
Highly
Competitive
Quality
Model
respected
Tourism
Sustainable
Safety
Clarity of
outcome
Strategic and
integrated
planning
Innovative
procurement
Life Cycle
Costing
Human
Construction
Enablers
ICT
Capital
Technology
Cost and Impact vs time
Cost and Impact vs time
Cost and Impact vs time Impact/Cost Can make fundamental changes Less Effort not cost effective opportunity
Impact/Cost
Impact/Cost
Can make fundamental changes
Can make
fundamental
changes
Less Effort not cost effective opportunity Consumes valuable time Influence Curve Effort Curve More work
Less
Effort not
cost effective
opportunity
Consumes
valuable time
Influence Curve
Effort Curve
More work
needed
Limited to
contract
matters
Not going to
change
anything
Little effort
Outcome definition
Outcome
definition
to change anything Little effort Outcome definition Time Implementation Phase PLAN DESIGN TENDER
Time
Time
Implementation Phase
Implementation Phase
PLAN
PLAN
DESIGN
DESIGN
TENDER
TENDER
CONTRACT
CONTRACT
CLOSING
CLOSING
1. Clarity of Outcomes
1. Clarity of Outcomes
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Outcomes versus Output

Rolling and Seamless planning Outcome-based approach

2

Project alignment to National Physical Plan

Introduce project review process - Gerbang Nilai .

   

Value at entry

3

Competitive edge

Readiness to go to the next phase

4

Alignment to stated policy - labor (e.g IBS), energy efficiency, etc

 
1. Clarity of Outcomes…(continue)
1. Clarity of Outcomes…(continue)
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Integrated development

Integrated planning across agencies.

   

2

Spinoff – timely cascaded essential industries

Integrating investment across organisational boundaries of programs and systems

Prioritisation of investment – political, technical, social and economic benefits

Sharing of resource

Optimisation of resources

2. Planning
2. Planning
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Client versus vendor driven projects

Value at entry Utilize Gerbang Nilai (project review process) Outcome Based Approach

2

Completeness of scope definition

3

Adequacy of allocation

4

Premature disposal of asset to make way for development

Creation of Land Bank

5

Suitability of sites

Inaccessible, too hilly, flood prone, marshland etc

planned in silos –lack integration and synergy

2. Planning…(continue)
2. Planning…(continue)
 

Issues

Recommendation

4

Land and utilities

Revolving fund

Land acquisition,

Standardised compensation

Encumbrances

Squatters

Utilities

 Land acquisition,  Standardised compensation  Encumbrances  Squatters  Utilities
 Land acquisition,  Standardised compensation  Encumbrances  Squatters  Utilities
 Land acquisition,  Standardised compensation  Encumbrances  Squatters  Utilities
 Land acquisition,  Standardised compensation  Encumbrances  Squatters  Utilities
3. Procurement
3. Procurement
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Innovative procurement

Utilise alternative procurement methodology for complex projects e.g Relational Contracting and Design, Construct, & Maintain

Advancement in procurement methodology, especially for complex projects

4. Life Cycle Costing
4. Life Cycle Costing
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Appropriate Technology

Employ life cycle costing

Needs to be policy driven High initial cost Scale of economy

Tunneling or structure for hilly areas for sustainable environment

Service tunnels for road projects in cities

2

Road Safety Improvement

Allocate 10% of the budget for road development to be used for safety improvement of existing roads

3

Fatalities of motorcyclists

Motorcycle lanes should be given a feature for roads where more than 30% road users are motorcyclists

4

Energy Efficiency

Government must ensure that all new building comply with Green Building Index. Existing buildings to be upgraded in stages.

5

Integrated Building Modules

Use of pre-approved plans and building modules utilising open IBS concept.

5. Enabler: Human capital

5. Enabler: Human capital   Issues Recommendation 1 Capacity and capability of contractors and consulting
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Capacity and capability of contractors and consulting firms

Reclassification of Class A contractors

Classification of consulting firms

 

Payment to consulting firms based on man-month

2

Staff development Training facilities

Create Centre of Excellence

Leveraging on human capital to enhance product quality

 
 
6. Enabler: ICT
6. Enabler: ICT
 

Issues

Recommendation

1

Standardisation of practice and processes

Create Total Asset Management System for whole-of-government by leveraging on ICT

2

Integration of data across agencies to ensure integrity at every phase of development

Utilise standard effective workflow for project development and implementation

Summary and Conclusion
Summary and Conclusion
• Sustainability / viability Value at Entry • Value for money • Integration of development
• Sustainability / viability
Value at
Entry
• Value for money
• Integration of development
Economic planning
• Acquisition management
• People
Integration
Harmony
• Environment
• Economic benefits
• Total Asset Management
technical planning
Balanced
• Stakeholder Focused
project
•Enhanced project outcomes
•Standardised processes & practices
output
Summary and Conclusion…
Summary and Conclusion…
GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER
GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER
Summary and Conclusion… GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER Delivering Long-term Value Creation of Sustainable Future 1.
Summary and Conclusion… GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER Delivering Long-term Value Creation of Sustainable Future 1.
Summary and Conclusion… GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER Delivering Long-term Value Creation of Sustainable Future 1.
Summary and Conclusion… GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER Delivering Long-term Value Creation of Sustainable Future 1.
Summary and Conclusion… GOVERNMENT as MASTER DEVELOPER Delivering Long-term Value Creation of Sustainable Future 1.

Delivering Long-term Value

Creation of Sustainable Future

1. Building Competitive Edge in Global Setting

2. Optimization of Resources

3. Whole life costing approach to investment

of Resources 3. Whole life costing approach to investment 1. Maximizing public investment - Embedding value

1. Maximizing public investment - Embedding value for money across government

2. Focus on Integrated Planning –

3. Timely Cascaded Support Industries

4. Robustness in delivery system

5. Flexibility in implementation

One Malaysia People First Performance Now
One Malaysia
People First
Performance Now