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What I had learned was types of learning, transfer, interference,

overgeneralization , inductive and deductive reasoning.According to
Gagne there are eight types of learning hierarchal structure is listed
lowest to highest and we must master each step before reaching the
next.In signal learning, the learner makes a general response to a signal.
In stimulus-response learning, the learner makes a precise response to a
signal. Chaining means the connection of a set of individual stimulus &
responses in a sequence. In verbal association, the learner makes
associations using verbal connections. In discrimination learning, the
learner makes different responses to different stimuli that are somewhat
alike. In concept learning, the learner develops the ability to make a
generalized response based on a class of stimuli. I don’t understand
concept and principle learning. In problem solving, the learner discovers a
combination of previously learned rules and applies them to solve a novel
situation. When learning from one situation assists learning in another,
this is referred to as positive transfer. For example, knowledge of French
may help a student learn Spanish. However, when learning from one
situation interferes with learning in another situation, this is referred to as
negative transfer. For example, a French native speaker may say in
English “I am in New York since October” . Children at first may
overgeneralize grammatical rules and say, for example, goed (meaning
went) or dog for all animals. This is referred to overgeneralization. Also, if
the students are presented with examples and they figure out the rule or
generalization from the examples, that is if an explicit rule is never given,
this is referred inductive, however, if students are given some rules
explicitly and they are asked to apply it to some different examples, this is
refrred to deductive.

What I had difficulty in figuring out was Gagne’s eight types of


I suppose I need to focus more on Gagne’s eight types of

learning because I have no idea about how I can use it in my teaching.

I believe I will use transferring in my teaching . Before teaching a

new subject , I will benefit from my students’ existing knowledge. So, I will
start teaching from what is known to what is unknown. Also, when I
explain an information, if my students ovegeneralize it to any other
subject, I can ignore their mistakes to some extent because I know that
they are in the stage of “overgeneralization.” Moreover , when I become a
teacher, I will give my students a chance to infer the grammar rule from
the given examples rather than explaining the rule explicitly because if
students learn on their own and if I guide them when it is necessary, I
believe that their learning is fostered better.