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ANNEXE I

Ferraillage de paroi

Hauteur utile :

d = h-c = 60 – 8

d = 52 cm

Armature Longitudinal

Nappe extérieur
𝑀𝑠
µs =
𝜎𝑠∗𝑏∗𝑑 2

Avec : 𝑴𝒔 = 130,28 KN/ml

2𝑓𝑒
σs̅ = min ( ; max (0.5fe ; 110√𝜂 ∗ 𝑓𝑡28 )
3
2∗500
= min ( max(0.5*500) ; 110√1,6 ∗ 1,79 )
3

σs̅ =250MPa

avec 𝜼 =1,6

ft28= 0.6 + 0.06 fc28 = 1.79 MPa

fc28 =19,8 MPa

130,28∗10−3
µs = 250∗ 1∗ 0,522 =0,0019  k = 51.89

β‚ = 0.9293

𝑀𝑠 130,28∗ 10−3
𝐴𝑠𝑒𝑟 = = = 0,001078 𝑚2
𝜎𝑠 ∗ β‚ ∗ d 250∗ 0.9293∗ 052

𝐴𝑠𝑒r = 10,78 𝑐𝑚2/mL


 On prond 4HA20 =12.57 cm2 /mL

Nappe intérieur

𝑀𝑠𝑒𝑟 = -122,26 MPa

122,26∗ 10−3
µs = 250 ∗ 1 ∗ 0,522 =0,001808  k = 55.16

β‚ = 0,9287

𝑀𝑠 122,26∗ 10−3
𝐴𝑠𝑒𝑟 = = = 0,001012 𝑚2
𝜎𝑠 ∗ β‚ ∗ d 250∗ 0.9287 ∗ 0.52

𝐴𝑠𝑒r = 10.12 𝑐𝑚2/mL

 On prond 4HA20 = 12.57𝑐𝑚2/mL

Armature Transversal

Nappe extérieur

Ax = 12.57 cm2/ml
Ax
Ay ≥
3

 Ay = 4.19cm2/ml

On prond 6HA12 =6,79 cm2/ml

Nappe intérieur

Ax = 18,85 cm2/ml
Ax
Ay ≥
3

 Ay = 6,28 cm2/ml

On prond 6HA12 =6,79 cm2/ml

Effort tranchant

Vu 110,08𝐸−3
𝝉𝒖= = = 0.211MPa
d. b 0.52∗ 1

fc28 19,8
𝝉𝒖 ≤ 𝝉𝒍𝒊𝒎= (min 0.15 ;4MPa)= min (0.15∗ ; 4Mpa )
γb 1,5

𝝉lim = 1,98 MPa

 Condition vérifiée, Pas besoin d’armature de l’effort tranchant.


On prond des cadres selon l fasicule 62 titre 5 avec les armatures
longitudinal de diametre 20cm .

Vérification de la contrainte de compression du béton


Nappe extérieur

Cherchons x1 qui est la distance de l’axe neutre à la fibre considérée


déterminée à partir de la résolution de l’équation suivante :

b∗x2
– n.𝐴𝑠 .(d-x)=0
2

1∗x2
+ 0,01078.x – 0,0084 = 0
2

x = -0,016m ou x = 0,12m

On prend x = 0.12m

Moment quadratique par rapport à l’axe neutre est :


b∗x3
𝐼𝑥 = + n.𝐴𝑠.(d − x)2
3
1∗0.123
= + 15*0.001078*(0.52 – 0.12)2
3

=0,00316𝑚4

Donc
Mser 𝛔𝐬
σ𝑏𝑐 =
Ix
* x = 4.947 MPa > σb =
𝐤
= 4.81 MPa

 Condition vérifiée
Nappe intérieur

b∗x2
– n.𝐴𝑠 .(d-x)=0
2

1∗x2
+ 0,0158x – 0,00789= 0
2

x = -0,015m ou x = 0,12m

On prend x = 0.1 2m

Moment quadratique par rapport à l’axe neutre est :


b∗x3
𝐼𝑥 = + n.𝐴𝑠.(d − x)2
3

1∗0.143
= + 15*0.001012*(0.52 – 0.14)2
3

=0,0030𝑚4

Donc
Mser 𝛔𝐬
σ𝑏𝑐 = * x = 4.89 MPa > σ𝑏𝑐 = =4.532 MPa
Ix 𝐤

 condition vérifiée

Vérification de la contrainte de traction de l’acier

Nappe supérieur

𝑀𝑠𝑒𝑟 =130,28 kN.m/m


n=15

d=0,52

𝐼𝑥=0,00316

X=0.12 m
Mser
𝜎𝑠= n* Ix
*(d-x)

130.28𝐸−3
= 15* ∗ (0.52 - 0.12)
0.00316

= 247,367Mpa < σ𝑠lim = 250 MPa

 Condition vérifié
Nappe inférieur

𝑀𝑠𝑒𝑟 =122,26 KN.m/m

n=15

d=0,52

x=0,12m

𝐼𝑥=0,003
Mser
𝜎𝑠=n* *(d-x)
Ix

122.26𝐸−3
= 15* . (0,52-0,12)
0.003

= 51,12 MPa < σ𝑠 = 176,36 MPa

Condition vérifié
ANNEXE II
1. Calcul de portance des pieux :

Pour D=1m et h=52m

 Calcul de Qp

Qp=Þ*A*qp
𝟐
A = 𝝅∗𝑫
𝟒
= 0.78m2
Þp=1
qp=Kp*ple*
kp=1.2m Avec -les pieux fores a la boue ( sans refoulement )

-argile limons

-pl* du point =17.5 bars

=> classe B Donc kp= 1.2

𝟏 𝑫+𝟑𝒂
Ple*=𝒇(𝒙) = 𝐛+𝟑𝐚 ∑𝑫−𝒃 ∗ 𝐏(𝐳) 𝐝𝐳
a=max ( 𝑩𝟐 , 𝟎. 𝟓𝒎) =max (0.5, 0.5m)=0.5m
b=min (a,h)=min(0.5,1)=0.5m
b+3a=0.5+ (3*0.5) = 2m
D+3a(z1)=52+3*0.5 = 53.5m
D-b(z2)=52-0.5 = 51.5m
𝟏𝟖+𝟏𝟒
PL (z1) = 𝟐
= 16Bars
𝟏𝟕.𝟐+𝟏𝟕.𝟓
PL (z2)= 𝟐
=17.35Bars
Donc
Ple*=0.5*[(16*15) + (17.5*0.5)]=16.33Bar
qp=1.2*16.33=19.56Bar
Qp=1*0.78*19.56=1528.02KN

Calcul de Qs
Þs=1
P=2πR = 2π0.5=π
PL=∑ 𝒒𝒔𝒊 *ei

 Pl1=2Bars
Classe A qs=0 MPa
Q1

 Pl2=2.5 Bars
Classe A qs=0.005MPa
Q1

 Pl3=3.4Bars
Classe A qs=0.013 MPa
Q1

 Pl4=2.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.005 MPa
Q1

 Pl5=2.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.002 MPa
Q1

 Pl6=3.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.015 MPa
Q1

 Pl7=2.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.003 MPa
Q1

 Pl8=2.2Bars
Classe A qs=0.002 MPa
Q1

 Pl9=2.1 Bars
Classe A qs=0.001 MPa
Q1
 Pl10=2.1Bars
Classe A qs=0.001 MPa
Q1

 Pl11=2.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.003 MPa
Q1

 Pl12=3.4Bars
Classe A qs=0.015 Mpa
Q1

 Pl13=2.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.005 MPa
Q1

 Pl14=3.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.011 MPa
Q1

 Pl15=3.2Bars
Classe A qs=0.012 MPa
Q1

 Pl16=4.1Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl17=2.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl18=3.8Bars
Classe A qs=0.019 MPa
Q1

 Pl19=4.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1
 Pl20=4.3Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl21=3.8Bars
Classe A qs=0.019 MPa
Q1

 Pl22=4.8Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl23=3.9Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl24=5.4Bars
Classe A qs=0.022 MPa
Q1

 Pl25=5.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.023MPa
Q1

 Pl26=6.2Bars
Classe A qs=0.028 MPa
Q1

 Pl27=4.8Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl28=5.4Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1

 Pl29=4.8Bars
Classe A qs=0.02 MPa
Q1
 Pl30=8Bars
Classe B qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl31=7.2Bars
Classe A qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl32=7.6Bars
Classe B qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl33=9.4Bars
Classe B qs=0.033MPa
Q1

 Pl34=7.2Bars
Classe A qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl35=8Bars
Classe A qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl36=7.5Bars
Classe A qs=0.03MPa
Q1

 Pl37=8.7Bars
Classe B qs=0.032MPa
Q1

 Pl38=6Bars
Classe A qs=0.025MPa
Q1

 Pl39=10.5Bars
Classe B qs=0.038MPa
Q1

 Pl40=8.7Bars
Classe A qs=0.02MPa
Q1

 Pl41=16.1Bars
Classe B qs=0.04MPa
Q1

 Pl42=17.2Bars
Classe B qs=0.04MPa
Q1

 Pl43=17.5Bars
Classe B qs=0.04MPa
Q1

PL=∑ 𝒒𝒔𝒊 *ei=0.983Mpa

Qs=1*π*0.983= 2.868MN = 2868.27 kN

Dans le cas de Ø 800 :

Charge limite de pointe QP Charge limite de frottement latéral Qs

 P = 2π R = 2.51 m
π D²  Qs = 1 ×2.51× 0.98
 A= = 0.5 m²
4
 qP = 19.32  QS = 3425.8 KN
 Kp = 1.2
 QP = 𝜌. A .qp
 = 1 × 0.5 × 1.932
 QP = 0.966 MN

Charge limite QL
QL= Qs + QP

QL = 3425.8 KN
Les combinaisons :

 QTU = Q S= 2459 KN
 QC = 0.5*QP + 0.7* QSU = 2204.3 KN

Dans le cas de Ø 900 :

Charge limite de pointe QP Charge limite de frottement latéral Qs

 P = 2π* R = 2.82 m
π∗D²
 A= = 0.636 m²
4
 Kp = 1.2
 qp = 𝜌𝑝 ∗Kp * pPe* = 19.59 Bars  Qs = 1*2.51*0.98
 Qp = 1*0.636 *1.959 = 2459.8  Qs = 2772.06 KN

Charge limite QL

QL= Qs + QP

QL = 4017.984 KN

Les combinaisons

 QTU= 2772.06 KN
 Qc= 0.5*QP + 0.7* QSU= 3170.342 KN
Dans le cas de Ø 1000 :

Charge limite de pointe QP Charge limite de frottement latéral Qs

 P = 2π* R = π m
π∗D²
 A= = 0.78 m²
4  Qs = 1*2.51*0.98
 Kp = 1.2  Qs = 2772.06 KN
 qp = 𝜌𝑝 ∗Kp * pPe* = 19.59 Bars
 Qp = 1*0.78 *1.956 = 1.528.0.2

Charge limite QL :

QL= Qs + QP

QL =4396.29.98KN

Les combinaisons :

 Qtu = Q S = 2868.27 KN
 Qc== 0.5*QP + 0.7* QSU =2771.799KN

Dans le cas de Ø 1200 :

Charge limite de pointe QP Charge limite de frottement latéral Qs

 Calcul de qp
 Kp = 1.2
1 𝐷+3𝑎
 Pl = = ∫ 𝑃 (𝑍)𝑑𝑧  Qs = 𝝆𝒑 * P *0.983
b+3a 𝐷−𝑏
B 1.2  Qs= 370.58KN
 a= max ( ;0.5) = max ( ; 0.5 ) = 0.6m
2 2
 b= min (a ; 1m) = 0.6m
 z1 = D+3a =52+1.8= 53.8 m
 z2 = D - b = 51.4 m
 b-3a =2.3 m
 Qp = 19.32×1×1.13 = 2.51.6 K
regle de 3

51−51.4 51−51.4
17.2−𝑥
= 17.2−𝑥

−0.4 −1
17.2−𝑥
= 17.2—0.3𝑥

A 15.4m  pLe* = 17.32 Bars

45−53.8 45−53
14−𝑥
= 14−18

−0.2 −1
14−𝑥= −4

a 53.8m  pLe* = 14.8Bars

1
PLe*= 2.3*( 17.32*0.6)+( 14.8*18)

 PLe* = 16.1 bars


 qp = 1.2*16.1=19.32
π∗D²
 A= =1.13m2
4

Charge limite QL :

QL= Qs + QP

QL =6217.42KN

Les combinaisons :

 Q tu = 3705.8 KN
 Qc = 3849.86 KN
2. Dimensionnement des pieux

Ø 800  QL = 3425.8KN

Ø 900  QL = 4017.98 KN

Ø 1000  QL = 4396.29KN

Ø 1200  QL= 6217.42KN

NS1 = 37 T+5.17 =42.17 T = 421.7kN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S2 = 380 T +63.4 T =462.3KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S3 = 38.7 T +7.53 T=462.3KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S4 = 39.7 T +10.3 T=497.3 KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S5 = 28.11 T +6.98 T =350.9KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S6 = 24.2 T+5.73 T =338.4KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S7 = 32T+5.69 T=376.9KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S8 = 48.86 T+11.95 T=608.1KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S9 = 55.09T+14.36T =694.5KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S10 = 121T +34T =1550KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800
N S11 = 33.5T +6.22 T=397.2KN < 1* QL Ø 80
 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S12 = 120.64 T+32.82T =1534.6 KN < 1* QL Ø 1200


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1200

N S13 = 119.68T +33.93 T=1536.1KN < 1* QL Ø 1200


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1200

N S14 = 85.12T +24.57T=1097.8 KN < 1* QL Ø 800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S15 = 39.22T +6.92T=461.4 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S16 = 52.55T +12.69T =652.4 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S17 = 352.34T +97.35T=4496.9 KN < 1* QL Ø1200


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1200

N S18 = 175.18 T+52.38T =2275.6 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S19 = 134.02T+39.12T =1731.4KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S20= 51.25T+15.96T =672.1KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S21 = 30.45 T+5.66T =1723.47 KN < 1* QL Ø1200


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1200

N S22 = 174.11 T+52.29T =2149.7 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S23 = 158.68 T+52.11T =2107.79 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800
N S24 = 234.82 T+77.13T =3119.5 KN < 1* QL Ø800
 1PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S25 = 84.46T+32.05T =1165.1 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S26 = 48.42 T+17.08T =655.0KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S27 = 51.89T+10.95T =628.4 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S28 = 82.36 T+27.18T =1095.4 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S29 = 139.05T+29.98T =1690.3KN < 1* QL Ø1200


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1200

N S30 = 106.7 T+301.41T =4081.1KN < 1* QL Ø1000


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 1000

N S31 = 140.45 T+50.87T =1913.2 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S32 = 56.67 T+16.29T =729.6 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S33 = 144.23T+32.14T =1463.7 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S34 = 288.48 T+97.38T =3858.6 KN < 1* QL Ø900


 1PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S35 = 63.8T+16.29T =800.9 KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S36 = 131.25T+35.86T =1671.1KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800
N S37 = 176.04T+56.78T =2328.21KN < 1* QL Ø800
 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S38 = 32.66T+126.18T =1588.4KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S39 = 64.2T+20.01T =862.1KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S40 = 103.17T+24.03T =1272KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S41 = 63.26T+12.55T =758.1KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S42 = 16.6T+80.28T =968.8KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

N S43 = 15.17T+88.11T =1032.8KN < 1* QL Ø800


 1 PIEUX DE Ø 800

Nombre total des pieux = 43


Sollicitation de calcul NS:

NS1 = 421.7kN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  vérifier

N S2 =462.3KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S3 =462.3KN < SrØ 800=2003.9 verifier

N S4 =497.3 KN <Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S5 =350.9KN < S Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S6=338.4KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

Ns7= 376.9KN <Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S8 =608.1KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S9=694.5KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S10 =1550KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S11 =397.2KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S12 =1534.6 KN < Sr Ø 1200=3499 verifier

N S13 =1536.1KN < Sr Ø 1200=3499.87 verifier

N S14 =1097.8 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S15 =461.4 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S16 =652.4 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S17 =4496.9 KN < Sr Ø 1200=3499.87 verifier

N S18 =2275.6 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S19=1731.4KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier


N S20=672.1KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S21 =1723.47 KN < Sr Ø 1200=3499.87 verifier

N S22 =2149.7 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S23 =2107.79 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S24 =3119.5 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S25 =1165.1 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S26=655.0KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S27 =628.4 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S28 =1095.4 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S29 =1690.3KN < Sr Ø 1000=3499.87 verifier

N S30 =4081.1KN < Sr Ø 1200=2519.8 verifier

N S31 =1913.2 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S32=729.6 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S33 =1463.7 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S34 =3858.6 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S35 =800.9 KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S36=1671.1KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S37 =2328.21KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S38=1588.4KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S39 =862.1KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S40 =1272KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier


N S41 =758.1KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

N S42 =968.8KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9  verifier

N S43=1032.8KN < Sr Ø 800=2003.9 verifier

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