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Install Vsftpd FTP Server


Install the vsftpd package via yum command:
À  
 

Vsftpd Defaults
1. Default port: TCP / UDP - x and x
2. The main configuration file: etcvsftpdvsftpd.conf
3. Users that are not allowed to login via ftp: etcvsftpdftpusers

Configure Vsftpd Server


Open the configuration file, type:
À
 
  
  

Turn off standard ftpdxferlog log format:

    

Turn on verbose vsftpd log format. The default vsftpd log file is /var/log/vsftpd.log:

    

Above to directives will enable logging of all FTP transactions. Lock down users to their home
directories:

  


Create warning banners for all FTP users:

^  
  

Create /etc/vsftpd/issue file with a message compliant with the local site policy or a legal disclaimer:

   !"

!          

# 
   $     %  

Turn On Vsftpd Service


Turn on vsftpd on boot:
À & 
  

Start the service:


À 

  

À  '  (  )*+

Configure IptablesTo Protect The FTP Server


Open file /etc/sysconfig/iptables, enter:
À
   ^ 
Add the following lines, ensuring that they appear before the final LOG and DROP lines for the RH-
Firewall-1-INPUT:

'# ",'-$ '+'%! '  '' . '  '' *+ '/ # %

Open file /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config, enter:


À
   ^ ' 

Ensure that the space-separated list of modules contains the FTP connection tracking module:

%#0123!14 &  4

Save and close the file. Restart firewall:


À 
  ^  

Tip: View FTP Log File


Type the following command:
À  ' 
 
   

Sample output:

 2 *+ ++)56)7+ *668 9  5**8:; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4=76 %   $
!"  %#4

 2 *+ ++)56)7> *668 9  5**8:; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4!"

& 4

 2 *+ ++)56)7> *668 9  5**8:; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 477+ % 
    $ 4

 2 *+ ++)56)7: *668 9  5**8:; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4%#

4
 2 *+ ++)56)7: *668 9  5**8?; 9

&; @ 1A)  4+6+7+6:4

 2 *+ ++)56)7: *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4*76 1
  4

 2 *+ ++)56)7: *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 44

 2 *+ ++)56)7: *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4*+= !B
 ) 1:4

 2 *+ ++)56)78 *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4%"
+6<+<7<+6:<+>*<*=74

 2 *+ ++)56)78 *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4*66 %"
       %#C4

 2 *+ ++)5+)6= *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4+=6 & 
 4

 2 *+ ++)5+)6> *668 9  5**88; 9



&; @ !%1#3)  4+6+7+6:4< 4$ $'?''
'  4< :8=? ^< >?6@^

 2 *+ ++)5+)6> *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4**> - 

 @4

 2 *+ ++)5+)+6 *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4% #4

 2 *+ ++)5+)+6 *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4*66 $
 #   4

 2 *+ ++)5+)++ *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4%"
+6<+<7<+6:<*+?<8>4
 2 *+ ++)5+)++ *668 9  5**88; 9

&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4*66 %"
       %#C4

 2 *+ ++)5+)++ *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 414

 2 *+ ++)5+)++ *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4+=6 ,
   4

 2 *+ ++)5+)++ *668 9  5**88; 9



&; -%  )  4+6+7+6:4< 4**> 3
 @4

Tip: Restrict Access to Anonymous User Only


Edit the vsftpd configuration file /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf and add the following:

 ^ 

Tip: Disable FTP Uploads


Edit the vsftpd configuration file /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf and add the following:

$^ 

Security Tip: Place the FTP Directory on its Own Partition


Separation of the operating system files from FTP users files may result into a better and secure
system. Restrict the growth of certain file systems is possible using various techniques. For e.g., use
/ftp partition to store all ftp home directories and mount ftp with nosuid, nodev and noexec options. A
sample /etc/fstab enter:

 
 =   7   < < 
<<D + *

Disk quota must be enabled to prevent users from filling a disk used by FTP upload services. Edit
the vsftpd configuration file. Add or correct the following configuration options to represents a
directory which vsftpd will try to change into after an anonymous login:
     ^

Linux Create An FTP User Account


^ V I V E K GI TE 
 4 CO M ME NTS 

Now your FTP server is up and running. It is time to add additional users to FTP server so that they
can login into account to upload / download files. To add a user called tom and set the password,
enter:
À   ' E-% !" E ' 

À $ 

Now tom can login using our ftp server. Make sure the following is set in vsftpd.conf

 ^ 

Restart the vftpd:


À 

  

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