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TUTORIAL 1 Windows
Starting Up and Shutting Down a PC
This tutorial describes how to start up and log on with a user name and password
to a Windows PC with the Vista operating system installed. The tutorial also
explains the shut down procedure to correctly power off the computer when you
have finished your tasks.

Starting Up and Logging On

During the installation of Vista, the setup routine includes a process to create a
user name and password to log on to the computer. You will need to know the
user name and password created for the PC you are using before proceeding. The
first screen that appears after turning on the power, or moving the mouse to re-
activate a system that is in standby mode, is called the Welcome screen (see
Figure 1). On this page, all of the account names that have been set up on the
computer are shown with an icon.
When you click the icon for the user name that you want to use to log on to the
computer, the icon enlarges and a password text box appears if the account
requires a password. The remaining user names disappear from view. If you
attempt to log on with an incorrect password, Vista displays the password hint if
one was created with the user account.

In, out, up, down—what does it all mean? Logging on means connecting to the
TIP computer; logging in is the same thing, just different wording. Logging off
means disconnecting, and logging out is the same thing.

To log on at the Vista Welcome screen:
1. Click the icon for your user name.
2. Type your password if a password is required and then click the right arrow
button or press Enter.

In an environment where multiple users access the same computer, such as in a

school, logging on (and off) is important for tracking purposes. On a network,
logging on also connects the computer to the network using settings and per-
missions that are set up especially for that user. For example, there might be
certain locations on a file server that become accessible through the network
when a certain user logs on, but not when some other user logs on.

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Start button Sidebar

Quick Launch toolbar Taskbar

Figure 2 Vista Desktop

Previous versions of Windows provided the ability to turn off the display of the
TIP Welcome screen; however, in Vista, the Welcome screen cannot be turned off.

The Vista desktop appears when you successsfully log on (see Figure 2). The
desktop shown displays the default background using the Windows Vista theme.
Your background may be different since other pictures are available. On the desk-
top, icons to launch programs are available as well as the Taskbar and the Sidebar.
The Taskbar is the long horizontal bar along the bottom of the screen and is used
to manage application windows. The Sidebar is a vertical bar along the right side
of the screen. The Sidebar contains gadgets that are mini programs for informa-
tion or frequently used tools.

Logging Off
Logging off and shutting down are two separate operations, although shutting
down also logs you off. Logging off indicates the user no longer requires the com-
puter. The user’s programs and documents are closed and the Welcome screen
redisplays; logging off does not shut down the PC.

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To log off:
1. Click the Start button.
2. Point to the right-pointing arrow button next to the lock button in the
right pane.
3. Click Log Off.

Properly end a
computer session
by logging off.

You can also use a feature called Fast User Switching to enable multiple users
to be logged on at once to the same PC. This could be handy when one person is
working on the PC and someone else comes up and wants a turn “just for a sec-
ond.” Instead of logging off as in Step 3 above, click Switch User and allow the
other person to log on temporarily. Switch User leaves the original user’s pro-
grams and data files open, whereas logging off closes them all.

Restarting and Shutting Down

In addition to logging off, you can also restart the PC, or you can shut it down
completely. Restarting can help if you are experiencing errors or problems with
Windows’ operation. Shutting down completely is a good idea when you are going
to be away from your PC for a while (say, 24 hours or more).

To shut down or restart:
1. Click the Start button.
2. Point to the right-pointing arrow button next to the lock button.
3. Click either Restart or Shut Down (to completely power off the computer).
Power Button
Click the Start button and then click the Power button to place the computer in
Sleep mode. In Sleep mode, all of your work is automatically saved, the screen is
turned off, and the computer is placed in its lowest power state. A light on the
outside of the computer case blinks or turns yellow to indicate sleep mode is
active. Reactivate the computer by pressing the Power button on the front of the
computer case, or by moving the mouse. After logging on, the screen will be
exactly as it was when you activated sleep mode.

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© 2007 Paradigm Publishing Inc.