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# INEQUALITY WORKSHEET

## a+b a+c b+c x + y + z ≥ x −1 + y −1 + z −1 .

1. Prove that + + ≥6.
c b a
17. a,b,c > 0 and a + b + c =
1
2. Prove that x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ≥ xy + yz + zx for every x, y, z ∈  .  1 
2
1 
2
1  100
2

a +  + b +  + c +  ≥
 a  b  c 3
3. Prove that for all nonnegative real numbers a,b and c
( a + b )( b + c )( c + a ) ≥ 8abc 18. Prove that for all nonnegative real numbers a,b and c
a 2 + b 2 + c 2 + 2abc + 1 ≥ 2 ( ab + bc + ca )
4. a, b, c > 0 and abc = 1 . Prove that (1 + a )(1 + b )(1 + c ) ≥ 8
a b c
19. a,b,c > 0 , + + ≥2
b+c a+c a+b
5. Let a,b,c be positive real numbers. Prove that
ab ( a + b − 2c ) + bc ( b + c − 2a ) + ac ( a + c − 2b ) ≥ 0
20. For any real numbers x, y, z ∈ ( 0,1] , prove the inequality
x y z
+ + ≤1.
6. Let a,b,c be positive real numbers. Prove that 1 + y + zx 1 + z + xy 1 + x + yz
( 2a 2
+ b 2 + c 2 )( a 2 + 2b 2 + c 2 )( a 2 + b 2 + 2c 2 ) ≥ ( a + b ) ( b + c ) ( c + a )
2 2 2

## 21. If a,b,c are positive real numbers such that abc = 1 ,

prove that ab 2 + bc 2 + ca 2 ≥ ab + bc + ca
7. a, b, c > 0 , Prove that c ( a − c ) + c ( b − c ) ≤ ab
22.Prove or disprove the inequality
8. If a and b are positive real numbers such that 1 1 1 27
2 2 3≤ + + ≤ ,
 1  1 25 1 − xy 1 − yz 1 − zx 8
a+b = 1 , prove that a +  + b +  ≥ .
 a  b 2 Where x + y + z = 1 and x, y, z ≥ 0.

## 9. Prove that , 0 ≤ a ≤ b ≤ c ,  23.Prove or disprove the inequality

( a + 3b )( b + 4c )( c + 2a ) ≥ 60abc 27

1
+
1
+
1

11
,
 x+ y  y+z  z+x
2 2 2
8 3
1−   1−   1−  
10. ( Russia 2002) Let x,y,z be positive real numbers. x + y + z =3.  2   2   2 
x + y + z ≥ xy + yz + zx Where x + y + z = 1 and x, y, z ≥ 0.

11. ( JMBO 2002) Let a,b,c be positive real numbers. Prove that 24. Let a,b,c be positive real numbers.Prove that
3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
a b c
+ 2+ 2 ≥
a b
+ +
c + + ≥ + + .
b 2
c a b c a 2a 2b 2c a + b b + c c + a

12. ( USA 95 ) a,b,c,d,e be real numbers.Find emax 25. Let a,b,c be real numbers with 0 < a,b,c < 1 and
a + b + c = 2. Prove that
a+b+c+d +e =8 and a 2 + b 2 + c 2 + d 2 + e 2 =
16 . a b c
⋅ ⋅ ≥8
1− a 1− b 1− c
13. ( Nesbitt’s Inequality ) For all nonnegative real numbers a,b and
c 26. ( IMO 95 ) Let a,b,c be positive real numbers with
abc = 1. Prove that
a b c 3
+ + ≥ 1 1 1 3
b+c a+c a+b 2 + 3 + 3 ≥
a (b + c ) b ( a + c ) c ( a + b ) 2
3

## 14. ( IMO 64 ) Let a,b,c be the sides of a triangle .Prove that

a 2 ( b + c − a ) + b 2 ( c + a − b ) + c 2 ( a + b − c ) ≤ 3abc 27. Let a,b,c be the sides of a triangle .Prove that
3 a b c
≤ + + <2
a b c 2 b+c a+c a+b
15. (Czech 99) Let a, b, c > 0 , + + ≥1.
b + 2c c + 2a a + 2b
28. ( Estonia 97 ) Let x,y be real numbers.Prove that
1 1 1 x2 + y 2 + 1 > x y 2 + 1 + y x2 + 1
16. (Iran 98) Let x, y, z > 1 and + + =2 . Prove that
x y z

## Sarajevo College 2009

INEQUALITY WORKSHEET

## 29. ( USA 98 ) a,b,c > 0 . Prove that 9  1 1 1 

≤ 2 + + .
1
+
1
+
1

1 a+b+c  a+b b+c c+a 
a 3 + b3 + abc b3 + c 3 + abc c 3 + a 3 + abc abc

30. ( IMO 96 ) and abc = 1.Prove that 41. (BiH 90, IV) Let a,b,c denote the sides of a triangle and s
ab bc ca denotes the half of the perimeter , prove that
+ + ≤1
a 5 + b5 + ab b5 + c 5 + bc c 5 + a 5 + ca a
+
b
+
c
≥ 6.
s −a s −b s −c

## 31. a, b, c ≥ 0 . Prove that 42. (Serbian 90, I) a + b + c =6 ,prove that a 2 + b 2 + c 2 ≥ 12 .

(a + b + c) ≥ a 3 + b3 + c 3 + 24abc
3

7
43. (IMO 84) Prove that 0 ≤ yz + zx + xy − 2 xyz ≤ where x,y,z are
32. Let A,B,C be the angles of a triangle.Prove that 27
nonnegative real numbers for which x + y + z = 1.
3 3
sin A + sin B + sin C ≤
2 44. If a,b,c are positive real numbers, prove that
a+b b+c c+a
33. ( BiH 85,I) Let x,y be real numbers. Prove that + + ≥ 3 2 and
c a b
x2 + y 2 ≥ 2 2 ( x − y )
a b c
+ + ≥2.
34. ( Kanton 99 , I ) Let 1 ≤ x ≤ y ≤ z ≤ t ≤ 100 . Find the minimum b+c c+a a+b

## x z 45. (Federation 08 , III) a, b, c positive real numbers,

value of + .
y t
 4a  4b  4c 
Prove that  + 1 + 1 + 1 > 25 .
 b + c  c + a  a + b 
35. (Federation 03 , II) Let x,y,z be real numbers with
x y z 3
xyz = 1. Prove that + + ≥ . 46. ( Kanton 08 , I ) If a > 0 and b > 0 , Prove that
xy + 1 yz + 1 zx + 1 2
a b
ab + + ≥ 1+ a + b .
b a
36. (Federation 03 , III) Let x,y,z be nonnegative real numbers with
x2 + y 2 + z 2 =
1 . Prove that
47. ( Kanton 08 , II ) If x, y and z ,positive real numbers.
9 1 1 1 5
≤ + + ≤ . 3 xy 3 yz 3 xz x2 + y 2 + z 2
3 + 3 x +1 y +1 z +1 2 Prove that + + ≤ 2+ .
xy + x + y yz + y + z zx + z + x 3
37. (Federation 04 , I) Let x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 be nonnegative numbers with
48. ( Kanton 08 , III ) x > 0, y > 0, z > 0 . Prove that
x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 =
( )
1 . Prove that
1 ( x + y + z )2 ≥ 3 xyz x+ y+ z
x1 x2 x3 + x2 x3 x4 + x3 x4 x1 + x4 x1 x2 ≤ .
16
49. ( Kanton 09 , II ) Let x,y,z be positive real numbers. xyz = 1 .
38. (Federation 03 , II) Let x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 be nonnegative numbers xy yz zx 3
Prove that + + ≥
with x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 =
1 . Prove that 1+ z 1+ x 1+ y
2 2 2
2
4
. x1 x2 x3 + x2 x3 x4 + x3 x4 x1 ≤ ..
81 50. ( Kanton 09 , III ) a,b,c > 0 . Prove that
a b c 3
39. (Serbian 02 , II) a > 0 and 0 < b < 1 Prove that + + ≥
a + 2b + 2c 2a + b + 2c 2a + 2b + c 5
a b
1 + a 2 + 1 − b2 ≤ +
b a 51. (T Kanton 09 , III ) a,b,c > 0 . a + b + c =
1 Prove that
a+b b+c c+a
+ + ≥18
ab bc ca
40. (Ireland 98) Prove that if a,b,c are positive real numbers, then