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"%/ Bangladesh is small Country of around 150,000
sq.km. Around half of Rural Population is Classified as poor and
loving in Rural areas. The agricultural sector in the main livelihood
strategy for the vast majority of rural people in Bangladesh.
Agricultural sector of Bangladesh mostly based on non organic
farming system. The total land organic cultivation was estimated to
which is using by rural people. to about 2% of the agricultural area.
Key certified organic produce from Bangladesh includes tea, shrimps,
Cotton and rice. These product are mainly exported. People living in
urban areas mostly cannot afford organic foods. Organic food shops
sell organic produce mainly to elites, since prices are beyond the
capacity of most urban people.

Recently different private companies and chain shops retail organic


vegetables, targeting higher income urban people. Production and
marketing of organic food are mainly done by contract farming for
private organizations, companies of chain shops, and does not
ensure fair price for the producing farmers. The prospect of organic
food and marketing bright with some Mission.

!/ Organic foods are those who compiles the organic


standards i.e. free from any harmful elements such as pesticides,
herbicides, antibiotics and not prepared in a way that kill its
nutritional value or adds harmful elements.

/ There are several benefits of organic food over Conventional


food those are:

0 1# / To compare conventional and organic


systems of farming: Organic farms do not consume or release
synthetic pesticides into the environment some of which have the
potential to
harm soil , water and local terrestrial and aquatic wildlife. Organic
farms are better than conventional farms at sustaining diverse
Ecosystems,i.e., populations of plants and insects, as well as animals.

When calculated either per unit area or per unit of yield , organic
farms

Use less energy and produce less waste , e.g, waste such as
packaging

Materials for chemicals.

0 '!!'/ In comparing a conventional farming system to


an organic method of farming ,the organic system is more energy
efficient.

20 " " / The effects and effects of pesticides is


dangerous upon the health of farm workers in case of conventional
farming. When pesticides are organic ,and are used correctly, they
still

End up in the air and bodies of farm workers.

0 c!' " ": Organic food is more safe than


conventional food due to pesticides through diet specially fpr infant
and child.

0 %# 1#% " : The quality of crops and livestock


products from organic and conventional farming system s differs

Considerably. Specifically the effects of organic and low-input


farming crop and livestock nutritional quality. Its creates positive
health impacts of organic diets on human and animal health. It is
also tasty and smell than other food.
/

0 # " %#' '/ There is no policy that directly


supports organic farming. Neither the National seed policy nor the
agriculture policy contains any specific clause agenda related to
organic

Farming. There is currently no regulatory framework to certify


organic

Products in Bangladesh .Recently BRAC the largest NGO has been


entitled as a certification authority for organic standards.



0 #"/ About 20% smaller yield from organic farms compared to
conventional farming. One study found organic farms of potatoes,
sugar beet and seed grass produce as little as half the output of
conventional farming.

20  2 : Organic product typically cost 10to 40% more than
similar conventionally produced products. Processed organic foods
vary in price when compared to their conventional counterparts,
processed organic food supermarkets to be 65% more expensive ,
but noted this was not consistent.
Here are other difference between conventional farming and organic
farming.

Conventional farmers Organic farmers


Apply chemical fertilizers to Apply natural fertilizers, such as
promote plant growth. manure or compost, to feed soil and
plants.
Spray insecticides to reduce and Use beneficial insects insects and
disease. birds, mating disruption or traps to
reduce pests and disease.
Use chemical herbicides to manage Rotate crops, till, hand weed or
weeds. mulch to manage weeds.
Give animals antibiotics, growth Give animals organic feed and allow
hormones and medications to them access to the outdoors. Use
prevent disease and spur growth preventive measures ʹsuch as
rotational grazing , a balanced diet
and clean housing to help minimize.

/
 c c

 /

c% ! #"$/ rganic farming in Bangladesh still occurs


largely on an experimental basis. Organic cultivation in Bangladesh
representing only 2% of the country͛s total cultivable land. Since the
introduction of organic farming into Bangladesh, by NGOs, the
movement is still being largely being directed by these organizations.
One of them is PROSHIKA. PROSHIKA has also introduced an organic
vegetable marketing project to promote the consumption of organic
vegetables. Currently, one marketing channel of PROSHIKA is selling
eco-friendly produce to the public in Mirpur area of Dhaka city.
Furthermore, mobile vans are being used to sell organic vegetables
in some areas, including apartment complexes, mega shops and
departmental stores͟.
Observing the benefits of cultivating organic crops by the NGO
farmers, a small number of non NGO conventional farmers have
started to cultivate organic crops. Among the few private companies
that have started to invest in organic farming, Kazi and Kazi Ltd. is a
leader. They have established an organic tea garden at Tetulia, in the
Panchagarh district. This tea is certified by the SGS organic
production standard in accordance with the EU Regulation 2092/91,
and it is marketed as ͞Meena Tea͟ (Tea International 2005). This
company also produces fresh organic vegetables and herbs for sale in
their supermarket, ͞Meena Bazar,͟ in Dhaka city.

#&#  c/ Increasing consumer awareness of health


and environmental issues has been an important driving force for the
recent growth in sales of organic food: 17 to 22% annually, compared
with 2to 3% for conventional foods. ͞The worldwide organic market
was worth an estimated US$ 25billion in 2003͟ (IFOAM 2006); and it
is anticipated to generate sales of US$ 32.3 billion by
2009(International Trade Centre 2000, 2007). In 2005, sales of
organic foods and beverages increased by 10.1% over the previous
year. A global market review of the whole, natural, organic and
ethical food markets stated that ͞the overall organic market is now
growing at a stable rate of around 10 percent per year, and forecasts
that by the year 2012, the global organic market is expected to reach
US$133.7 billion͟ (Bharat Book Bureau 2006).

India, our neighbor, produces and exports a wide range of fresh and
processed organic fruits, vegetables, nuts, oil crops, grains, coffee,
sugar cane, herbs and spices, although it is best known as an
exporter of organic tea. Other Asian countries, including China, the
Republic of Korea and Sri Lanka, are also active producers and
exporters of organic foods.

 / Bangladesh ariculture is now in the process of


transformation form subsistane to commercial farming. Meanwhile,
Bangladesh has already entered into the European market, exporting
vegetables and other high value crops to EU Member States. The
policy reforms that have taken place offer greater scope and
opportunities for private sector participation and an enabling
environment towards promoting agribusiness and investment.
Bangladesh has the capacity to realize a significant share of the
global organic market. This offers an opportunity to increase farmers͛
incomes, thereby making a significant contribution towards reducing
poverty for among poor farmers

2#%/ The Economy of Bangladesh is primarily dependent on


agriculture. The agricultural sector is the single largest contributor to
income and employment generation and a vital element in the
country͛s challenge to achieve self-sufficiency in food production,
reduce rural poverty and foster sustainable economic development.

Organic farming is potentially a profitable enterprise, with a growing


global market, already being supplied by 90 developing countries,
but not including Bangladesh. Local consumers in Bangladesh have a
fairly well-developed perception about organic produce, are
interested in buying certified organic foods, and even willing to pay
more for them. To gain access to his market, however, certification is
a prerequisite. As well as achieving this, the following issues are also
important for developing countries: increasing technical know-how
amongst the farmers about organic farming and organic inputs; good
post-harvest handling (e.g. cold storage, quality grading, and
packaging support); effective and efficient infrastructure and export
logistics (to enable the fresh produces to arrive in good condition in
the country of destination); and good and trustworthy relations with
importers, traders and wholesalers in the target markets. To
overcome the challenge for individual farmers in achieving this, we
are proposing a co-operative model. This will enable this sector to
meet the necessary requirements of producing and marketing
organic foods, both the domestic and export markets; and can secure
an extra premium for the poor farmers of Bangladesh. We
recommend that the concerned agencies, through research and
small- scale trials, take the necessary steps to enable the rapid
expansion of organic farming in Bangladesh, and so significantly
reduce poverty among the poor farmers.
(