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‘A gem, distilled from decades of experience.’ The Complete Yachtmaster Sailing, seamanship and navigation for the modern yacht skipper Fifth Edition Tom Cunliffe A ADLARD COLES NAUTICAL LONDON Acknowledgements The extracts from the British Admiralty charts: page 97 BA 3298, page 170 BA 2147 are reproduced with the permission of Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Published by Adlard Coles Nautical an imprint of A & C Black Publishers Ltd 38 Soho Square, London WaD 3HB www.adlardcoles.com Copyright © Tom Cunliffe 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006 First edition 1994, Reprinted 1995 Second edition 1997 Reprinted 1998 Third edition 2000 Reprinted 2001, Fourth edition 2003 Fifth edition 2006 Reprinted 2007 ISBN: 978-0-7136-7616-7 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means - graphic, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping or information storage and retrieval systems ~ without the prior permission in writing of the publishers. The author, Tom Cunliffe, has asserted his right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, to be identified as the author of this work. ACIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. This book is produced using paper that is made from wood grown in managed, sustainable forests. It is natural, renewable and recyclable, The logging and manufacturing processes conform to the environmental regulations of the country of origin. Typeset in 10 on 11.5pt Galliard Printed and bound in Singapore by Star Standard Note: While all reasonable care has been taken in the publication of this book, the publisher takes no responsibility for the use of the methods or products described in the book. Yachtmaster is a trademark of the Royal Yachting Association registered in the United Kingdom and selected marketing territories.