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art 100

introduction to art

course packet
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professor hudelson
palomar college

art 100 temporary course packet

This temporary course packet was researched and produced by professor
Hudelson, ©2005. It is intended as a supplement for his Art 100/Introduction to Art
students. Please purchase the COMPLETE course packet in the bookstore as
soon as you can. This temporary version will only be useful for the first week or
two of class. If you have any questions about this packet’s use or content, please
contact professor Hudelson at: (760) 744-1150, ext. 2979 or

In this course packet, there are four types of materials: chapter guides, study
guides, video guides and test guides.

Chapter guides parallel the material in your textbook, Kissick’s Art: Context and
Criticism. In class, when you see a work of art listed in a chapter guide, or when
we discuss a term, put a check mark by it. That way, you’ll know what we’ve gone
over, its correct spelling, and you’ll have more time in class to take notes on
information about the work or term.

Study guides summarize major points that we will study in class. Other study
guides compare and contrast various art styles, artists, etc. We will fill these out
together in class or occasionally I’ll assign them as homework to be filled out from
my website (http://daphne.palomar.edu/mhudelson).

Video guides correspond to some of the videos I’ll show in class. Rather than
taking notes on the video, you can just answer the questions in the video guide as
those points are addressed in the film. Although you won’t see every video for
which you have a video guide, we’ll either fill these out together in class, or I’ll
assign the questions as homework. You’ll probably find that you can answer most
of the questions on the video guides based on the reading and lecture information.

Test guides provide you with terms to study for the quizzes, as well as hints on
how to prepare for the midterms and final exam.

All of these items (chapter, study, video and test guides) will help you in taking
notes and in preparing for the quizzes and exams. I hope you find this temporary
course packet helpful.

Page: i

chapter guide

the beginnings of art
THE OLD STONE AGE (Paleolithic), c. 500,000-10,000 B.C.
THE MIDDLE STONE AGE (Mesolithic), c. 10,000-8,000 B.C.
THE NEW STONE AGE (Neolithic), c. 8,000-5,600 B.C. (later in Europe).

ancient egypt
EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD (dynasties I-II), c. 3000-2649 B.C.
•c. 3000 B.C.: Narmer (Menes; 1st dynasty).
THE OLD KINGDOM (dynasties III-VI), c. 2649-2155 B.C.
•c. 2668-2649 B.C .: reign of Zoser (3rd dynasty; had Step Pyramid at Saqqara built).
•c. 2589-2566 B.C.: reign of Cheops (4th dynasty; built largest pyramid at Giza, the Great Pyramid).
•c. 2558-2532 B.C.: reign of Chefren (4th dynasty; had second largest pyramid at Giza built).
•c. 2532-2504 B.C.: reign of Mycerinus (4th dynasty; had smallest pyramid at Giza built).
THE MIDDLE KINGDOM (dynasties XI-XIII), c. 2050-1750 B.C.
THE NEW KINGDOM (dynasties XVIII-XX), c. 1570-1070 B.C.
•c. 1350-1334 B.C .: reign of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)/Queen Nefertiti (18th dynasty).
•c. 1334-1325 B.C .: reign of Tutankhamen (“King Tut”; 18th dynasty).
•c. 1279-1212 B.C.: reign of Ramesses II (19th dynasty; also known as Ramesses the Great; may have
been the Biblical pharaoh who dealt with Moses).
LATE PERIOD (dynasties XXV-XXXI), c. 712-332 B.C.
•671 B.C.: Assyria conquers Egypt.
•332 B .C .: Alexander the Great conquers Persia and Egypt.
ROMAN PERIOD, 30 B.C.-395 A.D.
•30 B.C.: Cleopatra VII commits suicide; Egypt becomes part of Roman empire under Augustus.

SUMERIANS, c. 4000-2000 B.C.
•c. 2100 B.C.: King Urnammu (ziggurat at Ur).
BABYLONIANS, c. 1760-1600 B.C.
•c. 1792-1750 B.C.: Hammurabi (Code of Hammurabi).
ASSYRIANS, c. 1350-612 B.C.
•c. 1000-961 B.C.: Israelite kingdom established by King David.
•671 B.C.: Assyria conquers Egypt.
•626? B.C.: Ashurbanipal (palace at Nineveh) dies.
PERSIAN EMPIRE, c. 539-331 B.C.
•525 B.C.: Egypt falls to Persia.
•480 B.C.: Xerxes leads Persian army to Greece, burns the Acropolis.
•333 B .C .: Alexander the Great defeats Darius III at the Battle of Issus.
•330 B.C.: Greeks burn Persian capital in revenge for destruction of Acropolis.

ancient china
SHANG DYNASTY, c. 1766-1111 B.C.

indus valley
HARAPPAN CULTURE, c. 2300-1750 B.C.
•Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, twin administrative capitals (?)
•c. 1500 B.C .: Aryans invade, destroy, Harappan culture.

©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 1 Kissick/2ed
= work of art from Kissick; = work of art not from Kissick; = term; [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. number

Main hall. •c. sculpture 11.C. megalithic 20. = work of art not from Kissick. writing system developed.C . •c. •c. height 13’6” [1. [1. 6000-5500 B. solid shape drawing 7. Turkey.000-14. 1200 B.C . Venus of Willendorf. 2000 B.: palaces destroyed again (earthquake? invasion?). Limestone.C. Diameter of circle 97’. 6000 B. •c. 1700 B. female fertility figurine securing the homefront: the neolithic age 12. Image of a Hunter. Çatal Hüyük. Stonehenge. c.5] 10. (mainland Greece) •c. 2750-1300 B. Lascaux caves. height 4 1/2”. Paint on limestone.C. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. post and lintel ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 2 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick.C.000-25. works of art and architecture making images in the paleolithic age 1.1. England. 30.: Mycenaeans take over Crete. •c. Post and lintel construction. Neolithic 13. Phaistos.000 B.C. Paleolithic 3.8] 22. Black bull. nomadic the lascaux caves 4. •c.-1100 B. France. number . 2000 B. = term. Lascaux caves. (island of Crete) •c.: early inhabitants enter Greek peninsula. c.C. civilization 15.7] 21.4] 6. Houses and shrines in terraces.: several palaces built on Crete.C. [1. or “Hall of the Bulls.C .” c. minoans and mycenaeans MINOAN CULTURE.C. 16. Çatal Hüyük. 2000 B. 16. [1. contour drawing 8.C . Plan of Stonehenge.: Dorians invade Greece.000 B. and Mallia destroyed (earthquake?). France. [1. MYCENAEAN CULTURE.III.C. 16. c. line speed the venus of willendorf 9.: palaces rebuilt. 1628 B .C .C. 1450 B. architecture 19.C.000 B. [1.3] 5. 1600 B.: palaces at Knossos. Turkey. 1700-1450 B.7] 18.: eruption of volcano on island of Thera. Neolithic Revolution 14. Detail of wall painting in the main room of Shrine A. c. Salisbury Plain. c.C.-1375 B. prehistoric 2. 1450 B. c. c.000-14.6] stonehenge 17.C. [1.

length 1. Lower Egypt (papyrus) 23. mastaba 15. Aborigine rock painting. number . 2575 B. Temple of Ramesses II. self-referentiality 9. Sandstone. Limestone.C. 2700 B. Egypt. 2650 B. step pyramid the rise of egyptian civilization 16. detail 1. c.13] art and the development of more complex societies meaning and utility in monuments 7. [1. 2600 B. 1257 B. height 65’. Saqqara.1] 8. c. c.C. relief 20.D. 1400 B. c. Woman and Child. palette 21.C. intent 11.C. sphinx 30. The Great Pyramids at Giza.C. c. height 66”.C. Slate. from Giza. 19th century A. 27. c.15. [1. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. [1.C. Diorite. (left) Mycerinus c. 2540-2514 B.C. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 3 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. Arizona. The Great Sphinx at Giza. Ramesses II Holding Nubian. Sepik River. Jordan. height 61 cm. Fragment of a wall painting from the Tomb of Nebamun in Thebes.12] 6. [1.17] 14. c. width 54 1/2”. hieroglyph 24. Egypt. Egypt. 2470 B. length 240’. 17. 2500 B.C. prehistoric and primitive cultures 1. c. ka 12. c. 67’.C. 1300 B. 1912.10] 4. Kwayep of Bamana Village. Lifesize. Palette of King Narmer.9] 3. prehistoric 2. Wall relief from the Temple of Sethos I. 7000 B. Height 710’. Step Pyramid and Palace (restored) of King Zoser. [1.3 cm. Jericho. Libyan and Syrian Prisoners. 33. Fowling in the Marshes. pigment. = term.16] 13. from Giza. height 25 3/4”. = work of art not from Kissick. Abu Simbel. 3200 B. height 81. monuments to power 28. c. Musicians and Dancers. New Guinea. height 25”. Tempera on limestone.18] egyptian art and the idea of permanence 18.. [1. Cameroon.C.21] 29. audience 10. Fragment of a wall painting from the Tomb of Nebamun in Thebes. Upper Egypt (lotus) 22. Egypt: (right) Cheops c.11] 5. [1. symbol 31. Lifesize. Glen Canyon Dam. [1. Slate. Wood.560’ [1. c. Australia. Bamileke Kingdom. Plastered skull. [1. iconography 32. Chefren. Sculptures’ height approx. (center) Chefren c. c. Mycerinus and His Queen. [1. narrative 25. Neolithic plastered skull.20] 26. 1400 B.C. primitive vs. [1.19] 19. Woman and Child with lines showing circular motion of the composition.C. Abydos. Tempera on limestone.

labyrinth 24. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 4 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. Nineveh.C. [1. Limestone. number . height 19”. c. 1500 B. 1760 B. Bust of Queen Nefertiti. width 1 7/8”. = term. at Knossos. and Their Daughters.C. Ziggurat. height 7’4”. height 5 1/2”. 5. 2100 B. ziggurat 12. 20. cuneiform 10. height 3 1/3”. Gold. 1760 B. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig.C. height 21 1/4”. gypsum. Throne Room in the Palace of Minos. Limestone. mesopotamian cultures 6. Fire brick over mud bricks. c. c. height of tallest figures approx. 2. Statues from the Abu Temple. Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV). Harappan culture. [1. 1350 B. stele 9. Stele of Hammurabi. c.C. from North Palace of Ashurbanipal. 1340 B.C. [1. Faience. c. King Minos 22.26] ancient china 14. Wood with gold overlays and inlays of colored glass and semi-precious stones. c. Throne of King Tutankhamen. The Lion Gate. Height 8”.C. showing upper part of stele and the inscription of the Law Code. Limestone. 2700-2500 B. [1.C. 1600 B. cushion-shaped capital 25. Wasp pendant from Mallia. c. 1340 B. 1250 B. 14th century B. 1450 B. Crete. “The Toreador Fresco.” c. From Mahenjo-daro. Copper. width 15 1/4”. Funerary mask of Tutankhamen.C.28] 15. 3.C. height 11 5/8”. [1.32] 21. c. inlaid with semiprecious stones.C. lost-wax method the culture of the indus valley 17. Detail of the Stele of Hammurabi. Bronze vessel.C. c. Minotaur 23. Basalt. Akhenaten. from Knossos. 1700 B. c. 1365 B. c.29] the minoans and the mycenaeans 18.23] 7.C.22] 4.1. Limestone. height 14”. Ur.C. [1. Greece. Tell Asmar.31] 19. 1360 B. Figurine of a Young Woman. c. [1. [1. li-ting. 2300-1750 B. Queen Nefertiti. 210’ x 150’. Mycenae.C. 30”. Dying Lioness. = work of art not from Kissick.C. Painted limestone. piece mold method 16.25] 11.C. tapering shaft 26. 645-635 B.C. [1.24] 8. height 3’5”. alabaster. Snake Goddess (Priestess?). 13. Height 24 1/2” 27. Gold.

= term. giza Built by slaves or paid workers? _______________________________________ Approx. wide and ______ ft. study guide building the great pyramid khufu’s/cheops’ pyramid. high. _____________________________________________________________________ Wheel used for transporting blocks? _______________________________________ Method for raising the blocks into place: _______________________________________ Original height: _______________________________________ Today’s height: _______________________________________ Area covered: _______________________________________ Length of each side at base: _______________________________________ Orientation of sides: _______________________________________ Facing material: _______________________________________ Estimated time to finish the pyramid: _______________________________________ Napoleon’s scientists calculated that with the stones from the three Giza pyramids. number . _____________________________________________________________________ 2. = work of art not from Kissick. a wall could be built around all of France that would be _____ ft. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 5 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. number of stone blocks: _______________________________________ Average weight of each block: _______________________________________ Weight of heaviest blocks: _______________________________________ Joints between the blocks: _______________________________________ Tools used to cut the blocks: _______________________________________ Methods for moving the blocks: 1.

= work of art not from Kissick. 3. number . King Tutankhamen’s innermost coffin was made of solid __________. B) Silver. A) Gold. 5. A) 2 million. B) Tutankhamen’s. Which king’s mummy lay undisturbed into the modern day? A) Elvis’. A) Gold. How old was King Tutankhamen when he died? A) 8-9. 6. C) 3. D) In the Nile. D) 350. C) Platinum.500. 4. A small knife made out of __________ was found wrapped over King Tutankhamen’s heart. B) 1 million. D) The Scorpion King’s. D) Steel. Ancient Egyptian civilization lasted more than __________ years. D) 89-90. B) Under the Great Sphinx. D) Stone models of pyramids for supernatural power. 2. C) On the western side of the Nile. King Tutankhamen’s tomb was discovered in __________. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. C) Platinum. C) 48-49. 7. B) Silver. B) 18-19. Which of the following was not found in King Tutankhamen’s tomb? A) Toys. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 6 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. D) Cairo. video guide time life’s “lost civilizations”: “egypt: quest for immortality” 1. 8. C) Clay models of servants to wait on him in death. D) Steel. In 1922. C) Ramesses the Great’s. Where did the ancient Egyptians hope to be buried? A) In Cairo. = term. C) Mission Valley. A) The Valley of the Kings. B) Food. B) The Valley of Death.

C) English. as well as scientists and artists. = term. A) Greek. What artifact. which contained the same inscription in __________ and hieroglyphic. B) In the Valley of the Kings. number . A) Horse-drawn chariots. B) The Egyptians’ outer space ancestors. 17. C) The Rosetta Stone. C) Food producer. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 7 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. B) French. C) Tombs. Ramesses the Great (Ramesses II) fathered more than __________ children. C) King Narmer. In the Step Pyramid of King Zoser (Djoser). 12. which were later gutted and robbed. discovered by French troops. is considered one of the most significant archaeological finds of all time? A) The Lost Ark. Ramesses the Great (Ramesses II) was the greatest __________ in Egypt’s history. C) The Great Wall of China. B) Lighthouses for ships on the Nile. = work of art not from Kissick. The Pyramids at Giza. 15. allowed for the translation of ancient Egyptian writings. 10. C) 49. In 1798. were built as __________. D) Palaces for the living pharaoh. D) Falcon-Boy. 11. A) Temples. who brought his army. D) Holy man. D) 90. D) Pig-Latin. __________ most likely raised the pyramids’ stones into place. D) The Rolling Stones. B) 23. What was the very first stone building in all the world? A) The Step Pyramid of King Zoser (Djoser). D) Napoleon. C) Below the pyramid. 13. C) Aten. A) Inside the pyramid itself. C) Carts pulled by bulls. B) Judge. the king’s burial chamber is located __________. B) The Great Sphinx. B) The Great Pyramid of Khufu. D) On top of the pyramid. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) Horus. B) Alexander the Great. 18. D) Ramps.9. 14. D) The Colosseum in Rome. A) 8. to Egypt? A) George Washington. A) Builder. The Rosetta Stone. 16. Who is the falcon-god who brings power to the pharaohs? A) Amun.

ground up __________ were considered a powerful medicine and aphrodisiac. D) Buddha. C) Ramesses the Great. C) Cave dwellers from Lascaux. the things that really remind us of ancient Egypt’s humanity are the __________. = work of art not from Kissick. 20. 22. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 8 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. D) Disgruntled stepchildren. Some of the pyramids’ tomb robbers included members of the king’s own priesthood. 21. Although dazzling treasures and tombs survive. A) Beef. B) Pyramids. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) Narmer. A) The builders of the tombs themselves. thieves stole a giant stone head of __________ from a secluded temple. A) Gold statues. In 1992. number . C) Cats. D) Mummies. A) Tutankhamen. B) The king’s wives. D) Scarab beetles. B) Mummies. as well as ________. = term.19. In Medieval times. C) Temples.

ziggurat Pyramid Ziggurat Producing culture: Function of structure: Material in interior: Description of interior: Material on exterior: Description of exterior: Example: ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 9 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. = term. number . = work of art not from Kissick. study guide pyramid vs.

B) The Grateful Dead. C) Darius and Xerxes.. C) The Great Library at Nineveh. D) Giza. All of the following could be seen in the ancient city of Babylon except: A) The Ziggurat of King Urnammu. 4. B) The Hanging Gardens. part of the ancient Assyrian palace complex. legal code. B) Maidenform. 2. the armies of Nebuchadnezzar sacked Jerusalem and took the Israelite captives to _________. C) The Palette of King Narmer. the first of its kind. A) Nineveh. In 1947. The Great Library at Nineveh. D) The Garden of Eden.” 8. C) Hieroglyphics.” D) “A land of big. = term. 5. number . described a battle that was also mentioned in the Bible? A) The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. 3. C) Ur. How was ancient Assyria described in the Bible? A) “A land that never bathed. video guide time life’s “lost civilizations”: “mesopotamia: return to eden” 1. 7. D) Hammurabi. B) Israel. B) Babylon. C) The Ishtar Gate. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 10 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. Babylon’s written. D) India. B) Judge Judy. A) Cuneiform. was inscribed on a stele known as the Law Code of _____. Bedouin shepherds in present-day Israel discovered __________.C . Which of the following artifacts. D) The Tower of Babel. contained about 22. 6. strong men who liked to fight a lot. discovered in 1868 and now lost. A) Mesoamerica. = work of art not from Kissick. A) King Urnammu. which dated to the time of Christ.” B) “A land bathed in blood. C) Iraq.” C) “A land of blood donors. B) The Law Code of Hammurabi.000 clay tablets written in __________. D) The Moabite Stone. Ancient Mesopotamia lies in present-day __________. A) The Dead Sea Scrolls. D) Greek. In 586 B.

11. lush gardens. number . south of the ancient city of Ur. C) Babylon. Which ancient site has been referred to as the “first civilization on earth”? A) Sumer. which contained 74 skeletons. D) Bahrain. In the Epic of Gilgamesh. D) Citadel of Sargon II. B) The Garden of Eden. C) England. B) Assyria. describes a _________ similar to one mentioned in the Bible. A) Hell. = work of art not from Kissick. and snakes. or Grave Pits. C) Jerusalem. of Ur. B) Flood. all entombed at the same time. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 11 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. A) Hawaii. D) Thebes. which is about an ancient Sumerian hero. = term. 14. A) Ziggurat of King Urnammu at Ur. 10. Sir Leonard Woolley discovered the __________. 13. D) Coat of many colors. Dilmun is referred to as a Mesopotamian equivalent of __________. The Epic of Gilgamesh. a burial chamber containing two Assyrian queens was discovered beneath the floor of the ancient palace at __________. B) Ur. In 1989. B) Royal Tombs. D) Jerusalem. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. was once an “Eden-like” place with plenty of water. A) Crucifixion. D) The Tower of Babel. B) Tahiti. 12. C) Ten Commandments.9. C) Pyramids at Giza. A) Persepolis. The present-day island of __________. C) Nimrud.

becomes dictator of Rome.: the Persian Wars.: Roman conquest of Greece. 750-700 B. Sparta defeats Athens.C .C.C . philosopher.C.: revolt of slaves under Spartacus.: Macedonia becomes Roman province.C. •333 B. •384-322 B. 323-146 B.C. ARCHAIC PERIOD. •510 B.C. •30 B. Roman general.” emperor of Rome)-284 A.D.C.: Pericles leads Athenian state. •c. the dates in parenthesis following their names are their birth and death dates) THE ROMAN REPUBLIC.C . •146 B.C. 650 B. 500 B. ORIENTALIZING PERIOD. = term. 27 B. •264-201 B.: Egypt becomes a Roman province.C.C. 396 B. •776 B. 850 B.: Etruscans enter Italy.C .C. •c.: Plato. •500-480 B.C.C.: the Peloponnesian War.C . •c. = work of art not from Kissick. •Julius Caesar (c. •336 B. ancient rome (Note: The selected emperors are listed in the order of their reign.) becomes king of Macedonia. EARLY CLASSICAL PERIOD (Severe Style). •c.C.: rise of monumental architecture and sculpture in stone. c.C.C.: use of concrete as a primary building material occurs on a wide scale. •31 B. number .: Delian League formed. •Increased trade with Egypt and Near East. •323 B. 450-404 B. c.C. •490 B .: Athenians defeat Persians at the Battle of Marathon. •200-146 B.: Socrates. c.C. Greek city-states fight one another. 800-700 B.C. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 12 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick.C.). •330 B. 725-650 B.: Marc Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide in Egypt after Octavian (Augustus) defeats their navy in the Battle of Actium. c. (Octavian is given title “Augustus Caesar.C. c.C.C.: Greeks defeat Etruscans in a naval battle at Cumae.C .: Greeks burn Persian capital in revenge for destruction of the Acropolis. •478 B.: Persian army burns the Acropolis.: Rome destroys Carthage. 480-450 B.: first Olympic Games.C. •44 B.C .C. c. •480 B.C. period of high cultural accomplishment.C. HELLENISTIC PERIOD. •431-404 B .C. LATE CLASSICAL PERIOD (Pre-Hellenistic).C.: Alexander dies in Babylon. chapter guide the art of the classical world chronology ancient greece GEOMETRIC PERIOD. philosopher. •469-399 B. establish Roman Republic. 404-323 B. 650-480 B. 460-429 B.C. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig.: Alexander defeats Persian king Darius III at the Battle of Issus. 423-c. philosopher. 200 B. 101-44 B.: Alexander the Great (356-323 B.: Aristotle.: Romans rebel against Etruscans.: assassination of Caesar by Senators fearful of his power. THE ROMAN EMPIRE.C .C . •146 B.: red-figured vase painting gradually replaces black-figured technique. etruscans •c. (traditional dates): Homer composes the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. c.: Celtic invasions cause final collapse of Etruscan power.C.C.: Punic Wars waged between Rome and North African city of Carthage (Hannibal). 348 B. •c. 510 (Etruscans expelled from Rome)-27 B.C. •c. •474 B. CLASSICAL PERIOD (The Golden Age of Greece). •c. •73-71 B.

number .: birth of Jesus Christ. •452 A.: Constantine the Great (274-337 A.D. •323 A. Height 5’.C.D. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. idealism vs. allows Christians to practice freely.D.: Constantine moves capital east to Byzantium.D. •41-54 A. DECLINE AND FALL OF ROME. •Marcus Aurelius (121-180 A.). •476 A. •Hadrian (76-138 A.D. •455 A. perfect proportion ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 13 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. •Diocletian (245-305 A.C. [2.: Vandals sack Rome. •Vespasian (9-79 A.D.: Constantine issues Edict of Milan. Bronze. covers Pompeii and Herculaneum. •306 A. works of art and architecture 1. •13 B.: Constantine converts to Christianity. naturalism 5. open-form sculpture the art and ideas of ancient greece naturalism 4.: Roman Senate votes for Altar of Peace (Ara Pacis) to be constructed in Augustus’ honor.D.D .2] 3. Lord of the Dance.). •79 A.: Great Fire of Rome (beginning of persecution of Christians).D. Roman marble copy of a 4th cent. •389 A. sack Rome. renames city Constantinople. 330 B. Polyclitus’s Ideal Proportions.).: Visigoths.D. •4 B.D. •Nero (37-68 A.: Attila the Hun invades Italy.).D.D. •64 A. B. •30 A.: over 50.: Titus destroys Jerusalem.: Christianity becomes official religion of Roman Empire. = work of art not from Kissick. [2.D. •By 200 A.D.D. •27 B.C.: reign of Augustus (Octavian) (63 B. •70 A.D.D. 284 (Empire is decentralized between two rulers)-476 A.D.6] the human form 7. classicism 2.).D. Apoxyomenos (the Scraper). •313 A.D. Greek bronze original by LYSIPPUS.5] 6. Aphrodite of Cyrene. •Trajan (53-117 A.: last Roman emperor in the west is murdered.: Claudius rules Rome.D. = term.).C. •410 A.: paganism declared illegal by Theodosius.: Mount Vesuvius erupts.) defeats Maxentius and reunites Roman Empire.C .D.C. •Caracalla (188-217 A. •312 A.D. Roman marble copy of a c. c.).D.D. Marble.). Greek bronze original by PRAXITELES.000 miles of paved road built by Romans.). •Titus (34-81 A.D. Shiva Nataraja.-14 A.: crucifixion of Jesus Christ. 1000 A.D. height 6’9”.-14 A.7] 8. [2. [2. under Alaric.D. •393 A.

Marble. the origins of greek art: 1000-600 b. 750 B. c. [2. c. Island marble. Protogeometric amphora.c. Clay. 500-480 B. Anavysos Kouros. Geometric pitcher. = work of art not from Kissick. Italy. painted by Makron showing Paris abducting Helen.9] 3. 800 B.C. 750 B. 950 B. height 21 3/4”.16] 16. Kouros.C.13] 9. [2. Skyphos by Hieron. shaft 20.8] 2. sculpture 12.C.12] 6.17] 18. height 6’4”. c. Parian marble. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. c. black-figure style 15. c. peplos 11. [2.C.10] 4. pediment 22. 530 B.c. Doric order 19. c. Basilica at Paestum. height 21”. EXEKIAS. height 6’1 1/2”.C. Black figure vase.C. height 31 1/4”. Clay.C.C. [2. Dipylon vase (Attic geometric amphora). 600 B. [2. pottery 1. [2.C. = term. [2. c. Peplos Koré.14] vase painting 13. Detail of Dipylon vase showing stylized silhouettes. [2. kouros 7. koré 10. Clay. number . [2. Archaic smile archaic art: 600-480 b. red-figure style architecture 17. height 3’11 2/3”. c. capital 21.15] 14. height 59”. 525 B. 550 B. Components of the Doric order. 530 B.18] ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 14 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. [2. c. c.C.11] sculpture 5. [2. closed-form sculpture 8. Height 8 1/2”. The Suicide of Ajax.

[2. = term.C. height 2’9”. (or copy?). Height 5’.27] 16. 447-438 B. [2.C. Over lifesize. Height 2’9”. c. c.C. Discobolos (the Discus Thrower). [2. LYSIPPUS (attributed to). B. A. 480 B. cella 5. [2. [2. entasis 3.25] 12. 220 B. 230-220 B.C. [2. c. Roman marble copy of a 440 B. HAGESANDROS. 421-405 B.31] 26. contrapposto 14. Roman marble copy after a c. late classical and hellenistic art 20. [2. = work of art not from Kissick. 11.24] 10.C. 450 B. Doryphorus (the Spear Bearer). [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. realism 13. Greek bronze original.23] 9. [2. Barberini Faun. from the east pediment of the Parthenon. The Porch of the Maidens. Greek bronze original by POLYCLITUS. The Erechtheum. Child Playing with a Goose. 447-438 B. [2. ICTINUS and CALLICRATES. Roman marble copy of a c. [2. Lapith and Centaur.C. Lifesize. 18. Marble. Athens. 447-438 B. 21. Ionic order (double-scroll or volute) 7. classical architecture and the acropolis complex 1. from the Erechtheum.C. Components of the Corinthian order.22] 8. c. 310 B. Greek bronze original by MYRON. Plan of the Parthenon.28] 23. c.C. Marble.c. Marble. Dionysus. from the east pediment of the Parthenon. [2. [2. height 159 cm.C. Roman marble copy of a c. height 7’1”. Greek original. Marble.C. [5.20] 4. 1st half of the 2nd cent. Athens.C. number .C. Marble. Nike (Winged Victory) of Samothrace. c. 180-160 B. Marble. Greek composition. 421-405 B.C.37] ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 15 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. PRAXITELES.26] 15. Corinthian order classical sculpture: 479-323 b. [2.29] 24. over lifesize. 4’5” square. Bronze. c. ATHENODOROS. 320-300 B. B. height 8’. Hermes. over lifesize.30] 25.C.C. 22. metope from the south side of the Parthenon. Laocoön and His Two Sons. Roman portrait head of Alexander the Great. Acropolis. height 16”. Components of the Ionic order.32] 27. Acropolis. Height 6’6” [2. 17. The Parthenon. Marble.C. Roman marble copy of a 3rd cent. Marble. Dying Gaul.19] 2.21] 6. 440 B. 1st cent. The Getty Bronze (Statue of a Victorious Athlete).D. Three Goddesses. and POLYDORUS. Kritios Boy. “wet drapery” 19. height 8’.

30. [2. triumphal arch 19. number . Romulus and Remus the rise of rome: art of the republican era 10. A Patrician Holding Portrait Heads of his Ancestors.34] 3. c. The Porta Augusta. Concrete (originally faced with marble). Terracotta. = term. c. Marble. nave 31.16] 29. height 5’9”. forum 17. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. [2. Arch construction. Marble. Late 2nd cent. B. 72-80 A. Detail of the Ara Pacis (Augustae) showing the procession of the Imperial family.D. height 115’7”. height 47’4”. 520 B. diameters 620’ and 513’. c.D. Rome. [2. 15 B. Bronze. Ara Pacis (Augustae). [2.D. Terracotta. Basilica of Constantine. 520-500 B.C. 500 B. Rome. Interior of the Pantheon. 21. 118-128 A.33] 2. lifesize. Rome. Apollo. height 160’.C. Rome. 118-128 A. also known as the Colosseum.38] 12. [2.42] 20. Temple of Portunus (formerly called the Temple of Fortuna Virilis). Column of Trajan. Colossus of Nero 23. [2. Arch of Titus. height 33 1/2”.35] 4. The Pantheon. 81 A.36] 8. Marble. She-Wolf. length 6’7”. [2.44] 24.C. Plan of the Forums. 13-9 B.C.D.D. [2. Flavian Amphitheater. dome 26.D. keystone 7.40] 15. oculus 28. [3. Perugia. the transition to rome etruscan art 1. 81 A. Rome. 34’5” x 38’ x 23’. = work of art not from Kissick. Interior view of the Pantheon showing the dome.C. from the Portonaccio Temple in Veii. Marble.41] 18. [2. 13-9 B. [2. 9. Detail from the Arch of Titus showing the Menorah procession. Rome. c. outer wall approx. [2.43] 22. 310-320 A. apse ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 16 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. Rome. 2nd cent. drum 27. 16. Rome.D.37] 11. c. 106-113 A. aisle 32. engaged columns augustus and the empire architecture 13.C.C. true arch 5. voussoirs 6. Sarcophagus from Cerveteri.39] 14. c. [2.45] 25. [2. B.C. Height of portico 59’. c.

[2. Pompeii. = work of art not from Kissick. Rome.46. detail 2.1] 2. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. Mid-1st cent.C. B.47] ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 17 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. mural 3. Wall painting from the House of Augustus on the Palatine Hill. B. c. Ritual passage into a mystery religion. roman wall painting 1.C. 1st cent. Wall painting from the Villa of the Mysteries. number . [2. = term. The Room of the Masks.

©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 18 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick.C. from works that are _______________. Pottery includes _________________________ vase painting. violence and emotionalism. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. 480-323 B. 323-146 B. to other pieces that are overly __________ with an emphasis on __________.) “High point” of Greek art and architecture. Art of this period encompasses extremes. 650-480 B. study guide greek art periods geometric (c.C. People and animals are __________.) Pottery ornamented with __________ decoration. Figures are __________. = term. hellenistic (c.) Sculptures include _________________________ figures. _______________ (weight shift) shown for the first time. = work of art not from Kissick. with _______________ faces. number .C. archaic (c. classical (c. 800-700 B.C.) Period initiated by the conquests of ____________________.

study guide kouros vs. kore Kouros Kore Definition: Nude or clothed? Freestanding or relief? Material: Original color: Original location: Example: ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 19 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. = work of art not from Kissick. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. number . = term.

= work of art not from Kissick. = term. number . study guide plan of a typical roman basilica d e c e d f 1 _________________________ 2 _________________________ 3 _________________________ 4 _________________________ ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 20 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig.

study guide greek vs. roman architecture Greek Roman Const. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. order: Most famous temple: Dedicated to: Location: Ceremonies took place: ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 21 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. = work of art not from Kissick. number . = term. method/material: Preferred archit.

= work of art not from Kissick. video guide time life’s “lost civilizations”: “greece: a moment of excellence” 1. C) Polyclitus. the huge statue of Athena held a six-foot statue of __________ in her hand. D) Galileo. B) Plato. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 22 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. 2. A) Russia. B) Female. 3. A) Male. B) Persia. B) In a chamber beneath the temple. C) Aphrodite (or Artemis). A) Elvis. C) Aristotle. 4. At the Parthenon. Although Athens was democratic. 6.000 __________ citizens could vote. A) Phidias. with monuments decorated by the greatest Greek sculptor: __________. D) Victory. D) Dionysus (or Mars). only the 30. In the Parthenon.. B) Exekias. where were sacrifices performed? A) At the foot of the great statue of Athena. in front of the temple. = term. C) Egypt. D) Right-handed. D) Gingivitis. In 1928. Which of the following philosophers was not part of Greece’s Classical Age? A) Socrates. C) European. B) Zeus. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. many Greek city-states turned to Athens for protection from their mutual enemy __________. off the coast of a Greek island.C. D) Mycenae. 7. 5. During the fifth-century B. The Acropolis was rebuilt within fifty years. sponge collectors found the submerged statue of the Greek god ___________. C) Outside. A) Athena (or Aphrodite). C) Defeat. D) In the priests’ rooms. number . B) Poseidon (or Zeus).

every Greek athlete had to __________ in front of the god’s statue before competing. 18. Which god had female followers called “maenads”? A) Athena. = term. A) Athens. D) By hanging upside down and letting the blood rush to her head. A) Manslaughter. 10. B) Hair style. D) By running around in circles for half an hour. 9. In 430 B . B) Aphrodite. D) Olympia. D) Temple. C) France. B) Atlanta. C) Moses. 13. B) Dionysus. men competed in the nude. D) Cheating in the Olympic Games. D) Be tested for steroids. True or false? 17. At Greek sporting events.8. B) Mohammed. True or false? 14. a plague from __________ swept through Athens. C) Corrupting the minds of the young. D) Africa. a beautiful __________ was as important as a brilliant mind.. B) Sacrifice a horse. C) Rome. B) Cheating on a final exam. 15. C) Body. as well as the other gods? A) Poseidon. A) Wife. C) Dionysus. 12. Which Greek god ruled the world. D) The Wizard of Oz. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 23 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. 16. The Great Temple of Apollo at Delphi was home to which “prophet”? A) The Oracle of Delphi. D) Brad Pitt. C) Chant “Zeus is great” 776 times.C . A) Sparta. number . 11. homosexuality was forbidden by law. In Athens. To the Greeks. C) Zeus.C. How did the Oracle of Delphi get into her visionary trance? A) By chewing hallucinogenic leaves. The philosopher Socrates was found guilty of __________ and was sentenced to death by poison. The most important games in Greece were held every four years in __________ beginning in 776 B. At the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. = work of art not from Kissick. B) By smoking pot. killing one-third of the population. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) Rome. A) Pray. D) Apollo.

B) British Museum. 21. number . ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 24 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick.C . = work of art not from Kissick. Where are these marbles today? A) The Louvre.000. C) Sparta. It’s extraordinary that a society of only __________ Athenian men and women living 500 years before Christ could influence the world so dramatically. D) 6. Paul Getty Museum. A) Olympia. C) The Timken Museum of Art. Lord Elgin removed many reliefs and sculptures from the Parthenon.000. 20. For half a century. Athens battled __________ for dominance over Greece. C) 70. Paris. London.. Athens was defeated. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) Crete. D) The J. B) 6. In 1803. In 404 B . D) Egypt. San Diego.000. Los Angeles. A) 700. = term.19.000.

B) Death. Peoples conquered by the Romans had a choice between peaceful occupation or __________. C) Mandatory Latin classes. D) Sheeba. number . A) Life. = term. video guide time life’s “lost civilizations”: “rome: the ultimate empire” 1. = work of art not from Kissick. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) She-pig.000. 7. A) Colosseum. the highlight of the day’s shows were the __________. A) Bloody resistance. 2. thumbs up meant __________. B) Britain. only the __________ survives intact. B) Parthenon. C) She-male. Roman armies conquered an empire from Afghanistan to __________. C) Let the games begin. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 25 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. from North Africa to Germany. Of all Rome’s monumental structures. 4. D) 8. C) India. D) Free peanuts. D) Neutrality. D) More beer. D) Pantheon. B) Qualcom Stadium. A) Women’s wrestling matches. A) Pantheon. A) She-wolf. Queen of the Jungle. B) Fireworks shows. A) China. were nurtured by a __________. 5. 8. The __________’s opening ceremonies lasted one hundred days. The legendary twins who founded Rome. Romulus and Remus. 6. B) 50. C) Forum of Augustus.000 C) 3. D) America. D) Colosseum.000. In the Colosseum. How many people usually watched a spectacle in the Colosseum? A) 50. B) High taxes. 3. C) Senate. C) Gladiator fights. At the Colosseum.

D) Wives and children.9. number . D) Military. C) Legions. 16. D) Caltrans. D) Arch of Constantine. A) The emperor Hadrian. 12. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 26 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. A) Amphitheaters. 14. B) Pantheon. C) Astrodome. 10. 13. C) Senate. = term. you would have found soldiers. the first of the Roman empire? A) Elvis.. The backbone of Rome’s rule was her __________. D) Temples.C. B) Nero. C) Ictinus and Callicrates. D) Polyclitus. C) Greek slaves. B) Children. D) Caesar. At Roman forts. A) Prisoners. The Pantheon was created by __________. B) The Great Wall of China. C) A primitive telegraph system. A) Parents. Roman __________ were situated along trade routes to protect caravans and their goods from bandits. Which Roman structure has the largest curved ceiling of the ancient world? A) St. B) Bloody gladiatorial games. The greatest military barrier of the Western world is __________. C) Mark Antony. C) Aqueducts. In 45 B. 18. as well as their __________. B) Forts. 17. Who was Caesar’s adopted son and successor? A) Constantine B) Augustus. C) Hadrian’s wall. What allowed the Roman army to react quickly to enemy attacks? A) A network of roads. = work of art not from Kissick. A) Art. who declared himself dictator. D) Greg Brady. 15. 11. A) The Great Barrier Reef. D) Three-wheeled chariots. D) Hoover Dam. B) Scouts in hot air balloons. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. B) Julius Caesar. C) Constantine. Roman __________ built paved highways and roads throughout the Roman empire. B) Personal trainers. Peter’s.

B) Native American. D) 2. A) Rome. 23.19.. laws. number . A) Gold ingots. statues. Roman words. C) 200. 22. 21. A) Architecture. C) Chinese. the volcano Vesuvius erupted and covered __________. B) Cosmetic. A) Arctic. and lots of __________ were preserved in the ancient city of Pompeii. = work of art not from Kissick. B) Graffiti. By the end of the third century A. A) Prostitution. C) Paper money.000. C) Pompeii. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. the Persians were pushing at the eastern frontiers of the Roman empire.D . On August 24. D) German. D) Egypt. 24. B) Foods. = term. D) Clothing. Frescoes. B) 25. 20. C) Clothing styles. and the __________ tribes in the north were moving toward Rome. ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 27 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. The two most common jobs for women in ancient Rome were working in the cloth trade or the _________ trade.. A) 6. and __________ still shape the world today. D) Transportation methods. The Peace of Augustus lasted for __________ years. B) Crete. D) Daycare.D . C) Medical. 79 A .

relief 19. idealism 50. Parthenon 13. Pompeii 14. Doric order 37. bronze casting 29. iconography 49. Erechtheum 41. as well as in the glossaries at the end of each chapter (terms in the glossaries are underlined). Hellenistic 48. You can find definitions to these terms in your readings. Pantheon 12. Stonehenge 23. prehistoric 16. Flavian Amphitheater 44. Harappan 47. red-figure style 20. contrapposto 33. Doryphorus (Spear Bearer) 38. Ionic order 2. contour drawing 32. Bust of Queen Nefertiti 30. Etruscans 42. koré 3. 1. kouros 4. number . realism 18. naturalism 8. Stele of Hammurabi 22. Venus of Willendorf 25. Arch of Titus 27. engaged columns 40. [number in brackets] = Kissick’s fig. Anavysos Kouros 26. Minoans 7. black-figure style 28. cuneiform 35. Exekias 43. Corinthian order 34. ziggurat ©2005 Mark Hudelson Page: 28 Kissick/2ed = work of art from Kissick. Shang dynasty 21. closed-form 31. Kritios Boy 5. Great Pyramids at Giza 46. = term. = work of art not from Kissick. Titles of works of art are in italics. open-form 10. Lascaux 6. which you will take in class. Palette of King Narmer 11. post and lintel 15. test guide first quiz terms The following represents the list from which I will draw 25 terms and works of art for the first quiz. Nike-Winged Victory of Samothrace 9. pyramid 17. Great Sphinx 45. Discobolos (Discus Thrower) 36. Sumerians 24. Dying Gaul 39.