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Residence: A 20, B. K. Avenue, Survey No. 87/10-A, Azad Nagar, New D. P. Road, Opposite Paranjape School, Kothrud, Pune, 411 038, India Phone: +91 (20) 6561 5594, 9422009406 [Office] 98222 86682 [Personal Mobile]

Office: Tata Institute of Social Sciences, V. N. Purav Marg, Deonar, Mumbai, 400088 Phone: +91 (22) 2556 3289/3290 (Ext. 324) e-mail: subodhwagle@gmail. com



College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy, University of Delaware, USA


Area of Concentration: Energy and Environmental Policy


B. Tech.

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay, India, Branch: Mechanical Engineering

May 1982


Professor, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

Trustee and President, Prayas, Pune, India

Core Team Member, Energy Group, Prayas

Group Coordinator, Resources and Livelihoods Group, Prayas

Adjunct Faculty, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, USA

Adjunct Faculty, Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

Member, Board of Studies, School for Rural Development, Tata Institute of Social Sciences

Member, Steering Committee, Rural Campus, Tata Institute of Social Sciences

October 2007 to Present

July 1995 to Present

July 1999 to October 2006

November 2000 to Present

May 2003 to Present

August 2006 to September


August 2006 to Present

April 2006 to Present

About Prayas and Work at Prayas

Prayas is a registered non-profit organization working for protecting and promoting the broader public interests in the sectors of energy, health, resources and livelihoods (or environment and development), and learning and parenthood. The focus of the organization is on providing services and support to disadvantaged sections of society as well as to organizations working for these sections, in the areas of generation, dissemination, and application of strategically relevant knowledge. The activity portfolio of the organization includes: research, analysis, conceptualization, articulation of conceptual and policy formulations, documentation, publication, public education, advocacy, capability building and training, and knowledge support and facilitation. The organization is trying to enhance its own efficacy by developing new models in the conceptual, organizational, and strategic spheres.

Four independent groups within the organization work in the four sectors mentioned above. The main focus of the activities of the Energy Group of Prayas (or PEG) has been on four themes: (i) techno- economic, financial analysis and regulatory intervention, (ii) electricity sector policy analysis and advocacy for public interest, (iii) capacity building and training of civil society and other actors, (iv) building perspective and knowledge-bases required. PEG has been a pioneering civil society group active in the electricity sector. It has many unique attributes, including its comprehensive and consistent work on key strategic issues, emphasis on broader public interest, its perspective of ‘people-centered governance’, and the range of strategies it uses. PEG also has many significant

achievements to its credit, such as its impact on the Enron controversy, considerable success in regulatory interventions, impact on policy development in the sector, and development and articulation of a new conceptual perspective. The group consists of four core team members and some research and support staff. Dr. Wagle is one of the members of the Core Team, who nurtured and developed the group and made significant contribution to its successes. Though most Prayas outputs carry joint credits, some of the outputs (publications, documents, workshops, and presentations) in which Dr. Wagle played primary or significant role are listed later.

The Resources and Livelihoods (or ReLi) Group of Prayas has been working in the areas of development, environment, and governance and at the perspective, policy, and practice levels. The main focus is on generating and processing knowledge to create strategically useful ‘knowledge- bases’ and ‘knowledge-products’ that are useful, especially, for civil society activists at the state and grassroots levels. This is often done in collaborative or participatory manner. The ‘knowledge-bases’ and derived products are then used for conducting ‘down-stream’ activities aimed at public and media education, lobbying and advocacy, and at building perspective and capabilities of different stake- holders. Though comparatively young (started in November 2000), the group has been able to create its mark in different areas, such as, (a) perspective and discourse building on alternative development, (b) advocacy on disaster management and employment guarantee scheme, and (c) sustainable cultivation practices for poor. Dr. Wagle has single-handedly conceived and developed the ReLi Group of Prayas, which now has fourteen professionals from different disciplines. In the last six years, Dr. Wagle has led thirteen major research, analysis, and advocacy projects funded by UNDP, the Planning Commission, and some major foundations in diverse areas such as: sustainable agriculture for poor, discourse building on alternative development, analysis of government development schemes, development of planning and governance tools, employment guarantee scheme, disaster management, and land productivity and rights. This work has created about forty major ‘knowledge-products,’ including research reports and papers, analytical reports, policy documents, and public-education documents.

The main responsibilities handled by Dr. Wagle over the years in Prayas include: (i) research and analysis, especially at perspective and policy levels, (ii) articulation of various elements of the two perspectives that evolved from research and actual experience, (iii) conceiving, designing, and guiding research and analysis projects, (iv) strategizing, developing, and providing support for conducting ‘down-stream’ activities, (v) designing, developing, and conducting capability building activities, (vi) nurturing and mentoring a group of young researchers in the ReLi group.

The particular role Prayas has taken upon itself requires that it uses diverse approaches for outreach and impact. The focus, on most occasions, is on simplifying the knowledge and presenting it often in the local language, in order to make it amenable to a wide range of sections of society. Sometimes, the focus is on reaching out to and influencing a limited or select group of decision and opinion makers. Accordingly, instead of academic journals, other types of outreach media are used more frequently.

About Work at IIT, Bombay

Since August 2006, Dr. Wagle has been working as an Adjunct Faculty at the Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA), IIT, Bombay on the part-time basis (two or three days a week). His primary responsibility has been to provide assistance and support to the Head, CTARA in developing the master’s program in technology and development. Dr. Wagle contributed significantly to conceiving and preparing conceptual documentation for the proposed program as well as to preparation of the broader design and the two-year course calendar for the program. He also contributed significantly to the allied activities such as:


organizing and making presentations in the meeting of the associated faculty from the institute,


conceptualization and implementation of the process of obtaining feedback on the program design from a range of outside experts and authorities

Apart from this, Dr. Wagle worked on organization of various institute-level activities in order to provide necessary visibility and acceptance to the proposed program, including:


Substantive and logistical inputs for planning the Energy Seminar in the “Think Policy Conference” organized on the occasion of the Pan-IIT Event.


Institute Colloquium on Climate Change by Prof. John Byrne, Director of Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, USA


Organizing an informal group of institute faculty interested in policy issues

An innovative idea of a multi-stakeholder partnership in disaster management in Maharashtra was conceived and operationalized by Dr. Wagle with involvement of two interdisciplinary centers at IIT, Bombay, JTCDM of TISS, Maharashtra Economic Development Council, Oxfam, and Prayas.

In addition to providing support for research and field activities by other faculty members, Dr. Wagle made significant contribution to writing the Vision Document for CTARA, in preparation to the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of IIT Bombay.


Associate Professor

Officiating Director

Indian School of Political Economy, Pune, India

Major themes for research: Power and Energy Sector Policies in India; Proposals for Alternative Development in Energy and Water Sectors; and Environmental Struggles in Rural India

Conceiving and organization of workshops, seminars, and training programs

Coordination of School’s public education activities

December 1996 to June 1999

May 1998 to June 1999

Research Associate,

Center for Energy and Environmental Policy (CEEP), University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Assisted Director, CEEP in advising Working Group III of the United Nations sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Analyzed issues of environmental sustainability and international equity that accompany climate change policy options.

Participated in designing and conducting the training program “Certificate in Sustainable Development for Managers” for mid-career officials from Indian Administrative Service as well as from Indian corporate sector and academia.

Assisted Director, CEEP in developing two graduate level courses: “Political Economy of Environment” as well as “Sustainable Development: History, Debate, and Its Future.”

Participated in two conferences of National Association of Science, Technology, and Society (USA)

As a doctoral student, undergone four lecture courses related to themes in the area of technology, society, environment, and development.

September 1992 to May 1994 September 1995 to November 1996

Doctoral Fellow,

Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

Conducted a field-study for dissertation research in India. Extensively interviewed grassroots-level activists working on environment and development issues in the western part of the state of Maharashtra in India. Studied two development controversies in the area: Saradar Sarovar Project (Narmada Dam) and Enron’s Dabhol Power Project.

September 1994 to May 1995

Worked in India with a non-profit organization, Prayas, carrying out public interest policy research. Participated in techno-economic analysis of the power purchase agreement and analysis of other policy issues that were raised in the controversy over Enron’s power project in Maharashtra, India.

June 1989 to July 1992

Pune, Maharashtra, India

Consultancy and research in the fields of energy, environment, and development. Worked on research projects in the areas of rural energy and renewable energy including a project to evaluate a wood-gasifier dissemination program in the state of Maharashtra.

Independent Consultant,

Project Coordinator,

Managaon Plantations, Maharashtra, India (A non-governmental, multi-program rural development project)

Conceived, designed, and implemented various schemes and projects in the areas of agro-forestry, horticulture, sericulture, animal husbandry, low-cost construction, and low-cost irrigation. Adapted various new techniques and methods developed in laboratories and research centers to actual field conditions in order to provide employment to local farmers and tribal youths from surrounding areas as well as to involve them in dissemination of these new techniques.

April 1985 to May 1989

April 1984 to March 1985

Center for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India

Assisted in evolving the action plan for the newly established Center.

Worked on establishing formal and informal linkages between the Center and government and non- government field agencies in the coastal area of Maharashtra.

Assisted in research projects including analysis of rural energy consumption survey, evaluation of Integrated Rural Energy Program of the Planning Commission, and dissemination of solar dryers through voluntary agencies.

Senior Research Assistant,

Rural Technology Volunteer,

Consortium on Rural Technology, Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi, India

Worked with voluntary agencies on short-term assignments in the fields of social forestry, lift irrigation cooperatives, and industrial water pollution in rural areas in order to obtain direct exposure and first-hand experience of handling problems in technological interventions for development of rural areas.

December 1982 to March 1984

Senior Research Assistant,

Center for Rural Development & Appropriate Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India

Worked with a village community on field-testing and dissemination (demonstration and training) of efficient “LORENA” model cook-stoves using firewood.

July 1982 to November 1982


The first ‘Alumni Achievement Award’ from Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, USA, April 2005

George Herbert Ryden Prize for the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation in Social Sciences awarded by the University of Delaware, USA. August 1997

Mark A. Haskell Award awarded by the College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy, University of Delaware, for “consistently superior performance in the area of political economy,” April 1995

Graduate (Doctoral) Fellowship of University of Delaware (1994-1995)


Electricity Sector Policies, Reform, and Regulation

“Assessing Infrastructure Reform for the Social Development Content” (to be published).

“Power Politics at the Mercy of Vested Interests” in the book Beyond the Market: The Future of Public Services, edited by Daniel Chavez Transnational Institute, Amsterdam and Public Services International Research Unit, London, February 2006

Electricity Sector Reforms in Asia: Experiences and Strategies, edited this compilation of selected papers prepared for the Asia Power Sector Reforms Workshop organized jointly by Prayas, Transnational Institute (Amsterdam) and Focus on Global South (Bangkok), April 2004

“A Note on the Discussion Paper on Rural Electrification by Ministry of Power, Government of India,” unpublished note widely circulated in policy and civil society circles, January 2004

The Base Document on the Public Participation Model for Power Sector Reforms in Maharashtra an

unpublished document written for internal use for public education and advocacy activities, December


Privatization or Democratization: The Key to the Crises in the Electricity Sector: Case of Maharashtra a document published by Prayas, June 2003

Protecting Public Interest through New Regulatory Instruments in the Electricity Sector: A Case Study of Prayas' Efforts in the State of Maharashtra, India, an unpublished document written for limited circulation November 2002

The Reform Process and Regulatory Commissions in the Electricity Sector: Developments in Different States of India, edited this compilation of selected papers and presentations made during the ‘Event on the Power Sector Reforms’ organized by Prayas and Focus on the Global South, Mumbai, India, October 2001

“The Real Challenge in Power Sector Restructuring: Instilling Public Control through TAP” Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. V, No. 3, pps. 95-102, September 2000

Regaining Rationality through Democratization: A Critical Review of MDBs’ Power Sector Activities in India, the document written as the ‘Country Report’ for the multi-country “MDB Energy Project,” June


“Promoting Public Interest: Civil Society Institutions and the Independent Regulatory Agencies in the Electricity Sector” a note submitted to the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, 1999

“Accountability: The Real Crisis in the Power Sector Left Unaddressed,” an unpublished article, May


“Regulation in the WB-Orissa Model: Cure Worse Than Disease” in Economic And Political Weekly, Vol. XXXIII, No. 17, dated April 25, 1998

“SEB Privatization: Transcending the Issue of Ownership” in the Economic and Political Weekly (October 4, 1997).

Reviewed Papers as a Referee

“Rural electrification in India: Is there a case for separate rural tariffs?” written for the journal Utilities Policy edited by Dr. Don C. Smith and published from Denver, Colorado, USA, April 2006

“A Decade of Energy Sector Reform in India: A Study of Socio-Economic and Environmental Sustainability” written for the special issue of the Journal of Cleaner Production on the ‘Sustainability of Energy Sector Reforms in Developing Countries’, published by Elsevier and edited by Prof. James Haselip of Imperial Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT), London, September 2005

Enron Controversy

“Restarting Dabhol: Who Will Bear the Costs? And Why?” in Economic and Political Weekly, June 18, 2005 pp. 2594-2599

“The Enron Disaster” in India Infrastructure Report 2002 published by IDFC and 3i Network, 2003

Battling Enron in India: A Case Study of the Second Phase of the Controversy over Enron’s Dabhol Power Project in India (December 2000 to January 2001), an unpublished document written for limited circulation, June 2002

“TNCs as Aid Agencies? Enron and the Dabhol Power Plant” in The Ecologist vol. 26, No. 4: 179-184 July/August 1996

The Enron Story: Controversial Issues and People’s Struggle, a monograph published by Prayas, Pune, June 1996

“Enron Renegotiations: Bungling By the Government” in Economic and Political Weekly, vol. xxx no. 49: 3127-28, 9th December 1995

“Dabhol Project PPA: Structure and Techno-economic Implications” in Economic and Political Weekly, vol. XXX, no. 24: 1449-55, 17th June 1995

The Enron Controversy: Techno-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications, a collection of five papers published by Prayas, Pune, India, June 1995

Sustainability and Livelihoods Issues

“The Long March for Livelihoods: Struggle against the Narmada Dam in India” in book series Energy and Environmental Policy, Volume 8 edited by John Byrne, Lee Glover, Cecilia Martinez published by Transaction Publications, London, 2002

“Energy, Development and Women” in the book Nurturing Nature: Women at the Centre of Natural and Social Regeneration, ed. Chhaya Datar, Earth Care Books, Bombay, 2000

Alternative Development: Models and Issues, a document prepared for the meeting of the National Alliance of People’s Movements, 1999

“Environmental Movements in India: A Critique and a Note” in Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (January - March 1999)

“Development Alternative in Institutional and Knowledge Spheres” a review article in Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (October-December 1998)

“The Political Dynamics of Grassroots Environment-Development Struggles: The Case-Study of the Struggle against the Enron Power Project” in the Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (January - March 1998)

“The Political Dynamics of Grassroots Environment-Development Struggles: The Case -Study of the Struggle against the Narmada Dam” in the Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (July - September 1997)

“Autonomous Development: A Radical ‘Political’ Critique of the Conventional Development Paradigm” a review article in Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (April - June 1997)

“Whither Indian Environmentalism?” a review article in Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, (January - March 1997)

“Distributing Costs of Global Climate Change” in IEEE Technology and Society, Spring 1994, pp. 17-


“Sustainable Development: Some Interpretation, Implications, and Uses”, Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society (vol. 13, no. 6): 314-323. Paper presented at the Eighth Annual Conference

of National Association of Science, Technology, and Society at Washington DC in January 1993.

Governance and Citizenship

“Direct Public Involvement in Governance: Making Disaster Management Effective, Efficient, and Sensitive”, unpublished, jointly written paper for the First India Disaster Management Congress, New Delhi, January 2007.

“Disaster Management: New Role for Civil Society Organizations in the Changing Macro-Reality”, unpublished, jointly written paper for the First India Disaster Management Congress, New Delhi, January 2007.

“Assessing Electricity Sector Reform for the Social Development Content: Using Guidelines from World Bank Literature”, unpublished document, August 2006.

“Revisiting Good Governance: Asserting Citizens’ Participation and Politics in Public Services” in Beyond the Market: The Future of Public Services, edited by Daniel Chavez, Transnational Institute, Amsterdam and Public Services International Research Unit, London, February 2006.

“Ensuring Public Confidence and Ownership of Hydro-Policy: Transparency, Accountability, and Participation in Policy Making” a note prepared for Ministry of Power, Government of India, June 2005

“Beyond the State and the Market” in special issue of journal Seminar on ‘New Priorities: A Symposium on Social Agenda for India’, September 2004

“Public Control through Regulation: Role of Civil Society,” unpublished paper written for Transnational Institute, Amsterdam, December 2002


Conceived and conducted (solely or jointly)

“National Workshop on Electricity Act” organized jointly by Center for Public Policy of IIM Bangalore and Prayas at Pune, July 2005

A state-level workshop on the “Issues in the Electricity Act” organized by Prayas at Pune, June 2005

A workshop for the staff of the World Bank at the Washington D.C. headquarters titled “Participation

and Transparency: Improving Infrastructure Regulation,” April 2005

An international ‘Think-Share Workshop’ titled “Neglected Dimensions of Electricity Sector Restructuring: Equity, Sustainability, Governance, and Institutions” organized jointly by Center for Public Policy of IIM Bangalore and Prayas at Pune, January 2005

A strategy workshop for country representatives of the Climate and Energy Program (Asia and

Pacific) of WWF at Bangkok, July 2004

A ‘Skill-Share Workshop’ on “Power Sector Reforms” for Indonesian NGOs organized jointly by

Prayas and WWF (Climate and Energy Program) at Jakarta in September 2003

An Asia-level workshop titled “Electricity Sector Reforms in Asia: Experiences and Strategies” at Bangkok organized jointly by Prayas, Transnational Institute (Amsterdam) and Focus on Global South (Bangkok) in October 2002

A national workshop titled “Event on Power Sector Reform’ in Mumbai organized jointly by Prayas

and Focus on Global South (India Chapter) in December 2000

Presentations and Participation in Conferences and Seminars

“Making NREGS Work in Maharashtra: Challenges and Future Work” presentation made at the national workshop titled “Implementation of NREGA: Experiences and Ways Forward”, organized by

Society for Participatory Research in Asia, New Delhi, 1


June 2006

“Lesson for NREGS from Maharashtra,” the presentation made at the workshop titled ‘Facilitating NREGA: Responses from Civil Society Groups’ organized by Oxfam Family organizations, New Delhi, April 2006

Participated in deliberations of the workshop titled “Developing Institutions for Public Accountability in Urban Services” organized by ‘Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)’ of the World Bank, New Delhi, February 2005

Presentation titled “Democratic Governance: Key to Sector Reforms” made in the cluster titled ‘Good Governance and Sector Management’ in the Ministerial Conference on Energy for Development at The Hague (Netherlands) hosted by the Government of Netherlands, 14th to 16th December 2004 (Prayas was one of the three official invitees from civil society)

Participated in deliberations of the ‘International NGO Conference on Energy for Development’, at Amsterdam hosted by HIVOS and NSM of the Netherlands, 9th to 11th December 2004

“The Prayas Initiative and Accountability Framework” presentation made at the workshop titled “Enhancing Citizens’ Voice and Client Power” organized by ‘Water and Sanitation Program’ of the World Bank at New Delhi, March 2004.

“Comprehensive Strategy for Social Movements for Resources: Combining Rights, Productivity, and Capabilities” and “Comments on the Thesis Document of the Energy Platform” presentations made at the conference of the Energy Platform created by Latin American NGOs, held at Cartagena, Colombia, September 2003

Presentation commenting on the draft World Bank study report in the workshop entitled “Concluding Workshop on Study of Power Sector Restructuring and Poor” organized by the World Bank, New Delhi, December 2002

Delivered ‘C. B. Joshi Memorial Lecture’ of ‘Bombay Geographic Association’ on “Maharashtra Power Sector: Crisis and the Privatization Panacea,” October 2002

“Development and Democracy: Core Social and Political Concerns” presentation made at the

conference titled ‘Power Sector Reform and Privatization’ organized by the World Bank Institute, May


“Reforms in the Indian Electricity Sector: Resisting the World Bank Model” presentation made at the workshop organized by Both Ends, Amsterdam, August 2000

“SEB Reforms and Power Sector Regulation: A Civil Society Perspective” presentation at the

workshop organized by the Independent Power Producers’ Association of India, Mumbai, November


“Destruction of Rural Livelihoods and Marginalization of Rural Women: Role of Energy in the Problems and Prescriptions,” the paper presented at the VIII th National Conference on Women Studies (30th May 1998 to 2nd June 1998)

Conducted sessions for the UGC Faculty Refresher Courses organized by Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, Departments of Economics and Department of Geography of University of Mumbai, Department of Sociology and Women’s Studies Center of University of Pune

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