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AA-0061-B/16-Feb-98

Digital Governor System, DGS-8800e


Sulzer RTA engines
Denis version

Instruction Manual

Department/Author: Approved by:

___________________ ____________________
Øyvind Tellefsen Morten Hasås

ã 2022 KongsbergNorcontrol as
All rights reserved
No part of this work covered by the copyright
hereon may be reproduced or otherwise copied
without prior permission from
Kongsberg Norcontrol as

Digital Governor, DGS 8800e, Denis version - Instruction Manual


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-Intentionally left blank-

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DOCUMENT STATUS

Issue No. Date/Year Inc. by Issue No. Date/Year Inc. by


P0 31-Aug-93 GAM
A 27-Jun-94 BGJ
B 16-Feb-98 MOH

CHANGES IN DOCUMENT

Issue ECO Paragraph Paragraph Heading/


No. No. No. Description of Change
A First issue
B AAE 000034 Document updated, NSD ch. to WNSCH

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section Page
1. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION....................................................................................................................1
1.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1.1 Regulator functions...............................................................................................................2
1.1.2 Actuator Function.................................................................................................................2
1.1.3 System configuration.............................................................................................................3
1.2 SYSTEM UNITS........................................................................................................................ 4
1.2.1 Digital Governor Unit, DGU................................................................................................4
1.2.2 Digital Servo Unit (DSU)......................................................................................................5
1.2.3 TRAFO 001............................................................................................................................6
1.2.4 Electric actuator, ELACT 001..............................................................................................7
1.2.5 Equipment Location..............................................................................................................8
1.3 MAIN SPECIFICATION............................................................................................................... 8
1.3.1 Input and output data-channels............................................................................................8
1.3.2 Logic input signals................................................................................................................8
1.3.3 Power Positioning Characteristics.......................................................................................9
1.4 MODE SELECTIONS................................................................................................................. 10
1.4.1 NORMAL mode...................................................................................................................10
1.4.2 IDLE mode...........................................................................................................................10
1.4.3 CONSTANT FUEL mode.....................................................................................................10
1.4.4 ROUGH SEA mode.............................................................................................................11
1.4.5 SETPOINT mode.................................................................................................................11
1.4.6 TEST mode...........................................................................................................................11
1.4.7 CALIBRATION mode..........................................................................................................11
1.4.8 SELFTEST mode.................................................................................................................12
1.5 PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTIONS.................................................................................................. 13
1.6 PROGRAMMING CHARACTERISTICS..........................................................................................14
1.7 REGULATOR MAIN FUNCTIONS................................................................................................15
1.7.1 RPM Controller Function...................................................................................................16
1.7.2 RPM Command Function....................................................................................................17
1.7.3 RPM Measurement Function..............................................................................................18
1.7.4 Regulator Gain Function....................................................................................................19
1.7.5 Fuel Limiting Function.......................................................................................................20
1.8 ACTUATOR MAIN FUNCTIONS................................................................................................ 21
1.8.1 Fuel Actuating Function.....................................................................................................21
1.8.2 Servo Control function........................................................................................................21
2. SYSTEM OPERATION...................................................................................................................22
2.1 REGULATOR OPERATOR PANEL..............................................................................................22
2.1.1 Panel Layout........................................................................................................................22
2.1.2 Regulator Indicator Lamps.................................................................................................23
2.1.3 Regulator Mode Lamps.......................................................................................................23
2.1.4 Regulator STATUS lamps....................................................................................................24
2.1.5 Regulator ALARM/WARNING lamps.................................................................................24
2.2 PARAMETER AND DATA AREAS.............................................................................................. 25
2.2.1 Parameter Up/Down...........................................................................................................25
2.2.2 Data value Up/Down...........................................................................................................26
2.2.3 Change Lock........................................................................................................................26
2.2.4 Service code.........................................................................................................................26
2.2.5 Save......................................................................................................................................26
2.3 REGULATOR OPERATING BUTTONS........................................................................................26

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2.3.1 Constant Fuel Mode Button................................................................................................27


2.3.2 Rough Sea Button................................................................................................................27
2.3.3 Fuel Setpoint Button............................................................................................................28
2.3.4 Regulator Test Buttons........................................................................................................28
2.4 ACTUATOR OPERATING PANEL............................................................................................... 30
2.4.1 Actuator Indicator Lamps...................................................................................................30
2.4.2 Actuator MODE lamps........................................................................................................30
2.4.3 Actuator STATUS lamps......................................................................................................30
2.4.4 Actuator ALARM lamps......................................................................................................31
2.4.5 Actuator Parameter and Data Areas..................................................................................32
2.4.6 Actuator Operating Buttons................................................................................................33
2.4.7 Actuator Test Buttons..........................................................................................................34
2.5 PROCEDURES......................................................................................................................... 35
2.5.1 Power On.............................................................................................................................35
2.5.2 Power Off.............................................................................................................................35
2.5.3 Start Command....................................................................................................................35
2.5.4 Transfer Command between remote control and back-up control.....................................36
2.5.5 Stop Command.....................................................................................................................36
2.5.6 Fuel Setpoint Emergency Control.......................................................................................36
3. TROUBLE SHOOTING...................................................................................................................37
3.1 ALARMS / WARNINGS............................................................................................................ 37
3.2 REGULATOR ALARMS............................................................................................................ 37
3.2.1 System in Test......................................................................................................................37
3.2.2 Low Voltage Alarm..............................................................................................................38
3.2.3 RPM Detector Failure.........................................................................................................39
3.2.4 In-Data Error on Regulator................................................................................................40
3.2.5 Out Data Error....................................................................................................................40
3.3 ACTUATOR ALARMS.............................................................................................................. 41
3.3.1 Feedback Failure................................................................................................................41
3.3.2 Indata Error on Actuator....................................................................................................41
3.3.3 Servo Amplifier Failure......................................................................................................42
3.3.4 System in Test on Actuator..................................................................................................42
3.4 SPECIAL MESSAGES............................................................................................................... 43
3.4.1 " -- e r r o r ".......................................................................................................................43
3.4.2 " -- l o a d "..........................................................................................................................44
3.4.3 " 88 888888 ".......................................................................................................................44
3.4.4 Freeze..................................................................................................................................44
3.5 ACTUATOR UNIT................................................................................................................... 44
3.5.1 Unstable servo.....................................................................................................................44
4. ADJUSTMENTS................................................................................................................................45
4.1 START-UP........................................................................................................................... 45
4.1.1 Power-Up.............................................................................................................................45
4.1.2 Adjust BASIC parameters...................................................................................................46
4.1.3 Actuator zero adjustment....................................................................................................47
4.1.4 Fuel Output Signals (Option)..............................................................................................48
4.1.5 RPM detectors.....................................................................................................................48
4.2 REGULATOR PARAMETER DESCRIPTION...................................................................................49
4.2.1 Regulator parameter adjustments.......................................................................................49
4.2.2 Regulator input signal adjustment......................................................................................49
4.2.3 Digital signals.....................................................................................................................49
4.2.4 Analog signals.....................................................................................................................49
4.2.5 OpCode 0 Parameters.........................................................................................................50
4.2.6 OpCode 1 Parameters.........................................................................................................51
4.2.7 Engine Data.........................................................................................................................51

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4.2.8 RPM Cmd Limiting..............................................................................................................54


4.2.9 Measured RPM Filters........................................................................................................57
4.2.10 Speed Controller Response.................................................................................................58
4.2.11 Fuel Setpoint.......................................................................................................................60
4.2.12 Fuel Limiters.......................................................................................................................61
4.2.13 Actuator type setting...........................................................................................................62
4.2.14 Dead band mode or constant fuel mode.............................................................................64
4.2.15 Various parameters. (Stop signal, Cancel limiters,,,)........................................................66
4.2.16 Alarm Adjustments..............................................................................................................67
4.2.17 Dual Rpm Command Instruments. Digital fuel limiter output signal................................68
4.2.18 Non Linear Compensation Due To Fuel Pump Position....................................................69
4.2.19 Shaft Generator Function...................................................................................................69
4.2.20 Non Linear Compensation Due To Low RPM....................................................................70
4.2.21 QPT......................................................................................................................................71
4.2.22 Test.......................................................................................................................................71
4.3 ACTUATOR PARAMETER DESCRIPTION.....................................................................................73
4.3.1 Mode selection.....................................................................................................................73
4.3.2 Readable information..........................................................................................................73
4.3.3 Alarm info, info reset and feedback failure block reset.....................................................73
4.3.4 System parameter................................................................................................................74
4.3.5 Actuator Control Parameters..............................................................................................74
4.3.6 Servo Position Feedback Fail Test.....................................................................................75
4.3.7 Idle mode, manual control..................................................................................................76
4.3.8 Actuator operating range....................................................................................................77
4.3.9 Alarm Relay.........................................................................................................................77
4.3.10 Digital input signals............................................................................................................78
4.3.11 Block when low voltage......................................................................................................78
4.3.12 Actuator rotation direction................................................................................................78
4.3.13 Fuel indication output signal..............................................................................................79
4.3.14 Test parameters...................................................................................................................79
4.3.15 Readable parameters...........................................................................................................79
5. MAINTENANCE...............................................................................................................................81
5.1 VISUAL INSPECTIONS............................................................................................................. 81
6. APPENDIX.........................................................................................................................................83
6.1 APPENDIX A, INPUT AND OUTPUT SIGNAL LIST FOR DGS-8800E.............................................83
6.2 APPENDIX B *** DIP-SWITCHES............................................................................................84
6.3 APPENDIX C *** DIGITAL INPUTS ON REGULATOR.................................................................85
6.4 APPENDIX D *** ANALOG INPUTS ON REGULATOR................................................................86
6.5 APPENDIX E *** DIGITAL INPUTS ON ACTUATOR..................................................................87
6.6 APPENDIX F *** HEXADECIMAL COUNTING...........................................................................88
6.7 APPENDIX G *** JUMPERS ON NN-791.12 I/O PROCESSOR BOARD.........................................89
6.8 APPENDIX H *** LAYOUT FOR NN-791.12 I/O PROCESSOR BOARD........................................90
6.9 APPENDIX I *** JUMPERS ON NA-1105..................................................................................91
6.10 APPENDIX J *** BACK-WIRING..............................................................................................92
7. RELATED DOCUMENTS...............................................................................................................92
7.1 SBS SERVO AMPLIFIER MANUAL (PARVEX)...........................................................................92
7.2 DGS 8800E PARAMETER LIST. (KNCA, AA-0089.DOC).......................................................92

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TABLE OF FIGURES
Section Page

FIGURE 1.1 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION...................................................................................................... 3


FIGURE 1.2 DIGITAL GOVERNOR UNIT DGU 8800E.................................................................................4
FIGURE 1.3 DSU, SERVO AMPLIFIER AND POWER UNIT'S..........................................................................5
FIGURE 1.5 TRANSFORMER..................................................................................................................... 6
FIGURE 1.6 ELECTRIC ACTUATOR - ELACT 001..................................................................................7
FIGURE 1.7 DGU 8800E BLOCK DIAGRAM............................................................................................ 15
FIGURE 1.8 GOVERNOR FUNCTIONS....................................................................................................... 16
FIGURE 1.9 RPM COMMAND FUNCTION................................................................................................ 17
FIGURE 1.10 RPM MEASURING FUNCTION............................................................................................ 18
FIGURE 1.11 REGULATING GAIN FUNCTION...........................................................................................19
FIGURE 1.12 FUEL LIMITING, NON LINEAR COMPENSATION AND OUTPUT SCALING FUNCTION...............20
FIGURE 1.13 SERVO CONTROL FUNCTION.............................................................................................. 21
FIGURE 2.1 OPERATOR PANEL............................................................................................................... 22
FIGURE 2.2 INDICATOR LAMPS............................................................................................................... 23
FIGURE 2.3 REGULATOR PARAMETER AND DATA AREAS.......................................................................25
FIGURE 2.4 REGULATOR OPERATION BUTTONS......................................................................................28
FIGURE 2.5 REGULATOR TEST BUTTONS................................................................................................ 29
FIGURE 2.6 ACTUATOR INDICATION LAMPS...........................................................................................30
FIGURE 2.7 ACTUATOR PARAMETER AND DATA AREAS.........................................................................32
FIGURE 2.8 ACTUATOR OPERATION BUTTONS........................................................................................33
FIGURE 2.9 ACTUATOR TEST BUTTONS................................................................................................. 34
FIGURE 4.1 ROTATION OF ACTUATOR. (CW = CLOCK WISE, CCW = COUNTER CLOCK WISE).............47
FIGURE 4.2 ACTUATOR ARM................................................................................................................. 52
FIGURE 4.3 CRITICAL SPEED. BLOCKED AREAS......................................................................................56
FIGURE 4.5 CONSTANT FUEL MODE....................................................................................................... 65
FIGURE 4.6 NON LINEAR COMPENSATION DUE TO LOW SPEED................................................................70
FIGURE 4.7 ACTUATOR POSITION TIMING............................................................................................... 72
FIGURE 4.8 ACTUATOR GAIN................................................................................................................ 74
FIGURE 4.9 TIMEOUT FOR TOO SLOW..................................................................................................... 76
FIGURE 4.10 ACTUATOR POSITION,........................................................................................................ 79
FIGURE 6.1 DIPSWITCHES...................................................................................................................... 84
FIGURE 6.2 DIGITAL INPUTS ON REGULATOR..........................................................................................85
FIGURE 6.3 ANALOG INPUTS ON REGULATOR.........................................................................................86
FIGURE 6.4 PROCESSOR BOARD LAYOUT................................................................................................ 90
FIGURE 6.5 NA-1105, ACYNCRON BUFFER LAYOUT..............................................................................91

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1. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.1 Introduction
The Digital Governor System (DGS-8800e) is a complete package which fulfills all
tasks for governing the speed of low-speed, long-stroke diesel engine of the Sulzer
RTA type manufactured by Wärtsila NSD and their licencees. The speed setting may
be from three different systems, usually the remote control system (AutoChief 4 or
AutoChief 7), local control panel, and control room back-up panel (optional).

The system may be fitted to both fixed pitch and controllable pitch propeller systems
(FPP and CPP systems). The system responds to slow-down and shut-down signals
from external safety systems. Fuel-saving features, such as load limiting functions, are
included.

The DGS 8800e performs computerized handling of all measurements and control
signals. It includes panel push-button flexibility to select, adjust, and test the system
performance. Movement of the fuel rack is done by an electric actuator, with a 3 phase
brushless servomotor as the power medium.

The main purpose of the DGS 8800e system is to control the position of the engine fuel
servo, in order to maintain an engine speed equal to a reference setting. The system is
composed of two separate and self-contained subsystems, the speed Regulating
Function, and the fuel Actuator Function.

The speed pick-up sensors are of an inductive type, mounted towards engine gearwheel
inside the main engine. They are completely duplicated for increased system reliability.

Engine charge air pressure is measured to be able to limit the fuel injection according to
charge air pressure value.

For CCP systems, the pitch value is input to compensate for loading conditions.

The speed reference input to the system may be one of three, selectable either from the
remote control system (from bridge or control room), the local control panel, or the
control room back-up panel.

The DSU (Digital Servo Unit) which is supplied from the AC mains, supplies the DGS
8800e system with 24V DC.

The ELACT (Electric Actuator) is supplied by a 3 phase AC main power supply


through a TRAFO 001 (transformer) and the DSU with power and servo amplifier. The
Actuator Feedback Transducer is a high resolution absolute encoder with contactless
displacement to improve system reliability.

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1.1.1 Regulator functions

The main purposes are:

· Speed reference computation.


· Speed measurement and filtering.
· Output and limit the command signal to the fuel actuating function.

In addition, the Regulating Function has several sub-functions, such as:

· Displaying data values.


· Programming user-dependent parameters.
· On-line testing.
· Off-line testing.
· Selection of alternative mode operations.

1.1.2 Actuator Function

The main purposes are:

· Sense the actuator position command from the Regulator.


· Positioning the actuator (and fuel-rack) according to commanded value.

In addition, the Actuating Function contains several secondary functions:

· Limiting speed of fuel-rack.


· Output for fuel-rack (actuator) indication (option).
· Displaying data values.
· Repeatedly testing of System failures.

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1.1.3 System configuration

This configuration drawings shows the DGS-8800e with the belonging accessories,
arrangement is in accordance with the Denis specifications issued by Wärtslia NSD
(Denis-1, Denis-5 and Denis-6).

Figure 1.1 System configuration.

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1.2 System Units


The DGS 8800e Digital Governor System consists of these basic units:

a) DGU 8800e Digital Governor Unit.

b) DSU, Digital Servo Unit.

e) TRAFO 001, Transformer, interface between mains and DSU.

f) ELACT 001, Electric actuator.

1.2.1 Digital Governor Unit, DGU


The DGU (Fig.1.2) fits into standard 19 inch rack. It has internal Power Module for
low-voltage distribution. The panel section allows direct operator control of system
functions. The signals from process are all connected to standard terminal boards, with
easy flat-cable connection into the unit.

The process signals are adapted to digital data through individual plug-in adapters, with
options for all standard signal formats.

Figure 1.2 Digital Governor Unit DGU 8800e

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1.2.2 Digital Servo Unit (DSU)


The ABS power unit, SBS servo amplifier and 24V DC power supply for the DGU 8800e
are mounted in cabinet for installation on wall in the engine control room.

The servo amplifier together with the power unit are the electric actuator's control
electronic and controls the electric actuator speed.

Figure 1.3 DSU, Servo amplifier and power unit's

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1.2.3 TRAFO 001


The Trafo 001 is a transformer unit that supplies the electric actuator's power amplifier
with 135 V AC for speed control of the electric actuator.

The transformer has 220V AC, 230V AC or 440V AC input and 135V AC output. It is
specified to deliver up to 3.6 kVA continuously. 110VAC or other input voltage
transformer may be delivered on request.

Figure 1.5 Transformer

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1.2.4 Electric actuator, ELACT 001


The actuator system comprises a brushless servomotor type Parvex LS 620 EL, with a
reduction gear type Cyclo FABS 25/89. The servomotor is electro-mechanical and
contains no electronic components. It has ball bearings which are lubricated for life. The
system is certified for protection degree IP65, precision class N and insulation class F.
The servomotor is controlled by servo amplifier Parvex SBS 15/30A. The servomotor
has a built-in brake which activates if a failure such as system failure or power failure
occurs, and will keep the fuel rack at the current position, i.e. fail-safe condition, as the
engine will continue to run at it's previous speed. A thermal protection device is also
included in the servo motor. The fuel index (or actuator position) is measured with an
absolute encoder, mounted directly on the servomotor. The fuel actuator is to be
mounted and connected the fuelrack of the main engine in accordance with drawings
issued by Wärtsila NSD.

Figure 1.6 Electric actuator - ELACT 001

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1.2.5 Equipment Location


The DGU unit is to be located in the control room console, and should be mounted in
the vertical section of the console.

The DSU cabinet is a standard wall-mountable box, which should have less than 25 m
cabling distance from the actuator.

The Actuator is mounted on the engine and is connected to fuel linkage in accordance
with drawings issued by Wärtsila NSD.

1.3 Main Specification


1.3.1 Input and output data-channels

a) Two speed inputs signal from two inductive pick-up's delivered by the engine
builder, and mounted as spesified by WNSCH. One set of duplicate channel.
Measures speed up to more than 300 rpm. Which handles engines from the
smallest RTA48 to the largest RTA96C. Minimum frequency of approximately
4 Hz, depending of max. speed and number of pulses received from the speed
pick-ups.
b) Three speed command inputs, 4-20 mA current, 0-10 V, or from 5KW
potentiometer.
c) One charge air pressure signal, 0-4 bar, 4-20 mA.
d) Pitch feedback signal, 5KW potentiometer or -10 to +10 V (for CPP installations).
d) Two output signals, reflecting engine fuel index (load indicator). Output signal
are 4-20 mA or 0 - 10 VDC.
NOTE: These signals are a copy of the actuator position.
g) Start diesel signal (active when shaftgen. is active and speed command is
reduced). (Optional feautre)

1.3.2 Logic input signals

a) External stop (shut down) signal from external safety system.


b) Three binary (on/off) command position selection signals, selecting which of the
three speed command signals that are to be used.
c) Slow-down signal from external safety system.
d) Zero fuel order from each of the three command positions (to be active when
STOP, i.e. zero fuel is ordered).
e) Power-failure signal from remote control system (speedset freeze at last engine
running speed).
f) Back-up RPM (for CPP installations only).
g) Heavy start (or increasing fuel limiters) from remote control system and from
switch in control room.

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1.3.3 Power Positioning Characteristics

Power positioning characteristics: ELACT-001


Maximum output power torque (nominal) 360 Nm
Maximum output power torque (nominal) 720 Nm
Static accuracy* 0.1 mm
Maximum speed* 372 mm/sec
Stroke w/ 140 mm arm (angle 42)* 100 mm*
Controllable angle 42

* At operating angle 42°, 140 mm. actuator arm, giving a max. stroke of 100 mm.

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1.4 Mode selections


The descriptions given in the following paragraphs are valid both for Regulator and
Actuator parts. The actual system mode is shown on the upper left indicator panel on
front of DGU.

1.4.1 NORMAL mode


This mode indicates normal running mode of the system. The transfer to this mode is
done automatically by the maneuvering handle. All adjustments of system parameters
is allowed also saving (kept after powering down) is done. Monitoring of all system
data values may be done by appropriate parameter number (refer commissioning
parameter list).

1.4.2 IDLE mode


This mode is automatically selected after powering up system. In this condition, the
actual real time processing of governor is not critical. The ultimate condition to stay in
this mode, is for the that STOP is ordered (zero fuel order signal is ON).

Reprogramming of parameter values can be done.

NOTE: Automatic transfer to Idle when system is in STOP status.

1.4.3 CONSTANT FUEL mode


This mode can be selected by pressing the pushbutton “CONST.FUEL” on the front
panel of the DGU. The intention with this function is to keep the fuel rack steady, the
objective is to save fuel. The functions allows a greater variation of engine speed, and
sets a larger deadband to the speed regulation. If the engine speed is outside the
“disengage high and low” deadband, the function will be disengaged, and the governor
will regulate the speed until it is inside the “engage high and low” deadband, as shown
in the below drawing:

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1.4.4 ROUGH SEA mode


This mode can be selected by pressing the pushbutton “ROUGH SEA” on the front
panel of the DGU. In this mode, the regulator selects the Rough Sea gain-setting for PI
governor, and can also include the D-function (to make it a PID and not just a PI
regulator). These alternate values may be programmed to adapt more to a special sea-
going condition, such as ballasted vessel, or rough sea situations

1.4.5 SETPOINT mode


This mode can be selected by pressing the pushbutton “FUEL SETP.” on the front
panel of the DGU. Enabling of setpoint mode is possible to prevent with a parameter
setting. However, if the setpoint mode parameter is enabled, then setpoint mode can be
transferred from Normal or Idle mode. This is done by opening the Change Lock
switch to open position with the key and pushing the FUEL SETPOINT button on front
panel. Note, however, that this is meant to be a degraded operational mode, where the
command handle outputs a fuel-index command directly. This feature allows
emergency operation from a more comfortable place than local stand at the engine side.
When this function is in use, there will be a SYSTEM IN TEST alarm.

NOTE: This mode has two more parameters that must be adjusted to match "RPM
command" with "fuel index". Normal adjustment will be Dead Slow RPM
level to match 0% fuel index and Full Seaspeed to match 100% fuel index.

1.4.6 TEST mode


The Test mode may be initiated both from on-line (from Normal mode) or off-line
(from Idle mode). In this mode, the input values to the system can be set directly from
front panel. The system shall respond to these settings in same manner as original
values from input transducers. When this function is in use, there will be a SYSTEM
IN TEST alarm.
a) Transfer from Normal mode is done by selecting one of the buttons in Test area
of front panel: CMD, PITCH, or CHARGE.

NOTE: RPM button (measured RPM on engine) is not allowed, since one assume
running engine condition.

b) Transfer from Idle mode is done by selecting parameter no.1, and adjust data
value to 2. In this situation, also selection of RPM test button is allowed.

1.4.7 CALIBRATION mode


Calibration mode may be transferred from both Normal and Idle mode. In Normal,
running mode the CAL test button starts an overlaying RPM value to the real inputted
data. This "disturbance" value may be initiated in order to test governor response.
Transfer from Idle mode is done by selecting parameter no.1 equal to 3. In this
condition, an overlaying shifting signal adds to the value of chosen selection, either by
pushing CMD-, RPM-, or CHARGE buttons.

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1.4.8 SELFTEST mode


The Selftest mode can only be initiated from Idle mode condition. In this mode, the
hardware memory of the computer is tested. Select parameter 1 and adjust data to 5
(light in indicator on panel). Then push the LAMP TEST button. The computer will
respond with an "UP" status, or an "ERROR" status. Refer to Trouble Shooting if
error status.

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1.5 Programmable functions


The DGU regulating functions are to be set up with parameter values, in accordance
with each particular installation. The main programmable functions are:

a) Starting setpoints of fuel, and extension time after starting.

b) Acceleration limiting of speed commanding signal.

c) Critical speed-ranges.

d) Maximum limit of RPM command value.

e) Charge.air/index limiting characteristic.

f) Speed/index limiting characteristic. (Torque Limiter)

g) Zero-pitch/index limiting characteristic (only for CPP systems).

h) Maximum limit of index (actuator) position.

i) Regulator gain characteristics.

j) Error-band gain setting.

k) Command feed-forward influence in fuel setting.

l) Filtering of speed oscillation caused by engine firing action (Notch filter).

In addition the system includes secondary programmable functions, such as:

m) Numeric calibration of input data.

n) Activity level-definitions of all binary input signals.

o) Filtering of displayed data values.

p) Data output on analog test-channels.

q) Auto-calibration of actuator servo.

r) Delay time in alarming condition to Alarm central.

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1.6 Programming characteristics


Table 1.1 illustrates the regulators main programmable functions.

Function Characteristics Parameters Comments


1. Gain (1) Increasing gain may
Governor Integration speed up system
Damping Factor (2) response.
Increasing integration
factor will increase
relative stability

2. Deadband (1) Band suppression


Error-Band Band-Gain (2) mode is operator
Suppression selectable. Suppresses
vibration or jiggling of
actuator system

3. Forward Gain (1) Direct increase or


RPM decrease of fuel index
Command setting, irrespective of
Forward deadband in regulator
Coupling system. Makes
possible direct fuel
control in speed
detection failure
situation
4. Frequency The suppression filter
Low-Speed Factor (1) will automatically be
Vibratory disconnected above
Revolution maximum specified
Suppression speed limit

Table 1.1 Regulator Conditioning Functions

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1.7 Regulator main functions


The DGS 8800e system consists of two separate, and modular microprocessor
controlled sub-systems performing the following functions:

· RPM Regulating Function.

· Fuel Actuating Function.

A simplified block diagram of the DGS 8800e system is shown in Fig. 1.7.

Figure 1.7 DGU 8800e Block Diagram.

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1.7.1 RPM Controller Function


The RPM reference values are automatically computed for all engine running
conditions, such as start/stop, slow-down, emergency run, and normal running. The
RPM measurements are converted from pulse frequency data to filtered, digital internal
values.

The difference between reference and measurement is processed to ensure the optimum
correction signal to the fuel setting, taking both the loading characteristics and running
RPM into account.

Maximum fuel is automatically limited according to tolerances given by speed and


charge air pressure.

The RPM Regulating Functions are shown in Fig. 1.8 and detailed in Fig. 1.9 to 1.13.

Figure 1.8 Governor functions.

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1.7.2 RPM Command Function

· Commanding input signal either from remote control system, local control panel,
and control room back-up panel (optionally).

· The operator may reduce the maximum allowed speed by programming the
command Limiting Function.

· System control inputs automatically select "failure-mode" commanding reference,


such as slow-down or back-up RPM.

· Rate Limiting Function enables the operator to restrict engine acceleration or


retardation.

· Critical Speed Discrimination results in switch transfer of speed reference signal


through the barred range.

· Start - Stop Function automatically selects fuel-setting reference, with automatic


transfer to speed setting reference.

Figure 1.9 RPM Command Function.

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1.7.3 RPM Measurement Function

· Pick-up pulses are converted to actual data value. The only scaling factor is the
number of teeths on the gearwheel (pulses generated for one revolution of the
engine).
· Channels A and B are tested for validity, with automatic selection of correct
channel.
· Automatic filtering of low-speed torsional vibratory noise measurement.
· High frequency filtering of speed measurement.
· Additional filtering and measured data to adapt to numeric display.

Figure 1.10 RPM Measuring Function.

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1.7.4 Regulator Gain Function

· Error Band signal gain reduction to suppress low amplitude noise. Deadband
selectable.
· Governor common-gain adjusting function, to select proper damping.
· Automatic adjustment of system integrating gain according to engine operating
data.
· Automatic adjustment of common gain according to engine operating speed.

Figure 1.11 Regulating Gain Function.

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1.7.5 Fuel Limiting Function


· Limiting of fuel setting according to engine propeller load characteristic.
· Limiting of fuel setting according to charge air pressure curve.
· Low pitch fuel limiting, mainly to limit index when restart from Bridge control
(CPP-systems).
· Manual limiting to fix the absolute maximum allowed fuel setting.
· Selecting function, always to transmit the lowest of limited values.
· Non linear compensation due to actuator position.
· Non linear compensation due to fuel pump leaking when low engine speed
· Scaling function, to match the actuator input signal and fuel pump offset values.

0-100% Regulator request

TORQUE
FUEL LIMITER

Torque Limiter
%
Fuel 100% 4 5
3
1 2

0.0 speed (rpm)

START NON LINEAR COMP. NON LINEAR COMP.


SETPOINT DUE TO POSITION
SCALING
DUE TO RPM
to actuator
CHARGE AIR k
FUEL LIMITER LOW  1.5
 
%
Charge Air Pressure SELECT    1.0
Fuel 100%
3
4 5

1 2 STARTING 0.0

0.0 Engine Speed


P (Bar)
ACT. TYPE
ACT. ARM [mm]
GEAR RATIO
MAX. FUEL POS [mm]
Offset FUEL POS [mm]

MANUAL
FUEL LIMITER

% MAX PUMP INDEX


Fuel

0.0

Figure 1.12 Fuel Limiting, Non Linear Compensation and Output Scaling Function

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1.8 Actuator Main Functions


1.8.1 Fuel Actuating Function
The signal processing in DGU acts to enable the actuator to follow-up command signals
as fast as possible. Electrical on/off signals are connected to the electric actuator.
Position feedback signal from actuator indicates the actual position of servo.

1.8.2 Servo Control function


The main sub functions are:

· Adjustable Servo PI controller.


· Output Scaling for signal adaption to the Motor Servo Amplifier.
· Monitoring control signals, and in case of failure, block the actuator.
· Distribute fuel-indication to user (options).

REG. ACTUATOR
PI ACTUATOR
POSITION
CONTROLLER OUTPUT MOTOR
COMMAND SPEED

SCALING
CMD SERVO
+
- P - GAIN
APMLIFIER
I - TIME

SPEED
FEEDBACK

DISPLAY FILTER
ZERO POSITION OFFSET

POSITION FEEDBACK

Figure 1.13 Servo Control Function

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2. SYSTEM OPERATION
2.1 Regulator Operator Panel
2.1.1 Panel Layout
The functional layout of DGU panel is shown in Fig. 2.1. The grouping of functions
are the same for the Regulator Part (left) and Actuator part (right). The following
paragraphs include more detailed description.

Note that the panel has a removable change lock key. The key has to be in the OPEN
position to be able to change the most critical system parameters. In addition, a special
"service code" must be set to ensure that only authorized personnel are able to modify
the system parameters.

Figure 2.1 Operator Panel

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2.1.2 Regulator Indicator Lamps

Figure 2.2 Indicator lamps.

2.1.3 Regulator Mode Lamps


Indicate the main constraints under which the regulator function is operating.

NORMAL Normal regulating mode with real process input and output data
from engine. Selection of this mode is done automatically when
Cmd Handle is moved out of stop. Simulations of RPM command
and Scavenge air pressure is possible when Change Lock is in
Open position, also if engine is running. Simulation of Measured
RPM is not possible in this mode.

IDLE Idle mode is automatically selected when RPM command handle is


in stop position. All data is still monitored. The mode is now
possible to change to Test, Calibrate and Self test. This is done by
selecting parameter 1 (Mode select) and adjusting the data value to
different values. (Alarm indication "System in Test" will lit and
alarm is given to the alarm-central).

SETPOINT Direct Fuel Control mode, regardless of Measured RPM. This


mode is selected when the push-button "Fuel Setpoint" is pushed
and the Change Lock is in Open position. Use caution if this is
done while the engine is running. This mode is a bypass function
of the regulator and is normally only used to test the actuator
performance.

TEST Test mode is only selectable if command handle is in stop. System


may be set-up with all input data simulated, instead of real sensors.

CALIBRATE System may be set-up with special calibration signals or routines.


Calibrate will also lit up if the "CAL" button is activated.

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SELF TEST Self testing of computer memory is activated by pushing LAMP


TEST. This will respond with "rEG-UP" if memory is ok or with
"Error" if there are any memory problems. Ref. Trouble Shooting,
chapter 3.

2.1.4 Regulator STATUS lamps


Indicate a running condition that restricts or reflects system performance.

REGULATOR ON System in running status. Regulation of fuel index on engine.

START Starting phase is activated. Fixed fuel in start position.

STOP System in "Engine-Stop" condition. Rpm Cmd setpoint is Zero.

RPM LIMIT ON RPM Command setting is restricted by a limiting condition, such


as manual limit setting, or a critical speed range (flashing).

FUEL LIMIT ON Regulating fuel output is restricted by automatic limiting causes,


such as manual limit setting, speed limiting, or scavenge air
limiting. Engine is not allowed to have more fuel.

OTHER "Other" will indirectly reflect a status that can be pin-pointed by


selecting appropriate parameter number for display (Parameter 9).

2.1.5 Regulator ALARM/WARNING lamps


Indicate the causes of any automatic locking of the system operation. Give
warnings about malfunctions.

LOW VOLTAGE Indicates too low voltage in one of 4 power systems: +5V,
+15V, -15V, +24V. Detailed information is given by LED
indicator on adaptor Card. Ref. trouble shooting, chapter 3.

RPM DETECT FAIL RPM detector (pick-up system) hardware failure. Detailed
information is given by LED indicator on adaptor cards and on
parameter 16. Ref. trouble shooting table, chapter 3.

IN-DATA ERROR Analog input signal failure on RPM Cmd Handle in Control-
room, RPM Cmd Handle on Bridge or scavenge air sensor on
engine Ref. trouble shooting.

OUT-DATA ERROR Communication failure between regulator card and actuator


card. Ref. trouble shooting.

SYSTEM IN TEST Indicates that system is in test or calibration mode.

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OTHER "Other" will indirectly reflect 'old Alarms' that has disappeared
but is not reset by parameter 16 or 17.These two parameters will
indicate which alarms that was activated. Parameter 10 will
indicate "old-AL" if selected. Other Alarm will not give alarm
to alarm-central since the failure is no longer there.

2.2 Parameter and Data Areas


2.2.1 Parameter Up/Down
In the parameter area, a set of relevant parameters together with their identification
numbers, are listed. After selecting a number by using the up/down buttons in the
parameter area, a value will appear on the data display. Fig. 2.3

Figure 2.3 Regulator Parameter and Data Areas.

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2.2.2 Data value Up/Down


Some data is Readable (like: RPM Command, Measured RPM, Charge air Pressure,,,)
and some data is Adjustable (like: RPM limiter level,Fuel limiter level, Deadband,,,).
The data value can be adjusted if the selected parameter is adjustable, this is achieved
by pressing the "UP" or "DOWN" button in the data value section. The adjusted value
will take effect immediately.

Adjustments is protected by the "Change Lock" and the "Service code", except
parameter 6,7,8,14,16 and 17 (ref. parameter list).

2.2.3 Change Lock


Some parameters and some push-button may be changed/pushed only when the
Commissioning Key is installed and turned to the "open" position.

2.2.4 Service code


Most critical parameters have additional safety locking by a "service code" that must be
set. This service code is a special parameter that has to be set to a special value. A
complete set of parameters is provided in the commissioning lists.

2.2.5 Save
Before powering off the 24 Volt, adjusted data can be saved by pressing the "SAVE"
button, when the Change Lock is in Open position. If save is not pressed after an
adjustment, the "old adjustments" will appear next time the power-supply has been off
and then on again.

2.3 Regulator Operating Buttons


How to change regulating function in running conditions. Each button has its own
on/off LED indicator. The indicator signal is feed back to the panel from the computer,
in response to button operation. The buttons are showed in Fig. 2.4.

Note that DEAD BAND and ROUGH SEA buttons may be selected with no restriction.
The FUEL SETPOINT button may be operated only when the key-lock is unlocked and
the function parameter is enabled.

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2.3.1 Constant Fuel Mode Button


On: If LED on push button is lit then deadband is real (flat). The Constant Fuel Mode
function reduces the motions of the governor. When engine speed is within the
deadband limits, there is no movement of fuel rack. This function will cause
more variations and also a possible constant deviation on the engine speed.
Deadband value is adjustable on parameter no. 8 and is usually set to 2 RPM for
normal running at sea. This value can be increased for more stabile actuator.
However, special plant consideration may limit practical use of this function if
there is an shaft generator or similar equipment.

Off: If LED is not activated, the regulator will work with a reduced gain in the
deadband zone. The reduction is adjustable and called "Reduction Gain".
Reduction-factor of 5 means that the activity of actuator is reduced with 5 times.
A deadband value of 2 means  2 RPM.

2.3.2 Rough Sea Button


On: If led on the Rough Sea button is activated, the regulator selects the Rough Sea
gain-setting for PI governor. Ref. parameter list. In addition the regulator can
connect a Derivative function making the governor a PID regulator. The D-
function is selected on parameter 73 "D-gain On/Off". These alternate values may
be programmed to adapt more to a special sea-going condition, such as ballasted
vessel, or rough sea situations.

Off: If led on the Rough Sea button is not activated, the regulator selects the "normal"
PI governor settings.

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2.3.3 Fuel Setpoint Button


This function is under the Change Lock, so the Key is necessary to activate this
function!

On: Transfer the system mode unconditionally to NORMAL and SETPOINT. In


setpoint mode, the fuel index is directly set by the Commanding RPM Handle.
Setting the RPM Cmd Handle to "Dead Slow" will give 0% fuel and "Full" will
give 100% fuel, independent of the engine speed. The scaling of this function can
be done at fuel setpoint parameters. The fuel limiters will still work so engine
will not be overloaded with fuel, but it may easily be over-speeded. (See also fuel
setpoint mode).

Off: Regulator in normal regulating mode.

Figure 2.4 Regulator Operation Buttons.

2.3.4 Regulator Test Buttons


The test buttons may be used in all system modes. Pressing one of the upper buttons
makes it possible to input a data value directly from the panel. The simulated input will
initially equal that of the transducer, then be increased or decreased by the (+) or (-)
button, respectively.

To direct the adjustment to only one of the signals given, the relevant button has to be
pressed for a short time. When the button lamp starts flashing, the adjustment of the
selected data is possible. A long press of the button resets the data to the original
source.

The adjustments are visual by selecting the appropriate parameter number. The RATE-
button allows the adjustment to be slow or fast.

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The parameters to be simulated are:

CMD RPM Command input Parameter 2


RPM RPM Measured Parameter 3 (not in NORMAL mode)
CHARGE Charge Air Pressure Parameter 5
AIR

Figure 2.5 Regulator Test Buttons.

Note that the CAL. button may be used in normal running mode to add an artificial
square-wave noise in the RPM measurement. This is to be able to observe the
regulating action of the governor.

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2.4 Actuator Operating Panel


2.4.1 Actuator Indicator Lamps

Figure 2.6 Actuator Indication lamps.

Any number of lamps may be lit at the same time. Operation of the lamps is as follows:

2.4.2 Actuator MODE lamps

NORMAL System in normal, regulating, mode with real process input and output
data.

IDLE System in a "ready-to-go" mode, doing all monitoring and transferring


of all input data.

TEST System test and simulation mode, that allows input data to be
simulated from operator panel instead of real sensor inputs.

CALIBRATE Not used in this version.

SELFTEST Self test of the microcomputer memory is activated by addressing


button RESET / LAMP TEST.

2.4.3 Actuator STATUS lamps

SERVO ON Servo operation is active.

MANUAL CONTR. Actuator may be manually positioned by operating (+) and (-)
test buttons.

EXTERNAL STOP The servo command input is forced to STOP by external


emergency-stop activation or Shut Down/Overspeed.

SERVO BLOCKED The actuator is blocked, caused by a fatal system error


condition.

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OTHER Other system status is flagged. Selection of appropriate


parameter number gives additional information.

2.4.4 Actuator ALARM lamps

LOW VOLTAGE Indicates too low voltage in one or more of the 4 power
systems: +5V, +15V, -15V, +24V. Details are shown on LED
indicators on adaptor card.

FEEDBACK FAIL Feedback error caused by signal failure in actuator position


measuring.

IN-DATA ERROR Cluster of errors that may be detected by the input data self-test
routines. Error decoding is shown if selecting the appropriate
parameter number.

SERVO AMPL FAIL. Failure in the servo amplifier system (DSU, SBS, ABS or
actuator).

SYSTEM IN TEST System in test or calibration mode.

OTHER Other system alarm or warning is indicated. Selection of


appropriate parameter number gives additional information.

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2.4.5 Actuator Parameter and Data Areas


In the parameter area a set of relevant parameters, together with their identification
numbers, are listed.

After selecting a number by using the up/down buttons in the parameter area, a value
will appear on the data display. Fig. 2.7 shows an example of having selected the
measured fuel output of the system, which displays a value of 50.0 pump index.

Figure 2.7 Actuator Parameter and Data Areas.

The fuel output is measured input signal to the system. In such a case, no new value
would appear in the data display if the operator tried the up/down buttons in the data
area. For this to happen, the selected parameter must be of an adjustable type, such as
no. 5.

The change key has to be in "unlocked" position to be able to change any parameter
value. Most critical parameters have an additional safety-lock, by means of a "service
code" to be set, having first selected the proper parameter number. A complete list of
parameters is provided in the commissioning lists.

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2.4.6 Actuator Operating Buttons


Each button has its own on/off LED indicator. The indicator signal is fed back to the
panel from the computer, in response to button operation. The button functions are
described below:

ON Transfer the system to SERVO ON, or back to MANUAL CONTROL.


Transition
to IDLE is conditioned by Regulator system STOP status. The transfer to
NORMAL and ON is automatically done by commanding input controls from the
Maneuvering unit.

Figure 2.8 Actuator Operation Buttons.

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2.4.7 Actuator Test Buttons


The test buttons may be operated under different system test modes:

IDLE mode by handle in stop, MANUAL CONTROL status by deactivating SERVO


ON button(toggle) and Change key set to OPEN by key, enables the (+), (-) and RATE
buttons to be used for direct up- and down positioning of Actuator.
Additional buttons functions are shortly described as follows:

TEST mode selected by parameter =1, value =2. (Only when handle is in stop). In
Test mode, the SET button enables test stimulant input to Actuator. The ON button
must also be set, in order to make the Actuator going.

Panel simulation of SET or FUEL. A flashing led in either SET or FUEL enable
simulation and changeable value by (+) or (-) buttons on that function. A constant on
led indicates simulated value. And a dark led indicats actual signal (not simulated).

RATE button. Selects the rate-of-change of simulated value, high or low.


(-) button. Decrements simulation data.
(+) button. Increments simulation data.

SET button. Selects the Actuator Position Setpoint signal either from panel simulation
or from Regulator output.

FUEL button. Selects the Actuator actual position to be simulated from test panel or
from feedback signal.

AUTO button. Not used.

CALIBRATE mode. The Calibrate function is not in use by El-Actuator.

Figure 2.9 Actuator Test Buttons.

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2.5 Procedures
2.5.1 Power On
1. Ensure that AC mains is connected to the Digital Servo Unit (DSU), both 3 phase
AC voltage for servo motor and 1 phase AC voltage for control voltage.

2. Operate the DC Power-On circuit breakers inside the DGU 8800e.

3. "REG-UP" and "ELA-UP" should appear in data display. If power-up after


changing system memory, some time may elapse before display comes on.

If "Error" should appear in data display, or any alarm indication is given, refer to
chapter 3 and 4 for further information. Commissioning procedure is given in section
4.1.1.

NOTE: The DC power switch inside DGU-8800e may be used for system reset.

2.5.2 Power Off


Do not remove power, except in emergency or for servicing activities. If powering
down is necessary. If any parameters has been changed, and saving is preferred,
operate the SAVE button before removing power.

4. DC 24 V control voltage are switched off by operating the automatic circuit breaker
inside the DGU 8800e unit. Mains are switched off by operating the fuses for AC
mains control voltage (1 phase) and servo motor (3 phase) in the main switchboard.

2.5.3 Start Command


1. Select Regulator param.2 and Actuator param.3. (For information only)

2. Set the Maneuvering Handle on bridge or control room (depending on control


position) out of Stop position, or set the Control Room Back-up Switch to Start
position.

The NORMAL and START indicator of Regulator and the NORMAL and SERVO
ON of the Actuator is indicated.

Information of the starting setpoint of fuel-index will appear on the Regulator data
display. Likewise, the equivalent actuator position in fuel linkage position, will be
commanded for the servo motor to follow-up. When the RPM reaches a certain
level, the REGULATOR ON status will appear, and the command from handle,
shown in para. 2, will immediately be sensed as commanding speed.

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2.5.4 Transfer Command between remote control and back-up control

1. Set the alternate command to the setting required. Regulator parameter 4 and 14
can be used to ensure a bumbles transfer. Select parameter 14 and set the Value
(RPM difference) to 1. Then select parameter 4 and move the back-up control dial
slowly until the Data Value shows approximately 0.

2. Select transfer of alternate command. Now the value shown in paramameter 2 is the
commanded value from alternate maneuver.

3. Place the unused Maneuvering handle in Stop position, if so desired.

2.5.5 Stop Command

1. Move the commanding handle to Stop position. If the Stop status indicator flashes,
this means that the handle has not reached the final STOP position, and must do so
before any restarts can be attempted.

2.5.6 Fuel Setpoint Emergency Control


This operation may be done during testing, or in an emergency situation, where fuel
index can be directly controlled by handle. Note that a function true/false parameter
and the scaling of handle-data must fit index values, for any practical use. Refer to Fuel
Setpoint adjustments in parameter-list.

1. Unlock the key switch CHANGE LOCK.

2. Press the Regulator FUEL SETPNT. push-button to be lit. Now, the "SETPOINT
and NORMAL" mode will be showed on Regulator Mode indication, and also
SYSTEM IN TEST on Alarm indication. This requires that the parameter for Fuel
setpoint function enabled is set to: true

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3. TROUBLE SHOOTING
3.1 Alarms / Warnings
Both Regualator and Actuator has a Built-in Test for continuous surveillance of critical
functions in the DGS. All alarm conditions are "flagged" on Panel Alarm indicators,
and are relayed to the ship alarm system. To pinpoint the problem, alarm indicators on
circuit boards inside the DGU rack should also be examined. Also special parameter
numbers on the front panel can be selected to show an error code message.

Reset the alarm indication with parameter 10 Other Alarm on each side of DGU panel.

Information parameters.
Parameter 11 & 12 on both sides will give more information. The Indication lamp and
the parameters (11 & 12) has a memory-function that latches up all errors that has
occurred. It is possible to scan thruogh with value Up button to see if more than one fail
has accured. After investigating the fail on parameter 11 or 12, select parameter 10
Other Alarm to reset alarms by pushing the value Up button. The memory on par 11
and 12 will then be reset also.

3.2 Regulator Alarms

3.2.1 System in Test


This led lights up when a test condition is activated. Parameter 19 will indicate the
reason.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 7 SiMuLA System in test Reset test function.

OpCode 0, "System in test" change with;


Param. 19
00 = Normal
Readable 01 = Special Mode; - Test, Calibrate or Self-Test OpCode 0, Param. 1
Info. 02 = Special Mode; - Fuel Setpoint (Regulator Bypass) Panel, Push Button
04 = Special Mode; - RPM Measured, Step Signal Added. Panel, Push Button
08 = not used
10 = Simulation; - Analog Input Panel, Push Buttons
20 = Simulation; - Digital Input OpCode 2, dig.Chan.
40 = Special Mode; - Fixed Fuel (indicator diagram mode) OpCode 0, Param. 20
80 = Simulation; - Multi-freq. sinus noise (for Notch Filter) OpCode 1, Param. B8

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3.2.2 Low Voltage Alarm


LOW VOLTAGE on DGU panel (Regulator or Actuator side). ERROR DIODES on
Power Monitor card NN-825 fitted inside DGU (lower left corner), indicates witch
voltage that is too low. A signal from Power Monitoring Card is connected to
Regulator and Actuator Processor Cards and to Relay K3 - Low Voltage. The relay is
connected to the alarm central.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 15 LoVolt Power Monitoring Card, Check inside DGU and locate NN-825.
NN-825 See which led diode is lighting

Led indicators on NN-825


(Upper) 1. led + 24 V DC Supply error (Adjustable)
2. led - 15 V DC error
3. led + 15 V DC error
(Lower) 4. led + 5 V DC error

FAIL SYMPTOMS POSSIBLE CAUSES CORRECTIVE ACTION


24V Fuel Linkage Missing +24VDC Check power leads and
blocked from power converter terminals, check automatic
(Brake On) located in DSU unit fuse in DGU, DSU fuse
and power converter fuse.
+ 15V Engine normal Power monitoring Measure 15V signals.
- 15V running system. Voltage value If ok, then change NN-825
less than 12V Power Monitoring Card
Analog signals 15V power shorted or Replace DC-DC Converter
not normal. Internal Power failure or find short by removing
(input chan. 17-21) adaptorcard ch 17-21.
+5V Engine running Power monitoring Check/adjust 5V internal
normally system. Voltage less supply. If ok, change NN-
than 4.75V 825 Power Mon. card
System not normal +5V power shorted or Find short or overload.
Internal Power failure Disconnect part by part.

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3.2.3 RPM Detector Failure


This alarm indicates that there is something wrong with the speed pickups on the
flywheel or something along the lines and up to processor card in the DGU.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
normal normal No errors
ALr 1 30Loop Adaptor Ch.30 Check inside DGU at adaptor-card
Loop Fail ch 30 / 31 and find which led is on.
ALr 2 31Loop Adaptor Ch.31 a) Upper diode indicate open circuit
Loop Fail b) Lower diode indicate short circuit.
ALr 3 30Sign Adaptor Ch.30 a) Check pickup distance
Signal Fail b) Check pickup for dirt
c) Change pickup
ALr 4 31Sign Adaptor Ch.31 d) Check the supply voltage in the pickup,
box, terminal 1-3 and 5-7.
Signal Fail e) Change Counter IC-18a on NN-791
f) Change the NN-791 processor card
ALr 8 FAtALr Adaptor Ch.30 & 31 a) Check all the above possibillities .
Dual Rpm Detector
Fail.

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3.2.4 In-Data Error on Regulator


This alarm indicates something wrong with the analog input signals to the DGU.
See parameter 11/12 to find the channel.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12 Signal out of range
nr. text
ALr 9 17-Err Adaptor Ch.17 a) Check cables for short/open circuit.
Rpm Cmd (backup panel) b) Replace or adjust adaptor-card.
ALr10 18-Err Adaptor Ch.18 c) Check transducer.
Rpm Cmd (remote control)
ALr11 19-Err Adaptor Ch.19 d) Check for the “AC” parameter and see if
Pitch fedback. Actual Counts is changed when changing
ALr12 20-Err Adaptor Ch.20 the input signal.
Charge Air Pressure
ALr13 21-Err Adaptor Ch.21 e) Check adjustments in OpCode 2.
RPM Cmd (local control) signal error limits (EL, EH) and
scale (CO, CL, CH, tL, tH).

3.2.5 Out Data Error


This alarm indicates that there is something wrong with the communication between
regulator and actuator. The signal is going out of regulator on J6 in the center of
processor card. Then via a flatcable to the Asynchronous Data Buffer Card witch is
mounted directly on the actuator processor card plug J6. Verify that Actuator side is
working, by pushing parameter no "up/down". If it doesn't work, change Actuator
Processor card. If Actuator is working, change Data Buffer Card or flatcable.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 5 bUFF H Data Buffer NA-1105, Check inside DGU and locate NA-1105.
Hardware not responding See if the card or the flat cable has loosend or is
damaged.
ALr 6 bUFF C Data Buffer NA-1105, Change the Data Buffer or the processor cards.
Communication error.
Checksum error.

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3.3 Actuator Alarms


The following paragraphs describe the diagnostic aids available that will help to
perform first hand service on the Actuator system.

3.3.1 Feedback Failure


Feedback Failure indicates a malfunction in the signal sensed by the position
transducer (absolute encoder) or Data Buffer (NN-1105 mounted on processor).
Feedback fail will give blocking of the actuator. Reset feedback failure with the
manouver handle in stop. (Or by value Up button on parameter 7).

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 1 rAnGE Feedback fail, Check actuator function in test mode.
Signal out of range. Adjust the range if nesseserry.
ALr 2 Wr Feedback fail, Adjust the Wrong Way Timer if nesseserry (see
Way actuator wrong way actuator parameter adjustments).
rotation. Replace the Parvex ABS or SBS.
ALr 3 StEP Feedback fail, Check feedback cable or plug. Replace the NN-
Abrupt change. 1105 data buffer or absolut encoder.
ALr 4 too SLo Feedback fail, Check mechanical limits or restrictions. Check
Too Slow response. fuelrack for friction. Increase the adjustment of the
Too Slow Timer or Cmd.
Increase the actuator gain.
ALr 5 Loop F Feedback fail, Check feedback cable and plug. Replace the NN-
Loop Fail. 1105 data buffer or absolut encoder.

3.3.2 Indata Error on Actuator


ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE
par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 9 reg-dG Regulator Watch Dog a) Check the power plugs to the proc. card.
passive. b) Replace the processor card.
c) Check the flatcables to P1 plugs.
d) Replace the PPI on actuator processor card.
ALr 12 bUFF H Data Buffer NA-1105, Check inside DGU and locate NA-1105.
Hardware not responding See if the card or the flat cable is loose or
damaged.
ALr 13 bUFF C Data Buffer NA-1105, Change the Data Buffer or the processor cards.
Communication error.
Checksum error.

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3.3.3 Servo Amplifier Failure


This Alarm indicates Failure on DSU, Cable or Actuator Speed adaptor card. ch 13.
The DGU 8800e will automatically try to reset the failure with a remote reset to the
Servo Power Supply (ABS Module). Examine the LED status on the "ABS" Power
Supply inside the DSU cabinet.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 14 SErVo Servo Amplifier fail a) Servo power supply(220/440V, 3phase),
b) Servo drive enable signal in DSU,
c) El.motor thermic shut down,
d) 24 Volt in DSU not operative.

3.3.4 System in Test on Actuator


Two simulations is possible on the actuator.

Output simulation.
The output signals Torque Enable (ch.8) and Brake (ch.12) may be simulated in idle
mode. These bay be controlled by two parameters (see the parameter list).

Test Mode.
This alarm indicates that DGU is in test or calibration mode. If Mode Indication Led
indicates other than Idle or Normal, then the mode can be reset by adjusting parameter
1 (mode select) to IDLE appers in Mode indication leds.

If Command Lever is taken out of stop, the mode and simulation is automatically
changing to Normal mode and simulation off.

ALARMS ERROR POSSIBLE CORRECTIVE MEASURE


par. 11 par. 12
nr. text
ALr 7 SiMuLA System in test Reset test function.

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3.4 Special Messages


Some special messages can appear in the display of the DGU. These messages will
appear without selecting any special parameter and these messages are.

3.4.1 " -- e r r o r "


Error on the display means memory fail on the Processor Card. The error messages can
appear in both the Regulator and the Actuator side and the problem must be solved at
the correct card. Regulator is the innermost card in the front door and Actuator is the
outermost and most easy to access.

A) " -- error1" or
" -- error2 " or
" -- error3 "

Fatal "RAM" (Random Access Memory) error. The IC (Integrated Circuit) must be
changed. This memory is located on Processor Card in position UD1 (ref. card
layout).

B) " -- error4 " or


" -- error5 ".

Serious problem with the "E2PROM" (Electric Erasable Programmable Read Only
Memory) and it must be changed. This memory is located on Processor Card in
position UD5 (ref. card layout).

This IC is where all the adjustments of parameters is saved. This memory-test is


activated at Power Up or (if system is in Stop Command) by selecting "Selftest" Mode
with parameter "1" set to value = 4 and pushing the "Lamp Test" button. If memory is
OK then the normal "-- rEG UP " or "ELA UP " message appears.

NOTE: If the E2PROM has been changed, all parameters valus must be re-
programed. Default values will be loaded.

C) " -- error6 " or


" -- error7 " or
" -- error ".

Minor problem with the "E2PROM" and it will normally be possible to run the system,
but the IC should be changed as soon as possible. This memory is located on Processor
Card in position UD5 (ref. card layout).

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3.4.2 " -- l o a d "


Load indication on the display means E2PROM is being loaded from default data
values in the parameter list. The indication will disappear automatically when the
loading is completed. Loading is typical when powering up with a new E2PROM or a
newer EPROM program version. Normally there must be additional adjustments
according to the parameter-list.

3.4.3 " 88 888888 "


If "88 888888" appear on the display it can be "Freeze" or lamp test push button failure.
Ref. freeze problems or change front panel card.

3.4.4 Freeze
Special instructions are provided to prevent processor card form freezing (stopping).
However if cards and cables are connected or disconnected with the power on, freeze
and other damage may happen. Replace the processor cards. Check all screen
connections.

NOTE: Never connect or remove circuit boards or electric cables when power is on.

A) If " 88 888888 " appear on the display the Processor-Card has been exposed for
two much noise or for other reasons been interrupted so much, that the program-
counter has lost track of what to do. We say that the Processor-Card has "frozen".
This can be corrected by turning the Power Supply of for 5 sec. and then turning
it on again. The processor card must be changed or screening of cables must be
checked more closely.

B) Freeze can also happen without any indication on the display (it looks normal),
but the DGU does not respond to any push-buttons. The DGU will give alarm to
the alarm-central by the fail safe alarm relay controlled by a watch dog..

3.5 Actuator Unit


3.5.1 Unstable servo
If servo cylinder is unstable it can be caused by different matters.

a) Actuator P-gain parameter (ref. parameter-list) can be too high in value.


b) Regulator PI-gain too high.

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4. ADJUSTMENTS
4.1 START-UP

CAUTION:
The "Clamp Cone" must not be mechanically mounted before
the DGU 8800e, DSU and Electric Motor is operating normally.

4.1.1 Power-Up

a) Prior to first time start-up, the power cabling and connections must have been
thoroughly checked. Make sure the clamp cone is disconnected.

b) Make sure that the DGU 8800e internal ON/OFF fuse is in OFF position.

c) Switch on the main 110/220 VAC power to the DSU at the main power
distribution panel.

d) Check that the venting fans inside the DSU are running.

e) Measure the AC Voltage ( ±10%) and the 24 Volt on terminal DSU X1.

f) Switch on the 3 phase AC power to the TRAFO 001 by operating the fuse in
distribution panel.

g) Measure the 3 phase 135 Volt (±10%) on terminal DSU X1.

h) Switch on the On/Off Fuse inside the DGU 8800e. On the DGU panel, the system
should respond with "REG UP" and "ELA-UP". If the system is responding with
an "Error" message or an Alarm indication, refer to the trouble shooting
chapter. The Regulator and Actuator System of the DGU are programmed for the
particular installation, and the required values are listed in the commissioning
lists. If program packages are replaced, initial values are set automatically when
powering up. The parameter values must be re-adjusted in accordance with the
commissioning list for the ship.

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4.1.2 Adjust BASIC parameters.

These steps are important!

A) Adjust Regulator Op Code 1 - System Parameters.


a) first set 1.77 Actuator type (El-Act / Pn-SAA) to El-Act.
b) then set 1.78, 1.79 El Actuator Arm, Gear Ratio. Default 140mm and 1:89
c) then set 1.53 CPP version (CPP/F-reg). Default is = F-reg.
d) then set 1.01 Engine maker (ManBW / Sulzer) to Sulzer
e) then set 1.02 - 1.11 Engine data.
f) then set 1.12 - 1.14 Start settings.
g) then set 1.17 Activate automatically speed settings.
(Affects par. 0.6, 1.18, 1.20, 1.29, 1.59, 1.60).
h) then set 1.61 Activate automatically fuel settings.

b) Adjust Regulator Op Code 2 - Signal I/O adjustments.

c) Adjust Regulator Op Code 1 - Function adjustments.


Set function adjustment if requested.

d) Test the actuator with regulator start/stop or "Fuel set point Mode". Adjustments
required are normally ; elact type, Engine maker, actuator gain and output offset.
(See parameter description for more information if required).
Her må parameter-referansene være feil.

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4.1.3 Actuator zero adjustment

a) Verify that actuator arm tolerances are according to Wärtsila NSD specification.
This is vital for the reliability of the clamp cone.
b) Clean the surface of the clamp cone, the actuator arm and the actuator axle from
grease and tectyl coating.
c) Set the cmd handle to stop and ensure that the actuator feedback signal show 0.0.
In case of actuator feedback offset, activate actuator parameter 18 (auto setting)
to compensate for “output offset”. Then the feedback (act.param.3) should be 0.0.
d) Make sure that the actuator rotates the correct way. Rotation is adjustable with the
Dip. switch setting. Ref. Appendix for Dip. switches and Fig. 4.1
e) Set the emergency stand to stop.
f) Assemble the actuator arm and clamp cone on the axle, tighten the bolts slightly,
then center the position of the actuator arm on the clamp cone.
g) Tighten the bolts diagonally. Use a torque wrench for correct torque ;
Tighten ELACT 001 to 38 Nm.
h) If oil is used to prevent the clamp cone to corrode or permanent fixation be sure to
not use grease, oil containing molybdenum sulfide or oil additives for high
pressure.

Figure 4.1 Rotation of actuator. (CW = Clock Wise, CCW = Counter Clock Wise).

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4.1.4 Fuel Output Signals (Option)


Two output channels (ch.3* and ch.4) may be used to measure fuel rack position. The
input for these channels are the actuator position. To conform either to the fuel pump
index-grading, or fuel setting in % of maximum the signal to the user may be
conditioned by ZERO and SPAN adjustments on adaptor cards. Ch 4 output signal may
be adjust by low count at zero and high count at full instrument value. Count
adjustment will affect ch 3 as well, if it is wired to ch 4. See parameter 45 and 46 on the
actuator.
*Note: Ch.3 require special back wiring (to ch 4).
1) Obtain a linearized curve of fuel pump index versus actuator position.
2) Set the actuator in TEST mode (par. 1 is set to value 2).
3) Activate the FUEL test-button, and simulate an actuator position with the PLUS
and MINUS buttons.
4) Read the actuator position on par. 3 in the data value display, while adjusting
ZERO and SPAN.
5) Repeat ZERO and SPAN trim until satisfied.

4.1.5 RPM detectors


For proper speed detection, correct alignment of the pick-up unit is necessary. The
DGS 8800e system requires two pick-ups sensors. There are no requirements to the
phase between DGS pickups. Make sure the cable connection is tight and water proof,
and that the RPM pick-ups (normally delivered by engine builder) are mounted in
accordance to instructions given by Wärtsila NSD. Signal checking may be done while
running with turning gear. The square wave signal should measure approxemately 4
Volt at low level and apprexemately 10 Volt at high level.

NOTE:
Before starting the engine, make sure Safety System is working properly.
Check shut down, overspeed and emergency stop function.

After this have been carried out, the engine should be ready to start from the governor.

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4.2 Regulator parameter description.


4.2.1 Regulator parameter adjustments
The parameters in the regulator is grouped in 3 different OpCodes. See parameter list
about how to select the different OpCodes for DGU 8800e.
 OpCode 0 is for normal operation and readable parameters.
 OpCode 1 is for all function adjustments.
 OpCode 2 is for Input signal scaling and conditioning.
Parameter List and Function Diagram show the system limiting parameters. The
relevant commissioning list defines the value of the parameters to be set after a change
of program modules or re-initialization of system parameters. During dock or sea-
trials, the parameters are set by the commissioning engineer in co-operation with the
engine builder.

*DFEB* = DATA FROM ENGINE BUILDER.


i.e. - the parameter value must be given by the Engine Builder.

4.2.2 Regulator input signal adjustment


The configuration may vary from ship to ship, but exact configuration can be seen in
the connection diagram for each ship. Refer to wiring diagrams to see the exact
configuration.

4.2.3 Digital signals


This adjustment is protected under the service code. All ON/OFF signals can be
inverted. This is normally set up by the Norcontrol commissioning engineer or other
authorized personnel. If incorrect adjustment, fatal performance error may occure.
Adjustment is programmed in Regulator OpCode 2 and each channel can be set by the
"Or" parameter. Also on/off delay can be set. These parameters are showed in
Appendix C.

4.2.4 Analog signals


This adjustment is protected under the service code. Scaling values must be set in
accordance with the commissioning list. The range for input signals is 0 to 4095
counts. Some part of this signal is kept as a margin to detect missing or too big signal
(Indata Error). The input signal is normally adjusted to a range of 100 to 4000 counts.
Counts is a value converted to decimal number from the data pattern converted from the
Analog to Digital Converter (A/D), 1 count = 5 mV. Internal signal is ±10V. These
parameters are showed in Appendix D. See also parameter list OpCode 2.

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4.2.5 OpCode 0 Parameters.


Parameter 1-5 is readable information.
With parameter 6 is possible to adjust the maximum speed (in RPM) for the governor.
This parameter will normally be adjusted to the speed corresponding to Max Contineus
Rating.
With parameter 7 is possible to adjust the maximum fuel (in Linkage Position) for the
governor. This parameter will normally be adjusted to the speed corresponding to Max
Contineus Rating.
With parameter 8 is possible to adjust the deadband speed for the governor. Default is 2
rpm and that means  2 rpm relative to the cmd lever. This parameter value will
normally be increased (to 3-5rpm) if a more stabile fuelrack is wanted .
Parameter 9 is not used. Ref. parameter list INFORMATION, OTHER STATUS

Parameter 10 show governor alarm status.


To access parameters above nr. 10, the Change Key must be set to open.
Parameter 11 show regulator alarm nr.
Parameter 12 show regulator alarm text.
Parameter 13 is not used.
Parameter 14 selects general information to parameter 4. See table.
OpCode 0, Select data to Regulator (parameter 4)
Param. 14 "General Information"
0 Propeller pitch
1 RPM command difference (Control room - bridge) (RPM)
2 RPM command alternative (The one not in use) (RPM)
3 RPM command from control room (RPM)
4 RPM command from bridge (RPM)
5 Fuel command to actuator (% fuel)
6 Lowest fuel limiter (% fuel)
7 Margin to lowest fuel limiter (% fuel)
8 Identity of lowest active fuel limiter:
identity value
0.0 = No Fuel Limiter 4.0 = Zero Pitch Fuel Limiter,Cpp
only
1.0 = Torque Fuel Limiter 5.0 = Start Fuel Setpoint
2.0 = Charge. air Fuel Limiter
3.0 = Manual Fuel Limiter 99.0 = Maximum Fuel Output

Parameter 16-19 are for trouble shooting. See trouble shooting shapter.
Parameter 20-21 are used when engine performanc diagram is to be taken. Param. 20
may be activated when engine speed is within 50 to 105% of mcr speed. And param. 21
may be used for fine tuning of the fixed fuel position when this function is activated.

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4.2.6 OpCode 1 Parameters.


The following is a description of adjustment by OpCode 1;

4.2.7 Engine Data.

OpCode 1 - Parameter 1 Engine Maker.

Two different makers can be selected. "SULZER" or "MAN B&W". This parameter
controls;
a. the I/O signal definition.
b. the running mode sequences (stop, start, run,,,).
c. the RPM Cmd select signals.
d. the Fuel Limiter curves.

OpCode 1 - Parameter 2-8 (engine data).

These parameters set the MAIN P-gain and the I-gain for the governor and is vital for
correct operation of the governor. These data must be given by the engine builder.
· Parameter 1.2 defines the number of teeth on the Gearwheel (numbers of pulses
received for one revolution). This generates the basis for RPM measurements and
must always be equal to actual number of teeth.
· Parameter 1.3 defines the number of cylinders. This value is used by the
governor to set delay estimate for P-Gain and is also used for Adaptive RPM
Filter.
· Parameter 1.4 defines the engine power in mega-watt (MW). MW is found from
1000 HP multiplied with 0.736. (E.g. 15 000 hp => 15*0.736 = 11.04 MW).
· Parameter 1.5 defines the RPM at MCR (Max. Continues Rating).
· Parameter 1.6 defines the total Inertia in Ton square-meters. (1000 Kgm2).

The purpose of the next parameters is to set a refrence base for automatic fuel limiter
function.

· Parameter 1.7 Pe, defines the Mean Cylinder Pressure at MCR. (Bar).
· Parameter 1.8 Psc, defines the Charge Air Pressure at Mcr. (Bar).

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OpCode 1 - Parameter 9-11 (Scaling of fuel rack).

These parameters set the output stroke range for the actuator.
· Parameter 1.9* defines the Actuator stroke at Mcr.
· Parameter 1.10 defines the Fuel Pump Stroke at Mcr.
· Parameter 1.11 defines the Fuel Pump Offset.
Note: The governor needs two parameters in order to convert the actuator stroke
(default 100mm) into correct actuator angle and fuel command value. These are;
1.78 Actuator Arm (default 140mm) and 1.79 Actuator Gear Ratio. Value is 89
(default) for ELACT 001. These parameters must be set corresponding to actual
values. See the gear type and check the actuator arm on the engine.

Make Scale.
* Parameter 1.9 may be set by semi automatic operation if the actuator stroke is
unknown. The procedure to do so is;
a) While the rpm cmd handle is in stop and the main engine do not rotate. Turn the
Change Lock Key to Open. Then position the actuator by + or - button (or by manual
control) to Max. Pump index position. Check position at fuel pumps.
b) Set the Mcr. Pump Index parameter (1.10) to corresponding value.
c) Set the Enable scale parameter (1.80) to “EnA” (Enable new scale).
d) Set the Make scale parameter (1.81) to “Set” (Set new scale).
If the parameter 1.81 responds with “nEW Sc” (New Scale) and “Scale” the
operation was successful. Save the new values for Actuator stroke (1.9).

Figure 4.2 Actuator Arm.

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The action of a “Make Scale” operation is.


a) Regulator checks that enable scale parameter (1.80) is enabled and that actuator is
positioned at more than 10% of normal stroke. If one of these two conditions is
not fulfilled the operation will be aborted and “disable” will appear in the make
scale parameter 1.81 for a few seconds.
b) Regulator will read actual actuator position counts from actuator.
c) Regulator will calculate the actuator stroke parameter 1.9 by use of the position
counts, the actuator arm parameter (1.79) and the gear ratio parameter (1.78).
e) Regulator will reset the make scale parameter (1.80) to “Sc diS” (Scale disable).
Parameter 1.81 will show “Set Sc” for a few seconds and if result was successful
it will show “new Sc” for some seconds and then go back to “ScALE.”.
Note. The regulator will not save these values automatically. Push save to keep the
values.

The action after a change in actuator stroke parameter 1.9 ( regardless if the change was
made from manual change or made from make scale function). A change in max.
pump index parameter (1.10) or a change in Offset Pump Index parameter (1.11) is.

a) Calculate scaling factors for converting regulator values 0-100% (0.58) to act mm
(0.61), pump index values(0.62), angles(0.63) and counts (0.64).
b) Calculate max. angle (0.65) and max. counts (0.66).
c) Calculate actuator help. (Scale factors and operating range for actuator).

No Actuator side may be selected to disregard the actuator help and use
te its own manual parameter settings.
A Calculates actuator max. operating range in counts sent by regulator.
Legal counts for normal operation.
B Dependent of Pump Index Scale parameter (1.82), calculates
actuator (parameter 2,3 & 4) display scale factor (0.BA) sent by
regulator for;
1) Pump Index Scale parameter 1.82 = False, 0-100 scale
2) Pump Index Scale parameter 1.82 = True, pump index scale.

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4.2.8 RPM Cmd Limiting

Parameter 1.12, 1.13, "Normal Start Setpoint" & "Heavy Start Setpoint" *DFEB*

Start-setpoints define the initial fuel setting in Pump Index during engine startup.
"Heavy Start Setpoint" is automatically set during heavy start conditions
generated in the remote control system. The switches "emergency run" or "cancel
limiters" can also be used if these switches are connected. Start settings are in
Pump Index scale.

Note: If Non Linear compensation due to low rpm and the parameter for overriding
fuellimiters are both set to true, the pump index is increased while the engine is
eighter stopped or is running slower than the low rpm level. In this case the
fuelrack position will decrease to actual setting when engine rpm picks up. The
fuel injected at low speed is reduced (by the fuelpump itself) and is compensated
during start. (See non linear function for more details).

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Parameter 1.14, "Fuel Start Extension Time"


Defines the prolongation of the fixed fuel after stop signal to fuel pumps is
released. Unit is seconds. If the speed of the engine is accelerating up to above the
setting of the cmd handle, the extension time is terminated and the governor start
to regulate immediately.
Parameter 1.15, "Speed Start Setpoint, Rpm level"
Defines the speed start setpoint. The regulator will hold this rpm level for the
delay time if a start is detected.
Parameter 1.16, "Speed Start Setpoint, Delay Time"
Defines the prolongation of the fixed rpm during a start. Unit is seconds. Default
is 6 sec. This rpm start setpoint will behave in the same way as the bridge control
system start setpoint also when governor is in control room mode. This start
setpoint will not and shall not work together with QPT function
Parameter 1.17, "Set Rpm Levels"
Upon activation of this parameter, these rpm parameters are set;
a) 0.06 Manual Rpm level is to 100% of mcr.
b) 1.18 Slow down is set to 60% of mcr.
c) 1.20 Rpm command rate filter change level is set to 75% of mcr.
d) 1.29 Max. speed at cancel limiters is set to 103.2% of mcr.
(The speed for 110% power on a propeller curve, is equal to 100%
plus
the square route of 10%).
e) 1.59 Fuel setpoint mode. Zero fuel, low rpm is set to 25% of mcr.
f) 1.60 Fuel setpoint mode. 100% fuel, high rpm is set to 95% of mcr.
The engine data parameters (1.01-1.11), must be set in advance. It is also
possible to set the rpm levels manually.
Parameter 1.61, "Set Fuel Limiters"
Upon activation of this parameter, values for; torque, scav. air and manual
limiters is set based on engine data parameters. The settings is according to
WNSCH specifications. The engine data parameters (1.01-1.11), must be set in
advance. It is also possible to set the fuel limiters manually.
Parameter 1.18, "Slow down" *DFEB*
Generates limitations in the RPM Cmd provided there is a slow down signal
coming from the Safety System. (Slow down is canceled by the shaft generator
function, if activated).
Parameter 1.19, "Fixed speed"
Set the speed level when the Ch. 27 Fixed Speed is activated. This cmd will
override the handle setting and the “Backup” mode when input is active. This

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may be activated both for F-Reg and CPP systems. See also 1.AF Fixed speed
location.

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Parameter 20-24, "RPM Command Acceleration Limiting"


Adjustments to prevent hazardous operation of the engine. Parameter 1.20
CHANGE LEVEL, divides the RPM range into an upper and lower level, each
with the possibility to limit the rate of speed command in positive and negative
directions. Ref. parameter list.
Parameter 25-28, "Critical RPM ranges" *DFEB*
The upper and lower values of the barred RPM CMD range are programmed.
Two ranges are possible to set. Note that the two ranges must not overlap.

Figure 4.3 Critical speed. Blocked areas.

Parameter 1.29, "Max. speed at cansel limiter”


This rpm level replaces the value of manual rpm limiter (in parameter 0.06) when
the cancel limiters is activated.

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4.2.9 Measured RPM Filters

Parameter 1.30, "RPM Detector Warning Delay"


Alarm for pickup failure on one pickup can be delayed. False alarms may appear
due to heavy vibrations on the RPM pickup sensor brackets.

Parameter 1.31, "Max RPM Variation"


This filter shall stop false signals in measured RPM readings. The value is
normally from 5 to 40 (rpm/20 ms) (corresponding to 250-2000 RPM/sec).
Parameter 1.32, "Measured RPM Low-pass Filter"
This filter shall prevent high frequent noise in measured RPM readings. The
value is normally from 0.500 to 0.800 (corresponding to 30-90 ms filter delay).
The formula is t = -1 / (50ln(x)). e.g. par = 0.800, t = -1/(50ln(0.800) = 0.0896
sec.
Parameter 1.33, "RPM Low-pass Filter For Display"
This filter shall increase readability of RPM. Only active for display. The value
is adjustable from 0.00 to 0.99 (corresponding to 5ms.- 2sec. time constant).
Parameter 1.34-1.37, "Adaptive Filter"
Parameter 1.34 must be set to "notch" to enable this filter. The filter shall prevent
low speed engines with 4-5 cylinder to jiggle from speed variations due to
combustion. Filtering measured speed. The "Max RPM Filter" parameter 1.35 is
normally set to 50 RPM. The filter should not be connected if greater disturbance
is supplied from the sea or from other source. Automatically connection is
controlled by parameter 1.36 and disconnection by parameter 1.37.

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4.2.10 Speed Controller Response


The parameter list shows the regulating response conditioning parameters. If the
regulator program is changed, the values to be set should correspond to the values in the
Parameter List. During commissioning, the values may be changed from the initial set-
up values.

Parameters from "Engine Data" defines the basic gain for the governor. However, it is
possible to modify the gain with some parameters. This must be tested on sea trial.

Parameter 1.40-1.43, "D-Gain"


When the parameter 1.40 “D-gain function on” is "True" and when Rough Sea
button is pushed on front panel or parameter 1.41 “D-Gain also in normal sea”
condition is “True”, the governor is operating as an PID governor in stead of a PI
governer. Parameter 1.43 “Rpm Filter for D-Gain” is limiting the peak values or
noice on the measured speed used for D-Gain. Increasing the filter value will
reduce the D-gain and may generate a phase delay causing oscillations, if the
value is too high. Decreasing the filter may stimulate noise to go through the D-
gain and give fuelrack kick. Parameter 1.43 “Gain”, set the D-gain value.
Increased value give more gain. Do not adjust higher than 1.0 unless this is tested
properly in very heavy sea. If a high value is set in D-Gain, the "Rough Sea P-
Gain" should be reduced accordingly to prevent a too high total loop gain whitch
may cause instability.
Parameter 1.44, "RPM CMD Forward Gain"
"RPM Cmd Forward Function" is to be adjusted to 1.0 for standard setting. For
reduction of gain, the fuel from the forward gain will be reduced. E.g. a value of
0.5 will give half the fuel that 1.0 will give. The resulting fuel on fuelrack will
not be any different, but the composition of PID + F will be different. If reduced
forward gain is used, the response to RPM command changes will be slower.
Parameter 1.45, "Reduction Gain In Deadband Zone".
When "Constant Fuel" push-button is OFF, the deadband zone has a reduced PI-
gain. The gain is divided by the factor in parameter 1.45. The deadband zone is
adjusted in parameter 0.08. If the "Constant Fuel" push-button is On, the
deadband is only valid as long as the Constant Fuel Function is "searching" and
the LED is flashing. See also the "Constant Fuel Mode".
NOTE: D-Gain function will stabilize speed, but increase activity on the fuel rack.
The regulating of speed due to "Propeller Load Variation", is limited due to
e.g. turbo stalling. This is an engine or turbo limitation and is not possible to
override by adjustments on regulator. Reduce RPM cmd in very Rough Sea!

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Parameter 1.46 - 1.49. "PI-Gain"


There are two sets of P and I gain. One for "Normal Sea" condition and one
for "Rough Sea".
P-Gain means Proportional gain. A function that increases fuel instantly and
directly proportional to the "Rpm Deviation" ( Rpm Cmd - Rpm Measured).
Main setting of P-gain is done from the calculation of Engine Power, Speed
and Inertia Masses. The gain value is multiplied with parameter. E.g. a value
of 2.0 doubles the P-Gain while a value of 0.5 reduces the gain to half.
I-Gain means Integration time. A Function that increases the fuel gradually
and the increase speed depends on the Rpm Deviation. Main setting of I-gain is
done from the calculation of Engine Power, Speed and Inertia Masses. This
value is multiplied with I-Gain parameter. E.g. a value of 2.0 doubles the time
while a value of 0.5 halves the time.
Parameter 1.46 and 1.47, "PI-Gain when Rough Sea push-button is activated".
Parameter 1.46, rough sea P-Gain is normally set to 0.9, but must be seen in
conjunction with the D-Gain. If D-Gain is increased the P-Gain must be
decreased.
Parameter 1.47, the Rough Sea I-Gain is normally set to 3.0 for 3 times longer
integration time.
Parameter 1.48 and 1.49 is used when Rough Sea Button NOT is activated.
Normal P- and I-Gain is normally set to 1.0.
.

NOTE: By activating the CAL-button on the regulator test panel, abrupt changes in
RPM values are simulated. This allows the operator to look at speed
response while changing any parameter.

Parameter 1.50 and 1.52, "LDG, Load Dependent Gain"


Parameter 1.50 switches the LDG function on or off. Parameter 1.51 is an
adjustment to set up a correct load curve for LDG function. This offset shall
contain fuel pump offset plus load required to keep the engine running at
minimum speed. When the ship is running at a steady speed (minimum 5 minutes)
the adjustment can be checked. A readable value indicating "LDG correction
factor" in parameter 0.77 should obtain a value of 1.00. If parameter 0.51 factor is
too low adjust parameter 1.51 down. Parameter 1.52 is compensation gain. This
value can increase or decrease the compensation from LDG function. if gain is set
to 0.0 the compensation will be zero. Same as switching the function off. Gain
compensation is limited from 0.4 to 1.2 (40% to 120% gain comp.).

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Parameter 1.53 - 1.57, "CPP settings"


Parameter 1.53 selects between FIX propeller and CPP system regulator. If set to
"CPP" the regulator will behave as a CPP system regulator and the following
parameters are active. Default is “F-rEG” indicating Fixed propeller system..
Parameter 1.54, Minimum Pitch value to be used for Integration gain
compensation and for Zero Pitch Fuel Limiter.
Parameter 1.55, Minimum Pitch value to be used for Pitch Forward gain.
Parameter 1.56, Zero Pitch Fuel Limiter must be adjusted to the level of fuel at
minimum pitch (value of parameter 54), the engine speed at mcr value and the
shaft generator (if any) to maximum load. However, never below start setting.

Backup mode, generated from ch 26. (Br. ctrl. power fail) and only possible to
activate in bridge control. Backup speed will be the current engine running speed.

Fixed speed mode, may override the backup mode is ch.27 (Fixed speed) is
activated. See parameter 1.29 for setting of fixed speed and parameter 1.AF for
control position.

NOTE:
Both “Backup mode” and “Fixed speed mode” will behave in the same way
regardless if it is a FIX propeller systems or a CPP systems.

4.2.11 Fuel Setpoint


Parameter 1.58 and 1.60, "Fuel Setpoint"
To be able to run in setpoint mode the setpoint function parameter 1.58 must be
set to true. If set to false, the fuel setpoint button will be disabled. Adjust the
parameter 1.59 ("Handle Zero Fuel" value) corresponding the dead slow rpm. and
parameter 1.60 ("Handle 100% Fuel value) corresponding to full sea speed.

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4.2.12 Fuel Limiters


NOTE: The fuel limiters must be set according to engine builder specification.

The 100% fuel position is set by parameter 1.09 and 1.10. These two parameters scale
the output to actuator positioner. It is hovever possible to increse fuel above this point
by the cancel limiter switch. The engine data for mcr values shall not be increased even
if the fuel is to be increased above this settings. If CPP system, see also parameter 1.55
Zero Pitch Fuel Limiter.

Parameter 1.61, "Set Fuel Limiters"


Upon activation of this parameter, values for; torque, scav. air and manual
limiters is set based on engine data parameters. The settings is according to
WNSCH specifications. The engine data parameters (1.01-1.11), must be set in
advance. It is also possible to set the fuel limiters manually. Do not activate this
parameter if any of the fuelimiter values is set manually. They will be overwritten
by this parameter.

Parameter 1.62, "Raise Fuel Limiters"


Parameter 1.62. Raise Fuel Limiters will increase fuel limiters. When Cancel
Limiter signal is activated, the parameter 1.62 will set the value for lifting up the
fuel limiters. The Charge Air and Torque limiters are raised relative to the curves.
The manual fuel limiter is changed to 100% plus the increase value, regardless
what the manual setting parameter 0.06 is set to. It is possible to run 110% load,
only by activating the cancel limiter signal (the engine speed and scav.air pressure
has to be above restricted range in that case). Rpm will be raised by parameter
1.29.
For an SULZER RTA engine it is only allowed to run 110% load maximum
1 hour every 12 hours. Otherwise the engine may be damaged.

Parameter 1.63 to 1.69, "Torque Fuel Limit"


The "Torque Fuel Limiter" limits the fuel according to the measured RPM. This
limiter should be set according to engine manufacturer recommendations. The
lifetime of the engine may be reduced if this setting is changed.
Parameter 1.63-1.66 corresponds to 4 points on the RPM axis. Param.1.67-1.69
corresponds to the fuel in % of full MCR value. The slope start may generally be
set to 10% above the actual engine curve and matching at the top (100%).

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Parameter 1.70 to 1.75, "Charge Air Fuel Limit"


The "Charge Air Fuel Limiter" limits the fuel according to the pressure measured
on the scav. air receiver. This limiter should be set according to engine
manufacturer recommendations. The lifetime of the engine may be reduced if
this setting is changed.
Parameter 1.70-1.72 corresponds to 3 points on the Charge Air Pressure axis (in
BAR). Parameter 1.73-1.75 corresponds to the fuel in % of full MCR value. The
limit curve may generally be set to 10% above the normal engine characteristic in
the lower part and matching at the top (100%).

4.2.13 Actuator type setting.


Parameter 1.76, "Actuator Info"
The actuator may show different regulator values. These values are selected by
the regulator parameter 1.76.

"Actuator Information"
Select regulator value by Op1 - par.76. Display value in Actuator par. 6
text value Value displayed

0 Cmd Rpm Speed setpoint ( 0-300 Rpm )


1 Eng. Rpm Actual engine speed ( 0-300 Rpm)
2 torque Fuel pump position cmd. ( 0 - 100 %) without nonlinear compensation
3 Power Engine Power ( 0 - 100 %) = (Fuel cmd * Engine speed)
4 Load Fuel pump position cmd. ( 0 - 100 %) with nonlinear compensation
5 PuMP I Pump Index ( 0 - 150 Pump mm)
6 ACt. MM Actuator stroke (0 - 100 mm)
7 AnGLE Angle (0 - 42 Deg.,) Only relevant for El. Actuator
8 Count Actuator Command (Counts)

Parameter 1.77, "Actuator type"


Select actuator type between the following alternatives.
1. Pn SAA, Pneumatic Switch Air Actuator
2. ElAct, Electric actuator (Type 001, 002 or 003).

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Parameter 1.78 - 1.83, "Electric Actuator"


Parameter 1.78 & 1.79. This two parameter set the stroke of the actuator and
should be set to exact actual values. See also "Engine Data" parameters.
Parameter 1.78. "ELECTRIC ACTUATOR ARM".
This parameter should be used with electric actuator only. The value should
indicate the length of the actuator arm.
Parameter 1.79. "ELECTRIC ACTUATOR GEAR RATIO".
This parameter should be used to set the gear ratio of the electric actuator. The
gear ratio is 89:1 for ELACT 001 and 59:1 for ELACT 002/003. The value
programmed in this parameter should be 89 or 59.
Parameter 1.80. "Enable New Scale".
This parameter must be set to “Sc EnA” (Scale Enable) to make a new scale and
actuator position measurement.
Parameter 1.81. "Make New Scale".
The action of a “Make Scale” operation is. a) Regulator checks that enable scale
parameter (1.80) is enabled and that actuator is positioned at more than 10% of
normal stroke. If either of these conditions are not fulfilled the operation will be
aborted and “disable” will appear in the make scale parameter 1.81 for a few
seconds. b) Regulator will read actual actuator position counts from actuator. c)
Regulator will calculate the actuator stroke parameter 1.9 by use of the position
counts, the actuator arm parameter (1.79) and the gear ratio parameter (1.78). e)
Regulator will reset the make scale parameter (1.80) to “Sc diS” (Scale disable).
Parameter 1.81 will show “Set Sc” for a few seconds and if result was successful
it will show “new Sc” for a few seconds and then go back to “ScALE.” on. The
regulator will not save these values automatically. Push “SAVE” to keep the
values.
Parameter 1.82. "Actuator Display Scale in Pump Index.
If set to “TRUE”. (Valid for actuator parameter 2,3 & 4). The actuator may show
the values for fuel position by the scale of the fuel pump.
If set to “FALSE”. The actuator may show the values for fuel position by the
scale of 0-100.0 corresponding to actuator stroke in mm.
In any case the regulator may calculate this factor. The actuator may use this
factor or not and this may be selected in the actuator parameters (see actuator
scale source selection).

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4.2.14 Dead band mode or constant fuel mode


Front panel push button “dead band” with two diffrent functions. Both have the
intention to save fuel by running with more constant fuel. The engine speed will
vary within some limits. However these two functions behave different.
Parameter 1.A4 select for Dead Band function or Constant Fuel function. For
Sulzer RTA engines, Constant Fuel mode is to be used.
Parameter 1.A4 = false, "Dead band Mode"
When parameter 1.A4 is set to "false" the dead band function is possible to
activate. Dependent of the dead band push button on the front panel of DGU, the
dead band function is activated or deactivated.
1. Deadband Off. The deadband push button LED is off. Speed regulation is
active, but with reduced gain inside the deadband.

2. Deadband On. The deadband push button LED is on. Speed regulation is
passive when engine speed is within the dead band value. Purpose is to save fuel
and reduce load variations on the engine. Dead band value is adjustable by
parameter 0.8 (default 2 rpm).
Parameter 1.A4 = true, "Constant Fuel Mode"
The purpose of this function is to save fuel. It is possible to run in rough sea if the
cmd handle is reduced down from 100 % setting. Otherwise it will not lock and
save fuel. When parameter 1.A4 is set to "true" (on) the constant fuel function is
possible to activate. When constant fuel push-button is not activated the function
is passive and regulation is normal. When constant fuel push-button is activated
the function have 2 stages; 1. Searching and 2. Constant fuel.
1. Searching mode.
The deadband push button LED is activated and the push button LED flashing.
The mode will automatically try to change to constant fuel mode, but 4 criteria
must be met to get constant fuel mode.
nr. CRITERIA TO GET - CONSTANT FUEL MODE parameter
I Engine speed must be within the engage band. 1.A6, 1.A7
II Engine speed must be within the upper and lower limits. 1.AA, 1.AB
III Rpm Cmd handle must not be changed.
IV Criteria I, II and III must be true for the engage time. 1.A5

2. Constant Fuel mode.


The constant fuel mode push button LED keep constant light. This mode will
remain as long as the following criteria are present. Otherwise the search mode
will be reactivated and LED will be flashing.
nr. CRITERIA TO REMAIN - CONSTANT FUEL MODE parameter
I Engine speed must be within the disengage band. 1.A8, 1.A9
II Engine speed must be within the upper and lower limits. 1.AA, 1.AB
III Rpm Cmd handle must not be changed.

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Figure 4.5 Constant fuel mode.

Parameter 1.A6 - 1.A7, " engage band."


Two Parameters set the engage band. The band is relative to rpm command
handle and should not be too wide. A upper and lower engage value of 1 - 4 rpm
should be normal. If the band is too wide the speed at constant fuel will not be
precise. Too small band however, will never give the function a possibility to give
constant fuel rack.
Parameter 1.A8 - 1.A9, " dis-engage band."
Two Parameters set the dis-engage band. The band is relative to rpm command
handle and should be wider than engage band. An upper value of 2 - 8 and a
lower value of 3 - 10 rpm should be normal. If the band is too small the speed
settled will not be precise. Too small however will never give the function a
possibility to lock the fuel rack.
Parameter 1.AA - 1.AB, "Lower and Upper limits."
The lower limit should not be set lower than “half” and if non linear
compensation is activated, never set lower than the compensation starting speed.
A value of 50 rpm should be normal.
The upper limit should not be set higher than “102% of mcr. This should enable
running at 100% speed with fixed fuel in nice weather. A value equal to max
speed + 2 rpm should be normal. The upper limit must not be set above the
overspeed limit (107%), otherwise the engine will often overspeed and stop.

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4.2.15 Various parameters. (Stop signal, Cancel limiters,,,)


Parameter 1.AC, "Stop / Fuel zero order"
The status for Stop, Start, and Running is controlled by one signals from each
cmd position. This signal is named “fuel zero order”. There is an option to use
two input signals (stop and not go), this parameter can select this. To use one
input signal, set this parameter to “true” is used. When only one signal is used,
the Stop signal is generated internally from the engine speed. As soon as the
engine starts rotating the stop signal is released. If engine stops the stop signal is
activated. The system will use require two signals (stop and not go) if the
parameter is set to “false”.
Parameter 1.AD, "Cansel Limiters/Heavy Start With One Channel Only"
The Heavy Start signal can be one or two inputs. When this parameter is "True"
the hardware channel 29 will control the Cancel Limiters/Heavy Start in all
modes. If this parameter is set to "False" there will be two hardware channels (29
and 32) controlling the Cancel Limiters/Heavy Start signal. channel 29 in
"Bridge control" mode and channel 32 in "Control room" mode.
Parameter 1.AE, "Fuel Limiter Prewarning"
The fuel limiter prewarning signal indicates that the fuel used by the engine is
close to one of the limiter curves. If prewarning alarm is connected, the
prewarning distance in Fuel Index value can be adjusted on this parameter. A
value of 5 is normal when this function is used. The signal is sometimes used by
the CPP control system in case of controllable pitch propeller system.
Parameter 1.AF, "Fixed SpeedLocation"
The fixed speed signal from ch.27, may be activated from remote control system,
from ctrl. room back-up panel, from both or from none. This parameter set the
location from where to operate.

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4.2.16 Alarm Adjustments


Parameter 1.B0-1.B3, "Alarm Adjustments"
The alarms detected in the regulator side are possible to delay from regulator
parameters. Some alarms are also generated in the actuator side and they are
possible to delay from the actuator side. See actuator parameters. All alarms are
latched up with LED indicators and must be reset with parameter 10 (both
regulator side and actuator side). See also trouble shooting chapter on alarm
indications. Adjustment and conditioning of signals and finding the reason for
alarms.
Parameter 1.B0 "Alarm Time Delay"
Time delay for alarm input. Delay before alarm indication is latched. (default 1
sec.) For some alarms like rpm detector failure, bridge ctrl. system power fail,
actuator feedback failure and similar, there will be safety actions like fuel rack
block or backup mode, before the alarm is indicated. These delays are only for the
alarm relay output and have no effect on safety function.
Parameter 1.B1 "Alarm Relay Active/Passive Time". K4 relay.
When major alarms (critical alarms) are activated they will be sent through the
actuator controlled K2 relay, regardless of whether they are generated on
regulator or actuator side. K2 relay time delay is controlled by actuator
parameters.
The minor alarms (warnings) are trigged from regulator or actuator and they will
be sent to relay K4. This relay is controlled by regulator side and will keep a
minimum on time and a minimum off time. These times are adjustable by
parameters 1.B1 (Active) and B2 (passive). The purpose of this adjustments are
to enable the alarm system to detect these pulses in case of low sampling time on
the alarm system. Alarm relay will only be activated when the alarm is present
plus on delay time. K1, Fail Safe Relay has a delay at power on equal to actuator
alarm on delay. K3, Low Voltage alarm is not possible to on or off delay, since it
is hardware controlled. however the Low Voltage alarm is also flagged by K4
relay.
Parameter 1.B3 "K4 Alarm Relay Activity"
The alarm relay activity may be inverted to make opposite activity. Note; relay
also have normal open and normal closed contacts.

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4.2.17 Dual Rpm Command Instruments. Digital fuel limiter output signal.
Parameter 1.B7 to 1.BF. "Dual Speed Command Instruments"
Parameter 1.B7 switches between diffrent configurations. Two diffrent functions
may be selecected for two output signals; 2pC(1) and 2pC(2). These signals are:
1a) Fuel Limiter Prewarning or 1b) Singel analog(1) output (differencial cmd)
2a) Fuel Limiter Active or 2b) Singel analog(2) output (diffrencial cmd)
3) Dual analog output (cmd-1 and cmd-2).
The selection is done with parameter 1.B7 plus two special backwirings. These
signal will normally be connected to ch. 5 and 6.
2pC (1), ch.05 2pC(2), ch.06
par. OUTPUT signals: Fuel lim Ana (1) Fuel lim Ana (2)
1.B7 prewarn. speed cmd active. speed cmd
No output from analog rpm digital digital
0 none speed cmd signal. output output
NN-801.3 NN-801.3
Diffrence between bridge and analog out digital
1 diff-1 ctrl.room speed from ch.17 output
(note 2) NN-801.3
Diffrence between bridge and digital analog out
2 diff-2 ctrl.room speed output from ch.18
NN-801.3 (note 2)
Two outputs to a dual indication analog out analog out
3 both instrument. (note 1) (note 1)

Note 1: Note 2:
Alternetive 1: Analog output signal may Analog output signal may be  10
be 4-20mA with adaptorcard nn 803.2. V with adaptorcard nn 803.4.
Counts zero at approx.2500 and count Counts zero at approx.50 and
high at approx. 4000. count high at approx. 4000.
Alternetive 2: Analog output signal may
be 0-10V with adaptorcard nn 803.4.
Counts zero at approx.2048 and count
high at approx. 4000.
Parameter 1.B8 Analog (1) simulation. True /False.
Parameter 1.B9 Analog (1) simulation counts. Used for simulating the output signal.
Parameter 1.BA Analog (1) Count zero. Value corrsponding to 0.0 rpm if a dual cmd is
selected. If diffrence output is selected this value should be approx.
300.
Parameter 1.BB Analog (1) Count high. Value corrsponding to mcr speed.
Parameter 1.BC Analog (2) simulation. True /False.
Parameter 1.BD Analog (2) simulation counts.Used for simulating the output signal.
Parameter 1.BE Analog (2) Count zero. Value corrsponding to 0.0 rpm if a dual cmd is
selected. If diffrence output is selected this value should be approx. 300.
Parameter 1.BF Analog (2) Count high. Value corrsponding to mcr speed.

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4.2.18 Non Linear Compensation Due To Fuel Pump Position


Parameter 1.C0 to 1.C8. "Non Linear Compensation Due To Fuel Pump Position"
Parameter 1.C0 switches the function on and off. This function will only be
activated in special cases. The function may compensate for non linear actuator to
fuel pump position transfer. Parameter 1.C1-1.C4 sets the input x-axis values (0-
100%) and parameter 1.C5-1.C8 sets the corresponding output y-axis (0-100%).
4.2.19 Shaft Generator Function.
Parameter 1.CA-1.CE, "Shaft Generator" *DFEB*
Some logic is provided by the governor to prevent slow down or reduced cmd
handle, to trip the shaft generator. This function may be turned on/off by
parameter 1.CA. When turned on, it will read the signal "Shaft Generator
Connected" and limit the cmd to the "Basic RPM Level", set by parameter 1.CB.
Basic RPM will be active until the timer in parameter 1.CC has expired.
Note: Shut Down, Stop Cmd, Reversing, Fuel limiters and other similar
function will not prevent the shaft generator from tripping.
This mode is normally used when CPP system and shaft generator are
applyed. For FPP configurations with shaft gen., the logic is normally
provided in the remote control system.

Shaft generator available signal (see special backwiring). The parameter 1.CD
"Shaft Generator Avaiable Rpm Band" sets the maximum deviation between
engine speed and fixed speed level. Outputsignal is active if fixed speed switch is
enabled, engine is within the band and has been for the time defined in parameter
1.CE “Shaft Generator available Stabilizing Delay” and if Shaft Generator
Connected input signal is avtive.

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4.2.20 Non Linear Compensation Due To Low RPM


Parameter 1.D0 to 1.DA. "Non Linear Compensation Due To Low RPM"
Some fuel pumps are leaking fuel at very low speed. This results in less fuel
injected than indicated by the fuel rack at low speed. Speed oscillation will be the
result, unless compensated during low speed operation. Increasing fuel rack
results in more constant fuel injected into the engine hence more stable speed and
safe start with lower initial setting of fuel start set point. Parameter 1.D1-1.D4
sets the x-axis speed values in rpm and parameter 1.D5-1.D8 sets the
compensation factor for the y-axis. The line from 0 rpm to first point (1.D1) is
always horizontal. Also the last line from (1.D4) and up to max. speed is
horizontal and have a fixed value of 1.0 . The output of this function is a result of
regulator fuel cmd multiplied with the compensation factor (k). Parameter 1.D0
switches the function on and off. Parameter 1.DA enables overrideing of
fuellimiter/start settings. The compensation will work better if the fuellimiters
may be overrided, but this will look like the fuelsetting is too hign sice the
compensation is at its highest at the lowest rpm and espessially at stop. Default is
“False”. See examle of settings below.

Figure 4.6 Non Linear compensation due to low speed.

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4.2.21 QPT
This function is not applicable for Sulzer engines

4.2.22 Test
Parameters. 1.EC to 1.EF. "Test"
Parameter 1.EC-1.EF is only used for test purpose. Parameter 1.EC sets the
interval time in steps of 20 ms. (E.g. a value of 200 gives an interval of 200 *
0.020 sec = 4 sec.) This time affects the "CAL" mode for Measured RPM.
Parameter 1.EE has no function. Parameter 1.EF is the size of "CAL" step for
Measured RPM. These counts will be added to subtracted from the measured
RPM value in order to give noise to the regulator to see response to a step signal.
See readable RPM raw data parameter to display the step or the actual counts.
Parameter 1.F0. "Manual Fuel Limiter" & "Zero Pitch Fuel".
Parameter 1.F0 selects the scale for "Manual Fuel Limiter" and "Zero Pitch Fuel
Lever" to be in Fuel Pump Index or Load (0-100%) scale.
Parameter 1.F1 to 1.F4 for recording purpose.
Parameter 1.F1-1.F4 is only used for recording purpose and does not effect the
regulator in any way.

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Parameter 1.F6 to 1.FD for direct fuel test purpose.


It is possible to check actuator performance with this function. Parameter 1.F6
sets the mode for direct fuel command. Make sure engine is stopped before this
parameter is activated. The following modes are available.
Param. 1.F6 Direct fuel set point to actuator. other param.
norMAL Normal operation
d-ch21 Direct fuel from; i/o channel 21 F8, F9
d-PArA Direct fuel from; parameter 1.F7 (0-100%) F7
d-OSCI Direct fuel from; oscillator FA, FC, FD
Sinus, Triangle or Square wave oscillator.
Parameter 1.F7 is adjustable if “direct parameter mode” is selected. Then this
parameter controls the position command to actuator. Otherwise this parameter
shows the setting from the other modes. Parameter 1.F8 and 1.F9 is used when
i/o channel 21 is selected. These parameters scale from counts low (1.F9) at 0%
and counts high (1.F9) at 100% stroke. Parameter 1.FA selects the oscillator
mode. Parameter 1.FB sets the frequency in Hertz. Parameter 1.FC sets the
amplitude in % and parameter 1.FD sets the center reference in %.
Param. Oscillator.
1.FA
C-LinE Center line Use for center adjustment of recorder.
SinuS Sinus wave
triAng Triangle
SquArE Square wave See readable parameters 0.C1 - C4 for used time.
Readable parameters 0.C1 - 0.C4 (OpCode 0). Indicating used time (in square
wave mode only). They are intended to use for checking the response of the
fuelrack and they indicate the time it takes from the square wave command is
given in the regulator to the actuator feedback has reached the cmd levels.

Figure 4.7 Actuator position timing.

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4.3 Actuator parameter description


In the actuator there is only one group of parameters, no opcodes.. See parameter list.

4.3.1 Mode selection.


Parameter 1 . This parameter may be changed when handle is in stop position. Handle
in stop results in Idle Mode indicated by LED on front panel. Test and self test mode
may be selected. Only self test mode is used in this actuator version. Self test generates
a memory check of RAM (Random Access Memory) and eeProm (Electric Erasable
Programmable Read Only Memory). Start self test with the “lamp test” button. See
trouble shooting if “Error” message appears. Otherwise the actuator should respond
with “EL-Act” in the value window.

4.3.2 Readable information.


These parameters are by default scaled in 0-100 mm actuator position.(for ELACT 001
and 140mm actuator arm). However, different scaling may be used by selecting
parameter 34 & 35 and entering different values. See these parameters for alternative
scaling.

Parameter 2 show actuator command from regulator.


Parameter 3 show actuator output or actuator feedback signal.
Parameter 4 show the difference between parameter 2 and 3.
Parameter 5 indicates the dead band in actuator mm. Readable only.
Parameter 6 indicates Information from the Regulator. Readable only. See regulator
parameter Actuator Display Info selection.

4.3.3 Alarm info, info reset and feedback failure block reset.
Parameter 7 & 8 show code for feedback failure and indata failure. Resettable
memorized values. See trouble shooting for details.
Parameter 9. Not used.
Parameter 10 Resetting of alarm information and Alarm LED. (Lamp test button may
also be used to reset alarm LED and memorized info reset.
Parameter 11 Alarm information number. See trouble shooting if any alarms.
Parameter 12 Alarm information text. See trouble shooting if any alarms.
Parameter 13 Alarm information. Ref. alarm list.

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4.3.4 System parameter.


Parameter 14 indicates software version. Not adjustable.

Parameter 15 Actuator Type. This parameter set the operating range and display scale
for parameter 2,3 and 4.
Actuator Gear Max. parameter 2 and 3 show Scale & stroke with
type counts 100.0 at angle like; (140mm arm)
ELA-01 1:89 21189 42 (41.85) 100.0 mm

Parameter 16 Engine Maker must be set according with the correct engine maker. To
be set to Sulzer. This setting will influence other functions as operating range, behavior
in idle mode and so on.

4.3.5 Actuator Control Parameters.


The “position regulator” (actuator), converts a deviation in position (pos) to actuator
speed output signal (Uo) according to the following formula. Uo = pos * P-Gain / K.
For ELACT 001 K=246.4 and for ELACT 002/003 K=373.2.
Example; ELACT 001 ELACT 002 / 003
P-Gain = 120 P-Gain = 181
deviation = 20.6 mm deviation = 20.6 mm
output =10 Volt output = 10 Volt
_________________ ________________

P-Gain = 120 P-Gain = 181


deviation = 2.1 mm deviation = 2.1 mm
output = 1 Volt output = 1 Volt
_________________ ________________

P-Gain = 80 P-Gain = 120


deviation = 2.1 mm deviation = 2.1 mm
output = 0.7 Volt output = 0.7 Volt

Figure 4.8 Actuator Gain.

Parameter 17 Actuator P-Gain. Adjust upwards until good response. Good response is
important for good regulation and safe maneuvering. Check that the actuator does not
overshoot or oscillate when a step command is applied. A step may be applied in
setpoint mode or at stop/start.

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Parameter 18 Auto Offset Tuning for Output Channel 13 ( 10 Volt) is to be activated


when the position for feedback do not follow the command precisely. The parameter
may be activated in idle or in normal mode. In normal mode the command must be
stable before the tuning will be completed. The parameter will indicate “tuning” when
activated. If result is satisfactory the indication will be “SEt” (actuator automatically
saves the offset value in memory) and then indicates normal “oFFSEt” indication. The
offset value must be within 50 counts to be accepted. If actuator does not find a
satisfactory result it may be switched back to “oFFSEt” to terminate the tuning. In that
case the previous offset value will remain. In idle mode the actuator may be positioned
anywhere and the tuning may be activated. The result may be seen in parameter
19.Parameter 19 Offset for Output Channel 13 ( 10 Volt) may be adjusted manually.

Parameter 20 Feedback encoder Offset may be used for tuning the actuator position
around zero, if parameter 3 does not match zero on the fuel rack and emergency stand.
Make sure that this value is set to zero before clamp cone is assembled.

4.3.6 Servo Position Feedback Fail Test.


Parameter 21 Position Limit Time-out is normally not changed. However, it may be
used for extending the time for actuator to operate outside the normal positions. If P-
Gain is very high, the actuator may overshoot.
Parameter 22 Wrong Way Timeout is normally not changed. It may be used to extend
the delay if necessary.
Parameter 23 Wrong Way Cmd Level is normally not changed. Wrong way is testing if
actuator is rotating (by any speed) opposite to command and the command is more than
300 counts (default value) of 21189 for ELACT001 or 14047 for ELACT002/003.
Parameter 24 Too Slow, Time-out at fast speedcmd. (Time) When actuator is given a
high speed value (10 Volt) the response of the actuator is expected to be faster than for
a slow speed cmd ( 2.5 Volt). This parameter is normally not changed unless the
fuelrack is unusually heavy. Then it may be increased to accept longer time for fast
movements. If this value must be increased above 1.000 sec. to eliminate too_slow
indication, there is probably something wrong with the fuelrack or the power of the
actuator. The actuator will remain with full power during too slow status.
Parameter 25 Too Slow, Time-out at slow speedcmd (time) is normally not changed.
Longer time is accepted for slow speedcmd to actuator. Increasing parameter 25 will
result in less possibility of too_slow indication. The value of slow speedcmd is defined
in the next parameter. When the speedcmd is in-between slow (25%) and fast speedcmd
(100%) the time is set by a linear curve in-between See figure; timeout for too slow.

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Parameter 26 Too Slow, slow speedcmd Level (%) is normally not changed. This value
is the minimum required speedcommand to generate “Too Slow status” when actuator
is not moving. If speedcmd is less than 25% the too slow status will never appear.
Increasing parameter 26 will result in less possibility of too_slow status. The value is
scaled in 0-100% corresponding to 0-10Voutputsignal to servoamplifier. Default 25%.

Figure 4.9 Timeout for too slow.

Parameter 27 Too Slow Block, Timeout (time) is normally not changed. The too slow
status is only accepted for some time. This parameter controls the accepted time.
Default is 5.0 sec. After that time the actuator brake will be activated. The maximum
time is 20 sec and minimum time is 0.1 sec. Decreasing this value to 0.0 sec. will
switch off the too slow block function .

4.3.7 Idle mode, manual control.


Parameter 28 Plus key, actuator speed. is normally not changed. This value sets the
speed for actuator to increase fuel in Idle Mode Manual Control (Change Key must be
Open) when plus (+) button is activated.
Parameter 29 Minus key, actuator speed. is normally not changed. This value sets the
speed for actuator to decrease fuel in Idle Mode Manual Control (Change Key must be
Open) when minus (-) button is activated.

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4.3.8 Actuator operating range.


Parameter 31 Range limitations on/off, for idle mode. is normally not changed. This
parameter may be set to Lim Off for test purpose. This will enable the actuator to
operate outside the normal range (default 0 - 100.0 mm @ 42°). Feedback fail will
indicate when actuator position is operating outside (more than 2000 counts) the legal
range, but actuator will not be blocked while handle is in stop position and limitations is
off.

Parameter 32 Setting of actuator behavior in Idle Mode This parameter is normally not
changed. Different behavior may be achieved with this parameter. The change key
must be set to CLOSE (normal ) position for the selected behavior to take place. The
different behaviors is;
a) Maker. (Default) When maker is selected, the behavior depends on the maker
parameter. For Sulzer setting (default) the behavior will be as for active.
b) Active. When active is selected, the actuator will park in stop and remain with
position control at zero fuel. The maximum power will however, be reduced as
set by parameter 33.
c) Passive When passive is selected, the actuator will park in stop and release the
positioning power. It will be possible to move the actuator.
d) Passive and Block When passive and block is selected, the actuator will park in
stop, release the positioning power and activate the brake to keep actuator in
stop. It will not be possible to move the actuator.
Parameter 33 Actuator force in Idle Mode This parameter is normally not changed. If
the actuator is set to be active in idle mode (parameter 32) the force in idle mode is
normally reduced. The maximum speedcmd and hence force, is adjustable. This could
be useful if more force is required for keeping zero position when engine is stopped.
This limitation is not percent in normal mode.

4.3.9 Alarm Relay.


The actuator controls the alarm relay K2 (Alarm).
Parameter 37 Actuator alarm input filter. All alarms detected in actuator such as low
voltage, feedback fail, servo amplifier fail and so on, is delayed by an input filter. Input
delay is only for alarm (relays connected to alarm central) and do not influence the
blocking of actuator for safety reasons.
Parameter 38 K2 - Relay holding delay. K2 alarm relay is both for actuator and
regulator. Alarm relay may be adjusted to be activated a minimum time. This is called a
holding time. Adjustment will depend on the sampling time for alarm central. Upon a
new alarm the relay will go passive according to off time and then be activated again at
least for the holding time or as long as the alarm condition is present. No reset is
required to release the relay. The indication however must be reset by parameter 10 (or
lamp test button) on regulator or actuator.

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Parameter 39 K2 - Relay off delay. Alarm relay may be adjusted to be passive (off) a
minimum time. This is called an off time. Adjustment will depend on the sampling time
for alarm central. This is also the time the relay will be passive if a new alarm is
activated.

4.3.10 Digital input signals.


Exclusive “or” function of these signals. True will invert the input signal and False will
let the signal go strait through. These parameters are normally not changed.
Parameter 40, digital input ch. 09 External stop.
Parameter 41, digital input ch. 15 Servo Amplifier Fail.
Parameter 42, digital input ch. 16 Manual Mode.

4.3.11 Block when low voltage.


Parameter 43. Default setting is “true”. Normally not adjusted. This parameter enables
blocking of actuator if power monitoring card detects low voltage. This is required if
no battery backup is connected to the 24 Volt supply. If battery backup is connected
this parameter must be set to “false” to enable the actuator to operate below 24Volt.

4.3.12 Actuator rotation direction.


Parameter 44 Actuator rotation direction, is a readable parameter. The dip switch on
the inside of the front panel is possible to change to set the rotation direction of el
motor. There are two blocks of dip switches and 8 switches in each block. Only the
bottom switch is used by elact. See inside the frontdoor for location. Changing the
position of the switch will indicate “CW” or “CCW” by this parameter. When actuator
is seen from the gear side; “CW” setting will give stop with Clock Wise rotation.
“CCW” setting will give stop with Counter Clock Wise rotation. See also actuator zero
adjustments for the same.

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4.3.13 Fuel indication output signal.

Parameter 45-48 set the actuator position


0-100% stroke and analog output 0-255
counts with tH, tL, CL and CH
parameters. This setting will also influence
on ch 3, if ch. 3 is connected to ch. 4
which is normal if two output channels are
used.

Note: Only 4-20mA adapter card nn-


808.3 or nn-802.2 may be used on these
channels.

Figure 4.10 Actuator position,


ch.4 output signal.

4.3.14 Test parameters.


Parameter 49 and 50 may be used for simulating the output signals for “Brake On”
and “Torque Enable”. These are only possibly to simulate in “Idle Mode” (handle in
stop position).

4.3.15 Readable parameters.


Parameter 52-54 is readable only. They are analog counts values for position.
Parameter 52 is count value for parameter 02.
Parameter 53 is count value for parameter 03.
Parameter 54 is count value for parameter 04.

Parameter 55-63 is readable only. They are counts values for digital in/out signals.

Parameter 64 is used for enabling some analog test signal.

Parameter 65 is the system date code. CAUTION: Do not reset this date.
The actuator check this date to see if the program code has been altered and in that case,
it will reset all parameters to default data at next power up procedure.

Parameter 66 Actuator software program checksum. Readable parameter.

Parameter 67 Actuator processor board CPU speed. This must be set according to the
CPU speed on the processor board used. If not correctly set the timers will be too slow
or too fast. NN-791.12 uses 8MHz clock. Earlier type is NN-791.10 use 5MHz clock.

Parameter 99 is the setting for service code required to make changes.

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5. MAINTENANCE
5.1 Visual Inspections
Visual inspection of system parts is recommended to prevent malfunctions and to
ensure safe operation. Recommended items for checking and checking periods are
listed in Table 5.1. References to more detailed checks are also listed. Beware of any
special conditions under which the inspection must be performed.

Table 5.1 Visual Inspection

Item Task Period Note


Pick Ups Remove dirt 3M 1
Check Distance
Fuel rack Check max fuel position on fuelpumps 1Y 1
Adjust max fuel in governor parameter

Periods:
D = Daily
W = Week
M = Month
Y = Year

NOTE: 1. Engine must be stopped.

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6. APPENDIX
6.1 Appendix A, Input and output signal list for DGS-8800e

Ch. Channel description: Adapter Signal Comments Term.


No: card type board
1 Not used
2 Not used (LCD function used by MAN
B&W)
3 Fuel index output (option) Selectable Selectable Requires backwiring
4 Fuel index instrument output (option) NN-808.3 4-20mA out
NN-802.2
Alt. 1: Diesel gen. running (option) NN-801.1 Digital in
5 Alt. 2: Dual cmd instr. ch 17 (option) NN-803.2 Analog out
Alt. 3: Fuel limiter prewarning NN-801.3 Ditgital out
(option)
Alt. 1: Start diesel gen (option) NN-801.3 Ditgital out
6 Alt. 2: Dual cmd instr. ch 18 (option) NN-803.2 Analog out Requires special backwiring
Alt. 3: Overload, fuel limit on NN-801.3 Digital out
(option)
Alt. 4: Shaft gen. available (option) NN-801.3 Digital out
7 DSU, Torque enable NN-801.3 Digital out Requires backwiring
8 Overload (fuel limit.) NN-801.1 Digital out Requires backwiring DGU-
9 External stop (shut down from s.syst) NN-801.1 Digital input X11
10 Local control ON (mode III) NN-801.1 Digital input
11 Zero fuel order III (local control) NN-801.1 Digital input
12 DSU, brake off (release brake) NN-801.3 Digital out
13 DSU, speed command NN-803.4 ±10VDC out Requires backwiring
14 DSU, reset servo amplifier failure NN-801.3 Digital out
15 DSU, servo amplifier ready (not fail) NN-801.1 Digital input
16 DSU, manual mode NN-801.1 Digital input
17 RPM command II (ECR backup NN-800.10 5K in
panel)
18 RPM command I (remote control NN-832.2 4-20mA in
syst)
19 Pitch feedback (cpp actuator) NN-800.10 5K in
20 Charge air pressure input NN-832.2 4-20mA in
21 RPM commend III (local control) NN-800.10 5K in Requires backwiring
22 Remote control ON (mode I) NN-801.1 Digital input
23 Zero fuel order I (remote control) NN-801.1 Digital input DGU-
24 ECR backup control ON (mode II) NN-801.1 Digital input Requires backwiring X13
25 Zero fuel order II (ECR backup NN-801.1 Digital input
contr.)
26 Remote Power fail I NN-801.1 Digital input
27 Em.run/Fixed speed I NN-801.1 Digital input
28 Slow down from safety system NN-801.1 Digital input
29 Heavy start I (canc.lim), remote contr. NN-801.1 Digital input
30 RPM input A (from tacho pickup) NN-806.3 Pulse input
31 RPM input B (from tacho pickup) NN-806.3 Pulse input
32 Heavy start II (can.lim), backup contr. NN-801.1 Digital input Requires backwiring.
K1 Major failure I (Fail Safe) Relay Digital out To alarm system “Major alarm”
K2 Major failure II Relay Digital out (This three outputs to be connected DGU-
K3 Major failure III (Low voltage) Relay Digital out in serial to make one alarm) X15
K4 Minor failure Relay Digital out To alarm system “Minor alarm”

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6.2 Appendix B *** Dip-Switches


The Dip-switches are located inside the front door of the DGU on the panel card NN-
1110. There are 4 blocks of dip-switches. 2 blocks (A and B) on lower left side (for
actuator), and 2 blocks (C and D) on top right side (for regulator). There are 8 switches
in each block.
Inside DGU Front Door

Figure 6.1 Dipswitches.

Dip-Switch A. For Actuator. (Settings on switch are readable in parameterlist).

Dip-Switch A
8
7
6 switches2 - 8 are
5 not used, Set to "1".
4
3
2
1 Stop Position, 0=CW, 1=CCW, (Actuator movement).
CW = Clock Wise. CCW = Counter Clock Wise. Seen from axle side

Dip-Switch B. For Actuator, are not used.


Dip-Switch C. For Regulator, are not used.
Dip-Switch D. For Regulator, are not used.

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6.3 Appendix C *** Digital Inputs on Regulator


OpCode 2 I/O - Digital Input.

Figure 6.2 Digital inputs on regulator.

Adjustable parameter:
ch 1-32 Channel Select adjustable

Readable parameters;
ty d-In / F-In Digital / Frequency input fixed
dI Open/Close Actual status on switch
In Open/Close used value

Save and adjustable parameters;


Or True/False Exclusive or True(Open=Close), False(Open=Open)
d 0-120.0 sec. On delay Delay for change from passive to active
d2 0-120.0 sec. Off delay Delay for change from active to passive

Simulation of digital input signals;


SI True/False function on/off Activates "System in test" Alarm
Sv Open/Close simulated value

Note 1. Some inputs are "High Speed Input" only. This is due to requirement of
safety function. The channels are;
ch. 26 "Bridge Control System Power Fail",
ch. 30 "Rpm Pickup A Loopfail".
ch. 31 "Rpm Pickup B Loopfail".

Note 2. After changing one of the parameters "Or", "d" or "d2" please wait 1 sec
before changing OpCode or channel nr. This is to give the regulator some
time to opdate internal parameters before leaving the I/O adjusting mode.

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6.4 Appendix D *** Analog Inputs on Regulator

OpCode 2 I/O - Analog Input.

AC AI

chan Simulate Indata


Scaleing Limits Filter
Error
CO
test CL
CH
- EL tL LL
RATE +
EH tH LH tF
A

Figure 6.3 Analog inputs on regulator.

Adjustable parameter:
ch 17-21 Channel Select adjustable

Readable parameters;
ty A-In Analog input type fixed
AC 0-4095 Actual Counts reading from 12 bit D/A Converter
AI +- 999.99 Aanlog Input technical value

Save and adjustable parameters;


EL 0-4095 Error Low Indata Error Limit, Low Counts
EH 0-4095 Error High Indata Error Limit, High Counts

CO 0 or CL-CH Count Zero If set to 0, then "Count Zero" is not used


CL 1-CH Count Low Scaling counts
CH CL-4095 Count High Scaling counts
tL +-300.00 technical Low Scaling to "CL"
tH +-300.00 technical High Scaling to "CH"

LL +-300.00 technical Limit Low to prevent wild values


LH +.300.00 technical Limit High to prevent wild values
tF 0-60.0 sec. Filter timeconstant Low pass filter

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6.5 Appendix E *** Digital Inputs on Actuator


ACTUATOR

(d=default setting)

EXT SIGNAL ch PAR PAR INT SIGNAL LOW HIGH


1pB (UA12) 34ACT 33ACT L=0 H=1
MASK INPUT
(d) bit
SHD, Overspeed 9 (1) 0 1 0 EXT. STOP NORMAL STOP
(1) 1 2 1 -- not used
(1) 2 4 2 -- not used
Reg. Watch Dog int (1) 3 8 3 R. WATCH NORMAL FAIL
DOG
(0) 4 10 4 -- not used
Low Voltage int (1) 5 20 5 LOW NORMAL LOW
VOLTAGE
Act. Watch Dog int (0) 6 40 6 A WATCH DOG NORMAL BLOCK
Reg. Fatal Error int (1) 7 80 7 REG FATAL F NORMAL FAIL

EXT SIGNAL ch PAR PAR INT SIGNAL LOW HIGH


2pC (UA8) 36ACT 35ACT L=0 H=1
MASK INPUT
(d) bit
(1) 0 1 0
(1) 1 2 1
(1) 2 4 2
(1) 3 8 3
Manual Mode 16 (0) 4 10 4 Manual Mode Remote Manual
Servo Amplifier Fail 15 (0) 5 20 5 Servo Fail Normal Fail
(1) 6 40 6 -- not used
(0) 7 80 7 -- not used

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6.6 Appendix F *** Hexadecimal Counting

CONVERSION TABLE BASIC FORMULA FOR ALL COUNTING SYSTEMS


DEC HEX BINARY
0 00 0000 0000 + + +[N*(A )]+[N*(A2 )]+[N*(A1 )]+[N*(A0 )] = Value
1 01 0000 0001
2 02 0000 0010 A: basic number (number of different symbols)
3 03 0000 0011 N: Variable from 0 to (A-1)
4 04 0000 0100
5 05 0000 0101 Example:
6 06 0000 0110 NAME: BINARY OCTAL DEC HEX
7 07 0000 0111 A: 2 8 10 16
8 08 0000 1000 N: 0-1 0-7 0-9 0-F
9 09 0000 1001
0 0A 0000 1010
1 0B 0000 1011
2 0C 0000 1100
3 0D 0000 1101
4 0E 0000 1110
5 0F 0000 1111

16 10 0001 0000
17 11 0001 0001
18 12 0001 0010
19 13 0001 0011
20 14 0001 0100
21 15 0001 0101
22 16 0001 0110
23 17 0001 0111
24 18 0001 1000
25 19 0001 1001
26 1A 0001 1010
27 1B 0001 1011
28 1C 0001 1100
29 1D 0001 1101
30 1E 0001 1110
31 1F 0001 1111

32 20 0010 0000
33 21 0010 0001
34 22 0010 0010
35 23 0010 0011
: : :
: : :
: : :
253 FD 1111 1101
254 FE 1111 1110
255 FF 1111 1111

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6.7 Appendix G *** Jumpers on NN-791.12 I/O Processor Board.

Assembled Memory
1pcs. RAM 62256 (32K byte)
1pcs. E2PROM 2864 (8K byte)
1pcs. EPROM 27512 (64K byte)
2pcs. ROM 82S137 (decoder,acknowledge)
STRAP FUNCTION IF STRAP IS INSERTED
W1 out Dac-3 pin 14 to GND3 ( 0-2.56V output)
in W2 Dac-3 pin 14 to A03 ( 0-10V output)
W3 out Dac-4 pin 14 to GND4 ( 0-2.56V output)
in W4 Dac-4 pin 14 to A04 ( 0-10V output)
W5 out Dac-1 pin 14 to GND1 ( 0-2.56V output)
in W6 Dac-1 pin 14 to A01 ( 0-10V output)
W7 out Dac-2 pin 14 to GND2 ( 0-2.56V output)
in W8 Dac-2 pin 14 to A02 ( 0-10V output)
in W9 AGND to 0V
W10 out Series input A RS-XXX type
W11 out Series input B RS-XXX type
in W12 Counter with common X-tal
in W13 RAM pin 23 to adr B ( >= 6264 )
W14 out RAM pin 23 to WR ( = 6116 )
W15 out RAM pin 26 to +5V ( <= 6264 )
in W16 RAM pin 26 to adr D ( >= 62128)
in W17 RAM pin 1 to adr E ( >= 62256)
in W18 EPROM pin 1 to adr F ( >= 27512)
W19 out EPROM pin 1 to D4 (+5V)( <= 27256)
in W24 EPROM pin 26 to adr E ( >= 27256)
W25 out EPROM pin 26 to +5V ( <= 27128)
W20 out AUTO RESTART when fail safe
W21 out BLOCK also from 2PB4 (software)
in W22 BLOCK only from fail safe (hardware)
W23 out +15V tracks to +5V

in = strap inserted
out = strap removed
x = don't care if strap is IN or OUT

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6.8 Appendix H *** Layout for NN-791.12 I/O Processor Board.

LOCATION OF: Memory, Decoder and Acknowledge

Figure 6.4 Processor board layout.

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6.9 Appendix I *** Jumpers on NA-1105

Figure 6.5 NA-1105, Acyncron Buffer layout.

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6.10 Appendix J *** Back-wiring

SULZER - Standard Back-wiring DGS 8800e


Reg: Sw 20112-A7, El.Act: Sw 20124-A5 (or newer)
chan. FROM TO type Adaptor Function PPI
Solder wire
ch 13 Ch 13 PC-1 A-out nn-803.4 +/- 10V Act.
Pin 14 Act.Speed dac0
Cut track
ch 13 CUT track between A-out (disconnect Regulator dac0)
Ch.12 pin 14 and ch.13 pin 14
Wire Wrap
J25 c9 J23 c12 power +24 Volt
J25 c9 J23 a12 power +24 Volt
J25 a3 J23 c14 power GND
J25 a3 J23 a14 power GND
ch 7 P1M-29 P1A-15 D-Out nn-801.3 Torque Enable (El.Act) 1pc4
ch 8 P1M-30 P1R-9 D-Out nn-801.3 Overload (Output) 2pc2
ch 21 P1M-15 P1R-31 A-In nn-800.10 Speedset (3), Local 1pa4
ch 24 P1M-14 P1R-14 D-In nn-801.1 Backup Mode 1pc7
NOTE: Only one function per channel !

SULZER - Back-wiring, Options DGS 8800e


Reg: Sw 20112-A7, El.Act: Sw 20124-A5 (or newer)
Wire Wrap
chan. FROM TO type Adaptor Function PPI
ch 2, P1M-36 P1R-12 D-Out nn-801.3 Fuel Limiter Prewarning 2pc1
(or ch32)
ch 3 P2M-3 P2M-1 analog nn-808.3 Fuel Output (4-20 mA) dac1
ch 5 P1M-31 P1R-22 D-In nn-801.1 Diesel Gen. Running 1pb7
ch 6 P1M-32 P1R-10 D-Out nn-801.3 Start Diesel Generator 2pc3
ch 32 P1M-6 P1R-12 D-Out nn-801.3 Fuel Limiter Prewarning 2pc1
ch 32 P1M-6 P1R-15 D-In nn-801.1 Heavy Start 2 (Ctrl. R) 1pc4
NOTE: Only one function per channel !

7. RELATED DOCUMENTS.

7.1 SBS Servo Amplifier Manual (Parvex).

7.2 DGS 8800e Parameter List. (KNCA, AA-0089.DOC)

Digital Governor, DGS 8800e, Denis version - Instruction Manual

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