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P5 P6 1 Mr.

Yates
ALGEBRA 2
WITH

2 A1

TRIGONOMETRY

P5 For a right triangle with legs a and b, and hypotenuse c, find the missing side using the Pythagorean Theorem ( c 2 = a 2 + b 2 ): a = 16, b = 30, c = ?

c 16

30

P6 Use right-triangle trigonometry (SOHCAHTOA) to solve for x, showing all work.

11cm

40 x

Law of Sines:
sin A sin B sin C = = a b c

Law of Cosines:
c 2 = a 2 + b 2 2ab cos ( C )

Use LoS when you have ASA, AAS, SSA

Use LoC when you have SAS, SSS

1 Choose the appropriate Law, then solve for x, showing all work.

x 7cm 110 12cm

2 A lighthouse (L1) sights a boat out at sea at an angle of 60 north of east. A second lighthouse (L2), 6 miles due east of the first, sights the same boat at an angle of 45 north of west. [See diagram below.] How far is the boat from the first lighthouse? Choose the appropriate Law and show all work. [HINT: first find the angle near the boat.]

60 L1 6mi

45 L2

A1 On a separate sheet of paper, find all angles on a triangle with sides 5in, 7in, and 10in. You may have to use more than one law, and/or use a law more than once.