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# Principles of Math 12

GVDES

Name: ____________________________

## PM 12 Assignment 3 Geometric Series and Applications of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Mark: ____/___ = _____ % Marker: ________________

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

## The following questions involve Geometric Sequences and Series.

a 1 rn

tn = ar

n 1

Sn =

1r

Sn =

a r 1r

S =

a 1r

1.

2 + ( 6) + 18 + ( 54) + ...

t 8 = _________/1, S8 = _________/1

2.

3 1 1 + + + ... 4 2 3

r = __________/1, S = _________/1

3.

t1 = 3

r=2

Sn = 381

t n = __________/1, n = __________/1

4.

S = 3

t1 = 2

r = ___________/1, t5 = _________/1

5.

k =2

8 (2 )

t 6 = __________/1, Sn = _________/1

6.

5 15 + 45 + 3645 =

S = ______________/1

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

## Evaluate the following:

7.

3 64 2 k =0

_________/1 8.

n =1

3n

_________/1

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Geometric Sequences and Series Applications: Please make it clear how you arrived at your
answers. 9. A ball is dropped from a height of 16 m and rebounds a.

## 1 of the distance it previously fell. 4

How far up and down has it traveled when it hits the floor for the fifth time?

_____________________/3 b. If the ball bounces until it stops then how far up and down has it traveled?

_____________________/3

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

10.

Each side of a square is 50 cm long. A second square is inscribed in the original square by joining the mid points of the sides of the original square. This process in continued over and over again.

a)

## Find the perimeter of the fifth square to 2 decimal places.

_____________________/3 b) If this process is continued indefinitely, find the perimeter of all the squares.

_____________________/3

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

11.

The first and second terms of a geometric sequence have a sum of 15, while the second and third terms have a sum of 60. Use an algebraic method to find the first three terms. *Hint the second term is ar and the third term is ar2.

_____________________/3 12. A new BC coal mine produced 15.0 megatonnes of coal in 1991 but only 9.5 megatonnes on 2005. If this geometric pattern were to continue indefinitely, what would the total mass of the coal produced by this mine be?

_____________________/3 13. A clothing store is going out of business. Each week the cost of each item in the store is reduced by 10% of the current price. A jacket costs \$259.99 during the first week of the sale. If the jacket is still in the store during the 6th week of the sale, what will be its price?

_____________________/3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

14. Suppose you invest \$10 at 10.2% per annum compounded semi-annually. What will your investment be worth after 17 years?

15.

_____________________/3 The population of a city was 98 300 on January 1, 1985 and 210 500 on January 1, 2007. The growth rate of the city can be modelled as an exponential function. Calculate the average annual growth rate of the city as a percent to one decimal place.

_____________________/3 16. The price of toothpaste doubles every 7 years. If the average price of a tube of toothpaste was \$1.32 in 1994, what will be its price in 2010?

_____________________/3 17. In a nuclear disaster at Chernobyl an April 1986, approximately 15 000 kg of radioactive iodine 131 was released into the atmosphere. The half life of iodine 131 is 8.04 days. This means that after 8.04 days, half of the iodine 131 has decayed. How much iodine 131 remains after 28 days?

_____________________/3

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

18.

An earthquake in Alaska measure 3.5 on the Richter scale. An Earthquake in Iran measured 7.2 on the same scale. How many times as intense was the earthquake in Iran compared to the earthquake in Alaska?

_____________________/3 19. A population grows continuously according to the formula P = P ekt , where P is the final o population in t years, P is the initial population and k is the continuous growth rate. o What will be the population in 9 years if the initial population is 35 000 and the continuous growth rate is 1.4%?

_____________________/3

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20. To 1 decimal place, how long must \$5 500. be invested at 12% interest compounded annually if it is to become \$10 500?

_____________________/3

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)

Principles of Math 12

GVDES

21.

## If a population triples every 14 years, how long would it take to double?

_____________________/3 22. Each increase of 1 unit on the Richter Scale represents a 10-fold increase in intensity. In 1983 Colombias earthquake measured 5.5. If the intensity of a second earthquake was 12 times as great, then what was its magnitude (to 1 decimal place)?

_____________________/3 23. The half-life of plutonium-239 is about 25 000 years. How many years does it take until only 42% of the plutonium still remains?

## _____________________/3 24. Write an equation for the inverse of y = log4 ( x + 1 ) + 7 .

_____________________/3

PM 12 Assignment#3 (2007)