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Mikhail Grima; Lions Patrol

1. List of 12 books:
1. Danny The Champion of the World 2. The Witches 3. The BFG 4. The Mystery of the Burnt Cottage 5. The Mystery of the Spiteful Letters 6. The Mystery of the Hidden House

Roald Dahl

Enid Blyton

7. Fra Mudest 8. Aktar Praspar Dwar Fra Mudest 9. Mill-ora ta Fra Mudest 10. Il-Praspar ta Mastru Gerfex 11. Fal Bubie ma Mastru Gerfex 12. L-Avventuri ta Roderick u Gridoro

Charles Casha

Carmel G. Cauchi

I read these books because they are my type of books, ex. The Witches & The BFG have an author that knows how to give you a full picture of what is happening in the book. The Mystery series of the author Enid Blyton have a beautiful & interesting mystery in every book. In the books that were wrote by Charles Casha, for example Fra Mudest, is a really comedy book about a brother who those larks all day long. Finally about the books that were written by Carmel G. Cauchi, there are comedy books, novels & mystery books examples like Il-Praspar ta Mastru Gerfex & L-Avventuri ta Roderick u Gridoro.

2. Describing: How a Book is made:

Parts of a book: The spine is what holds the pages and the book together. The gutter is where the pages are attached (either sewn or glued). Books have a front cover and a back cover. The front cover has the title, the author and illustrator, and sometimes an illustration. The back cover can be blank, or it may have a summary of what the book is about. Writing and illustrations are very important parts of a book because without them you wouldn't have a book! Author: Authors are an important part of making a book, because theyre the ones who write them. Authors dont just come up with an idea, write down their

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ideas, and then get the book published. They have to write down their ideas for the story, and then read through their story to check for mistakes or to edit. Then after they edit the story, they type it up on the computer and then edit for spelling, punctuation, and grammar to make their book make sense. Illustrator: Illustrating is an important part of making a book. Some books just have the cover illustrated, some have small illustrations on a few pages, and sometimes every page has an illustration. Illustrations make people interested in the book, help explain complicated or unusual characters, and help explain what is happening in the book. The words in a book tell part of a story, but the pictures sometimes tell even more. The illustrator needs to find out who the main characters are and what the main idea of the story is. Once the illustrator finishes the storyboard, he makes a dummy book. The dummy book is practice for the real book. Editor: The editor of a book is responsible for finding all of the spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors, but the most important thing the editor does is to make suggestions to the author and illustrator that will improve the book. Editors can suggest different words that the author could use that will make the story more interesting or exciting. They can ask the author to write something in a different way that will help explain the story better. Production Director and Publisher: In this phase, the art is checked for mistakes, and the production director estimates how much it will cost to make the book. He determines the printing schedule for the book and orders paper. The publishers are people who sell and publicize the book. Sometimes posters and special deliveries are made. Designer: The designer is another really important part of making a book. The designer decides what the book will look like. They decide the best size for the book, the kind of design and illustration that will be on each page, and most importantly, they design what the cover of the book will look like. Copy Editor: The copy editor is the next step in publishing a book. The copy editor is responsible for making sure that the characters, fonts, pictures, borders, and story line are the same throughout the whole book. They make sure that everything looks the same in the whole book. They make sure the same size of font is used, that the borders are the same on every page, and that the illustrations make sense from page to page. Colour Separation: Colour separation is the best way of printing in colour. It is also called four-colour process printing. It is based on the fact that

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all colours are made from the three primary colours (red, blue, yellow) and black is used for detail.

Colour separation is used in something called offset printing. This is a type of printing that uses plates made from a photographic image. (Also called photolithography). Four different photographs are taken of the picture or drawing that you're trying to print. In each photograph, a different colour filter is used in the camera. You can guess that the different colour filters are each of the primary colours and a fourth plate for black. The negatives that are made from the photographs are used as printing plates. They are used on a fourcolour press. Printer: After a book's manuscript is edited it is typeset. This is usually done with a photo-typesetter today. The photo-typesetter uses computer technology to make typesetting simpler and faster. The newer typesetters have a larger dictionary to correct the mistakes made. There are four types of photo-typesetters. They are photo/optic, photo/scan, digital/CRT/scan and laser/scan. Each of these can do better in different areas. Publicity and Promotion: The best way to sell a book is to publicize it. There are a few ways of doing this. One is to send copies of the book to people in the media for review. This could be a person at a newspaper who reviews books, or someone who writes for a popular book review magazine. Another is to arrange for interviews of the authors in newspapers and magazines to help get people interested in the book. Packaging is also important. The book's cover can help sell the book as much as what is on the pages! Sales: The last part of the book publishing process is the salesperson. Book stores like Borders have salespersons. If you could ask a writer about his favorite part of making a book, he would probably say, "The salesperson, because that's when I make money." A salesperson works for a bookstore, which buy some copies from the author and sells them.

3. How to use a library catalogue & Explain how Fiction & NonFiction books are arranged on the shelves & why they are treated differently. Library Catalogue: All you have to do to use a library catalogue is to find the books name and the author.

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The Difference between Fiction & Non-Fiction books: The Fiction Books are arranged by the surname of the author & Non-Fiction books are arranged using the Dewey-decimal system. This means that each subject is given a number. IE: Religion= 200 books Science =500 books

4. Know what is meant by a Reference Book. What sort of information could you obtain from the following. Reference Book; This book gives you small amounts of information. Usually you dont read it from cover to cover. Chambers Encyclopaedia; You find general knowledge in it. Every topic is mentioned in it. Whitakers Almanac; It is to find out about the weather & climate change through-out the whole year. You also find about general events, holidays etc Chambers 20th century Dictionary; In this book youll find out about the meaning of a word. The Guinness Book of Records; From it you discover facts about the world & the people in it & all the records done in every edition of the year.

This Badge was helped done by The Archbishops Seminarys librarian Mr. Robert Pisani.

Mikhail Grima; Lions Patrol