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WHAT IS PERCEPTION ? -is a way of conceiving something. -the process of perceiving and the way of conceiving something.

-perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting , selecting and organizing sensory information. -perception is the way, we react for any particular situation. Why Is It Important? Peoples behavior is based on their perception of what reality is, not on reality itself. The world as it is perceived is the world that is behaviorally important. Factors That Influence Perception Perceiver Situation Target Person Perception: Making Judgments About Others Basically, the theory suggests that when we observe an individuals behavior, we attempt to determine whether it was internally or externally caused. Determinants: 1. Distinctiveness: shows different behaviors in different situations. 2. Consensus: response is the same as others to same situation. 3. Consistency: responds in the same way over time. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

VARIOUS FACTORS OF PERCEPTION USED BY EMPLOYEES. VARIOUS FACTORS OF PERCEPTION USED BY MANAGERS TO PERCEIVE THE EMPLOYEES. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------HOW PERCEPTION HELPS EMPLOYEES IN AN ORGANIZATION. -human nature can be very simple, yet very complex too. An understanding and appreciation of this is no pre-requiste to effective employee perception in the workplace and therefore effective management and leadership. -there is a known fact that without perception , nothing can be done in an organization and for doing any task we need a perception which is accepted by all the employees in an organization. It is the key for the manager to make her team work and get the better output for the organization. -perception helps each and every individual in the organization to carry the things in different ways as the organization needs different perceptions to make sucessful results. ----------------------------------------------------------------IMPORTANCE OF PERCEPTION -if the manager has good perception in any department of the organization, the department team will have SAFE SOLUTIONS with RISKY IDEAS. -to find innovative solutions for the problem.

-to leverage creativity and motivate the higher plateau of thinking. -with the help of perception, habits and attitudes will get changed. -with the help of perception, we can find solutions the most difficult problems. ======================================= ===== PERCEPTION PLAYS BOTH POSITIVE / NEGATIVE PART IN MANY ASPECTS OF THE ORGANIZATION. *Employment Interview -Perception can help the manager to recruit the best fit. Perceptual biases can affect the accuracy of interviewers judgments of applicants. ---------------------------*Performance Expectations -Perception can help the manager to make the most effective judgement on the expectation. Self-fulfilling prophecy (pygmalion effect): The lower or higher performance of employees reflects preconceived leader expectations about employee capabilities. ----------------------------------------------------*Performance Evaluations -Perception can help the manager to make the most effective performance appraisal of the employee.

Appraisals can be subjective perceptions of performance. -------------------------------------------------------*Employee Effort -Perception can help the manager to make the right judgement of the employee's effort. Assessment of individual effort is a subjective judgment subject to perceptual distortion and bias. ======================================= =========== Frequently Used Shortcuts in Judging Others Selective perception Halo effect Contrast effects Projection Stereotyping Specific Applications of Shortcuts in Organization Employment Interview Perceptual biases affect the accuracy of interviewers judgments of applicants. Performance Expectations Self-fulfilling prophecy (pygmalion effect): The lower or higher performance of employees reflects preconceived leader expectations about employee capabilities. Performance Evaluations Appraisals are subjective perceptions of performance. Employee Effort Assessment of individual effort is a subjective judgment subject to perceptual distortion and bias.

Employee Loyalty Employee support towards the organization. Whistle-Blowers Individuals who report unethical practices by their employer to outsiders.