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British Standard
A single copy of this British Standard is licensed to
lbocvzr lbocvzr
on March 24, 2002
This is an uncontrolled copy. Ensure use of the most
current version of this document by searching British
Standards Online at bsonline.techindex.co.uk
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BRITISH STANDARD
BS EN
1515-1:2000
The European Standard EN 1515-1:1999 has the status of a
British Standard
ICS 21.060.10; 21.060.20; 23.040.60
NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW
Flanges and their joints
Bolting
Part 1: Selection of bolting
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This British Standard, having
been prepared under the
direction of the Engineering
Sector Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Standards Committee and comes
into effect on 15 February 2000
BSI 02-2000
ISBN 0 580 35750 3
BS EN 1515-1:2000
Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No. Date Comments
National foreword
This British Standard is the official English language version of EN 1515-1:1999.
It partially supersedes BS 4504-3.1:1989 and BS 4882:1990, the relevant sections of
which will be withdrawn on 30 April 2000.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
PSE/15, Flanges, which has the responsibility to:
aid enquirers to understand the text;
present to the responsible European committee any enquiries on the
interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the UK interests informed;
monitor related international and European developments and promulgate
them in the UK.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to
its secretary.
Cross-references
The British Standards which implement international or European publications
referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the
section entitled International Standards Correspondence Index, or by using the
Find facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.
Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, the EN title page,
pages 2 to 9 and a back cover.
The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the document
was last issued.
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EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPlSCHE NORM
EN 1515-1
November 1999
lCS 21.060.10; 21.060.20; 23.040.60
English version
Flanges and their joints - Bolting - Part 1: Selection of bolting
Brides et leurs assemblages - Boulonnerie - Partie 1:
Slection de la boulonnerie
Flansche und ihre Verbindungen - Schrauben und Muttern -
Teil 1: Auswahl von Schrauben und Muttern
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 September 1999.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC lnternal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
lceland, lreland, ltaly, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
(8523($1 &200,77(( )25 67$1'$5',=$7,21
&20, 7e (8523e(1 '( 1250$/, 6$7, 21
(8523b, 6&+(6 .20, 7(( )h5 125081*
CentraI Secretariat: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 BrusseIs
1999 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved
worldwide for CEN national Members.
Ref. No. EN 1515-1:1999 E
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Page 2
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
Contents
Page
Foreword 2
1 Scope 2
2 Normative References 3
3 Selection of bolting types 4
4 Selection of bolting materials 4
5 Technical conditions of delivery 6
Annex A (normative): Stud bolts threaded full length 7
Annex B (informative): Equivalent bolting materials 8
Foreword
This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 74, Flanges and their joints, the
Secretariat of which is held by DlN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text
or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2000, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest
by May 2000.
This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and
the European Free Trade Association. This European Standard is considered to be a supporting standard to
those application and product standards which in themselves support an essential safety requirement of a New
Approach Directive and which make reference to this European Standard.
According to the CEN/CENELEC lnternal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, lceland, lreland, ltaly, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
EN 1515 consists of two parts:
Part 1: Selection of bolting
Part 2: Combination of flange and bolting materials for steel flanges, PN designated.
1 Scope
This European Standard is applicable to the selection of bolting for PN designated flanges in accordance with
EN 1092 series and class designated flanges in accordance with EN 1759 series
1)
.
lt specifies standards for dimensions, materials and technical conditions of delivery for bolts, stud bolts and
nuts.

1)
prEN 1759-1 is in preparation whereas prEN 1759-3 and prEN 1759-4 are publicly available.
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Page 3
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
The bolting of within standard is selected for the combined use with flanges from the EN 1092 series and
EN 1759 series but not for general purpose.
The selection of the materials is based on commonly used materials. lt covers all pressure and temperature
ranges of the general service of standard flanges.
For special applications other materials may be selected by the user.
ln some cases, similar alloys have been included, which differ only by carbon contents (e.g. 0,25 % or 0,42 %),
because of the different requirements of the national standards. When the new European Standards are
produced, it is expected that the opportunity to rationalize these many grades will result in a reduction of
standardized grades.
2 Normative references
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European
Standard, only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of
the publication referred to applies.
EN 1092 Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories - PN
designated
prEN 1759-3 Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, class
designated - Part 3: Copper alloy and composite flanges
prEN 1759-4 Flanges and their joints - Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, class
designated - Part 4: Aluminium alloy flanges
EN 10269 Steels and nickel alloys for fasteners with specified elevated and/or low temperature properties
EN 20898-1 Mechanical properties of fasteners - Part 1: Bolts, screws and studs (lSO 898-1:1998)
EN 20898-2 Mechanical properties of fasteners - Part 2: Nuts with specified proof load values - Coarse
thread (lSO 898-2:1992)
EN 24014 Hexagon head bolts - Product grades A and B (lSO 4014:1988)
EN 24016 Hexagon head bolts - Product grade C (lSO 4016:1988)
EN 24032 Hexagon nuts, style 1 - Product grades A and B (lSO 4032:1986)
EN 24033 Hexagon nuts, style 2 - Product grades A and B (lSO 4033:1979)
EN 24034 Hexagon nuts - Product grade C (lSO 4034:1986)
EN lSO 3506-1 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 1 : Bolts, screws
and studs (lSO 3506-1:1997)
EN lSO 3506-2 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 2 : Nuts
(lSO 3506-2:1997)
lSO 261 lSO general purpose metric screw threads - General plan
lSO 965-2 lSO general purpose metric screw threads Tolerances - Part 2: Limits of sizes for general
purpose external and internal screw threads - Medium quality.
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Page 4
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
3 SeIection of boIting types
The selection of bolting types specified in Table 1 is based on the material. lt is necessary that all other service
conditions such as fluids are taken into account by the user of the standard.
TabIe 1: Types of boIting
Dimensional standard Material
Bolts
Stud bolts
Nuts or
property class
Remarks
EN 24016 EN 24034 4.6/5
5.6/5
6.8/6
Hexagon head bolt
EN 24014 EN 24032
EN 24033
1)
All Hexagon head bolt
Annex A of this
standard
EN 24032
EN 24033
1)
All Stud bolt,
threaded full length
1)
Nuts in accordance with EN 24033 are normally used for industrial plants.
For sizes M39 nuts with P= G are recommended.
4 SeIection of boIting materiaIs
The selection of bolting materials specified in Table 2 is based on PN or Class and the allowable temperature. lt
is necessary that all other service conditions such as fluid are taken into account by the user of this standard.
TabIe 2: MateriaIs and service Iimits
Line
No
PN
Class
Tempe-
rature
range
Type of material Steel designation name or property class
Steel designation number
Material standard
up to C bolts nuts bolts nuts
1
PN 40
Cl. 300
-10
to
120
C-St C-St 4.6
-
EN 20898-1
5
-
EN 20898-2
2
PN 40
1)
Cl. 300
-10
to
300
C-St C-St 5.6
-
EN 20898-1
5
-
EN 20898-2
3
PN 40
1)
Cl. 300
-10
to
300
C-St C-St 6.8
-
EN 20898-1
6
-
EN 20898-2
4
PN 40
1)
Cl. 300
-10
to
300
C-St C-St 8.8
-
EN 20898-1
8
-
EN 20898-2
5
All -10
to
450
0,25C-1Cr-Mo C-St
elev. temp.
25CrMo4
1.7218
EN 10269
C35E
1.1181
EN 10269
6
All -10
to
450
0,42C-1Cr-Mo C-St
elev. temp.
42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
C45E
1.1191
EN 10269
7
All -60
to
400
0,25C-1Cr-Mo 18Cr-9Ni 25CrMo4
1.7218
EN 10269
A2-50, A2-70
-
EN lSO 3506-2
continued
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Page 5
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
TabIe 2: (concluded)
Line
No
PN
Class
Tempe-
rature
range
Type of material Steel designation name or property class
Steel designation number
Material standard
up to C bolts nuts bolts nuts
8
All -100
to
450
0,42C-1Cr-Mo 0,42C-1Cr-Mo 42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
9
All -40
to
300
0,3C-2Cr-Ni-Mo 0,42C-1Cr-Mo 30CrNiMo8
1.6580
EN 10269
42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
10
All -10
to
500
0,42C-1,3Cr-
0,6Mo
0,42C-1Cr-Mo 42CrMo5-6
-
EN 10269
42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
11
All -10
to
500
0,40C-1Cr-
0,6Mo-V
0,42C-1Cr-Mo 40CrMoV4-6
1.7711
EN 10269
42CrMo4
1.7225
EN 10269
12
All -10
to
540
0,21C-1,3Cr-
0,7Mo-V
0,21C-1,3Cr-
0,7Mo-V
21CrMoV5-7
1.7709
EN 10269
21CrMoV5-7
1.7709
EN 10269
13
All -10
to
600
0,2C-1Cr-1Mo-
V-Ti-B
0,2C-1Cr-1Mo-
V-Ti-B
20CrMoVTiB4-10
-
EN 10269
20CrMoVTiB4-10
-
EN 10269
14
All -200
to
550
25Ni-15Cr-0,2Ti-
Mo-V-B
25Ni-15Cr-0,2Ti-
Mo-V-B
X6NiCrTiMoVB
25-15-2
1.4980
EN 10269
X6NiCrTiMoVB
25-15-2
1.4980
EN 10269
15
All -10
to
550
16Cr-16Ni-Mo-
B-Nb
16Cr-16Ni-Mo-
B-Nb
X7CrNiMoBNb16-16
1.4986
EN 10269
X7CrNiMoBNb16-16
1.4986
EN 10269
16
PN 40
Cl. 300
-200
to
400
18Cr-9Ni-Mo 18Cr-9Ni-Mo A4-50
-
EN lSO 3506-1
A4-50
-
EN lSO 3506-2
17
PN 100
Cl. 600
-200
to
400
18Cr-9Ni-Mo 18Cr-9Ni-Mo A4-70
-
EN lSO 3506-1
A4-70
-
EN lSO 3506-2
18
PN 40
Cl. 300
-200
to
400
18Cr-9Ni 18Cr-9Ni A2-50
-
EN lSO 3506-1
A2-50
-
EN lSO 3506-2
19
PN 100
Cl. 600
-200
to
400
18Cr-9Ni 18Cr-9Ni A2-70
-
EN lSO 3506-1
A2-70
-
EN lSO 3506-2
20
PN 40
Cl. 300
-200
to
550
17Cr-12Ni-2Mo 17Cr-12Ni-2Mo X5CrNiMo17-12-2
1.4401
EN 10269
X5CrNiMo17-12-2
1.4401
EN 10269
21
PN 100
Cl. 600
-200
to
200
2)
17Cr-12Ni-2Mo
AT+C
17Cr-12Ni-2Mo X5CrNiMo17-12-2
AT+C
1.4401
EN 10269
X5CrNiMo17-12-2
1.4401
EN 10269
22
PN 40
Cl. 300
-200
to
550
18Cr-10Ni 18Cr-10Ni X5CrNi18-10
1.4301
EN 10269
X5CrNi18-10
1.4301
EN 10269
23
PN 100
Cl. 600
-200
to
200
2)
18Cr-10Ni
AT+C
18Cr-10Ni X5CrNi18-10 AT+C
1.4301
EN 10269
X5CrNi18-10
1.4301
EN 10269
1)
Up to PN 63 for temperature up to 120 C.
2)
Allowable stresses for elevated temperatures may be taken from the material in AT condition, as no
stresses exist for the cold worked condition.
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Page 6
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
5 TechnicaI conditions of deIivery
The technical conditions of delivery are included in the standards given for the bolting and the materials.
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Page 7
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
Annex A (normative) Stud boIts threaded fuII Iength
Stud bolts shall be threaded full length. The points shall be chamferred or rounded at the manufacturer's option.
The height of point shall be a maximum one times the pitch of thread.
The length of stud bolts has to be measured including points. The lengths are stepped by increments of 5 mm
for lengths up to 80 mm, by increments of 10 mm for lengths above 80 mm and up to 200 mm, and by
increments of 20 mm for lengths above 200 mm.
Thread in accordance with lSO 261, lSO 965-2 tolerance class 6g. Type of thread is either coarse thread or
above M39 fine thread with 4 mm pitch.
The type of thread shall be selected by the user.
Fine thread above M39 is normally used for industrial plants, coarse thread up to and including M64 is normally
used for water service.
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Page 8
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
Annex B (informative) EquivaIent boIting materiaIs
Bolting materials according to national standards which are comparible to the materials of European Standards
is given in Table B.1. These materials have similar chemical composition and similar strength level as the
compared materials of European Standards. They can be used if agreed upon by the purchaser. These national
materials may be applied within the scope of Directive 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive) under the
precondition that European Approval for Materials is available.
TabIe B.1: EquivaIent boIting materiaIs
Pro-
duct
Material designation name or property class or grade
Material standard
Re-
marks
for materials in accordance with
EN BS NF DlN ASTM 1)
Bolt
4.6
EN 20898-1
4.6
BS EN 20898:
Part 1:1992
4.6
NF EN 20898-1
4.6
DlN lSO 898:
Teil 1
Gr. B
ASTM A307
2)
Nut
5
EN 20898-2
5
BS EN 20898:
Part 2:1994
5
NF EN 20898-2
5
DlN EN 20898:
Teil 2
1/2
ASTM A194
2)
Bolt
5.6
EN 20898-1
5.6
BS EN 20898:
Part 1:1992
5.6
NF EN 20898-1
5.6
DlN lSO 898:
Teil 1
-
-
2)
Nut
6
EN 20898-2
6
BS EN 20898:
Part 2:1994
6
NF EN 20898-2
6
DlN EN 20898:
Teil 2
-
-
2)
Bolt
6.8
EN 20898-1
6.8
BS EN 20898:
Part 1:1992
6.8
NF EN 20898-1
6.8
DlN lSO 898:
Teil 1
-
-
2)
Nut
8
EN 20898-2
8
BS EN 20898:
Part 2:1994
8
.NF EN 20898-2
8
DlN EN 20898:
Teil 2
-
-
2)
Bolt
8.8
EN 20898-1
8.8
BS EN 20898:
Part 1:1992
8.8
NF EN 20898-1
8.8
DlN lSO 898:
Teil 1
-
-
2)
Nut
C35E
EN 10269
-
-
-
-
Ck35
DlN 17240
-
-
Nut
C45E
EN 10269
162
BS 1506
AF65C45
NF E29-043
Ck45
-
2H
ASTM A194
Bolt
25CrMo4
EN 10269
-
-
25CD4
NF E29-043
24CrMo5
DlN 17240
-
-
ET
Bolt
25CrMo4
EN 10269
-
-
25CD4
NF E29-043
26CrMo5
DlN 17280
-
-
LT
Bolt
42CrMo4
EN 10269
630
BS 1506
42CD4
NF E29-043
-
-
B7
ASTM A193
ET
Bolt 42CrMo4
EN 10269
630
BS 1506
42CD4
NF E29-043
-
-
L7
ASTM A320
LT
Nut
42CrMo4
EN 10269
253
BS 1506
42CD4
NF E29-043
-
-
7
ASTM A194
LT
Bolt
42CrMo5-6
EN 10269
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Bolt
30CrNiMo8
EN 10269
-
-
40NCD7-03
NF E29-043
-
-
L43
ASTM A320
Bolt
40CrMoV4-6
EN 10269
670-860
BS 1506
42CDV4
NF E29-043
40CrMoV4 7
DlN 17240
B16
ASTM A193
Bolt
and
Nut
21CrMoV5-7
EN 10269
-
-
20CDV5-07
NF E29-043
21CrMoV5 7
DlN 17240
-
-
Bolt
and
Nut
20CrMoVTiB
4-10
EN 10269
681-820
BS 1506
-
-
-
-
-
-
continued
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Page 9
EN 1515-1:1999
BSl 02-2000
TabIe B.1: (concluded)
Pro-
duct
Material designation name or property class or grade
Material standard
Re-
marks
for materials in accordance with
EN BS NF DlN ASTM 1)
Bolt
and
Nut
X6NiCrTiMoVB
25-15-2
EN 10269
286
BS 1506
Z6NCTDV25-15
NF E29-043
X5NiCrTi26 15
VdTueV 435/3
Gr.660
ASTM A 453
Bolt
and
Nut
X7CrNiMoBNb
16-16
EN 10269
-
-
-
-
X8CrNiMoBNb
16 16
DlN 17240
-
-
Bolt
and
Nut
A4-50
EN lSO 3506-2
A4-50
BS EN lSO 3506 :
Part 2: 1998
A4-50
NF EN lSO 3506-2
A4-50
DlN EN lSO 3506-2
-
-
2)
Bolt
and
Nut
A4-70
EN lSO 3506-2
A4-70
BS EN lSO 3506 :
Part 2: 1998
A4-70
NF EN lSO 3506-2
A4-70
DlN EN lSO 3506-2
-
-
2)
Bolt
and
Nut
A2-50
EN lSO 3506-2
A2-50
BS EN lSO 3506 :
Part 2: 1998
A2-50
NF EN lSO 3506-2
A2-50
DlN EN lSO 3506-2
-
-
2)
Bolt
and
Nut
A2-70
EN lSO 3506-2
A2-70
BS EN lSO 3506 :
Part 2: 1998
A2-70
NF EN lSO 3506-2
A2-70
DlN EN lSO 3506-2
-
-
2)
Bolt X5CrNiMo
17-12-2
EN 10269
B8M 316S31
BS 4882
Z7CND17-11-02
NF E29-043
X6CrNiMoTi
17 12 2
DlN 17440
B8M CL.1
ASTM A193
ASTM A320
Bolt X5CrNiMo
17-12-2 AT+C
EN 10269
B8MX 316S31
BS 4882
Z7CND17-11-02
Ecroui
NF E29-043
-
-
B8M CL.2
ASTM A193
ASTM A320
Nut X5CrNiMo
17-12-2
EN 10269
8M 316S31
BS 4882
Z7CND17-11-02
NF E29-043
X6CrNiMoTi
17 12 2
DlN 17440
8M
ASTM A194
Bolt
X5CrNi 18-10
EN 10269
B8 304S31
BS 4882
Z6CN18-09
NF E29-043
X5CrNi18 10
DlN 17440
B8 CL.1
ASTM A193
ASTM A320
Bolt
X5CrNi 18-10
AT+C
EN 10269
B8X 304S31
BS 4882
Z6CN18-09
Ecroui
NF E29-043
-
-
B8 CL.2
ASTM A193
ASTM A320
Nut
X5CrNi 18-10
EN 10269
8 304S31
BS 4882
Z6CN18-09
NF E29-043
X5CrNi18 10
DlN 17440
8
ASTM A194
1)
ET = service at elevated temperatures, LT = service at low temperatures.
2)
BS 3692, BS 4190, NF E29-043, NF E25-100 and NF E25-400 may also be used.
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BS EN
1515-1:2000
BSI
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London
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