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CHAPTER 1

ORGANIZATION 1.1 Structure

1.1.1 The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (AH&D) is one of the Departments in the Ministry of Agriculture and came into existence with effect from February 1, 1991 by converting two divisions of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation namely, Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development into a separate Department. The Fisheries Division of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation and a part of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries was later transferred to the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying with effect from October 10, 1997. 1.1.2 Sh Sharad Pawar has taken over as Agriculture Minister w.e.f 22nd May, 2004 and on the same day Sh. Kantilal Bhuria has been appointed Minister of State for Agriculture. The administrative head of the Department is the Secretary, Animal Husbandry and Dairying. Shri S. Regunathan took over as Secretary (AH&D) with effect from 8th March 2004. 1.2 Functions
. The Department came into existence in February 1991 and Fisheries was transferred to the Department in October 1997. 2. Main focus of the activities is on (a) 1

1.2.1 The Department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection and improvement of stocks and dairy development and also for matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining to fishing and fisheries, inland and marine.

of requisite 1.2.2 The Department advises State development infrastructure in States/UTs for Governments/Union Territories in the improving animal productivity (b) formulation of policies and programmes in the preservation and livestock health field of animal husbandry, dairy development care (c) strengthening of central and (d) and fisheries. The main focus of the activities is livestock farms in fresh,expansion of aquaculture brackish on (a) development of requisite infrastructure in States/UTs for improving animal productivity (b) preservation and protection of livestock through provision of health care (c) strengthening of central livestock farms (Cattle, Sheep and Poultry) for development of superior germplasm for distribution to states and (d) expansion of aquaculture in fresh, brackish water and welfare of fisherfolk etc.

1.2.3

The list of the subjects allocated to the Department is at Annexure-I.

1.2.4 Secretary of the Department is assisted by Animal Husbandry Commissioner, four joint secretaries and one Advisor Statistics in discharge of his administrative responsibilities. The organization chart of the Department and work allocation among the Divisional heads is at Annexure-ll.

1.3

Subordinate Offices

1.3.1 The Department looks after administration of the 36 field offices / subordinate offices spread over the country, which deal with various disciplines of animal husbandry and fisheries sectors. Their category-wise breakup is as follows: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) Central Cattle Development Organisations Central Poultry Development Organistions Central Sheep Development Organistion Central Fodder Development Organistions Animal Quarantine Certification Centres Delhi Milk Scheme Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fisheries, Bangalore. Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, Cochin. Integrated Fisheries Project, Cochin. Fisheries Survey of India, Mumbai. Aquaculture Authority, Chennai. Total 1.3.2 1.4 12 5 1 8 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 ------36

A list of these subordinate offices is given at Annexure-IIl. National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

1.4.1 National Dairy Development Board is a premier institution, and is located at Anand, Gujarat. The Board was set up in 1965 to accelerate the pace of dairy development on cooperative lines. Dr. (Ms) Amrita Patel is the Chairperson of the Board with effect from 26th November 1998. 1.5 Advisory Boards

1.5.1 Six Advisory Committees/Councils/Boards have been constituted to advise the Department for promotion of activities in various fields of animal husbandry and fisheries sectors. These are as follows: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) 1.6 Gosamvardhan Advisory Council; Central Advisory Committee for Development of Sheep, Goats and Rabbits; Equine Development Board; Central Poultry Development Advisory Council; Milk and Milk Products Advisory Board; Central Board of Fisheries; National Commission on Cattle

1.6.1 A National Commission on Cattle was set up during August 2001 to review the relevant laws of the land relating to protection, preservation,

development and well being of cattle and implementation of laws, regulations, standards etc. for movement of cattle and improvement of functions of gaushalas/gausadans/pinjarapoles and to suggest such measures as may be deemed necessary to secure cattle wealth of India. The Commission submitted its Report in July 2002. The Department constituted an expert group of officers to examine the recommendations made by the commission and suggest measures to implement them. The report of the Expert Group has been considered. Most of the recommendations of the Commission have been approved by the Agriculture Minister. The recommendations concerning other Departments/Organisations/State Governments have been sent to them for taking appropriate action. 1.7 Aquaculture Authority, Chennai

1.7.1 The Aquaculture Authority has been set up under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 as per the directives of the Supreme Court. Its main objective is to regulate the shrimp farming activities and to ensure that these activities are done in an environment friendly and sustainable manner. It is located at Chennai and Justice Ramanujam is its present Chairman. 1.8 Staff Grievances Cell

1.8.1 A Staff Grievances Cell has been established in the Department to look into grievances. Action is underway to extend this facility to subordinate offices of the Department. A Director level officer has been designated to look in to grievance matters, both of the Public, as also of the staff of the Department. 1.9 Liaison Officer for SC/ST

1.9.1 An officer of the rank of Deputy Secretary in the Department has been designated as Liaison Officer for SC/ST employees. Action has also been taken to extend the facility to subordinate offices. 1.10 Vigilance Unit

1.10.1 A Vigilance Unit has been functioning in the Department to process vigilance cases pertaining to the Department and subordinate offices. One of the Joint Secretaries has been appointed as part-time Chief Vigilance Officer of the Department. 1.11 Progressive use of Hindi

1.11.1 The Department has made concerted efforts during the year for promotion of Hindi in official work. The Hindi section was actively involved in translating various important documents like Annual Report, Performance Budget, Parliament Questions, documents related to Parliamentary Standing Committee and Cabinet notes, etc. as well as in implementing the Official Language policy of the Government. 1.11.2 An Official Language Implementation Committee is functioning in the Department. In accordance with the prescribed rules, four meetings of the

Committee were held during the year. The progress in use of Hindi in the Department was reviewed in these meetings and programmes were formulated to achieve better results. 1.11.3 An Annual Action Programme has been formulated for promoting Hindi. In pursuance of orders of the Department of Official Language and with a view to assess the progress of Hindi in subordinate offices, inspections were conducted at the field offices located at Chandigarh, Bhubaneswar, Chennai and Bangalore. 1.11.4 From time to time instructions were also issued to all Officers/sections emphasizing the need for proper implementation of the Official Language Policy of the Government. In order to encourage officials to do their maximum work in Hindi, the Department has also introduced an incentive scheme. 1.11.5 Hindi Pakhwara was celebrated in the Department during September 1-14, 2003. Various competitions were organised during this fortnight and successful candidates were suitably rewarded. 1.12 Management Information System

1.12.1 The Department in association with the Project Directorate of National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) has taken various measures during 2003-04 to usher in e-Governance using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) applications for decision support. 1.12.2 Networking of NPRE (National Project on Rinderpest Eradication) Headquarters and 35 State Directorates was accomplished, under the sponsored programme. About 175 officers in various States were trained in office productivity tools, database design, GIS and application software for sending NPRE data from State level. 1.12.3 The web site of the Department http:// dahd.nic.in has been rewritten and details of the conferences, reports, guidelines, projects and various data have been put on this web site. The web site is now extensively used under the Government-to-Government e-governance paradigm. This Department frequently uses NIC Video Conferencing facility for interaction with the State Governments. The Department organized a Regional Video Conference of State Secretaries of Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries of Eastern Region in July, 2003.

CHAPTER 2
APPROACH AND STRATEGIES 2.1 Approach & Thrust Areas

2.1.1 The Animal Husbandry and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the national economy, and in the socio-economic development of the country. These sectors also play a significant role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people. 2.2 National Agriculture Policy

2.2.1 The National Agriculture Policy aims to attain a growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector, stresses the importance of food and nutritional security issues and the importance of animal husbandry and fisheries sectors in generating wealth and employment. Since the present growth rate in crop production is around 2%, higher growth rates of 6 to 8% in Animal Husbandry sector, would help in achieving the targeted growth rate of 4% for the Agriculture sector as a whole. The Policy proposes to accord high priority to diversification of production, increasing protein availability in the food basket and generation of exportable surpluses. Health care, fodder production, and freedom from animal diseases are some of the other areas of importance, as envisaged in the Policy document. 2.2.2 On fisheries, an integrated approach to marine and inland fisheries, designed to promote sustainable aquaculture practices, has been envisaged. The fields of biotechnological applications in the genetics and breeding, immunology and disease control are some of the other priority areas. The policy indicates that deep-sea fishing will be developed to take advantage of the vast potential of the resources in the countrys exclusive economic zone. 2.3 Approach for 10th Plan

2.3.1 The Agriculture Policy lays stresses on the importance of food and nutritional security through diversification of agriculture in animal husbandry and fishery sector. The Approach Paper to the Tenth Five Year Plan has also identified animal husbandry including dairying and poultry as an important component of agricultural diversification. The commitment of the Government to enhance food production also calls for rapid increase in the production of livestock, fish and fishery products. Keeping these in view, the emphasis of the Department will be on the all round development of these sectors. 2.3.2 In consonance with the overall strategy of the Tenth Plan, the major thrust of the policies and activities of the Department was concentrated on rapid genetic upgradation of cattle and buffaloes, provision of health cover including

creation of disease free zones, provision of nutritious feed and fodder, integrated approach to marine and inland fisheries, development of deep sea fishing, etc. 2.3.3 The major thrust during the 10th Five Year Plan is, hence, on the following critical areas; Rapid genetic up gradation of cattle and buffaloes and improvement in the delivery mechanism of breeding inputs and services to farmers. Extension of dairy development activities in non-Operation Flood, hilly and backward areas, including clean milk production. Promotion of fodder crops and fodder trees to improve animal nutrition. Provision of adequate animal health services with special emphasis on creation of disease free zones and control of foot and mouth disease. Improvement of small ruminants & pack animals Development of backyard poultry in rural areas. Provision of credit facility to farmers for viable activities. Development of reliable database and management information system. Adoption of integrated approach to marine and inland fisheries, designed to promote sustainable aquaculture practices. Strengthening of infrastructure for production of fish seed, berthing and landing facilities for fishing vessels. Mechanization of fishing boats. Development of the deep sea fishing industry to take advantage of the vast potential of countrys exclusive economic zone.
MAIN THRUST AREAS
Animal diseases control. Livestock breed improvement & development. Fodder development. Dairy and Poultry development. Fisheries development.

2.3.4 Development of backyard poultry, breed improvement, fodder development, promotion of extension programme, clean milk production, development of inland fishing insurance for fishermen and integrated dairy development scheme have also been identified as the thrust area. 2.4 Strategy

2.4.1 Accordingly, the strategy and objectives pursued for development of animal husbandry and fisheries sectors during the year can be summarized as follows: (i) Expand and strengthen the infrastructure for artificial insemination, improve its efficiency and effectiveness using frozen semen technology for crossbreeding purposes. (ii) Creation of seed stock of qualitative superior bulls and bull mothers which would form the nucleus germplasm pool for rapidly building a national milch herd of high productivity cattle and buffaloes.

STRATEGIES
Expansion of infrastructure. Creation of seed stock of superior bulls and bull mothers. Adequate animal health services. Facilitate genetic improvement and conservation of indigenous breeds Improve productivity of pasturelands through improved fodder seeds. Upgradation of

(iii)Facilitate genetic improvement of important livestock breeds through selective breeding and crossbreeding of low production non-descript stock, both for milk and draught purposes. Important indigenous breeds will be conserved. (iv) Improve productivity of pasturelands by introducing improved fodder seeds and increased use of waste lands for fodder production. (v) Develop adequate animal health services for protection of livestock, with special emphasis on control of foot and mouth disease. (vi) Improve the database in respect of livestock products. (vii)Enhance the adoption of technological inventions for increasing productivity of livestock products. (viii)Upgradation of fishing capabilities of existing mechanized vessels and introduction of intermediate range of fishing craft with capacity to fish in depth of 70-150 meters. (ix)Development of large, medium and small reservoirs and floodplain lakes for fish yield optimization. (x)Development of Freshwater aquaculture through Fish Farmers Development Agencies by providing assistance to fish farmers on various technology packages of aquaculture. (xi)Popularization of freshwater prawn farming including setting up small-scale prawn hatcheries. (xii)Development of environmentally sustainable aquaculture practices in coastal areas. (xiii)Development of fisheries and aquaculture in hill areas for both food and sports fishing. (xiv) Publication of extension material in print and electronic media on various topics for popularization of fisheries and aquaculture. (xv) Welfare programmes for farmers and fishermen through insurance coverage, improvement of traditional habitats etc. 2.5 The Governments initiative and assistance to States

2.5.1 As the Agriculture including Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, is a state subject, the emphasis of the Department has been on supplementing the efforts of the State Government in the development of these sectors. The Governments efforts are mainly concentrated on increasing the production of major livestock products, fish and fishery products. Accordingly the Department has been providing assistance to the State Governments for the control of animal diseases, scientific management and upgradation of genetic resources, increasing availability of nutritious feed and fodder, sustainable development of processing and marketing facilities and enhancement of production and profitability of livestock and fisheries enterprises.

2.6

Performance & Achievements during 9th Plan

2.6.1 During 9th Plan, the Department implemented 41 schemes including 4 new schemes for enhancing productivity and increasing the involvement of weaker sections of society in the development of the livestock and fisheries sectors. 2.6.2 The achievements made by the Department during 9th Plan are as under:

2.7

India became free from Rinderpest Disease. PPR Vaccine launched. India continues to rank first in milk production in the world. Major thrust was given to cattle and buffalo breeding. Livestock products including fish and fish products enhanced substantially. The contribution of these sectors in the total GDP during 2001-02 was 7.35% Allocation for the 10th Plan

2.7.1 The Department for the 10th Plan proposed to implement 18 schemes which comprised of the 4 new schemes viz., Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme, Poultry/Dairy Venture Capital Fund, Strengthening of infrastructure for quality and clean milk production and Strengthening of Database & Information Networking. Of these, one relates to Secretariat and Economic Services, 8 relate to animal husbandry, 4 to Dairy Development and 5 to Fisheries sector. The Department also proposed to adopt macro-management approach in respect of Centrally Sponsored Schemes and accordingly 5 schemes on macro management approach are being implemented to enhance the productivity of support programmes and to accord greater flexibility to State Governments to develop and pursue activities on the basis of Regional priorities. It is a major step towards achieving decentralization in pursuance of restoring primacy of States in agricultural development planning. 2.7.2 The Department has been allocated Rs. 2500.00 crores to implement schemes as described above for the 10th Plan. Three schemes namely the Modernisation of Slaughter Houses/Carcass Utilisation Centre, Directorate of Animal Health and Delhi Milk Scheme were approved conditionally. However, consequent to the Departments persuasion, Planning Commission agreed to continue the scheme of Directorate of Animal Health for the Tenth Plan and the scheme of DMS, till the matter of transferring it to NCT of Delhi or corporatization of it is settled. The Department in October 2003 modified the scheme-wise break-up of Tenth Plan allocation in order to accommodate the scheme of Livestock Census, which had been taken up by the Department on transfer from the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation from 2002-03. 2.8 Budget Estimates and Expenditure 2002-03

2.8.1 The Department was allocated Rs. 300.00 crores for the Annual Plan 2002-03, which includes Rs.30.00 crore for the development of animal husbandry and fisheries in North Eastern Region and Sikkim. The total allocation was to be financed from Domestic Budgetary Support (DBS). Against this, Ministry of Finance had fixed RE at Rs.240.00 crores. The Department made an expenditure of Rs.238.90 crores, which include Rs.125.36 crores for the animal husbandry sector, Rs.34.99 crores for dairy development sector and Rs.75.98 crores for fisheries sector. The expenditure in the North Eastern Region and Sikkim had been Rs.18.84 crores.

2.9

Budget Estimate 2003-04


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2.9.1 The Department submitted Annual Plan proposals of Rs.504.41 crores to Planning Commission for the implementation of 18 schemes, which includes new formulation in respect of 3 main schemes, 3 component schemes and 3 Fishery schemes with modified formulation.. However, the Department was allocated Rs.300.00 crores which include Rs.172.10 crores for animal husbandry, Rs.29.90 crores for dairy development and Rs.95.00 crores for fisheries sectors. Secretariat and Economic Services was provided Rs.3.00 crores. 2.9.2 In pursuance of Prime Ministers package for the development of North-East, the Department earmarked Rs. 30.00 crores for the development of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries in the states of this region. 2.10 Revised Estimate 2003-04

2.10.1 Against BE of Rs. 300.00 crores, RE of Rs. 275.00 crores was agreed by the Ministry of Finance which was segregated at Rs. 181.79 crores for Animal Husbandry, Rs. 19.97 crores for Dairy development, Rs. 70.24 crores for Fisheries Sectors respectively and Rs. 3.00 crores for Secretariat and Economic Services. 2.11 Expenditure during 2003-04

2.11.1 The Department made concerted effort to improve utilization of budgetary allocation and as a result of these steps, the Department has utilized an amount of Rs.273.13 crores (provisional) against the RE allocation of Rs.275.00 crores. This include an expenditure of Rs.181.93 crores in animal husbandry sector, Rs.19.82 crores in dairy development and Rs.68.67 crores in fisheries sectors respectively. 2.12 Annual Plan 2004-05

2.12.1 The Department for 2004-05 proposes to implement 21 schemes. The number of schemes has been shown to have increased from 18 to 21 as some of the schemes were initially proposed to be merged but are now being implemented as separate schemes. Of these 21 schemes, one relates to Secretariat and Economic Services, 9 relate to animal husbandry, 5 to Dairy Development and 6 to Fisheries sector. The Department formulated the Annual Plan proposals 2004-05 of Rs. 561.19 crores. The proposals do not incorporate any funding from External Aided Project (EAP) or Internal External Borrowed Resources (IEBR). 2.12.2 Against the proposal of 561.19 crores, the Planning Commission has agreed to allocate Rs.500.00 crores. This include Rs.284.38 crores for animal husbandry, Rs.51.62 crores for dairy development and Rs.160.00 crores for fisheries sector. The allocation for the North Eastern Region and Sikkim has been kept at Rs.50.00 crores. The provision for Secretariat & Economic Services has been kept at Rs.4.00 crores. The scheme-wise financial allocation for Tenth Plan, BE 2002-03, Expenditure 2002-03, BE-2003-04, RE 2003-04, Expenditure2003-04 and BE 200405 is indicated in a Statement at Annexure-IV.

2.13
2.13.1

Livestock resources India has vast resource of livestock and poultry, which play a vital role in improving the socio-economic conditions of the rural masses. India ranks first in respect of cattle and buffalo, 2nd in goats, 3rd in sheep and 7th in poultry population in the world. India has 57% of the world's buffalo population.
Women constitute 71% of the labour force in livestock farming. In dairying, 75 million women are engaged as against 15 million men. About 0.5 million women are employed in pre and post harvest operations in marine sector. In India food consumption basket is also diversified in favour of non-food grain items like milk, meat, egg and fish. Women will be playing a larger role in value addition and

2.13.2 As a result of Government's efforts and health care services, there is significant improvement in reduction of mortality rate due to epidemic diseases. Consequently the livestock population has increased steadily as is evident from the table below:Livestock Population (Million Nos)
S.No Species Livestock Census 1992 1997 Growth Rate(%) 1997 over 1992 Annual(compounded)

1 Cattle 2 Buffalo 3 Sheep 4 Goat 5 Pigs 6 Others Total Livestock* 7 Poultry

204.58 84.21 50.78 115.28 12.79 3.22 470.86 307.07

198.88 89.91 57.29 122.71 13.29 3.28 485.36 347.11

-2.79 6.77 12.82 6.45 3.91 1.86 3.08 13.04

-0.56 1.32 2.44 1.26 0.77 0.37 0.61 2.48

* - excludes pack animals, yaks and mithuns 2.13.3 The state-wise breakup of different species of livestock is given in the statement at Annexure - V. 2.14 Employment Generation 2.14.1 Animal Husbandry sector provides large self-employment opportunities. According to National Sample Survey Organization's latest survey (1999-2000), the estimate of employment in animal husbandry sector was 11 million in principle status and 8 million in subsidiary status, which is 5% of the total working population.
India ranks first in respect of cattle and buffaloes, second in goats, third in sheep and sixth in poultry population in the world. About 19 million people working in livestock sector. The contribution of livestock and fisheries sector in

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2.15
2.15.1

Value of Output According to estimates of the Central Statistics Organization (CSO), the value of output from livestock and fisheries sectors together was about Rs 179,543 crores at current prices during 2001-02 (Rs. 150,240 crores for livestock sector and Rs. 29,303 crores for fisheries) which is about 28.3 per cent of the value of the output of Rs. 635,395 crores from total Agriculture & allied Sector. The contribution of these sectors in the total GDP during 1999-2000 was 6.8 %.

2.16
2.16.1

Other Contributions Livestock Sector not only provides essential proteins and nutritious human diet through milk, eggs, meat etc., but also plays an important role in utilization of non-edible agricultural by-products. Livestock also provides raw material/by products such as hides and skins, blood, bone, fat etc. The contribution of milk alone (Rs.103,804 crores) was higher than paddy (Rs. 73,964 crores), wheat (Rs.43,815 crores) and sugarcane (Rs.28,205 crores). The value of output from meat group as per estimates of Central Statistical Organization (CSO) at current prices was Rs. 4,438 crores during 2001-02 as compared to Rs. 2,834 crores during 1995-96.

2.17

Export Earnings

2.17.1 Total export earnings from livestock, poultry and related products was Rs. 4226 crores in 2002-03. Out of the total exports, leather sector accounted for Rs. 2470 crores in value terms. 2.18
2.18.1

Milk Production During past five year plans several measures have been initiated by the Government to increase the productivity of livestock, which has resulted in significant increase in milk production to the level of 85.7 million tonnes at the end of the Ninth Plan (2001-02) as compared to 17.00 million tonnes in 1950-51. India's milk output during 2002-03 was anticipated to be 89.38 million tonnes and is expected to reach the level of 92.23 million tonnes during 2003-04. Thus India continues the largest producer of milk in the World. The per capita availability of milk is also expected to increase to 228 g per day during 2002-03 from 202 g per day in 1996-97.

2.19
2.19.1

Egg Production Poultry development in the country has shown steady progress over the years, primarily due to research and development schemes of Government and effective management and marketing by organized private sector. Egg production at the end of the Ninth Plan (2001-02) was 39 billion compared to only 2 billion during 1950-51. The egg production in India was anticipated to be 41.73 billion in 2002-03 and is expected to increase to 43.13

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billion during 2003-04. Currently India ranks fifth in egg production in the World. 2.20
2.20.1

Wool Production Wool production at the end of Ninth Plan (2001-02) was 50.7 million kgs. as compared to only 27.5 million kgs. during 1950-51. The production of wool was anticipated to be 52.1 million kgs. during 2002-03 and is expected to increase to 53.6 million kgs, during 2003-04. 2.20.2 The production of major livestock products since 1950-51 to 2003-04 is given at Annexure-V.

2.21

Fish Production

2.21.1 There has been significant growth in fish production in the country in the recent years. India is now the fourth largest producer of fish in the world, and second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. During the year 2002-03, the total fish production was 62.00 lakh tonnes comprising 29.90 lakh tonnes of marine fish and 32.10 lakh tonnes of inland fish. The fish seed production was 16,333 million fry during the same year. It is expected that the fish production during 2003-04 will be around 62.50 lakh tonnes. 2.22 Export Potential of Marine Products

2.22.1 There has been steady growth in the export of fish products. During 2001-02, the country exported 4.58 lakh tonnes of marine products, which resulted in export earning of Rs. 5815.00 crores. Efforts are being made to boost the export potential through diversification of products for export. The country has now also started export of frozen squid, cuttle fish and variety of other finfishes. During 200203, the country has exported 5.21 lakh tonnes of marine products valued at Rs.6793.05 crores. 2.22.2 The State-wise details of Fish Production, Fish seed production, Marine Fisheries resources and Inland water resources are given at Annexure - VII, VIII, IX and X.

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CHAPTER 3
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 3.1 Animal Husbandry is a state subject and the State Governments are primarily responsible for the growth of the sector. The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying has, however, been operating 18 Central Livestock Organizations and allied Institutions for production and distribution of superior germ plasms to the State Governments for cross breeding and genetic upgradation of the stocks. Besides, the Department has been implementing 12 Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes for the development of requisite infrastructure and supplementing the efforts of the State Governments for achieving the accelerated growth of animal husbandry sector. The progress of the Central Livestock Organizations and the achievements of various schemes is given below: 3.2 Central Cattle Development Organizations

3.2.1 These organizations consist of 7 Central Cattle Breeding Farms, one Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute and 4 Central Herd Registration Units established in different regions of the country for seeking production of genetically superior breed of bull calves, good quality frozen semen and identification of location of superior germplasms of cattle and buffaloes, to meet the requirement of bulls and frozen semen doses in different parts of the country. 3.3 Central Cattle Breeding Farms (CCBF)

3.3.1 There are seven Central Cattle Breeding Farms (CCBFs) located at Alamadhi (Tamil Nadu), Andeshnagar (U.P), Chiplima, Sunabeda (Orissa), Dhamrod (Gujarat), Hesserghatta (Karnataka), and Suratgarh (Rajasthan). They are producing high pedigree bull calves of indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle and important buffalo breeds for distribution to States for use in the cattle and buffalo development programmes. The bull calves are produced from Tharparkar, Red Sindhi, Jersey, Holstein Friesian Crossbred cattle, Surti and Murrah buffalo breeds. The Farm at Andeshnagar and Chiplima are producing HF x Tharparkar crossbred and Jersey x Red Sindhi crossbred bulls respectively. The farms located at Sunabeda, Suratgarh and Andeshnagar also have the facilities for production of frozen semen. 3.3.2 The Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Alamadhi has been assisted with associated herd progeny testing programme of Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hissar. The buffaloes available at the farm used for test mating of Murrah bulls and semen of proven/high pedigree bulls is used for further genetic improvement. 3.3.3 Since inception, the farms have produced 13,382 bull calves and distributed 4786 high pedigree bulls to different States for meeting the requirement of their cattle and buffalo breeding programmes. During 2003-04, the farms have produced 307 bull calves against the target of 275 bulls.

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3.4 Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Hessarghatta 3.4.1 This is a premier institute located at Hesserghatta (Karnataka) producing frozen semen doses of indigenous, exotic crossbred and Murrah bulls for use in Artificial Insemination (AI). The institute also provides training in frozen semen technology to technical officers of the State Governments and act as a Centre for testing the indigenously manufactured frozen semen and AI equipments. The Institute has acquired proficiency in Embryo Transfer Technology sponsored by the Department of Biotechnology from 1987-88 to 1991-92. The Institute has started conducting the following four training programmes from the current financial year. Frozen Semen Processing Technology (3 weeks) Management of Field AI Programme & Infertility (2 weeks) Laboratory Techniques for Evaluation and Quality Control of Frozen Semen (2 weeks) Andrological Aspects of Bull Breeding Soundness (3 weeks)

3.4.2 Since inception the Institute has produced 14.91 million doses of frozen semen and distributed 13.74 million doses for different cattle and buffalo breeding programmes of the country. The Institute has also trained 2547 Veterinary Officers. During 2003-2004, the Insitute produced 10.81 lakh doses of frozen semen against the target of 7.00 lakh doses.

3.5

Central Herd Registration Units (CHRUs)

3.5.1 The Department is implementing a Central Herd Registration Scheme for registration of elite cows and buffaloes of national importance breeds and awarding incentive for rearing of elite cows and male calves. It plays a vital role in sourcing indigenous germ plasm required for National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding. The following activities are undertaken under the scheme: 1. Identification and location of superior germ plasm 2. Using this data for producing superior germ plasm. 3. Preservation of indigenous germ plasm. 4. Milk recording of Cattle and Buffaloes for improving Dairy Industry. 3.5.2 This scheme has a significant role in assisting the Departments of Animal Husbandry of States& UTs, private sectors and Government undertakings in procuring elite dairy cows and buffaloes as well as bulls and progeny of high genetic potential for use in the development programme. 3.5.3 Total 92 Milk Recording Centres located in the States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are functioning under the 4 CHRS Units i.e. Rohtak, Ahmedabad, Ajmer and Ongole for recording the milk of indigenous breeds of Gir, Kankrej, Hariana, Ongole of Cattle and Murrah, Jaffrabadi, Surti and Mehsani breeds of buffalo for their confirmation of
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Pheno-typing breed characteristic and milk production level. These are identified in their breeding tracts and publicity is made for marketing of registered cows and buffaloes and their calves. 3.5.4 The primary registration of 10,341 cows and buffaloes is made during 2003-2004 against the target of 11,040. A seminar on field performance recording and field visits were organized during 2003-04. 3.6 National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding

3.6.1 Genetic improvement is a long term activity and Government of India has initiated a major programme National Project for Cattle and buffalo Breeding (NPCBB) from October, 2000, in two phases each of five years, with an allocation of Rs.402 crores for the first phase. This envisages genetic upgradation on priority basis by reorganization and reorientation of the cattle and buffalo breeding operations in the country. The Project provides 100% grant-in-aid to the State Implementing Agencies. The Major objectives of the Project are: (i) to arrange delivery of vastly improved artificial insemination service at the farmers doorstep (ii) to progressively bring under organised breeding through artificial insemination or natural service by high quality bulls, all breedable females among cattle and buffalo within a period of 10 years (iii) to undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds so as to improve their genetic qualities as well as their availability, and (iv) to provide quality breeding inputs in breeding tracts of important indigenous breeds so as to prevent the breeds from deterioration and extinction. 3.6.2 The Project components specially designed to address the existing inadequacies will focus on the natural mating system as well as the A.I. network with particular attention to: (a) streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk transport and storage systems for the same (b) introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit through Field Performance Recording, Progeny Testing, Embryo Testing Technology. (c) promotion of private mobile A.I. service for doorstep delivery (d) conversion of existing stationery Government A.I. centers into mobile AI centers (e) quality control of bulls, Frozen Semen and services at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions (f) study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of A.I. and (g) institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing Agency.

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3.6.3 Presently, 24 States are participating in the Project and a sum of Rs.134.57 crores has been released to these States so far. The project has been provided a budgetary allocation of Rs.48.00 crores during 2003-2004 and a sum of Rs. 35.95 crores have been released to 15 States for creation of 5457 mobile AIC, Strengthening/Establishment of 5 Sperm Station, Strengthening/Establishment of 31 Frozen Semen Bank and Strengthening/Establishment of 17 Training Centre. Under the Project, four National Seminars and one Regional Seminar on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding were also organised in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Nagaland, respectively. 3.7 Poultry Development

3.7.1 Poultry Development has taken a quantum leap in the last three decades emerging from a near backyard practice to a venture of industrial promotion. India is on the world map as one of the leading egg producing countries with about 37 billion eggs produced per annum. The broiler production has also sky rocketed at an annual growth rate of about 15% and stands at about 1000 million broiler at present. 3.7.2 After the initial boost given by the Central Poultry Breeding Farm to promote poultry farming on commercial lines in the country the poultry sector has flourished and now about 70% of the production management and marketing is under a highly organized sector. The rest 30% of the unorganized sector whose contribution needs to be strengthened is now being focused upon by promoting backyard poultry. 3.7.3 Apart from taking important policy decisions and providing infrastructure support, the department is now planning to diversify its activities by stepping up production of Turkey, Quail, Guineas fowl etc. 3.8 Central Poultry Development Organisations (Regional Directorate on Poultry Development) 3.8.1 Twelve Poultry Units working under this Deptt. have been restructured by clubbing the Units of respective regions and named as Central poultry Development Organizations, so as to converge the poultry development activities in a single window system. These organizations are now operating to meet the following requirements of their respective region. i) Making available quality chicks: At these centers, identified low-input technology poultry stocks will be multiplied and mostly supplied to all States of the region as well as any other State(s) as & when required, for their rural poultry development programs. These organizations as and when required will procure breeding stock of low input technology developed by ICAR, Agriculture Universities, private sectors, NGOs etc. and will also explore the possibility of importing such germplasm developed abroad. The industrial type of birds will be phased out completely. ii) Diversification program: So far poultry development has been concentrated on only one species i.e. chicken. This department has identified diversification of this

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program as a thrust area and as such the other species such as Duck and Turkey (Southern region), Japanese Quail (Northern and Western region) and Guinea fowl and Duck (Eastern region) will be suitably strengthened. Since these diversification programs on large scale will be taken up for the first time in the country, training in the breeding and management of Turkey, Guinea fowl, Duck and Japanese Quail etc. woud be taken from countries which have developed good stock and their management practices are suited for the Indian system of rearing. If necessary these stocks may also be imported to develop a broad base germplasm. iii) Strengthening of Feed quality monitoring wing: The feed laboratories are concentrating their activities in the following areas: a. b. c. analytical

Analysis of various feed/feed ingredients; To develop least cost feed formulation based on locally available ingredients; To work as a referral lab for assessing the residual effects of various toxic substances in poultry feed including poultry products.

iv) Training Program: The training programme will be suitably tailor made at all the regional Centres to meet the requirement of trainers, farmers, women beneficiaries, various public and private sector poultry organizations, NGOs, Banks, Cooperatives and foreign trainees etc. v) Adoption of village: Each Directorate will adopt 5 to 10 villages in their region by extending extension services to make it a model poultry village, which will serve as a Demonstration centre. vi) Random Sample Tests: Under this the Random Poultry Performance Testing Center located at Gurgaon, Haryana is being strengthened to convert the center to National level standards providing all modern facilities in the areas of housing, feeding, watering so as to enable the department to test regularly the various stocks available in the country as well as imported from outside India by various poultry industrial sectors so as to assess the performance of those stocks in India and also the center will be helpful for monitoring the disease status. 3.8.2 The physical target and achievement for some of the important item are indicated below: Item/unit Parent chicks to be supplied (in thousand) Production of Ducklings in thousands Feed sample to be analyzed ( in nos.) No. of persons to be trained Commercial chicks supplied (no. in thousands) Chicken hatching egg sold(no. in 2002-03 Target Achievement 70 100 2000 500 800 300
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2003-04 Target Achievement 70 100 4000 1000 800 300 61 99 4059 1027 692 394

64 58 4300 618 712 291

thousands) Duck hatching eggs sold (no. in 75 thousands) J.quail/g.fowl/turkey 100 (no. in thousands) No. of Random Sample Tests to 1 be conducted 2 3.9 Farms 3.9.1

85 151 1 1

75 190 1 2

77 206 1 2

Centrally Sponsored Scheme Assistance To State Poultry/ Duck

The scheme is being implemented in all the States and UTs. The pattern of assistance is 100% in the case of North Eastern States including Sikkim whereas it is 80:20 in respect of other States between center and State respectively at the rate of maximum Rs. 85.00 lakhs for each farm. In the existing premises of the State farms poultry guinea fowl, quail, turkey can also be taken up as a new activity. The scheme also applies to the farms of the State Governments farms running in collaboration with cooperatives/private sector/NGOs etc. One time assistance is provided to strengthen them in terms of hatching, brooding and rearing of the birds with provision for feed mill and their quality monitoring and in-house disease diagnostic facilities. These farms maintain the parent stock of low input technology birds duly identified by this department in consultation with ICAR and State Government. A provision has been made in the scheme for revolving fund for purchase of replacement breeding stock, feed ingredients, transportation, medicines and vaccines etc. The amount so spent has to be recouped from the sale proceeds of eggs, chicks and culled birds etc. and may be used for the farm year after year making it a financially self-sufficient unit. Under this scheme Rs.10.66 crores during 2002-03 and Rs.5.48 crores during 2003-04 have been sanctioned and released to the State Governments.

3.9.2 Under the scheme instructions have been issued to all the States and UTs to select women groups as the beneficiaries for distribution of day old poultry birds of low input technology. 3.10 Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hissar (Haryana)

3.10.1 The Farm was established during the Fourth Five Year Plan for producing and disseminating acclimatized stud rams to various State Sheep Farms for cross-breeding programmes and genetic stock up gradation. The farm also runs training courses in mechanical sheep shearing, grading of wool and maintenance of sheep shearing machines. The farm has supplied a total of 3725 exotic and crossbred rams and 74 ewes to beneficiaries through the State Governments during Ninth Five Year Plan. As against the target of production 750 rams during 2002-03 it has supplied 1023 rams. Against the target supply of 750 rams during 2003-04, the Farm has supplied 510 rams and 50 ewes.

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3.11

Conservation of Threatened Livestock Breeds (New)

3.11.1 A new Centrally Sponsored Scheme Conservation of threatened livestock breeds of small ruminants, pack animals and equine to conserve and protect threatened breeds of livestock, has been initiated during 10th Plan. Under the scheme, assistance is provided to the States for the conservation of sheep, goat, pigs, camels, yak, horse, donkey and ponies. The grant is given through the State Government to the State Government farms / State Government Undertakings / Boards / Federations / Government Institutes like ICAR, etc. / NGOs / Self-help Groups / farmers / breeders / professional scientists of repute involved in conservation work. 3.11.2 There is a budget provision of Rs.1500 lakhs for Tenth Five Year Plan and Rs 296 lakhs was released to the States during 2002-03. The assistance has been provided to Karnataka (Rs.63.80 lakhs), Gujarat (Rs.11.50 lakhs), Punjab (Rs.6.70 lakhs), Rajasthan (Rs.42.00 lakhs) and Tripura (Rs.171.50 lakhs) during 2002-03. The budgetary provision for 2003-04 has been kept again at Rs 50 lakhs and the whole amount has been released to the State of Mizoram. 3.12 Meat and Meat Products

3.12.1 Country is endowed with more than 11 per cent of the World livestock population comprising variety of meat animals such as buffaloes, goat, sheep, pigs, cattle, and poultry. Effective utilization of livestock resources is essential for sustainable animal production. The per capita animal protein availability is about 10 g as against the World average of 25 g. Considering the targeted minimum requirement of 20g per capita per day for animal protein, 4 g will come from meat remaining 16 g from other livestock products. The estimated demand of meat for the present population would be 7.7 million tones as against the present production of 5.7 million tones. Therefore significant gap exists between the demand and supply of meat and meat products. 3.12.2 Various un-productive categories of livestock are slaughtered for their effective utilization for production of meat. There is an urgent need to provide safe and wholesome meat, gainfully utilize animal by-products and prevent bird-`hit menace to aircrafts, prevent environmental pollution and to provide humane treatment to animals. Keeping these objectives in view, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme Assistance to States for improvement/modernization of slaughter houses and establishment of carcass utilization centers was being implemented with effect from 8th Five Year Plan. 3.12.3 Under the component Establishment of Carcass Utilization Centers, 100% central assistance was provided for building, plants and machinery and effluent treatment and 50% for water, electricity and land development etc. for establishing carcass utilization centers. 3.12.4 During the period under report, grants were released to the states of Tamilnadu Rs.47.49 lacs and Chattishgarh Rs.150.00 lacs for establishment of Carcass Utilisation centers at Namakkal and Raipur, respectively. 3.13 Feed and Fodder Development

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3.13.1 The nutritive value of feed and fodder has a significant bearing on productivity of livestock. Due to increasing pressure on land for growing food grains, oil seeds and pulses adequate attention has not been given to the production of fodder crops. Further, on account of diversified use of agriculture residues, the gap between the demand and supply of fodder is increasing. According to the report of Working Group on Animal Husbandry and Dairying for 10th Five Year Plan of Planning Commission, the available fodder can meet the demand of only 46.7 per cent of livestock. Frequent droughts in several States have also brought out the need to develop fodder banks in vulnerable areas and strategies for improving the efficiencies of fodder supplies from one region to the other region of the country. The Department has two schemes viz. Central Fodder Development Organization and the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Assistance to States for Feed and Fodder Development. A new centrally sponsored scheme on fodder development is also under consideration. 3.14 Central Fodder Development Organization

3.14.1 Under this scheme, 7 Regional Stations for Forage Production & Demonstration located in different agro-climatic zones of the country and 1 Central Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hessarghatta, Bangalore are being operated. Besides this, Central Minikit Testing Programme on Fodder Crops is being funded under this scheme. The details are as under: A. Regional Stations for Forage Production and Demonstration and Central Fodder Seed Production Farm 3.14.2 For production and propagation of certified seeds of high yielding varieties of fodder crops and pasture grasses/legumes, the Government has established 7 Regional Stations at Mamidipally, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), Gandhi Nagar (Gujarat), Hissar (Haryana), Suratgarh (Rajasthan), Sahema (Jammu & Kashmir), Alamadhi (Tamil Nadu) and Kalyani (West Bengal) and 1 Central Fodder Seed Production Farm at Hessarghatta. These station are catering to requirements of the farmers of different agro-climatic regions. These Stations also carry out extension activities through field demonstrations and farmers fairs / field days. During the current year, these Stations have produced 209 tonnes of fodder seeds, conducted 2152 demonstrations, organized 25 training programmes and 28 farmers fairs / field days. B. 3.14.5 Central Minikit Demonstrations Minikit demonstrations on fodder crops aim at making farmers aware through field demonstrations about latest high yielding varieties of fodder crops and improved agronomic package of practices to increase production of green fodder. Certified seeds of high yielding fodder crops/grasses/legumes produced at Regional Stations and Central Farm, Hesserghatta, are used under this scheme. Fodder kits are allotted for onward distribution to the farmers free of cost. During 2003-04, 3.88 lakh minikits have been distributed.

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3.15

Assistance to States for Feed and Fodder Development.

3.15.1 This is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which central assistance was being provided to States to supplement their efforts in feed and fodder development sector. This scheme has been discontinued after 9th Plan. However, two components of this scheme; i) establishment of fodder banks and ii) enrichment of straw/cellulosic waste have been revived up to March2004 to facilitate the States to combat the drought situation. A. Establishment of Fodder Banks. 3.15.2 Under this scheme, assistance is provided to the State Governments for establishment of fodder banks to preserve fodder for use during drought and scarcity period. Large areas in many States are used for growing grass, which could be preserved in the fodder banks. During 2003-04, Rs.76.98 lakhs have been provided with the funding pattern of 75:225 (Central:State) for establishing 2 fodder banks, in Tripura and Mizoram respectively. B. Enrichment of Straw and Cellulosic Wastes.

3.15.3 Under this scheme assistance is given to the farmers to enrich the quality of straw used for livestock, by treatment with urea and molasses. This help in increasing productivity and reducing the cost of milk production. Funding pattern for this component is 100% on central grant basis. During 2003-04, Rs.123.015 lakhs have been provided to the State Governments of Maharashtra (Rs.8.44 lakhs, Tripura (Rs,20.00 lakhs), Himachal Pradesh (Rs.2.00 lakhs), Rajasthan (Rs.40.00 lakhs), Karnataka (Rs. 25.00 lakhs) and Nagaland (Rs.27.57 lakhs). 3.16 Livestock Health
A network of 26,717

Polyclinics / Hospitals / 3.16.1 With the improvement in the quality Dispensaries and 28,195 of livestock through launching of extensive cross Veterinary aid centers supported by about 250 disease diagnostic breeding programmes, the susceptibility of these laboratories functioning in the stocks to various diseases including exotic States and Union Territories. diseases has increased. In order to reduce Four Quarantine morbidity and mortality, efforts are being made Stations one each at New Delhi, by the State / Union Territory Governments to Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata are provide better health care through polyclinics / operating in the country. veterinary hospitals / dispensaries / first-aid The Drugs Controller Centres including mobile veterinary dispensaries. General of India regulates the A net work of 26,717 Polyclinics / Hospitals / quality of veterinary drugs and Dispensaries and 28,195 Veterinary aid centers biologicals in consultation with this Department. (including Stockmen Centres / mobile dispensaries), supported by about 250 disease Chaudhary Charan diagnostic laboratories, are functioning in the Singh Institute of Veterinary Health at Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh States and Union Territories for quick and is being established. reliable diagnosis of diseases. Further, for control of major livestock and poultry diseases by way of prophylactic vaccination, the required quantity of vaccines are produced in the country at 26 veterinary vaccine production units. Of these, 19 are in the public sector and 7 are in private sector. Import of vaccines by

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private agencies is also permitted as and when required. The State-wise details of veterinary institutions are given at Annexure-XI. 3.16.2 While efforts are made to ensure better livestock health in the country, efforts are also made to prevent ingress of diseases from outside the country, and maintaining of standards of veterinary drugs and formulations. A. Animal Quarantine and Certification Service 3.16.3 The objective of this service is to prevent ingress of livestock diseases by regulating the import of livestock and livestock related products, and providing export certification of International Standards for livestock and livestock products, which are exported from India. Four Quarantine Stations are based at New Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata, which include a small laboratory. The details of Livestock and Livestock Products screened by these Quarantine Stations during 2003-04 are given at Annexure-XII B. National Veterinary Biological Products Quality Control Centre

3.16.4 At present the Indian Veterinary Research Institute has been assisting in the task of monitoring the quality of vaccines and biologicals. But in order to obtain better monitoring of the quality, it is essential to establish a separate Institute. For this purpose, it has been decided to set up Chaudhary Charan Singh Institute of Veterinary Health at Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh for which the land has been acquired and construction work is under progress. C. Strengthening Laboratories of Central / Regional Disease Diagnostic

3.16.5 In order to provide referral services over and above the existing disease diagnostic laboratories in the States, one Central and four Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories have been set up by strengthening the existing facilities. The Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis (CADRAD) of Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar is functioning as Central Laboratory. The Disease Investigation Laboratory, Pune, Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Kolkata, Institute of Animal Health & Biologicals, Bangalore and Animal Health Institute, Jallandhar are functioning as referral laboratories for Western, North-East & Eastern, Southern and Northern region, respectively. 3.17 Livestock Health & Disease Control

3.17.1 Under the Macro Management 10th Plan Centrally Sponsored Scheme Livestock Health and Disease Control the Government of India is implementing disease control activities by amalgamating 9th Plan schemes with some modifications. The scheme has the following components: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD) National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE) Professional Efficiency Development (PED) Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP)-New component.

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A.

Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD)

3.17.2 Under this component, assistance is provided to State / Union Territory Governments for control of economically important diseases of livestock and poultry by way of immunization, strengthening of existing State Veterinary Biological Production Units, strengthening of existing Disease Diagnostic Laboratories and inservice training to Veterinarians and Para-veterinarians. Besides this the programme envisaged collection of information on the incidence of various livestock and poultry diseases from States and Union Territories and compiling the same for the whole country. The information so compiled is disseminated in the form of Monthly Animal Disease Surveillance Bulletin to all the States and Union Territories and also Organisations like Office International Des Epizooties (OIE), Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and Pacific (APHCA), etc. This information system has been harmonized in accordance with the guidelines of OIE. The State Governments were advised to publish their disease reports in local languages as well, for better dissemination of information to all concerned. Most of the States are publishing the reports in local languages also. Incidence of Livestock and Poultry diseases in India during the year 2003 is at Annexure-XIII. B. Professional Efficiency Development

3.17.3 The Professional Efficiency Development programme is being continued as one of the components of the main scheme Livestock Health & Disease Control during the 10th Five Year Plan, with a view to regulate veterinary practices and to maintain register of the veterinary practitioners. The programme envisages establishment of Veterinary Council of India at Centre and State Veterinary Councils at state level in those States / Union Territories which have adopted the Indian Veterinary Council Act, 1984. C. National Project Rinderpest Eradication (N.P.R.E) on
The whole country is at present provisionally free from rinderpest. Sero Surveillance work initiated in randomly selected 1162 villages in country to generate information for preparing dossier for OIE to attain final stage Freedom from Rinderpest Infection. Vaccine against PPR, a dreaded disease of sheep and goat developed at TANUVAS, Chennai. Rinderpest C-ELISA kit developed by IVRI, Mukteshwar through NPRE funding. Eradication programme for Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) initiated in 8 districts of Assam by NPRE in 20012002.

3.17.4 This centrally sponsored scheme is being implemented throughout the country since May, 1992 and is being continued as one of the components of the Livestock Health and Disease Control during 10th Plan. The earmarked outlay of the scheme for the 10th Plan is Rs.40 crores and the BE for 2003-04 is Rs.7 crores. The main objective of the scheme is to eradicate Rinderpest and Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) by strengthening the veterinary services and to obtain freedom from Rinderpest & CBPP infection following the pathway prescribed by Office International des Epizooties (OIE), Paris.

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3.17.5 The successful implementation of this scheme will yield major economic benefits to owners of livestock, particularly small, marginal farmers and landless labourers. Besides, the scheme is expected to give a boost to export of meat and other livestock products and expenditure on livestock health care programmes would substantially be reduced due to eradication of rinderpest and CBPP from the country. Project Frame of NPRE 3.17.6 The Project is being implemented with the participation of Departments of Animal Husbandry of the States & Union Territories, ICAR Research Institutes etc. The Project is being monitored by a Central Project Monitoring Unit (CPMU) with similar monitoring units established at the state level. The technical programme of the project frame is as per the OIE pathway stipulation. Funds are released to the States/UTs on 100% funding pattern for carrying out the NPRE activities. Physical Achievements 3.17.7 The salient achievements of the project are as under: The first stage of Provisional freedom from Rinderpest disease for the whole country was achieved with effect from 1st March, 1998.

The second stage of Freedom from Rinderpest disease for the country with zones has been approved by OIE on 12.03.2004

For attaining the third and final stage of Freedom from Rinderpest Infection, the sero surveillance work has been started in randomly selected 1162 villages across the country. 1st Phase (1.11.01 to 30.10.02) and IInd phase (1.11.02 to 31.10.03) have been completed. IIIrd phase has been taken up w.e.f. 1.11.03 and after its completion on 31.10.04, the dossier shall be submitted to OIE to seek the final stage Freedom from Rinderpest Infection.

Eradication programme for Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) which is also the mandate of NPRE, has been initiated in 8 districts of Assam. Clinical surveillance and sero surveillance for this programme is underway in these districts. Provisional freedom from CBPP has been declared in October, 2003. National Animal Disease Emergency Committee (NADEC) and National Emergency Task Force (NETF) have been set up to tackle any situation arising due to re-emergence of foci of Rinderpest or any other exotic disease. State Animal Disease Emergency Committees (SADEC) are being constituted in the States on the same lines. 3.17.8 Current Programme status

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As the country has been declared as Free from Rinderpest Disease, the physical surveillance through village, stock route & institutional searches to detect any hidden cases of rinderpest is being undertaken throughout the country with the help of the staff of Animal Husbandry department of the States & UTs. A strategic reserve of 2.5 million doses of Rinderpest Vaccine is being maintained at 6 Vaccine Banks across the country to meet any eventuality arising due to re-emergence of Rinderpest. A homologous PPR vaccine has been developed in the country. Six State Biological Production Units have been identified to undertake vaccine production. Animal Disease Information System is being put in place wherein all the Directorates of Animal Husbandry in States/UTs of the country shall be linked with Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India through RF /Dial up facility for transmission of disease information. D. Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme (New)

3.17.9 Under macro-management approach, a new component Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme is being implemented in 54 specified districts in the country to control the Foot and Mouth Disease as Fourth component with 100% funding which includes the cost of vaccine and supporting expenses. However the State Governments are providing manpower and infrastructure and logistic support. About 250 lakhs vaccinations has been carried out under this programme during the year 2003-2004. 3.18 Animal Husbandry Statistics

3.18.1 The Animal Husbandry Statistics Unit of the Department is responsible for maintaining database for animal husbandry, dairying and fishery activities. It coordinates data collection concerning production of major livestock products i.e. milk, egg, wool and meat and other livestock statistics through interaction with State Governments and other Central departments/organizations concerned with development of the Livestock Sector. Livestock products are estimated on the basis of sample surveys being conducted throughout the year under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme Integrated Sample Survey for the Estimation of major Livestock Products. All the States and Union Territories are implementing the scheme. Besides production estimates, other related data like feed and fodder consumption by animals, utilization of milk, eggs and utilization of dung etc., are also collected and compiled. Under this scheme, financial assistance is provided on 50:50 basis to the State Governments and 100% assistance to Union Territories for conducting the surveys. The estimates of livestock production are worked out on seasonal basis, which are published in the consolidated annual report of the sample survey prepared by the States/UTs. 3.18.2 In order to streamline animal husbandry statistics, identify shortcomings and to suggest suitable methodology for estimation of production, an Expert Committee namely Technical Committee for Direction for Improvement of

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Animal Husbandry & Dairying Statistics has been constituted. This Committee also reviews progress of implementation of the scheme of Integrated Sample Survey for the estimation of major livestock products and approves estimates of production of milk, egg, wool and meat. The "Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics publication contains important data relating to livestock and other related activities. 3.18.3 During the Tenth Plan two new components have been added to the scheme- one to provide Information Technology solutions for the data analysis work relating to the sample survey and other is to conduct special studies to fill the gaps in the animal husbandry statistics. Under the IT solutions, The states of NE region and the UTs will be provided 100% grant and the rest states will be provided 50:50 grant. 3.19 Livestock Census

3.19.1 The livestock population of different species is worked out on the basis of livestock census, which is conducted quinquennially. Till the 16th Livestock census, conducted in 1997, the Directorate of Economics and Statistics in the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture was coordinating the scheme. But during the 17th census the work has been transferred to Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying. The ultimate responsibility to conduct the 17 th Livestock census is on the Director of Animal Husbandry in the States/UTs. 3.19.2 A conference was organized in the month of May, 2003 for all Directors of Animal Husbandry of the States/UTs and the manual for instructions to conduct the 17th Livestock census was finalized. National level seminars, State/district level training programmes have been conducted before the actual census work. Owing to the measures taken by the Department, the 17th Livestock census has been conducted by all the States/UTs and that too within a very short period of time. All India provisional census details are planned to be released by July, 2004.

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CHAPTER 4
DAIRY DEVELOPMENT 4.1 The Indian Dairy Industry acquired substantial growth from 8th Plan onwards, achieving an annual output of over 69 million tonnes of milk. Indias milk output during the year 2001-2002 was estimated to be 84.6 million tonnes and is expected to reach the level of 88.0 million tonnes during 2002-03. This has not only placed the industry first in the world, but also represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for the burgeoning population of the country. Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural families and has assumed the most important role in providing employment and income. The per capita availability of the milk has also increased to a level of about 226g. per day, but this is still very low as compared to developed nations or the world average of 285 g per day. Government of India is making efforts to increase the productivity of milch animals and thus increase the per capita availability of milk. 4.2 The efforts of the Department in the dairy sector are concentrated on promotion of dairy activities in non-operation flood areas with emphasis on building up cooperative infrastructure, revitalisation of sick dairy cooperative federations and creation of infrastructure in the States for testing the quality of milk and milk products. For pursuing these objectives, the Department has implemented 3 Schemes in the dairy sector during 2003-04. Besides this, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) continues its activities for the overall development of Dairy Sector in Operation Flood areas. 4.3 Integrated Dairy Development Project (IDDP) in Non-Operation Flood, Hilly and Backward Areas 4.3.1 An Integrated Dairy Development Programme in Non-Operation Flood, Hilly and Backward areas was launched during the 8th Plan. The scheme was continued during the 9th Plan and is being continued during 10th Plan with a total outlay of Rs.175 crores as a Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme. It is being implemented on 100% grants in aid basis to the State Government. The main objectives of the scheme are as under: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) Development of milch cattle; Increase the milk production by providing technical inputs services; Procurement, Processing and Marketing of milk in a cost effective manner; Ensure remunerative prices to the milk producers;. Generate additional employment opportunities; Improve social, nutritional and economic status of residents of comparatively more disadvantaged areas. 4.3.2 Since inception of the scheme, 53 projects with the total outlay of Rs.292.19 crores have been sanctioned covering 149 districts of 23 States and one U.T. The scheme has benefited about 6.50 lakh(Provisional) farm families organised into about 10,275 Village level Dairy Cooperative Societies which are producing about 5.23 lakh litres of milk per day upto 31st December, 2003.

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4.3.3 A total sum of Rs.209.12 crores have been released to the states Governments/UTs for implementation of approved projects upto 31st March 2004. 4.4 Assistance to Cooperatives

4.4.1 The scheme of Assistance to Cooperatives aims at revitalizing the sick dairy cooperative unions at the district level and cooperative federations at the State level. 4.4.2 The Department has so far approved 24 rehabilitation proposals of milk unions in Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Assam, Nagaland, Punjab, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, with a total outlay of Rs. 145.62 crores. The scheme is being implemented on 50:50 sharing basis between Government of India and concerned State Governments. Out of 50% Government of Indias share of Rs. 72.81 crores, an amount of Rs. 54.36 crores has released upto 31st March, 2004. 4.4.3 So far, NDDB has identified tentatively 44 rehabilitation plan for assistance under the scheme. Each rehabilitation plan is to be implemented within a period of 7 years from the date of its approval. The committed liabilities of most of the rehabilitation plan is likely to be completed within the 10th five year plan period, however in some cases committed liability of some of rehabilitation plans may continue during the 11th five year plan. 4.5 Milk And Milk Product Order1992

4.5.1 The Govt. of India had promulgated the Milk and Milk Product Order (MMPO) 1992 on 9.06.1992 under the provisions of Essential Commodities Act, 1955 consequent to de-licencing of the Dairy sector in 1991. As per the provisions of this order, any person/dairy plant handling more than 10,000 liters per day of milk or 500 MT of milk solids per annum needs to be registered with the registering authority appointed by the Central Government. The main objective of the order is to maintain and increase the supply of liquid milk of desired quality in the interests of the general public and also for regulating the production, processing and distribution of milk and milk Products. 4.5.2 For faster pace of growth in the Dairy sector, Govt. of India has amended Milk and Milk Product Order 1992 from time to time in order to make it more liberal and oriented to facilitate the dairy entrepreneurs. During March 2002, Govt. of India decided to remove restrictions on setting up of new capacity and to do away with the concept of milkshed while noting that the requirement of registration is for enforcing the prescribed standards of quality and food safety. Accordingly, Govt. of India notified the amendment proposals in the official gazette on 26th March 2002. The salient features of the new amendments are as follows: The provision of assigning milkshed has been done away with. The registrations under MMPO-92 will now cover sanitary, hygienic condition, quality and food safety,aspects. The provision of inspection of dairy plant has been made flexible.

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days.

The provision to grant registration in 90 days has been reduced to 45 The power of registration of State registering Authority has been raised from 1.00 LLPD to 2.00 LLPD.

4.5.3 The Central and the State Registering Authorities altogether have so far registered 653 units with combined capacity of 690.02 lakh liters per day in Cooperative, Private and Government Sector as on 31.3.2004. 4.6 Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production

4.6.1 India ranks 1st in the world in milk production. However, quality standard prevalent today in milk production, milk collection and processing needs improvement. The microbiological quality of milk is poor due to lack of knowledge about clean milk production and lack of post milking chilling facilities in the villages. To compete in International market for export of milk and milk products, it has become necessary to produce the Indian dairy products of the international standards. Hence it has become necessary that immediate steps be taken for improving the quality of Indian milk products to boost up the export potential of milk and milk product to earn the valuable foreign exchange as well as to provide clean milk to domestic population for better health. 4.6.2 With this in mind, Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying has introduced a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely Strengthening infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production during 10th Plan with an outlay of Rs.30.00 Crores. The Scheme has the following objectives: Creation of necessary infrastructure for the production of quality milk and milk products at the farmers level up to the points of consumption. Improvement of milking procedure at the farmers level. Training and Strengthening of infrastructure to create mass awareness about importance of clean milk production.

4.6.3 The pattern of funding under the Scheme is on 100% Central share basis, for the following components:i. ii. iii. iv. v.
4.6.4

Training for clean milk production - all members of the society will be eligible for training. Detergent, antiseptic solutions, muslin cloth etc. Utensils and accessories for clean milk production. Strengthening of existing laboratory facilities. Planning and monitoring.

The pattern of funding for purchase of bulk coolers under the Scheme is in the ratio of 75: 25 between Government of India and the respective Dairy Co- operative Society/Union.

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4.7

Dairy/Poultry Venture Capital Fund New scheme yet to be approved

4.7.1 To bring about structural changes in the unorganized sector, the measures like processing at village level, process and market pasteurized milk in a cost effective manner, quality upgradation and upgradation of traditional technology to handle commercial scale using modern equipment and management skills, it is proposed to introduce the new scheme of Dairy Venture Capital Fund scheme under which assistance will be provided to the rural beneficiaries under a schematic proposal through bankable projects. There is an outlay of Rs.25.00 crore made during the 10 th Five Year Plan. 4.7.2 Similarly, a considerable segment in the poultry sector is also still unorganized and is spread over in the form of small farms in far-flung areas that still needs organized effort to exploit their potential. Training and Marketing also continues to be the weakest link in the facet of various poultry development programs. Due to these limitations poultry development particularly in the North Eastern States and Eastern States are still at very primitive stage. In order to boost these unattended sectors and also to give incentive and create infrastructure facilities for organised sector, it is felt necessary to create a Poultry venture capital fund for providing financial assistance, which will encourage new species of birds and low input technology for poultry farming among rural farmers. 4.8 Post Operation Flood and Consolidation of Cooperative Movement by NDDB 4.8.1 National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), an institution of national importance was set up by the Government of India to promote, plan and organize programmes for development of dairy and other agriculture based and allied industries along cooperative lines on an intensive and nationwide basis. 4.8.2 Operation Flood (OF), an integrated dairy development programme, completed its third phase on April 30, 1996. The main thrust of the programme was to consolidate the gains already achieved, and to strengthen the dairy cooperative structure for sustainable development of the dairy industry in India. 4.8.3 After the completion of Phase 3 of Operation Flood, a Programme Implementation Agreement (PIA) was signed between the EEC and the NDDB to strengthen cooperatives at the grassroot level. The Agreement was endorsed by the Government of India on August 21, 1997. Consequently, measures were initiated from September 1997 and are continuing during 2003-04. 4.8.4 Perspective Plan, 2010

4.8.4.1 NDDBs Perspective Plan 2010, developed in consultation with the 126 identified cooperative milk unions and covering four thrust areas strengthening the cooperative business, enhancing productivity, managing quality and building a national information network aims to professionalise the working of dairy cooperatives in the emerging liberalised business environment.

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4.8.4.2 During the current financial year, NDDB continued to provide financial support to the cooperative milk unions for implementation of their Perspective Plans. As on march 2004, under Phase I, NDDB approved the plans of cooperative milk unions with an investment outlay of Rs 883 crore. Out of this, NDDB has already released Rs 328 crore to these unions for various Perspective Plan activities. It is expected that an amount of over Rs 450 crore will stand disbursed under the Plans by the close of 2003-2004. 4.8.5 Strengthening the cooperatives

4.8.5.1 During the year NDDB provided need-based support to milk unions in strengthening dairy cooperative institutions, enhancing women involvement in dairy cooperatives and increasing milk procurement. NDDBs Institution Building Programme to strengthen dairy cooperatives in aspects like governance, management and economic viability, is being implemented in 76 cooperative milk unions across the country. NDDB also organised 12 training programmes during the year for milk union personnel to enable them to facilitate these village level Institution Building programmes. So far, about 300 union personnel have been trained. 4.8.5.2 Farmer Induction Programmes are also conducted to provide exposure to the producers in Anand pattern cooperative management, productivity and clean milk production practices. So far, 1598 farmers including 731 women have participated in 39 farmer induction programmes. 4.8.6 Productivity Enhancement

4.8.6.1 During the year, NDDB assisted dairy cooperatives to develop and deliver appropriate services in villages, in areas of animal breeding, nutrition and health-care, leading to improved productivity of dairy animals and an increase in farmers net income. 4.8.7 Animal Breeding

4.8.7.1 About 75 lakh frozen semen doses had been produced by the eight cooperative owned and two NDDB managed Semen Production Stations till November 2003. Under the artificial insemination programme, the cooperative milk unions covered about 28,500 villages and performed about 54.2 lakh inseminations using good quality genetic material. About 222 veterinarians from 26 milk unions were trained in a special programme designed to improve their skills in fertility management. 4.8.7.2 NDDB has initiated a project on buffalo genome in collaboration with the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad. The joint research would lead to a linkage map of the buffalo genome. The map will be used for Marker Assisted Selection of the buffalo for economic traits. 4.8.8 Animal Nutrition & feed technology

4.8.8.1 NDDB continued to provide advisory services to cooperative cattle feed plants to ensure the production of balanced cattle feed as per BIS specifications.
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The services included quality testing of raw materials and finished products, providing technical advice to cattle feed plants and training their personnel in plant operations, quality control aspects and least cost computerised feed formulation. 4.8.8.2 NDDB has standardised the technology and process to produce bypass protein meal. Efforts are on to set up bypass protein plants in different parts of the country for commercial production of bypass protein feed. 4.8.8.3 Extension activities are being undertaken by NDDB through its regional and state offices along with the field staff of dairy cooperative unions/federations to popularise the concept of ration balancing to reduce cost of milk production. Computer software to compute ration for dairy animals using locally available raw material resources is being developed by NDDB, for use at the village level. 4.8.9 Animal Health

4.8.9.1 NDDB endeavoured to reduce the incidence of enzootic and epizootic diseases in animals by facilitating the cooperative milk unions to implement measures like first aid, deworming and intensive vaccination against foot and mouth disease, haemorrhagic septicaemia, black quarter and anthrax. NDDB also facilitated the unions to undertake Mastitis Control Programmes and Brucellosis Control Programmes. The foot and mouth disease control project for the state of Kerala is in the final stage of planning and would be jointly implemented by the Government of Kerala and NDDB. 4.8.9.2 The experimental batches of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis vaccine developed by NDDB are undergoing trials. The existing vaccine, Brucella abortus S19, used for brucellosis control the world over has limitations of being applicable only to female calves and at times, leading to diagnostic ambiguity. Attempts are being made to develop a brucellosis vaccine by identifying and passaging rough mutant of Brucella abortus. 4.8.10 Managing Quality

4.8.10.1 For improving the quality of milk from dairy cooperative societies, initiatives were taken up at the village level in house keeping, sanitation and society management, besides bulk milk chilling interventions and rapid transportation of milk to dairy plants. Milk producers, DCS secretaries and management committee members as well as transporters were given orientation in clean milk production practices. 4.8.10.2 During the year about 7000 more village level cooperative societies were covered under the clean milk production programme, taking the cumulative total to 19,000. Besides, around 100 bulk milk coolers, 2215 automatic milk collection units and 2000 electronic fat testers were installed and commissioned at the village level cooperative societies. 4.8.10.3 Efforts to achieve plant efficiency through energy management programmes and bring about improvement in plant operations with focus on plant

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hygiene and sanitation continued during the year. So far, 70 dairy and cattle feed plants have obtained ISO certification, 54 dairy plants have HACCP and five have Environment Management certifications. Energy conservation activities have been undertaken in dairy plants of milk unions in Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab and Rajasthan to bring about savings in energy bills. 4.8.11 Building a National Information Network

4.8.11.1 During the year, the Internet based Dairy Information System was streamlined and made more user friendly to facilitate unions to upload data in the system at a faster pace. 4.8.11.2 NDDB has prepared a uniform village specific database covering 55 milksheds, 84 districts, over 70,000 villages and 140 lakh households in the 10 states that were included under a special project for village enumeration. After analysis of this database, a synthesis report was prepared highlighting important parameters like milk production, consumption, surplus availability, ownership equity of milch animal population and classification of villages according to production and disposition of surplus. 4.8.12 DGIS Orientation & Implementation

4.8.12.1 Dairy Geographical Implementation System (DGIS) was implemented in seven cooperative milk unions: Bhagirathi, West Bengal; Moradabad and Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh; Bhilwara, Rajasthan; Nalgonda, Andhra Pradesh; Shimoga and Bangalore, Karnataka. This included the complex tasks of digitising the location of the village procurement societies, chilling centres/dairy plants as well as milk procurement routes in the milksheds. The village enumeration data was also integrated into the system. Further, training was given to union staff in analysis of monthly milk procurement data of unions obtained through the DGIS. 4.8.13 Projects

4.8.13.1 NDDB continued to provide technical assistance to various cooperative milk unions across the country to add new processing infrastructure as well as expand and upgrade the existing facilities on turnkey or consultancy basis. 4.8.13.2 Till December 2003, nine turnkey projects and two consultancy projects were completed. Notable among them were expansion of Kolar Dairy from 200 to 250 tlpd capacity, expansion of Manipal Dairy from 20 to 50 tlpd capacity, a new dairy of 100 tlpd capacity at Islampur for Walwa Union and 16 combined (milk and fruit & vegetable) shops for Mother Dairy Fruit & Vegetable Ltd, Delhi. 4.8.14 Product Development

4.8.14.1 During the year, work was initiated to standardise the processing parameters of indigenous products: palada payasam and makhana kheer. Technology for long life paneer was transferred to the Jaipur Milk Union, Rajasthan. New varieties of ice creams in cup, stick, cone and extruded form were standardised and launched in the Delhi market through Mother Dairy, Delhi. The
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formulation and processing parameters for manufacture of natural fruit based milk drink were also standardised. 4.8.14.2 NDDBs collaborative research efforts with the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur for development of mechanised chhana and sandesh production lines; with the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai for rasogolla manufacture line and with the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal for making starter cultures and bio preservatives continued during the year. 4.8.14.3 NDDB has also designed a medium size, handy and low cost milk adulteration detection kit suitable for use at village level milk collection centres for detection of five most commonly used adulterants in milk: urea, starch, neutralisers, sugar and salt. 4.8.15 Marketing Support

4.8.15.1 NDDBs milk drop campaign for creation of an umbrella identity for associated cooperative milk brands was further strengthened and extended to new unions and dairies during the year. As many as 74 cooperative milk unions and dairies in 16 states and one union territory are part of the campaign. With 18 major cooperative brands under its fold, the campaign now covers around 53 per cent of the liquid milk sales by cooperatives. 4.8.15.2 During the year, an assistance of Rs 7.5 crore was given to milk unions for milk drop and brand building activities. Technical support was provided to dairy cooperatives to upgrade their marketing systems and equip them to meet the challenges of growing competition. 4.8.16 Dairy Cooperative Societies: Organisation and Membership

4.8.16.1 By September 2003, about 1,05,245 (cumulative) dairy cooperative societies were organised with about 116.2 lakh (cumulative) farmer members. 4.8.17 Milk Procurement and Marketing

4.8.17.1 The average milk procurement during April-October 2003 was 155.95 lakh kg per day. During 2003-04 (April-October), an average of about 149.02 lakh litres of milk per day was marketed as against 137.9 lakh litres per day during the corresponding period last year.

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Physical Progress
Particulars Societies Organised (in ths) ~ 2000-2001 98.00 # 2001-2002 100.56 # 2002-2003 103.28 # 2003-2004* 105.24 # $ 116.2 $ 155.9 @ 149.0 @

Farmer Members(in lakh) ~ 108.3 110.5 114.9 Avg Rural Milk Procurement (lakh kg per day) 165.5 176.0 180.1 Liquid Milk Marketing(lakh litre per day) 134.0 134.2 137.3 ~ Cumulative, # Includes conventional societies and taluka unions formed earlier,
* Provisional, $ Refers to September 2003, @ Refers to April-October 2003

4.9

Delhi Milk Scheme (DMS)

4.9.1 DMS was set up in 1959 with the primary objective of supplying wholesome milk to citizens of Delhi at reasonable prices, as well as for providing remunerative prices to milk producers. Manufacture and sale of milk products like Ghee, Table Butter, Yoghurt, Paneer, Chhachh and Flavoured Milk is also undertaken as an allied activity. 4.9.2 Installed Capacity

4.9.2.1 The initial installed capacity of Delhi Milk Scheme was for processing/packing of 2.55 lakh litres of milk per day. However, in order to meet the ever-increasing demand for milk in the city, the capacity was expanded in phases to the level of 5.00 lakh litres of milk per day. 4.9.3 Management

14.9.3.1 DMS is headed by a General Manager who has the powers of Head of Department. The General Manager is assisted by Senior Officers viz. Dy. General Manager (Admn.), Dy. General Manager (Tech.) and Financial Adviser & Chief Accounts Officer in discharge of his duties. 14.9.3.2. There is a Management Committee which enjoys powers of a Department of Government of India, except for creation of posts, writing off losses and reappropriation of funds exceeding 10% of the original budget provision. The present Management Committee comprises of the Joint Secretary (Dairy Development) as Chairman, and Director (Finance), Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, two representative of consumers and General Manager, DMS as its members. 4.9.4 Procurement of Milk

4.9.4.1. Delhi Milk Scheme has been mainly procuring raw/fresh milk from the State Dairy Federations of the neighbouring States and some quantity of milk from the Co-operative Societies to augment the supplies.

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4.9.4.2 The total quantity of milk procured by Delhi Milk Scheme since 2000-2001 is indicated below: Year 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 4.9.5 Total Qty. of procured 678.90 704.45 663.86 756.87 milk (Figure in Lakh Kgs) Average/per day 1.86 1.93 1.85 2.07

Production and Distribution of Milk

4.9.5.1 Delhi Milk Scheme is processing and supplying following type of milk at the selling price as indicated against each : Sl.No. 1. 2. Type of milk Fat SNF Rate/per litre Rs. 14.00 Rs. 12.00 With effect from 01.03.2000 15.06.2003*

Toned Milk 3.0% 8.5% Double Toned 1.5% 9.0% Milk 3. Full Cream Milk 6.0% 9.0% Rs. 18.00 19.05.2003@ * Revised w.e.f. 15.06.2003. @ Revised w.e.f. 19.05.2003.

4.9.5.2 DMS has a network of over 1449 outlets and 214 All Day Milk Stalls spread all over the city, for the sale of milk & milk products as shown below:(a) Concessionaire on DMS booths (Mor.1009 +Eve.440) (b) Loose Milk Outlets (c) DMS All Day Milk Stalls . (d) All Day Milk Stalls (Govt. Building) . 1449 140 199 15

4.9.5.3. The milk booths are manned by students, Ex-servicemen, retired Govt./Semi-Govt. servants, physically handicapped persons, widows, unemployed persons as Concessionaires. The DMS also supplies milk to about 149 institutions such as Hospitals, Government Canteens, Hostels and Defence Unit etc. 4.9.5. 4 2003-04. 4.9.6 The average sale of milk was 2.53 lakh litres per day during the year Performance Utilization

4.9.6.1 The capacity utilization for milk processing has improved from 43.6% in 2002-03 to 54.6% in 2003-04. 4.9.6.2 Besides, the DMS is also manufacturing and selling ghee and table butter out of surplus fat available. Further, DMS is also manufacturing and marketing Yoghurt (In cups & Kullars) and Flavoured Milk (in pouches) for supply to the citizens of Delhi. The production and sale of Chhachh in 200 ml.pack has been introduced with effect from 27.05.2003.
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4.9.7

Physical Targets and Achievements

4.9.7.1 The targets and achievements regarding procurement of milk, production/sale of milk and milk products for 2002-03, 2003-04 and 2004-05 are indicated below: Sl. Major Component of the No Scheme 2002-2003 Target 1. 2. 3. Procurement of milk 766.5 ( in Lakh Kgs) Sale of Milk (in Lakh 766.5 litres) Production of 800.0 (i) Ghee (in M.T) (ii) Table Butter (in MT.) Financial Outlay Achievement 663.86 711.86 706.48 86.55 2003-2004 Target 819.31 901.94 700.00 409.56 126.43 Achievement 756.87 923.52

4.9.8

4.9.8.1 Expenditure on all accounts including the expenditure on inputs like raw milk, SMP, Butter, Butter Oil etc. and capital items is made from consolidated funds of India through annual budgetary allocation. Sale proceeds of milk and milk products are credited to the revenue account of the Government. The funds provided/proposed and expenditure for the year 2002-03, 2003-04 and 2004-05 in B.E. and R.E. are indicated below :Head/Scheme 2002-03 B.E. (Approved) I. NON-PLAN TOTAL II. PLAN(i)For purchase of machinery & construction of booths) (ii ) For execution of Civil and electrical works through CPWD. TOTAL 118.57 118.57 0.75 (BE) 1.66 (RE) 0.25 (BE) 0.33 (RE) 1.99 1.99 1.00 2.00 0.65 0.33 0.40 0.29 Exp. 116.67 116.67 1.66 B.E. 206.90 206.90 0.60 2003-04 R.E. 162.63 162.63 1.71 5 0.40 Exp. 90.52 90.52 0.2

Note : Funds amounting to Rs.0.29 Crores has been diverted to PAO, DGW, CPWD, Nirman Bhawan for execution of important items of Civil & Electrical works.

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4.9.9 Quality Control Measures 4.9.9.1 The quality control standards have been made stringent to ensure supply of good quality milk. Recently an instant sodium meter has been installed in Quality Control Laboratory for rapid assessment/detection of neutralisers or alkaline adulterants (if any) added to milk and milk products by unscrupulous elements. For detection of contaminants & pollutants in milk, a Gas Liquid Chromatogram has also been installed. 4.9.10 Complaint Cell

4.9.10.1 In order to provide greater customer satisfaction a complaint cell is functioning round the clock with the objective of attending to the customers complaints within 48 hours.

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CHAPTER 5
FISHERIES 5.1 Introduction

5.1.1 Fisheries sector occupies a very important place in the socio-economic development of the country. It has been recognized as a powerful income and India now is 4th largest employment generator as it stimulates growth of producer of fish in the world and a number of subsidiary industries and is a second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. source of cheap and nutritious food besides The fish production being a foreign exchange earner. Most during 2002-03 is estimated to be importantly, it is the source of livelihood for a 60.50 lakh tones. large section of economically backward A network of 429 Fish Farmers Development Agencies population of the country. The main challenges (FFDAs) sanctioned covering all the facing fisheries development in the country have potential districts in all the States been in assessment of fishery resources and and Union Territory of Pondicherry. During 2001-02 about their potential in terms of fish production, 32,544-hectare water area brought development of sustainable technologies for fin under scientific fish farming and shell fish culture, yield optimization, harvest through FFDAs. 48,296 fish farmers/ and post-harvest operations and landing and fishermen trained in improved berthing facilities for fishing vessels. practices during 2001-02 & 5.1.2 In the marine sector fishing is predominantly a fishermen oriented activity. However, women have played an important role in the fisheries sector, and in the emerging scenario of fisheries and aquaculture development, they have a much larger role to play. Women represent the largest workforce in terms of number, engaged in fish vending, net making and processing. Women are also engaged in the processing, marketing and allied activities. The concerted efforts are being made to extend assistance to fishermen cooperatives under various schemes and programmes being implemented by the Department. Efforts are also being made to enhance enrollment of fisherwomen with the fishery cooperative societies to enable them to avail benefits under various schemes/programmes of the Department. 5.2 Thrust Areas
benefited about 59,937 persons.

5.2.1 Fisheries is a State subject and as such the primary responsibility for development rests with the State Governments. The major thrust in fisheries development has been on optimizing production and productivity, augmenting export of marine products, generating employment and improving welfare of fishermen and their socio-economic status. 5.2.2 For achieving accelerated growth and enhancing production and productivity of fish and marine products, 17 plan schemes were implemented during 9th Plan. The two schemes namely, Assistance to Coast Guard and World Bank Aided Project on Shrimp and Fish Culture were discontinued after 9th Plan on the recommendation of the Planning Commission. It has been decided to merge the remaining schemes into six major schemes for Tenth Plan as a sequel to the Zero
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Based Budget exercise for convergence/ merging/ macro-management and on the recommendations of the Working Group on Fisheries. National Scheme on Welfare of Fishermen and Central Sector Scheme on Training and Extension are now being implemented. The Scheme on Inland Fisheries Statistics has been revised and renamed as Strengthening of Database and Information Networking for the Tenth Plan. The existing schemes on Development of Freshwater Aquaculture and Establishment of Fishing Harbours and Fish Landing Centres, which are being merged with other components under macro-management mode, are also being continued during the current year. The on-going six schemes are as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 5.3. Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Welfare Programme for Fishermen Fisheries Training and Extension, including Human Resources Development Assistance to Fisheries Institutes Strengthening of Data-base and Information Networking Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture

5.3.1. The ongoing Centrally Sponsored Schemes of i) Development of Freshwater Aquaculture and ii) Integrated Coastal Aquaculture have been combined with four new components and renamed as "Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture". The scheme has the following components:a) b) c) Development of Freshwater Aquaculture Development of Brackishwater Aquaculture Development of Coldwater Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Hilly Regions d) Development of Water-logged Areas into Aquaculture Estates e) Utilization of Inland Saline/Alkaline Soils for Aquaculture f) Inland Capture Fisheries (Reservoirs/Rivers etc.) 5.3.2. The aforesaid scheme has been approved by the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) and approval of Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) is being solicited. 5.3.3 Development of Freshwater Aquaculture 5.3.3.1 Development of freshwater aquaculture is one of the most important production oriented programmes of the Government of India being implemented by the States/UTs as a centrally sponsored scheme through Fish Farmers Development Agencies (FFDAs) from 1973-74 onwards. The main objectives of the Scheme are to popularize fish farming, creating employment opportunities, diversifying aquaculture practices and provide assistance to fish farmers with a view to create a cadre of trained and well organised fish farmers with a view to create a cadre of trained and well organized fish farmers fully engaged in aquaculture. 5.3.3.2 A network of 429 Fish Farmers Development Agencies (FFDAs) have been sanctioned for establishment under this programme covering all the potential districts in all the States and Union Territory of Pondicherry. Most of the FFDAs
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operate at district level and some at regional/State level where the district level resources are inadequate. 5.3.3.3 In order to boost inland fish production, assistance in the form of subsidy is given to the fish farmers for construction of new ponds, reclamation/renovation of ponds and tanks, first year inputs (fish seed, fish feed, fertilizers, manures, etc.), integrated fish farming, running water fish culture, establishment of fish seed hatcheries and fish feed mills, etc. Assistance is also given to progressive fish farmers for purchase of aerators to further enhance the productivity of fish. Subsidy for the above-mentioned activities is given at the higher rates to fish farmers of scheduled tribes/scheduled castes. Subsidy also provided for freshwater prawn seed hatchery, laboratory, soil & water testing kits, integrated units for ornamental fish, transportation of seed in hilly areas. The expenditure towards developmental activities is being shared on 75:25 basis between the Government of India and State/UT Governments whereas entire administrative expenditure is met by the State/UT Governments. 5.3.3.4 During 2002-03, additional area brought under fish culture was about 22,979 ha (provisional). Fishers trained in improved practices were about 27,210 numbers (provisional) during the same period and the scheme has benefited about 37,045 (provisional) persons. During 2003-04, additional area of 30,000 ha and training of 20,000 fishers is the target under the programme. Due to introduction of improved technology of fish farming and the efforts of FFDAs, the national average productivity of ponds and tanks covered under the programme is about 2200 kg/ha/annum. 5.3.4 Development of Brackishwater Aquaculture

5.3.4.1 A centrally sponsored scheme on Integrated Coastal Aquaculture for the development of brackishwater areas in the country was in operation during the Ninth Plan. The scheme was discontinued in the beginning of the Tenth Plan on the advice of the Planning Commission. However, considering the importance of the brackishwater fishery resources, it has been decided to continue the programme as one of the components under the macro-management during Tenth Plan, as indicated above. 5.3.4.2 With a view to provide technical, financial and extension support to shrimp farmers in the small scale sector, 39 Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agencies (BFDAs) have been sanctioned in all the coastal states and the UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. During 2002-03, an additional area brought under shrimp culture was about 570 ha (provisional). Fishers trained in improved practices of shrimp culture were about 340 numbers (provisional) during the same period. The performance of the scheme was tardy due to legal intervention (Supreme Court Judgement of December, 1996) prohibiting non-traditional shrimp culture activities within the Costal Regulation Zone i.e. 500 m from the high tide line. The matter is still sub-judice. During 2003-04, an additional area of 2000 ha and training of 1000 fishers is the target under the programme.

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5.3.4.3 To address the problems of disease and health management, it is proposed to set up disease diagnostic laboratories and quarantine facilities in the country during Tenth Plan. 5.3.5 Aquaculture Authority Bill 2000

5.3.5.1 The Aquaculture Authority Bill 2000 intended for development of the coastal aquaculture as an environment friendly and sustainable activity and providing for the Aquaculture Authority was introduced in the Rajya Sabha and was referred to the Standing Committee on Agriculture for examination and report. The Standing Committee has submitted its report to the Parliament on 4th December 2000. As per the recommendations made by the Parliamentary Standing Committee and considering the suggestions from various quarters, the amended bill is under consideration of Department of Legal Affairs for their concurrence. 5.3.6 New Components

5.3.6.1 In order to augment fish production and promote aquaculture, four pilot projects on i) Development of Coldwater Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Hilly Regions; ii) Development of Water-logged Areas into Aquaculture Estates; iii) Utilization of Inland Saline/Alkaline Soils for Aquaculture; and iv) Inland Capture Fisheries (Reservoirs/Rivers etc.) were taken up with 100% central assistance in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh during the terminal year of the Ninth Plan. Concerned ICAR Institutes and respective State Governments were involved in implementation of the projects. An amount of Rs. 659.35 lakh was released to the State Governments under the above pilot projects. 5.3.6.2 Considering the importance of aforesaid inland fishery resources in the country, it has been decided to continue these programmes as regular components under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture during the Tenth Five Year Plan. 5.4. Development of Marine Fisheries

5.4.1 Motorisation of Traditional Craft 5.4.1.1 This production oriented scheme was introduced during 7 th Plan with the objective of technical upgradation of traditional fishing sector in order to help the fishermen to reduce their physical strain and top extend the range of their fishing operation which would help to increase their fish catch and income. Under this scheme 50% of the cost of engine is provided as subsidy subject to a maximum of Rs.10,000/- per Out Board Motor(OBM) and Rs.12,000/- per in Board Motor(IBM) which is shared by the Centre and State equally. In case of UTs the entire cost of subsidy and engine is met by the Centre. 5.4.1.2 During 2001-02 about 2700 crafts were sanctioned to be motorised with a central subsidy of Rs. 140.37 lakhs with cumulative achievement of about 37950 crafts sanctioned upto 2001-02. During 10th Plan, a component on motorisation of traditional craft with enhanced subsidy of Rs. 20,000 for an OBM has

43

been proposed for implementation. The total outlay for the 10th Plan proposed is Rs. 13 crores. 5.4.2 Reimbursement of Central Excise Duty on HSD Oil supplied to mechanised fishing vessel below 20M length 5.4.2.1 This Scheme was introduced from 1990-91 onwards with a view to help the small mechanised fishing owners/operators to bring down the operational cost of their vessels and thereby to encourage them to increase the fishing days, fish catch and income. The cost of central excise duty on HSD oil @ Rs.351.75 per KL is fully subsidized under the scheme which is shared on 80:20 basis between the Centre and States and met fully by the Centre in the case of States which have exempted sale tax fully on HSD oil and UTs. A sum of Rs.673.84 lakhs was released under the scheme during 2001-02 towards Central share of reimbursement cost to benefit about 18000 small-mechanised fishing vessels below 20M under the scheme. 5.4.2.2 A Scheme called Fishermen Development Rebate on HSD has been proposed in the 10th Plan with an outlay of Rs.100 crores. The EFC has approved the scheme on Development of Marine fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest operations and approval of CCEA is being solicited. 5.4.3 Enforcement of Marine Fishing Regulation Act acquisition of patrol boats 5.4.3.1 This scheme was launched during 1993-94 onwards in order to assist the coastal State/UT in the effective enforcement of the MFRA. Under the scheme 100% central grant-in-aid is provided for purchase of patrol boats for carrying out surveillance in the territorial waters. Under the scheme 8 coastal states were sanctioned 26 patrol boats. The total central grant released so far was Rs.2478 lakhs. The Scheme has been discontinued. 5.4.4 During the 10th Plan under the Macro Management approach, the following new components are proposed to be implemented which are awaiting approval of the competent authority. (i) (ii) (iii) Introduction of intermediate craft with improved design. Safety of fishermen at sea. Resource specific deep sea fishing vessels (including VMS).

5.4.5 Development of Deep Sea Fishing 5.4.5.1 On the basis of the new Guidelines issued by the Department during November, 2002, regarding permitting Indian flag vessels in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), 13 numbers of Indian companies were issued with letter of permissions (LOPs) for 38 numbers of resource specific vessels till date. A revised Comprehensive Marine Fishing Policy is under finalization.

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5.4.6 Facilities for Marine Fisheries Infrastrcuture 5. 4.6.1 The Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India has been implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme Fishing Harbour Facilities at Major and Minor Ports since 1964 for providing safe landing and berthing facilities for various categories of fishing craft operating along the coast of the country. The objective of the scheme is to provide safe-berthing facilities for the mechanised and non mechanised fishing vessels plying in the coastal water, by providing needy infrastructure facilities. The facilities being created under the scheme are fishing harbour and fish landing centre include breakwater, wharf, jetty, dredging, reclamation, quay, auction hall, slipway, workshop, net mending shed and other ancillary facilities. 5.4.6.2 Under the scheme, the maritime State Governments are provided with 50% grant assistance on the capital cost for the development of fishing harbours and fish landing centres. Whereas the Union Territories are provided with 100% grant assistance for construction of fishing harbours and fish landing centres. However, the Government of India has been bearing entire capital cost of construction of major fishing harbour in the Port Trust area. The construction, maintenance, management and operation of the fishing harbours and fish landing centres are the responsibilities of the respective State Government/UTs and Port Trusts. 5.4.6.3 Since inception of the scheme, Government of India has sanctioned 6 major fishing harbours, 50 minor fishing harbours and 184 fish landing centres. Of which, 6 major fishing harbours, 38 minor fishing harbours and 141 fish landing centres have been completed and put to use. The remaining 12 fishing harbours and 43 fish landing centres are under various stages of construction. 5.4.6.4 The scheme has now been merged with the Macro Management Scheme on Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations as a component on Establishment of Fishing Harbours and Fish Landing Centres. An amount of Rs. 100.00 crores has been allocated for implementation of this component during the Tenth Five Year Plan. 5.4.7 Maintenance of Dredger TSD Sindhuraj 5.4.7.1 In order to overcome the siltation problem being faced by the various fishing harbours and fish landing centres constructed under the scheme the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India have procured a trailing suction hopper dredger TSD Sindhuraj under the Japanese Grant Aid Programme with an aid of Japanese Yen 1248.00 million. 5.4.7.2 Main objectives of procuring the dredger is to carryout regular maintenance dredging at fishing harbours and fish landing centres thereby increasing fishing days and fish production. The dredger has been handed over to the Government of Kerala for its management, maintenance on behalf of the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Agriculture, after execution of an Agreement. 5.5 Welfare Programmes for Fishermen

45

5.5.1 This scheme has the following three components:i) ii) iii) Development of Model Fishermen Villages Group Accident Insurance Scheme for Active Fishermen Saving-cum-relief Scheme

5.5.2 Development of Model Fishermen Villages 5.5.2.1 The objective of the component is to provide basic civic amenities such as housing, drinking water and construction of community hall for fishermen villages. A fishermen village may consist of not less than 10 houses. There is no upper limit for the number of houses to be constructed in a village, which would depend on the number of eligible fishermen in that village. The village would be provided with tube wells at the rate of one tube well for every 20 houses. As recreation and common working place, a fishermen village with at least 75 houses is eligible to avail financial assistance for construction of a community hall. Unit costs under the scheme is Rs. 40,000/- for houses, Rs.30,000/- for the tube-well (Rs.35,000 for North Eastern Region) and Rs. 1,75,000/- for community hall. The expenditure is share equally between Central and State Government. In case of Union Territories, the expenditure is fully borne by the Centre. 5.5.3 Group Accident Insurance Scheme for Active Fishermen The objective of this component is to provide insurance to cover fishermen engaged actively in fishing. Such active fishermen are insured for Rs. 50,000/- for one year against death or permanent disability and Rs. 25,000/- for partial disability. The upper limit for insurance premium is Rs. 15/- per head. The 50% of the annual premium is subsidized as grants in aid by the Centre and remaining 50% by State Governments. In case of Union Territory 100% premium is borne by the Government of India. A single policy has been taken in respect of all those States/ Union Territories who are participating through FISHCOPFED. 5.5.4 Saving-cum-Relief Scheme The objective of this component is to provide financial assistance to fishermen during lean fishing season. Under this component, beneficiary has to contribute a part of their earning during non-lean months. The monthly contribution of marine fishermen is Rs. 75/- for eight months, while that of inland fishermen is Rs.50/- for nine months. A matching amount is provided with equal contribution from Central and State Governments and the accumulated amount is distributed back to fishermen in four/three equal installments at the rate of Rs.300/- per month to marine/inland fishermen. In case of UTs, entire matching share is borne by the Central Government. 5.5.5 Progressive implementation of the scheme in 2002-03 and 2003-04 5.5.5.1 During 2002-03 Central assistance of Rs.1697.0 lakh was extended to various States/UTs/FISHCOPFED to implement the scheme. About 10.5 lakhs fishermen were covered under the Group Accident Insurance and 2.4 lakhs under

46

Saving-cum-Relief component of the scheme in 2002-03. Central assistance was extended to States/UTs for construction of 7148 houses, for the benefit of fishers. 5.5.5.2 During 2003-04, a sum of Rs.1741.0 lakhs has been released to various States/UTs/FISHCOPFED till 20th December, 2002 to cover about 4.0 lakh fishers under Saving-cum-Relief component, construction of 7500 houses and to cover ten lakh fishermen of various States/UTs by FISHCOPFED under Group Accident Insurance Scheme. 5.5.6 Fisheries Training and Extension 5.6.1 The main objective of the Scheme is to provide training to fishery personnel so as to assist them in undertaking fisheries extension programmes effectively. The Scheme provides assistance to fisher folk in upgrading their skills. To enhance training facilities, the Scheme also provides assistance for setting up/upgradation of training centres in States/Union Territories. From the year 1999-2000 the Scheme is operated with 80 per cent Central assistance in case of States and 100 per cent Central assistance in case of Union Territories and other organisations. Other components of the Scheme are: i. ii. To publish short, concise and useful manuals with a view to provide adequate extension material to trainees and personnel associated with fish production and allied activities. Production of video films on the technologies developed by the Research Institutes/Organisation as well as State Fisheries Departments for the development of fisheries and its publicity through electronic media. To conduct meetings/workshop/seminars, etc. which are of national importance and relevent to the fisheries sector.

iii.

5.6.2 During 2002-03, an amount of Rs.177.93 lakh was released to various States/Organisations for training of 1113 fish farmers, setting up/upgradation of 2 training centres, establishment of 1 awareness centre, preparation of 16 training/extension manuals, production of 3 documentary films and organisation of 5 Workshop and Seminars. 5.7 5.7.1 Assistance to Fisheries Institutes Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, Kochi

5.7.1.1 Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical & Engineering Training (CIFNET) was established in 1963 by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India at Cochin for organizing suitable fisheries training system at the national level. Subsequently two units of the Institute were set up at Chennai and at Visakhapatnam. The primary objective of the Institute is to make available sufficient number of trained operatives for fishing vessels and technicians for shore establishments. 5.7.1.2 Two regular courses of 18 months duration namely Mate Fishing Vessel Course (MFVC) and Engine Driver Fishing Vessel Course (EDFVC) are

47

being conducted with a total intake capacity of 200 trainees. In addition to above main courses, various short term / ancillary courses are also being conducted at all three centres. The Institute has three fishery training vessels and all the vessels were mainly utilized for imparting onboard practical training for institutional trainees and for providing qualifying sea service for post-institutional trainees of the Institute. 5.7.1.3 During 2002-03, 58 persons were trained in these two main training courses. In addition, 577 candidates were trained in short-term training programmes for sponsored/ departmental candidates in fishing technology, gear technology, etc. during 2002-03. 5.7.2 Integrated Fisheries Project, Kochi

5.7.2.1 This Project envisages processing, popularization and test marketing of unconventional varieties of fish. The Project has a fishing vessel, a well-equipped marine workshop and a slipway to slip vessels upto 250 tones, an ice-cum-freezing plant and a modern fish-processing unit. It also provides institutional training in various courses. Besides the Head Quarters at Kochi, the Project also has a centre at Visakhapatnam. During 2002-03, about 60 tones of fish was processed and 46 tones marketed earning revenue of Rs. 34 lakhs. During 2003-04, it is expected to process about 150 tones of fish and market about 100 tones of value added fishery product earning a revenue of Rs. 50.12 lakhs. The ship repair yard is expected to haul up 8 Ships with an aggregate capacity of 800 tonnes and service 80 inflatable liferafts. The Project is expected to impart training to a total of about 300 trainees in various disciplines during the year. 5.7.3 Fishery Survey of India

5.7.3.1 The Fishery Survey of India (FSI) is responsible for survey and assessment of marine fishery resources of the Indian EEZ. The Institute has seven operational bases at Porbandar, Mumbai, Mormugao and Kochi along the West Coast, Chennai and Visakhapatnam along the east coast and Port Blair in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. A total of 13 ocean ongoing survey vessels are deployed for fisheries resources survey and monitoring. The FSIs work also includes monitoring of fishery resources for the purpose of regulation and management, assessment of suitability of different types of craft and gear for deepsea and oceanic fishing, providing in-vessel training to CIFNET/Polytechnic trainees, dissemination of information on fishery resources through various media to the fishing community, industry, other end users, etc. The survey fleet of the institute undertakes bottom trawl survey, Midwater/columnar resources survey and longline survey for demersal, columnar and oceanic tunas and allied resources and also for oceanic sharks. 5.7.3.2 During 2003-04, the survey vessels were out at sea for 1321 days and conducted actual fishing for 933 days expanding actual fishing effort of 2797 hours and 76,300 hooks. For quick dissemination of information on fishery resources and strengthening of data collection, the Institute had conducted four Workshops at Goa, Kochi, Mumbai and Chennai respectively.

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5.7.3.3 The Institute proposes to procure two monofilament long liners in replacement of two decommissioned vessels. These vessels are provided with facilities for carrying out scientific work on board would also be utilized for demonstrating the monofilament fishing technology to fishermen apart from carrying out survey of the oceanic tuana resources. The vessels are likely to be delivered to Fishery Survey of India in third quarter of 2004-05. 5.7.4 Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery, Bangalore 5.7.4.1 The objective of this Institute set up in 1968 at Bangalore is to conduct techno-economic feasibility studies for development of fishing harbours and brackishwater farms. The institute monitors the progress of construction of ongoing fishery harbours sanctioned under centrally sponsored scheme by the Ministry of Agriculture and renders technical guidance to the maritime states/ UTs in the speedy implementation of the projects. The institute also assists the maritime state governments in finalization of project reports prepared by them. The institute has shifted to new building located in HMT Complex at Jalahalli during August, 2003. Some of the major activities conducted by the Institute are as follows: (i) Reconnaissance survey and identification of suitable sites for fishing harbours. (ii) Preparation of preliminary construction plans and detailed estimate. (iii) Engineering and economic investigations. (iv) Preparation of project feasibility reports for brackish water shrimp farms and training of personnel. 5.7.4.2 During the period April-October, 2003, the institute has conducted technical investigations for the development of fishery harbours at Badeli Jagala in Gugarat and Yanam in U.T. of Pondicherry and prepared the techno-economic feasibility reports for the development of fishing harbours at Bahabalpur in Orissa. The TEFR for development of fishery harbours at Chandipur in Orrissa, Vasco Bay in Goa, Biyyaputhiapa/ Anthervedipalem in Andhra Pradesh, Deogad in Maharashtra, Umbergaon and Badeli Jagala in Gugarat and in Daman in U.T.of Daman & Diu are under various stages of progress. The Institute has also conducted joint reconnaissance surveys of fishery harbour/ fish landing centre sites in Gujarat, Yanam in UT of Pondicherry and Tamilnadu to assess their suitability to develop as fishing harbours. 5.8 Strengthening of Database and Information Networking for Fisheries Sector 5.8.1 The earlier Scheme on Development of Inland Fisheries Statistics has been revised and the modified scheme on Strengthening of Database and Information Networking for Fisheries Sector has been approved for implementation during Tenth Plan. The new scheme consists of continuation of catch assessment surveys on inland fisheries with additional components on information networking, Geographical Information System using satellite data, training, census on important attributes on inland and marine fisheries and strengthening of catch assessment surveys for estimation marine fish production. The scheme will be implemented with 100% Central assistance.

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CHAPTER - 6 TRADE MATTERS


6.1 Regulation of Import of Livestock Products

6.1.1 In order to evolve a suitable mechanism for regulating import and monitoring the sanitary and food safety aspect, Government of India amended the Livestock Importation Act, 1898 under which import of all livestock products are allowed against Sanitary Import Permits (SIP) which are issued after conducting risk analysis with regard to the disease status of the exporting country, in accordance to the International Scientific principles and guidelines of OIE. 6.1.2 The Department issued following Notifications under the provision of section 3 and section 3A of the said Act: Notification No. 655 (E) dated 7th July 2001 indicating the requirement of sanitary Import permit and the procedure for the import of following livestock products, including: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Meat and meat products of all kinds including fresh, chilled and frozen meat, tissue or organs of poultry, pig, sheep, goat; egg and egg powder; milk and milk products; bovine, ovine and caprine embryos, ova or semen; and pet food products of animal origin.

Notification No. 802 (E) dated 17th August 2001 prohibiting the import of livestock products from the countries affected with TSE group of diseases, Notification No. 1043 (E) dated 16th October 2001 indicating the requirement of Sanitary Import Permit for the import of products of all aquatic animals including fish. Notification No. 1175 (E) Dated 27th November 2001 for the import of Grand parent stock of poultry. Notification No. 155 (E) dated 3.2.2004 prohibiting the import of all poultry and poultry products including the pork from all countries for six months in wake of outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in South East Asian Countries. The prohibition is valid from the date of publication of this Notification i.e.3.2.2004. Procedure for Imports: -

6.2

6.2.1 The importer has to apply to obtain the permit for the import of livestock products. The application forms for import of livestock products is available on the

50

website of the Department. The applications for the SIP is examined and analyzed by the technical experts of the Department conducting risk analysis on the basis of International Scientific principles of OIE and recommendations are examined by the Risk Analysis Committee constituted for this purpose for either rejecting the application or issuing SIP. Aggrieved applicant can ask for a review of the decision of Risk Analysis Committee. 6.2.2 The number of sanitary import permits issued since July 2001 to March 2004 (Year wise) are as follows: S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 upto March 2004 No. of SIP issued 218 1002 1514 327

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CHAPTER 7
SPECIAL COMPONENT PLAN (SCP) AND TRIBAL SUB-PLAN (TSP) 7.1 Allocation of separate funds for Special Component Plan and Tribal Sub-Plan is not feasible in view of the specific nature of activities/schemes, which are being implemented by this Department. The Department is not directly implementing any beneficiary oriented programmes, where separate allocations have to be made for this sector. However, wherever possible, efforts have been made for providing maximum coverage to SCs/STs. Under Central Minikit Distribution Programme, there is a provision of distribution of fodder seed minikits, and undertaking demonstration on 25% fields belonging to SCs/STs farmers. Under Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme, there is a provision of utilization of 20% of Central grant for vaccination of animals belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Similarly under the scheme of Development of Freshwater Aquaculture there is a provision of providing enhanced subsidy assistance to SC/ST population under various component activities like construction of new fish ponds, renovation/reclamation of ponds, first year inputs, integrated fish farming etc. 7.2 The State Governments have, however, been requested to separately allocate funds for the above activities while formulating their State Plans.

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CHAPTER 8
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND INTERACTION WITH STATES 8.1 Agreement with other countries

8.1.1 During the year 2003-04, a Memorandum of Understanding have been signed by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying with Agriculture and Livestock Service, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Chile on Animal Health. The draft MOU/Agreements with following Countries are at various stages of consideration for cooperation in the field of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries Sector:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) 8.2 Agreement on cooperation in the sanitary veterinary field with Government of Romania. Agreement on Animal Health with Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development of the United Mexican States. Agreement for cooperation in the Veterinary field with the Government of the Republic of Sri Lanka. MOU with Government of Republic of Mauritius on cooperation in the field of Fisheries. MOU with Ministry of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources Development of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka for Fisheries Development and Technical Cooperation. MOU with Ministry of Agriculture of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) of the Republic of India on the development of the Ethiopian Dairy Industry. Agreement on cooperation in the field of Animal Health with Government of Mongolia. International Cooperation for foreign funded projects

8.2.1 The foreign agencies funding animal husbandry projects in India are mainly Denmark (DANIDA), Switzerland ( SDC) and the French Government. 8.2.2 The Denmark Government (DANIDA) assisted projects are as under:i. ii. iii. Integrated Livestock Development Project in Puddokottai, Tamil Nadu; Integrated Livestock Development Project in Bastar, Chhatishgarh Integrated Livestock Development Project in Koraput, Orissa

These projects have been completed in 2004-05. 8.2.3 The Switzerland Government assisted project (SDC) are as under: i. ii. Cattle Breeding and Fodder Development in Andhra Pradesh Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development in Sikkim.

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8.2.4 Two projects for establishment of Fresh Water Prawn Hatchery are presently under implementation in the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra. These projects are being implemented with assistance from the French Government. 8.3 International Memberships

8.3.1 This Department is also a regular member (paying annual membership contribution) of the following International Organizations related to animal health and fisheries: a) Office International des Epizooties (OIE), Paris, France b) Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), Seychelles -an organization under FAO c) Animal Production and Health Commission for the Asia and the Pacific (APHCA), Bangkok, Thailand- an organization under FAO. d) Bay of Bengal Project/ Inter Governmental Organization (IGO) on Fisheriesan organization under FAO. 8.4 Participation in Seminars/Conferences/Workshops abroad and other foreign visits: 8.4.1 During the year, the following officers were deputed abroad for attending the Technical Training/ Workshops i. Dr. Bhushan Tyagi, Assistant Livestock Officer was deputed for participation in the 3rd OIE/FAO-APHCA Regional Training Course on World Trade Organisation (WTO)s Sanitary Phyto Sanitary(SPS) Programme held at Chiang Mai, Thailand during 8-12th July,2003. Dr. H.R. Khanna, Assistant Livestock Officer was deputed for participation in the OIE/FAO-APHCA/DLD Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy(BSE), Risk Analysis Workshop held at Chiang Mai, Thailand during 9-11th October,2003. Dr.R.K. Gupta, Assistant Livestock Officer was deputed for participation in the Training on Consumer Protection and International Trade, Guidelines and Procedures for World Wide Harmonization of Standards for Food of Animal Origin held at Germany during 10th November-5th December, 2003.

ii.

iii.

8.4.2. During the year, the following officers were deputed abroad for attending various meetings/ seminars/ conferences etc.: S.No Name & Country . Designation visited of Officer 1. Mrs. Binoo Bruges, Sen, Belgium Secretary(AH &D) Duration of visit 10-12th Sept,2003 Purpose of visit To attend world dairy summit and centenary.

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2.

Mrs. Radha Paris, Singh,Secre France tary(AH&D) Dr.V.K. Taneja, AHC

23-25th Feb,2004

To participate in the global conference on animal welfare an OIE initiative. To attend 23rd conference of OIE regional commission for Asia, the far East and Oceania. To participate in the global conference on animal welfarean OIE initiative. To attend 26th session of codex alimentarius commission.

3.

i.) Noumea, 25-28th Caledonia Nov,2003 ii) Paris, 23-25th France Feb,2004.

4.

Mrs. Neerja i) Rajkumar,J Italy S(DD&P)

Rome, 30th June-7th July,2003

ii) 28th Sep-5th Switzerland October, & Netherland 2003. . 5. Ms.Nita Chowdhury, JS(AH)

Study visit of a group of key policy makersw and professional to develop appropriate livestock policies and strategies in India. rd i.) Paris, 18-23 and To attend 71st session of OIE th France & 26-27 and visit to UK to discuss the UK. May,2003. National programme on FMD. ii.) Cairo, 8-10th Egypt Dec,2003. iii.) Auckland, New Zealand iv.) Italy 16-20th Feb,2004 For finalisation of draft MOU to facilitate the export of Meat to Egypt. To attend 10th session of codex committee on Meat & Poultry Hygiene.

31st March- To attend 3rd session of Inter 2nd governmental technical working April,2004. group on animal genetic Rome, resources for food & agriculture.

5.

Shri. P.K. i.) Geneva, Pattanaik, Switzerland JS(FY) ii.) Hobart, Australia iii.) Victoria, Seychelles iv.) Penang, Malaysia

2-4th Sep,2003. 3-7th Nov,2003 7-12th Dec,2003 15-17th March,2004

To attend the tripartite meeting of experts on labor standards for fishing sector. To attend 22nd meeting of the commission for conservation of Antarctic marine living resources. To attend 8th session of IOTC To attend preparatory meeting of BOBLME.

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7.

Shri. Tapesh i.) Moscow, 12-13th Pawar, Russia May,2003. JS(A&IC) ii.) Italy

9th session of Inter governmental meeting / sub group meeting on agriculture.

Rome, 30th June- To attend 26th session of codex 7thJuly,2003. alimentarius commission. Dec, To attend 12th session of the codex committee on food import & export inspection & certification system. To attend meeting on sanitary phyto-sanitary measures under WTO To attend expert consultant assignment as personal capacity. For participation as Indian delegation in IOTC working meeting. To attend 6th session of scientific committee of IOTC, for attending interview for the post of Secretary(IOTC) & also attending 8th session of IOTC To attend 18th session of codex committee on general principles.

iii.) Brisbane, 1-5th Australia 2003

iv.) Geneva, 17-18th Switzerland. March,2004. 8. Shri. Ashok Kumar, Adviser(stat. ) Dr.V.S. Somvanshi DG, FSI, Mumbai Bangkok, Thailand 8-11th July,2003.

9.

i.) Mahe, 3-13th Seychelles June,2003. ii)Victoria, Seychelles 3-12th Dec,2003.

10.

Shri. S.K. i.) Paris, 7-11th Srivastava, France April,2003. Dir(Trade) ii.) Brussels, 12-15th Belgium 2003 iii) Paris, 17-21 France 2003 iv) Singapore

Nov To attend drafting group meeting for egg and egg products code. Nov, 19th (extraordinary) session of CCGP To participate in the next round of negotiation of comprehensive economic cooperation agreement(CECA) with Singapore

15-17th March,2003

v.)Washingto 29th March- To attend the 36th session of n DC, USA 3rd codex committee on food April,2003. hygiene.

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11.

Mrs. Amarjeet Kaur, Dir(DD) Shri.M.K.R. Nair, FDC

Brussels, Belgium

3-6th June,2003.

12.

i.) Trondheim, Norway ii.)Alesund, Norway iii.)Pattaya, Thailand iv.)Penang, Malaysia i.)Lahore, Pakistan

7-11th August, 2003. 13-17th Oct,2003. 15-17th Dec,2003. 15-17th March,2004 25-29th August, 2003

To attend the meeting of drafting group meeting on principles and guidelines for microbiological risk management. To attend 2nd session of COFI sub committee on Aquaculture. To attend 26th session of the codex committee on fish & fisheries products. To attend 69th session of the executive committee of Asia Pacific fisheries commission. To attend preparatory meeting of BOBLME To attend 62nd executive committee meeting & 27th session of APHCA and regional consultation on progressive control of FMD and translucendary animal diseases. To attend technical meeting on Avian Influenza in Animal. To attend working party data collection & statistics To attend 6th round of negotiations on India and Singapore Comprehensive Economy Agreement(CECA) To participate in the sorkshop for improvement of Tuna statistics in Indian Ocean Coastal States. To attend 2nd session of COFI sub committee on Aquaculture To conduct a feasibility study in connection with the work plan on agriculture with Lao-PDR under ITEC programme of MEA. To attend 9th session of FAOs COFI Sub Committee on Fish Trade.

13.

Dr.S.C. Suneja, Dir(I&C)

ii.) Bangkok, 26-28th Thailand Feb,2004 14. 15. Mrs. Shobha Victoria, Marwah, Seychelles Dir(Fy. Stat.) Dr.K.A. Singapore Reddy,JC(P) Shri.A.J. Banga, Dir(Fy. Coordn.) Shri.G.D. Chandrapal, DC(FY) Victoria, Seychelles i)Trondheim, Norway ii) Lao-PDR 1-2nd Dec,2003. 24-26th Nov,2003. 1-5th March,2004 7-11th August, 2003 10-17th Dec,2003

16.

17.

iii)Bremen, Germany

10-14th Feb,2004

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18.

Dr.A.B.Negi, DC(LH) Shri.K. Gopalakrish nan, DDG, FSI Shri.J.P.S. Mehrotra, DC(FY) Dr.M.E.John , Zonal Director, Goa Base. Dr. M.Ahmad, Dir,CPBF, Mumbai

Singapore

24-26th Nov,2003. 1-5th March,2004

19.

Victoria, Seychelles

20. 21.

Colombo, Sri 14-16th Lanka Oct,2003 Mahe, Seychelles Lao-PDR 3-13th June,2003 10-17th Dec,2003.

To attend 6th round of negotiations on India and Singapore Comprehensive Economy Agreement(CCEA). To participate in the workshop for improvement of tuna statistics in Indian ocean Coastal States. To attend Indo-Sri Lanka joint commission meeting(JCM) For participation as Indian delegation in IOTC working meeting. To conduct a feasibility study in connection with the work plan on agriculture with Lao-PDR under ITEC programme of MEA. To conduct a feasibility study in connection with the work plan on agriculture with Lao-PDR under ITEC programme of MEA. To conduct a feasibility study in connection with the work plan on agriculture with Lao-PDR under ITEC programme of MEA. For participation as Indian delegation in IOTC working meeting.

22.

23.

24.

Shri. Lao-PDR S.S.Solanki, Dir Incharge RSFP&D Gujarat. Shri.G.C.Da Lao-PDR s,AC(DD)

10-17th Dec,2003

10-17th Dec,2003

25.

26.

Shri. Mahe, P.Sivaraj, Seychelles Sr. Fy.Scientist, FSI, Port Blair. Dr.Bhushan Rome, Italy Tyagi, ALO.

3-13th June,2003.

31st March- To attend 3rd session of 2nd April,04. Intergovernmental technical working group on animal genetic resources for food and agriculture.

8.5

Interaction with States

8.5.1 The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying interact with the State Governments and UT Administration on continuous basis to coordinate and integrate the central programme with the programmes of the State Governments. The officers of the Department make visit to the States to monitor and review the implementation

58

of the Central Plan Schemes. The officers have also been attending the meetings/seminars/workshops called by the State Govt. for this purpose. 8.5.2 The Department, in order to focus on some of the important issues of immediate attention, organised 4 Regional Conferences of State Secretaries of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries on regional basis during May-July, 2003at Chandigarh, Bangalore, Ahmedabad and New Delhi. The State Secretaries and the Directors of the respective Department from the State Govt. participated in the meeting. The Conference considered the issue relating to animal health, genetic up gradation, feed and fodder, poultry, dairy and fisheries issues. The conference also considered the issue of unspent balances and delay in the furnishing of utilization certificate by the State Governments. In order to improve the utilization of funds by the State Governments, it was decided during these conferences that the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying will revalidate all the funds released to the State Governments in the last quarter of the preceding financial year.

59

CHAPTER 9
C&AG OBSERVATION PERTAINING TO DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING 9.1 Distribution and Processing Losses:

Quantity of milk in poly packs returned unsold to the Delhi Milk Scheme constituted 7.68 per cent and 8.97 per cent during 2000-01 and 2001-02 respectively, as against the tentative norm of two per cent necessitating additional expenditure of Rs.65.39 lakh on its reprocessing as raw milk based on variable costs alone. Besides, the scheme also incurred fat and SNF losses in excess of the prescribed norms during 1999-2002 in processing of milk and milk products in the Central Dairy, aggregating to Rs.554.07 lakh.
(Para 1.1 of Report No.2 of 2003) Transaction Audit Observations

60

Annexure - I
LIST OF SUBJECTS ALLOCATED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING PART - I The following subjects fall within List I of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India:1. Industries, the control of which by the Union is declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in public interest as far as these relate to development of cattle feed with the limitation that in regard to the development of industries, the functions of the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (Pashupalan aur Dairy Vibhag) do not go further than the formulation of demand and fixation of targets. Livestock Census. Matters relating to loss of livestock due to natural calamities. Fishing and fisheries, inland and marine, Fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters. Fishery Survey of India, Mumbai.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

PART - II The following subjects fall within List III of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India: 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Profession and Veterinary Practice. Prevention of the extension from one State to another of infectious or contagious diseases or pests affecting animals. Pattern of financial assistance to various State Undertakings Dairy Development Schemes either through their own agencies or through the cooperative unions. Operation Flood Programme and all matters pertaining thereto. Technology Mission on Dairy Development.

PART - III For the Union Territories the subjects mentioned in Part I and II above, so far as they exist in regard to these territories and in addition, of the following subjects which fall within List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India :12. 13. 14. Preservation protection and improvement of stocks and prevention of animal disease; veterinary training and practice. Courts of wards. Insurance (Cattle).

61

PART-IV 15. 16. Matters relating to animal husbandry including (a) pounds and cattle trespass (b) cattle utilization and slaughter. All attached and subordinate offices or other organizations concerned with any of the subjects specified in this list.

62

ANNEXURE II
ORGANISATIONAL CHART AND WORK ALLOCATION AMONG DIVISIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING AM

MOS (A)

Secretary (AH&D)

AHC

JS (DD&P)

JS (AH)

JS (A&IC)

JS (Fy)

Adv (Stat) Adv (Stat)

WORK ALLOCATION JOINT SECRETARY (DD&P)


Dairy Development, DMS, NDDB and all matters related to Dairy Division, Sheep & Equine animals, Poultry, Central Poultry Development Organisations

JOINT SECRETARY (A&IC)


Administration, Vigilance, Plan Coordination, Parliament, Trade and Codex Matters, International Cooperation, Official Language and General Coordination

JOINT SECRETARY (AH)


NPCBB, Feed & Fodder, Livestock Health, Central cattle breeding Farms, Central Fodder Development Organisation, Directorate of Animal Health and Meat and Meat Products all matters related to AH Division.

JOINT SECRETARY (Fy)


All Matters related to Fishery Development and all matters related to Fishery Division.

ADVISOR (STAT)
All matters related to Animal Husbandry Statistics Division.

63

Annexure - III
LIST OF ATTACHED/SUBORDINATE OFFICES UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING I. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Animal Husbandry Division

Central Cattle Breeding Farm, P.O. Dhamrod, District Surat, Gujarat. Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Andesh Nagar, District Lakhimpur, (UP). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Similiguda, P.O. Sunabada (Koraput) Orissa. Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Suratgarh (Rajasthan). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Chiplima, P.O. Basantpur, District Sambalpur, (Orissa). 6) Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Avadi, Alamadhi (Madras). 7) Central Cattle Breeding Farm,P.O. Hessarghatta, Bangalore North. 8) Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Hessarghatta, Bangalore North. 9) Central Herd Registration Unit, W-15, Jagdish Colony, Rohtak (Haryana). 10)Central Herd Registration Unit, W-34, G.N.M. Colony, Christian Ganj, Ajmer. 11)Central Herd Registration Unit, 10, Gautam Vihar, Cooperative Society Building, Usmanpura, Ahmedabad. 12)Central Herd Registration Unit, Santhapat, Ongole, District Prakasam (A.P.) 13)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, P.O. Netaji Subhash Sanitorium, Kalyani, District Nadia (West Bengal). 14)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, 48, Rajbagh (Extension) Srinagar (J&K). 15)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Suratgarh (Rajasthan). 16)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, P.O. Textile Mill Hissar (Haryana)_. 17)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, GA 128/2, Sector No. 30, Gandhinagar, (Gujarat). 18)Regional Station For Forage Production & Demonstration, Avadi, Alamadhi, (Madras). 19)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Mamidipally, Via Keshavagiri, Hyderabad. 20)Large Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hessarghatta, Bangalore North. 21)Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, , Kapashera Village, New Delhi. 22)Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, P.O. Pallikarni Village, Madras. 23)Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, P.O. Gopalpur, District 24 parganas (West Bengal). 24)Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Bombay. 25)Central Sheep Breeding Farm, P.O. Box No. 10, Hissar (Haryana). 26)Central Poultry Development Organisation, Southern Region, Hessarghatta, Bangalore North. 27)Central Poultry Development Organisation, Eastern Region, Bhubaneshwar (Orissa). 28)Central Poultry Development Organisation, Western Region, Aarey Milk Colony, Mumbai.

64

29)Central Poultry Development Organisation, Northern Region, Industrial Area, Chandigargh. 30)Random Sample Poultry Performance Testing Centre, 69/4, Urban Estate, Gurgaon (Haryana). II 31. III 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. Dairy Development Division Delhi Milk Scheme, West Patel Nagar, New Delhi. Fisheries Division Central Institute of Coastal Engineering For Fishery, Bangalore Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, Cochin. Integrated Fisheries Project, Cochin. Fisheries Survey of India, Mumbai. Aquaculture Authority, Chennai.

65

66

67

Annexure -V
LIVESTOCK CENSUS 1997: STATEWISE NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY
(In Thouands) State/UTs Cattle Buffalo es Sheep Goats Pigs Horses Mules and ponies Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhatisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu 2Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Daman & Diu D & N Haveli Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry All India 10602 451 8097 24598 8786 88 6749 2401 2174 3175 10831 2491 19497 18072 508 756 33 383 13810 2638 12141 143 9046 1228 20016 2031 17832 60 7 60 5 96 3 73 9658 12 728 5879 1941 40 6285 4823 748 787 4367 111 6648 6073 95 17 5 36 1388 6171 9770 2 2741 18 18996 1094 1233 14 23 4 1 203 0 4 9743 27 84 1956 196 0 2158 1275 1080 3170 8003 3 657 3368 8 17 1 2 1765 436 14585 5 5259 6 1905 311 1462 0 0 0 0 11 0 2 5213 154 2717 20229 2154 13 4386 968 1168 1864 4875 1598 6470 11434 33 280 15 161 5772 414 16971 86 6416 639 11784 1070 15648 71 1 5 20 25 26 41 748 249 1082 924 456 105 198 700 7 12 405 88 375 567 388 351 163 571 602 96 305 27 609 211 3135 32 805 43 3 0 0 31 0 1 7 6 12 120 9 0 14 49 13 141 16 0 55 42 2 2 2 1 0 34 24 5 11 2 216 23 18 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 8 0 0 0 34 18 21 0 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 17 3 0 0 0 84 24 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 37 0 0 28 1 0 74 63 8 23 28 0 49 71 0 1 0 0 0 22 186 0 43 0 245 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 65 104 0 4 0 0 10 3 0 0 0 0 0 30 669 0 0 0 31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 124 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 0 3 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Don- Camel Yaks keys Mithun Total Livestock 36009 1037 12720 53742 13543 247 19930 10417 5223 9229 28526 4291 33768 39630 1051 1424 222 1188 23337 9858 54655 273 24126 2104 56413 4586 36998 188 34 70 26 369 29 121 63396 1292 18210 19890 6771 790 7236 9225 865 5557 21399 18397 7261 35392 3055 2152 1307 2444 18435 11022 4406 221 36511 3595 12116 971 33309 801 304 24 411 647 79 121 Total Poultry

198882

89918

57494 122721 13291

826

220

881

916

177

176 485385

347611

Source : Livestock cnsus Reports of State/UT Governments.

68

Annexure-VI

Production of Major Livestock Products-All India


Year 1950-51 1955-56 1960-61 1968-69 1973-74 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 (Prov.)) 2003-04(T) Milk (Million Tonnes) 17.0 19.0 20.0 21.2 23.2 30.4 31.6 34.3 35.8 38.8 41.5 44.0 46.1 46.7 48.4 51.4 53.9 55.7 58.0 60.6 64.0 66.2 69.1 72.1 75.4 78.3 80.9 85.7 89.38 92.23 Eggs (Million Nos.) 1,832 1,908 2,881 5,300 7,755 9,523 10,060 10,876 11,454 12,792 14,252 16,128 17,310 17,795 18,980 20,204 21,101 21,983 22,929 24,167 25,975 27,187 27,496 28,680 29,476 30,461 36,633 39,092 41,730 43,130 Wool (Million Kgs.) 27.5 27.5 28.7 29.8 30.1 30.9 32.0 33.1 34.5 36.1 38.0 39.1 40.0 40.1 40.8 41.7 41.2 41.6 38.8 39.9 40.6 42.4 44.4 45.6 46.9 47.9 49.2 50.7 52.1 53.6

Source: Compiled form Integrated Sample Survey reports of State Departments of Animal Husbandry

69

Annexure VII STATEWISE FISH PRODUCTION DURING 1997-98 TO 2001-02 State/Union Territory 1997-98 1998-99 410.82 2.30 155.71 237.98 69.02 630.00 32.52 6.79 18.85 255.61 649.22 119.59 520.38 15.31 4.53 2.78 4.50 284.23 44.50 12.00 0.14 469.75 28.41 183.03 995.00 27.44 Neg. 0.02 26.85 4.42 13.54 42.70 1999-00 547.06 2.40 159.77 254.74 65.62 741.28 30.00 7.00 19.01 292.30 667.85 127.43 533.29 15.51 4.68 2.89 5.00 261.24 47.18 12.97 0.14 475.00 29.34 192.71 1,045.70 28.20 0.03 0.03 15.95 4.30 13.60 42.83 (IN '000 TONNES) 2000-01 2001-02 200203(P) 589.69 676.11 827.90 2.50 2.60 2.60 158.62 161.45 165.52 222.16 240.40 261.00 71.57 69.92 76.53 660.74 701.60 777.91 33.04 34.57 35.18 7.02 7.22 7.24 17.51 18.85 19.75 303.38 249.61 266.42 651.81 671.82 678.32 48.84 47.46 42.17 526.10 537.05 514.10 16.05 16.45 16.60 6.18 4.97 5.37 2.86 3.15 3.25 5.50 5.20 5.50 259.64 281.95 287.53 52.00 58.00 66.00 12.12 14.27 25.60 0.14 0.14 0.14 481.42 485.00 437.50 29.42 29.45 29.52 208.29 225.37 249.84 1060.23 1100.10 1120.00 27.68 27.08 28.30 0.08 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.05 16.38 21.52 11.26 3.98 3.20 2.25 12.00 13.65 7.50 43.30 44.50 45.02 43.39 95.76 99.80 9.07 6.42 2.55 42.60 101.00 45.38 30.00 NA NA 5655.35 5955.93 6199.68

1. Andhra Pradesh 372.85 2. Arunachal Pradesh 2.13 3. Assam 155.13 4. Bihar 208.54 5. Goa 92.05 6. Gujarat 816.50 7. Haryana 32.05 8. Himachal Pradesh 6.69 9. Jammu & Kashmir 18.53 10. Karnataka 285.13 11. Kerala 583.86 12. Madhya Pradesh 115.16 13. Maharashtra 580.00 14. Manipur 13.70 15. Meghalaya 3.08 16. Mizoram 2.70 17. Nagaland 3.70 18. Orissa 309.51 19. Punjab 36.00 20. Rajasthan 15.10 21. Sikkim 0.14 22. Tamil Nadu 464.60 23. Tripura 27.91 24. Uttar Pradesh 160.01 25. West Bengal 950.02 26. A & N Islands 27.27 27. Chandigarh Neg 28. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0.01 29. Daman & Diu 18.81 30. Delhi 4.20 31. Lakshadweep 10.55 32. Pondicherry 42.52 33. Chattisgarh 34. Uttaranchal 35. Jharkhand 36. Deep Sea Fishing 30.00 Total 5388.47 P :- Provisjional N.A- Not Available Source: States/ Union Territories.

30.00 5297.94

30.00 5675.03

70

Annexure VIII

FISH SEED PRODUCTION Year 1973-74 (End of IV th Plan) 1978-79 (End of V th Plan) 1984-85(End of VI th Plan) VIIth Plan 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 Annual Plans 1990-91 1991-92 VIIIth Plan 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 IXth Plan 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 XTH Plan 2002-2003(Provisional) Fish Seed (In Million Fry) 409 912 5,639 6,322 7,601 8,608 9,325 9,691 10,332 12,203 12,499 14,249 14,544 15,007 15,853 15,904 15,346 16,589 15,608 15,758 16,333

71

Annexure IX MARINE FISHERIES RESOURCES OF INDIA


S.No . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. State/Union Territory Andhra Pradesh Goa Gujarat Karnataka Kerala (P) Maharashtra Orissa Tamil Nadu West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands (P) Daman & Diu (P) Lakshadweep (P) Pondicherry Continental Shelf (000 Sq Kms.) 33 10 164 27 40 112 24 41 17 35 4 1 508 Number of Landing Centres 508 88 190 29 226 184 63 362 65 57 7 11 28 1822 Number of fishing Villages 508 72 190 221 222 395 329 446 652 45 31 10 45 3571 App. Length of Coast Line (Kms.) 974 104 1600 300 590 720 480 1070 158 1912 27 132 45 8118

TOTAL
(P) - Provisional

Source: State Governments/ Union Territories.

72

INLAND WATER RESOURCES OF INDIA

Annexure X
S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. State/UTs Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan (P) Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry Total Rivers & Reservoirs Tanks & Floodplain/Lakes Brackish Canals (Lakh Ha) Ponds & Derelict water water (Kms.) (Lakh Ha) bodies(Lakh Ha) (Lakh Ha) 13,891 2.34 4.63 1.50 2,000 2.50 2.00 4,820 0.02 0.26 1.27 2,000 0.06 0.64 0.40 3,573 0.84 0.63 1.47 250 0.03 0.03 3,865 2.43 0.71 0.12 3.76 5,000 0.09 0.10 0.30 3,000 0.42 0.01 27,781 0.07 0.24 0.06 1,200 0.94 0.29 9,000 2.11 2.90 0.08 3,092 0.30 0.30 2.43 2.43 17088 2.27 0.60 16,000 2.79 0.59 0.10 3,360 0.01 0.05 0.04 3,194 0.08 0.02 Neg 1,750 0.02 1,600 0.03 0.50 Neg 7,219 1.96 1.16 1.80 4.18 15,270 Neg 0.07 6,802 1.20 1.80 900 1.20 0.03 7,420 0.52 2.56 0.07 0.56 1,200 0.05 0.13 28,500 1.38 1.61 1.33 2,686 0.20 Neg Neg 2,526 0.17 2.76 0.42 2.10 115 0.01 0.03 0.37 2 54 12 150 247 195,567 0.05 0.04 21.61 Neg Neg Neg 25.15 Neg 0.01 9.98 Neg 0.01 16.86

(P) - Provisional Source: State Govts/ Union Territories.

73

Annexure-XI
State-wise details of Veterinary Institutions S. No. States/Union Territories Veterinary Hospitals / Polyclinics 285 1 26 62 4 14 553 334 195 244 278 772 31 55 4 5 4 13 1261 1319 12 168 9 2044 110 10 5 1 0 48 2 3 7872 (As on 31-03-1999) Veterinary Veterinary Aid Dispensaries Centre / Stockmen Centre / Mobile Dispensaries 1808 2889 93 169 434 1213 1154 3832 26 52 453 553 857 751 1520 14 146 460 803 2191 831 22 2445 90 1156 2134 101 29 59 79 40 101 27 133 527 2937 1535 45 285 1276 25 58 828 4649 44 371 2973 2720 612 1360 8 41 8 1 0 10 2 3 24 1 7 7 14 4 18845 28195

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12 13. 14. 15. 16 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar * Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh $ Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh # West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry TOTAL

* Including Jharkhand, $ Including Chattishgarh, # Including Uttaranchal Source : Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics 2002

74

Annexure-XII
IMPORT AND EXPORT OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SCREENED BY ANIMAL QUARANTINE AND CERTIFICATION SERVICE STATIONS DURING 2002-2003 AND 2003-2004 (Upto November 2003)
S.N.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

Item
Equines (Nos) Dogs ( Nos) Cats (Nos) Cattle & Buffalos ( Nos) Zoo/Wild animals (Nos) Lab. Animals(Guinea pigs/Rats/Mice etc.) (Nos) Reptiles(Crocodiles/Tortoise etc) Birds/Parakeets (Nos) Day Old Chicks (Nos) Duckling (Nos) Hatching Eggs (Nos) SPF eggs-Poultry (Nos) SPF eggs-Duck (Nos) Vaccines (Vials/Unit/Million doses) Aquarium fish (Pcs.) Gelatin (Kg.) Gelatin Capsule (Pcs.) Ossian (Kg.) Cat-Guts (Dzn./Kg.) Pet Food (Kg.) Cheese (Kg./Tin/Box/Pcs.) Cheese Powder (Kg.) Ghee (Kg.) Ice Cream (Kg.) Milk & Milk Products (Fat / Food / etc.) in MT. Frozen. Carcass (Sheep/Goat) Meat & Meat Products (Lamb meat/Chicken meat/ Pork Peporoni / Poultry Products / Turkey meat etc) Bone & Bone products/crushed bone/Lamb bone etc. (MT./Pcs.) Buffalo horn button (MT../Pcs.) Butter (MT.) Feather (MT./Pkt./Pcs.) Raw Hide Buffalo (MT.) Fish & Fish Products (Chilled/ Frozen/Food/Meal/Lipid oil/Paste/ Powder/Shrimp etc)

Import 2002-03
70 278 44 201 215 1831 12 70019 542140 334040 31530 431316 111085 Kg. 847 Tin,154 Pcs. 9600 Kg 12274.16 MT. 39319.38 MT. 155 Cases 48 Pcs. 1.988 MT. 23276.315 MT. 101 Tin 880 Carton

2003-04
12 232 48 93 1368 516 18 67518 1625 323780 189000 28275 224556 72851 Kg. 96 Boxes,94 Pcs. 12258 Kg. 10743 Kg. 420469 MT 39.847 MT. 200 Pairs 63.605 MT. 400.00 MT. 176.174 MT. 25183.945 MT -

Export 2002-03
23 314 77 14 2 682328 400397 7295 vials, 15 units,10.815 40922 657616 986740000 15666 Dzn. 504.6 Kg. 85.00 MT. 15.22 Kg. 2106.3 MT. 4800 Pcs. 410.385 MT. 7063950 Pcs. 106.318 MT. 1957 Pkt.,596 Pcs. -

2003-04
14 199 50 5 3 15 672273 273390 700 vials, 5.84 45365 548304 54000 2875 Dzn. 263 Kg. 0.5 MT. 10.00 MT. 1567.07 MT. 1692.02 MT. 1136.595 MT. 1090 Pcs. 36.937 MT. 2000 Pcs. 1.74 MT. 17.3 MT. -

75

Annexure-XIII
INCIDENCE OF OIE LIST A, LIST B AND OTHER DISEASES IN ANIMALS IN INDIA DURING 2002 (JANUARY-DECEMBER) Sl.No. Disease Name Species Outbreak 2236 515 278 10 526 306 656 17 97 4 26 543 50 30 101 122 13 12 758 29 7 190 241 812 587 34 2 8 6 419 61 7 281 25 Number of Attack 53632 9499 4559 21 2539 1875 2644 97 368 51 326 77653 197 733 1361 3436 154 1139 8418 93 270 9546 291375 160183 165315 11194 32 1384 11 15597 8283 428 190140 1660 Death 1204 74 132 1 853 642 1273 66 235 13 292 97 0 0 236 612 46 164 4 0 3 753 13189 37878 27938 227 0 0 0 1235 1566 125 19500 681

1.

Foot and mouth disease Haemorrhagic septicaemia Black quarter Anthrax Fascioliasis Enterotoxaemia Sheep pox and goat pox Bluetongue Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Amphistomiasis Swine fever Fowl typhoid Ranikhet (New castle) disease Coccidiosis

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Bovine Buffalo Ovine/Caprine Swine Bovine Buffalo Bovine Buffalo Bovine Buffalo Ovine/Caprine Bovine Buffalo Ovine/Caprine Ovine/Caprine Ovine/Caprine Ovine/Caprine Caprine Bovine Buffalo Ovine/Caprine Swine Avian Avian Avian Bovine Buffalo Ovine/Caprine Swine Avian Avian Avian Avian Avian

15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

Fowl pox Fowl cholera Mareks disease Infectious bursal (Gumboro) disease Duck plague

76

Sl.No.

Disease Name

Species Outbreak 126 2 14 5 12 3 118 103 11 5 1 15 3 76 28

Number of Attack 420 16 214 7 396 6 134769 3883 21 124 1 19 280 7091 25001 Death 420 16 214 7 1 0 6905 47 2 5 0 0 0 1370 409

20.

Rabies

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28.

Brucellosis Chronic respiratory disease Babesiosis Anaplasmosis Surra(Trypanosoma evansi) Sheep mange Peste Des Petits Ruminants(PPR) Infectious Coryza

Bovine Buffalo Canine Ovine/Caprine Bovine Buffalo Avian Bovine Buffalo Bovine Equine Camel Ovine Ovine/Caprine Avian

77

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