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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater 0.5W


Installation and Operation Manual

April 2007 Document No. 9130010700 Rev. 1.0


Document No.9130010700 Ver. 1.0 i Celletra Proprietary

Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Copyright
All data and information contained in or disclosed by this document is confidential and proprietary information of Celletra Ltd and all rights therein are expressly reserved. By accepting this material, the recipient agrees that this material and the information contained therein is held in confidence and in trust and will not be used, copied, reproduced in whole or in part, nor its Contents revealed in any manner to others, without the explicit written permission of Celletra Ltd. Copyright 2007 Celletra Ltd. Celletra Ltd. reserves the right to change specifications without notice.

*All third-party trademarks are the properties of their registered owners.

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Preface
This manual provides instructions for mounting, setting-up, and monitoring Celletras CDMA RF Repeater. The RF Repeater is used to enhance the performance of CDMA networks by improving the coverage of the base station and increasing its traffic. Celletras Repeater may be secured to an interior wall.

Records of Changes

Change 1.0

Description Release

Initiated by Ram Dishon

Date April 2007

Safety Information
This section describes the use of warnings, cautions, and notes in this manual. It is the users responsibility to follow all safety instructions and regulations.

NOTE: Notes clarify issues.

CAUTION This symbol indicates special CAUTION required in a procedure. CAUTION signs prevent actions that may result in equipment malfunction or damage.

WARNING WARNING signs prevent actions that may result in harm to personnel.

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Installation and Operation Manual

FCC Part 15A Compliance Statement


This device complies with Part 15 Class A of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate Radio Frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communication. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.

CAUTION Changes or Modifications not expressly approved by Celletra Ltd. could void the users authority to operate the equipment.

For customer and technical support, contact www.celletra.com or send an E-mail to support@celletra.com

WARRANTY
Celletra Ltd. warrants its products as per agreement.

Exclusions
The warranty (as per the agreement) shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate use, unauthorized modifications or misuse.

Warranty Limitations
Under no circumstances will Celletra Ltd. be liable in any way to the user or any third party for damages, including any loss of profits, lost savings, or other incidental or consequential damages arising out of the use of, or inability to use, the product.

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Installation and Operation Manual

System Measurement and Testing Warnings

WARNING Always make sure that the Unit Under Test is properly grounded. When testing the units in the lab or during field installation, always practice RF radiation safety rules. It is not recommended for service or lab personnel to work closer than two meters from the Repeater antenna surfaces when it is operating.

CAUTIONS Switch off the power to the unit before connecting or disconnecting any cable. Do not connect or disconnect the coaxial connectors while power is applied to the Repeater. Do not apply more than +10dBm of RF input power to any RF port of the Repeater system, or irreversible damage may occur. When measuring high power outputs, always verify that the equipment input port is capable of handling the expected output power. During lab or field tests, with power applied to the Repeater, do not use any mobile transmitters in a range of less than 10 meters from the unit. An unexpectedly high RF power might appear at the output ports, which might in turn damage the measuring equipment connected to that port.

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Celletra Proprietary

Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Glossary
ALC BDA BT BTS CCMS dB dBm DL HPA LNA LPU M&C MS mW NF NOC PA RF RSM Rx TDR Tx UL Automatic Level Control Bi-Directional Amplifier Bias T Base Transceiver Station Celletra Monitoring and Control Software Decibel measurement of gain and loss Decibel measurement of power, related to 1mW Down-link High Power Amplifier Low Noise Amplifier Low Power Unit Monitoring and Control Mobile Station Milliwatt Noise Figure Network Operating Center Power Amplifier Radio Frequency Repeater System Manager, previous version of CCMS Receive Time-Domain Reflectometer Transmit Up-link

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1
1.1About Celletras Cellular RF Repeaters ..............................................................................................1 1.2CDMA RF Repeater System Description............................................................................................2 1.2.1General Description ..............................................................................................................2 1.2.3Major Advantages ................................................................................................................3

Chapter 2.

Installation Procedure ......................................................................................... 5

2.1Pre-installation Procedures ................................................................................................................5 2.1.1Receiving and Inspecting the Repeater ...................................................................................5 2.1.2Required Tools and Test Equipment.......................................................................................7 2.2Run Sweep Test ...............................................................................................................................7 2.3Mount the Donor and Distribution Antennas .......................................................................................8 2.3.1Mount the Antennas..............................................................................................................8 2.3.2Measure Donor BTS Power. ..................................................................................................8 2.3.3Align the Distribution Antenna ..............................................................................................9 2.3.4Measure The Isolation Between Antennas ..............................................................................9 2.4Mount the Repeater ........................................................................................................................10 2.4.1Precautions ........................................................................................................................10 2.4.2Repeater Unit Installation - General Instructions ...................................................................10 2.4.3Sealing and Weatherproofing...............................................................................................11 2.4.4Repeater Mounting .............................................................................................................11 2.4.5Cables Connection..............................................................................................................11 2.5Prepare the Electrical Power Connections.........................................................................................12 2.6Repeater Connections Panel ............................................................................................................12

Chapter 3.

Repeater System Setup and Alignment ............................................................. 13

3.1Introduction. ..................................................................................................................................13 3.1.1CCMS features:..................................................................................................................13 3.2CCMS installation-Preceding Steps..................................................................................................14 3.3CCMS installation ..........................................................................................................................14 3.3.1Power-On the Repeater .......................................................................................................17 3.4Initial CCMS Launch......................................................................................................................17 3.4.1Authorization levels............................................................................................................17 3.4.2Define COMM Settings and Connection Type ......................................................................19 3.5Navigate the Repeater Setup and Configuration Screens ....................................................................22 3.5.1Main (Power) Screen- Status and Control .............................................................................22 3.6Set the Repeater Identification and Clock .........................................................................................23 3.6.1Repeater Name and Number ................................................................................................23 3.6.2Repeater Time and Date ......................................................................................................24 3.7Set the Repeater Parameters ............................................................................................................25 3.7.1Channel Frequency Index....................................................................................................26 3.8Setting-Up And Monitoring The Repeater Using The Keypad And LCD.............................................27 3.9Repeater System setup instructions ..................................................................................................30 3.9.1ALC setting .......................................................................................................................30 3.9.2Repeater DL Gain Setting ...................................................................................................31 3.9.3Repeater UL Gain Setting ...................................................................................................31 3.9.4Repeater UL Optimization...................................................................................................32 Document No.9130010700 Ver. 1.0 vii Celletra Proprietary

Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

3.10Noise Rise Check......................................................................................................................... 32

Chapter 4.

In Service Monitoring ....................................................................................... 34

4.1Launch Local CCMS...................................................................................................................... 34 4.2Launch CCMS Via Modem (Optional) ............................................................................................ 34 4.3Access the System ......................................................................................................................... 35 4.4System Monitoring......................................................................................................................... 36

Chapter 5.

Troubleshooting The Repeater System .............................................................. 38

5.1Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................. 38 5.2Alarms .......................................................................................................................................... 40 5.2.1LEDs Description .............................................................................................................. 42 5.3Log File ........................................................................................................................................ 42 5.3.1Access the Log .................................................................................................................. 42 5.3.2Store the Log ..................................................................................................................... 43 5.3.3View as HTML.................................................................................................................. 44

Appendix A. Frequency Range ........................................................................................... 45 Appendix B. Connectors & Cables Pin-Out ........................................................................ 46
RS232 Connector Pin -out.......................................................................................................... 46 Power Cable Pin-out.................................................................................................................. 47

Appendix C. Dimensions.................................................................................................... 48 Appendix D. Records ......................................................................................................... 49

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Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 About Celletras Cellular RF Repeaters
Celletras Cellular CDMA RF Repeaters provide Up-link (UL) and Down-link (DL) cell coverage extension. They serve as a sophisticated wireless bidirectional boosters, sensing and re-amplifying the RF cellular transmission in DL (from the donor base-station to the mobile users), and in UL (from the mobile-users to the donor base-station), simultaneously. Coverage extension results in increasing traffic through the donor base station, thus improving utilization of the Base Transceiver Station (BTS) resources. Optimization of this network involves -above all- coverage and interference control. Repeaters in the CDMA network are therefore interactive with the donor cell and the neighbouring cells, and require flexible tuning and control. Their effectiveness depends highly on these and other features.

Overall Unique Advantages The Celletra Repeater product line shares unique features for exceptional coverage, low impact on the cell, high controllability, and low maintenance cost. The repeater system guarantees low Noise Figure (NF), high power efficiency, unique flexibility in installation, and high reliability.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

1.2 CDMA RF Repeater System Description


The block diagram below describes the Repeater system configuration.

Main Ant Donor Ant

LPU6 CELL NODIV 4 CARRIERS D/L Donor 2W DPLX

CPLR
Comm

LPU6
U/L LCD

PSI

P.S

RVS Monitor

LED

RS232

220VAC Mon RVS SMA female Mon FWD SMA female

LEDs red green

Donor N Type female

Main RS232 N Type female DB9 Female

220VAC

Figure 1-1: Repeater Block Diagram

1.2.1 General Description


Celletra CDMA RF Repeater consists of one unit. The Repeater, installed in the remote site, receives the DL channel, amplifies it into the service (disribution) antenna, thus providing the extended coverage. The UL channel is processed similarly, in a reverse manner. This integrated structure provides the advantage of easy installation and maintenance.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

1.2.3 Major Advantages


The Celletra heterodyne Cellular repeaters are robust cost-effective coverage extension solutions.

Simple Local Setting


Full setup of the repeater can be accomplished using the local keypad, without a PC.

Exceptional Coverage
Low system NF Very High gains High linearity

Minimum Impact on Cell


Low NF More capacity provided by the low NF Wide range gain control for performance optimization

Extremely High Reliability


Integrated electronics, internal built-in test Automatic shut-down mechanism ALC function on UL and DL

Exceptional Flexibility
Easy installation Easy maintenance with simple M&C access to Repeater components

Automatic Level Control (ALC) for Oscillation Prevention


ALC range of more than 15dB beyond the maximum output power. This function stabilizes the system against over-power undesireable effects.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Channel Selection
The repeater enables flexible software controled channel selection, using the CCMS tool.

Channel selection should be within the system specified frequency range.

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Chapter 2. Installation Procedure


NOTE: Installing a RF Repeater requires a site plan, which is a document defining the planned parameters of the cellular network. Parameters include the channel number in use, the azimuth to the donor sector, desired Repeaters coverage area, gain settings, and antenna location. If necessary, consult your network administrator for more information.

2.1 Pre-installation Procedures


2.1.1 Receiving and Inspecting the Repeater

CAUTION Verify that the shipment is complete and undamaged. If the boxes appear damaged, do not open the shipment.

Follow this procedure prior to installation: 1. Unpack the shipment box. 2. Verify the contents of the box against the packing list. 3. Inspect the Repeater unit for possible damage. The items in Table 2-1 are required for the installation. They are supplied separately from the installation kit.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Table 2-1: Complementary installation equipment


Type Documentation Software Description This Installation and Operation manual Celletra Control and Monitoring Software (CCMS) CD, ready for installation. This software sets up and tunes the Repeater during installation. RF cables from donor antenna to Repeater and distribution antenna to Repeater Communication cable for setting and maintenance, using a PC Antennas Donor and distribution antennas Vendor Celletra

Celletra Customer Customer Customer

Cables

Table 2-2: Repeater system installation set Supplier


Celletra Celletra Celletra

Part Number
811037903 3340408 913010700

Description
CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W AC Power cable Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W, Installation and Operation Manual (this manual) Donor antenna Distribution antenna

Quantity
1 1 1

Customer Customer

1 1

The contents of the installation set may change without notice.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

2.1.2 Required Tools and Test Equipment


Table 2-3: Tools and test equipment for Repeater installation Equipment
Digital Voltmeter Fluke 77 or equivalent Pilot Scanner Frequency domain Reflectometer Network Analyzer (optional) Signal Generator Spectrum Analyzer 30dB 50W attenuator Type N 50 Termination (1 unit) Standard calibrated jumper cables Laptop PC equipped with Windows 98, NT, Windows 2000 with Service Pack 3 or Windows XP.

Use
Measure voltage and polarity for the installation process Measure donor pilot signal levels Check Insertion loss and VSWR for system RF Cables Check Insertion loss and VSWR for system RF Cables Check Isolation between antennas Check Repeater Output Power Protect RF Test equipment from overpowered signals Terminate antenna port during off-air test procedures Test equipment usage Configure, control, and monitor the Repeater using the CCMS software through the RS-232 communication port

NOTE: For antenna installation tools, refer to your antenna installation guide.

2.2 Run Sweep Test


Before installing the Repeater, run a sweep test of all RF cables and record the cables loss. Perform the sweep test using a Time-Domain Reflectometer (TDR) or a Network Analyzer. Perform open/short tests on the donor and distribution RF cables. Record in Appendix D the following parameters for each RF cable: o o Insertion loss of the cable Return loss (VSWR)

If you detect a fault in any of the cables, repair it and re-check until all the cables are good.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

2.3 Mount the Donor and Distribution Antennas


The donor and distribution antennas are supplied by the Customer. Perform the following steps, described in detail in later sections: Mounting the antennas in their selected positions Connecting the cables Testing the isolation between the antennas.

2.3.1 Mount the Antennas


NOTE: Be sure to mount and align the donor and distribution antennas according to the manufacturers instructions and the location parameters that affect the radiation pattern.

To achieve the required isolation between the two antennas, mount them on opposite walls of the same building
NOTE: If the site conditions do not allow for the required isolation under the given conditions, isolation screens (not supplied by Celletra) may be used to provide the necessary results.

2.3.2 Measure Donor BTS Power.


Refer to Figure 2-1. 1. Connect a Power Meter to the Donor Antenna jumper in order to verify that the requested sector is relayed. 2. Tune the antenna azimuth and elevation for signal reception. 3. Fine-tune the donor antenna for the maximum signal strength and tighten the azimuth and elevation adjustments. 4. Record the maximum RSSI level at the donor antenna port: Power Reading: _________[dBm]

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Donor Antenna

Crossed Polarized Distribution Antenna

Donor Antenna Jumper Cable

Donor Antenna Cable

Power Meter
Donor Antenna Jumper Cable

Donor Antenna Port

Repeater

Figure 2-1: Donor BTS Power Measurement Setup

5. Tighten and secure all donor antenna screws according to the antenna vendors instructions.

2.3.3 Align the Distribution Antenna


The distribution antenna alignment is done according to planned coverage requirements.

2.3.4 Measure The Isolation Between Antennas


Use the cables from the previous section to perform the isolation test. Connect a signal generator instead of the power meter and a spectrum analyzer instead of the Repeater.
Note: Make sure that the power meter operates in Peak Mode!

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

Isolation= PSG - CLSG - CLSA - PSA


Where: Isolation = Isolation between the antennas in dB.

PSG CLSG CLSA PSA

= Signal generator output power [dBm]. = Signal generator cable loss [dB] (positive value of loss). = Spectrum analyzer cable loss [dB] (positive value of loss). = Spectrum Analyzer power reading [dBm].

NOTE: Correct isolation between the antennas ensures the Repeater will work with the required gain without going into oscillations. If the isolation is not sufficient, it will be necessary to reduce the Repeater gain affecting the Repeater coverage area.

2.4 Mount the Repeater


2.4.1 Precautions

CAUTION The Repeater is an electrical equipment and should be treated accordingly.

CAUTIONS Always shut down AC supply to the Repeater before handling, replacing, or removing the unit from the tower.

2.4.2 Repeater Unit Installation - General Instructions


See detailed dimensions of the mounting hardware in Appendix C.

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Installation and Operation Manual

RF coaxial cables connecting the Repeater: Type: low loss type Diameter: 1/2 or 7/8" Length: The cables should be as short as possible. Cable length should not exceed 100m.

2.4.3 Sealing and Weatherproofing


Sealing and weatherproofing RF connectors is of prime importance to assure good electrical contact for long term service and prevent passive RF intermodulation effects. Thus, special care should be taken with the RF connectors sealing and weatherproofing. For sealing instructions, refer, for example, to Andrews weatherproofing recommendations with 3MTM Cold ShrinkTM Weatherproofing Kit, or an equivalent sealing method.

CAUTION Improper sealing can cause damage not covered by the Celletra warranty.

2.4.4 Repeater Mounting


Wall Mounting 1. Select a location that will enable free air flow, away from heaters. 2. Secure the unit to the wall using suitable dowels and screws. See holes spacing dimensions in appendix C. 3. Keep minimum spacing of 30 cm from Repeater top to the ceiling.

2.4.5 Cables Connection


1. Connect the grounding cable. Use AWG #6 copper wire, with ternminations that accommodate screws, to either earth-ground or the ground-rod of the building. The ground-lugs are located on the body of the repeater, close to the power connector. Tighten the ground nut. 2. Connect the required RF cables to donor and distribution antennas.

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Installation and Operation Manual

2.5 Prepare the Electrical Power Connections

WARNING Recap the power and communication connectors until the Repeater is ready to be set up. Do not connect the power yet.

CAUTION Power to the Repeater site must be supplied according to the safety standards in the corresponding country (grounded outlets, circuit breaker, conduits, etc.).

The power cable is supplied by Celletra and is described in Appendix B. It is recommended to install a small junction box containing a 6A circuit breaker before the power cable. Installation of an ELCB (Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker) is highly recommended. Note that the power receptacle on the repeater includes a fuse rated 5A and a spare one. When replacing the fuse, observe the orientation of the fuse holder.

2.6 Repeater Connections Panel

To Donor Antenna

Power Cable

To C&M PC

To Service Antenna

Ground

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Chapter 3. Repeater System Setup and Alignment


3.1 Introduction.
NOTE: If your computer has already RSM software installed, you can install the CCMS software side by side with it (no need to remove the RSM). Use the software, which complies with the system on hand. Neither damage to hardware nor to software will be caused if you use the wrong software; just switch back to the correct one.

3.1.1 CCMS features:


Repeater monitoring Repeater control: setting and tuning Local (direct) connection to the Repeater Remote (via wireless modem) to the Repeater Monitor and control of a distributed network RF Repaters System or other Celletra products

Follow the steps in this chapter to install and set up the CCMS software for initial use.

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Cellular CDMA RF Repeater, 0.5W

Installation and Operation Manual

3.2 CCMS installation-Preceding Steps


PC Requirements:
The CCMS should be running with Internet Explorer 6 or higher. If former version is found- upgrade the Explorer with the following file ie6setup.exe (or higher). The CCMS is based on the .net framework. Prior to the first installation please run the dotnetfx file. The installation disk contains the following: Internet explorer 6 ( ie6setup) Dotnet (dotnetfx)

3.3 CCMS installation


Open the directory CCMS X.X.XXX in the installation disk. Run the installation by double icon. The following screen appears, clicking on this click Next

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Figure 3-1

The next screen (Figure 3-2) appears. Choose if other users will be able to use the CCMS beside yourself by marking Everyone Or Just me. Then click Next.

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Figure 3-2

Installation and Operation Manual

The installation is ready to start, click Next (Figure 3-3) to start installation.

Figure 3-3

The installation should be now in process , wait for the procces bar to end , when the Next tab become active click Next .

Figure 3-4

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Installation and Operation Manual

When the screen below appears (figure 3-5) , indicating that the setup was completed succesfully click Close

Figure 3-5

The CCMS installation is now completed.

3.3.1 Power-On the Repeater


Power-on the Repeater by connecting the power-cord from the Repeater to the power outlet.

3.4 Initial CCMS Launch


Double-click the CCMS icon on your desktop. After several seconds, the CCMS menu bar appears.

3.4.1 Authorization levels

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Installation and Operation Manual

AUTHORIZATION
First time access to the system does not require you to enter a password. You will automatically be granted the authorization of an Administrator.

NOTE: The passwords for all authorization levels should be defined at this stage.

After the first time you use CCMS, you will access the software with one of these authorization levels.

User

No password is required. Shows most definitions and some monitored parameter values. No editing is permitted. Similar to User

Intermediate

Administrator Provides access to all configuration and editing options including password changes.

Access the system at the appropriate level by entering the corresponding password.

AUTHORIZATION
This symbol alerts you to the authorization level required for the different procedures described below.

Define Passwords

AUTHORIZATION
Administrators can perform this procedure.

The User authorization level does not require password definition. From the Password menu, choose Change Password. The following screen appears.
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Figure 3-6: Password Entry

Choose the security level by drilling down the security level tab. Type the suitable pasword for the security level. Click OK. NOTE: All authorization levels revert to User level after five
minutes of inactivity.

Access the System


Access the system at the appropriate level by entering the corresponding password.

3.4.2 Define COMM Settings and Connection Type


You may set up and monitor the Repeater either locally or remotely via the wireless modem in the Repeater (optional). Remote connection is established through a modem, as shown in Figure 3-7.

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Installation and Operation Manual

Local Connection
PC

Repeater

Remote Connection A.
Repeater Wireline Modem

Hardware Required for Remote connection

Case
PC

Repeater Modem Wireless Wireless

PC Modem Wireline Wireless

B. Wireless
Repeater Modem

A B

Figure 3-7: Connection Types

Connect to the Repeater as follows: Connect the cables Local connection Remote connection (Optional) Connect an RS-232 cable between the serial port on the PC and the RS-232 port on the Repeater Connect the PC modem port to a phone or modem connection

Click the CommSetting menu. The Comm Port dialog appears

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Installation and Operation Manual

Figure 3-8: Connection Types Screen

Under Available Comm Ports, click the radiobutton corresponding to your PC available Comm port. Under Communication Type, click the radiobutton corresponding to the type of communication desired: RS-232 for local, Modem for remote. Click Apply.

The following screen will appear:

Figure 3-9: Wait Screen

After finishing the connecting process, the CCMS main screen will appear.

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3.5 Navigate the Repeater Setup and Configuration Screens


All Repeater setup and configuration functions are implemented from a single menu option. To access the Repeater setup, click the System menu. The following tabs appear.

Power Tab Frequency Tab Modem Definitions Tab

For setup. Contains site information, gains, and power monitoring. For setting the desired frequency channel. Shows current definitions for remote access.

3.5.1 Main (Power) Screen- Status and Control


Figure 3-14 shows the screen that appears when you click the Power tab.

Figure 3-10: Main (Power) Screen

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AUTHORIZATION
User and Intermediate levels users are only authorized to monitor parameters. Administrator level users are authorized to monitor and change parameters.

NOTE: Fields with white backgrounds can be modified. Other


fields (with black and gray backgrounds) are only for display.

To make changes to displayed parameters: Click the Stop Refresh button so that the data stops being updated on the screen. Make your modifications. Click Apply to save your changes, or Refresh to cancel. You may be asked to confirm your changes. Wait (approximately 2 sec) for the changes to take effect. Click X in the top right corner to close the dialog, or GUI menu bar + close.

3.6 Set the Repeater Identification and Clock


When status messages are sent by the Repeater to the CCMS, the specific Repeater sending the information is identified according to the following parameters: Repeater number Site name Time stamp set by real-time clock settings Contact information (or call-back number)

3.6.1 Repeater Name and Number

AUTHORIZATION
Administrators can perform this procedure.

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The Repeater identification details are for your record-keeping. Change them in accordance with your company policy. On the main (Power) CCMS screen key-in the System Number , System Name.

Figure 3-11: Keying System Number and Name

Key-in a system name (alphanumeric) using a maximum of 20 characters. (You must enter both a name and a number.)

3.6.2 Repeater Time and Date

AUTHORIZATION
Administrators can perform this procedure.

NOTE: This procedure sets the Repeater date and time to the corresponding values on the PC. To ensure that the generated logs are accurate, check that the PC date and time are correct.

To set the time and date for the Repeater: Select the CTRL tab. Click on the RTC tab , the next screen appears .

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Figure 3-12: Keying Date and Time

Set time and date and click Apply. Use the cursor to highlight the CTRLR Time box. If your current authorization level is User or Intermediate, you are prompted to enter the Admin Password. Press the Delete button on the keyboard. Click Apply twice. The time updates automatically according to the time on your PC. Click OK.

3.7 Set the Repeater Parameters


AUTHORIZATION
Administrators can perform this procedure.

Define the following parameters according to information provided by the system RF designer. Select the Power tab. Click Stop Refresh. Verify that the distribution PA is OFF. Set the following parameters (descriptions given in the corresponding sub-sections below): ALC Levels for DL and UL Click Stop Refresh, set the parameter and click Apply Set DL Gain Click Stop Refresh, set the parameter and click Apply

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Set UL Gain Click Stop Refresh, set the parameter and click Apply Set all the PAs back ON. Click Apply.

3.7.1 Channel Frequency Index


Select the Frequency tab. Set the frequency of the channel in the frequency screen area,. See figure 3-13. The actual screen may differ slightly from this figure.

Figure 3-13: Frequency Screen

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3.8 Setting-Up And Monitoring The Repeater Using The Keypad And LCD
In addition to operation with CCMS and PC, the repeater can be controlled and monitored using the keypad and LCD.

LCD 85 x 30

Esc

Enter

Figure 3-14: Keypad and LCD

Once the repeater is powered, the following message appears while booting:
Initializing

And after up to 40 Seconds:

SYSTEM OK FWD POWER 27 dBm

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This is the normal operating condition output power monitoring. If the system is faulty, the message will be SYSTEM FAIL. In order to enter the Menu, key-in the authorization code. The password is Enter, Left, Right. The Authorization Code can be changed via the CCMS. The message Gain appears. See Figure 3-15

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Steady State Display

Authorization

Gain Set

Frequency Set

Keypad Lock by User or Timeout

PA Alarms

ALC

DL gain Channelizer 1

DL Freq Channelizer 1

Alarm 1 Status Display Service PA Mute/Activate If activated, display Service TX Power

Service ALC Enable/Disable

UL gain Channelizer 1

DL Freq Channelizer 2 (Option)

up to N (in case of more them one alarm)

Service ALC Set Level

DL gain Channelizer 2 (Option)

Alarm N Status Display DL Freq Channelizer 3 (Option) Donor ALC Enable/Disable

UL gain Channelizer 2 (Option)

Donor ALC Set Level Link PA Mute/Activate If activated, display Donor TX Power

DL gain Channelizer 3 (Option)

UL gain Channelizer 3 (Option)

Figure 3-15: LCD Mode Menu Diagram

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From this point, the following functions are accessed by pressing the Right or Left keys: Gain <> Frequency <> Lock <> Alarms <> PA <> ALC <> Donor Pin Level

Pressing Enter when one of the above appears leads to its sub-menu. Again, the functions of the sub-menus are accessed by pressing the Right or Left keys. When changing the frequency, each keystroke advances the frequency groups a<>a1<>b<>c, and the display shows the respective channels numbers. Changing the values of these functions is done by pressing Enter, then the Up or Down keys and Enter again, to confirm the changed value. In addition, there is a graphical bar display of the Donor Pin level. One star is the minimum (-75 dBm), 8 stars are the maximum (-30 dBm). The three digits at the end are the power in dBm. In order to exit the system, return to Lock in the menu and press Enter.

Notes: The first pressed key will turn on the backlight, which will turn off within 10 seconds if no other key is pressed. The system reverts to Lock state after 10 minutes of inactivity. The system has only one security level of Administrator when using the keypad and LCD. This level enables monitoring and changing parameters.

3.9 Repeater System setup instructions


Note that all power measurements should be made in Peak Mode!

3.9.1 ALC setting


Set the DL ALC to 28 dBm. Set the UL ALC to 20 dBm.

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3.9.2 Repeater DL Gain Setting


Isolation between the donor antenna and the sector distribution antenna should exceed the overall Repeater gain by at least 10db. G max =Isolation-10dB

The reason for this limit is avoid operation near oscillations of the Repeater. It s on the isolation between the donor and the distribution antennas. The required DL gain calculation is based on not exceeding 30 dBm output at full traffic in all channels within the bandpass of the repeater. The DL gain can be set within a range of 40 to 80dB as long as the gain does not exceed the G max defined above.

CAUTION
Do not set excessive gain in the DL, otherwise, the Repeater may enter the ALC state and the Power Control loop.

The gain set-up is done at night, when traffic is nil and only the BCCH is on air. Leave a margin, related to the number of channels, for peak time operation If the repeater is approaching ALC during peak time, reduce the Gain respectively.

NOTE: If reduced coverage is required, reduce the gains


accordingly.

3.9.3 Repeater UL Gain Setting


Set the Repeater UL gain value to the same value as the DL. This will make the received signal at the base station somewhat higher than the noise floor. It will be optimized at a later stage.

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3.9.4 Repeater UL Optimization


1. Drive with a MS to the outskirts of the Repeater coverage area, and observe the Mobile Tx Power (in test mode). Alternatively, walk indoors to the worst-case locations. 2. Operate the CCMS software to remotely control the UL gain. 3. If the Mobile Tx Power reaches its maximum power, increase the UL gain in 1dB steps until the Mobile Tx Power drops by 2dB below its maximum value. 4. Do not, in any case, set the gain to a higher value than that set in this Section.

3.10 Noise Rise Check


After completion of the optimization process, verify that the noise at the UL channel at the BTS does not rise more than 1-2dB due to the Repeater installation. In case of noise rise greater than 2dB, decrease UL gain until reaching the desired noise-rise.

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Set Donor Antenna and record Pilot Power

Set Repeater gain for Down-link and Up-link

Drive (or walk) with an MS (in test mode) to Repeater site boundary, and observe Mobile Tx Power during a call

No

Mobile Tx power = Pmax?

Yes

Decrease Up-link gain in 1 dB step

Increase Up-link gain in 1dB step

MS Tx Power = Pmax-2 dB? No

Yes

END

Figure 3-26: UL Gain Setting

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Chapter 4. In Service Monitoring


This chapter explains how to use the CCMS software to setup and maintain the Repeater system.

4.1 Launch Local CCMS


NOTE: This section is for local RS-232 connections only.

Double-click the CCMS icon on the desktop. The opening screen will open , showing the CCMS Version:

Figure 4-1

Main screen appears, as shown in Figure 4-6: Power Screen. If the comm port is occupied by another application, the following will appear:

Figure 4-2

4.2 Launch CCMS Via Modem (Optional)


Choose the modem type (instead of RS232) in the following screen

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Figure 4-3

Key-in the modem phone number in the following screen:

Figure 4-4

Click Apply. Main screen appears, as shown in Figure 4-6: Local Launch- Main Screen

4.3 Access the System


When you click the CCMS icon on the desktop, you enter CCMS with user authorization. To change from the user authorization level: Click on the security tab From the Password menu, select Enter Password. The following dialog appears showing the current authorization level.

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Figure 4-5: Password Entry

Enter the Password corresponding to the authorization level you require. Click OK. NOTE: All authorization levels revert to User level after five minutes of
inactivity.

To change from a higher authorization level to user level, select Low Level from the Password menu.

4.4 System Monitoring


The power screen monitors the Repeater gain and power on each of the links (UL and DL).
NOTE: This screen defines also the setup parameters of the Repeater unit.

Figure 4-6: Main (Power) Screen

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If the actual gain differs from the set gain by more than 1dB, the ALC has been activated. Lower the gain by the value of the difference between them.

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Chapter 5. Troubleshooting The Repeater System


5.1 Troubleshooting
The following table details some common problems and recommended solutions.

NOTE: For unsolved problems or difficulties, contact Celletra Technical Support at support@unitywireless.com

Table 5-1: Troubleshooting procedure in LOCAL mode Error/Fault System not responding to the CCMS Monitoring and control problems Check Low/No Power Check that all the Repeater connectors are firmly connected. Verify proper installation and power connections. Check existence of mains voltage. Check RS-232 cable connection; verify serial comm. port definition on the CCMS software. Check communication cable (For connector pin out refer to Appendix B). Check the PC serial port.

Operate CCMS software and check the following parameters: DC power level in the Repeater System setup In/Out power (Remember to check the fuse in the power receptacle)

If the input seems OK yet the output is faulty, replace the unit and reconfigure the system setup.

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Error/Fault System Alarms

Check 1. In the Main screen, look for alarms in one of the Repeater internal units, where the characters may be colored red or yellow. 2. If PA is OFF, try to turn it ON. 3. If you cannot turn it on, reduce the system gain in the Status and Control screen. 4. If PA still does not go ON, replace the unit.

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5.2 Alarms
AUTHORIZATION Only Administrators can perform this procedure.

From the main sceen of the CCMS choose CTRL and click on alarm. The following screen appears .

Figure 5-1: Alarms Screen

In the Alarms screen, the a severity of each Alarm description can be defined. In addition, each alarm or event can be selected to be saved in the Log file. The operator can select the Repeater alarms that will be indicated by the LEDs (these are externally visible). The definitions of the columns are as follows: Log- The event will be recorded in the Log File. System LED- The Red (Major Failure) LED will turn on once this event occurs.

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The alarms status can be monitored in User Mode. Click on Alarm, then on Details. The following screen appears:

Figure 5-2: Alarms Status

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5.2.1 LEDs Description


The Repeater has a bi-color, externally visible pilot LED, glowing green for proper operation and red in case of an alarm.

5.3 Log File


The log file records events such as malfunctions or Repeater powering-on. You can connect both locally and remotely to view the events recorded in the log file.

AUTHORIZATION Only Administrators can perform this procedure.

5.3.1 Access the Log


Access the log file by selecting Get ICU Log from the File menu in the CCMS. Following is an example of the log file display.

Figure 5-3: Log File

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If no information is displayed, a serious communication problem is indicated. You can manipulate the data stored and displayed using the menu bar shown at the top of the log file screen. To exit the log file, click Exit in the File menu.

5.3.2 Store the Log


Every time you access the log file, the data is automatically stored to file and the log is cleared. To see a list of log files and their creation dates, select Show All Files from the View menu. You will see a dialog similar to this:

Figure 5-4: Log Files List

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5.3.3 View as HTML


To view the log file in HTML format, click Show HTML Version in the View menu. The resulting view may look something like this.

Figure 5-5 : Log File As HTML

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APPENDIX A.
Cellular Frequency Range Group a) a1) b) c)

FREQUENCY RANGE
Reverse Link Band Carrier Frequencies 832.17, 833.40, 834.63, 835.86 MHz 830.55, 831.78, 833.01, 834.24 MHz 45MHz 836.07, 837.30, 838.53, 839.76 MHz 839.13, 840.36, 841.59, 842.82 MHz Support up to 4 5MHz Tx /Rx Separation Bandwidth

Forward Link Band Carrier Frequencies 877.17, 878.40, 879.63, 880.86 MHz 875.55, 876.78, 878.01, 879.24 MHz 881.07, 882.30, 883.53, 884.76 MHz 884.13, 885.36, 886.59, 887.82 MHz

Note: Always check the frequency range prior to installing a repeater!

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APPENDIX B. OUT

CONNECTORS & CABLES PIN-

RS232 Connector Pin -out


The following table shows the pin-out of the RS-232 connector. Table B-1: RS-232 Communication Connector Communication Cable (PC Side)
Pin # 2 3 5 Function Tx Rx GND

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Power Cable Pin-out

Figure B-1: AC Power Cable Layout

Brown Wire: Live Blue Wire: Neutral Yellow-Green Wire: Ground.

WARNING Ensure you connect the cable correctly!

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APPENDIX C.

DIMENSIONS

Wall mounting holes dimensions [mm]


Allow 30cm below ceiling.

Figure C-1: Unit Wall-Mount Brackets

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APPENDIX D.

RECORDS

Repeater System Installation Record


After setting the Repeater system, it is recommended to write down the site information for remote control records. Repeater # ...................................... .................... ................... Modem No. ................................... .................... ...................

Measured RF Cable Loss


Measured RF Cable Loss Donor Ant. to Repeater ................. .................... ................... dB Distribution Ant. to Repeater ........ .................... ................... dB

Measured Isolation
Isolation between Donor and Distribution antennas............... dB

Down Link Channel Parameters


Repeater Down Link gain .............. .................... ................... dB Repeater measured output power ................... ................... dBm

Up Link Channel Parameters


Up link Repeater Gain Setting ...... .................... ................... dB Repeater measured output power... .................... ................... dBm

Updated by: ______________ Signature: ______________ Date: _____________

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