Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 10

20 11s6, Z

47

gZV ~~ Zi Wk
B
*0ZZ :i Z
E
F!* WyGg Z', Z GG0rg

}g a T q ~ Zi W 4z]
. s y*zy
N` , V*!*
w z yY H7: Zg 2
+ VE!*

& ', i ssZ


z{c* lB~g w gzZ,jz ]Z`
% }Mm
% 6, g Z
(m, Z ) )y
% W}7, ~k
B y Zy {~ Zi Wgz Z |{
X g66, Yo
Be b ba p
p g g Z MZ LZ VZx)
6, e }(, wZ z#
gzZ VZ e ^Y , 'g X,D
+
Vx ~ :W H 7hz%h KZa ] %Z :ZgZ z
Hg ( Z
h N 0z 6, Vz!* x9 y*zy Vz m, Z H * g @* N;
6, Vwg N` V1 h*6, VE*zy c* \
d 6, gZ Vh*gz Z}h
g a % y
/ gz Z 1zg 0z yZ 1;C
!* VZ
X 1yEZ Zi WogzZ HyZ ~ Zi W+ @W
;g Vc* z i 6, g Cgz V~ ~ Z i Wq
- y*zy
Vz m, Ztzz kZ H Z Z ^g 0* ggz ZZ
+ ~~ Zi Wk
B V,Z
qZ ZVggzZ zg Z MZK VZxg Z MZ
Z ~ Z iW z a Z Z 7, ZgzZ 1kZ Z 7,
C x
X ~7, Z Z
1754 y{~gz Z* *!zZ `Zu[Zk
B { !* Vz m, Z

20 11s6, Z

48

@z ^ggzZ Diamond Harbour ', g ; Z e~ yZgz Z ~


c* Vzm, Z 6, @z ^g y{ ~gz Z
/ % Vzm, Z William
c* g Z
~ Zi W k
B gz Z ZX g66, h
e {C ~', g; Z em, Z
{kZ gz Z q!zZ `Zu[ZZ yZ y{ ~gz ZX YY
o yZgzZ  g ~z q WW6, o yZ m, Z  H kC
Vi g!* g Z1;; e b Vz m, Zgz ,
Z j kZX ~gz

Zg ZyZ ` ', ~1757 gzZ 7ZakZ ;
H 0{e Z
X c* LZ~ !* W%
, 1764 k
B gz Z 1757 k
B ~ ], g @*
3 hzZ gz Z g wXm, Z kZ 6, VE*zy k
B t
X ~zq b~g7 6,
Fort

g ZygzZ Zg~~Z iWk


B
Bk%fy{ Z yZgz Z ( 1782 x) Zg Zz3,

ygz ZZgg aVz m, Z x~g Z g @* ~ Z i W
~ 1783 VZ 7 ~ 1782 y X (g e Vz m, Z
~1784 k
B tX Vzm, Zgz Z k
B Vzm, Z
O;u" ah
e x Z KZ m, ZX CBk
B ~uz gt
yZfZz YZgiz LZ1;Hf
e x Z KZ Vzm, Z~1792
Xg66, {@zz 7
- e Zgz Z ~g Z ` KZgz Z z"
X Z 7, b Vzm, Zw k
, Vz ZPzgzZ[zg hz&yZz@* g
: ~z0
+ ZdZ1Z * ]|xsZ
g2gz Z g{z Z k Z {kZT
& LL
~!* KZ T ( 17 9 9| 1313 ) yy{Z Z z3,

/q
- Zq
- Z bZ m, Z kC]!* t $ ; f )gzZ

20 11s6, Z

49

yZ

/ Zgz Z g D
& c* g q
- Zq
- ZgzZ
Vz m, Z V,ZO ; Y0F, yZ o Zg7g y
% W W:6,
V-g Y gzZ bz yzi }g7 LZgz Z H k
B
X
W~yZB

+ZzZgzZ4z]
. y
{ W6, k
B Vz m, ZV1Z gzZ V Zg 'VZg y*zy
gzZ V !* y}uz F, y V,Z kZ
Zg WcJ Vzm, Z0
+ igzZ "
$ z V1Z gz Z YZ% Z y*zy
o kZ {zgzZ YQ 0* 6, V1}g Vz m, Z d
$
g w'~
gzZ 1 5B LZ YZ% Z y ! Vz m, Z 1 ;N Y 4 " !*
q zy
% uL~c! u 17 99 #B4 { !* @WkZg y
% W
yZ~ F, ]6, g {0
+ i6, xz 3g yZgz Z ~ZgzZ Vz m, Z V,Z
X
hZ 0
+ i y q
- Z 0
+ i! gu L 
L !k]g @* g
p Zt}96, yZ kZ B] y HORSE 9`
% Z
#
(137 my *zy) X
Zg y*zy` W:

g ZVz
/ ZgzZvZ z{ ~~Z iWk
B
_(, ]Z W, Z ~ ', ~ o O Z
Z Vzg ZD
2 ] y
: i kZgugz ~BB J(, ]Z W, Z ( m, Z
- q
q
- Z ~ BB V@yZK { n~ Z~(, kg Z ~
]z yZ( 1762 x) ~ _vZ z { !* TW~z
*c J(, q
- Zz LZ ( 1824x ) ~
_m, +Z{ } Z yZ
g s Vz m, Z~ 1803 VrZX sJ Vzm, Z {z
c_~
w', ZgLZgz Z
H c* g Z
[Zg Z y*zy ~ Tc* ~:

20 11s6, Z

50

LZ ~ ^!* L
Z { gz ZL
Z~ 1831 X HgHZ
+ 4z
yZgz Z Vzm, Z a ~ Zi WV
K Z o kZB YNg g "
+ Z* g q
- t p;L~ s V~ Z
* ZX ]z \W~ 1840 X e~g Z )f ] ~

(1858x ) ~ !* WxZe
$ * ZgzZ ( 1852 x) ~
!* WxZe
$ z
;; g VZz VZzg', Z', t bkZX H Z Zg Z Z~p
p g {0
+ iq
- kZ
x* q
- ! ;z Vz m, Zq
- kZ YfX c* W J
- 1857 yz *
k
Z t |p;F
F 6, ]c* *[; Z0 Hg
Cc*
M F, ~
_vZ z { g y*zy Z
Z Z q
-
:X
c* x * q
- Z z L LZ a kZ ;F
F 6, ]c* Z q
- tgzZ
X e* Y

] }
. x ZYf~]z L MsVzm, Z
gzZ ~
_t GZ { gz Z~
_m, +Z{ gzZvZ z { ~1857
~yZX g
) )q
- Z xZYf~1857 gzZ 8
- gVz
/ Z
Yqi Z
u* ~ !* Wha
P
Z vZg *
Zg{ vZZ *
* ~
a * gz ZL

q~
* *
{
q Z g * V
`
% 'vZZ
Vz m, $Z ~
!* Wha*~: igX f .
6, gm{~
*
~g
/ *~ :gzZ a \ Yf6, T c* ZA
$ % ~ :s
* e &
( Z~ : gzZ `)l6, * Z
# :
L
(
Zg{ vZZ * ~: i1857 X ZHA
$ %Z~:
Vz m, Z ~y { vZ Z ~ LL:q'
Xgx wg
Z*Z
* ~
!* WxvZZ * ~1865 X Z (,
&
E
~ : i ZX @* B 0* 
H c* y &
+ Z~
lG4& Q* ~
g7 t

H H: Zzg y &
+ Z ~ !* c* g *1?gz Z ~zg Z ? ~
!* Wha*

20 11s6, Z

51

z )z ~
!* W ha* gz Z Z
* ~
!* WxvZZ * ~ X
E
!* {w {gVZ ~
lG4&Q* gz Z ~g7 t Z *X
H w Z
E
0* [KZ ~
lG4&Q*X :Zz z LZ~1883 mzgz Z
gzZ k]6, Vc* ~VzcVc* ~ V; }g L L: D
k
, ~
gzZ Zzg $ m{a Yf &m, ZX s 6, #
zz TNZ sg Z a ~}kZ Xc* wZ e~yZ
yp Vzcgz Z VW V\W~g X M
h : M
h Zg :
~1857 g x}(, Z ~ {Vzm, Z y FgX g
]~y &
+ Z}k
,b
% ZV c* ~h
+ Mxuc* V }
E
0
+ i y&
+ Z {k
,b
% ~
lG4&Q*X
H 5a g Z* 0
+ i F, $
+
!N
5a,X x* 0* L Lm
 \W6,

gZ- Yf~~Z iWk


B
Bk{!* Vz m, Z - Yf~yZyIB ~1857

{
q Zg * ] kZ gzZX gHV
`
% 'vZZ YqZ T
Lq~k
B kZ Xg~
*
a *gzZ ~
* *
\W s#
~m, Z i Vzm, Z~
* *
W~ y*G~- 0* ]z~1880 n:g
/ p;; g .
$ gZz x*
{g ~ o ~ ]q yZ DkCt V
`
% 'vZ ZZ YqX  [Zp
LZ V,Z V; zX ])(l 7egg Z
', uLZ [Z
~1899 X3g ~g Y;z e
$ Z@ LZ ~y*zy=gf z + h
+%

gzggz Z
H Hg
/
{
q Zg* X ~ W .Z
A gz Z 0* ]z
- {bX
J
H Hv~:{{g~~YwyQ
H 3g~:{{
[Zp{W~}iu{{
q X 0* ]z ~1905 X ~7, 4 z{\W
V ~k
B 1857 X 
1857 X 7t1C

20 11s6, Z

52

sZgzZsZZ
+ sZ H6, xsZ Vz m, Z * ~ Zi Wk
B
Zq zwZz i Vz m, Z V H y*zyd
#
$ 
+ Z!fgzZ d
Z
$ ! fkZ c* W0 ^
Z ZzZ
# }eg6',
- Z VzY z x(Z q
q
- Z ~L L: kZc* xZ
/ z6, q
- Z
X dbm, Z Zg r 1 y*zy
~ yZ HZa]P \vZaxsZ~y*zy
Y xsZ ~ : i kZ~
* *]|xsZ ,Z q
- Z
* ]|xsZ a d
$ sZgzZ sZZ
+ sZ
kZK g (( @* Y - q
- T` q
- q
- Z ~
*
* ~
- Zg3zf * ~
- @+$Yq) YNg LZ V,Za
1866 #30._| 1283x 15 ( )z +
Z <g* gzZ
Z a
t @* ;g
C xZg Z q
- Z6, x * - Zz ~gzg Iy ]Z
~p
p g ~ ^Z Vgz Z xsZyZ }Za ~ V
|
# gg *W~ KG09F)Kq
- Z - i W{ogxkZ Z
B y
C
i Z LL~  Z( ) D
( q
- ZgzZ (5) *Z q
- Z ~t
vZ ZZ Yq ]|wqq=z ] x* - xZg Z &gz Z
X
=g f DDgz ZxsZY~y*zy -xZg Z L LV
`
% '

zV ~kZgz Zx kD+&
+Z

IZz DIZi ~ TZkZ kD+ &


+ Z ~1884
y~VE!* kZX c* W~~1885 x kZgz Zq
- y
k Z a k (vZ ggz Z Y q +Zg$
+ x* X
X Yq+ Zg$
+ ]g ZT Z~kZg~1887

gZ -xZg Z~~Z iWk


B
Zg* ~
**V
`
% 'vZZ Yq) -', Z ~ ~ Z i Wk
B

20 11s6, Z

53

Z @*~
- *:Z ) -xZg Z yZ0
+ i
gzZ (
{
q
*!
g a* ~gZg * ~gz %
O m, * S
vZD*
lZ
( )z ~zg ; Z *
0* vZZ * Z^Z *
Z
wzZ 0
+ i
!* T YZZ q
- w zg g ~ 1912 X YYH 7
Y x *~
- * ]|:Z *X - xZg Z
gzZ #
~m, Z ( :Z )\W L L:~z0
+ ZdZ1Z* ]|xsZw
~ #gz Z (Z Vzm, Z y#+ F, Jg Z MZ
yj
jZ H Z Z S
vZD*
/ \Wwzg Z ~q
- kZX c* W7
vZD * * ) Zg s Vz m, ZgzZ *g a#
S

yj
jZ wdgzZ x
/ uC
!* ogz Zg0
+ Z o}:
Z X u
Vzg Z )f 6
+ Zi sgz Zuu/y 0*
gx g0
1fx p:Z  YF, gz Z Zg {)z { 0* g Z }
~z Z kZ; g xw z V; zgzZ p=i s {z akZ
, izF, gzZ X'5 0*
k
( 3, guF, }~i s V)(lK ez
y*zy Z W V yZ ]5 0* g Z k
B
]:
Z  Vz yZ c* Z5Zz/LZgz Z H{ W wq]g
KZgzZ LZs #
~', gz Z G@* "yZ Dt Z
:ZgZ i Zg6, w zg g .
S
vZD* c* yz#

1 V6', #
yZK: Zzg)(l* :Z o
@p~1916 X c* 0* 6, " }g7gz Z :
L ~g
/ :Z 
@pX c* !Zj #
~ m, Zg
/ ~ {gyZ #

& zg Z z #
~ ', {z ~g Zgz Z ]z s 6
gzZ :
Z ~ 1917 X #h
+ ~ Z iWq
- V gz Z 6gz Z
m, *
Z @* X
H H z t {k
,b
% Zz ~ xzg V
:
Z f *Z LZ V )z
Zz * @
] * ~gz %
O

20 11s6, Z

54

:
Z  Vzm, Z~:{{t X
& Z', V`~:{{ t B
D

Z @*O;I~ N Zw J JH @* ', :B
~: {q
- Z * Z}m, Z
H H~ t :Z Z
# 
} Z L
L g D t ~Bgz Zg D 6, #sr
 x
/ gz Z
D
sD W~l:
Z Z
# }
~ :~hm, Z !
~p; $
Z~V_gZz w ~ YZ!m, Z}Z L L
~
g Zg*~ q
- :Z  X Y} 7~ :~ h}gv
/C

/C

Z * X ~ y g Z Zg
Z* a* !
g a *
vZZ * SZ ~
aZt E* Z^Z* ~g7 Zg
&

C
4
}
E
G
*{z yZ n
p g m:
& {)z ~g Z Z Z e 0*
\ W{)z y{1Z ~gZZ * Z i Wx Z1Z * C
 Z
Xyz z
*:Z ~yg Z ~
C Tc* W~x y Yf ~ 1919
~
,%Z vZ Yz * ~g g { vZ Y*
Z @*~
-
* =Z1Z *Z
' * C
 Z* ~
v Z e
$ ?*
* ~
GZ *~
zg ; gZ * Zi WxZ1Z * ~gZZ
 29
& ; g:
- Vx
Z Xx yZgZ~
X
H H ~ :]ZF, 1920
kZ \W
Z @*
/ g VY\ W ]z \W
Wx @* 1940 ]z ~
vZ e
$ ?* 3g ~g Yu
Vz m, Z \Wa ZwM ~VpZ ~ ', g !* F ggy Yf
, 6, g
^
$ Z  - xZg Z \Wn
p g]J #

kl k H, z #
}
. sz^~ V k&Z ~ Z i WX
{ W~ y*G~ - 0* ]z ~ 1957 ce 5 g ~ u
X  [Zp

20 11s6, Z

55

Z
zygzZq
-
-q
Z F~ T r!* Zz VX~1919
~x c* ZZ uh Z
~ Zzy q
- kZ C
 Z* !* TW~z
BV g gz Z ( Z
' * zC
 Z* )yZg Z', ZY S0
+ X c* W
:Z ~Xc* Z96, xg Pq
- ZY fgzZ xZ q
- kZH{gzo
C &
~
<% Z vZ Yz * 4 Zi W* 
~g ]Z *~
- *
)z ~GZ * ~
z0
+ y * y
% * ~
vZ e
$ ?
i Z0
+ Z]%Z w A Yf', Z y*zy nZ q
-
Round )wC
Z* ~1931 XHx : t
K : ~ q
-
#
wZ zgzZ a
' ~ y ( Table Conf erence
X  [ZpW~}iuklZ 5kYZ
M lZ6, ay
% LZ

]ZuF, q
-
y*gzZ ^!* w ) Zi WxZ1Z *gzZ Y S0
+ ~ 1920
gz Z ~ Z i Wk
B kZg
/ g t7m, ? ( ]ZuF, )c6, W
{ kZgz Z g66, h
e FZg7 Zg7 kZ #
~m, Z
H HwEZ ~4z]
.
#
~m, Zg U* WY ]z x gz Z Y `Dx Zg7  ZZa
( 157 my *zy) X g{
~1930 8
- ], :7 ~ ~gaZga ~ 1922 ]z~ 1921
Quit India ) q
- zhg y*zy ~ 1942 z0
+ W #z
* wq
-
Zz ~ e
$ ]z } ~d ~ ~~ 1946 ( Mov ement
z{ Vz m, ZX LyVzg ZD
yZgz 8
- ], :76, VzC
b
Vx XC
!* g ZVZz
W :
K VCZgz ZT
$ r
yZgz Z Vzg7 Z yZ1; CY CJ
- g ZD
k g ZD
ZYfL{z

56

20 11s6, Z

!* {g ~ Xgz V |gzZ ~g Z g @* ~g7% ]uZz Z


' ', * 4 jx Z !zZ[ZH; { g {z Vo

* + Z Z e ~ Z * ;]* 0* vZ
~(, q
- Z {z yZX 1zg7~ ~ Zi Wk
B )zZ e /Z1
~V15 g @* gzZ {i @* ~ V c* T ; p~],g@* f Z
X g q
- ', Z', ~ ~ Zi Wk
B y6, C
bC
n
;ce 6gp
: [pH ; gYHlZ
` W
c* Vp ? VI
z Z 7, Z
#
7x Z F,  Wg Z
#
/