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# Mathnasium

## Scope of the Curriculum

(PreK8)

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Scope: PreK
1) Counting
a) Count by 1s to 29 Count by 2s to 10 Count on from a given number (Count on from 5.)

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2) Place Value
a) Recognition and writing of numerals 012 c) Onetoone correspondence.

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Singledigit plus singledigit, for sums up to 12

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Answer: How far is it from 3 to 5? for all combinations of numbers up to 10 b) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer.

5) Fraction Concepts
a) Draw a picture of 1/2.

## 6) Ordering Whole Numbers

a) Arrange a group of numbers from 0 to 12 in order.

7) Measurement Facts
a) 1 day = hours b) 1 week = days c) Measuring the length of various objects with nonstandard units.

8) Geometry
a) Identify and draw a circle, a square, a rectangle, a triangle, an oval, a heart, and a star.

9) Patterns
a) Creating patterns with various objects, translating patterns into letter and number or color pattern. b) Grouping and sorting objects.

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Scope: Kindergarten
1) Counting
a) Count by 1s to 110. Count by 2s to 20. Count by 5s to 110. Count by 10s to 110.

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2) Place Value
a) Recognition and writing of numerals 0100. b) Recognition of which number goes first in 2digit numbers. c) Onetoone correspondence.

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Introduce singledigit plus singledigit, for sums up to 12

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Introduce: How far is it from 6 to 14? for all combinations of numbers up to 15. b) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer.

## 5) Algorithm for Addition of Whole Numbers

a) Introduce onedigit number plus onedigit number, column and vertical format.

## 6) Algorithm for Subtraction of Whole Numbers

a) Introduce onedigit number minus onedigit number, column and vertical format.

7) Fraction Concepts
a) Draw a picture of 1/2 and identify half.

## 8) Ordering Whole Numbers

a) Arrange a group of numbers from 0 to 20 in order.

9) Measurement Facts
a) 1 day = hours b) 1 week = days c) Measure in inches and with nonstandard materials like paper clips

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Scope: Kindergarten
d) Volume exploration. e) Weightunderstand use of balance scale and compare weights.

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## 10) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)

a) b) c) d) e) f) 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, , , 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, , , 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, , , Environmental patterns. Generate patterns. Knows AB, AB etc. type patterns.

11) Time
a) On a round clock, at minimum be able to tell time on the hour and halfhour.

12) Money
a) Know \$1, \$2, \$5, and \$10 by name.

## 13) Proportional Thinking (for advanced group)

a) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost 1 dollar, how much will six pieces of candy cost? b) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost 1 dollar, how many pieces can you buy for 5 dollars?

14) Geometry
a) Identify and draw a circle, a square, a rectangle, a triangle, an oval, a heart, and a star.

## 15) Properties of Numbers

a) Experimentation with real objects addition and subtraction with zero.

## 16) Problem Solving

a) Use real situations and manipulatives to workout word problems.

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Scope: Kindergarten
17) Estimation

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a) Use manipulative to help make close approximation and develop number sense.

18) Graphing
a) Gather, display, and organize information. b) Make bar graphs and pictographs. c) Analyze contents of graphs.

## 19) Classifying and Sorting

a) Classify and sort objects by attributes.

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1) Counting
a) Count by 1s to 120. Count by 2s to 50. Count by 5s to 120. Count by 10s to 120. b) Count by 1/2s, to 5. c) Answer: How much is 5, three times? for multiples of 2, 5, and 10. How much are 3 groups of 5? d) Answer: How many 5s does it take to make 10?

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2) Place Value
a) b) c) d) Count by 10s and 100s. Say, 23 ones is the same as 2 tens and 3 ones, for all wholes numbers up to 100. Read and write wholes numbers up to 100 in Standard Form. Answer: How many 10s are there in 50? for multiples of 10 up to 100.

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Singledigit plus singledigit, for sums up to 18. b) Answer: 7 plus what number is 10? for all combinations of numbers that make 10. c) Answer: 9 plus what number is 15? for sums up to 15. d) Add 10 to any number up to 100.

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Answer: How far apart are 6 to 14? for all combinations of numbers up to 15. b) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer. c) Answer: 9 takeaway what number is 6? for whole numbers up to 18.

## 5) Algorithm for Addition of Whole Numbers

a) Onedigit number plus onedigit number, column and vertical format. b) Onedigit number plus twodigit number, with and without carrying, column and vertical format. c) Twodigit number plus twodigit number, without carrying (regrouping), column format.

## 6) Algorithm for Subtraction of Whole Numbers

a) Onedigit number minus onedigit number, column and vertical format. b) Twodigit number minus onedigit number, without borrowing, column and

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vertical format. c) Twodigit number minus twodigit number, without borrowing (regrouping), column format.

## 7) Roundingoff Whole Numbers

a) Answer: Is 27 closer to 20 or to 30? for numbers up to 100.

8) Fraction Concepts
a) Draw a picture of 1/2. 1/3. 1/4. 3/4, and 4/4.

9) Fractional Parts
a) Find half of all whole numbers up to 20.

## 10) Ordering Whole Numbers

a) Arrange a group of numbers from 0 to 50 in order.

## 11) Measurement Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) 1m = cm 1 minute = seconds 1 hour = minutes 1 day = hours 1 week = days 1 year = months Knows the difference between centimeters and meters. Measures appropriate lengths using a ruler.

## 12) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)

a) b) c) d) 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, , 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, , , , , , , ,

13) Time
a) On an analog (round) clock, at minimum be able to tell time on the hour and half hour. b) Properly read a digital watch (clock, VCR)

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14) Money

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a) Know 10 20 50 \$1, \$2, \$5 and \$10 by name. , , , b) Be able to fair trade appropriate coins (2 50 for \$1, 5 20for \$1, 10 10 for \$1. c) Find the value of an appropriate group of coins (2 10 3 20 4 50 and , , , 2 \$1). d) How much change from 10 dollars? ..from ? e) Do you have enough money to buy ?

## 15) Proportional Thinking

a) Answer: If one piece of candy cost 2 dollars, how much will six pieces of candy cost? b) Answer: If one piece of candy cost 2 dollars, how many pieces can you buy for 10 dollars? [For advanced group] c) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost five dollars, how much will six pieces of candy cost? d) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost five dollars, how many pieces can you buy for 10 dollars?

16) Geometry
a) Identify a circle, a rectangle, a square, a triangle, a rhombus, a cube, a sphere, a cylinder, and a rectangular prism (box). b) Indentify sides and corners.

## 17) Properties of Numbers

a) States the Identity for Addition [Every number plus zero (0) equals itself.]. a) States the Identity for Subtraction [Every number minus zero (0) equals itself.].

## 18) Problem Solving

b) Solve one and twostep word problems using one or more operations.

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1) Counting

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a) Count by 2s to 150. Count by 5s to 300. Count by 10s to 300. Count by 11s to 110. Count by 15s to 60. (Time) Count by 20s to 200. Count by 25s to 300. (Money) b) Count by 1/2s to 6. c) Answer: How much is 5, three times? for multiples of 2, 3, 4, 5, 20, 25, 50, and 100. d) Answer: How many 5s are there in 20? How many 10s in 40? for appropriate multiples of 2, 5, and 10. e) How many halves are there in three wholes? How many halves are there in two andahalf wholes?

2) Place Value
a) Count by 10s, 100s, and 1,000s. b) Say, 23 ones is the same as 2 tens and 3 ones, for all wholes numbers less than 100.

c) Identify ones, tens, and hundreds place. d) Read and write wholes numbers up to 1,000 in Standard Form. e) Roundingoff: Answer: Is 271 closer to 200 or to 300? for appropriate numbers. f) Answer: How many 10s are there in 120? 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts
a) Singledigit plus singledigit, sum up to 18. b) Answer: 37 plus what number is 50? for numbers up to 50. c) Add 10 to any number up to 300.

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Answer: How far apart are 12 and 30? for all numbers up to 100. Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference equal to or greater than 10. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference less than 10. Answer: 15 minus what number is 9? for numbers up to 20. Subtract 10 from any number up to 100. A multiple of 10 minus a singledigit (30 4, 70 6).

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5) Algorithm for Addition of Whole Numbers

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a) Up to threedigit number plus threedigit number,with and without carrying (regrouping, trading), column and vertical format.

## 6) Algorithm for Subtraction of Whole Numbers

a) Onedigit number minus onedigit number, column and vertical format. b) Up to threedigit number minus threedigit number, with and without borrowing (regrouping, trading), column format.

## 7) Roundingoff Whole Numbers

a) Answer: Is 271 closer to 200 or to 300? for numbers up to 1,000.

8) Fraction Concepts
a) Draw a picture of 1/2. 1/4. 3/4, and 4/4.

## 9) Addition of Common Fractions

a) Add: 1/2 + 1/2, 1/4 + 1/4, and 3/4 + 1/4, orally and on paper.

## 10) Fractional Parts

a) Find half of all whole numbers up to 30. b) Answer: Half of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 30.

## 11) Ordering Whole Numbers

a) Arrange a group of numbers from 0 to 200 in order.

## 12) Measurement Facts

a) b) c) d) e) g) 1m 1 minute 1 hour 1 day 1 week 1L = = = = = = cm seconds minutes hours days mL

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13) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)
a) b) c) b) 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, , 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, , 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, , , , , ,

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14) Time
a) On a round clock, at minimum be able to tell time on the hour, halfhour, quarter hour, and threequarter hour, as well as most other times. b) Properly read a digital watch.

15) Money
a) Know 10 20 50 \$1, \$2, \$5, \$10 and \$20 (50cent piece), whole , , , (silver) dollar by name and value. b) Be able to fair trade appropriate coins (5 20for a dollar, 4 50for 2 dollars, 50 10for five dollars. c) Find the value of an appropriate group of coins (23 10 33 20 24 50 , , , 22 \$1, 5 \$2 and 3 \$5).

## 16) Proportional Thinking

a) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost five dollars, how much will six pieces of candy cost? b) Answer: If two pieces of candy cost five dollars, how many pieces can you buy for \$20?

17) Geometry
a) Identify and draw a circle, a triangle, pentagon, hexagon, octagon, and quadrilaterals: square, rectangle, rhombus, parallelogram. b) Identify a sphere, cylinder, and rectangular prism (box). c) Figure the distance around things (perimeter), and count the number of square inside closed figures (area).

18) Percent
a) Know that 0% is none of it. b) Know that 50% is half of it. c) Know that 100% is all of it.

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19) Problem Solving
a) One and two step word problems involving more than one operation. b) Use mental math to solve appropriate questions.

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## 20) Data Analysis

a) Construct and interpret bar graphs and pictographs.

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1) Counting
a) b) c) d) *e)

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Count by 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 15, 20, 25, and 50 (first 13 multiples of each number). Count by 6, 7, 8, 9, 12 (first 13 multiples of each number). Count by 1/2s, 1/4s, 1/3s, 11/2s, 21/2s. Answer: How many 25s are there in 200? How many 11/2s are there in 6? How many 21/2s are there in 71/2? for appropriate numbers.

2) Place Value
a) Count by 10s, 100s, 1,000s, 10,000s, 100,000s, and 1,000,000s. b) Say, 423 ones is the same as 4 hundred, 2 tens, and 3 ones, for all wholes numbers up to 1,000. c) Read and write wholes numbers up to 10,000 in Standard Form and in Expanded Form. d) Identify the ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, and hundred thousands place. e) Answer: How many 10s and 100s are there in 1,000?

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Singledigit plus singledigit, sum less than 12. b) Singledigit plus singledigit, sum equal to or greater than 12. c) Answer: 7 plus what number is 20? for numbers than 100. d) Explain the concept and use of Fact Families in addition. e) Add and subtract 10 to any number up to 1,000. f) Add and subtract 12 to any number up to 1,000. g) Add in vertical and horizontal formats. h) Vocabulary: sum and addends.

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference equal to or greater than 10. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference less than 10. Answer: 15 minus what number is 9? for numbers up to 20. Explain the concept and use of Fact Families in subtraction. Subtract 10 from any number up to 1,000. A multiple of 10 minus a doubledigit number (30 14, 70 26). Singledigit minus singledigit, negative answer. Vocabulary: difference.

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5) Multiplication of Whole Numbers Facts

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a) Know the times tables from0 times 0 up to 12 times 12, and related division facts (Fact Families). b) Vocabulary: factor, product, and prime and composite numbers.

## 6) Division of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Divide any twodigit number by any onedigit number without remainders. b) Divide any twodigit number by any onedigit number with remainders. c) Vocabulary: divisor, dividend, quotient, and remainder.

a) Add any group of whole numbers, in vertical and horizontal formats.

## 8) Algorithm for Subtraction

a) Subtract any two whole numbers, including subtracting across middle zeros with borrowing, and subtracting from multiples of powers of 10 (a lot of zeros in the minuend).

## 9) Algorithm for Multiplication

a) Multiply any twodigit number by any onedigit number. b) Multiply any threedigit number by any onedigit number.

## 10) Algorithm for Division

a) Divide any twodigit number by any onedigit number. *b) Divide any threedigit number by any onedigit number.

## 11) Estimation and Roundingoff

a) Estimate using additional and subtraction. b) Round to the nearest ten and nearest hundred for numbers up to 10,000.

## 12) Fraction Concepts

a) Tell whether a given proper fraction is greater than, less than, or equal to 1/2. b) Tell whether a given proper or improper fraction is greater than, less than, or equal to one whole (1). c) Explain why 1/2 and 2/4 are the same amount, and draw pictures demonstrating knowledge of Equivalent Fractions in general.

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d) Draw a picture of given proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers. e) Vocabulary: numerator, denominator, proper fraction, improper fraction, and equivalent fractions.

## 13) Addition and Subtraction of Common Fractions

a) Add and subtract proper fractions with common denominators, in vertical and horizontal formats.

## 14) Fractional Parts

a) Find half of all whole numbers up to 100. b) Answer Half of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100. c) Answer A quarter of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100.

15) Ordering
a) Arrange a group of whole numbers from 0 to 1,000 in order. b) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 3/4. c) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0, 1, 11/2, 2, 21/2.

## 16) Measurement Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) 1m 1 km 1 cm 1 minute 1 hour 1 day = = = = = = cm m mm seconds minutes hours g) h) i) j) k) i) 1 week 1 year 1 kg 1L 1 year 1 year = = = = = = days months g mL weeks days

## 17) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)

a) b) c) d) 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, , , 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, , , 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, , , 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, , ,

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18) Time

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a) Be able to tell time on an analog (round) clock and on a digital watch. b) Answer: How long is between 2 PM and 5:45PM? for appropriate intervals of time. c) Define DAY and YEAR in terms of the movement of the Earth. d) Know, Quarter to, Quarter after, and Half past.

19) Money
a) Know 10 20 50 \$1, \$2, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50 and \$100 (50cent , , , piece), whole (silver) dollar by name and value. b) Be able to fair trade any combination of coins and bills. c) Find the value of any group of coins. d) Add, Subtract, and Multiply money. e) Figure out and count back change.

## 20) Proportional Thinking

a) Answer: Recyclers pay 50 cents for every 2 aluminum cans. How much are 50 worth? b) Answer: Recyclers pay 50 cents for every 2 aluminum cans. How many cans must to collect to make 5 dollars?

21) Geometry
a) b) c) d) Identify and draw a circle, a square, a rectangle, a triangle, and a trapezoid. Identify a sphere, cylinder, and rectangular prism (box). Identify a Right Angle, and know it contains 90 . Identify and name angles that are: less than 90 (acute), greater than 90 less and than 180(obtuse), and equal to 180 (straight). c) Use geometric vocabulary: point, line, line segment, ray, symmetry, congruency, space figure, plane figure, quadrilaterals, parallelogram d) Figure the distance around things (perimeter), and count the number of square inside closed figures (area).

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22) Percent
a) Find 0, 50, and 100 percent of any whole number from 0 to 100.

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## 23) Problem Solving

a) One, two, and three step word problems. b) Use mental math to solve appropriate questions. c) Develop and use various techniques in Problem Solving: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) breakdown the problem into simpler parts, apply the easier number method, draw a picture, make a table or chart, work backwards, mental math, trail and error (guess and check)

## 24) Data Analysis and Probability

a) Construct and interpret bar graphs, pictographs, pie charts, and line graphs. b) Decide whether common events are likely, unlikely, or have no chance of occuring. c) Make future predictions based on data.

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1) Counting
a) b) c) d)

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012, 15, 20, 25 (first 13 multiples of each number). 11,15, 20, 25, 50, 75 (first 10 multiples of each number). Count by 1/2s, 1/4s, 3/4s, 1/3s, 11/2s, 11/4s, 21/2s. Answer: How many 25s are there in 200? How many 15s in 60? How many 21/2s in 10? How many 11/2s in 30? for appropriate numbers.

2) Place Value
a) Count by 10s, 100s, 1,000s, 10,000s, 100,000s, and 1,000,000s. b) Say, 324 ones is the same as 3 hundreds, 2 tens, and 4 ones, for all wholes numbers up to 1,000. c) Read and write wholes numbers up to 100,000 in Standard Form and in Expanded Form. d) Identify the ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, and hundred thousands place. e) Identify the ones, tenths, hundredths, and thousandths place. f) Answer: How many 10s, 100s and 1,000s are there in 10,000? g) Answer: How many 1/1 0s are there in one whole (1)? *h) Answer: How many 1/100s are there in onetenth (1/10)?

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) Singledigit plus singledigit, sum up to 10. Singledigit plus singledigit, sum greater than 10. Answer: 79 plus what number is 100? for numbers up to 300. Add 10, 12, 20, and 100 to any number up to 1,000.

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) *g) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference equal to or greater than 10. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference less than 10. Answer: 150 minus what number is 95? for numbers up to 1,000. Subtract 10, 12, 20, and 100 to any number up to 1,000. A multiple of 100 minus any number (300 17, 400 125). Any whole number minus whole number, negative answer.

## 5) Multiplication of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Know the times tables from 0 times 0 up to 12 times 12.

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6) Division of Whole Numbers Facts
a) Divide any twodigit number by any onedigit number.

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## 7) Algorithm for Addition of Whole Numbers

a) Add any group of whole numbers, in any format.

## 8) Algorithm for Subtraction of Whole Numbers

a) Subtract any two whole numbers, in any format.

## 9) Algorithm for Multiplication of Whole Numbers

a) Multiply any twodigit number by any twodigit number. *b) Multiply any threedigit number by any twodigit number.

## 10) Algorithm for Division of Whole Numbers

a) Divide any threedigit number by any onedigit number, with and without remainders. b) Divide any threedigit number by any twodigit number, with and without remainders.

11) Roundingoff
a) Roundoff any whole number to any place up to millions. b) Answer: Is 15/8 closer to 1or to 2? for appropriate numbers. c) Answer: Is 2.07 closer to 2 or to 3? for appropriate numbers.

## 12) Common Fraction Concepts

a) b) c) d) e) Find Least Common Multiple (LCM). Find Greatest Common Factor (GCF). Reduce fractions to lowest terms. Rewrite improper fractions as mixed numbers. Rewrite mixed numbers as improper fractions.

## 13) Addition and Subtraction of Common Fractions

a) Add and subtract proper fractions, with and without common denominators.

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14) Decimal Fraction Concepts
a) Define the word decimal. b) Answer: What is the purpose of the decimal point? c) Answer: How many decimal points can a number have?

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## 15) Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Fractions

a) Add and subtract any combination of decimals fractions (including whole numbers).

## 16) Fractional Parts

a) Knows that a quarter of and a onefourth of mean the same thing. b) Find half and quarter of all whole numbers up to 100. c) Find threequarters, onethird, and twothirds of selected whole numbers and fractions. d) Count by 1/2s, 1/4s, 3/4s, 1/3s, 2/3s, 11/2s, 21/2s. e) Count by 0.1s. f) Answer Half of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100. g) Answer A quarter of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100.

17) Ordering
a) Arrange a group of whole numbers from 0 to 1,000 in order. b) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 3/4, 5/8, 3/8, 9/10. c) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0.3, 1, 0, 0.09, 1.2, 0.67.

## 18) Measurement Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) 1m 1 km 1 cm 1 minute 1 hour 1 day 1 week 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 decade 1 century

= = = = = = = = = = = =

## cm m mm seconds minutes hours days months weeks days years years

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m) n) o) p) q) 1 century 1 millenium 1 kg 1 ton 1L = = = = = decades years g kg mL

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## 19) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)

a) 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, , , b) 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, , , c) 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21,

20) Time
a) Knows the meaning of AM and PM. b) Define DAY and YEAR in terms of the movement of the earth.

21) Money
a) Know 10 20 50 \$1, \$2, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50, \$100 and \$500 (50cent , , , piece), whole (silver) dollar by name and value. b) Be able to fair trade any combination of coins and bills. c) Find the value of any group of coins.

## 22) Proportional Thinking

a) Answer: On a certain map, 3 cm represents 500 km. How many km does 18 cm represent ? b) Answer: On a certain map, 3 cm represents 500 km. How far 1 m represent ? c) Answer: The distance around the Earth is about 24,000 km. At 3 cm for every 500 km, about how many cm would it take to represent the distance around the Earth?

23) Geometry
a) Identify and draw a circle, a square, a rectangle, and a triangle. *Identify and draw a pentagon, a hexagon, a decagon, and an octagon. b) Identify and draw various angles: acute, right, obtuse, and straight. c) Identify space figures: sphere, rectangular prism (aka box), cube, and pyramid. d) Figure the distance around things (perimeter), and count the number of square inside closed figures (area) using the formulas. e) Find the volume of simple boxes.

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24) Percent

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a) Find 8% of 300 for multiples 100 (200, 300) and submultiples of 100 (150, 225). *b) Find 0, 10, 25, 331/3, 50, 662/3, 75, 100, 200, and 250 percent of selected numbers. c) Figure price including tax and price after discount.

## 25) Properties of Numbers

a) Explain how the Identity for Multiplication [Every number times one (1) equals itself.] is used in renaming fractions. b) Explain how the Identity for Divison [Every number divided one (1) equals itself.] is used in reducing fractions.

## 26) Problem Solving

a) State: The whole is equal to the sum of its parts, and Any part equals the whole minus all of the other parts. b) Solve two and three step word problems using two or more operations. c) Develop and use various techniques in Problem Solving: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) breakdown the problem into simpler parts, apply the easier number method, draw a picture, make a table or chart, work backwards, mental math, trail and error (guess and check)

## 27) Data Analysis and Probability

a) Construct and interpret tables, bar graphs, pictographs, pie charts, and line graphs. b) Find the mode and median of appropriate data. c) Display all possible outcomes of a simple probability situation in an organized way. d) Express results of probability situations in various formats, including 2 out of 3, and 2/3.

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1) Counting
a) b) c) d)

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012, 15, 20, 25 (first 13 multiples of each number). 11,15, 20, 25, 50, 75 (first 10 multiples of each number). Count by 1/2s, 1/4s, 3/4s, 1/3s, 11/2s, 11/4s, 21/2s. Answer: How many 25s are there in 200? How many 15s in 60? How many 21/2s in 10? How many 11/2s in 30? for appropriate numbers.

2) Place Value
a) Count by 10s, 100s, 1,000s, 10,000s, 100,000s, and 1,000,000s. b) Say, 324 ones is the same as 3 hundreds, 2 tens, and 4 ones, for all wholes numbers up to 1,000. c) Read and write wholes numbers up to 1,000,000 in Standard Form and in Expanded Form. d) Identify the ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, hundred thousands , and millions place. e) Identify the ones, tenths, hundredths, and thousandths place. f) Answer: How many 10s, 100s and 1,000s are there in 10,000? g) Answer: How many 1/ 10s are there in one whole (1)? h) Answer: How many 1/ 100s are there in onetenth (1/ 10)?

## 3) Addition of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) Singledigit plus singledigit, sum up to 10. Singledigit plus singledigit, sum greater than 10. Answer: 79 plus what number is 100? for numbers up to 300. Add 10, 12, 20, and 100 to any number up to 1,000.

## 4) Subtraction of Whole Numbers Facts

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Singledigit minus singledigit, positive answer. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference equal to or greater than 10. Doubledigit minus singledigit, difference less than 10. Answer: 15 minus what number is 9? for numbers up to 1,000. Subtract 10, 12, 20, and 100 from any number up to 1,000. A multiple of 100 minus any number (300 17, 400 125). Singledigit minus singledigit, negative answer.

## 5) Multiplication of Whole Numbers Facts

a) Know the times tables from 0 times 0 up to 12 times 12.

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6) Division of Whole Numbers Facts
a) Divide any twodigit number by any onedigit number.

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## 7) Algorithm for Addition of Whole Numbers and Integers

a) Add any group of whole numbers, in any format. b) Add any group of integers.

## 8) Algorithm for Subtraction of Whole Numbers and Integers

a) Subtract any two whole numbers, in any format. b) Add any group of integers.

## 9) Algorithm for Multiplication of Whole Numbers

a) Multiply any whole number by any whole number.

## 10) Algorithm for Division of Whole Numbers

a) Divide any whole number by any whole number, with and without remainders.

11) Roundingoff
a) b) c) d) Roundoff any whole number to any place up to millions. Answer: Is 15/8 closer to 1or to 2? for appropriate numbers. Answer: Is 2.07 closer to 2 or to 3? for appropriate numbers. Roundoff any decimal fraction to nearest hundredth, tenth, and ones place.

## 12) Common Fraction Concepts

a) b) c) d) e) Find Least Common Multiple (LCM). Find Greatest Common Factor (GCF). Reduce fractions to lowest terms. Rewrite improper fractions as mixed numbers. Rewrite mixed numbers as improper fractions.

## 13) Addition and Subtraction of Common Fractions

a) Add and subtract any fractions, with and without common denominators.

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14) Multiplication and Division of Common Fractions
a) Multiply and divide any proper fractions.

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## 15) Decimal Fraction Concepts

a) Define the word decimal. b) Answer: What is the purpose of the decimal point? c) Answer: How many decimal points can a number have?

## 16) Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Fractions

a) Add and subtract any combination of decimals fractions (including whole numbers).

## 17) Multiplication and Division of Decimal Fractions

a) Multiply and divide any combination of decimals fractions (including whole numbers).

## 18) Fractional Parts

a) Knows that a quarter of and a onefourth of mean the same thing. b) Find half and quarter of all whole numbers up to 100. c) Find threequarters, onethird, and twothirds of selected whole numbers and fractions. d) Count by 1/2s, 1/4s, 3/4s, 1/3s, 2/3s, 11/2s, 21/2s. e) Count by 0.1s. f) Answer Half of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100. g) Answer A quarter of what number is? for whole numbers and half numbers from 0 to 100. h) Find 2/3 of 12 for appropriate fractions and whole numbers.

19) Ordering
a) Arrange a group of whole numbers from 0 to 1,000 in order. b) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 3/4, 5/8, 3/8, 9/10. c) Arrange a group of fractions containing 0.3, 1, 0, 0.09, 1.2, 0.67.

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20) Measurement Facts
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) 1m 1 km 1 cm 1 minute 1 hour 1 day 1 week 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 decade 1 century 1 century 1 millenium 1 kg 1 ton 1L = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = cm m mm seconds minutes hours days months weeks days years years decades years g kg mL

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r) Measure distance, capacity, and mass (weight) using the metric system.

## 21) Find the missing numbers(Patterns)

a) 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, , , b) 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, , , c) 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21,

22) Time
a) Knows the meaning of AM and PM. b) Define DAY and YEAR in terms of the movement of the earth.

23) Money
a) Know 10 20 50 \$1, \$2, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50, \$100, \$500, \$1000 (50cent , , , piece), whole (silver) dollar by name and value. b) Be able to fair trade any combination of coins and bills. c) Find the value of any group of coins.

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24) Proportional Thinking

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a) Answer: On a certain map, 3 cm represents 500 km. How many miles does 18 cm represent ? b) Answer: On a certain map, 3 cm represents 500 km. How one meter represent ? c) Answer: The distance around the Earth is about 24,000 km. At 3 cm for every 500 km, about how many cm would it take to represent the distance around the Earth?

25) Geometry
a) Identify and draw a circle, an ellipse, a square, a rectangle, a triangle, and a star. b) Figure the distance around things (perimeter), and count the number of square inside closed figures (area) using the formulas. c) Find the volume of simple boxes.

26) Percent
a) Find 0, 10, 25, 331/3, 50, 662/3, 75, 100, 200, and 250 percent of selected numbers. b) Find 7% of 300 for multiples and submultiples of 100.

## 27) Properties of Numbers

a) Explain how the Identity for Multiplication [Every number times one (1) equals itself.] is used in renaming fractions. b) Explain how the Identity for Division [Every number divided one (1) equals itself.] is used in reducing fractions. c) Explain why division by zero (0) is not allowed.

## 28) Problem Solving

a) State: The whole is equal to the sum of its parts, and Any part equals the whole minus all of the other parts. b) Solve two and three step word problems using two or more operations. c) Develop and use various techniques in Problem Solving: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) breakdown the problem into simpler parts, apply the easier number method, draw a picture, make a table or chart, work backwards, mental math, trail and error (guess and check) develop a mathematical model (an equation).

## d) Check answer for reasonableness.

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29) Data Analysis and Probability

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a) Construct and interpret tables, bar graphs, pictographs, pie charts, histograms, and line graphs. b) Find the mean, median, and mode of simple data sets. c) Use fractions and simple percentages to compare data. d) Plot ordered pairs, and interpret meaning in simple situations.

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Mathnasium

PreAlgebra Checklist
Grades 6, 7, & 8 Concepts, Facts, and Skills

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PreAlgebra Checklist
1) Whole Numbers
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) Counting (from any number, from any number, by any number) Grouping Basic Number Facts Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) Place value (grouping in 10s) Reading and writing whole numbers Comparing and ordering whole numbers Prime factoring Least Common Multiple Greatest Common Factor Roundingoff whole numbers Exponents and powers of whole numbers Multiplying and dividing by powers of 10 Divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 25, 100 Square roots of whole numbers perfect squares Locating whole numbers on the number line Word problems

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2) Common Fractions
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) Parts and Wholes The meaning of common fractions Expressing common fractions in lower terms Expressing common fractions in higher terms Counting (from any number, from any number, by any number) Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) Reading and writing common fractions (proper fractions, improper fractions, mixed numbers) Comparing and ordering common fractions Common denominators Roundingoff common fractions Reciprocals Powers of common fractions Ratio meaning of ratio various forms of ratio Square roots of common fractions Locating common fractions on the number line Word problems

n) o) p)

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PreAlgebra Checklist
3) Decimal Fractions
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) Place value Reading and writing decimal fractions Roundingoff decimal fractions Comparing and ordering decimal fractions Counting (from any number, from any number, by any number) Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) Multiplying and dividing by powers of 10 Scientific Notation Square of decimal fractions Reciprocals of decimal fractions Locating decimal fractions on the number line Word problems

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## 4) Common Fractions and Decimal Fractions

a) Changing common fractions to decimal fractions b) Changing decimal fractions to common fractions c) Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) of common fractions and decimal fractions d) The nature of repeating decimals

5) Percent
a) The meaning of percent b) Percents as common fractions c) Percents as decimal fractions d) Common fractions as percents e) Decimal fractions as percents f) Percent word problems: Type 1: 25% of 40 is what number? Type 2: 25% of what number is 10? Type 3: 10 is 25% of what number?

6) Parenthesis
a) The meaning of parenthesis b) Removing parenthesis c) Adding parenthesis

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PreAlgebra Checklist
7) Order of Operations
a) My Dear Aunt Sally (Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction) b) Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally (Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction) b) Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally and Let her Rest (Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction, Left to Right)

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## 8) Measurement (English and Metric)

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Time Weight Distance Area Volume Density Temperature

9) Fractional Parts
a) Find the part when the fractional part and whole are given (2/3 of 24 equals what number?) b) Find the whole when the fractional part and part are given (3/4 of what number 9?) c) Find the fractional part when the whole and part are given (8 is what part 12?)

10) Sets
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) The meaning of sets Set membership The Empty Set The Universal Set Subsets Intersection of sets Union of sets

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PreAlgebra Checklist
11) Number Patterns
a) Identifying patterns b) Finding the next number

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12) Graphs
a) Types of graphs: bar, circle, picto, line, area, stacked b) Reading graphs c) Making graphs

## 13) Statistics and Probability

a) Average (mean), median, and mode b) Probability and odds c) Combinations and permutations

14) Integers
a) b) c) d) e) f) The meaning of integers The concepts of opposites Locating integers on the number line Comparing and ordering integers Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) Word problems

## 14) Properties of numbers

a) b) c) d) e) f) Communative property Associative property Distributive property Identity property Inverse property Examples of non-communative, non-associative, and non-distributive operations.

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PreAlgebra Checklist
15) Relationships
a) Types of relationships greater than less than equal to greater than or equal to less than or equal to b) Properties of relationships reflective symmetric transitive

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## 16) Rational Numbers

a) b) c) d) e) f) The meaning of rational numbers Comparing and ordering rational numbers Locating rational numbers on the number line Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division Negative exponents Word problems

## 17) Irrational Numbers

a) The meaning of irrational numbers pi square roots phi (The Golden Section) b) Comparing and ordering irrational numbers c) Locating irrational numbers on the number line d) Computation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) e) Word problems

## 18) The Language of Algebra

a) b) c) d) Symbols Variables Terms and expressions Mathematical sentences open sentences equations inequalities

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PreAlgebra Checklist
19) Evaluation
a) Algebraic expressions b) Formulas

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## 20) Division by zero

a) A whole with no parts. b) As the denominator gets smaller and smaller

## 21) Algebraic Numbers

a) The meaning of algebraic numbers b) Similar terms c) Zero as an exponent

## 22) Linear Equations

a) Solving linear equations b) Word problems

## 23) Ratio and Proportion

a) b) c) d) The meaning of ratio The meaning of proportion Solving proportions Ratio and units of measure

24) Graphing
a) Labeling coordinate axis b) Ordered pairs c) Plotting points and lines

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PreAlgebra Checklist
25) Geometry
a) Points b) Lines: intersecting lines perpendicular lines parallel lines transversal c) Rays and Line segments d) distance e) Area and Perimeter parallelogram rectangle square trapezoid triangle circle f) Volume and Surface Area rectangular solid (a box) cube right circular cylinder (a soup can) sphere (a ball) pyramid g) Angles Naming angles: acute, right, obtuse Drawing angles h) Sum of the angles of a triangle i) Pythagorean Theorem

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## 26) The Concept of change

a) Amount of change b) Direction of change c) Percentage of change

## 27) Applied mathematics

a) b) c) g) h) i) j) Sales tax and discount Interest and commissions Change and banking Unit pricing Takehome pay Inflation Credit

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