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Trillium SS7 (Signaling System 7) / SIGTRAN Protocol Software | Continuous Computing (CCPU)

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SS7 / SIGTRAN
Trillium SS7 (Signaling System 7) protocol software enhances and extends the signaling capabilities of next-generation telecommunications network devices by enabling superior availability, performance and scalability. SS7 is a suite of global telecommunications protocol standards that define the procedures by which network elements within the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) exchange control information over digital signaling links for setting up, managing, and tearing down wireline and wireless calls. SS7 is also the protocol that defines the procedures to transport and process database queries necessary for providing todays advanced intelligent network (AIN) features and services. SS7 is increasingly being used to bridge the PSTN with next-generation Internet Protocol (IP) and 3G Wireless networks. Designed to improve network operation and to provide enhanced services, SS7 carries packetized data to form a low-delay, highly secure and reliable infrastructure that supports voice transport and services over the circuit-switched network. The SS7 standard has been extended for multiple country-specific variations, such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bellcore) standards within North America, and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) standard in Europe. Broadband standards have been defined to support transferring Signaling System 7 messages over ATM to take advantage of the higher speeds and Quality of Service (QoS) available in broadband networks. The SS7-over-IP standards support transporting SS7 messages over IPbased networks, which enables seamless convergence and inter-working of PSTN and IP protocols within a unified architecture.

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Trillium SS7 (Signaling System 7) / SIGTRAN Protocol Software | Continuous Computing (CCPU)

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SS7 Stack Diagram

SS7 Network Architecture

SS7 Solutions
The Trillium SS7 protocol software product line includes the following protocol layers: Intelligent Network Application Protocol (INAP) Capability Set 1 (CS1), as defined by the ITU, ETSI, and the Generic Requirement (GR) standards of the Telcordia Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) The interaction between the SSF, SCF, Specialized Resource Function (SRF), and the Service Data Function (SDF)

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ISDN User Part (ISUP) The signaling protocol to establish, maintain and release circuit-switched network connections across an SS7 network; can act as originating, destination or intermediate exchange ITU-T, Telcordia (formally Bellcore), ANSI, Singapore, Q.767, ETSI, FTZ, Russia, Italy, NTT (Japan), and other variants Mobile Application Part (MAP) Used by the Mobile Switching Center (MSC), Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN), and Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) in wireless networks to query the Home Location Register (HLR) or Visitor Location Register (VLR) to determine and/or verify subscriber services MTP1 Defines the physical and functional characteristics of the digital signaling link MTP2 Reliable transfer of signaling messages over signaling links ITU-T, ANSI, TTC (Japan), NTT (Japan), China, and other variants MTP3 Broadband and narrowband signaling traffic management, signaling link and route management Functionality as an SSP or STP; Direct inter-working with Trillium Q.2140 ATM ITU-T, ANSI, TTC (Japan), NTT (Japan), Singapore, China, B-ICI, and other variants Connection-oriented and/or connection-less services (Class 0, 1, 2, and 3) for transferring data across an SS7 network ITU-T, ANSI, and China variants End-to-end, connectionless network service protocol between transaction capability users across an SS7 network An ASN.1 encoding/decoding engine to encode/decode all operation codes and dialog parameters ITU-T, ANSI, ETSI, and TTC (Japan) variants Convergence functions necessary to map the SS7 MTP Level 3 protocol to the ATM Q.SAAL protocol ITU-T Q.2140, B-ISDN ATM Adaptation Layer SSCF at NNI and Q.2110, B-ISDN ATM Adaptation Layer SSCOP Establishing, maintaining and releasing circuit-switched network connections across an SS7 network; can act as the originating, destination, or intermediate exchange ITU-T and China variants The Motorola MC68360 SCC Driver portable software product supports the HDLC and SS7 interfaces. It can be directly used with Trillium LAPB, LAPD, Frame Relay, and MTP2 products. The Motorola MPC8260 Driver and MPC860 Driver portable software product supports the HDLC, AAL5, and SS7 interfaces. It can be directly used with the Trillium LAPB, LAPD, Frame Relay, ATM, and MTP2 products.

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Trillium SS7 (Signaling System 7) / SIGTRAN Protocol Software | Continuous Computing (CCPU)

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Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP) Transaction Capabilities Application Part (TCAP) Q.2140 Telephone User Part (TUP) Drivers

SIGTRAN
Trillium SIGTRAN (Signaling Transport) SS7/IP software source code solutions enable seamless convergence and inter-working of PSTN and IP protocols under a unified architecture. SIGTRAN is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard for transporting messagebased Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) Signaling System 7 (SS7) traffic over IP networks. The SIGTRAN framework defines a modular structure that uses a common reliable transport protocol and allows the definition of adaptation modules for different PSTN control protocols. The transport protocol, Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), allows carriers to use the IP infrastructure to transport SS7 telephony traffic over an IP network. Its generic design also provides a reliable transport delivery mechanism for other multimedia and wireless frameworks such as H.323, MGCP, H.248/MEGACO, SIP and 3G. SCTP supports node-to-node transport of SS7/ISDN traffic between Signaling Gateways (SGs)/ Media Gateways (MGs) and Media Gateway Controllers (MGCs). It works on the basic concept of associations and streams. An SCTP association: is similar to a TCP connection supports multiple IP addresses at either or both ends (multi-homing) supports multiple logical streams (multi-streaming) provides sequenced delivery for user datagrams within a single stream SCTPs design includes the appropriate congestion-avoidance behavior, message validation and path management capabilities required by the PSTN. Adaptation modules may be added as extensions to the transport protocol. The IETF SIGTRAN working group has defined adaptation modules for ISDN Q.921, MTP Level 2, MTP Level 3 and SCCP. The Trillium SIGTRAN protocol software family extends the value of a carriers legacy telephone network by carrying signaling traffic across SS7 and IP-based networks. SIGTRAN also facilitates seamless and ubiquitous deployment of applications and services regardless of the underlying network infrastructure. SIGTRAN plays a crucial role in these coexisting and converging SS7/IP signaling networks and is being deployed in an ever-growing number of network integration scenarios.

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SIGTRAN Stack Diagram

SIGTRAN Network Architecture

SS7/IP (SIGTRAN) Solutions


Trillium SIGTRAN protocol software encompasses the SCTP, IUA, M2UA, M3UA and SUA functionality defined by the IETF SIGTRAN Working Group. Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Network level fault tolerance through support of multi-homing Persistent associations Reliable data transport to handle missing and duplicated datagrams Elimination of head-of-line blocking Immediate delivery of out-of-band data Detection of session failure User-controlled heartbeat generation Congestion control algorithms Bundling of multiple application PDUs into a single message for improved transport efficiency
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Data segmentation to conform to discovered path MTU size Random tag and authentication cookie security mechanisms ISDN User Adaptation Layer (IUA) Backhauls Q.921 user messages (X.25, Q.931, Q.SIG) over IP using SCTP Transport of Q.921/Q.931 (Q.921/X.25, Q.921/Q.SIG) boundary primitives Communication between protocol management modules on the SG and MGC Supports management of active associations between the SGs and MGCs LAPV User Adaptation Layer (V5UA) Backhauls LAPV user signaling (i.e. V5) messages over IP using SCTP Management of active associations between SGP and ASP Mapping between a V5 interface ID and the physical interface (E1), and the associated signaling channel at the SGP DPNSS/DASS2 User Adaptation Layer (DUA) Backhauls DPNSS or DASS2 user (i.e. DPNSS Layer 3) signaling messages over IP using SCTP Management of active associations between SGP and ASP Mapping between a DPNSS/DASS2 user type and the physical interface (E1), and the associated signaling channel at the SGP MTP Level 2 User Adaptation Layer (M2UA) Backhauls SS7 MTP Level 3 user signaling messages over IP using SCTP Transport of MTP Level 2/MTP Level 3 boundary primitives Communication between protocol management modules on the SG and MGC Supports management of active associations between the SGs and MGCs MTP2-User Peer-to-Peer Adaptation Layer (MTP2) Backhauls SS7 MTP Level 3 user signaling messages over IP using SCTP in peer-to-peer architectures Transport of MTP Level 2/MTP Level 3 boundary primitives Used between SG and MGC SG and IPSP IPSP and IPSP Supports management of active associations between the SGs, MGCs, and IPSPs MTP Level 3 User Adaptation Layer (M3UA) Supports the transport of any SS7 MTP Level 3 user signaling (ISUP and SCCP) messages over IP using SCTP Mapping of primitives received from the MTP Level 3 user layer to the corresponding SCTP primitives, associations, streams and vice-versa Same upper interface as MTP Level 3 Carries MTP Level 3 User Part Signaling, such as ISUP, SCCP and TUP Management of SCTP transport associations between the SG and MGC/IP databases Nodal Interworking Function that provides seamless mapping between MTP Level 3 and M3UA Active association control and failover Seamless interworking of MTP Level 3 network management functions between SS7 and IP domains Dynamic routing key registration

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Ability to distribute user traffic to multiple application server processors within an application server SCCP User Adaptation Layer (SUA) Supports the transport of SCCP user signaling (TCAP, RANAP) messages over IP using SCTP. Carries SCCP User Part signaling such as TCAP and RANAP Allows seamless interworking between SCCP in both the SS7 and IP domains Supports operation between SCCP peers in an all-IP domain

Protocols
TRILLIUM SS7 / SIGTRAN SOFTWARE
Trillium SS7 Telephony (Broadband)

MTP3-B - MTP Level3 Broadband Q.2140 - MTP3 Q.SAAL Convergence Layer


Trillium SS7 Telephony (Narrowband)

CAP - CAMEL Application Part INAP - Intelligent Network Application Part ISUP - ISDN User Application Part MAP 3G - 3G Mobile Application Part MAP IS-41 - Mobile Application Part IS-41 MTP2 - Message Transfer Part Level 2 MTP3 - Message Transfer Part Level 3 SCCP - Signaling Connection Control Part TCAP - Transaction Capability Application Part
Trillium SIGTRAN

DUA - DPNSS/DASS-2 User Adaptation Layer IUA - ISDN Q.921 User Adaptation Layer M2PA - SS7 MTP Level 2 Peer-to-Peer User Adaptation Layer M2UA - SS7 MTP Level 2 User Adaptation Layer M3UA - SS7 MTP Level 3 User Adaptation Layer SCTP - Stream Control Transmission Protocol SUA - SCCP User Adaptation Layer V5UA - V5 User Adaptation Layer

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