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# CNS-EE 1: ELECTRICITY/MAGNETISM/ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS/ SEMICONDUCTORS 1. Two point charge 10 cm apart produces a force of 1 x 10^-3 g.

If the charges are of equal magnitude, what is the charge in statcoulomb? 9.899 statcoulomb 2. Usually, the charge magnitude of a test-charge is equal to q (the charge of electron)

15. The voltage or emf induced when the magnetic field is moving or changing and a conductor is stationary. Statically induced emf 16. Reluctance is analogous to resistance in electrical circuits and has a unit of At/Wb, its reciprocal is Permeance

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Who was the first to introduce the concept of field lines? Michael Faraday

What magnetic materials that can be easily magnetized in both directions? Soft magnetic materials At what temperature does a magnetic material loses its ferromagnetic properties? Curie temperature

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When a charge distribution is symmetric, often we use _____ to simplify electric field calculations. Gauss Law

19. According to _____, the algebraic sum of the rises and drops of the mmf around a closed loop of a manetic circuit is equal to zero. Amperes circuital law 20. Gaussmeter measures flux density using what principle? Hall effect 21. An electromagnetic switch consisting of a multiturn coil wound on a iron core and an armature. Electromechanical relay 22. What do you call of an electromagnet with its core in the form of a close magnetic ring? Toroid

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Determine the magnitude of the electric field inside a sphere that encloses a net charge of 2 C. 0 (zero)

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What is the total electric flux through the surface of a closed sphere enclosing a net charge of 2 C? 2.26 x 105 NC-1m2

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The potential gradient at a particular point is numerically equal to _____ at the point. Electric intensity

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To get a higher value of capacitance in a capacitor the dielectric must be constructed as thin as possible

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An electrical device has a resistance of 10 and is supplied with a 5 ampere constance current source. If the device is rated 100 Vdc, determine its power consumed. 250 W

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## What is the reciprocal of capacitance? Elastance

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10. What is the unit of elastance? Daraf 11. Law which shows that the force of attraction or repulsion between two magnetic poles is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. Coulombs second law 12. When a magnetic substance is placed near a magnet it will become a magnet also, this phenomenon is known as magnetic induction

The power dissipated by a 10 load resistor with a current rating of 5 amperes is _____ if supplied with a 20 volt dc potential. 40 W

25. How do you connect cells to form a battery useful for high-power applications? In series-parallel 26. In a mesh, the algebraic sum of all voltages and voltage drops is equal to zero. Kirchhoffs second law 27. The sum of all currents entering a junction is equal to the sum of currents leaving away from the junctions. Kirchhoffs first law

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The capacity of a substance to become magnetized, and expressed as the ratio between the magnetization produced in a substance to the magnetizing force producing it. Magnetic susceptibility

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If a copper wire has an inferred absolute zero of -234.5 /Co, determine its temperature coefficient of resistance at 25 /oC? 0.00385 /oC

14. The voltage induced in a conductor is directly proportional to the rate of change of flux being cut. Faradays second law of electromagnetic induction

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A certain Thevenin equivalent circuit has parameters RTH = 10 and VTH = 20V. If this is converted to Nortons equivalent circuit, RN and IN would be 10 and 2A

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## What is the average voltage of an alternating voltage, 70.71 V ?

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What will be the current equation in a series RC network if supplied with source. The circuit has a power factor pf = 0.5?

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RN and IN of a Nortons equivalent circuit are known to be 100 and 10A, respectively. If a 400 load is connected, it will have a load current of 2 A 44.

45. The power factor (pf) of a series LC circuit is 0 46. What will happen when the power factor of a circuit is increased? Active power increases

31. A chosen closed path of current flow in a network. In making this current path there should be no node nor elements that are passed more than once. Mesh 32. A set of circuit elements that forms a closed path in a network over which signal can circulate. Loop 33. In a network. What do we call a reference point chosen such that more branches in a circuit met. Node 34. A common connection between circuit elements or conductors from different branches. Junction 35. A secondary cell whose active positive plate consists of nickel hydroxide, and active negative plate material is powered iron oxide mixed with cadmium. Its typical out-put when fully charged is VO = 1.2V. Edison cell 36. The maximum current a cell can deliver through a 0.01 ohm load during testing. Flash current 37. In batteries, the material used to insulate the positive plates from negative plates are technically called Separator

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The apparent power of a series RC network is given to be 4000 W. If R = 6 , and XC = 8 , calculate the true power of the network. 2400 W

48. What is the significance of connecting loads in parallel? It allows independent operations of loads 49. If a circuit has an admittance of Y = 0.2 + j0.6, the circuit is Capacitive 50. The circuit admittance is Y = 0.2 j0.6, the circuit is Inductive 51. What will happen to a parallel ac-circuit if its line frequency is more than the resonant frequency? Becomes capacitive 52. If the line frequency of a parallel ac-circuit is less than the resonant frequency, the circuit behaves as Reactive 53. Absolutely, when can we say that the circuit is at resonance? When the voltage and current are in-phase 54. Inventor of kaleidoscope, a Scottish physicist who says that for any dielectric reflector, the relationship in which the refractive index is equal to the tangent of the polarizing angle. Brewster, Sir David 55. He invented the light-controlled valve which allowed lighthouses to operate automatically and won him the 1912 Nobel prize in Physics, Who was this Swedish industrial engineer? Dalen, Nils 56. British chemist who invented the electrical primary cell. Daniell, John Frederic 57. An English obstetrician who introduced ultrasound scanning. He pioneered its use as a means of scanning the growing fetus without exposure to x-rays.

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Three resistors, R1 = 60 , R2 = 80 and R3 = 100 are connected in delta. If the network is to be transformed into star what would be the value of the resistor opposite R2? 25.0

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## When can an ac-voltage, reach its first peak? 240 ms

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The time taken by an alternating voltage, to reach 20V for the first time 15.3 ms

41. What is the frequency of an alternating current, if it reaches 45 degrees within 120ms? 60 Hz

Donald, Ian

Energy gap 72.The energy gap between the valence band and conduction band of a semiconductor is in the order of one electron volt (1 ev) 73.Typical range of the resistivity of a semiconductor. 10 104 -cm 74.Chemical bond that is significant in metals. Metallic bonding

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He investigated heat and light, discovered eddy currents induced in a copper disc moving in a magnetic field, invented a polarizer, and made improvement in the electric arc. Who was this French physicist who invented gyroscope? Foucault, Jean Bernard Leon

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The people responsible for the development of the practical transformers. Lucien Gaulard & John Gibbs

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A German scientist who helped prove the law of conservation of energy, invented the opthalmoscope, constructed a generalized form of electrodynamics, and foresaw the atomic structure of electricity. Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von

75.What do you call a semiconductor that is doped with both donor and acceptor impurities? Compensated semiconductor 76.The resistance of a semiconductor is known as bulk resistance 77.Silicon is widely used over germanium due to its several advantages, what do you think is its most significant advantage? Low leakage current 78.Current flow in a semiconductor that is due to the applied electric field. Drift current

61. Who was this US physicist who invented the cyclotron which pioneered the production of artificial radioisotopes? Lawrence, Ernest 62. A German physicist who investigated the photoelectric effect (light causes metals to emit electrons) and cathode rays (the stream of electrodes emitted from the cathode in a vacuum tube). Lenard, Phillip 63. British physicist who studied the emission of electricity from hot bodies, giving the name thermionics of the subject. Richardson, Owen 64. An English physicist and chemist who pioneered research into the radioactive decay of atoms and coined the term isotope. Soddy, Frederick 65. A Japanese physicist who discovered the subatomic particles called the meson in 1935. Yukawa, Hideki

79.The movement of charge carriers in a semiconductor even without the application of electric potential. Diffusion current 80.Typically, how much energy is required for a valence electron to move to the conduction band for a doped semiconductor? 0.05 eV 81.In energy band diagram of a doped semiconductor, the donor level is near the conduction band 82.The acceptor level in a doped semiconductor

66. Elements that has four valence electrons are classified as elemental semiconductor 67. The atomic number of an element represents the number of protons or electrons 68. The type of crystal lattice in silicon and germanium. Face centered cubic (fcc) 69. What is the total charge at the nucleus of silicon atom? 14e C 70. Which of the following element configuration that resembles an alkali metal? Filled-shell-plus-one-electron 71. Energy required by a valence electron before it can move or transfer towards the conduction band.

is near the valence band level 83.What is used in the study of the behavior of free electrons in a conducting material? Fermi-Dirac 84.In statistical mechanics, what distribution function is best used in analyzing photons? Bose-Einstein 85.In quantum statistics, the most suitable functions to be used in the molecular analysis of gas is Maxwell-Boltzmann 86.What do you call the boundary between the energy filled level and empty level in a semiconductor material? Fermi level 87.Which energy level that has free electrons? Below the Fermi level

88.The potential required to remove a valence electron. Ionization potential 89.A semiconductor that is classified as a metalloid or semimetal. Germanium (Ge) 90.Which statement is not true? Silicon has an oxidation state of negative four (-4) 91.Compound semiconductors are also known as inter-metallic semiconductors 92.What semiconductor that is mostly used in devices requiring the emission absorption of lights? Compound semiconductor

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## Calculate the total carrier mobility in a

semiconductor if the impurity scattering L = 0.3 m2/vs. 0.14 m2/vs 104. Semiconductor that has the highest heat conductivity and therefore used as a heat sink. Diamond 105. The semiconductor that is used in xerography. Selenium (Se) 106. What semiconductor that is good for hightemperature applications? Silicon carbide (SiC) 107. Among the given semiconductors below, which has the highest mobility? Indium antimonide 108. For an electroluminescent of green and red lights, which semiconductor is best? Gallium phosphide

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For high-speed integrated circuit, which semiconductor material given is best to be used?

Gallium arsenide

94. How much impurity concentration is needed for a sample of silicon to change its electrical property from a poor conductor to a good conductor? One part per million 95. The restriction of certain discrete energy levels in a semiconductor material can be predicted generally by using what model? Bohr model 96. At room temperature, in a perfect silicon crystal, the equilibrium concentration of thermally generated electrons in the conduction band is about 1.5 x 1010 per cubic cm. 97. What is the basis in operations of semiconductor photoconductors? EHP optical generation 98. A silicon sample at equilibrium has a electron concentration of 1.5 x 1010 /cm3, and is doped with 1015 donors/cm3. Calculate the minoritycarrier concentrations. 2.25 x 105/cm3 99. Impurities with energy level or states close to the band edges are called shallow states. 100. When an impurity used in doping produces a level or state that is close to the center of the gap, it is called _____ impurity. Deep state 101. The mobility of electrons and holes in a semiconductor are affected mainly by what scattering mechanisms? Impurity and lattice scattering 102. In semiconductors, what scattering mechanism that has a the smallest effect? Crystal imperfection scattering

109. A semiconductor glass is known as amorphous semiconductor 110. Typical range of power dissipation for a semiconductor be considered as low power or small signal. Less than 1 watt

111. Before an electron can participate in the conduction of electricity, it must leave from the valence band and transfer to the conduction band. Transferring to be conduction band involves energy acquisition by an electron from external sources and this energy must be greater than the energy gap of the material. Which semiconductor material has the highest energy gap? Zinc Sulfide (Zns) 112. Which of the following semiconductors has the smallest energy gap? InSb 113. The ease with which a charge carrier (electron or hole) moves in a semiconductor material is known as mobility. It is InSb 114. In semiconductor materials, electrons have a higher value of mobility than holes, but which

semiconductor material has the slowest electronmobility? AlP 115. What is the average lattice constant of most semiconductors materials? 0.5 nm 116. What is formed when an n-type and p-type semiconductors are brought together? Pn junction

## An apple a day, is seven apples a week. -ren & judz

An apple a day, Keeps the doctor away, But if the doctor is cute, Forget the fruit -reilyn