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Bonding HA and MT

Bonding

High Availability Maximum Throughput

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 2

High Availability

HA goal is to provide the maximum availability of network connectivity HA configurations have redundant or backup network devices or (and) links between the host and the rest of the world

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 3

HA Single Switch Topology

No availability penalty to optimizing for maximum bandwidth

Host A

Host B

To other networks

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 4

HA Multiple Switch Topology

A trade off between network speed and availability


Switch A port1 port1 Switch B

port2 Host A

port2

ether1 To other networks

ether2
MikroTik, 2006

To other networks

mum 2006 Dallas

Slide: 5

Bonding and LM Modes

active-backup is the preferred mode broadcast is a special purpose mode

Depends upon capabilities of the switch ARP monitoring provides better level of reliability

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 6

Maximum Throughput
It means nothing more than

THROUGHTPUT

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 7

MT Single Switch Topology: Gatewayed

Traffic to and from the bonded device will be to the same MAC level peer on the network
Host A Router

mum 2006 Dallas

To other networks
MikroTik, 2006 Slide: 8

MT Single Switch Topology: Local

Each destination (Host B, Host C) will be addressed directly by their individual MAC addresses
Host A Switch

Host C

Host B

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 9

Bonding Modes: balance-rr

The only mode that permit a single TCP/IP connection to stripe traffic across multiple interfaces Packets may arrive out of order This mode requires the switch to have the appropriate ports configured for "etherchannel" or "trunking

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 10

Bonding Modes: balance-xor


Packets destined for specific peers will always be sent over the same interface Works best in a "local" network configuration Switch ports need to be configured for "etherchannel" or "trunking.

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 11

Bonding Modes: 802.3ad


Standard Almost no switch configuration Distributes traffic by peer Same speed and duplex ARP monitor is not available in this mode

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 12

Bonding Modes: balance-tlb


Balances outgoing traffic by peer All incoming traffic arrives over a single interface ARP monitor is not available

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 13

Bonding Modes: balance-alb


Almost the same as balance-tlb balances incoming traffic from local network peers device driver must support changing the hardware address while the device is open

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 14

Promiscuous Mode

balance-rr, balancexor, broadcast and 802.3ad active-backup, balance-tlb and balance-alb

all slaves

active slave

mum 2006 Dallas

MikroTik, 2006

Slide: 15