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Frequency Band Designations

Military Radar Bands


Military radar band nomenclature (L, S, C, X, Ku, K and Ka bands) originated during World War II as a secret code so scientists and engineers could talk about frequencies without divulging them. After the war the codes were declassified, millimeter (mm) was added, and the designations were eventually adopted by the IEEE -- Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers. Military radar band nomenclature is widely used today in radar, satellite and terrestrial communications, and electronic countermeasure applications, both military and commercial. -- Military Radar Bands Radar Band Frequency Notes HF 3 - 30 MHz High Frequency VHF 30 - 300 MHz Very High Frequency UHF 300 - 1000 MHz Ultra High Frequency L 1 - 2 GHz S 2 - 4 GHz C 4 - 8 GHz X 8 - 12 GHz Ku 12 - 18 GHz K 18 - 27 GHz Ka 27 - 40 GHz mm 40 - 300 GHz millimeter wavelength
Table A-4
Military HF, VHF, UHF same as Radio Band HF, VHF, UHF respectively.

ITU Radar Bands


The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) specifies bands designated for radar systems as described in the table below. The ITU bands are sub-bands of military designations. Table A-5 -- International Telecommunications Union Radar Bands ITU Band Frequency 138 - 144 MHz VHF 216 - 225 MHz

UHF L S C X Ku K Ka

420 - 450 MHz 890 - 942 MHz 1.215 - 1.400 GHz 2.3 - 2.5 GHz 2.7 - 3.7 GHz 5.250 - 5.925 GHz 8.500 - 10.680 GHz 13.4 - 14.0 GHz 15.7 - 17.7 GHz 24.05 - 24.25 GHz 33.4 - 36.0 GHz

VHF -- Very High Frequency UHF -- Ultra High Frequency

Radio Bands
Radio band designations are summarized below. Note that the radio band chart includes wavelength. In the early days of radio it was easier to measure wavelength than frequency. Table A-6 -- Radio Frequency Bands Band Nomenclature Frequency Wavelength ELF Extremely Low Frequency 3 - 30 Hz 100,000 - 10,000 km SLF Super Low Frequency 30 - 300 Hz 10,000 - 1,000 km ULF Ultra Low Frequency 300 - 3000 Hz 1,000 - 100 km VLF Very Low Frequency 3 - 30 kHz 100 - 10 km LF Low Frequency 30 - 300 kHz 10 - 1 km MF Medium Frequency 300 - 3000 kHz 1 km - 100 m HF High Frequency 3 - 30 MHz 100 - 10 m VHF Very High Frequency 30 - 300 MHz 10 - 1 m UHF Ultra High Frequency 300 - 3000 MHz 1 m - 10 cm SHF Super High Frequency 3 - 30 GHz 10 - 1 cm EHF Extremely High Frequency 30 - 300 GHz 1 cm - 1 mm

ECM Bands
The electronic countermeasures (ECM) industry occasionally refers to band designations as described below. Table A-7 -- ECM Bands Band Frequency A 30 - 250 MHz B 250 - 500 MHz C 500 - 1,000 MHz D 1 - 2 GHz

E F G H I J K L M

2 - 3 GHz 3 - 4 GHz 4 - 6 GHz 6 - 8 GHz 8 - 10 GHz 10 - 20 GHz 20 - 40 GHz 40 - 60 GHz 60 - 100 GHz