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Code No: R05320807 Set No.

1
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PETROLEUM AND PETROL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. Discuss the origin of petroleum. Explain about the composition of petroleum.[8+8]

2. Explain about

(a) Viscosity and different methods for determining viscosity.


(b) Octane number and knock characteristics
(c) Cetane number. [6+6+4]

3. What are the important top products of atmospheric distillation of crude oil? Dis-
cuss their end uses in detail. [8+8]

4. What is a selecto process? Explain the process with a neat flow sheet. [16]

5. Write shot notes on :

(a) Hydro Forming


(b) Regenerative processes
(c) Aromatics production
(d) Napthene Dehydrogenation [16]

6. Explain the production of carbonmonoxide in the Tenneco’s Cosorb process and


also ranges of operation. [16]

7. Explain the production of Methylamines, in detail. [16]

8. With the aid of flow sheet,explain the vinyl acetate manufacture from Acetylene.
[16]

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Code No: R05320807 Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PETROLEUM AND PETROL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Write about the history of petroleum refining in India. Explain about the profile
of India’s major oil fields. [8+8]

2. How the products from petroleum refinery are classified? Give the significance of
each fraction and its consumption patterns. [16]

3. Explain in detail about the concept of integrated refineries. [16]

4. What is hydrodesulfurization? Describe the process with flow sheet. [16]

5. With the help of flow sheet, discuss about the Houndry Fixed Bed catalytic re-
forming process. [16]

6. Enumerate the various sources and methods for obtaining carbonmonoxide feed
stock. [16]

7. Describe the process with neat flow sheet of formaldehyde manufacture by silver
catalysts,BASF process with off gas recycle. [16]

8. Describe with a neat flow sheet,the ethylene oxide production by oxygen oxidation
using shell process. [16]

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Code No: R05320807 Set No. 3
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PETROLEUM AND PETROL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Describe the history of petroleum crude exploration in India. [16]

2. Discuss the various physical properties of lubricating oils. [16]

3. Explain in detail about the concept of integrated refineries. [16]

4. What is Edeleanu process of extraction for treatment of petroleum products? De-


scribe the process with flow sheet. [8+8]

5. Define Acid alkylation. Explain the process of sulphuric acid alkylation. [16]

6. Explain the cryogenic production of carbon monoxide, scrubbing with liquid methane.
[16]

7. Write the various categories of processes for the manufacture of Formaldehyde.[16]

8. Describe the Ethylene chlorohydrin process with the help of salient chemical reac-
tions. [16]

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Code No: R05320807 Set No. 4
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PETROLEUM AND PETROL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) what are the different ways of transporting petroleum crude and Products?
(b) What are the different forms of sulphur compounds present in Petroleum
crude? [8+8]

2. Explain about

(a) Viscosity and different methods for determining viscosity.


(b) Octane number and knock characteristics
(c) Cetane number. [6+6+4]

3. What are the important top products of atmospheric distillation of crude oil? Dis-
cuss their end uses in detail. [8+8]

4. (a) How does mercaptan effect a petroleum products? Describe the process to
remove mercaptans.
(b) What treatment methods are employed to improve the quality of lubes? Ex-
plain.
[10+6]

5. Outline the procedure for recycling in Butane plants. [16]

6. Explain the construction and operation of methanol manufactureing ICI reactor.


Also explain the methanol manufacturing process using this reactor.
[16]

7. Explain the alternative processes used for the manufacturing ethylene glycol in the
petroleum industry. [16]

8. With flow diagram,explain the Acetaldehyde production from Acetylene by using


Chisso process. [16]

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