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http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/5-Legendary-discoveries-new-Measures-againsteutrophication; A new solution to the problem of eutrophication. S.A.Ostroumov (M.V.

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow)

[Series: Fundamental Discoveries. Item 5]; additional key words: eutrophication, principles, new, chemicals, methodology, bivalves, detergents, surfactants, ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, , , Innovation / Discovery Why it is useful Which questions were answered; and Who cited papers presenting various aspects of this innovation Which questions were answered : The author answers the questions: Are there any other key factors contributing to eutrophication except for an increase in P, N, temperature, and stagnation of water? Are there any other man-made (anthropogenic) factors that stimulate eutrophication, in addition to extra loads of P and/or N? ** Who cited some of the authors papers presenting various aspects of this innovation or related subjects: Water quality of effluent-dominated ecosystems: ecotoxicological, hydrological, and management considerations. Bryan W. Brooks, Timothy M. Riley & Ritchie D. Taylor; Hydrobiologia (2006) 556: 365379; http://www.scribd.com/doc/50340173/; Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner. Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels. -Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 27(2): 409-423. 2008; doi: 10.1899/07-058.1; http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1899/0 7-058.1; Where this innovation / discovery was published
Ostroumov S. A. The Synecological Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, v.381, No.1-6; pp.559-562. http://www.scribd.com/ doc/49065550/; and other papers by the same author;

A new reason for and factor contributing to the symptom of eutrophication, excessive abundance of phytoplankton, was discovered in this paper. This factor was discovered to be a decrease in activity of filterfeeders in the aquatic ecosystem. The author discovered that it is surfactants and detergent that decrease the filtering activity of filter-feeders exemplified by bivalve mollusks. Thus in the paper, a new link was

As a result of his new experiments, the author discovered an additional and important factor that contributes to eutrophication. This factor is connected with neither P, nor N. This factor is surfactants which inhibit filterfeeders. As a result, a new methodology and measures to prevent and control eutrophication are proposed. Application: to ensure water sustainability , and water quality.

discovered between chemical pollution with ecotoxicants (exemplified by surfactants and detergents) and eutrophiucation. A new solution was suggested to solve the problem of eutrophication. This solution is a decrease in chemical pollution of water with detergents which have surfactants as part of their chemical composition.

M.C.T. Scholten, E. M. Foekema, H. P. Dokkum, N. H.B.M. Kaag, and R.G. Jak, Eutrophication Management and Ecotoxicology; Springer, 2005, 122 p. 75 illus., Hardcover; ISBN: 978-3-54022210-1;

OTHER EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]; Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification) http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/; additional key words: ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]; New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545/ ; additional key words: book, detergents, surfactants, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 3]; Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification; http://www.scribd.com/doc/61179989/3-Legendary-discoveries-top-Down-Control-Inhibitory-analysis; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 4]; New: a solution to the problem of criteria for ecohazards of chemicals, and negative anthropogenic effects on organisms and biota. http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549/; 2

[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 5]: A new solution to the problem of eutrophication: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61241602/ [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 6]: New Measurements. Role of Pellets of Mollusks in Fluxes of Chemical Elements. http://www.scribd.com/doc/61247059/; A list of other fundamental discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59437439/; CITATION: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/54504932/-Table-worldWideCiting3-05; Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505/ A list of who cited those discoveries: http://www.scribd.com/doc/58228788/; Citation of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov / ... .. Updt/ http://www.scribd.com/doc/58353188/Cited-ostroumov-big-Listupd-June21-2011-Nov8; OTHER EVALUATIONS of works of this author: Evidence of merit. Comments in published editions, reviews; other forms of evaluation of publications and works by Dr. S. A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/59068679/; On the book: Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology. Moscow University Press, 1986: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4575; Reviews, evaluations of books by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401/; About the publications by S.A. Ostroumov (opinion of a member of Russian Academy of Sciences): http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5724; Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A. Ostroumovs works: comments of international experts of 10+ countries, citation in scientific literature worldwide. Updated April 26, 2011 : http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7034; About the author: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/; On Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost;

Additional references and sites: a series of relevant papers by the same author, in Doklady Biological Sciences and other journals: www.scribd.com/ar55/documents?page=7; 3

List of relevant papers with sites, abstracts, and key words online free (39 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/46454069/List-scribd-7January2011; List of relevant papers with sites, some of them with abstracts, and key words online free (6 pages): http://www.scribd.com/doc/50651350/-PAPERS-online-S-Ostro; EDUCATION : The discoveries and made by this author, and the new factual data generated have a proved innovative potential to be used as a refreshing addition to the following lecture courses and educational seminars on a number of subjects including: Environmental monitoring; Environmental sciences ; Environmental studies ; Environmental chemistry ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental ethics ; Environmental protection ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental policy ; Environmental management ; Environmental engineering ; Ecology ; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic science; Sustainability ; Biotechnology ; Limnology ; Zoology ; Pollution ; Water quality ; Biosphere ; Aquatic bioresources ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservation biology ; Biochemical ecology ; Chemical ecology ; Ecological chemistry ; Bioassay ; Assessment of environmental hazards ; Man-made effects ; Anthropogenic impact ; Natural resources ; Eco-ethics ; Nanomaterials ; Nanoscience ; Biogeochemistry ; Geochemistry ; 4

Phytotechnology ; Phytoremediation ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological oceanography ; Water resources ; Water pollution ; Organic pollutants ; Soil, water and air pollution ; Inorganic pollutants ; Applied ecology ; Xenobiology ; Xenobiotics ; Invertebrates ; Freshwater biology ; Marine biology ; Plant-animal interactions ; Conservation of nature ; Hydrobiology ; Aquatic ecology ; Biotesting ; Phytotest ; Plant biology ; Biotransformation ; Global change ; Interations among organisms ; Toxicology of environment ; Protected areas ; Some of Dr. S. Ostroumovs scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumovs publications are being used to modernize education: http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/Modernizing-education-Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/nlov; ** MORE KEY WORDS IN OTHER LANGUAGES (the series of publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov): , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , ; , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , C, N, P, Si, Al, , , , , , , , ;

Biogeochemie, Pellets, neue, chemische Elemente, Flussmittel, Methodik, Muscheln, Weichtieren, Waschmittel, Tenside, hemmen, kotoxikologie, Umwelt-Chemie, Wasser, Nachhaltigkeit, aquatische, kosysteme, Swasser-, Meeres-, Ressourcen, ecosafety, Biodiversitt, Schutz, Erhaltung, Dienstleistungen, Hydrosphre, Umweltverschmutzung, Steuer-, Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff, Phosphor, Silizium, Aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, Klimawandel, globale, Erwrmung, Prvention, Umwelt-, Schutz-, ecosafety CNPSi ; ; biogeoqumica, pellets, nuevos, elementos qumicos, los flujos, la metodologa, los bivalvos, moluscos, detergentes, surfactantes, inhibir, ecotoxicologa, qumica ambiental, el agua, la sostenibilidad, acuticos, los ecosistemas, de agua dulce, marinos, recursos, seguridad ambiental, la biodiversidad, la proteccin, conservacin , los servicios, la hidrosfera, la contaminacin, control, carbono, nitrgeno, fsforo, silicio, aluminio, C, N, P, Si, Al, el clima, el cambio, el calentamiento global, la prevencin, medio ambiente, proteccin, biogochimie, des pastilles, de nouvelles, les lments chimiques, des flux, la mthodologie, les bivalves, les mollusques, les dtergents, tensioactifs, inhiber, l'cotoxicologie, la chimie de l'environnement, l'eau, la durabilit; aquatiques, les cosystmes, d'eau douce, marins, les ressources, la scurit environnementale, biodiversit, la protection, la conservation , les services, l'hydrosphre, la pollution, le contrle, carbone, azote, phosphore, silicium, aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, le climat, le changement, rchauffement global, la prvention, l'environnement, la protection, C N P ;