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Annual Report 2010-2011

Plots S1-S2 Air Force Nagar, TSP Road Veerapuram, Chennai 600055 INDIA Tel: +91 44 26840209 Email: info@isd.org.in

CONTENTS

Pages

1. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 3. 4 5. 1 2. 3. 4.

Introduction Programme Areas Child Educational Support Programme (CESP) Health Programmes Water and Sanitation Sector Research at ISD Institutional Strengthening Our Supporters Financial Status

1 3 3 9 10 38 41 41 42

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1. INTRODUCTION The Karalapakkam Society for Rural and Sustainable Development (KSRSD) was established in the year 2000 to continue the activities of the Rural Development Centre, Karalapakkam which was earlier a unit of the Madras School of Social Work and now, by all means, function as an independent organisation. The rural development centre with 4500 sq ft building, infrastructure, with health unit, vocational training unit and selected activities at the village level in Karalapakkam has been handed over to the village committee as an effort of empowering the rural community to plan and implement their own programmes. Guidance is provided as and when required by them. rural Now KSRSD in focuses the its activities in the more Block) disadvantaged villages Periyapalayam (Ellapuram

Panchayat Union in Thiruvallur district. KSRSD works on the premise of Sustainable Development, with a pro-nature, pro-poor and pro-women approach. Health, Education and Livelihood Enhancement are the primary focus areas for KSRSD at present and Women and Children are the main concern. Realising the need for conducting research, training and extension in sustainable development, KSRSD mandated to initiate an institution dedicated to sustainable development. Thus, Institute of Sustainable Development was formed in the year 2005 with a vision to emerge as a full fledged multidisciplinary resource centre to think globally and act locally in the arena of sustainable development. Further, ISD has chosen water, sanitation and climate change as the theme for its activities for the decade 2005-2014. The year 2010-11 was brimming with activities and many new collaborative projects emerged, especially in water sector. An effort is made to bring a comprehensive narrative account of all the activities carried out by KSRSD directly as well as through its unit ISD, during the year 2010-11 in this report. The achievements can be attributed only to the untiring effort of the team at KSRSD and the inspiration they derive from the patronage of a number of individuals, organizations, and the rural community with whom

the team work. We sincerely thank all those who joined us in our struggles as well as happiness. We earnestly bank on their continued support. Status of the KSRSD Registration: Under TN Societies Registration Act XXVII of 1975 (Reg. No.455/2000). Registration is updated up to: 2009-10, on 10.08.2010 Membership: 12- General Body and 7 Executive Committee FCRA Registration No: 076020025 dated 26.12.2003 Income Tax Exemption under 80 G: DIT (E) No: 2(355)/04-05 dated 21.11.05 PAN: AAA AT9903A Members (in alphabetical order) : 1. Prof. K.N.George : Founder Member, Social Worker and Academician 2. Mrs Gita Manoj : Member, IT Professional 3. Mrs. Gita Viswanathan : Founder Member & President, Social Worker 4. Mr. V.S.Hegde : Member, Industrialist 5. Mrs. (Dr) Lalitha Nataraj : Member, Social Worker 6. Mrs S Lalitha : Member, Social Work Academician 7. Mr M Maliachamee : Member, Financial Consultant 8. Mr. V.N. Nagaraja Rao : Founder Member, Lawyer and Notary Public 9. Mrs. (Dr) Nalini Rao : Founder Member, Social Worker and Academician 10. Dr. Rema Saraswathy : Founder Member & Honorary Secretary, Social Researcher & Social Worker 11. Mrs. Seethalakshmi M : Member, Social Worker 12. Dr. G.Vijayaram : Founder Member & Honorary Treasurer, Social Worker and Academician

2. PROGRAMME AREAS 2. 1CHILD EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME (CESP) Child Educational Support Programme Educational Materials for students Personality Development / Summer Camp Camps Nutrition supplement and tuition classes Bicycle for students Chappals for students Special Cases 2.1.1. Child Educational Support Programme (CESP) Support for schooling for children from 6th standard up to 12th standard has been one activity of KSRSD from its inception. The priority groups under this scheme are those families below poverty line and those students studying in government or government aided schools. Further, priority is given to female children, total or semi orphan children, children from difficult circumstances with terminally ill parent or parents, or differently abled children. The CESP today covers 122 children with regular support and another 10 children on an average every year with one time annual assistance. Of them 90 children are sponsored by TDH Denmark and the rest are sponsored by friends of KSRSD from India and abroad. So far about 120 children have come out of the scheme on successful completion of their schooling. Every year those who pass out from 12th standard are replaced by other deserving children and there used to be one or two cases of moving out of the area. Associated activities under the CESP are Financial assistance Provision of educational materials Monthly review of the progress organized at cluster levels House-visits Student and parent/guardian counselling Need based intervention Medical help Career guidance Support for economic activity

Lending Library which works in 8 clusters with 9 educative, informative and entertaining periodicals and childrens books Personality development programmes including Summer Camp Review and Follow up of Child Educational Support Programme(CESP): For the convenience of review and follow up, five geographical clusters, Athivakkam (Athivakkam), Vengal (Vengal, vengal kuppam, athingkavanur, vadamadurai& mamballam), Punnapakkam (Punnapakkam, Sembedu, & Thamaraipakkam) Thirukandalam (Thirukandalam), Veerapuram have been formed under the CESP. Each cluster has a leader and an assistant leader with certain specified roles for each of them. The students are advised to meet every week and discuss certain issues like school performance, school attendance, any special requirements or incidence in the family or school that affects the studies or health of them, etc. The leader is asked to prepare a report of the meeting with the help of the assistant and submit the same to the Community Organiser. These meetings are supervised by the Community Organiser. When the CO visits the village, the parents meeting are also held where besides childrens education issues, health, sanitation, trainings or opportunities available, or information about ISD programme, etc; are also discussed. The cases that require special care are reported and action taken appropriately. The Community Organiser had met the students 14 times during the reported period. There were 11 special programmes for the benefit of the children during April 2010 to March 2011 besides the cluster level meetings.

Box 2.1 CESP Special Programmes Sl Date Programme No 1 03.04.2010 Orientation of CESP forenoon various activities under CESP, what is expected out of the students, parents /guardians roles etc 2 03.04.2010 Review meeting for afternoon special cases 3 23Personality 25.04.2010 Development Programme 3 Personality 7.05.2010 Development Programme 15.05.2010 Review meeting & Preparation for summer camp 2022.052010 Summer Camp Venue Project Office, Vengal Participants 21 students 15 boys and 6 girls; 16 parents/ guardian 10 males and 6 females 10 students cases referred from cluster meetings 28 8 boys and 20 girls- of 6th to 9th standards 6 5 girls and 1 boy- of 9th to 12th standards 48 students- 13 boys, 35 girls- and 40 parents /guardian All arrangements were made, but due to Lila cyclone, students couldnt reach and the camp had to be cancelled 60 students, 40 parents/ guardian & 2 old students who shared their experience 30 students, 22 parents/ guardian 30 students, 18 parents/ guardian 55 students/ 12 parents 15 students of 10th and 12th stds

Project Office, Vengal Arivuthirukoil, Vellanur Arivuthirukoil, Vellanur Govt High School Vengal

CORD Community Centre, Thamaraipakka m CORD Community Centre, Thamaraipakka m Project Office, Vengal Project Office, Vengal Project Office, Vengal Project Office, Vengal

12.06.2010 Distribution of note books, chapels, other materials

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19.06.2010 Distribution of note books, chapels, other materials 26.06.2010 Distribution of note books, chapels, other materials 06.11.2010 Review of progress 26.02.2011 Exam preparedness

2.1.2 CESP Note Books and Educational Aids Distribution Distribution of Note Books, Educational Aids was held at Chinmaya Meditation Centre Thamaraipakkam on 12th June. 60 students and 40 parents have been participated. Librarian and Member of Athingi Kavanur Water User Association Mr. J.Kuppusamy participated as chief guest and distributed Note Books, Educational aids to our CESP students along with their parents. Former CESP student and photographer Mr.Manikandan shared his experience as a beneficiary enjoyed at ISD and announced in the function that he has prepared to be a sponsor for one of the new students identified by the ISD, for his/her education up to +12 from his own income. All the participating students and clapped appreciated his gesture on the occasion. Four parents and few students shared their opinion and advised students/colleagues to become Role Model. Chief Guest of this function Mr.Kuppusamy in his address he has mentioned that ISDs contribution in agriculture and education is very worthwhile and need of the hour. He also appreciated the parents who shared their experience on the dais and welcomed such participation among all. 2.1.3 Nutrition Supplement and Tuition Classes: There are two tuition centres in Kilambakkam village where 60 children from 4th to 8th standard attended regularly. Each Centre had one teacher and the centre in Village was attended by 25 children and in Colony 35 children attended. The classes are held from 4.30 to 6 in the evening. Light snacks and educational materials were provided to the children. To develop a community ownership of the programme, local women groups are involved in the monitoring of the Centre, including the snacks arrangement.

2.1.4 Bicycle for the students In order to ease the problems faced by the students in commuting to School, bicycle project of KSRSD help them by providing bicycles. For the reported year, the IIT-M I Village Project has made available 10 bicycles and they were distributed to the students on 28.8.2010 and 4.9.2010

2.1.5 Chappals for children As an effort to educate the children and their parents about the importance of wearing footwear, 50 school going children were given chappal. 2.1.6 Special Cases: Guidance for higher education During the year 2010-11, 12 students of CESP have completed 12th standard and six of them have taken up undergraduate courses in the nearby colleges. Two have taken up vocational coursed and two others started working and continue to study. Two had to write the exam again. E.Manikandan S/o Elumalai, Sittanjeri Road, Vengal, has been admitted to 6th Standard in Jaiprakash Prabhavathi Special School, Guduvancheri. Manikandan lost his leg in an accident when he was 6 years old. His parents are illiterate and daily wage labourers. They had to loose many days work to get their sons condition to normal both physically and mentally. After a long struggle Manikandan is able to walk with the help of artificial limb. Now they are hopeful that their son will complete 12th standard in the Special School. Mr Murugan: A tribal youth from Thiruvannamalai District who migrated to Chennai suburb after completing his high school education as a bonded labour in the rice mill, Murugan is a gifted artist too. They were living around Redhills where the rice mills are located. Now, they have been relieved from the clutches of the rice mill owners and are relocated to the nearby village Thirukandalam, each family has been given 3 cents of land to construct their own house, by the Government. He is the most educated person in that colony and having identified his talents and aptitude he has been referred for a residential programme Sevak Samaj Course (Community Organiser-Rural Development) at Chinmaya Organisation for Rural Development (CORD) Thamaraipakkam for a period of six months. Boarding, accommodation, Fees, Field visits and all expenses were borne by Chinmaya Mission.

CESP Meeting and Distribution of Educational Materials

2.2. HEALTH PROGRAMMES Health programmes of KSRSD focus on promoting positive health practices. Awareness programmes on personal health and hygiene, feminine health issues, environmental health hazards and nutrition awareness were regularly held. 2.2.1 Dental Health Education -Camp During the reported year, besides the dental camps benefited by 131 persons including children and adults, two persons were given financial assistance for medical requirements. The dental camps are organized in association with Rotary Dental Centre, Kottivakkam Box 2.2 Dental Camps held during 2010-11 (March to April) S.No Date Village Screening 01 19.04.2010 Kanniamman Nagar, 31 Veerapuram 02 22.06.2010 PUMS, 18 AthingiKavanur 03 23.06.2010 PUMS, 08 AthingiKavanur 04 28.07.2010 AnnaNagar, 32 Thirukkandalam 05 29.07.2010 Panchayat Office, 45 Kilambakkam 06 25.01.2011 Library Building, 61 Guruvoyal 07 15.02.2011 Primary School, 21 Lakshminathapuram Total 131

Filling 2

Extraction 5 07 02

12 13 20 16 38

14 8 22 3 39

2.2.2 Sanitary Napkin Training and Production Project: With an objective of improving the women health and linking that opportunity with an economic activity so that they can earn an additional income, it is proposed to train a group of women in producing sanitary napkins at low cost. Sanitary napkin training. The training will take place during June 2011. The TDH, Denmark has approved financial support for the purchase machinery for

2.3. WATER AND SANITATION SECTOR Water is the elixir of life and a finite and scarce resource today. Not only is the livelihood of people but the economy of a nation also determined by the water resource. Sustainable management of water based on the principles of integrated water resources management is the need of the hour to save the world from a crisis looming large. This has heralded ISD to work in the multidimensional aspects of water. Most of our learning and action fall in to the areas; Water and Health, Water and Livelihood, and Water and Local Governance. Water and Health: Lack of safe water and adequate sanitation is the

worlds single largest cause of illness and millions of child death. The water and health programmes target mainly the school children, youth and women in educating them about the importance of clean water, personal hygiene, and sanitation. Watsan week one week programme for children in the Middle Interschool cultural events and competitions under the watsan

theme. Special programmes to observe World Water Day, Global Hand Washing Day and World Environment Day targeting youth, children and women. Water and Livelihood: In an agrarian country like India, the water situation plays a major role in determining not only the food security but also the national economy. Agricultural production should satisfy the growing demands of an increasing population with varied purchasing power and their changing dietary patterns. At the same time, the agricultural practices have to be climate-smart. Sustainable management of water resources and adaptation of climate friendly farming is critical at this juncture. Empowering the farmers by educating them about water conservation, practices to increase water and crop productivity and ways to earn better income can address the challenge of food security and climate change to a large extent. The ISDs farmers education include participatory exercises of

School

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village vision building, water budgeting, and planning and adoption of farming practices according to the water availability. In realizing this, the ISD work in convergence with the State Government Departments such as Water Resources Organisation, Agriculture, Horticulture, Agri Engineering, Agri Marketing, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, and Drinking Water Board, and other organizations including NABARD, Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Regional Station for Forage Production and Demonstration, Institute of Food and Dairy Technology, Center of Excellence for Change etc . Water and Local Governance: This capacity building for Panchayat Raj Institutions in Drinking Water Management programme is aimed at ensuring safe drinking water for all and for ever. Besides, quality, quantity, equity and reliability, the programme enable the PRI to ensure community participation and ownership in the governance issues of local water supply system. Highlight of the year April 2010 to March 2011 are presented in the following sections. 2.3.1 ISD/KSRSD-NABARD Partnership 2.3.1.1 Adoption of Kilambakkam under Village Development Plan of NABARD The objective of Village Development Plan of NABARD is to develop the selected village in an integrated manner with the help of a nodal agency for its implementation. This would include economic development, infrastructure development and other aspects of human development i.e., education, health, drinking water supply, etc., besides access to credit. With the effort of ISD, NABARD has adopted Kilambakkam village under its Village Development Plan and the programmes will be held for three years. As a Nodal agency ISDs role include: Interface with people of identified village, Undertaking PRA exercise and Identify peoples needs Prepare a Plan document (for socio-economic, infrastructural development

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of the village), Place it before the stakeholders Village Development Committee comprising representatives from Banks, Government Departments, PRIs, NABARD and other agencies. Coordinate and network for physical, financial and promotional support. Obtain firm commitments from each stakeholder and take charge of the implementation. Based on the Village Development Plan prepared in the participatory exercises conducted at the village (separate report available) a proposal was submitted to the NABARD. The specific activities NABARD accepted to for the first year under VDP for Kilambakam at a cost of Rs 50000/- include: Support for holding veterinary camp Soil testing awareness and field training for 30 samples (with farmers contribution) Training in paddy cultivation under SRI Exposure visit to Abhinavam, Salem District Recharge shafts for Rain Water Harvesting 2 units for demonstration Partial support for a tuition centre for six months These activities are implemented in coordination with the Government Departments and the Central Government institutions and in consultation with the Village Development Committee formed for the specific purpose. 2.3.1.2 Skill Development Initiatives NABARD has sanctioned two programmes under its Skill Development Initiatives Non Farm Sector. The skill focused in the programme was Veterinary Care and Management held in two villages Kilambakkam and Athingikavanur during covering about 70 farmers on the whole. The project beneficiaries were selected through an interview from the applications received. Besides skill training this initiative has a follow for about a year as an incubation period to develop the skill in to an economic activity. A Project Monitoring Committee constituted for the SDI will monitor the progress during the period.

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Village Development Plan for Kilambakkam- various programmes

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Box 2.3.1 Contents of the four days training programme D Se Topic covered ay ssi on 1 1 Need and Scope of Veterinary Care and Management 2 Cattle Care Maintenance Cost Effective method & Artificial Insemination Animal Husbandry Govt Schemes & Programmes Objectives of the session Resource Person

To create awareness among the Mr P Muniyappan, participants about the scope of Mr Kirubakaran and animal husbandry, need for its Mr Manikkam scientific management of ISD Chennai 55. Issues to be taken care in the day to day management of cattle, and the importance of Artificial Insemination Mr Muniraj and Mr Balakrishnan of Central Cattle Breeding Farm CCBF Chennai 52.

Create awareness about the available schemes for the different sections of rural society in support of animal husbandry as a livelihood for them Banking Service Role of Banks to enable animal with reference husbandry as a livelihood to Animal among the rural populationHusbandry different schemes

Dr Mala and Dr Suseela, representing Asst Director of Animal Husbandry, Thiruvallur Dist. Mr C Arulkumar, Asst. Manager (Agriculture), Rural Development Officer, Indian Bank, Kannigaiper Branch. IFDT, Koduveli CCBF, Alamadi RSFP&D, Alamadhi

Field Visit To give an exposure about the Value addition nearby resource centres, and Dairy Products the methods of cattle care and management, value addition etc Insurance To create awareness about Claim & insurance for domestic animals, Coverage advantages of insuring, the Procedure rules and regulations within that etc Marketing of Dairy & Dairy Products

Mr T. Elango, Asst Manager United India Insurance Company Chennai/Agricultural Insurance Company of India Chennai. Value addition for milk, Methods Mr.S.Jayaraman, President, Farmers Club, of marketing, advantages of direct selling under a self help Abhinavam. group

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2.3.1.3 Formation of Joint Liability Groups Under the guidelines of NABARD/RBI, Joint Liability Group (JLG) is an informal group comprising preferably of 4 to10 individuals coming together for the purposes of availing bank loan either singly or through the group mechanism against mutual guarantee. The JLG members would offer a joint undertaking to the bank that enables them to avail loans. The JLG members are expected to engage in similar type of economic activities like crop production. The management of the JLG is to be kept simple with little or no financial administration within the group. ISD has organized awareness programmes and trainings for the women in three villages, viz; Athingikavanur, Kilambakkam and Guruvayal and so far 20 such JLGs have been formed. Box 2.3.1.3 Joint Liability Groups formed during April2010-March2011 Activity Proposed Sl. Name of the Habitation/ No of No of No Panchayat Village JLGs Members 01 Kilampakkam Peria 07 34 Milch Animal 24 Peria Kilam Kilampakkam Goat Farming- 6 Tailoring - 4

Kilampakkam 01 Colony Pethanaikanpett 01 ai 02 Athingi Kavanur Athingi Kavanur 02 Manthoppu 02 Athingi Kavanur 02 Colony Guruvoyal 04

05 05

Milch Animal- 5 Milch Animal 3 Goat Farming 1 Pettyshop -1 Milch Animal- 10 Milch Animal -10 Milch Animal -5 Goat Farming -5 SRI Paddy 5 Jasmine Culti- 10 Vegetable Culti- 5 Milch Animal -5

10 10 10 20

03

Guruvoyal

BashikaPuram Total

01 20

05 99

2.3.1.4 Formation of Farmers Club: NABARD has been promoting Farmers Club as an appropriate and most suitable strategy since 1982 for transmitting the latest agriculture techniques

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to the Farmers' field, orienting them to establish better relationship with banks, adoption of latest post-harvest handling technology, value addition, etc. and enjoy the benefits of collective bargaining power both for procuring inputs and select their produce. ISD has been working with farmers in the three villages, viz; Athingikavanur, Kilambakkam and Guruvayal and creating awareness about Farmers Club. During the reported year 4 Farmers Club have been formed. Box 2.3.1.4 Farmers Club details S.No Name of Village No of the FCs Members 01. Thiruvallur Peria 20 FC Kilampakkam

02. 03.

04.

Vallalar FC Athingi Kavanur Pethanaiken Pettai Kilampakkam Manthoppu Athingi Kavanur Total 04

20 20

Name of SB A/C No Remarks the Bank Indian Bank 926616246 Establishment Kannigaiper Dt Application 28.12.2010 forwarded on 11.01.2010. Indian Bank 932790522 Kannigaiper 02.02.2011 Indian Bank In progress Kannigaiper Indian Bank Kannigaiper In Progress

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80

2.3.2. ISD-Centre of Excellence for Change Partnership: Centre of Excellence for Change is a voluntary group with a mission to mitigate Climate Challenges, water & food crisis, through a paradigm shift in Water Management & Service Delivery, engendering individual and organisational change, focusing on sustainable, equitable and democratic management of critical Resources & Services. The ISD-CEC partnership is for demonstrating models for Community Collaborative Water Management. Six Village Panchayats, Athingikavanur, Kilambakkam, Guruvayal, Poorivakkam, Athivakkam and Thirukandalam in the Ellapuram union of Thiruvallur district have been covered under this programme. The CCWM involves participatory process of: Enabling the villagers assess the situation in the village,

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creating a water and development vision for the village, water budget analysis for the village; and suggesting appropriate farming and water saving measures. Box 2.3.2
Community Collaborative Water Management Water, with no other alternative, assumes an unmatched role in the life of all living things and for human livelihoods. According to global estimates, water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century, and an increasing number of regions are becoming chronically short of water. India is already in the list of water stressed regions/countries. Increasing population along with diversified needs and unsustainable management of water make this resource scarce. Lack of awareness among the public about the deteriorating water situation and about sustainable management of water affects the situation more badly. Having realised this, the Community Collaborative Water Management (CCWM) has been conceptualised. The CCWM is aimed at sensitising the community about the water situation, enable them draw out a community level action plan for sustainable use of water in the various sectors; agriculture, domestic and other. Agriculture uses 70% of the water and hence more focus is given for rural population under the programme. The CCWM will create awareness among the rural population about the water resources, and enable them realise the status of water as a finite and scare resource through various participatory exercises. The methods proposed include participatory water walk, water resources mapping, vision building for the village, water budgeting, planning different water uses according to the availability, and planning for water conservation measures. Working with farmers to educate and enable them for sustainable management of water for agriculture, including adoption of crop intensification methods, technology interventions in irrigation, shifting from water guzzling crops to dry crops, creating an enabling atmosphere in the village for the technology adoption by training the labourers to adapt to the changing needs (like a training women group in rice transplanting under SRI), encouraging or non farm activities to supplement the income of marginal farmers and landless labourers are the major activities proposed.

Further training for enabling them take appropriate measures and engaging them with the government departments to implement those measures are also in the scope of work. The community mobilization for the specific activities and conducting the programmes required minimum two to three man months for each village, depending on the size of each village.

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CCWM have been implemented in six villages, Athingikavanur, Kilambakkam, Athivakkam, Poorivakkam, Thirukandalam and Guruvayal all in Ellapuram Panchayat Union of Thiruvallur district and it is proposed to expand to another 14 village Panchayats in the Ellapuram Panchayat Union. During the process several State level officers from the Government of Tamilnadu (WRO and IAMWARM Project) and the Centre of Excellence for Change visited the villages. In February 2011, a team comprising World Bank Officials, State Government officials and from CEC visited the area and has applauded the ISD for the good work carried out in the village.

Observation by Ms Ranu Sinha, Operations Analyst, Water Resources Coordination Group World Bank, New Delhi

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Water Budget for the area coming under six villages

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2.3.3 ISD-TNIAMWARM Project Partnership The World Bank supported project for Irrigated Agriculture Modernisation and Water Bodies Restoration and Management of the State Government is in its 3rd phase of implementation covering areas coming under Kusasthalyaru subbasin in Thiruvallur district. The Project Director has sought the field support of ISD in mobilising the community and organizing the field level programmes in association with the constituent departments of the Project. This multidisciplinary project is a convergence of activities of seven departments of the State Government and one University; Water Resources Organisation, Agriculture, Horticulture, Agri Engineering, Agri Business and Marketing, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, and TN Agriculture University. Restoration of water bodies, institutionalisation of its management, technical guidance for crop intensification and diversification to gain more income per drop of water are the project interventions. Programmes under this partnership covered six villages, Athingikavanur, Kilambakkam, Guruvayal, Poorivakkam, Athivakkam and Thirukandalam; and enabled 60 programmes altogether focusing on making farming more profitable while conserving water. Specifically the programmes included training for Water User Association regarding TNFMIS Act 2000, their role in the project and on the overall, training in SRI, awareness about Micro Irrigation System and other farm implements seed selection and seed treatment, veterinary care awareness programmes, veterinary camps, awareness programmes for fish cultivation, awareness on horticulture crops and its high yielding varieties, awareness about commodity groups, and exposure visits to model villages in other parts of the State. Activities Carried out: The strategy followed in the villages in organising the community are as follows: 1. 2. 3. Meeting of MDPU, Line Departments and ISD at MDPU An introductory meeting along with the department officials and the WUAs for the ISD ISD has taken up the villages in two batches of three each

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4. 5. 6. 7.

Introduced about the proposed programme at VP level and WUA level by holding informal meetings and discussion Habitation level interaction and discussion at each village Panchayat to elicit participation from the community in the programmes proposed One day training for WUA office bearers Organised Community Water Walk and Village Vision Building Exercise at each Panchayat level. Held subsequent discussions with the village key persons, finalised the drawings for Village Vision and certain baseline data

8.

Water Budgeting sessions were organised and trained selected Farmers, SHG Women and Children to perform Water Budgeting periodically

9.

Organised programmes in coordination with the line departments: i. ii. Exposure visits along with Agriculture Dept, Horticulture Dept, Agri Engineering Dept including soil testing, seed selection, seed Field Training and Demonstration programmes in land and crop management treatment, nursery preparation, transplanting the

seedlings, diseases and conditions in plants such as pest attack and soil nutrient deficiency, hybrid seeds, SRI (Rajarajan 1000) and implements. iii. Village level Veterinary Care Camps and Veterinary Care Awareness programmes along with the Dept of Animal husbandry, demonstration of fodder cultivation, azola cultivation, iv. 10. Opportunities for Fish farming and Awareness on varieties of fish, fish processing Training programmes organised in association with Central Government institutions, Central Cattle Breeding Farm and Regional Station for Forage Production and Exposure to the varieties of Buffalos and Cows, the services offered by the CCBF, exposure to different kinds of fodder, advantages of each, etc 11. Training organised in association with Institute of Food and Dairy Technology (unit of TANUVAS) for production of value added products in milk, importance of animal hygiene and personal hygiene the techniques adopted in SRI, irrigation water management including Micro Irrigation Systems and agriculture

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12.

Introduction of animal insurance and the procedures, direct marketing of milk and exposure to new varieties of sheep, goat, oxen, cow, and chicks

Overall there were 60 programmes organised at the village level, besides the interactions and informal discussions held at habitation levels, and detailed report of selected programmes are attached as annexure. Out come of the programmes: The programmes organised by ISD in association with the line departments coming under the TN IAMWARM Project has turned out as good rapport building exercise between the officials and farmers. This has resulted in farmers making effective use of the expertise of the officials as well as services offered under the Project/Government. Detailed report was submitted to the TNIAMWARM Project Directorate. The farmers started

benefiting from this collaboration in terms of the following immediate benefits and initiated a change in their farming practice which will have a greater impact in a longer term.

30 farmers shifted from their conventional paddy cultivation to SRI method of cultivation 20 accepted to adopt sprinklers in their field and given applications to Government Department for guidance 12 farmers expressed their willingness to use drip irrigation for the crops they cultivate one hectare drip irrigation demonstration in Kilambakkam village horticulture farm 3 farmers are ready to do farm ponds 2 farmers who own less than 1 acre of land are ready for recharge shaft 2 farmers started fodder cultivation as a preparation for their proposed dairy farm and 3 more are ready to cultivate Fodder 15 farmers are ready to buy power weeder 3 farmers want to put up shed instead of the temporary structure they use for creeper kinds of vegetables as a result of visit to farms in Hosur

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28 farmers purchased 300 tissue culture banana from Hosur for trial 25 farmers are ready to cultivate hybrid horticulture crops including tissue culture banana, koththavarai, coriander, tomato, and hybrid horticulture Proposal has been sent for Drying Yard at Pethanaickanpettai to be constructed under the TNAIMWARM Project Formation of farmers club in progress Farmers are introduced to farm implements such as cono weeder and marker for SRI, power weeder etc and 10 of them own cono weeder

Benefits through the Veterinary camp for nearly 1000 animals de-worming, allergy, dermatitis, infertility checkup, anorexia, RDVK, HS Injection, M Mirlus, artificial insemination, prize for the best calf De worming Simple Digestion Allergy Dermatitis Infertility check up Anorexia RDVK HS Injection M.Mirlus 17 _ A I 26 _ Prizes for best calf

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ISD Water and Livelihood Programmes during April 2010-March 2011


Sl No Programme 1 Awareness on cultivation under SRI Athingikavanur & Kilambakkam conducted at Ponthavakkam 2 Awareness Programme on TNFMIS Act 2000 Date 27.04.2010 Participants 18 farmers Objective of the Programme - To create awareness about the water conserving method of paddy cultivation, SRI - Hands on training to enable farmers adopt the new method through exposure visit to the SRI farm

15.05.2010

Farmers -40

Awareness on selection of Seed & seed treatment, soil testing at Athingikavanur

08.06.2010

30 Farmers- Male 10, Female 20

Awareness on selection of Seed & seed treatment, soil testing at Kilambakkam

27.07.2010

25 male farmers

Organic Farming

10.08.2010

Students - 40 Farmers -50, incl 24 from Kilampakkam and Athingikavanur

To make the Farmers and Water Users aware about the TNFMIS Act 2000 To create awareness about roles & responsibility of WUA members & Farmers To create awareness about the seed selection and seed treatment to enhance yield, and better pest management To educate them how to do the seed treatment To create awareness regarding the need for soil testing To educate them how to conduct soil testing To create awareness about the seed selection and seed treatment to enhance yield, and better pest management To educate them how to do the seed treatment To create awareness regarding the need for soil testing To educate them how to conduct soil testing To make them realize and adopt Organic farming for sustainable growth in Agriculture

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Awareness meeting for Farmers on sustainable water management

15.08.2010

Farmers -25 Agri Engineering Department - 4

Community Water Walk 09.09.2010 & PRA at Kilambakkam

MDPU & Line Departments 16 ISD 4 Farmers -75, 30 male , 45 female 37, 20 male, 17 female incl Functionaries from WRO & line departments, Farmers, WUA presidents, SHG 35 , 10 females & 25 Male Farmers, WUA president, SHG, Panchayat President 30, 27 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Kilambakkam village

To create awareness about sustainable water management practices To plan further programmes for sustainable water management practices to be taken up by all the water users To take stock of the water resources situation and farming practices in the village To sensitize the water users/villagers about the situation through participatory exercises To educate the water users about the water balance and the need to plan various uses according to it, keeping in mind the Sustainable development of the village

Water Budgeting

18.09.2010

Village Vision Building Exercise

24.09.2010

To enable the villagers create a vision for the village keeping in mind the sustainable development of the village

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Training in Veterinary 22.10.2010 Care and ManagementDay 1 Scope of the training, Cattle Care And Breeding 23.10.2010 Training in Veterinary Care and ManagementDay 2 Bank support and Fodder cultivation

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30, 27 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Kilambakkam village

_ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity _ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity

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Training in Veterinary 24.10.2010 Care and ManagementDay 3 Field visit CCBF, RSFPD and IFDT Training in Veterinary 25.10.2010 Care and ManagementDay 4 Marketing- direct selling Insurance Action Plan for three villages adopted for IAMWARMCEC-ISD Collaboration 11.11.2010

30, 27 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Kilambakkam village

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Training For Water User 18.11.2010 Association Office Bearers

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Awareness on selection of Seed & seed treatment, soil testing, Guruvoyal

20.11.2010

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Veterinary Medical Camp Kilambakkam

20.11.2010

_ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity 30, 27 women and 3 _ To create awareness about the need for proper care men farmers and and management of cattle farm labourers of _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care Kilambakkam village and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity Officials from MDPU, - To familiarize with the officials of WRO and line District and down line departments offices of WRO, and line departments 32 ISD 5, WUA Presidents and Members- 15 WUA Office bearers - - To create awareness among the office bearers and 33, PWD 7, Vet territorial constituency members about roles & Dept 4 responsibilities of WUA as per TNFMIS Act 2000 AED 1, Agri Business 1 18 , farmers incl WUA - To create awareness about the selection of seed and Panchayat and seed treatment to increase the efficiency of the Presidents crop & yield - To create awareness for soil testing regularly for Sustainable growth in Agriculture - To educate them the methods of seed treatment soil sample collection for testing 88 farmers who - To protect the cattle from diseases brought 69 cows, 272 - To promote Artificial Insemination for converting goats, 3 dogs, 50 to cross breeds hens, and 24 bullocks - Educate the farmers about immunization and AI

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Veterinary Care & Management Training Kilambakkam

24.11.2010

20 women farmers and farm labourers

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Exposure Visit to Abhinavam, Athur Taluk, Selam Dist

26.11.2010

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Community Water Walk 04.12.2010 & Participatory Appraisal of Water SituationAthingikavanur

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Community Water Walk 04.12.2010 & Participatory Appraisal of Water SituationAthingikavanur

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Awareness and Training 07.12.2010 in Veterinary care & management Guruvoyal Community Water Walk 10.12.2010 & Participatory Appraisal of Water Situation- Guruvayal

50 Farmers from Kilampakkam, Athingikavanur and Guruvayal 60 farmers, 30 male, 30 female WUA President & Members, Panchayat President & Members, Farmers club, Women SHG members 60 farmers, 30 male, 30 female WUA President & Members, Panchayat President & Members, Farmers club, Women SHG members 38 farmers, 3 women, 35 men 120 Farmers, 86 women, 24 male WUA President & Members, Panchayat President & Members, Self Help Group Members

To create awareness among the rural community about the Veterinary care to improve the cattle population. - To enable the villagers venture in to a supplementary economic activity, cattle Farming - To give an exposure for the WUA members about the convergence of government departments and the various activities taken up under the TN IAMWARM Project - To take stock of the water resources situation and farming practices in the village - To sensitize the water users/villagers about the situation through participatory exercises.

To take stock of the water resources situation and farming practices in the village To sensitize the water users/villagers about the situation through participatory exercises.

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To create awareness among the rural community about the Veterinary care to improve the cattle population. To venture in to a supplementary activity - Cattle Farming To take stock of the water resources situation and farming practices in the village To sensitize the water users/villagers about the situation through participatory exercises.

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Veterinary Medical Camp Guruvayal

13.12.2010

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Visit to Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Alamadhi Water Budgeting Athingikavanur

18.12.2010

112 cows,124 goats,30 sheep, 2dogs, 30 hens, 11 bullocks, 16 Calf, 1 Rabbit , and 2 white rats brought by 106 Farmers 25 farmers,25 male, WUA President & members, Farmer club of Athingikavanur

To protect the cattle from the diseases To promote Artificial Insemination for converting to cross breeds Educate the farmers about immunization and AI

Familiarize with the institutions in the locality and its functions To get benefited by the institutions programmes

20.12.2010

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Water Budgeting Guruvoyal Panchayat

21.12.2010

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Agri Implements 22.12.2010 Demonstration at KVK, RSS, Tirur

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Exposure Visit to Krishnagiri/Hosur

22.12.2010 & 23.12.2010

38, 21 male, 17 female Farmers, WUA President, Panchayat President, SHG Members 33, 17 males, 16 females Farmers, WUA president, Panchayat President, SHG members 41 farmers,40 male,1 female WUA President & members, Farmer club 40 Farmers

To educate the water users about the water balance and the need to plan various uses according to it, keeping in mind the Sustainable development of the village

To educate the water users about the water balance and the need to plan various uses according to it, keeping in mind the Sustainable development of the village

Awareness building about agriculture implements and motivate them to use

To give an exposure for the farmers about precision farming, and modernized cultivation of vegetables, flowers, fruit etc

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Training on SRI cultivation - Guruvoyal

29.12.2010

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Veterinary Special 02.02.2011 Camp (RDVK) Athingikavanur Training in Veterinary 02.02.2011 Care and ManagementDay 1 Scope of the training, Cattle Care And Breeding 03.02.2011 Training in Veterinary Care and ManagementDay 2 Bank support and Fodder cultivation

Farmers -22 WUA president, Panchayat President, Farmers 150 hen

To create awareness about the SRI method of cultivation and its advantages over the conventional method

23 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Athingikavanur village

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23 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Athingikavanur village

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Training in Veterinary 04.02.2011 Care and ManagementDay 3 Field visit TANUVAS, Madhavaram Training in Veterinary 05.02.2011 Care and ManagementDay 4 Marketing- direct selling Insurance

23 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Athingikavanur village

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23 women and 3 men farmers and farm labourers of Athingikavanur village

To create awareness about the need to care for the fowls, - House visit and vaccination campaign _ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity _ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity _ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity _ To create awareness about the need for proper care and management of cattle _ To educate them correct practices in veterinary care and management _ To enable them venture in to a supplementary economic activity

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Training on SRI Cultivation Pethanayakanpettai Meeting with WUA SHG Building, Athingikavanur Visit by Representative of World Bank Kilambakkam & Athingikavanur

03.02.2011

25 male farmers

To train the farmers in steps in SRI Cultivation Importance of SRI for water conservation Distribution of Organic Pesticides To discuss the functions of WUA and the procedures to be followed by WUA Field visit and assessment of the activities under the ISD-CEC-IAMWARM Partnership by the Mission Team Members from World Bank

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03.02.2011

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05.02.2011

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40 41 42 43 44

Introduction meeting with WUAs of Poorivakkam, Athivakkam & Thirukkandalam PUMS, Poorivakkam Orientation of CCWM Poorivakkam Orientation of CCWMAthivakkam Orientation of CCWM Thirukkandalam Meeting with JLG Athingikavanur Water Walk & PRA at Poorivakkam

10.02.2011

8 WUA TC Members and other general members 100 participants, WUA presidents, members, panchayat president, farmers club members, SHG women members, Youths 15 members of WUA -

Introduction about the proposed activities and the elicit their participation

12.02.2011 17.02.2011 19.02.2011 23.02.2011 25.02.2011

25 Males, 8 Females, Total -33 15 Males, 51 Females, Total -66 28 Males, 45 Females, Total -73 16 women JLG members 45 participants, President, WUA members, Farmers, Youths, SHGs

To sensitise the community about water situation and the need for its sustainable management To sensitise the community about water situation and the need for its sustainable management To sensitise the community about water situation and the need for its sustainable management The role of women JLGs in increasing the crop productivity and the possibility of bank credits To make them realize about the situation of their water resources followed by social mapping and water map

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45

Water Walk & PRA at Athivakkam

26.02.2011

46

Visit Parambur Village, Pudukkottai Dist

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Water Budgeting Athivakkam

32 participants, President, WUA members, Farmers, Youths, SHGs 3,4,5, March 42 members, 2011 Farmers, WUA President & Members Poorivakkam 9 Kilambakkam 4 Athivakkam 10 Athingikavanur 3 Komakkambedu 2 Neiveli 2 Guruvoyal 3 Thirukkandalam 4 Thamaraipakkam 2 CORD - 3 21.03.2011 47 members of WUA, Women farmers and farm labourers 121 Students, 7 Teachers 32 members of WUA, women farmers, farm labourers

To make them realize about the situation of their water resources followed by social mapping and water map To learn from the experience of one the best WUA, about their interventions in sustainable agriculture and water management To learn about commodity groups and its functioning To learn about the collaboration and various interventions in this village by various departments of the State Government

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World Water Day 2011, 24.03.2011 Competition on Water Conservation Water Budgeting 28.03.2011 Poorivakkam

To educate the water users about the water balance and the need to plan various uses according to it, keeping in mind the Sustainable development of the village To create awareness about the need for water conservation among school students To educate the water users about the water balance and the need to plan various uses according to it, keeping in mind the Sustainable development of the village

Note: Habitation level programmes are not listed here.

Selected photos and sample of the work and feedbacks from the beneficiaries are given below. More photos are available at Facebook page of ISD (http://www.facebook.com/home.php#!/pages/Institute-of-SustainableDevelopment/172288766156653) and Flickr site.

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Village Vision Building Exercise at Kilambakkam

Training for Water User Association Representatives

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Feed back from community- a sample

2. 3.4 World Water Day 2011 Competition for school children on the theme Water Conservation was held in Athingikavanur on the occasion of World Water Day 2011. Drawing and elocution competitions were held in which about 60 students participated. Prizes were distributed to them by the CEC, Chennai.

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2. 4. RESEARCH AT ISD: 2.4.1 TNIAMWARM: Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization and Water Bodies Restoration and Management (TN-IAMWARM) Project is a multidisciplinary project funded by the World Bank and implemented by the Water Resources Organization under Public Works Department of Government of Tamil Nadu. The Water Resources Organization functions as a nodal agency and coordinate with the State Government departments such as Agriculture, Horticulture and Plantation Crops, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Marketing and Agri Business, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Fisheries and the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. The project is proposed to cover 63 selected sub basins of Tamil Nadu to cover an ayacut area of 6.17 lakh hectares, over a period of six years from April 2007. The Project Development Objective is to improve irrigation service delivery and productivity of irrigated agriculture with effective integrated water resources management in a river basin / subbasin frame work. Specifically the project addresses the issues: 1. Improving irrigation service delivery including adoption of modern water waving irrigation technologies and agricultural practices 2. Agricultural intensification and diversification 3. Enhancing market access and agri-business opportunities 4. Strengthening management The TNIAMWARM Project has commissioned three studies, to assess the impact of the project in different sub basins of the Phase 1 of the Project and they are: 1. Rapid Assessment of the Impact of TN-IAMWARM Project In Upper Vellar Sub Basin 2. Rapid Assessment of the Impact of TN-IAMWARM Project in Palar Sub basin 3. Rapid Assessment of the Impact of TN-IAMWARM Project in Varahanadi Kottakarayar Sub basin Upper Vellar Sub Basin institutions dealing with water resources

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Besides separate report for each of the contracts, a combined report also was submitted to the Project Directorate. Further, the findings were presented before the World Bank Mission on 22.04.2010. The Mission under the leadership of Mr Rabi Karaki has commended the depth and analysis of the data and the significant findings came out of the study. 2.4.2 Baseline study of farming practices in the six villages adopted in the Ellapuram Panchayat Union. As a first step to measure the change 2.4.3 Proposal Preparation Grant from 3ie: ISD was given a grant under the Proposal Preparation Grant by International Initiatives for Impact Evaluation to prepare two research study proposals with the support of Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK. The proposals were submitted to the 3ie for consideration for grant under their Open Window Call 2010. Besides submitting proposals for (i)Impact Evaluation of Change Management Component of the TNIAMWARM Expression of interest for two studies, and (ii) Impact Evaluation of Total Sanitation Campaign. 2.4.3.1 One day workshop on Impact Evaluation Methods: One day workshop on Impact Evaluation methods was organized for researchers and research scholars on 21st June 2010. There were 27 participants for the workshop. They included four professors from post graduate institutions, twelve development practitioners, three research scholars, five post graduate students and three project staff. The workshop was organised jointly with Centre of Excellence for Change with resource person Dr Britta Auguss from IFS UK. 2.5. Social Work Student Trainees 1. Mr George Cornelius, DRBCC Hindu College for summer placement and concurrent placement 2. Mr Joel and Ms Viv, Students from UNSW, Australia 20.08.2010

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3. INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING 3.1 Membership in Advisory Committee/other organisations ISD is an institutional member in the Centre of Excellence for Change (www.waterandclimatefuture.com) Regional Coordination Committee of Regional Station for Forage Production and Demonstration (GOI), Alamadi Technical Advisory Committee of the Regional Station for Forage Production and Demonstration (GOI), Alamadi Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Network of WHO And various other networks including

Websites Websites of KSRSD www.ksrsd.org and Institute of Sustainable Development www.isd.org.in are active. ISD is active in social network Facebook and Twitter too. 4 OUR SUPPORTERS We wish to place on record our sincere thanks to our supporters and the patronage we receive from national and international organizations, and a number of our well wishers. Funding: The major funding supporters of the reported year include: TN IAMWARM Project ANAMICA USA International Initiatives in Impact Evaluation (GDN) New Delhi MANGIKA / SUKANYA USA NABARD Tamilnadu Regional Office DISVI Italy Robert Johns Trust, C/o Guild of Service, Chennai Sri Ram Studios, Chennai DAYA Trust, and a number of other individuals

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Collaboration During the referred period we collaborated with: State Agri Government business and Departments Marketing, of Public and Works Tamil (Water Nadu Resources Agricultural Organisation), Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Agri Engineering, Fisheries University, Institute of Food and Dairy Technology of TANUVAS, District Industries Centre, TVLR other institutions including Central Cattle Breeding Farm, and Regional Station for Forage Production and Demonstration, Community Food and Nutrition Extension Units (CFNEUs), Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) Department of Women & Child, GOI Non government agencies: Centre of Excellence for Change, Chennai Indian Council of Social Welfare TN Branch IIT M I-Vil, Chennai Kotivakkam Dental Centre of Rotary Club Guindy, Chennai Dept of Social Work of DRBCCC Hindu College, Chinmaya Mission CORD Thamaraipakkam Manavalakkalai Mandram, Avadi

5. FINANCIAL STATUS Audited Statements of Account annexed.

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