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PHASE EQUILIBRIUM DATA

SYSTEMS CONTAINING
THE VAPOR PHASE
One-Component Systems
Vapor pressures up to two
atmospheres
Elementary substances.
P, S, Se, Te and halogens.
H2, N2, 02, O3 and the zerogroup elements.
The metallic elements.
Chemical compounds.
Crystalvapor.
-Table.
Liquidvapor.
-Table.
(T-Table.
Vapor pressures between one
atmosphere and the critical
point
Elementary substances.
P, S, Se, Te and the halogens.
H2, N2, O2, O3 and thc zerogroup elements.
Hg.
Chemical compounds.
-Table.
(T-Table.
Special tables.
Factors for the correction
of boiling points to normal pressure.

SYSTMES CONTENANT
LA PHASE VAPEUR
Systmes un constituant
Pressions de vapeur jusqu'
deux atmosphres
Substances lmentaires.
P, S, Se, Te et les halognes.
H2, N2, O2, O3 et les lments du groupe zro (gas
nobles).
lments mtalliques.
Composs chimiques.
Cristalvapeur.
Table .
Liquidevapeur.
Table .
Table .
Pressions de vapeur entre une
atmosphre et le point
critique
Substances lmentaires.
P, S, Se, Te, et les halognes.
H2, N2, O2, O3 et les gaz
nobles.
Hg.
Composs chimiques.
Table .
Table (L.
Tables spciales.
Facteurs pour ramener les
points d'ebullition la
pression normale.

SYSTEME MIT DAMPFPHASE


Einkomponenten Systme
Dampfdrucke bis zu zwei
Atmosphren
Elementare Stoffe.
P, S, Se, Te und Halogene.
H2, N2, O2, O3 und Edelgase.

SISTEMI CON FASE


GASSOSA
Sistemi ad un componente
Tensioni di vapore fino a due
atmosfere
pAGE
Elementi.
P, S, Se, Te ed alogeni.. 201
H2, N2, O2, O3 e gas
nobili
202

Die metallischen Elemente.


Chemische Verbindungen.
KristallDampf.
-Tafel.
FlssigkeitDampf.
-Tafel.
(T-Tafel.
Dampfdrucke
zwischen einer
Atmosphre und dem kritischen Punkt
Elementare Stoffe.
P, S, Se, Te und Halogene.
H2, N2, O2, O3 und Edelgase.

Elementi metallici
204
Composti.
Cristallovapore.
Tabella
207
Liquidovapore.
Tabella
213
Tabella d
215
Tensioni di vapore tra un'atmosfera ed il punto critico

Hg.
Chemische Verbindungen.
-Tafel.
C-Tafel.
Besondere Tafeln.
Faktoren fr die Umrechnung des Siedepunktes
auf den normal Druck.

Critical-point constants.

Constantes critiques.

Flash points of combustible


liquids.

Point d'inflammabilit des


combustibles liquides.

Two-Component Systems
Two-phase systems. Solid
vapor.
Adsorption and solubilities of
gases in solids.

Systmes deux constituants


Systmes
deux phases.
Solidevapeur.
Adsorption et solubilits des
gaz dans les solides.

Zweikomponenten Systeme
Zweiphasen Systeme. Fest
Dampf.
Adsorption und Lslichkeit
von Gasen in festen Stoffen.

Two-phase systems. Liquid


vapor.
Solubilities of gases in liquids.

Systmes deux phases. Liquidevapeur.


Solubilits des gaz dans les
liquides.
Systmes isothermes.
Pressions partielles et totales.
Abaissement de la tension
de vapeur.
Systmes isobares.
Les deux constituants sont
volatils. Courbes d e s
points d'ebullition.

Zweiphasen Systeme. FlssigkeitDampf.


Lslichkeiten von Gasen in
Flssigkeiten.
Isothermische Systeme.
Partial- und Total-Dampfdrucke.
Dampfdruckerniedrigungen.
Isobare Systeme.
Beide Komponenten flchtig. Siedepunktskurven.

Un constituant non-vola til.


lvation du p o i n t
d'bullition.

Eine Komponente nicht


flchtig. Siedepunktserhhung.

Isothermal systems.
Partial and total vapor
pressures.
Vapor-pressure lowering.
Isobaric systems.
Both components volatile.
Boiling-point curves.
One component non-volatile. Boiling-point elevation.

Konstante am kritischen
Punkt.
Entzndungstemperatur
fr brennbare Flssigkeiten.

Elementi.
P, S, Se, Te ed alogeni. . 202
H2, N2, O2, O3 e gas
nobili
203
Hg
206
Composti.
228
Tabella
Tabella
237
Tabelle speciali.
Fattori per riportare i
punti di ebollizione
alla pressione normale
246
Costanti critiche
248
Temperature di accensione di liquidi combustibili. Voi. II, p. 161
Sistemi a due componenti
Sistemi a due fasi. Solidovapore.
Assorbimento e solubilit del gas nelle sostanze solide
249
Sistemi a due fasi. Liquidovapore.
Solubilit dei gas nei
liquidi
, . . . 254
Sistemi isotermi.
Tensioni di vapore
parziali e totali.284, 301
Abbassamento della
tensione di vapore284,292
Sistemi isobari.
Entrambi i componenti sono volatili.
Curve dei punti di
ebollizione
308
Uno dei componenti
non volatile. Innalzamento d e l
punto di ebollizione. 324

Two-phase systems. Liquid


vapor.(Continued)
Orthobaric systems: P-T-X
relations.
Three-phase
systems. Crystalcrystalvapor.
Relative efficiencies of drying
agents.
For other systems, v. "General
Index" under Thermodynamic Chemistry.

Systmes deux phases. Liquide


vapeur.(Suite)
Systmes orthobares : Relations P-T-X.
Systmes
trois phases.
Cristalcristalvapeur.
Pouvoirs relatifs des agents
de schage.
Pour d'autres systmes, voir
"General
Index" sous
Thermodynamique chimique.

Zweiphasen Systeme. FlssigkeitDampf.(Fortsetzung)


Orthobare Systeme: P-T-X
Beziehungen.
Dreiphasen
Systeme. KristallKristallDampf.
Trocknungsfhigkeit
verschiedener Stoffe.
Andere Systeme, siehe "General Index" unter Kapitel
" Chemische Thermodynamik."

Sistemi a due fasi. Liquido


vapore.(Continuazione)
Sistemi ortobari : Rapporti tra P-T-X
351
Sistemi a tre fasi. Cristallocristallovapore.
Potere
essicante di
diverse sostanze
385
Per altri sistemi, vedi
"General Index,'; Termodinamica.

Three-Component Systems
Two-phase systems. Liquid
vapor.
At least one of the components is a gas. Solubilities of gas mixtures in
liquids and of gases in
solutions.
Isothermal systems.
At least two components
are volatile.
Partial
and total pressures.

Systmes trois constituants


Systmes
deux phases.
Liquidevapeur.
Un des constituants au moins
est un gaz. Solubilits des
mlanges gazeux dans les
liquides et des gaz dans les
solutions.
Systmes isothermes.
Deux des constituants au
moins sont
volatils.
Pressions partielles et
totales.
Un des constituants seulement est volatil. Abaissement de la tension de
vapeur.
Systmes isobares.
Deux des constituants au
moins sont volatils.
Courbes
des
points
d'ebullition.
Deux des constituants ne
sont pas volatils. lvation du point d'ebullition.
Systmes orthobares : Relations P-T-X.
Systmes trois et quatre
phases.
Systmes quatre constituants
Solubilits des gaz dans les
solutions.
Tous les autres systmes.

Dreikomponenten Systeme
Zweiphasen Systeme. FlssigkeitDampf.
Mindestens eine der Komponenten ist ein Gas. Lslichkeit von Gasmischungen in Flssigkeiten und
von Gasen in Lsungen.
Isothermische Systeme.
Mindestens zwei Komponenten sind flchtig.
Partial- und TotalDampf drucke.
Nur eine Komponente ist
flchtig. Dampfdruckerniedrigungen.

Orthobare Systeme: P-T-X


Beziehungen.
Drei- und Vier-Phasen Systeme.

Sistemi a tre componenti


Sistemi a due fasi. Liquidovapore.
Almeno uno dei componenti gas. Solubilit dei miscugli
gasosi nei liquidi e dei
gas nelle soluzioni.... 254
Sistemi isotermi.
Almeno due componenti sono volatili.
Pressioni parziali e
pressione totale 284, 301
Uno solo dei componenti volatile.
Abbassamento della
tensione di vapore.. 292
Sistemi isobari.
Almeno due componenti sono volatili.
Curve dei punti di
ebollizione
306, 308
Uno solo dei componenti volatile. Innalzamento d e l
punto di ebollizione. 324
Sistemi ortobari : Rapporto tra P-T-X.. 306, 351
Sistemi a tre e quattro Jasi 351

Vierkomponenten Systeme

Sistemi a quattro componenti

One component only is


volatile. Vapor-pressure
lowering.
Isobaric systems.
At least two components
are volatile. Boilingpoint curves.
Two components are nonvolatile.
Boiling-point
elevation.
Orthobaric systems: P-T-X
relations.
Three- and four-phase systems.
Four-Component Systems
Solubilities of gases in solutions.
All other systems.

Isobare Systeme.
Mindestens zwei Komponenten sind flchtig.
Siedepunktskurven.
Nur eine Komponente ist
flchtig. Siedepunktserhhung.

Gaslslichkeit in Lsungen.
Alle anderen Systeme.

Solubilit dei gas nelle


soluzioni
272
Tutti gli altri sistemi
351

VAPOR PRESSURES OF P, S, SE, TE AND THE HALOGENS


ALAN W. C. MENZIES
THE CRYSTALLINE STATE

THE LIQUID STATE UP TO ONE ATMOSPHERE

logloP=^ ^^^^-B;pinmm(=^ 0 A n );^in C,T = *+273.1

t, C

BK, BROMINE (16 18> 31)

t, 0C

p, mm
5%

[I

/,0C

-45

-7.3*
-5
O
-f5
10
15
20
25

p, mm
5%

(-95)
-90
-85
-80
-75

(0.0022)
0.0052
0.0117
0.0251
0.0513

1.83
3%
2.98
4.77
7.45

-40
-35
-30

-70
-65

0.102
0.192

-25
-20

11.4
17.1

-60
-55

0.357
0.628

-15
-10

25.2
36.6

-50

1.09

- 7.3*

44.4

* M. P.

11 0C

* M. P.

CL, CHLORINE ( 16 )
A = -29293; B = 9.950; accuracy, 10%; range,
-154 to -1030C

-103*
-100
-90
-80

I, IODINE (i, 2, 14, si)


0

/, C

-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
O
+ 10
20
30
*M. P.

p, mm
5%
0.0437
0.0319
0.O3SO
0.0030
0.0099
1%
0.0299
0.0808
0.202
0.471

Il

t, 0C

40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
114.15*

BR, BROMINE (4, is, 28, 31 )


I
U
t, 0C
I
Pi mm
2%
44.4
30
50.5
35
65.9
40
85.3
45
109
50
138
55
173
58.78t
214
(60)
302|

-70
-60
*M. P.

PJ mm
1%
1.03
2.16
4.31
8.22
15.1
26.8
45.5
74.9
90.1

t 0.03.

p, mm
2%
264
324
392
472
564
670
760
(793)
Grit.

CL, CHLORINE (** i*> 2I9 29, 38)


I
p, mm
u
/, 0C
I
5%
8.9
-50
11.8
-40
27.8
58.7
-34.6
3%
115
-30
211
-20
I

I, IODINE (31, 32, 37)


p, mm
Il
t, 0C
I
2%
114.15
90.1
160
115
92.9
170
120
111
180
130
157
184.35*
140
217
190
150
294
I
553.41
* 0.1.
t 3crit.
t, 0C

P, PHOSPHORUS ( 7 > 24 > 36)


For white P r A = -63 123; B = 9.6511; range, 20 to 44.10C
(M. P.); error <10%.
For violet P: A = -108 510; B = 11.0842; range, 380 to ca.
59O0C; accuracy 5% above 50O0C.

p, mm
3%
363
594
1%
760
2%
935
1398

PJ mm
2%
394
521
679
760
(869)

P, PHOSPHORUS (20, 24, 25, so, 36)


OOQO 1

Iog10p,mm = 11.5694 --^F


1.2566 1Og10T7; range, 44.1 to
0
635 C; accuracy of p = 7 % except near the B. P., 279.70C,
where it is 2 % (equivalent to 1).
S, SULFUR (3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 15, 17, 26, 27, 32, 33, 34, 39)

S, SULFUR (13, 34)


0

t, C
50
60
70
80

p, mm
0.0002
0.0004
0.0010
I
0.0023
* M. P.

[I

t, 0C

t, C
I
90
100
110
114.5*
t 10 %.

p, mm
0.0049
0.010
0.021
0.028f

114.5 M. P.
120
130
140
150
160

SE, SELENIUM (i)


Hexagonal form
0

t, C

195
200
205
*M. P.

p, mm
10%
0.0010
0.0015
0.0022

I]

t, C

210
215
217.4*

p, mm
10%
0.0032
0.0047
0.0055

'

170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

p, mm
10%
0.028
0.040
0.074
0.13
0.22
0.37
7%
0.59
0.91
1.4
2.1
3.1
4.4
6.3
8.7

[I

t, 0C
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380

p, mm
12
16
21
28
37
48
60
76
95
5%
118
146
179
218
263

S.(Continued)
t, 0C

390
400
410
420
430
440

p, mm
3%
325
376
446
1%
525
613
0.3%
711

I)

CL.(Continued)

t, 0C

444.60
450
460
470
480
490

p, mm
<0.1%
760,0
0.3%
821
3%
948
109s
125?
5%
144i

t = 444.60 + 0.0910(p - 760) - 0.0449(p - 76O)2, for p = 695


to 805 mm (1-2 mm). Relative accuracy, 0.1-0.2 mm ( 40 ).
SE, SELENIUM (*<> 23, so)
t, 0C

217.4 M.P.
220
'
225
230
235
390
400
420
440
460
0

t, C
488
578

p, mm
[I
t, 0C
10%
0.0055
480
0.0062
500
0.0078
0.0097
620
0.0120
640
3.0
660
4.0
680
7.0
688
11
700
17
710
TE, TELLURIUM (" 35)
P1 mm
U
t, 0C
0.464
67
3.34
1390

p, mm
10%
28
42
3%
313
420
550
700
760
865
970
p, mm
IO
760

VAPOR PRESSURES AND ORTHOBARIC DENSITIES ABOVE


ONE ATMOSPHERE
di (resp. dv) = density of saturated liquid (resp. vapor) in g per
,cm'; dm = Y2(U1 + dv).
All values at the critical point are given in bold-face type.
The latent heat of vaporization (I) in joules per g is given by
the equation:
1013 1
10133 ^
(- - dIV
V -djpl
IW dlQ
LI - O
0.10133
jl. dT*- -Q Q4343 ^
dT S"P
CL, CHLORINE (16, 19, 21, 22, 29, 38)
t, 0C

-34.6
-30
-20
-10
O
+ 10
20
30

P1 atm.
1%
1.00
2%
1.23
1.84
2.61
3.65
4.96
6.57
8.60

di

dv
0.5%

1.561
1.550
1.524
1.496
1.468
1.438
1.408
1.377

0.0128
0.0175
0.0226
0.0300

t, 0C

40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
144+1

p, atm.
-

11.1
14.1
17.6
21.6
26.2
31.5
37.6
44.4
52.4
61.4
71.4
(76.1)

di

dv

1.344
1.310
1.375
1.240
1.199
1.156
1.109
1.059
0.998
0.920
0.750

0.0384
0.0486
0.0600
0.0740
0.0910
0.1125
0.136
0.164
0.206
0.258
0.405
0.573

dm = 0.7403 - 0.0011618.
P, PHOSPHORUS (20, 24, 25, 30, 36)

For white and violet P: logio P1 mm = 11.5694 - 2898.1/77


1.2566 logio T; (p 7%) range, 44.1 to 6350C ( 2 % near B. P.,
279.70C); t, crit. = 720.6 30C; p, crit. = 100 10 atm. (cale,
from equation).
S, SULFUR (5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, IS, 17, 26, 27, 32, 33, 34, 39)

t, 0C

444.6
450
460
470
480
490

p, mm
<0.1%
760
0.3%
821
3%
948
109s
125?
5%
144i

Il
:

t, 0C
I

5
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
1040 5

p, mm
%
164?
1876
213o
241o
271s
305s
342s
3824

LITERATURE
(For key to the periodicals see end of volume)
O) Baxter and Grose, 1, 37: 1061; 15. (2) Baxter, Hickey and Holmes, /, 29 :
127; 07. ( 3 ) Bodenstein, 7, 30: 113; 99. ( 4 ) Bouzat and Leluan, 34, 178:
635; 24. ( 5 ) Callendar and Griffiths, 68, 182A: 119; 91. () Callendar and
Moss, ot 84: 595; 10. ( 7 ) Centnerszwer, 7, 85: 99; 13. ( 8 ) Chappuis, 238,
16; 14. (9) Day and Sosman, 12, 38: 517; 12.
1
( O) Dodd, 1, 42: 1579; 20. ( 11 J Doolan andPartington,S3,20:342;24. (^)
Eumorfopoulos, 5, 90: 189; 14. (13) Gruener, 1, 29: 1396; 07. ( 14 ) Haber
and Kerschbaum, 9, 20: 296; 14. ( 15 ) Harker and Sexton, 133, 1908: 621.
( 16 ) Henglein, Rosenberg and Mtichlinski, 96,11:1; 22. (i?) Holborn and
Henning, 8, 35: 761; 11. ( 18 ) Isnardi, 8, 61: 264; 20. ( 19 ) Johnson and
Mclntosh, 1, 81: 1138; 09.
(20) Jolibois, 34, 149: 287; 09. ( 21 ) Knietsch, 13, 259: 100; 90. (22) Lange.
92, 1900: 683. (23) LeChatelier, 34, 121: 323; 95. (2*) MacRae and Van
Voorhis, 1, 43: 547; 21. (25) Marckwald and Helmholtz, 93, 124: 81; 22.
(26) Matthies, 63, 7: 395; 06. (27) Mueller and Burgess, 31, No. 339; 19.
(28) Nadezdin, Kiev Univ. Unters., 6: 32; 85. 9: 721; 85. (29) Pellaton,
42, 13: 426; 15.
3
( O) Preuner and Brockmoeller, 7; 81: 129; 12. (31) Ramsay and Young, 4,
49: 453; 86. ( 32 ) Rassow, 93, 114: 117; 20. ( 33 ) Regnault, 151, 26: 339;
62. (34) Ruff and Graf, 93, 58: 209; 08. ( 3S ) Saint-Claire Deville and
Troost, 34, 91: 83; 80. (3*) Smits and Bokhorst, 7, 91: 249; 16. ( 3 7)
Stelzner and Niederschulte, 96, 7: 159; 05. ( 38 ) Trautz and Gerwig, 93,
134: 417; 24. (39) Waidner and Burgess, 31 A, No. 6: 149; 10.

VAPOR PRESSURES OF THE ATMOSPHERIC GASES


C. A. CROMMELIN
I. VAPOR PRESSURES UP TO TWO ATMOSPHERES
p, in mm Hg ( = 1/760 A n ); t, in 0C (Leiden scale, v. Vol. I,
p. 54); the following equation applies over the range covered by
the tabulated data, except as otherwise indicated:

loglo pmm = C^ + B + CT + DT + ET*


Trp. = triple point.

1. Two^Phase, CrystalVapor, Sublimation Pressures


T

f t -189.19Trp. -207.62 A = -7 814.5 \


TT
Arg0n
(1)
\ p
512.17
21.97 B = +7.5741 /
f t
-169 Trp. -188.7 A = -10 065
,31,
\ p
132.5
9.0 B = +7.1770 J ( }
/ t -209.86 Trp. -215.20 A = -6 881.3 \ (2);c/.
2
\p
96.4 I 28.82 B = 4-7.665581/ (*o> 35)
Neon (39)
*, C

-248.56
-248.84
-249.09
-249.62
-250.22
-250.84
-251.24
-252.62
-253.16
-253.30
t
Rn
p

Pmm

Il

317
279
250
195
148
111
91
40
28.2
25.3
-70.5 Trp.
500

[| Lit.

Q)

*, C

Pmm

-253.64
-254.07
-254.63
-254.92
-255.43
-255.79
-256.46
-256.79
-257.62

20.0
14.9
9.8
7.8
5,1
3.7
2.1
1.3
0.55

-101 -127
50*
9*

-78
250*
I

(34)

* These pressures probably too high, possibly on account of impurities.

2. Two-Phase, LiquidVapor
Argon (i)
A -9377.0
t, 0C
I
B = 6.92387
Pmm
-182.82
1026.0
N (2}
-185.66
(760)
-
rLLi
ymm
-189.19
512.17 Trp.
*' ^
I
188 88
1 1 1
A = -6826.0
~ ^ '
B = 6 9605
-193.91
938.6
'
-195.78
760.0
H2 (3, 11, 28)
-248
50
21QQ
2
l.^o
obi.
^^O.JU
^itf.^
9ftA
fiQ
99ft V7
9K9

^c

^0^.40

-252.74
-254.73
-256.61
-258.46
-259.14

coo 7

O4O . /

760.0
397.6
191.9
79.9
51.4 Trp.
49

t ~! 't?

c - o'So

D--00489
^ -7 ,
-= -*484
Helium (is 19, 29)
t, C
I
^
-268.88
760
-269.20
565
-269.57
359.5
-269.92
197
-270.85
51
-271 61
4 Is
' ,
o'
971
J / i /74 :
~ '
E
1
logio P = 4.7290
- 7.9780/2
2
- 0.13628/T + 4.3634/77^.
Range, 5.19 to 1.4750K
KrC 3 1 )
-149.9
898.20
-152.1
760.0
-160.3
386.4
-169 Trp. (132.5)

^U^.Oy

orvO

K0

4&.ot

1ork

nrv

"^
JHV
96 4 Tfp
"29'86
'
'
A = -6407.0
B = 7.5777
C = -0.00476
Neon 4 24> 39
('
)
228 66 19797

'

~229'26 18472
-231.71 13 245
-233.60 10 042
-236.82
6 057.2
-240.25
3 171.5
-241.77
2264.8
l 434 9
~243'69
'
816 2
~245'68
'
791
~245'79
'
-245'88
767'1
-246.66
605.2
-247.33
486.0
_947 4Q
451 fi
_ 2 47's2
410'
_ 24g ' 1Q
3?3
-248.'29
350
-248.51
325.0
A = -1615.5
B =5.69991
C = 0.0111800

O2 (2, 10, 21, 22, 35)


t, 0C
I
Pmm
-182.62
786.63
-182.95
760.00
-186.91
493.30
-192.01
263.19
-195.50
162.15
-201.38
64.01
-204.52
36.11
-210.72
9.59
-218.4
2 Trp.

A = -17153
B =7.12128
O3 Ozone* (**> 32, 33)
t, 0C 1 |
Pmm
-193.1
0.01s
-183.1
0.1?
-173 1
l'a
^163'.!
6'.87
_ 153>1
25.4
_143 !
74>6
^1331
182 8

A
B
C
Range,

-123-1
-112-4
""^
-182

-38.6

=-8028.1
= 8.1173
= 0.00648
-182 to -2110C

Rn R^0n (9)
2000

-61.8
-70.5 Trp.

387 7

'

^atm* (cr^cal)
3
1.78g/cm )
76

* Evaluated by C. S. Cragoe.
cooperating expert.

(760)
500

Xenon (31)
Trp. = ca. -14O0C

,
l

II. VAPOR PRESSURES AND ORTHOBARIC DENSITIES


ABOVE ONE ATMOSPHERE
p
t
T
di (resp. dv)

= vapor pressure in normal atmospheres.


= temperature, 0C, Leiden scale (v. Vol. I, p. 54).
= t +273.1.
= density of saturated liquid (resp. vapor) in grams
per cm3.

dm = y2(di +dv).
All values at the critical point are given in bold-face type.
Argon (is, 6, 16)
^C
I
^toT
_12g 44
47 996
-125.49
42.457
-129.83
35.846
-134.72
29.264
,
-140.80
22.185
-150.57
13.707
-161.23
7,4332
-185.66
1.0000
logio P = 4.85033 - 634.391
IT + 30 769.09/r* - 1 076 464
/T3; for p > 1.
/op i
T
1
-j
-A-C
*
!
*!
122.44

0.53078

-125.17 0.77289 0.29534


-135.51 0.97385 0.15994
-150.76 1.13851 0.06785
-161.23 1.22414 0.03723*
-175.39 1.32482 0.01457*
-183.15 1.37396 0.00801*
dm = 0.20956 - 0.0026235*.
* Calculated from equation of state.

H2 (3, 11, 12, 23, 26)


t, 0C
I
p, atm. ""
-239.91
12.80
-240.49
11.752
-245.68
5.0566
-248.50
2.8937
-252.74
1.0000

T Iogi0p = -56.605 +
3.8015T
0.10458T^ +
0.003321T3 _ 0.043219T4; for
p >l

'
t, 0C |
di
\
dv
-239.91
0.03102
-240.57 0.04316 0.01922
-243.03 0.05402 0.01081
-245.73 0.06050 0.00613
-249.89 0.06724 0.00264
-253.24 0.07134 0.00116*
-256.75 O 07494 0.00038*
-258.27 0.07631 O.OQQ2Q*
dm = -0.063510 0.00039402^.
* Calculated from equation ot state.

/19 20 29 3n
Helium (19, 20, 29, 36)
0
T, K
|
p, atm.
5.19
2.261
5.16
2.195
4.90
1.749
4
-21
1-QQQ
logiQ p =

l^^2 - 7.9780/T

- 0.13628/ T2 + 4.3634/713
(from critical point to T =
1.475).
T,0K | di
\ dv
5.19
0.06930
4.71 0.1139 0.02699
4.59 0.1165 0.02389
0.01637
4.23
0.1253

N2.(Continued]
t, 0C
di
I
dv
-182.51 0.7433 0.01576*
-195.09 0.8043 0.00498*
-208.36 0.8622 0.000868*
dm = 0.022904 - 0.0019577*.

Helium.(Continued)
0

T1 K I
di
4.22
0.1255
3.90
0.1311
3.30
0.1395
2.56
0.1457
2.37
0.1466
2.30
0.1469t
2.21
0.1466
2.10
0.1464
1.92
0.1462
1.59
0.1460
1.20
0.1459
dm = -0.40263

I
dv
0.01618*
0.01176*
0.006435*
0002079*
0.001368*
0.001159*

* Calculated from equation of state.

Neon (4, 8, is, 24, 25)


t, 0C
p, atm.
-228.71
26.86
-231.71
17.428
-236.82
7.970
-241.77
2.980
-245.92
1.000

I
0.0017616*.

* Calculated from equation of state,


t Maximum.

Kr (31)
t, 0C
I
p, atm.
- 6 2 . 6 5 4 . 2 4
- 70
41.12
- 90
24.27
-110
11.32
-130
4.315
-150
1.175
-151.8
1.000
diat -146 = 2.155.
N 2 (2, 7, 17, 27)

I, 0C
I
-147.13
-152.11
-161.31
-173.58
-182.47
-195.78

p, atm.
33.490
25.889
15.949
7.3705
3.7248
1.0000

T logio P = -84.380 +
2.8191077 + 0.0111800772.
\

t, 0G I
-228.71

- 230.07
-234.01
-237.04
- 242.96
-247.921

di

I
dv~
0.4835

0.74866 0.23935
0.92803 0.11592
1.01750 0.06742
1.14960 0.02013
1.23824 0.00534*

dm = -1.154406 0.00716146*.
* Calculated from equation of state.
Q2 (2, 15, 27)

t, 0C
I
-118.82
-118.88
-125.28
-135.96
-149.25
-154.87
-182.95

p, atm.
49.713
49.640
38.571
24.528
12.506
9.096
1.000

logio P = 5.76381 - 853.522


IT + 54 372.3/T7* - 1 783 500
/T3; for p > 1.
A new series of determinaA new series of determina- tions and discussion of all
tions and discussion of all available data are given in ( 38 ).
available data are given in (38).
t, 0C I di
I
d
*, 0C I
-147.13
-148.08
-153.65
-161.20
-173.73

di

I
dv
0.31096
0.4314 0.2000
0.5332 0.1177
0.6071 0.06987
0.6922 0.02962

-118.82
0.4299
-120.4 0.6032 0.2701
-123.3 0.6779 0.2022
-129.9 0.7781 0.1320
-140.2 0.8742 0.0805
| -154.5 0.9758 0.0385

O2.(Continued}
t, 0C I di
dv
-182.0
1.1415 0.00490*
-210.4
1.2746 0.0000865*
dm = 0.1608 - 0.002265*.
* Calculated from equation of state.

Rn, Radon (9)


t, 0C
I
p, atm.
+104.4
62.44
100
59.43
70
37.67
40
13.64
+ 10
11.40
- 20
5.260
- 50.
2.065
- 60
1.361
- 61.8
1.000
Xenon (3Q, 31)
t, 0C
I
p, atm.
+ 16.658.22
0.0
41.24
- 20
26.73

Xenon.(Continued)
J1 0 G
I
p, atm.
- 4 0 1 5 . 8 5
- 60
8.570
- 80
4.064
-100
-109.1

1.629
.OQQ

t, 0G I
di
I
dv
+16.6
1.164
16
1.468
0.844
15
1.528 0.791
+ 10
1.745 0.602
O
1.987 I 0.421
-10
2.169 ! 0.313
-20
2.292 ! 0.238
-30
2.410 I 0.180
-40
2.511 i 0.137
-50
2.605 ! 0.108
-60
2.699 j 0.079
-70
2.792 I 0.048
dm = 1.205 - 0.003055*.

LITERATURE
(For a key to the periodicals see end of volume)
(M Born, 8, 69: 473; 22. ( 2 ) Cath, 64P, 21: 656; 19. 168, No. 152d. ( 3 )
Cath and Onnes, 6Jf, 20: 991, 1155; 18. 168, No. 152a. ( 4 ) Cath and
Onnes, 6Jf, 20: 1160; 18. 168, No. 152b. < 5 ) Crommelin, 64P, 13: 54; 10.
168, No. 115. ( 6 ) Crommelin, 64P, 16: 477; 13. 168, No. 138c. (?)
Crommelin, 64P1 17: 959; 15. 168, No. 145d. () Crommelin, 70, 42:
814; 23. (9) Gray and Ramsay, 4, 95: 1073; 09.
10
( ) Holst, 64P, 18: 829; 16. 168, No. 148a. < 11 ) Martinez and Onnes, 18, 6:
31; 22. 168, No. 156b. (") Mathias, Crommelin and Onnes, 64P, 23:
1175; 22. 34, 172: 261; 21. 168, No. 154b. ( 13 ) Mathias. Crommelin
and Onnes, 84, 175: 933; 22. 168, No. 162b. ( 1 ^) Mathias, Crommelin.
Onnes and Swallow, 64V, 34: 334; 25. 168, No. 172b. ( 1S ) Mathias and
Onnes, 64P, 13: 939; 11. 168, No. 117. ( 1 S) Mathias, Onnes and Crommelin, 64P, 15: 667, 960; 13. 168, No. 131a. ( l 7 ) Mathias, Onnes and
Crommelin, 64P, 17: 953; 15. 168, No. 145c. < 18 ) Onnes, 64P, 13: 1093;
11. 168, No. 119. ( 19 ) Onnes, 64P, 14: 678; 12. 168, No. 124b.
( 20 ) Onnes and Boks, B60, 215. 168, No. 17Ob. ( 21 ) Onnes and Braak, 64P,
11: 333; 08. 168, No. 107a. ( 22 ) Onnes and Crommelin, 64P, 14: 163; 11.
168, No. 121c. < 2 3 ) Onnes and Crommelin, 64P, 16: 245; 13. 168, No.
137a. ( 24 ) Onnes and Crommelin, 6Jf, 18: 515; 15. 168, No. 147d.
( 25 ) Onnes, Crommelin and Cath, 64P, 19: 1058; 17. 168, No. 151b.
( 26 ) Onnes, Crommelin and Cath, 64P, 20: 178; 17. 168, No. 151c. ( 2 ?)
Onnes, Dorsman and Hoist, 6Jf, 17: 950; 15. 168, No. 145b. < 28 ) Onnes
and Keesom, 6Jf, 16: 440; 13. 168, No. 137d. ( 2 ) Onnes and Weber,
6Jf, 18: 493; 15. 168, No. 147b.
( 30 ) Patterson, Cripps and Gray, 5, 86: 579; 12. C 31 ) Ramsay and Travers, 62,
197: 47; 01. ( 32 ) Riesenfeld and Beja, 147, 6: No. 7; 23. 93, 132: 179; 24.
< 33 ) Riesenfeld and Schwab, 25, 55: 2088; 22. 96, 11: 12; 22. (3*)
Rutherford, S, 17: 723; 09. ( 3S ) von Siemens, 8, 42: 871; 13. ( 3S )
Spangenberg, 7, 119: 419; 26. ( 37 ) Travers, Senter and Jacquerod,
62, 200: 155; 03. (3*) Dodge and Davis, 1, 49: 610; 27. ( 3 > Crommelin
and Gibson, 64V, 36: 173; 27. 168, No. 185b.

VAPOR PRESSURES OF THE METALS


J. JOHNSTON, F. FENWICK AND H. G. LEOPOLD
The value, for the several metals, of the coefficient A (in kilo joules) and of B (for pressures p in mm of mercury) in the equation
logio P = 52.23 A/T + B, together with the values (calculated from the equation) of the temperatures corresponding to the pressures 760, 1, and 0.001 mm Hg. (1) = liquid, (s) = solid.

Substance

State

Range covered
by equation, 0C

A (kilojoule)
250

Ag

(1)

1650-1950

Al
As

(D
(D

800- 860

(s)

440- 815

133

Au
Ba
Bi
C

(D
(D
(D
(D

2315-2500
930-1130
1210-1420
3880-4430

385
35o
200
54o

Caf

(D
(s)
(D
(D

960-1110
500- 700
500- 840
320.9- 525

37o

Cd

B (for
pin mm
Hg)
8.762

195

99.9
111-0.0177I

8.87e
9.596

(3927)

(2666)*

(2018)*

16.240
9.697
7.897
12.107

6.949
12.344

Fe
Hg

(D
O)

2220-2450
400-1300

309
58.7

7.482
7.752

(D

-38.87-400

(s)

(-80H-38.87)

(1)
(1)
(s)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(s)
(1)
(1)

0.001
(837)*

(1292)
(701.1)*
(606.8)

73.4
468

(s)

(176s)
(887)
(904)

8.564
7.571

Pt
Rb
Sb
Si
Sn
Sr
W
Tl
Zn

1
(121s)

(261i)
(1146)
(147o)

9.85s
15.765

109.0
309

Ni||
Pb

Calculated triple point


36.0 atm., 82O0C
604.3
(370.2)
(230.3)

lO.Soo

150- 320.9
2375
2200
200- 350
2100-2310

(1)
(1)
(1)

760
194s

6.692

(s)
(D
(D
(D
(D

(D
(D
(D
(s)

C at which p in mm Hg equals

18oo
47.1

Col)
Cr
Cs
Cu

K
Mg
Mn
Mo
Na

73.0

10.383

84.9
26o

12.993

(1174)
(122i H
767
p = 10
0
C = 485 . 3
(3168)

22oo
(669.3)
231o

(73i)*
529

5
454 .6
(391. 7) t

1
392 . 2
219.1

(1859)

(1254)*

278.6
(17O7)

(112.3)
(132o)

(323s)
p = IO4
0
C = 544.1
356.70

(1884)
(1267)*
10s
5 X 10fi
84 1
122o
See special table, p. 206

p = 10-9
C = -76.4
758
107o

IO-
IO"7
10~6
-65.7 -53.6
-40.4
344.2
(162.3)
(772)
(576.O)*

1900
(4l88)t

(1227)*
(3003)t

(861)*
(2293)

441.2

238.1

7.183

(9I7)
(777)

260- 760
900-1070
1510-1900
1800-2240
180- 883

267

680
103.3

9.3oo
10.844
7.553

2360
525-1325

309
188.5

7.6oo
7.827

(3147)

(1851)

(171s)

98s

636.2

1425-1765
250- 370
1070-1325
1200-1320
1950-2270
940-1140
950-1200
2230-2770
600- 985

486
76
189

7.786
6.976
9.05l
5.950
9.64s

(49oi)t
(696.0)
1327
(26 2 o) t
(226o)
(1154)
(165o)
(63s3)t
906

(2987)
295.8
(81s)
12i9
(15Os)
(899)
(74s)
(44so)t

(20so)J
(124.8)
(546.O)*
(719.2)
(1282)
(713.4)*
(412.7)
(3353)

419.4- 625

170

328
36o
12o
897
118.0

127-0.017^

250- 419.4
133
(s)
( ) Extrapolated beyond experimental range.

882

16.056

6.140
9.920
8.10s

(125O)*

p = 20
10
5
1
C = (632.3) 594.1
558.9
487.7
9.2Oo I
I (532.0) t I
296.3

12.184

Lit.
(22, 23, 24, 2S1 54, 63, 73, 85
88, 90)
(22, 25, 88)
(34)
(20, 21, 29, 30, 34, 38, 40, 47,
66, 68, 73, 81)
(54, 73, 85, 88)
( 77 )
(22, 23, 24, 25, 54, 73, 81)
(1, 14, 15, 45, 46, 55, 56, 57,
69, 84, 92)
(77, 79)
(64)
(4, 5, 18, 32, 36, 54, 59, 73)

(9, 10,13,59)
(80)
(22, 25)
(2, 12, 28, 45, 48, 52, 78, 82)
(16, 22, 23, 24, 25, 54, 58, 73,
81,85)
(22, 25, 76)
(3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 19, 26, 31,
32, 33, 36, 37, 41, 43, 44, 49,
60, 61, 62, 65, 67, 73, 82, 83,
86, 87, 94)

(65)
(17, 28, 32, 42, 48, 78, 82)
(8,22,25,77,88)
(22,25,74)
(39,53,54,93)
(19, 27, 28, 32, 37, 50, 70, 78,
91)
(75)
(11, 12, 22, 23, 24, 25, 35, 54,
71, 72, 73, 88, 90)
(39, 53, 54)
(12, 28, 42, 78, 82)
(22,25,54,73,81)

( 8 9 );C/. (*6)
(22, 23, 24, 25, 54, 73, 88)
(77)
(20, 47, 88, 90)
(39, 51, 54, 95)

(4,5,12,23,24,32,36,54,59,
71, 73)

* Extrapolated below freezing point.


t These two curves are mutually inconsistent.
Extrapolated above melting point.
These are the only two cases in which the accuracy of the present data seems to justify the use of a curved line.
respectively :
logiopcd = -Ul X 52.23/T - 1.203 logioT + 12.107
and
logioPZn - -127 X 52.23/r - 1.203 logioT + 12.184
IJ Slope made equal to that of iron.

(9, 10)

The equations of these curves are

t, 0C [I
-30
-20
-10
- O

+ O
+ 10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390

0
I
0.05478
.O4ISl
.04606
.03185

1
I
0.06415
.0459
.04540
.03166

THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF MERCURY FROM -39


Unit, mm of Hg = K 6 o An

TO +40O0C

2
I
0.05359
.0440
.04481
.03149

6
I
0.05197
.05828
.04298
.04954

3
I
0.05309
.0423
.04428
.03133

4
I
0.05266
.0408
.04380
.03H9

5
I
0.05229
.05947
.04337
.03107

7
I
0.05169
.05723
.04263
.04853

8
I
0.05145
.06630
.04232
.04762

9
0.05124
.05549
.04205
.04680

.03185
.03206
.03228
.03251
.03276
.03304
.03335
.03369
.03406
03446
.03490
.03537
.03588
.03644
.03706
.03773
.03846
.03925
.001009
.001101
.001201
.001309
.001426
.001553
.001691
.001840
.002000
.002173
.002359
-.002560
.002777
.003010
.003261
.003532
.003823
.004135
.004471
.004832
.005219
.005634
.006079
.006556
.007067
.007614
.008200
.008827
.009497
.01021
.01098
.01180
.01267
.01360
.01459
.01565
.01677
.01797
.01925
.02061
.02206
.02360
.02524
.02698
.02883
.03079
.03287
.03507
.03740
.03988
.04251
.04530
.04825
.05138
.05469
.05819
.06189
.06580
.06993
.07429
.07889
.08375
.08880
.09430
.1000
.1060
.1124
.1191
.1261
.1335
.1413
.1495
.1582
.1673
.1769
.1870
.1976
.2086
.2202
.2324
.2453
.2588
.2729
.2877
.3032
.3195
.3366
.3544
.3731
.3927
.4132
.4347
.4572
.4807
.5052
.5308
.5576
.5857
.6150
.6456
.6776
.7109
.7457
.7820
.8198
.8592
.9004
.9434
.9882
1.035
1.084
1.134
1.186
1.241
1.298
1.357
1.419
1.484
1.551
1.620
1.692
1.767
1.845
1.926
2.010
2.097
2.188
2.282
2.379
2.480
2.585
2.694
2.807
2.924
3.046
3.172
3.303
3.438
3.578
3.723
3.873
4.028
4.189
4.356
4.528
4.706
4.890
5.080
5.277
5.480
5.689
5.905
6.128
6.358
6.596
6.842 .
7.095
7.356
7.626
7.905
8.193
8.490
8.796
9.111
9.436
9.711
10.116
10.472
10.839
11.217
11.607
12.009
12.423
12.849
13.287
13.738
14.203
14.681
15.173
15.679
16.200
16.736
17.287
17.854
18.437
19.036
19.652
20.285
20.936
21.605
22.292
22.998
23.723
24.468
25.233
26.019
26.826
27.654
28.504
29.376
30.271
31.190
32.133
33.100
34.092
35.110
36.153
37.222
38.318
39.442
40.595
41.777
42.989
44.231
45.503
46.806
48.141
49.509
50.909
52.343
53.812
55.316
56.855
58.431
60.044
61.695
63.384
65.113
66.882
68.692
70.543
72.437
74.375
76.356
78.381
80.451
82.568
84.732
86.944
89.206
91.518
93.881
96.296
98.763
101,28
103.85
106.48
109.17
111.91
114.71
117.57
120.49
123.47
126.51
129.62
132.79
136.02
139.34
142.69
146.13
149.64
153.22
156.87
160.59
164.39
168.26
172.21
176.24
180.34
184.52
188.79
193.14
197.57
202.09
206.70
211.39
216.17
221.04
226.00
231.06
236.21
241.46
246.80
252.24
257.78
263.42
269.17
275.02
280.98
287.04
293.21
299.49
305.89
312.40
319.02
325.76
332.62
339.60
346.70
353.92
361.26
368.73
376.33
384.06
391.92
399.91
408.04
416.31
424.71
433.25
441.94
450.77
459.74
468.86
478.13
487.55
497.12
506.85
516.74
526.79
537.00
547.37
557.90
568.59
579.45
590.48
601.69
613.08
624.64
636.38
648.30
660.40
672.69
685.17
697.83
710.68
723.73
736.98
750.43
764.08
777.92
791.97
806.23
820.70
835.38
850.26
865.36
880.68
896.23
912.01
928.02
944.27
960.66
977.38
994.34
1011.5
1028.9
1046.5
1064.4
1082.5
1100.9
1119.5
1138.4
1157.6
1177.0
1196.6
1216.6
1236.8
1257.3
1278.1
1299.1
1320.3
1341.9
1363.9
1386.1
1408.6
1431.3
1454.3
1477.7
1501.3
1525.2
1549.5

400 1574.1

pro oo vx KQ n

(For continuation use the equation, logic P --m


LITERATURE

(For a key to the periodicals see end of volume)


t1) Alterthum, 97, 6: 540; 25. (2) Bartels, 8, 65: 143; 21. ( 3 ) Bernhardt, 63,
26: 265; 25. ( 4 ) Berthelot, 84, 131: 380; 00. ( 5 ) Braune, 93, 111: 109; 20.
(6) Cailletet, Colardeau and Rivire, 34, 130: 1585; 00. (7) Callendar and
Griffiths, 62, 182: 119; 92. (*) Ditte, 34, 73: 108; 71. ( 9 ) Egerton, 3, 33:
33; 17.
(1) Egerton, S, 39: 1; 20. C 11 ) Egerton, 5, 103: 469; 23. ( 12 ) Egerton, 3, 48:
1048; 24. (13) Egerton and Raleigh, 4, 123: 3024; 23. ( 14 ) Fajans, 9, 31 :
63; 25. ( 15 ) Fajans and Rishkevich, 218, 12: 304, 578; 24. ( 1 ^) Fry, 6,
29: 428; 03. (") Fiock and Rodebush, 1, 48: 2522; 26. ( 18 ) Fogler and
Rodebush, 1, 45: 2080; 23. ( 1 9 ) Gebhardt, 26, 3: 184; 05.
(*) Gibson, Diss., Breslau, 1911. ( 21 ) Goubau, 34, 158: 121; 14. ^ 2 2 ) Greenwood, o, 82: 396; 09. ( 23 ) Greenwood, 5, 8: 483; 10. ( 2 4 ) Greenwood, 7,
76: 484; 11. ( 2 S) Greenwood, 9, 18: 319; 12. (26) Haber and Kerschbaum,
9, 20: 296; 14. ( 2 *) Haber and Zisc^, 96, 9: 302; 22. (28) Hackspill, 34,
154: 877; 12. ( 2 ) Heike, 93, 118; 254; 21.

h 7.752, valid up to 130O0C)

( 30 ) Heike and Leroux, 93, 92: 119; 15. ( 31 ) Hertz, 8, 17: 193; 82. ( 32 ) Heycock and Lamplough, 182, 28: 3; 12. ( 33 ) Hill, 2, 20: 259; 22. ( 3 4 ) Horiba,
7, 106: 295; 23. ( 35 ) Ingold, 4, 121: 2419; 22. ( 3 ) Jenkins, 5, 110: 456;
26. (37) Jewett, 3, 4: 546; 02. (38) Jolibois, 34, 152: 1767; 11. ( 3 )
Jones, Langmuir, Dushman and Mackay, O. The General Electric Co.,
Schenectady, N. Y.
( 4 0 ) Jonker, 93, 62: 89; 09. ( 41 ) Kahlbaum, 7, 13: 14; 94. ( 42 ) Killian,
2,27: 578; 26. ( 43 ) Knudsen, 8, 29:179; 09. ( 44 ) Knudsen, 8, 32: 809; 10.
( 45 ) Kohn, 96, 3: 143; 20. ( 4 *) Kohn andGuckel, 96, 27: 305;24. ( 4 ^)
Krafft and Knocke, 25, 42: 202; 09. t 4 *) Krner, 8, 40: 438; 13. ( 4 )
Laby, 3, 16: 789; 08.
( 50 ) Ladenburg and Minkowski, 96, 6: 153; 21. ( 51 ) Langmuir, 2t 2: 329; 13.
( 52 ) Langmuir and Kingdon, o, 107: 61; 25. ( 53 ) Langmuir and Mackay,
2, 4: 377; 14. (54) van Liempt, 93, 114: 105; 20. ( 5S ) van Liempt, 93,
115: 218; 20. ( 5 6) van Liempt, 176, 21: 517; 24. (57) van Liempt, 218,
12: 578; 24. ( 5 ) Mack, Osterhof and Kraner, l, 45: 617; 23. ( 5 ^) Maier,
l, 48: 356; 26.

(O) Menzies, 1, 41: 1783; 19. (61) Morley, 3, 7: 662; 04. (62) pfaundler, B,
63: 36; 97. (63) Piersol, 2, 23: 785; 25. (64) Pilling, 2,18: 362; 21. (65)
Poindexter, 2, 26: 859; 25. (66) Preuner and Brockmller, 7, 81:129; 12.
(67) Ramsay and Young, 4, 49: 37; 86. (68) Rassow, 93, 114: 117; 20;
() Rishkevich, 9, 31: 54; 25.
( 70 ) Rodebush and DeVries, I1 47: 2488; 25. (" ) Rodebush and Dixon, 1, 47 :
1036; 25. ^72) Rodebush and Dixon, IB1 26: 851; 25. (73) R u ff and Bergdahl, 93, 106: 76; 19. ( 7 4 ) Ruff and Bormann, 93, 88: 365; 14. () Ruff
and Bormann, 93, 88: 386; 14. (76) Ruff and Bormann, 93, 88: 397; 14.
(77) Ruff and Hartmann, 93, 133: 29; 24. (78) R u ff and Johannsen, 25,
38: 3601 ; 05. ( 7 ) Ruff and Josephy, 93,103:17 ; 26.

(80) Ruff and Keilig, 93, 88: 410; 14. C*1) Ruff and Mugdan, 93, 117: 147; 21.
(82) Scott, 3, 47: 32; 24. (83) Smith and Menzies, 1, 32: 1434; 10. (84)
Thiel and Ritter, 93, 132: 125; 23. ( s ) Tiede and Birnbruer, 93, 87: 129;
14. (86) Villiers, 6, 30: 588; 13. (87) Volmer and Estermann, 96, 7: 1;
21. (88) yon Wartenberg, 93, 56: 320; 07. (89) VOn Wartenber?, 93, 79:
71; 12.
( 9 O) von Wartenberg, 9, 19: 482; 13. (91) von Wartenberg, 9, 20: 443; 14.
(92) Wertenstein and Jedrzejewski, 34, 177: 316; 23. ( 93 ) Worthing, 2, 28:
190; 26. (94) Young, 4, 59: 629; 9I1, (**\ Zwikker, 208, 5: 249; 25. (96)

Ruff and Konschak, 9, 32: 515; 26.

VAPOR PRESSURE OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN THE CRYSTALLINE STATE


A. C. EGERTON AND W. EDMONDSON
This section covers the pressure-temperature relations for
systems composed of a single crystalline phase in contact with its
own vapor. In the case of substances which dissociate on vaporization the value given is the total pressure. The literature references given first are to data to which most weight has been given.

^y
^2

-TABLE, STANDARD ARRANGEMENT (v. p. viii)


.
-0.05223A , _
logio Pmm =

Kev
y
N

Formula

Tf

Range, 0C

Lit.

H2O
HCl*

v. p. 210
-158to-110
1958s

8.443o .( 32 < 5 ); cf.

HBrf

-114 t o - 86

8.734

(20, 52)

22 42o

(29, 52, 93) ;

PH4Br

cf.

(20)

HIJ

- 97 to - 51

24 16o

8.259

PH4I

(29, 52, 93) ; c/.


(92)

As2O3

- 95 to - 75 3582?
4 crystalline forms
- l l O t o - 831 20 69o

SeO2

N2O
NO

t, 0C
I p, mm
72.0
13.43
112.5
21.28
180.9
39.00
213.5
50.12
236.9
66.07
109.6
259.9
289.2
316.2
319.9
849.0
317.0
760.0
-78.11
82.5
-70.27
157.3
-70.15
158.1
25 to 56
82 4Oo
t, 0C
I p, mm
^6O
34
-50
79
-45.4
102
-144 to -90
2359o
-200 to -161 16423

9.579
10.048

(13, 14)
(2, 30) ; c/. (57,

N2O4U

-100 to -40

55160

13.400

(23); c/. (76)

-4OtO-

45440

11.214

(76); c/. (27, 74)

N2O6
NH3f

- 3 0 t o + 30
-127 t o - 78

57 18o
3121i

12.647 (17, 75)


9.9974 (is, 45, 53, 88) ; c/.

H2Se
H2SeO4
10

10.59Ie ( 1 3 1 4 ); cf. (2)


( 50 )
7.880 ( 5 2) ; c/. (93)

SO2
SOa
H2S

TeH2

16

CO

CO2U

p - 55.0 mm at -68.6
100 to 400 83 486
t, C

NH4Br
NHJft
NH4HS

Lit.

111350

12.127

CCl4
14.130 (38)
(CN) 2
NH 4 CN
NH 2 COaNH 4
(NH 4 J 2 CO 3

(")

(io)
10.0164 (*<>, 41, 67, ss, se,

CNCl

CNBr

(59, 84) ; c/. ( 9 4 )

9.9404(41,85)
10.27Oo (41,85)
10.75oo (35, 109)

Cf.

(33,

107, l i e )

(-183 to -135)
-70to -50 I 34 608
8.05
(57)
-36.53 at 3.52 mm
-27.19 at 6.17 mm
.
(68)
-72 to -28
32437
9.6539 (63, ios)
7 to 17
4148*
9.97s (36)
Data conflicting
(9, 37)
j
(8)
t, 0C
I p, mm
-32.69
58.6
(68)
-30.65
60.1
-24.7
101.71
-11.41
250.67
-17 to +35
47 05i 10.32s ( 5 )

For other C-compounds, see the <T-table, p. 208


~~8

SiCl4
SiH3Cl

(67)

""

logio p - -127y62 + 0.00683sT + 8.307l

C 1 *)

I p, mm

3 3 8 . 0 7 6 0
427
4 560
459
8 360
490
15 200
520
26 220
250 to 400
90208
760 mm at 394.2
300 to 400 I 95 730
760 mm at 403.5
6 to 40 I 46 02s
760 mm at 32.7

83, 9 6 ) ;

87); c/. (34, 66)


0

P = 760.0 at -78.52

(7, 13, 14, 57)

NOCI
NH4Cl**

I A, joule j

355.8 at 760.0 mm
50.3 at 1.1 mm
(54)
59.9 at 3.4 mm
91 to 213 I
13 12s
2.681 (54)
t, 0G
I p, mm
-220.6
4
(24,33,60)
-209.1
50
-205.70
111.33
0.04
-135 to-56.7 26179.8 9.9082 (31, 32, 47, 62,

BiCh

61)
10

100 tO 310

SbCl3

(3)

Range, 0C

t, 0C
I p, min
""
156.1
562.3
(S)
143.6
354.8
266.1
136.7
122.2
133.4
101.4
37.58
-78.2
10.0
(102)
-63.0
39.81
-41.1
251.2
-26.8
760.0
-23.1
1 OOO.o
+ 0.9
5 623.0
29.9
38 900.0
-80 to +40 48 IU
10.956i (43)
760 mm at 38.1
10 to 60
I 51854 10.950o(43,85)
760 mm at 62.5

PCl0

PH4Cl

~ +B

A, joule

Formula

SiH3Br
SnCl4
PbCl2

1.0 mm at -70
t, 0C
I p, mm
-125.3
OTo
-119.0
1.0
-94.0
2.5
-52 to -38
46 74o
0
t, C
I p, mm
400
0.00174
425
.0058
450
.0178
475
.051

' (ioo)
(99)
(98)
9.824 (57)
(22)

'

^y
_

Formula
_

HgF2
Hg2Cl2

HgCl2
HgBr2
HgI2
HgS
31

CuO
CuCl2

Ag2O
AuCl3

OsO4
FeCl2
FeCl3

Range, 0C
0

t, C

A, joule

Kev
N *

Lit.

I p, n m ~ ( T T )

850
2.0
917
4.0
968
10.5
995
17.0
Data unreliable
(7M
0
t, C
I p, mm
(*)
90
0.004
I
100
0.0089
110
0.011
120
0.016 S
130
0.0227 S
140
0.038
150
0.07
160
0.15
170
0.27
180
0.45
60 to 130
8503o 10.888 (*2 95 ); c/. (3)
130 to 270
78 85o 10.094
111 to 235
79 800 10.181 (42, 9S ); c/. (3)
100 to 250
82340 10.057 ( 4 2 9 5 ); cf. ( 3 1 J > )
760 mm at 580
(2)
0
t, C
I p, mm
600
1.34X10-7
(55)
800
1.15X10-4
950
6.8 XIO-
487.6
223.9
(54)
470.5
128.8
407.2
22.39
335.2
5.0
318.6
3.55
1 435
3.4
(UO)
1 316
0.46
100
7.0
(4)
138.5
11.0
181
61.2
202
154.5
229
424.2
251
808.7
-38 to 40.1
56 5oo 10.7100 C 1 1 1 )
700 to 930
135 200 8.33
(54)
t, 0C
I
p, mm
245.0
19.95
(54)
256.0
35.48
292.3
316.2

49

Range, 0C

Formula
Co2(CO)8
UF6
NbF5

82

A, joule

Lit.

15
0.072 mm
(*)
O to 69
41 73o
9.521 (72)
t, 0C
I p, mm
184.5
303.1
(73)
191.6
329.7
194.5
358.9
-50
0.7
(")
TJ. Vol. IV, p. 84
O t o 40
53 184 10.172 0)
70 to 190
l l S o o o 16.24 ( 5 *)
2.4 mm at 746.9
(54)

BBr3
BN
B(CHa) 3 NH 3 H
AlCl3
NaCl

* Over the range 150 to -1140C, Karwat gives the equation:


log p = -

^y62 - 2.3577 log T -f 14.57497,

the coefficient of log T being obtained from specific heat measurements at low
temperatures.
t Henglein gives the equation:
'os, = -P^ +7.5030.
over the range of his measurements from 130 to -950C.
Henglein gives the equation:
log p = - ^ 10496 + 7.5030
The results when plotted give an unusual curve.
II For amount of dissociation see ( 76 ).
1790 OO
1 Karwat gives the equation: log p =
~
1.81630 log T + 14.97593,
the coefficient of log T being obtained from specific heat measurements at low
temperatures.
** Smith and Calvert give the equation:
log p = -

192

^;357 -f 9.778609 log T - 21.21708.

f t Smith and Calvert give the equation:


log p = -

771

y591 + 10.04345 log T + 42.69560.

Over the range 110 to -8O0C Henning, to express his experimental


results, gives the equation:
1279 11
log p =
~
f- 1.75 log T - 0.00207575T + 5.85242.
The simpler equation:
log p - - ^^- + 9.8318
expresses his experimental results closely.
The vapor is strongly dissociated.

(T-TABLE
-0.05223A , _
lOgio Pmm =

Formula |
Name
CPL1
Methane*.
C2H2
Acetylene
C2H2O4 Oxalic acid
C2H4O2 Acetic acid
C6H4BrCl p-Bromochlorobenzene
C6H4Cl2 p-Dichlorobenzene
C6H6
Benzene
C 6 Hi 2
Cyclohexane
C7H6O2 Benzoic acid
Ci0H8
Naphthalene
Ci0Hi6O Camphor
Ci4H8O2 Anthraquinone
Ci 4 Hi 0
Anthracene

,.

rf,

h B

Range, 0C
|
A
|
-194 to -184
9 896.2
-140 to -82
21914
55 to 105
90502.6
-35 to 10
41 689
23 to 63
69 75s
30 to 50
72 21s
-58 to -30
42 904
-30 to +5
44 222
0.018 mm at -77.5
-5 to +5
37394
60 to 110
63 82o
O to 80
71 401
O to 180
53 559
224 to 286
110 04o
100 to 160
70 39o

* Using specific heats at low temperatures, for log T coefficient, Karwat gives:
- 554.518
logio Pmm =
if
1.0831 logic T + 10.1840

B
7.6509
8.933
12.2229
8.502
11.629
12.48o
9.556
9.846
8.594
9.033
11.450
8.799
12.305
8.706

Lit.
(16, 32, 45); c/. (33, ei)
(13); c/. ( 106 )
( 11 Z)
(57, 79, 113, H4) ; c/. (49)
(^ 1 )
( 91 ); cf. (46, 48)
(25, 57); cf, (4, 68, H4)

(11S)
(59)
(i 4, 78, 104); c/. (70, 90)
( 1 ^ 65, 94, 105); ^ (is, 59)
(58,94)
(59)

VALUES OF p AND t
CH2O2, Formic acid (44)
tt 0C
p, mm
1
8.8
2
9.7
3
10.6
4
11.6
5
12.8
6
14.1
7
15.5
8
17.4
C2H4Br2, Ethylene bromide*
(M. R, 9.55) (69)
-28.21
1.51
-23.16
1.90
-12.30
2.65
- 7.18
3.24
O
3.47
4- 5.62
5.53
6.54
6.16

C6H4Br2, p-Dibromobenzene

LITERATURE

(46,48,91)

(For a key to the periodicals see end of volume)

t, 0C
84.0
69.4
52.8
32.8
21.0

C6H4N2O5, 2, 4-Dinitrophenol
(8l)

100

213.3

^ 312

202.4
186.6

187
108

C4Hi2IN, Tetramethylammnium iodide (8S)


306.2
781
303.0
698
295.8
547
287.4
421
276.6
298
260.6
166
242.6
83
C6H3N3O7, Picric acid ()
100.4
I 0.00249

0.228

C6H6N2O2, p-Nitroaniline (82)


100
0.0136
C6H6O2, Hydroquinol (9*)
155.0
5.9
157.6
7.1
164.3
1.0
C7H5ClO2, Chlorobenzoic acid
(80)

* M. P. of pure C2HjBr2, 7.7.

C2H9NS, NH3(C2H6)HS (109)


5.0
33
13.4
55
17.0
73
23.2
109
31.4
183
35.0
228
37.2
264
40.5
322
C3H4, Allylene (51)
-110
I
Io
C3H4, Aliene (")
-146
I
Io
C3H6O, Acetone (21)
-94.8
I 0.017
C3H6O2, Methyl acetate (39)
-135
I 0.00354
C4H10O, Ethyl ether (21)
-119.8
0.0027
-117.3
0.0065
C4H12ClN, Tetramethylammonium chloride (85)
231.5
690
227.1
567
222.5
430

p, mm
7.586
2.63
0.660?
.0794
I .0158

omp-

100
100.63
100

0.1803
.197
.045

C7H5NO4, p-Nitrobenzoie acid


(80)

100

0.0096

C7H6O3, Hydroxybenzoic acid


(80)

o100
0.397
w101.06
.00149
p100.91
.00030
C8H8N2O3, Nitroacetanilide
(82)

m100
0.0042
p100
.0021
C8H8O2, p-Toluic acid (*0)
100
| 0.216
C8H8O3J Hydroxytoluic acid

(80)

0-3
100
0.235
0-4
100
.121
0-5
100
.182
w-4 100
.0176
p-3
100.17
.00072
C10H18O, Borneol (l 05)
154.3
I 114.8
129.1
38.9
107.1
12.88
90.5
5.012
79.0
2.455
C13Hi0O, Benzophenone (108)
O
2.03X10-5
8
6.94X10-S
26
6.859 XlO-*
7.614X10-4
32
1.418X10-3
40
3.198X10-3
3.933XIQ"8

C 1 ) Allen, 4, 77: 400, 413; 00. ( 2 ) Allen and Crenshaw, 93, 79:125; 12. 12,
34: 341; 12. ( 3 ) Arctowski, 93, 12: 413; 96. ( 4 ) Barker, 7, 71: 235; 10.
(5) Baxter, Bezzenberger and Wilson, I1 42: 1386; 20. ( 6 ) Bergstrom, 50,
26: 358; 22. ( 7 ) Brill, S1 21: 170; 06. ( 8 ) Briner, 34, 142: 1416; 06. ()
Briner, 42, 4: 276; 06.
( 1 O) Briner and Pylkoff, 42, 10: 640; 12. () Bruylants, 186, 1920: 472. ()
Bruylants and Dondeyne, 186, 8: 387; 22. ( 13 ) Burrell and Robertson, 30,
No. 142; 15. ( 14 ) Burrell and Robertson, 1, 37: 2691; 15. ( l s ) Cragoe,
Meyers and Taylor, 1, 42: 206; 20. () Crommelin, 64V, 21: 684; 12. ( 17 )
Daniels and Bright, 1, 42: 1131; 20. ( 18 ) Datin, 6, 5: 218; 16. ( 19 ) Ditte,
34, 140: 1162; 05.
(20) Drozdowski and Pietrzak, 165, 1913: 219. ( 21 ) Drucker, Jimno and
Kangro, 7, 90: 513; 15. ( 2 2 ) Eastman and Duschak, 80, No. 220; 19. ( 23 )
Egerton, 4, 105: 647; 14. ( 2 4 > Estreicher and Bobotek, 165, 1913: 451.
( 2 S) Ferche, 8, 44: 265; 91. ( 26 ) Goldschmidt, 96, 20: 159; 23. ( 2 ?) Guye
and Drouginine, 42, 8: 473; 10. ( 2 ) Ham, Churchill and Ryder, 143,
186: 15; 18. ( 2 9 ) Henglein, 96, 18: 64; 23.
(30) Henglein and Krger, 93,130: 181 ; 23. (^) Henning, 8, 43: 282; 14. (32)
Henning and Stock, 96, 4: 226; 21. (33) Homfray, 7, 74: 129; 10. (34)
Horstman, 25, 2: 137; 69. ( 3 S) Isambert, 34, 92: 919; 81. (36) Isambert,
34, 94: 958; 82. ( 3 7) Isambert, 34, 102: 1313; 86. (3*) Jannek and Meyer,
93, 83: 51; 13. ( 3 ) Jimno Gii, 132, 12: 469; 14.
( 4 O) Johnson, 7, 61: 457; 08. (41) Johnson, 7, 65: 36; 09. ( 42 ) Johnson, 1, 33:
777; 11. C 43 ) Johnson, 1, 34: 877; 12. ( 4 4 ) Kahlbaum, 7, 13: 14; 94. ( 4S )
Karwat, 7, 112: 486; 24. () Kruyt, 7, 79: 657; 12. ( 4 ?) Kuenen and
Robson, 3, 3:149; 02. ( 4 ) Kster, 7, 51: 222; 05. () Landoli, 13 SuppL,
6: 129; 68.
(SO) Le Blanc and Rhle, 221, 74: 106; 22. () Lespieau, 6, 27: 137; 12. (52)
Maass and Mclntosh, 69, 8 IV : 65; 14. ( 53 ) McKelvy and Taylor, SlA, 18 :
655; 23. ( 54 ) Maier, 30, No. 360; 25. ( 5S ) Mack, Osterhof and Kraner,
1,45: 617; 23. ( 56 ) Mond, Hirtz and Cowap, 4, 97: 798; 10. ( 5 7) Mndel,
7, 85: 435; 13. ( 58 ) Nelson and Senseman, 45, 14: 58; 22. (*) Niederschulte, Diss., Erlangen, 1903.
(0) OIszewski, 34, 99: 706; 84. (*') Olszewski, 34, 100: 940; 85. ( 2 ) Onnes
and Weber, 6J1P, 16: 215; 13. ( 63 ) Perry and Bardwell, 1, 47:2629; 25.
( 64 ) Petit, 27, 37: 615; 25. ( 6S ) Ramsay and Young, 62,175:37; 84. ()
Ramsay and Young, 62, 177: 71; 87. (7) Rassow, 93, 114: 117; 20. (*)
Regnault, 161, 26: 339; 62. ( 9 ) Regnault, 161, 26: 462; 62.
(70) Rolla, 59, 19: 318; 10. 22, 18 H: 365; 09. (^ 1 ) Ruff and Bahlau, 25, 51 :
1752; 18. (72) Ruff and Heinzelmann, 93, 72: 63; 11. (73) Ruff and
Schiller, 93, 72:329; 11. (7 4 ) Russ, 7, 82: 217; 13. (75) Russand Pokorny,
67, 34: 1027; 13. ( 7 6 ) Scheffer and Treub, 7, 81: 308; 12. (77) Schenk and
Albers, 93, 105: 145; 18. ( 7 ) Schlumberger, 397, 55: 1257; 12. (79)
Schmidt, 7, 7:433; 91.
(8) Sidgwick, 4, 117: 396; 20. (81) Sidgwick and Aldous, 4, 119: 1001; 21.
( 82 ) Sidgwick and Rubie, 4, 119: 1013; 21. (3) Siemens, 8, 42: 871; 13.
( 8 4 ) Smellie, 54, 42: 466T; 23. (*5) Smith and Calvert, 1, 36: 1363; 14.
() Smith and Lombard, 1, 37: 38; 15. ( 8 7) Smith and Menzies, 1, 32:
1448; 10. ( 88 ) Smits and Postma, 64P, 17:182; 14. () SmitsandSchoenmaker, 4, 1926: 1108.
(90) Speranski, 7, 46: 70; 03. (") Speranski, 7, 51: 45; 05. (92) Steele and
Bagster, 4, 97: 2607; 10. ( 93 ) Steele, Mclntosh and Archibald, 7, 56: 129;
06. ( 94 ) Stelzner, Diss., Erlangen, 1901. ( 5 ) Stelzner and Niederschulte,
88, 7: 159; 05. () Stock, Henning and Kuss, 25, 54: 1119; 21. (7)
Stock and Kuss, 25, 47: 3113; 14. ( 98 ) Stock and Somieski, 25, 50: 1739;
17. (") Stock and Somieski, 25, 52: 695; 19.
( 00) Stock, Somieski and Wintgen, 25, 50: 1754; 17. ( 1 Oi) Stock and Zeidler,
25, 54: 531; 21. ( 1 O 2 ) Tammann, B57, p. 289. ( 103 ) Terwen, 7, 91: 469;
16. (*04) Thomas, 54, 35: 506; 16. ( 1 OS) Vanstone, 4, 97: 429; 10. (1O*)
Villard, &$, 120:1262; 95. ( 1 O?) VillardandJarry,S4, 120:1413;95. (!)
Volmer and Kirchhoff, 7, 115: 233; 25. ( 1 OS) Walker and Lumsden, 4, 71:
428; 97.
(11O) von Wartenberg, 9, 19: 489; 13. t111) von Wartenberg, 13, 440: 97; 24.
(112) Wobbe and Noyes, l, 48: 2856; 26. (113) Young, 4, 59: 903; 91.
(114) Young, 117, 12: 374; 10. ( 11S ) Young and Fortey, 4, 75: 873; 99.
(il) Zeleny and Smith, 63, 7: 667; 06.

THE VAPOR PRESSURES OF ICE AND WATER UP TO 10O0C


E. W. WASHBURN
In the following tables, the
values given are the vapor
pressures for the condition
that the solid or liquid phase is
under its own vapor pressure.
If the solid or liquid phase is
in contact with the atmosphere,
the corresponding vapor pressures will be somewhat higher,
and can be obtained by adding
to the value given in the table
a small increment, Ap, computed by means of the following
equations :

Dans les tables suivantes,


les valeurs donnes sont les
tensions de vapeur dans la
condition de la phase solide
ou liquide se trouvant sous la
pression de sa propre vapeur.
Si la phase liquide ou la phase
solide se trouve en contact
avec l'atmosphre, les tensions
de vapeur correspondantes seront un peu plus leves, et elles
peuvent tre obtenues en additionnant aux valeurs donnes
dans les tables un petit accroissement, Ap, calcul au moyen
des quations suivantes:

Die in den folgenden Tafeln


angegebenen Werte fr die
Dampfdrucke gelten fr den
Zustand, dass die feste oder
flssige Phase unter dem eigenen Dampfdruck steht. Ist
die feste oder flssige Phase mit
der Atmosphre in Verbindung,
so werden die entsprechenden
Dampf drucke etwas hher sein.
Man erhlt sie, wenn man zu
dem in der Tafel angegebenen
Wert das Inkrement Ap addiert,
das sich nach den Gleichungen
berechnen lsst:

Nelle tabelle seguenti le tensioni riportate sono quelle del


solido o del liquido a contatto col
solo vapore proprio. Quando
il solido o il liquido si trovano
in contatto con l'atmosfera, le
tensioni di vapore corrispondenti
sono un po'pi alte e si possono avere aggiungendo al valore
della tabella, un incremento Ap,
calcolato per mezzo della seguente equazione:

For ice and for water below O0C:


IQOAp _

20

p~~ ~ t +273

For water above O C :


100 = 0.0775 - 3.13 X 10~4J (valid up to t = 4O0C)
and

100 = 0.0652 - 8.75 X 10~5p (valid above 5O0C)


THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF ICE
Computed from the equation
944.K ^fVtfi
logioP = _f^i^^ + 8 2312 1Og10T1 - 0.01677006^ + 1.20514 X IQ-5T2 - 6.757169, mm Hg
Based upon the measurements of Weber (2) and Scheel and Heuse (*); see Washburn (3).
T = 273.1 + t
-90 to -30; unit, 0.001 mm Hg
J9 0C
j
O
I
1
I
2
3
I
4
I
5
6
I
7
I
8
I
-90
0.07o
0.05s
0.04s
0.04o
0.03s
0.02?
0.02 2
0.01s
0.01s
-80
0.40
0.34
0.29
0.24
0.20
0.17
0.14
0.12
0.10
-70
1.94
1.67
1.43
1.23
1.05
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.56
-60
8.0s
7.03
6.14
5.34
4.64
4.0s
3.4g
3.02
2.61
-50
29.55
26.1
23.0
20.3
17.8
15.7
13.8
12.1
10.6
-40
96.6
86.2
76.8
68.4
60.9
54.1
48.1
42.6
37.8
-30
285.9
257.5
231.8
208.4
187.3
168.1
150.7
135.1
120.9
-30 to 0; mm Hg
t, 0C
I 0.0
I 0.3
0.2
I 0.3
I 0.4
|
0.5
| 0.6
[ 0.7
|
0.8
|
-29
0.317
0.314
0.311
0.307
0.304
0.301
0.298
0.295
0.292
-28
0.351
0.348
0.344
0.341
0.337
O 334
0.330
0.327
0.324
-27
0.389
0.385
0.381
0.377
0.374
0.370
0.366
0.362
0.359
-26
0.430
0.426
0.422
0.418
0.414
0.409
0.405
0.401
0.397
-25
0.476
0.471
0.467
0.462
0.457
0.453
0.448
0.444
0.439

9
0.012
0.084
0.47
2.25
9.2s
33.4
108.1
0.9
0.289
0.320
0.355
0.393
0.435

-24
-23
-22
-21
-20

0.526
0.580
0.640
0.705
0.776

0.520
0.574
0.633
0.698
0.769

0.515
0.569
0.627
0.691
0.761

0.510
0.563
0.621
0.685
0.754

0.505
0.558
0.615
0.678
0.747

0.500
0.552
0.609
0.672
0.740

0.495
0.547
0.603
0.665
0.733

0.490
0.541
0.597
0.659
0.726

0.486
0.536
0.592
0.652
0.719

0.481
0.531
0.586
0.646
0.712

-19
-18
-17
-16
-15

0.854
0.939
1.031
1.132
1.241

0.846
0.930
1.021
1.121
1.230

0.838
0.921.
1.012
1.111
1.219

0.830
0.912
1.002
1.101
1.208

0.822
0.904
0.993
1.091
1.196

0.814
0.895
0.984
1.080
1.186

0.806
0.887
0.975
1.070
1.175

0.799
0.879
0.966
1.060
1.164

0.791
0.870
0.956
1.051
1.153

0.783
0.862
0.947
1.041
1.142

0.0
I
1.361
1.490
1.632
1.785
1.950

0.1
1.348
1.477
1.617
1.769
1.934

0.2
1.336
1.464
1.602
1.753
1.916

-30 to 0; mm
0.3
I
1.324
1.450
1.588
1.737
1.899

-9
-8
-7
-6
-5

2.131
2.326
2.537
2.765
3.013

2.112
2.306
2.515
2.742
2.987

2.093
2.285
2.493
2.718
2.962

-4
-3
-2
-1
-Q

3.280
3.568
3.880
4.217
4.579

3.252
3.539
3.848
4.182
4.542

3.225
3.509
3.816
4.147
4.504

I10G
-14
-13
-12
-11
-10

Hg.-(Continued)
0.4
|
0.5
1.312
1.300
1.437
1.424
1.574
1.559
1.722
1.707
1.883
1.866

0.6
[
1.288
1.411
1.546
1.691
1.849

0.7
|
1.276
1.399
1.532
1.676
1.833

0.8
|
1.264
1.386
1.518
1.661
1.817

0.9
1.253
1.373
1.504
1.646
1.800

2.075
2.266
2.472
2.695
2.937

2.057
2.246
2.450
2.672
2.912

2.039
2.226
2.429
2.649
2.887

2.021
2.207
2.408
2.626
2.862

2.003
2.187
2.387
2.603
2.838

1.985
2.168
2.367
2.581
2.813

1.968
2.149
2.346
2.559
2.790

3.198
3.480
3.785
4.113
4.467

3.171
3.451
3.753
4.079
4.431

3.144
3.422
3.722
4.045
4.395

3,117
3.393
3.691
4.012
4.359

3.091
3.364
3.660
3.979
4.323

3.065
3.336
3.630
3.946
4.287

3.039
3.308
3.599
3.913
4.252

THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF LIQUID WATER FROM 16 TO O0C (IN MM HG)


Computed from the above table with the aid of the thermodynamic equation
logio^ = 2~3'\4^9* - 1.330 X 10-5*2 + 9.084 X 10^ (3)

t, 0C
-15
-14
-13
-12
-11

0.0
I
1.436
1.560
1.691
1.834
1.987

0.1
I
1.425
1.547
1.678
1.819
1.971

0.2
I
1.414
1.534
1.665
1.804
1.955

0.3
I
1.402
1.522
1.651
1.790
1.939

0.4
I
1.390
1.511
1.637
1.776
1.924

0.5
|
1.379
1.497
1.624
1.761
1.909

0.6
|
1.368
1.485
1.611
1.748
1.893

0.7
|
1.356
1.472
1.599
1.734
1.878

0.8
|
1.345
1.460
1.585
1.720
1.863

0.9
1.334
1.449
1.572
1.705
1.848

-10
-9
-8
-7
-6

2.149
2.326
2.514
2.715
2.931

2.134
2.307
2.495
2.695
2.909

2.116
2.289
2.475
2.674
2.887

2.099
2.271
2.456
2.654
2.866

2.084
2.254
2.437
2.633
2.843

2.067
2.236
2.418
2.613
2.822

2.050
2.219
2.399
2.593
2.800

2.034
2.201
2.380
2.572
2.778

2.018
2.184
2.362
2.553
2.757

2.001
2.167
2.343
2.533
2.736

-5
-4
-3
-2
-1

3.163
3.410
3.673
3.956
4.258

3.139
3.384
3.647
3.927
4.227

3.115
3.359
3.620
3.898
4.196

3.092
3.334
3.593
3.871
4.165

3.069
3.309
3.567
3.841
4.135

3.046
3.284
3.540
3.813
4.105

3.022
3.259
3.514
3.785
4.075

3.000
3.235
3.487
3.757
4.045

2.976
3.211
3.461
3.730
4.016

2.955
3.187
3.436
3.702
3.986

-O

4.579

4.546
4.513
4.480
4.448
4.416
4.385
4.353
4.320
4.289
THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF LIQUID WATER FROM O0C TO 10O0C (IN MM HG)
From the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt " Wrmetabellen," Holborn, Scheel and Henning, Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig,
1909. By permission
t, 0C
| 0.0 | 0.1
0.2
0.3 | 0.4 | 0.5 | 0.6 | 0.7 | 0.8 | 0.9
0
4.579
4.613
4.647 | 4.681
4.715
4.750
4.785
4.820
4.855
4.890
1
4.926
4.962
4.998
5.034
5.070
5.107
5.144
5.181
5.219
5.256
2
5.294
5.332
5.370
5.408
5.447
5.486
5.525
5.565
5.605
5.645
3
5.685
5.725
5.766
5.807
5.848
5.889
5.931
5.973
6.015
6.058
4
6.101
6.144
6.187
6.230
6.274
6.318
6.363
6.408
6.453
6.498
5
6
7
8
9

6.543
7.013
7.513
8.045
8.609

6.589
7.062
7.565
8.100
8.668

6.635
7.111
7.617
8.155
8.727

6.681
7.160
7.669
8.211
8.786

6.728
7.209
7.722
8.267
8.845

6.775
7.259
7.775
8.323
8.905

6.822
7.309
7.828
8.380
8.965

6.869
7.360
7.882
8.437
9.025

6.917
7.411
7.936
8.494
9.086

6.965
7.462
7.990
8.551
9.147

10
11
12
13
14

9.209
9.844
10.518
11.231
11.987

9.271
9.910
10.588
11.305
12.065

9.333
9.976
10.658
11.379
12.144

9.395
10.042
10.728
11.453
12.223

9.458
10.109
10.799
11.528
12.302

9.521
10.176
10.870
11.604
12.382

9.585
10.244
10.941
11.680
12.462

9.649
10.312
11.013
11.756
12.543

9.714
10.380
11.085
11.833
12.624

9.779
10.449
11.158
11.910
12.706

t,C
15
16
17
18
19

THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF LIQUID WATER FROM O0C TO 10O0C (IN MM


I 0.0
0.1 I 0.2 I 0.3
0.4
0.5 |
12.788
12.870 12.953
13.037
13.121
13.205
13.634
13.721
13.809
13.898
13.987
14.076
14.530
14.622 14.715
14.809
14.903
14.997
15.477
15.575
15.673
15.772
15.871
15.971
16.477
16.581
16.685
16.789
16.894
16.999

HG).(Continued]
0.6 | 0.7 |
13.290
13.375
14.166
14.256
15.092
15.188
16.071
16.171
17.105
17.212

0.8 |
13.461
14.347
15.284
16.272
17.319

0.9
13.547
14.438
15.380
16.374
17.427

20
21
22
23
24

17.535
18.650
19.827
21.068
22.377

17.644
18.765
19.948
21.196
22.512

17.753
18.880
20.070
21.324
22.648

17.863
18.996
20.193
21.453
22.785

17.974
19.113
20.316
21.583
22.922

18.085
19.231
20.440
21.714
23.060

18.197
19.349
20.565
21.845
23.198

18.309
19.468
20.690
21.977
23.337

18.422
19.587
20.815
22.110
23.476

18.536
19.707
20.941
22.243
23.616

25
26
27
28
29

23.756
25.209
26.739
28.349
30.043

23.897
25.359
26.897
28,514
30.217

24.039
25.509
27.055
28.680
30.392

24.182
25.660
27.214
28.847
30.568

24.326
25.812
27.374
29.015
30.745

24.471
25.964
27.535
29.184
30.923

24.617
26.117
27.696
29.354
31.102

24.764
26.271
27.858
29.525
31.281

24.912
26.426
28.021
29.697
31.461

25.060
26.582
28.185
29.870
31.642

30
31
32
33
34

31.824
33.695
35.663
37.729
39.898

32.007
33.888
35.865
37.942
40.121

32.191
34.082
36.068
38.155
40.344

32.376
34.276
36.272
38.369
40.569

32.561
34.471
36.477
38.584
40.796

32.747
34.667
36.683
38.801
41.023

32.934
34.864
36.891
39.018
41.251

33.122
35.062
37.099
39.237
41.480

33.312
35.261
37.308
39.457
41.710

33.503
35.462
37.518
39.6772
41.94

35
36
37
38
39

42.175
44.563
47.067
49.692
52.442

42.409
44.808
47.324
49.961
52.725

42.644
45.054
47.582
50.231
53.009

42.880
45.301
47.841
50.502
53.294

43.117
45.549
48.102
50.774
53.580

43.355
45.799
48.364
51.048
53.867

43.595
46.050
48.627
51.323
54.156

43.836
46.302
48.891
51.600
54.446

44.078
46.556
49.157
51.879
54.737

44.320
46.811
49.424
52.160
55.030

40
41
42
43
44

55.324
58.34
61.50
64.80
68.26

55.61
58.65
61.82
65.14
68.61

55.91
58.96
62.14
65.48
68.97

56.21
59.27
62.47
65.82
69.33

56.51
59.58
62.80
66.16
69.69

56.81
59.90
63.13
66.51
70.05

57.11
60.22
63.46
66.86
70.41

57.41
60.54
63.79
67.21
70.77

57.72
60.86
64.12
67.56
71.14

58.03
61.18
64.46
67.91
71.51

45
46
47
48
49

71.88
75.65
79.60
83.71
88.02

72.25
76.04
80.00
84.13
88.46

72.62
76.43
80.41
84.56
88.90

72.99
76.82
80.82
84.99
89.34

73.36
77.21
81.23
85.42
89.79

73.74
77.60
81.64
85.85
90.24

74.12
78.00
82.05
86.28
90.69

74.50
78.40
82.46
86.71
91.14

74.88
78.80
82.87
87.14
91.59

75.26
79.20
83.29
87.58
92.05

50
60
70
80

92.51
149.38
233.7
355.1

97.20
156.43
243.9
369.7

102.09
163.77
254.6
384.9

107.20
171.38
265.7
400.6

112.51
179.31
277.2
416.8

118.04
187.54
289.1
433.6

123.80
196.09
301.4
450.9

129.82
204.96
314.1
468.7

136.08
214.17
327.3
487.1

142.60
223.73
341.0
506.1

90
91
92
93
94

525.76
546.05
566.99
588.60
610.90

527.76
548.11
569.12
590.80
613.17

529.77
550.18
571.26
593.00
615.44

531.78
552.26
573.40
595.21
617.72

533.80
554.35
575.55
597.43
620.01

535.82
556.44
577.71
599.66
622.31

537.86
558.53
579.87
601.89
624.61

539.90
560.64
582.04
604.13
626.92

541.95
562.75
584.22
606.38
629.24

544.00
564.87
586.41
608.64
631.57

95
96
97
98
99
100
101*

633.90
657.62
682.07
707.27
733.24
760.00
787.57

636.24
660.03
684.55
709.83
735.88
762.72
790.37

638.59
662.45
687.04
712.40
738.53
765.45
793.18

640.94
664.88
689.54
714.98
741.18
768.19
796.00

643.30
667.31
692.05
717.56
743.85
770.93
798.82

645.67
669.75
694.57
720.15
746.52
773.68
801.66

648.05
672.20
697.10
722.75
749.20
776.44
804.50

650.43
674.66
699.63
725.36
751.89
779.22
807.35

652.82
677.12
702.17
727.98
754.58
782.00
810.21

655.22
679.59
704.71
730.61
757.29
784.78
813.08

*For higher temperatures, D. p. 233.

LITERATURE
(For a key to the periodicals see end of volume)
() Scheel and Heuse, 16, 29: 731; 09. ( 2 ) Weber, 168, No. 150: 37; 15. (3) Washburn, 406, 52: 488; 24.

VAPOR PRESSURES OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN THE LIQUID STATE FOR PRESSURES UP TO TWO ATMOSPHERES
OTTO MAASS
In addition to the vapor-pressure data for the compounds given,
the -Table is a complete index to the vapor-pressure data for all
pure chemical compounds in the liquid state. The literature
references given first are those upon which the values given are
based; confirmatory references are marked cf.

-,
,
Formula
H 3 N...

-TABLE, STANDARD ARRANGEMENT (v. p. viii)


.
-0.05223A , .,
lOgio Pmm

'

**

The tables contain either the values of A and B in the above


equation (together with the range of applicability of the equation),
tabulated values of t and p, or both.
The values in the B. P. column are based on the best available
direct determinations of the boiling point. These values not
infrequently differ considerably from those interpolated from the
vapor-pressure data, a situation which can be cleared up only by
further research.
_
,
Formula

H2Q
H2Q2
HF
ClO2

77.

-T.
_
Range. 0C

A,
.^

T,
B

T. p. 210
10 to 90
-83 to +48
59 to -fll

48580
~ 25180
27260

8.853
7.37o
7.89s

Normal
Bfp^c

HBr
HI

-85.0

P, mm
168.5
226.2
329.8
503.4
640.8
17960
21580

SO2

^_
SQ3

-10.02

t, 0C
-70
-65
-60
-55
-50
-45
-40
-35
24 to 48

p, mm
19.9
30.0
42.8
61.8
86.7
119.6
162.3
217.1
43450

t, 0C
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
- 5
O

S2Ch
SOBr2
H2Se
H2SeO3
SeOCl2

H2Te
N2Q
NO
N2Qs
NaO4

t, C
-82
-78
-74
-70
O to 138

P1 mm
172
23s
339
432
35990

-60 to -26
70 to 110

2021 o
43ooo

SbBr3

SbI3

"(*)
-59.4

(32);

t, C
-66
-62
-58

p, mm
53s
660
83o

7.45s

(23)
l 85 )
(")
(27)
176.4 "(**)
p, mm
213.0
304.0
418.0
560.0

7.43i
S.lso

t, 0C
pt mm
t, 0C
85
22.0
135
95
37.4
145
105
58.9
155
115
94.4
165
125
114.0
TT
-46 to O
~ 227eo
7.26o
-90.Ito -88.7 16440
7.5s5~
T". -163.7 to -148
1304o
8.440
~
-25 to Q
39400 "10.so
-8 to +43.2
3343o
8.814

PCl3
As2O3
AsCl3
SbCl3

( 7 > 25, 3 7 )

p, mm
286.0
373.0
478.0
607.0
761.0
947.0
1164.0

10.022 ~

H2S

Lit.

( a a );c/. ( 6 3 , 6 4 )
( 3 2 ); cf. ( 6 3 )

7.42?
7.63o

cf. (63, 64)

QQ)
( 1 2 ); c/. (7* 4 6 )
(* 24)
(22)
(5, 56) ; c/. (45,
85.5)

_,
B

t, 0C
-77
-74
-71
-68
-65
-62
-59
-56
-53
-50
-61.5 to -"JIT
tt 0C

p, mm
47.8
60.5
76.7
94.7
117.1
143.8
175.5
212.7
256.3
307.0
25500
p, mm

*, 0C
-47
-44
-41
-38
-35
-32
-29
26
-23
-20
7.870
t, 0C

8
9.0
2o

70
80
90

PH 3

T.,

(25); Cf. ( 3 2 , 6 4 )

A,
.^

30
50
60 ^

(**)
(<*<>)
(29)

HCl

t, 0C
-108
-104
-100
- 96
- 88
-86 to -66~
-50 to -34

NOCI
P2O3

T-.
nx-i
Range. 0C

CO
CO2, v. p. 235
C3Q2
.TT
CCl4, see also
p. 215

CCl2O

-100 to +6
t, 0C
-20
O
+30
-15 to +22

60
15o
3Oo

p, mm
t, 0C
pt mm
29.8
-109
209.9
274.6
43.0
-105
61.3
-101
354.2
- 97 450.4
85.7
117.5
- 93 564.5
158.8
- 89 699.5
31860 ~~7.6si
73.5
52120
6.51s
39~ 7.95s~
~~49440
8.09o
p, mm
29
43
64
92
127
55Ooo
8.00s
p, mm
t, 0C
p, mm
42
210
111
59
220
148
82
230
195
64150
7.83i
p, mm
t, 0C
p, mm
23
295
80
35
310
115
53
325
166
6354
6.976

25460 ~7.640
p, mm
t, 0C
9.9
60
33.1
90
139.5
110
25390
7.59o

p, mm
1.6
3.5
7.1
14.0
26.2
46.5
78.8
127.8
19220
p, mm
l.s
13.0
73.0

tt 0C
+10
20
30
40
50
60
70

7.38s

( 2 5 ) ; Cf,

(64)

()
(ss)
(6)
(49)

(49)

(49)

Q 8 ); cf. ( 3 > 39)

6.3
(77)
p, mm ( 16 8 4 )
439.0
1112
1880
v. p.
(4M
215
46.25

/, 0C
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
O
-80 to -50
*, 0C
-130
-110
- 90

T.,
Lit.

-33.35 (13, 25) ; c/. (7,


p, mm
12,43)
365.5
432.9
510.8
598.6
699.1
812.9
941.3
1085.0
124?. o
1427.0
( 8 0 ); c/. ( 9 )
p, mm ( 5 7 )

-87.4

t, 0C
-133
-129
-125
-121
-117
-113
0-70
315 to 490
50 to 100
170 to 253
<, 0C
120
130
140
150
160
235 to 324
t, 0C
180
190
200
330 to 445
t, 0C
250
265
280
-290 to -206

CS2

COS

Normal
^ p>> c

p, mm
198.1
297.5
432.7
616.7
854.0
1178.0
157o.o

( 4 > 25, 37, 5 9 ) ;

cf. ( 46 > 4 7 )

()

Formula
CSSe

Range, C

, 0C
O
+ 15
30
50

p, mm
2e
5s
112
24e

70

(CN) 2
HCN
CNCl

%%.

n i
Formula

Lit.

T^
0n^
Range,
C
t, 0C

84.5 (78)

48s

-32 to - 6
23750 7.80s
(79)
77. - 8 to +27
2783p 7.744e
( 42 ); cf. I 8 7 )
- 5 to +40
27100 7.840
(*)
For other C-compounds, v. th (T-Table, p. 215
SiQ2
1860 to 2230
SOeooo 13.43
22so
(52)
~
H4Si
-160 to -112
12690
6.99e
( 71 ); cf. (*)
H 6 Si 2 ......... -115 to -14.6 217oo
7.25s
(Ti)
H8Si3
77
-70 to +52
29850
7.67e
(7i> 76)
(SiHa)2Q
_. -110 to -15
23590
7.68e
(TS)
SiCU
-70to +5
30100
7.644
(*> 75)
Si2CIe
.
40 to 103
459 o o
8.7oe
139
(33)
Si3CIs
77
124 to 149
50500
8.3oo
213
(33)
(SiCh)20
30 to 137
398so
7.98o
(75)
t, 0C
p, mm
O
1.5
10
3.0
20
6^0
SiH3Cl
-110 to -30
21400
7.48s
(73)
SiH2Cl2
-100 to + 8
25500
7.61s
(73)
SiH3Br
- 90 to + 2
244so
7.524
(Ti)
SiH 2 Br 2 ... 77. - 65 to +18
310io
7.654 ^^^ (72)
(SiH3)BN..."7. - 60 to +15
30620
7.88s
(74)
For methylsilicanes, v. p. 215
Ge2H6
.] - 98 to +30
264oo
7.444
Q)
Ge3H8
O to 111
31900
7.224
Q*)
GeCl4
10.4 to 86
385oo
7.340
(38)
SnH4
148 to -49
19i40
7.4oo
( 40 )
0
0
SnCh
t, C
p, mm
t, C
p, mm (84)
-10
2.8
90
360.5
+ 10
10.3
120
895.0
30
31.3
140 1497.0
60
112.0
PbF2
77
1078 to 1289
!65100
8.391 1292 (82)
PbCl2
7".
500 to 950
141900
8.961
94s
( 1 7 ); cf. (82)
PbBr2
735 to 918
llsooo
8.0e4
9ie
(82)
TlF
282 to 298
IQsooo 12.52
298
(82)
TlCl
.
665 to 807
105200 ~7.9?4
8Oe (82)
TlBr
634 to 817
105400
7.940
81s
(82)
TlI
693 to 822
1054oo
7.9o2
824
(82)
CdI2
385 to 450
122200
9.269
"(**)
HgCl
.
383(61); cf. (2 48 )
0
t, C
p, mm
310
10s.o
330
189.2
350
329.9
370
548.9
HgCl2
77.
275 to 309
61020
8.409 2ZZZZ ( 28 44 6S )
HgBr2
238 to 331
612so
8.284
(28, 44, 65)
HgI 2 ....
266 to 360
62770
8.11s
(28, 44, es)
Cu2Cl2
878 to 1369
80? o o
5.4 5 4
13ee (82)
Cu 2 Br 2 .... 77.
997 to 1351
79900
5.4eo" 1345 (82)
Cu2I2
991 to 1154
80700
5.5?o
1293 (82)
AgCl
1255 to 1442
ISssoo
8.179 15s4 (82)
OsFs
7".
38 to 47.3
292^0" 7.6s(7
(54)
Co(CO) 3 NO...
14 to 66
3021 o
7.3ee
(36)
Ni(CO) 4
2 to 40
29800
7.7so
43
( 15 ); c/. (34)
CrQ2Cl2.. . 7".
79 to 116
362so
7.73s 116.7 (35)
NbF 5
219 7")
t, 0C
p, mm
182
29o
200
42o
210
54o

. A,'
joule
p, mm

T
B
t, 0C

Normal
B. F., O
p, mm
(51)

TaF6

182
200

37o
4Oo

218
229

B2H6
B5Hn
BCl3

-112 to -87

13050

6.5se

( 66 )
( 86 )
+12.7 (70)

7.655
7.640

( 67 )
(<">)
C 8 )

t, 0C
-80
-60
-30
-15
O
-40 to +90
-80to -5

BBr3
B2H6Br
B3N3H6
Al2Q3
LiF
LiCl
LiBr
LiI
NaOH
NaF
NaCl
NaBr
NaI
NaCN
KOH
KF
KCl
KBr
KI
RbF
RbCl
RbBr
RbI
CsF
CsCl
CsBr
CsI

TTT

7".

p, mm
4.0
Is. o
lle.o
251.0
477.0
33320"
262eo

58o
75o

T
Lit.

For B(CaHb)x. t>. p. 215


1840 to 2200
54oooo 14.22 22io
1398 to 1666
21s40o
8.7ss
1670
1045 to 1325
155900
7.9s9~ 1387
1010 to 1265
1527^00" S.Oes
12es
940 to 1140 148600
8.On
llsg
1010 to 1402
!82000
7.Oso
1390
1562 to 1701 2l8200
8.640
17os
1156 to 1430
ISssoo
8.548
14s9
976 to 1155 180300
8.3297
1138 to 1394 16ieoo
7.948
139s
1063 to 1307 !65100
8.371 1297
800 to 1360 155520
7.472
1496
1170 to 1327
13eooo
7.3so
1322
1278 to 1500 2075^0" 9.Ooo~ 1498
1116 to 1418 169700
S.lso
14ie
906 to 1105 174500
8.3526
1095 to 1375
16ssoo
7.9se
13si
906 to 1063 168100
8.2470
1063 to 1333 155700
7.949
13si
843 to 1028
157600
8.0957
1142 to 1400
18s200
8.570
14o8
1142 to 1395 1986^7 9.1n
13ss
1050 to 1365 !65000
8.223
1340
1075 to 1325 ISeeoo
8.067
13o4
1033 to 1255 14o900
7.7os
12ss
986 to 1295
!63200
8.340
1289
978 to 1305 15s60o
7.990 ~1297
1052 to 1280
185700
9.124 12so

(52)
( 53 ); c/. (3)
( so ); cf. ( 83 )
( so ); cf. (3)
( so ); c/. (83)
(8i)
( S3 ) ; cf. (83)
(81); c/. (SO)
(*)
( 8 M; c/. ( so )
( 81 ) cf. ( so )
( 26 )
(8M
T S3 ) c/. ( 83 )
( 81 ); cf. (SO)
(*)
( 81 ); c/. (50)
Q9)
( 81 ); c/. (50)
(**>)
( S 3); c/. (S3)
( so ); c/. (83)
( 50 ); cf. (83)
( so ); cf. (83)
(S3) ; c/. (83)
( so ); c/. (83)
( 50 ); c/. ( 83 )
( s o ); c/. ( 83 )

LITERATURE
(For a key to the periodicals see end of volume)
(i) Adwentowski and Drozdowski, 180, 1911 A: 330. (2) Arctowski, 93, 12:
417; 96. (3) BaIy and Donnan, 4, 81: 907; 02. (4) Battelli, Mem. della
Accad. di Torino, 41: 1 ; 90. (5) Baume and Robert, 34, 168: 1201 ; 19. ()
Baxter, Bezzenberger and Wilson, 1, 42: 1386; 20. (7) Bergstrm, 50, 26:
358, 876; 22. (8) Berthoud, 42, 20: 77; 23. (9) Briner and Pylkoff, 42,10:
640; 12.
(i o) Bruylants, 186, 6: 472; 20. (U) Bruylants and Dondeyne, 186, 8: 387; 22.
(12) Burrell and Robertson, 1, 37: 2482; 15. (13) Cragoe, Meyers and
Taylor, 1, 42: 206 ; 20. ( 14) Dennis, Corey and Moore, 1, 46: 657 ; 24. ( *)
Dewar and Jones, 5, 71: 434; 03. (16) Drucker, Jimno and Kangro, 7, 90:
513; 15. (17) Eastman and Duschak, 30, No. 225: 19. (18) Estreicher and
Bobotek, 165, 7: 451; 13. (19) Fiock and Rodebush, l, 48: 2522; 26.
(20) Germann and Taylor, 1, 48: 1154; 26. ( 2 M Goldschmidt, 96, 20: 159; 23.
(22) Guye and Drouguinine, 42, 8: 473; 10. (23) Harvey and Schuette, 1,
48: 2065; 26. (24) Henglein and Krger, 93, 130: 181; 23. (25) Henning
and Stock, 96, 4: 226; 21. (26) Ingold, 4, 123: 885; 23. (27) Jannek and
Meyer, 93, 83: 51; 13. (28) Johnson, 1, 33: 771; 11. (29) King and
Partington, 4, 1926: 925.
(30) Lenher, Smith and Town, 50, 26: 156; 22. (31) Maass and Hiebert, l, 46:
2693; 24. (32) Maass and Mclntosh, 69, 8 III: 65; 14. (33) Martin, 4,
105: 2836; 14. (34) Mittasch, 7, 40: 3; 02. (35) Moles and Gomez, 7,
80: 513; 12. (36) Mond and Wallis, 4, 121: 32; 22. (37) Mund, 186, 1919:
529. (38) Nilson and Petterson, 7, 1: 38; 87. (39) Olszewski, 34, 99: 706;
84.

and Priess, 88, 7:159; 06. (66) Stock and Friederici, 25, 46:1959; 13. (*)
(40) Paneth, Haken and Rabinowitsch, 25, 57: 1891; 24. (^ 1 ) Paterno and
Stock and Kuss, 25, 47: 3115; 14. (6) Stock and Kuss, 25, 50: 159; 17.
Mazzuchelli, 36, 50 1: 30; 20. ( 4 2 ) Perry and Porter, 1, 48: 299; 26. (*3)
(69) Stock, Kuss and Priess, 25, 47: 3115; 14.
Postma, 70, 39: 515; 20. (") Prideaux, 4, 97: 2032; 10. (45) Ramsay
and Young, 62, 177: 71; 86. .( 46 ) Regnault, J5J, 26: 339; 62. (47) Rex, (70) Stock and Priess, 25, 47: 3109; 14. () Stock and Somieski, 25, 49 : 111;
16. (72) Stock and Somieski, 25, 50: 1739; 17. (73) stock and Somieski,
7, 06: 358; 06. ( 4 8 ) von Richter, 25, 19: 1057; 86. ( 4 9 ) Rotinyanz and
25, 52: 695; 19. (74) Stock and Somieski, 25, 54: 740; 21. (75) Stock,
Suchodskii, 7,87:635; 14.
Somieski and Wintgen, 25, 50: 1754; 17. (76) Stock, Stiebeler and Zeidler,
(50) Ruff and Mugdan, S3, 117: 147; 21. ( 51 ) Ruff and Schiller; 93, 72: 329;
25, 56: 1695; 23. (77) Stock and Stolzenberg, 25, 50: 498; 17. (78) Stock
11. ( 5 2 ) Ruff and Schmidt, 93, 117: 172; 21. ( 53 ) Ruff, Schmidt and
and Willfroth, 25, 47: 144; 14. (79) Terwen, 7, 91: 469; 16.
Mugdan, 93, 123: 83; 22. (54) R u ff and Tschirch, 25, 46: 929; 13. (55)
(80) Trautz and Gerwig, 93, 134: 409; 24. (81) Wartenberg and Albrecht,
Rushton and Daniels, 1, 48: 384; 26. ( 56 ) Scheffer and Treub, 7, 81: 308; 13.
58
9, 27: 162; 21. (82) Wartenberg and Bosse, 9, 28: 384; 22. (83) Warten(57) Schenck, Mihr and Bauthien, 25, 39: 1506; 06. ( ) Schmidt and
berg and Schulz, 9, 27: 568; 21. (84) Young, 117, 12: 428; 10. (*5)
Walter, 8, 72: 565; 23. (59) Siemens, 8, 42: 871; 13.
Mayes and Partington, 4,1926: 2594. (85.5) Mittasch, Kuss and Schlueter,
(60) Simons, 1, 46: 2179; 24. (i) Smith and Calvert, 1, 38: 801; 16. ( 6 2 )
93, 159:1; 26. ( 86 ) stock and Pohland, 25, 59: 2210; 26. ( 87 ) Sinozaki,
Smits and Schoenmaker, 4, 1926:1108. (63) Steele and Bagster, 4, 97: 2607;
Kara and Mitsukuri, 505, 6: 157; 26.
11. (64) Steele and Mclntosh, 7, 55: 136; 06. (65) Stelzner, Niederschulte

VAPOR PRESSURES OF ORGANIC LIQUIDS


H. R. RAIKES AND E. J. BOWEN
C-TABLE
The (T-arrangement, v. p. viii
i
0.05223
lOgio Pmm =

Ij,

A H- r>

The values in the B. P. column are based upon the best available direct determinations of the boiling point. These values
not infrequently differ considerably from those interpolated from
the vapor-pressure data, a situation which can be cleared up only
by further research.
Range, 0C
A, joule
B (for
Normal
(or t, 0C)
(or pmm)
p in mm)
B. P., 0C
CCl2O Carbonyl chloride (3, 76, 78); c/. (80)
-90 to +25 I
24684
|
7.460
|
8.45
CCl3NO2 Chloropicrin (5, 124)
-20
1.5
111.91
-10
3.0
O
5.7
-flO
10.4
20
13.8
25
18.3
30
31.1
35
40.15
CCl4 Carbon tetrachloride (2, 44, 72, 87, 124, 126, 136)
-70 to -19
36585
8.540
76.75
-19 to +20
33 914
8.004
20
91
25
114.5
30
143.0
35
176.2
40
215.8
45
262.5
50
317.1
55
379.3
60
450.8
65
530.9
70
622.3
80
843
90
1 122
100
1 463
CN4Q8 Tetranitromethane (65)
40
26.6
125.7
50
44.2
60

70
80
90

70.6

109
164
239

t,C

?>mm

100
110
120

339
470
640

Range, 0C
A, joule
B (for
Normal
(or t, 0C)
(or pmm)
p in mm)
B. P., 0C
CHBr3 Bromoform, 9.4 mm at 25.0 (9?)
CHCl3 Chloroform (?, 28, 44, 89) ; c/. (87, 126)
-60
0.81
61.20
-50
2.06
-40
4.7
-30
10.0
-20
19.6
-10
34.75
t, 0C
pmm
O
61.0
45
439.0
+10
100.5
50
526.0
20
159.6
55
625.2
25
199.1
60
739.6
30
246.0
60.9
760.0
35
301.3
70
1 019
40
366.4
80
1 403
HCN Hydrocyanic acid (41); cf. (80, 140)
O to 46
I
27875
|
7.752e
j
25.7s
CH2Br2 Mthylne bromide (89)
O
11.5
10
20.4
20
34.7
30
56.4
CH
chloride (89,116)
_
_2Cl2 Mthylne
_
10
20
30

229.7
348.9
511.4

CH2O2 Formic Acid (29, 34, 53, 55, 57, 92); c/. (96)

18^9
100.5
33.1
52.2
82.6
125.9
189.7
279.6
398.1
552.1
753.4
CH3AsCl2 Methylarsine dichloride (5)
-17 to +35 I
43686
|
8.6944
[
CH3Cl Methyl chloride (47, ioo) ; c/. (87)
-47 to -10 I
21988
|
7 ASi
I
-23.47
O
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

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