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DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (Second Term,

Final Year) LAB EXPERIMENT # 02


________________________________________________________________________ Name: _____________________________________________ Roll No: _____________ Score: ____________Signature of the Lab Tutor: _______________ Date: ___________ ________________________________________________________________________ Objectives: To examine the LED as an optical source and measure its characteristics. VI and PI characteristic curve Source to Fiber Coupling Spectral width of the LED Equipment: Power Supply PSU or PS1 Module-holding Unit Testing Module MCM40 Optical Power Meter Multimeter

DETAILS The commonest optical sources used in fiber optics communication system are LED and Laser Diode. Both of these devices radiate light energy at different wavelengths, corresponding to windows where fiber shows minimum attenuation. LEDs generally are characterized by a reliability and limited cost, their overall dimensions are limited and enable very good coupling with optical fibers. But they are monochromatic, so they cause chromatic dispersion inside the fiber. In LED forward bias PN junction is used to emit the light through the process of spontaneous emission. The optical power emitted is the function of the forward driving current. At present the LEDs in the 1st window are made of gallium arsenide or of the ternary compound with aluminum (AlGa/GaAs), the LEDs in 2nd e 3rd windows are made of indium-gallium-arsenide-phosphide (InGaAsP/InP). The most significant parameters of LED are: Output wave length Output spectral width Output optical power: it ranges in some tens of W, and depends on the forward driving current. Frequency response PROCDURE Optical power emitted by the LED Disconnect the all jumpers of MCM 40 Module. Power on the module

DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (Second Term, Final Year) LAB EXPERIMENT # 02 Connect the jumper J12b,so that the circuit can be as shown in figure.2.1, this

configuration includes the LED at 660nm, forward polarized through the BIAS trimmer P(4). Measure the voltage V10 across the resistor of 10 connected in series to the LED (between TP15 and ground). The forward current IF crossing the LED is expressed by the following formula:

IF= V10/10 [V10 in mV, IF in mA] Observe the intensity of the light emitted by the LED. Power increases as current increases. Characteristics curves of LEDs Disconnect the jumper J12b and connect the jumper J13b, so that the circuit can be arranged as shown in fig. 2.2. This configuration includes the LED at 820nm, forward polarized through the BIAS trimmer (P4). Measure the voltage VF across the LED (between TP14 and TP15) and the voltage V10 across the resistor of 10 connected in series to the LED (between TP15 and ground), with voltmeter. The forward current IF crossing the LED is expressed by the following formula: IF= V10/10 [V10 in mV, IF in mA] Connect the LED to optical power meter through cable3(200/230) Vary the BIAS trimmer P4 and measure VF , V10 , IF and optical power Pout Plot the curve for the optical power of LED versus IF and of IF versus VF

S.N O 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. Pout (dBm)

V10(mV)

IF(mA)

VF(mV)

Pout(dBm )

IF (mA)

IF (mA)

VF m(mV )

DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (Second Term, Final Year) LAB EXPERIMENT # 02
Source to Fiber Coupling (Coupling loss) Disconnect the jumper J12b and connect the jumper J13b, so that the circuit can be arranged as shown in fig. 2.2. This configuration includes the LED at 820nm, forward polarized through the BIAS trimmer (P4). Connect the LED to optical power meter through cable#5(10/125) and measure optical power. replace the cable#5 with the cable#4 (50/125) or with the cable#3 or cable #2 to measure the optical power S. Type of Optical Fiber NO (Core/Cladding) 01. Single Mode, glass fiber (10/125m) 02. Multimode Graded index (50/125m) 03. Step index , glass fiber(200/230) 04. Step index, plastic fiber
EXECRISE

Numerical Aperture <0.1 0.2 0.35 0.46

Pout(dBm)

Draw the Spectral width of the LED as an optical source using Optical Field Spectrum Analyzer (OSA).

REVIEW QUESTIONS

1. Draw the index profile for both step index and graded index fiber.

DEPARTMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, JAMSHORO FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (Second Term, Final Year) LAB EXPERIMENT # 02
2. Why Single Mode(SM) fiber is operated at cut-off wavelength? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ____ 3. How to calculate the for the graded index fiber? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ____

FINAL CHECK LIST

1. Return all equipment and material to their proper storage area 2. Submit your answers to questions, and results before the next laboratory Figure: 2.1 Figure: 2.2