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A Dictionary Definition Function: noun 1 : the office or position of a leader; 2 : capacity to lead 3 : the act or an instance of leading Source:

: Merriam-Webster On-line Leadership Definition 4 "Leadership occurs when one person induces others to work toward some predetermined objectives." Massie Leadership Definition 5 "Leadership is the ability of a superior to influence the behavior of a subordinate or group and persuade them to follow a particular course of action." Chester Bernard Leadership Definition 6 "Leadership is the art to of influencing and directing people in such a way that will win their obedience, confidence, respect and loyal cooperation in achieving common objectives." U. S. Air Force Leadership Definition 8 "The first job of a leader is to define a vision for the organization.... Leadership of the capacity to translate vision into reality." Warren Bennis, President, University of Cincinnati, University of Maryland symposium, January 21, 1988 Leadership Definition 15 "A manager takes people where they want to go. A great leader takes people where they don't necessarily want to go but ought to." Rosalyn Carter In common usage, leadership generally refers to: the position or office of an authority figure, such as a President [1] a group of influential people, such as a union leadership [2] guidance or direction, as in the phrase "the emperor is not providing much leadership" capacity or ability to lead, as in the phrase "she exercised effective leadership" Studies of leaders have suggested qualities that are often associated with leadership. They include: Talent and technical/specific skill at the task at hand. Initiative and entrepreneurial drive Charismatic inspiration - being liked by others and the ability to leverage this esteem to motivate others Preoccupation with their role - a dedication that consumes much of their life - service to a cause. A clear sense of mission - clear goals - focus - commitment Results oriented - every action is directed towards a mission prioritize activities so that time is spent where results will be best achieved

Optimism - very few pessimists are leaders Rejection of determinism - belief in their ability to make a difference Ability to encourage and nurture those that report to them delegate in such a way as people will grow Role models - take on a persona that encapsulizes the mission lead by example

Managers administer ; leaders innovate, Managers ask how and when, leaders ask what and why, Managers focus on systems ; leaders focus on people, Managers do things right ; leaders do the right things, Managers maintain ; leaders develop, Managers rely on control ; leaders inspire trust, Managers have a short-term perspective ; leaders have a longer-term perspective, Managers accept the status-quo ; leaders challenge the status-quo, Managers have an eye on the bottom line ; leaders have an eye on the horizon, Managers imitate ; leaders originate, Managers are the classic good soldier ; leaders are their own person, Managers are a copy ; leaders are original. Most leadership books provide solid roadmaps for going from good to great and orchestrating good leadership principles. But a book alone does not make people change. Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic. Conceptually, motivation should not be confused with either volition or optimism.[2] Motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion. The act or process of motivating. The state of being motivated. Something that motivates; an inducement or incentive. motivation is a process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior induced by the expectation of satisfying individual needs For instance, if an organization's employees are highly motivated and proactive, they will do whatever is necessary to achieve the goals of the organization as well as keep track of industry performance to address any potential challenges. Lack of motivation equates to less work being accomplished. Productivity does not disappear; it is usually transferred to aspects not related to the organization's work. Low employee motivation could be due to decreased success of the organization, negative effects from the economy or drastic changes or uncertainty within the organization. No matter what the cause, having the

reputation of having an unpleasant work environment due to low employee motivation will ultimately impact how existing and potential clients or partners view working with an organization. Motivation is driven through a multitude of avenues from the stories senior executives tell, to the incentive plans that are put in place, to the way jobs are designed, to the culture that is nurtured, to how people are rewarded and recognized.