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B.RS.C. MAIN EXAM.

37th C.C. Exam. 1990

ZOOLOGY
Time Allowed : 3 Hours} [Maximum Marlui: 200 Answer any five ^questions. (b) Draw a neat and labelled diagram of an. animal cell. How it differs from that of plant cell ? (c) What is heredity ? Give an account of meiosis and its importance, in inheritance. (d) Write an essay on "Sericulture" in India giving labelled diagram of life history of Silk moth. (e) What is Polymorphism ? Discuss with reference to alternation of generation of Obelia. (f) Describe the structure and life history of Liver Fluke. (g) Explain with the help of diagrams reproductive system df Hirudo medicinalis (Leech) and how it differs to that in earthworms. (h) Compare the Digestive or Respiratory system of Unio and Fila. (i) Describe the flight adaptations in birds. (j) What do you mean by Branchial system ? Discuss with reference to Herdmania or Amphioxus. ' 10. Give an account of circulatory system of Rabbit. 11.. Describe the excretory system of Frog and how it differs with that of Rabbit? 12. Write brief notes on any FOUR of the following: (a) Placentation in Mammals (b) Petromyzon (c) Dipnoi (d) Mouth parts ofHouse fly (e) Parthenogenesis (0 Compound eye of arthropods (g) Monocystis (h) Sacculina.

38th C.C. Exam. 1991

ZOOLOGY
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks : 206 Answer any five questions. (k) Classify protozoa upto order discussing the basis of their classification with examples. (l) Write an essay on canal system of Porifera giving examples and suitable diagrams. (m) Desribe the structure and life history of QbeUa in detail. (n) Draw a neat and labelled diagram of the T. S. of earthworm passingthrough the pharynx. How it differs with that of T.S. of Ascaris? (o) Describe the respiratory system of Unio and compare it with that ofpila. 6 Describe the Branchial system of Herdmania or Amphioxus. . Compare and contrast the circulatory system of frog and rabbit. 7 What are the affinities of Prototheria with the Vertebrates ? . What is ecosystem ? Discuss with reference to a pond ecosystem. 8. Define a plasma membrane. Explain the fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane as given by Singer and Nicolson. 9. 11. What is cell division ? Compare Mitosis and Mfciosis which are important from heridity point of view. 12 Write short notes on any four: (10 marks e^ph) (a) Parasitic castration (b) Biological clock (c) Social Life in Insects C6\ Migration in birds (e) Biometry (0 Placenlration in Mammals (g) Compound eye of Insect or Crustacea (h) Petromyzon.

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(3) 39th C.C. Exam. 1993

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - I
Ultie Allowed: 3 Hours] . [Maximum Marks : 200 Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions fomi each section. Section : A 1. Give the classification (upto order) and characteristic features of the following: (a) Silver fish, (b) PhysaUa, (c) Millipede, (d) Ichthyopia, (e)Armadilo. 2. (a) Give an account of the Skeletal system of sponges. (b) Draw a labelled di^am of the longitudinal Section of Hydra. (p) Write a comparative account of the mode of feeding and digestive system of amphioxus and dogfish. (q) Describe the excretory system.of earth worm and give a labelled diagram of septal nephridium. (r) Give an account of the modification in the arterial arches in vertebrates. (s) Write short notes on any five of the following: (a) Lung fishes, (b) Archaeopterx, (c) Axolotle larva, (d) Cyclostomata, (e) Coral reef, (f) Bladder worm, (g) Demospongia, (h) Nematocyst. Section : B 7. Describe the life cycle of the liver fluke. Add a note on control of infection. 8. Give an account of the following: (t) Gall insects (u) Stages of life cycle of malarial parasite in mosquito. (c) Parasitic adaptation in tape worm. Give an account of policies of the government for conservation of wild life in India. Add a note o.n the endangered species. 10 Write an essay on the majof sources of air pollution and their main pollutants.

(v) Describe various ways by which animals adapt themselves to the desert habitat. (w) Explain the following terms: (a) Community, (b) Estqary, (c) Ecosystem, (d) Biome.

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximuni Marks: 200 Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions fonn each section. Section : A (x) Describe the ultrastructural morphology of mitochondria in animal cells. Explain the role of mitochondria in Kreb's Cycle. (y) Draw a sequence of figures along with suitable written text to explain the process of meiosis. Give a comparative account of meiosis and mitosis. (z) Describe the varieties of isolating mechanisms that prevent interbreeding among species. What role such barriers play in the evolution of new species ? (aa) Explain the various types of structural and nunierical Rearrangements of'chromosomes. What is the role of these rearrangements in mutations ? (bb)Write an account of sources and nature of organic variations. Explain the importance of such variations in Natural Selection. (cc) Write notes on four of the following: (i) Down's Syndrome, (ii) Lac operbn and gene regulation, (iii) Cell Differentiation, (iv) Gene linkage maps, (v)'Golgi bodies, (vi) Sex chromosomes in man. Section : B (dd)Explain the four levels of structure (primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary) of proteins. Describe how proteins are separated by the method of Gel Electrophoresis. (ee) Write an account of various hormones involved in the sexual maturation and reproduction of man. Add a note on their mode of action on the target organs.

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Describe in detail with suitable diagrams the structure of a mammalian nephron. Give details of the process of ultrafilteration and urine formation. Draw properly labelled diagrams of the following: (i) T.S. through adrenal (mammalian) (ii) T.S. through testis (mammalian) (iii) S.S. through intestine (mammalian) (iv) T.S. through stomach (mammalian) Write a detailed account with suitable diagrams of development of fertilized eggs upto gastrulation in frog and chick. Write notes on any FOUR of the following: (i) Mechanism of enzyme action, (ii) Vitamins and nutrition (iii) O2 dissociation curve, (iv) Pheromones, (v) Juvenile hormone, (vi) Acrosome reaction. 40th C.C. Exam. 1995

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [lV|a>fimuni Marks : 200 Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions fonn each section. Section : A 1, Give the classification (upto grder) and characteristic features of the following: (a) Chiton (b) Nereis (c) Praying mantis (d) Brittle star (e) Hippocampus. 2. Describe various organs and modes of respiration in arthropods. 3. Give a cornparalive account of the urinogenital system in fishes, reptiles and birds. 4.i Give an account of adaptive rediation in reptiles. 5. Draw fully labelled diagrams of the following: (No description is required) (ff) Eye of an insect. (gg) T.S. of earthworm through clilellum. (hh) Mature segment of tapeworm

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6. Write short notes on any five of the following: (a) Acelomate animals (b) Radial symmetry (c) Collar cd (d) Types of scales in fishes (e) Archaeopteryx (f) M^riapoda (g) Electric rays (h) Gila monster. Section : B (ii) List important wild life sanctuaries in India. Describe common strategies for conservation of wild life. (jj) Write notes on any five of the following: (a) Acid rain (b) Greenhouse effect (c) Endangered species (d) Renewable resources (e) Troposphere (f) Role of pheromones in behaviour (g) Autotrophic nitrogen fixers (h) Induced breeding. 9. What is parasitism ? Present an account of parasitic protozoa of economic importance. (kk)Define a biogeochemiqal cycle. Explain by using an example of nitrogen or carbon cycle. (ll) Write an essay on Ecological Succession. (mm)Distinguish between the following: (nn)Population size and population density (oo)Mortality and natality (c) Correlation and regression.

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks: 200 Answer any five questions in which questions. 1 & 5 are compulsory and any three questions selecting at least one from each section. Section : A 1. Differentiate between any four of the following: (pp)Spontaneous and induced mutations. (qq)Inducible and repressible operons. (rr) Homology and analogy (ss) Sympatric and AUopatric species. (tt) B-DNA and Z-DNA. (uu)Paracentric and pericentric inversions.

(vv) Elucidate the various molecular events during prophase-I of meiotic division. i (ww)What is a puff ? How does it correlate with gene expression ? (xx) What is synthetic theory of evolution? (yy) Discuss briefly the major trends in human evolution. (c) Define the law of independent assortment. Explain this , providing diagramatic representation of an appropriate genetic cross. (zz) Show how G-C and A-T are paired in a piece of DNA helix ? (No description is required) (aaa)Discuss mitochondria as a semiautonoinaus organelle. (bbb)Define and explain briefly the following: (i) Dominant mutation (ii) Genetic code Section : B Differentiate between any four of the following: (ccc)Reducing sugar and non-reducing sugar. (ddd)Competitive and non-competitive enzyme inhibitors (eee)HbAandHbS (fff) Myosin and Actin filaments (ggg)Thyroid and Parathyroid (hhh)Amnion and Allantois (iii) Discuss the role of G-protein in peptide hormone action, (jjj) What is balanced diet ? Write the essential components of a balanced diet. (kkk)Define the following: (i) Spermiog^esis (ii) Blastula (iii) Extra embryonic membrane. (lll) Describe the structure of a neuron and the mode of tranjsmission of nerve impulse along the axon. (mmm)Draw a labelled fate map of amphibian egg. (no description is required) (c) Comment upon the common characteristics of FSH, LH and TSH. (a) Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis and show the irreversible reactions of glycolytic pathway.

(nnn)Name the different classes of enzymes with atleast one example for each classes. (ooo)Define the term Ageing and discuss about the biochemical basis of ageing in mammals.
41st C.C. Exam. 1997

ZOOLOGY, PAPER -1
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks: 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two questions from each Section. Section : A 1. Give the classification (up to order) and characteristics features of the following: (i) Teredo (ii) Sacculina (iii) Schistosoma (iv) Limulus (v) Peipatus. 2. Distinguish between the following: (i) Nereis and Heteroneresis (ii) Complete and incomplete metamorphosis (iii) Mesonephros and Metanephros ' (iv) Amphicoelous and Amphiplatyan Vertebrae.^ (ppp)Give Jabelled diagrams of fish heart and mammalian heart (no description is required). Explain why fish heart is called a venous heart and the mammalian heart is called a double pump. (qqq)Describe the distribution, anatomical peculiarities and affinities of Urodela and Apoda. 5. / Write short notes on any four of the following: (i) Syncytial epidermis (ii) Tlibe feet (iii) Book lungs (iv) Mesenteries (v) Ratitae (vi) Pseudocoel. 6. Comment upon the following: (a) Homologies of ear ossicles in mammals (b) Coral formation (c) Dentition of rabbit. Section : B 7. Distinguish between instinctive and learn behaviour giving examples of each. What do you understand by Fixed Action Patterns and Releasers of instinctive behaviour ?

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(9) Explain the concept of energy-flow in an ccosvsicm. What is meant by food chains and food wobs ? Write an essay on 'Project Tiger'. ^, Explain the various methods'of sampling. Write short notes on any four of the following: (i) Composite carp culture (ii) Green house gases (iii) Pheromones ' (iv) Lac culture (v) WWF (vi) Fossil fuel. Describe the major insect pest affecting crops and stored products in India. What is the extent of damage caused by theim ?

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks : 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two questions from each Section. Section : A (rrr) Draw well labelled diagram of any two of the following: (i) Fluid mosaic structure of a part of plasma membrane, (ii) Secondary structure of a part of B-DNA. (iii) Structure of a synaptonemal complex. (sss)Give to a point explanation for any three of the following: (i) Neo-Darwinism (ii) Warning colouration mimicry (iii) Cytoplasmic inhitance (iv) Chromosomal basis of sex determination (v) Plyploidy and its genetic significance. 2. With the help of suitable diagrams describe the following: (ttt) Roles of rough endoplasmic reticulum and golgi comj)lex in the synthesis and processing of secretory proteins. (uuu)Mechanism of chain elongation during synthesis of protein in prokaryotes. 3. (a) Give an outline description of the following: (i) Geological times scale , (ii) Zoo-geographical realms, (b)" Describe in brief the mechanism of isolation and speciation.

4. Write explanatory notes on any four of the following: (vvv)Movement of chromosomes during cell division. (www)Replication along lagging strand of DNA in prokaryotes. (xxx)Concept of recombination. <'(d) "lac" operon and concept of gene regulation. (yyy)Principles of classification and zoological ilomenclature. (zzz)Structure and function of Nuclear envelope. Sectioti: B 5. Draw well labelled diagrams of any five of the following: (a) Complex (b)IgG (aaaa)Haem at Haemoglobin (bbbb)Electron microscopic structure of a mature sperm (cccc)Fate map of a chick embryo (dddd)T.S. through a mammalian testis. 6. (a) Differentiate between any two of the following: ( (i) Homo and Hetero polysaccharides (ii) Helix and pleated sheet structure of proteins (iii) Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. (b) Diagrammaticaly describe the mechanism of blood coagulation. 7. (a) With the helpof diagram onlydescnbeanytwoof the following: (i) Conduction of nerve impulse across the synapse. (ii) Concept of counter current mechanism during formation of urine in mammals, (iii) Process of absorption along small intestine, (b) With the help of combined diagram describe the role of hypothalmo-pitutary-gonadal axis in controlling the reproduction in human female. 8. (a) Describe the types ofplacenta found in the mammals, (b) Write critical comments on any two of the following: (i) ATP as energy coin of the cell (ii) Cell mediated immunity (iii) Basic concept of enzyme catalysis (iv) Genetic control of development.

42nd C.C. Exam. 1999

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Max. Marks : 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two questions from each Section. Section : A 1. Give a comparative^ account of the nephridial system in earthworm and leech. Discuss the modifications of mouth parts in relation to the feeding habits of insects. 3 "Birds are glorified reptifes." Discuss the statement. . Describe the evolutionary trends of aortic arches invertebrates. 4 Write notes on the following: (a) Pearl formation (b) Neoteny (c) Metagenesis (d) Fasciola Section : B Give the systematic position and daniage caused to the crops by the following insect pests: (a) Chilotraea infuscatellus (b) Earias insulana (c) Leptocorisa varicornis (d) Aulacophora foneicoUis (e) Callosorbuchus maculatus. 7. Describe briefly the following in relation to environment: (a) Flow of energy in an ecosystem (b) Global warming (c) Depleting ozone layer (d) Reduction in vegetation cover. Describe the following: (eeee)Role of pheromones in behaviour (ffff)Biological clock Discuss the hot parasite relationship in 9. animals giving suitable example. 10. Calculate the regression equation and correlation coefficient of the given values of independent variable (X) and dependent variable (Y): X Y (Fish Length) (Scale radius) 10 1.0 15 2.0 25 3.0 30 4.0

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Max. Marks : 200 Answer a?iy five ^questions selecting at least two questions from each Section. Section : A 1. Describe any four of the following: (gggg)Watson and Crick model of DN A. (hhhh)Characteristics of genetic code (iiii)Multiple allelism (jjjj)Cytoplasmic inheritance (kkkk)Eugenics (llll)Linkage phenomenon 2. (a) Explain Oparin and Haldane theory of "Origin of Life".

(mmmm)Draw well labelled diagram of Miller and Ufey Experiment. (nnnn)Give to the point explanation of the following: (i) Coacervates (ii) Eobionts 3. Give description of any two of the following: (oooo)Zoo-geographical realms. (pppp)Darwin's theqry of natural selection (qqqq)Origin and Evolution of man. 4. (a) Draw well labelled diagrams of any two of the following: (i) Ultrastructure of Mitochondrion, (ii) Fluid-mosaic model of Plasma membrane, (iii) Ultrastructure of Golgi apparatus, (b) Explain with the help of diagrams only various stages of Prophase of Meiosis-L

(13) (rrrr)Explain any two of the following: (i) Semi-conservative mode of DNA replication, (ii) Sex chromosomes and mechanism of sec determination (iii) Normal and abnormal karyotypes. (ssss)Explain with the help of diagram, (i) Inducible model of gene regulation, (ii) Repressible model of gene regulation. Section : B (tttt)Differentiate between any four of the following: (i) RNA and DNA (ii) Enzymes and Hormones (iii) Saturated and unsaturated lipids (iv) Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary structure of Proteins, (v) Homo and HeteroPolysaccharides. (uuuu)Explain with the help of diagrams: (i) Glycolysis (ii) Kreb's Cycle 7. (a) Describe the mechanism ofC02 transport in blood. (b) Give to the point explanation of (i) Bohr's Effect (ii) Structure of Haemoglobin 8. (a) Give the role of following processes in uring formation: (i) Glomerular filtration (ii) Selective reabsorption of useful substances (iii) Secretion of harmful substances (b) Describe with the help of digram only: (i) Conduction of nerve impulse along axon (ii) Structure of nephron 9. (a) Draw well labelled diagrams of any two of the following: (i) T.S. Pancreas (ii) T.S. mammalian testis (iii) Structure of eye (b) Explain any two of the follo\ying: (i) Role of C.A.M.P. as second messenger (ii) Hormonal regulation of blood calcium (iii) Pheromones and their role in insects. 10. Write explanatory notes on any four of the following: (a) Cleavage (b) Ageing and its implication in relation to man (c) Types of mammalian placenta (d) Fate maps (e) Extra embryonic membranes.

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43rd C.C. Exam. 2001

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks: 200 Answer any five questions. Selecting at least two question from each Section. Section : A (vvvv)Explain in detail life history of malarial parasite. (wwww)Write notes on the following: (xxxx)Polymorphism in hydrozoa. (yyyy)Metamorphosis in insects. (zzzz)Poisonous apparatus of snakes. (aaaaa)Skeletal system of porifera. (bbbbb)Give comparative account of dentition in mammals. (ccccc)Explain the following: (ddddd)Integumentary glands in mammals. (eeeee)Various types of horns in mammals. 5. Elaborate in detail migration in tlshes. Section : B (fffff)Give general survey of various types of animal behaviour. (ggggg)Explain the following: (a) Commensalism (b) Pisciculture and Induced breeding. 8. (a) Write detailed account of methods of sampling. (b) Calculate correlation co-efficient from the following data using Spearman's Rank Correlation Method. Marks in English: 55,70,75,70,66,66,64,70,55,61 Marks in Zoology: 61,49,65,80,61,49,61,56,70,72 9. Write notes on the following: (hhhhh)Acid rain (iiiii)Green house effect (jjjjj)Photochemical smog (kkkkk)Food chain 10. Explain ecological succession in a hydrosere.

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ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks : 200 Aijswer any five questions. Selecting at least two question from each Section. Section : A 1. Describe any four of the following: (lllll)Fluid-mosaic model of plasmamembrane. (mmmmm)Types of RNA. (nnnnn)Law of independent assortment. (ooooo)Aneuploidy in man. ^ (ppppp)Lamarkism (qqqqq)Faunaof oriental region. (rrrrr)What is meant by the sex determination ? Describe the seX determination mechanisms in man and other vertebrates. (sssss)Write detailed notes on the following: (ttttt)Mutations and their role in evolution. (uuuuu)Chromosome mapping and human genome project. (vvvvv)Haemojjhilia in Royal family of Britain. (wwwww)Plasmagenes and their inheritance. 4. Write an account of the following: (xxxxx)Hardy-Weinberg Law and its application. (yyyyy)Mimicry and its significance. (zzzzz)Palaeozoic era. (aaaaaa)Zoological nomenclature. 5. Describe the following: (bbbbbb)Cell cycle. (cccccc)Genetic code and its'characteristics. (dddddd)Archaeopteryx and its importance. (eeeeee)Insular Fauna. Section : B 6. Describe any four of the following: (a) Oxidative phosphorylation.

(ffffff)Theories of enzyme action. (gggggg)Breathing and its regulation. (hhhhhh)Hormones of adrenal cortex and their physiological importance. (iiiiii)Electron microscopic structure of human spermatozoan. (jjjjjj)Metamorphosisoffrogandfactorsinfluendngmetamorphosis . 7. Write an account of the following: (kkkkkk)Disaccharides and their types. (llllll)Amino acids and their classiHcation. (mmmmmm)Immunoglobulins and their importance. (nnnnnn)Vitamin B-Complex group and its members. 8. Write an account of the following: (oooooo)Blood groups and their importance. (pppppp)Mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscle. (qqqqqq)Digestion offood in intestine. (rrrrrr)Hormones controlling female reproduction and fertility control. 9. Describe in detail the following: (ssssss)Biochemical and physiological changes in the egg during fertilization. (tttttt)Formation of foetal membranes. (uuuuuu)Genetic control of development. (d) In vitro fertilization & test tube baby. 10. (a) Explain the following: (i) Oxidation and reduction, (ii) Pancrease, its hormones and functions, (iii) Insect pheromones and their importance, (iv) Development of heart in vertebrate embryo, (b) Explain with the help of diagrams only: (i) /3-Oxidation. (ii) Acid secretion in stomach, (iii) Neuromuscular junction, (iv) Epitheliochorialis and Endothelio-chorialis placenta.

(17) 44th C.C. Exam. 2002

ZOOLOGY, PAPER -1
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Maximum Marks : 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two question from each Section. SECTION-A (vvvvvv)Explain detail life history of tapeworm {Taenia solium). (wwwwww)Explain the following : (a) Social life in insects (b) Feathers in birds. (xxxxxx)Write short notes on the following (a) Retrogressive metamorphosis (b) Migration in fishes (c) Pearl formation in molluscs (d) Polymorphism in Hydrozoa. 4. Discuss evolution of heart in vertebrates. . SECTION-B 5. Explain the detail components and functions of ecosystem. 6. (a) Explain the following: (i) Correlation analysis (ii) Regression analysis. (b) Find two regression equations from the following data: Wt. (kg) of animal: 25,28,35,32,31,36,29,38,34,32 Age (months) of animal: 43,46,49,41,36,32,31,30,33,39 7. Write notes on the following: (a) Biological clock . (b) Parasitism (c) Induced breeding (d) Greenhouse effect 8. Define pollution. Give various sources of watet pollution. How water quahty can be managed ?

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed: 3 Hoursl [Maximum Marks ; Answer any five questions, selecting at least two queStins. from each Section. SECTION-A 1. (a) Biomembranes have fluid like structure to carry out certain functions. What are these functions ?
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( 18 ) (yyyyyy)What are natural mutations ? What Is dieir role in speciation / (zzzzzz)Draw labelled sketches to show the structure of mitochondria. (aaaaaaa)Name different Zoogecgraphic regions. Which region includes India ? Which anirr.a's are fouTud only in this region ? (bbbbbbb)Define Mendel's laws of i'iberitij'nce. (ccccccc)Write a note on Lamarckism. (ddddddd)Make a sketch to show the Keconaary structure of B DNA. How is it different from A, C^ 1) and ZDNA. (eeeeeee)What is the difference in the structures of SER and Rf ;R ? (fffffff)What are fundamental ;ua' acte/istics shared by all cells ? Describe the importance- cf rhesp; characteristics. (ggggggg)Write a note on cytoplasmic inheritance. (hhhhhhh)Describe the chromosomal 'iio v'ements during cell division. (iiiiiii)Describe any one genetic disease of human beings. a) Give an outline of Geological time scale. Describe briefly the Mesozoicera. Describe the experiment of Miller and Urey. SECTION-B

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What is the differenc'^ bf-tween a-heiix and /3-pleated sheets ? How do these structures affect the properties of proteins such as a-keratin and silk ? (jjjjjjj)What is the difference among enzyme, hormones and pheromones ? Name the hormones involved in human female reproduction. (kkkkkkk)Make a labelled sketch of fate map of frog embryo. (lllllll)Draw a labelled sketch of IgG. Write a note on cell mediated immunity. (mmmmmmm)Describe the role of pancrease in digestion. c) Make a labelled sketch of eye of the vertebrate. Describe the following: (nnnnnnn)The structure of ATP and cyclic AMP and their role in the cS (ooooooo)Theorganogenesisofcentralnervoussysteminaverteb rateembryo. a) Draw a labelled sketch to show the structure of nephron. Describe the process of uring formation in a mammal, (b) What are different types of muscles ? Describe the mechanism of contraction.of skeletal muscles. .

45th C.C. Exam. 2002

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - I
Time Allowed : 3 Hours] [Max, marks : 200 Answer any fiw questions selecting at least /H'O question fi-om each section. SECTION-A (ppppppp)Classify Phylum Porifera upto classes giving their diagnostic features and two examples of each class". (qqqqqqq)Define migration and explain fish migration in detail. (rrrrrrr)Write short notes on the following : (i) Trypanosoma (ii) Leishmania (iii) Flight Adaptations in birds (iv) Ear Ossicles in mammals 4. Write short notes on the following: (i) Phylogenetic relationship of Cnidaria and Acnidaria (ii) Phylogenetic relationship of prototheria and metatheria (iii) Affinities of Dipnoi (iv) Affinities of Echinodermata. SECTION-B 5. What do you mean by the food chains and Ecological Pyramids ? Describe various types of food chains and ecological pyramid. Write short notes on the following: (i) Pheromones (ii) Beneficial insects (iii) Correlation and regression analysis (iv) Pisciculture. Why conservation of natural sources in important ? Give a brief account of wild life conservation. 8. Describe various methods adopted in studying animal behaviour.

ZOOLOGY, PAPER - II
Time Allowed : 3 Hours] [Max. marks : 200 Answer any fiw questions selecting at least two question from eacli section. 1. (a) Write an account ofthe structure and functions of Golgi bodies. (sssssss)Describe Watson and Crick model of structure of DNA. (ttttttt)What is polyploidy ? Discuss the significance of polyploidy.

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Describe the insular fauna by giving suitable examples. Justify the statement 'DNA is a genetic material', (b) b) What is acell cycle ? Write an accoimt of the mitotic apparatus (cV Describe the regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes. (a) What are various theories of sex determination ? Discuss the gene balance theory of sex determination. (uuuuuuu)What is epistasis ? Describe epistasis with examples. (vvvvvvv)What is meant by the eugenics ? Discuss the significance of eugenics. (a) Write an account of the theory of natural selection and its role in organic evolution. (wwwwwww)D'^scribe the fossils and Uving fossils and their importance. (xxxxxxx)Discuss the genetic drift and its significance in evolution. SECTION-B (a) What are carbohydrates ? Classify polysaccharides with examples. (b)~.'hat are blood groups ? Discuss the significance of blood groups in blood transfusion, (c) Describe the metamorphic changes in frog tadpole larva. Id) What is aging ? Discuss the aging in relation to man. (a) What are enzymes ? Describe the types of enaymes, mechanism of action and the factors influencing the enayme action, (b) What are vitamins ? Describe the chemical nature, sources and role of water soluble vitamins. (a) Describe the mechanism of temperature regulation in mammals. (yyyyyyy)What are neurotransmitters ? Describe the conduction of nerve impulse along the neurons. (zzzzzzz)Describe anterior pituitary hormones and their fimctions. (a) Describe the bio-chemical changes taking place during metamorphosis. (aaaaaaaa)What is placenta ? Describe various types of placenta in mammals and their significance. (bbbbbbbb)What is regeneration ? Describe the process of limb regeneration in amphibians.

46th C. C. Exam. 2005

ZOOLOGY, PAPER-!
Time Allowed : 3 Hours ] | Max. iVIarks : 200 Answer any/ive questions selecting any three from Section A and two from Section B. Section-A (cccccccc)V?rite down the classification, of malarial parasite and describe its life-cycle. (dddddddd)Describe the skeleton in Porifera or write an essay on coral fonnation (eeeeeeee)(a) What do you know about metamoiphosis in insects ? (b) Describe parasitic adaptation in helminths. (ffffffff)(a) Give a comparative account of stomach in vertebrates, (b) Write a note on flightless birds. (gggggggg)Describe the origin .of reptiles and their adaptive radiation.
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(hhhhhhhh)What is an ecosystem ? Describe its components. (iiiiiiii)Write an essay on pollution in water and air. (jjjjjjjj)Give an account of insect pests of crops or pisciculture.

ZOOLOGY, PAPER-II
Time Allowed : 3 Hours ] Section-A 1. (a) Discuss ultrastructure, functions and significance of Mitochondria. (b) Discuss the types, distribution, functions and significance of Ribosomes. _ ^|| (kkkkkkkk)Define cell-differentiation. Discuss its various aspects by giving^^ . examples. (llllllll)Write a concise account of Replication of DNA. JK 2. (a) What is cytoplasmic inheritance ? Prepare a list often examples^^ of cytoplasmic inheritance in organisms. [ Max. Marks : 20() Answer any five questions selecting at least two from each Section

A.

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(mmmmmmmm)Concisely write about regulation of gene expression on eukaryotes (nnnnnnnn)Discuss five abnormal karyotypes with examples (oooooooo)Discuss the phenomenon of Linkage. (pppppppp)Briefly describe Hardy-Weinberg Law. (qqqqqqqq)What are isolating mechanism ? Discuss their role in evolution. (rrrrrrrr)Discuss the various important features of International Code concerning the subject of classification of organisms. (d) Briefly discuss the evolution of Man. % 4. Write short notes on any//ve of the following : (a) Mitotic spindle (b) Protein synthesis (c) Eugenics (d) Concept of sub-species (e) Zoo-geographical realms of the world (f) Fossils. Section-B 5. (a) Describe Kreb's cycle with the help of chemical formulae. (ssssssss)Describe the structure, function and significance of ATP. (tttttttt)Discuss the structure and role of various co-enzymes. (d) Discuss the structure, classification and significance of unsaturated fats. 6. (a) What is nerve-conduction ? Discuss the phenomenon of Mfifveconduction across a Synapse. (uuuuuuuu)Discuss the mechanism of Muscle contraction in brief (vvvvvvvv)Discuss the mechanism of action of peptide hormones. (wwwwwwww)Discuss Pheromones in mammals. 7. (a) Give a diagrammatic representation of Gastrulation process , Branchiostoma. (xxxxxxxx)Provide a list of types of Placenta in animals with examples. (yyyyyyyy)Discuss Organisers in brief (zzzzzzzz)Discuss organogenesis of central nervous system in brief 8.**Write short notes on any five of the following : (a) Immunoglobulins (b) Carbon dioxide transport (c) Salivary glands (d) Role of hypothalamus (e) Thyroid gland (f) Pheromones in insects.

(23) a 47th C. C. Exam. 2007

ZOOLOGY, PAPER-I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours ] [ Max. Marks: 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two questions from each Section.

I'

Section-A Give an account of the canal system in sponges. Briefly discribe: (aaaaaaaaa)Life cycle of Fasciola hepatica (Sheep Liver Fluke) and its parasitic adaptations. (bbbbbbbbb)Transmission of the malai-ial parasite from one host to another, (a) Describe different-larval forms in Crustacea. Add a note on their significance. (b)What is metamorphosis ? Describe different types of metamorphosis in insects with examples. Briefly explain the hormonal regulation of metamorphosis in insects. 4. Write notes on the following: (ccccccccc)Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes of India (ddddddddd)Flightless birds (eeeeeeeee)Derivatives of skin in mammals (fffffffff)Outline classification of protochordates giving general characters and examples of each group. Section-B Discuss in detail: (ggggggggg)Wild life conservation in India (hhhhhhhhh)Atmospheric pollution and measures to control it in India. Describe different types of behaviour in mammals and the role of hormones in it. Write notes on the following : (a) Diiiert ecosystem (b) Chi-square (c) Food chains (d) Silk worm. 8. Explain (he following: (a) C'liisM Illation, life cyrcle, damage caused and control of any two insn I |if sis of stored wheat. I^b) Prawn liNhery in India.

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ZOOLOGY, PAPER-II
Time Allowed: 3 Hours] [Max. Marks: 200 Answer any five questions selecting at least two from each Section Section-A l.What is meant by the sex determination ? Describe the sex determination mechanisms in man and other vertebrates. 2. Describe the following: (a) Insular Fauna (b) Cell cycle (c) Archaeopteryx and its importance (d) Genetic code and its characteristics. 3. (a) Describe the experiment of Miller and Urey. (b) Give an outline of Geological time scale. Describe briefly the mesozoicera. . 4. Write notes on any four of the following: (a) Eugenics (b) Multiple allelism (c) Linkage phenomenon (d) Watson and Crick model of DNA (e) Cytoplasmic inheritance (f) Characteristics of genetic code. SectioD-B 5. (a) What are different type of muscles ? Describe the mechaiiism of contraction of skeletal muscles. (b) The structure of ATP and cyclic AMP and their role in the cell. 6; (a) Describe anterior pituitary harmones and their functions. (iiiiiiiii)What are blood groups ? Discuss the significance of blood groups in blood transfusion. (jjjjjjjjj)What are Vitamins ? Describe the chemical nature, Sources and role of water Soluble vitamins. (kkkkkkkkk)What is aging ? Discuss the aging in relation to man. 7. Explain the following: (a) Development of heart in vertebrate embryo. (b) Oxidation and reduction. (lllllllll)Insect pheromones and their importance. (mmmmmmmmm)Pancrease, its hormones and fiictions. 8. Write short notes on any four of the following : (a) Thyroid gland (b) Cell cycle (c) Insular Fauna (d) Vitamins and nutrition (e) Acrosome reaction.

ZOOLOGY, PAPER-I
Time Allowed : 3 Hours] [Max. Marks : 200 Answer any five ques. selecting at least two question from each section. Describe various types of mouth parts found in insects. (nnnnnnnnn)Give structure, bionomics and life-history of Trypanosoma. (ooooooooo)Mention distinguishing characters of the phylimi coelenterata. Classify upto orders with examples. Write notes on the following: (a) Fossil reptiles (b) Affinities of urodela and apoda (c) Types offeathers in birds (d) Larvae of echinodermata. Write an essay on migration of fishes. Add a note on hormonal control in migration. . 5. Define the term behaviour. How instinctive behaviour differs from learning behaviour ? Give suitable examples. Discuss in detail: (a) Parental care (b) Biogeochemical cycle. What are the sources of marine pollution ? How does it aftects marine organism and humans ? Write notes on the following : (a) Enemies of lac insect (b) Types of parasitism (c)F-test (d) Null hypothesis.

Section-A

Section-B

ZOOLOGY, PAPER-ll
ime Allowed : 3 Hours] [Max. Marks : 200 Answer any five ques. selecting at least two questionfrom each section. 1. (a) (a) Explain the structure and functions of nucleolus. (b) Describe the first meiotic division. How it is different from mitotic division ? (c) Describe the ultrastructure of mitochondria. Why they are called as fpower house'of the cell ? (d)' Explain the Singer and Nicholson's model of plasma membrane and its functions.' (a) Explain in detail the replication of DNA. (b) Describe the sex determination in Drosophilia.

Section-A

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(ppppppppp)Explain the mechanism of translation in prokaryotes. (qqqqqqqqq)What do you understand by the 'Human Genome Project' ? Discuss the significance of the project. 3. (a) Discuss in detail the modem synthetic theory of evolution. (rrrrrrrrr)Explain in detail the Hardy-Weinberg law; (sssssssss)What is the aneuploidy ? Differentiate aneuploidy with that of polyploidy. (ttttttttt)Discuss the mutations caused due to structural change in chromosomes along with the factory responsible for them. 4. Write notes on any five of the following: (a) Lysosomes, (b) Eugenics, (c) Pleiotropism, (d) Zoogeographical realms, (e) Lamarkism, (f) Isolating mechanism. 5. (a) Describe the-oxidative phosphorylation. (uuuuuuuuu)What are the nucleotides ? Differentiate nucleotides fi-om muclebsides. (vvvvvvvvv)What are the Co-enzymes ? Discuss the'importance of coenzymes. ' ^ (wwwwwwwww)What is the hypothalamus ? Discuss the role of hypothalamus in the regulation of secretions of endocrine glands. 6. (a) Describe the mechanism of conduction of nerve impulse. Explain the active membrane potential. (xxxxxxxxx)What is meant by balanced diet ? Discuss the importance of each tomponent of balanced diet. (yyyyyyyyy)Describe the structure, hormones and functions of thyroid gland. (zzzzzzzzz)Describe the structure of a nephron and explain the mechanism of urine formation. . 7. (a) Describe various types of eggs and explain the types of cleavages occurring in them., (b) Describe the process of spermatogenesis. How it differs from oogenesis ? <c) Explain the mechanism limb regeneration in frog, (d) Describe the organogenesis of heart in vertebrate embryo. 8. Write notes on any five of the following: (a) Hormones and mechanism of their action, (b) B-complex group of vitamins and theiry importance, (c) Homeostasis and its significance, (d) Salivary glands and their fimctioris, (e) Menstrual cycle and its regulation, (f) Organizers and their importance.
Section-B